US HB36 | 2015-2016 | 114th Congress

Status

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 184-3)
Status: Engrossed on May 14 2015 - 50% progression
Action: 2015-09-22 - Motion to proceed to consideration of measure withdrawn in Senate. (consideration: CR S6868)
Text: Latest bill text (Introduced) [PDF]

Summary

Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act Amends the federal criminal code to prohibit any person from performing or attempting to perform an abortion except in conformity with this Act's requirements. Requires the physician to first determine the probable post-fertilization age of the unborn child, or reasonably rely upon such a determination made by another physician, by making inquiries of the pregnant woman and performing such medical examinations and tests as a reasonably prudent physician would consider necessary. Prohibits an abortion from being performed if the probable post-fertilization age of the unborn child is 20 weeks or greater, except: (1) where necessary to save the life of a pregnant woman whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury, excluding psychological or emotional conditions; (2) where the pregnancy is the result of rape against an adult woman and, at least 48 hours prior to the abortion, such woman has obtained counseling for the rape or medical treatment for the rape or an injury related to the rape; or (3) where the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest against a minor and the rape or incest has been reported prior to the abortion to a law enforcement agency or a government agency legally authorized to act on reports of child abuse. Requires the physician, prior to performing such an abortion, to place appropriate documentation in the patient's medical file of the receipt of such medical treatment or counseling or of the reporting of such rape or incest. Permits a physician to terminate a pregnancy under such an exception only in the manner that provides the best opportunity for the unborn child to survive. Requires a physician performing an abortion under an exception provided by this Act, if (in reasonable medical judgement) the pain-capable unborn child has the potential to survive outside the womb, to ensure that a second physician trained in neonatal resuscitation is present and prepared to provide care to the child. Makes such requirements and the requirement to obtain an informed consent form inapplicable if compliance, in reasonable medical judgment, would pose a greater risk of: (1) the death of the pregnant woman; or (2) the substantial and irreversible physical impairment of a major bodily function, excluding psychological or emotional conditions, of the pregnant woman. Requires, when a physician performs or attempts an abortion in accordance with this Act and the child is born alive, that: any health care practitioner present at the time humanely exercise the same professional skill, care, and diligence to preserve the life and health of the child as would be exercised for a child born alive at the same gestational age in the course of a natural birth; the child born alive be immediately transported and admitted to a hospital; and a health care practitioner or any employee of a hospital, a physician's office, or an abortion clinic who has knowledge of a failure to comply with these requirements immediately report the failure to an appropriate state or federal law enforcement agency. Requires the physician who intends to perform an abortion under one of this Act's exceptions to first obtain a signed informed consent authorization form, which shall be presented in person by the physician and which shall consist of: a statement by the physician indicating the probable post-fertilization age of the pain-capable unborn child; a statement that federal law allows an abortion after 20 weeks fetal age only if the mother's life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury when the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest against a minor; a statement that the abortion must be performed by the method most likely to allow the child to be born alive unless this would cause significant risk to the mother; a statement that in any case in which an abortion procedure results in a child born alive, federal law requires that child to be given every form of medical assistance that is provided to children spontaneously born prematurely, including transportation and admittance to a hospital; a statement that these requirements are binding upon the physician and all other medical personnel who are subject to criminal and civil penalties and that a woman on whom an abortion has been performed may take civil action if these requirements are not followed; and affirmation that each signer has filled out the informed consent form to the best of their knowledge and understands the information contained in the form. Requires the form to be: (1) signed in person by the woman seeking the abortion, the physician performing the abortion, and a witness; and (2) retained in the patient's medical file for six years from the later of the date of its creation or the date when it last was in effect. Makes this Act's requirement for the exception, where the pregnancy is the result of rape against an adult woman, that the woman has obtained counseling or medical treatment for the rape at least 48 hours prior to the abortion inapplicable if the rape has been reported prior to the abortion to a law enforcement agency or Department of Defense victim assistance personnel. Requires a physician who performs an abortion under an exception provided by this Act to comply with: (1) such applicable state laws regarding reporting requirements in cases of rape or incest that are in effect as the state's Attorney General may designate, and (2) any applicable state laws requiring parental involvement in a minor's decision to have an abortion. Bars prosecution of a woman upon whom an abortion is performed in violation of this Act for violating or conspiring to violate this Act. Authorizes: (1) a woman upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted in violation of this Act to obtain appropriate relief in a civil action against any person who committed the violation, and (2) a parent of a minor upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted under an exception and that was performed in violation of this Act to obtain such relief unless the pregnancy resulted from the plaintiff's criminal conduct. Defines "appropriate relief" in a civil action to include: (1) objectively verifiable money damages for all injuries, psychological and physical, occasioned by the violation; (2) statutory damages equal to three times the cost of the abortion; and (3) punitive damages. Directs the court to award a reasonable attorney's fee: (1) as part of the costs to a prevailing plaintiff in a civil action under this Act, and (2) in favor of the defendant if a defendant in a civil action prevails and the court finds that the plaintiff's suit was frivolous. Prohibits assessing damages, attorney fees, or other monetary relief against the woman upon whom the abortion was performed or attempted, except in the case of attorney fees for the defendant where the plaintiff's suit was frivolous. Requires any physician who performs an abortion under this Act's exceptions to annually submit a summary of all such abortions to the National Center for Health Statistics. Directs the Center to annually issue a public report providing statistics by state for the previous year compiled from all of the summaries submitted to the Center. Defines "abortion" to mean the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device: (1) to intentionally kill an unborn child of a woman known to be pregnant; or (2) to intentionally terminate a pregnancy, with an intention other than to produce a live birth and preserve the life and health of the child after viability or to remove a dead unborn child.

