Bill Text: MN HF688 | 2013-2014 | 88th Legislature | Introduced

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Bill Title: Schools allowed to maintain a supply of epinephrine auto-injectors, and immunity from liability provided.

Spectrum: Bipartisan Bill

Status: (Introduced - Dead) 2013-03-13 - Second reading [HF688 Detail]

Download: Minnesota-2013-HF688-Introduced.html

1.1A bill for an act
1.2relating to education; allowing schools to maintain a supply of epinephrine
1.3auto-injectors; providing immunity from liability;amending Minnesota Statutes
1.42012, sections 121A.22, subdivision 2; 121A.2205; 604A.31, by adding a
1.5subdivision; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 121A.

1.7    Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 121A.22, subdivision 2, is amended to read:
1.8    Subd. 2. Exclusions. In addition, this section does not apply to drugs or medicine
1.9that are:
1.10(1) purchased without a prescription;
1.11(2) used by a pupil who is 18 years old or older;
1.12(3) used in connection with services for which a minor may give effective consent,
1.13including section 144.343, subdivision 1, and any other law;
1.14(4) used in situations in which, in the judgment of the school personnel who are
1.15present or available, the risk to the pupil's life or health is of such a nature that drugs or
1.16medicine should be given without delay;
1.17(5) used off the school grounds;
1.18(6) used in connection with athletics or extra curricular activities;
1.19(7) used in connection with activities that occur before or after the regular school day;
1.20(8) provided or administered by a public health agency to prevent or control an
1.21illness or a disease outbreak as provided for in sections 144.05 and 144.12;
1.22(9) prescription asthma or reactive airway disease medications self-administered by
1.23a pupil with an asthma inhaler if the district has received a written authorization from the
1.24pupil's parent permitting the pupil to self-administer the medication, the inhaler is properly
1.25labeled for that student, and the parent has not requested school personnel to administer
2.1the medication to the pupil. The parent must submit written authorization for the pupil to
2.2self-administer the medication each school year; or
2.3(10) prescription nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine auto-injectors, consistent with
2.4section 121A.2205, if the parent and prescribing medical professional annually inform the
2.5pupil's school in writing that (i) the pupil may possess the epinephrine or (ii) the pupil is
2.6unable to possess the epinephrine and requires immediate access to nonsyringe injectors
2.7of epinephrine auto-injectors that the parent provides properly labeled to the school for
2.8the pupil as needed, or consistent with section 121A.2207.

2.9    Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 121A.2205, is amended to read:
2.12    Subdivision 1. Definitions. As used in this section:
2.13(1) "administer" means the direct application of an epinephrine auto-injector to
2.14the body of an individual;
2.15(2) "epinephrine auto-injector" means a device that automatically injects a
2.16premeasured dose of epinephrine;
2.17(3) "school" means a public school under section 120A.22, subdivision 4, or a
2.18nonpublic school, excluding a home school, under section 120A.22, subdivision 4, that
2.19is subject to the federal Americans with Disabilities Act.
2.20    Subd. 2. Plan for use of epinephrine auto-injectors. (a) At the start of each school
2.21year or at the time a student enrolls in school, whichever is first, a student's parent, school
2.22staff, including those responsible for student health care, and the prescribing medical
2.23professional must develop and implement an individualized written health plan for a
2.24student who is prescribed nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine auto-injectors that enables
2.25the student to:
2.26(1) possess nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine auto-injectors; or
2.27(2) if the parent and prescribing medical professional determine the student is unable
2.28to possess the epinephrine, have immediate access to nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine
2.29auto-injectors in close proximity to the student at all times during the instructional day.
2.30The plan must designate the school staff responsible for implementing the student's
2.31health plan, including recognizing anaphylaxis and administering nonsyringe injectors of
2.32 epinephrine auto-injectors when required, consistent with section 121A.22, subdivision 2,
2.33clause (10). This health plan may be included in a student's 504 plan.
2.34(b) A school under this section is a public school under section 120A.22, subdivision
, or a nonpublic school, excluding a home school, under section 120A.22, subdivision 4,
3.1that is subject to the federal Americans with Disabilities Act. Other nonpublic schools are
3.2encouraged to develop and implement an individualized written health plan for students
3.3requiring nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine auto-injectors, consistent with this section
3.4and section 121A.22, subdivision 2, clause (10).
3.5(c) A school district and its agents and employees are immune from liability for any
3.6act or failure to act, made in good faith, in implementing this section.
3.7(d) The education commissioner may develop and transmit to interested schools a
3.8model policy and individualized health plan form consistent with this section and federal
3.9504 plan requirements. The policy and form may:
3.10(1) assess a student's ability to safely possess nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine
3.11 auto-injectors;
3.12(2) identify staff training needs related to recognizing anaphylaxis and administering
3.13epinephrine when needed;
3.14(3) accommodate a student's need to possess or have immediate access to nonsyringe
3.15injectors of epinephrine auto-injectors in close proximity to the student at all times during
3.16the instructional day; and
3.17(4) ensure that the student's parent provides properly labeled nonsyringe injectors of
3.18epinephrine auto-injectors to the school for the student as needed.
3.19(e) Additional nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine auto-injectors may be available in
3.20school first aid kits.
3.21(f) The school board of the school district must define instructional day for the
3.22purposes of this section.

