Bill Text: VA SB489 | 2020 | Regular Session | Comm Sub

Bill Title: Criminal cases; authority to defer and dismiss.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 1-0)

Status: (Engrossed) 2020-02-14 - Assigned Courts sub: Criminal [SB489 Detail]

Download: Virginia-2020-SB489-Comm_Sub.html
(Proposed by the Senate Committee on the Judiciary
on February 5, 2020)
(Patron Prior to Substitute--Senator Surovell)
A BILL to amend the Code of Virginia by adding a section numbered 19.2-298.02, relating to authority to defer and dismiss a criminal case.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:

1. That the Code of Virginia is amended by adding a section numbered 19.2-298.02 as follows:

§19.2-298.02. Deferred disposition in a criminal case.

A. A trial court presiding in a criminal case may, after any plea or trial, with or without a determination, finding, or pronouncement of guilt, and notwithstanding the entry of a conviction order, upon consideration of the facts and circumstances of the case, including (i) mitigating factors relating to the defendant or the offense, (ii) the request of the victim, or (iii) any other appropriate factors upon motion of the defendant, upon its own motion with the consent of the defendant, or with the agreement of the defendant and the Commonwealth, defer proceedings, defer entry of a conviction order, if none, or defer entry of a final order, and continue the case for final disposition, on such reasonable terms and conditions as may be agreed upon by the parties and placed on the record, or if there is no agreement, as may be imposed by the court. Final disposition may include (a) conviction of the original charge, (b) conviction of an alternative charge, or (c) dismissal of the proceedings.

B. Upon violation of a term or condition, the court may enter an adjudication of guilt, if not already entered, and make any final disposition of the case provided by subsection A. Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court shall adjudicate the matter consistent with the agreement of the parties or if none, by conviction of an alternative charge or dismissal of the case.

C. By consenting to and receiving a deferral of proceedings or a deferral of entry of a final order of guilt and fulfilling the conditions as specified by the court as provided by subsection A, the defendant waives his right to appeal such entry of a final order of guilt.

Prior to granting a deferral of proceedings, a deferral of entry of a conviction order, if none, or a deferral of a final order, the court shall notify the defendant that he would be waiving his rights to appeal any final order of guilt if such deferral is granted.