3.26    Subdivision 1. Schools permitted to maintain supply. Notwithstanding section
3.27151.37, schools may obtain and possess epinephrine auto-injectors to be maintained
3.28and administered according to this section. A school may maintain a stock supply of
3.29epinephrine auto-injectors.
3.30    Subd. 2. Use of supply. (a) The governing body of a school may authorize school
3.31nurses and designated school personnel to administer an epinephrine auto-injector to any
3.32student or other individual based on guidelines under subdivision 4, regardless of whether
3.33the student or other individual has a prescription for an epinephrine auto-injector if:
3.34(1) the school nurse or designated person believes in good faith that an individual
3.35is experiencing anaphylaxis; and
4.1(2) the person experiencing anaphylaxis is on school premises or off school premises
4.2at a school-sponsored event.
4.3(b) The administration of an epinephrine auto-injector in accordance with this
4.4section is not the practice of medicine.
4.5    Subd. 3. Arrangements with manufacturers. A school may enter into
4.6arrangements with manufacturers of epinephrine auto-injectors or third-party suppliers
4.7of epinephrine auto-injectors to obtain epinephrine auto-injectors at fair-market, free, or
4.8reduced prices. A third party, other than a manufacturer or supplier, may pay for the
4.9school's supply of epinephrine auto-injectors.
4.10    Subd. 4. School policies required for use of epinephrine auto-injector. The
4.11governing authority of a school permitting administration of epinephrine auto-injectors
4.12pursuant to subdivision 2 shall develop guidelines and plan for implementation of the
4.13guidelines, which shall include: (1) education and training for designated school personnel
4.14on the management of students with life-threatening allergies, including training related to
4.15the administration of an epinephrine auto-injector; and (2) procedures for identification
4.16of anaphylaxis and responding to life-threatening allergic reactions. In developing the
4.17guidelines, the school must consider applicable model rules and include input from
4.18interested community stakeholders. The guidelines must include a requirement to call
4.19emergency medical services when an epinephrine auto-injector from the school's stock
4.20supply is administered. The governing body of a school shall make the guidelines and plan
4.21available on the governing authority's Web site or the Web site of each school under the
4.22governing authority's jurisdiction, or if the Web sites do not exist, make the plan publicly
4.23available through other practicable means as determined by the governing authority. Each
4.24school shall maintain a log of each incident at the school or related school event involving
4.25the administration of an epinephrine auto-injector.
4.26    Subd. 5. Immunity from liability. A school and its employees and agents,
4.27including a physician, advanced practice registered nurse, or physician assistant providing
4.28a prescription or standing protocol for school epinephrine auto-injectors, is immune from
4.29liability for any act or failure to act, made in good faith, in implementing this section. The
4.30immunity from liability provided under this subdivision is in addition to and not in lieu
4.31of that provided under section 604A.01.

4.32    Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 2012, section 604A.31, is amended by adding a subdivision
4.33to read:
4.34    Subd. 5. Administration of epinephrine auto-injectors. Schools and other persons
4.35involved in the development of protocols, providing prescriptions, and the administration
5.1of epinephrine auto-injectors are immune from liability as provided in section 121A.2207,
5.2subdivision 5.