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Title

Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act

Sponsors

Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ]Sen. Marsha Blackburn [R-TN]Rep. Bob Goodlatte [R-VA]Rep. Steve Chabot [R-OH]
Rep. Lynn Westmoreland [R-GA]Rep. Steve King [R-IA]Rep. Pete Olson [R-TX]Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC]
Rep. Dan Benishek [R-MI]Rep. Jeff Duncan [R-SC]Rep. Gus Bilirakis [R-FL]Rep. David McKinley [R-WV]
Rep. Ander Crenshaw [R-FL]Rep. Ted Yoho [R-FL]Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA]Rep. Bruce Westerman [R-AR]
Rep. Daniel Lipinski [D-IL]Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ]Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK]Rep. Sean Duffy [R-WI]
Rep. Tom Cole [R-OK]Rep. Andy Harris [R-MD]Rep. Bill Huizenga [R-MI]Rep. Stevan Pearce [R-NM]
Rep. Mike Kelly [R-PA]Rep. Walter Jones [R-NC]Rep. Kevin Brady [R-TX]Rep. Jeff Fortenberry [R-NE]
Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart [R-FL]Rep. Steven Palazzo [R-MS]Rep. Tom Graves [R-GA]Rep. Doug Collins [R-GA]
Rep. Keith Rothfus [R-PA]Rep. Matt Salmon [R-AZ]Rep. David Schweikert [R-AZ]Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX]
Rep. Larry Bucshon [R-IN]Rep. Brad Wenstrup [R-OH]Rep. Christopher Smith [R-NJ]Rep. Joseph Pitts [R-PA]
Rep. Charles Boustany [R-LA]Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen [R-FL]Rep. Stephen Fincher [R-TN]Rep. Bill Flores [R-TX]
Rep. David Roe [R-TN]Rep. Kevin Yoder [R-KS]Rep. Patrick Tiberi [R-OH]Rep. John Duncan [R-TN]
Rep. Pete Sessions [R-TX]Rep. Tom Marino [R-PA]Rep. David Jolly [R-FL]Rep. Bob Gibbs [R-OH]
Rep. Sam Johnson [R-TX]Rep. Morgan Griffith [R-VA]Rep. Jim Jordan [R-OH]Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX]
Rep. Adrian Smith [R-NE]Rep. Tim Huelskamp [R-KS]Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK]Rep. Martha Roby [R-AL]
Rep. Glenn Grothman [R-WI]Rep. Luke Messer [R-IN]Rep. Mo Brooks [R-AL]Rep. Rob Bishop [R-UT]
Rep. Michael Conaway [R-TX]Rep. John Shimkus [R-IL]Rep. Randy Neugebauer [R-TX]Rep. Chris Stewart [R-UT]
Rep. Brian Babin [R-TX]Rep. Tom Emmer [R-MN]Rep. Mike D. Rogers [R-AL]Rep. Rod Blum [R-IA]
Rep. Kenny Marchant [R-TX]Rep. Todd Rokita [R-IN]Rep. Garland Barr [R-KY]Rep. Mark Amodei [R-NV]
Rep. David Rouzer [R-NC]Rep. Carlos Curbelo [R-FL]Rep. Tim Walberg [R-MI]Rep. Mark Sanford [R-SC]
Rep. Doug Lamborn [R-CO]Rep. James Sensenbrenner [R-WI]Rep. Lynn Jenkins [R-KS]Rep. Bradley Byrne [R-AL]
Rep. Ron DeSantis [R-FL]Rep. Ryan Zinke [R-MT]Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC]Rep. David Joyce [R-OH]
Rep. Jeff Miller [R-FL]Rep. Lamar Smith [R-TX]Rep. Bill Johnson [R-OH]Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL]
Rep. Paul Cook [R-CA]Rep. Brett Guthrie [R-KY]Rep. John Fleming [R-LA]Rep. Steve Stivers [R-OH]
Rep. Mike Pompeo [R-KS]Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI]Rep. Scott Garrett [R-NJ]Rep. Ken Buck [R-CO]
Rep. Collin Peterson [D-MN]Rep. Eric Crawford [R-AR]Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH]Rep. Mark Walker [R-NC]
Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO]Rep. Richard Hudson [R-NC]Rep. Michael Burgess [R-TX]Rep. Richard Nugent [R-FL]
Rep. Gary Palmer [R-AL]Rep. Curt Clawson [R-FL]Rep. Steve Womack [R-AR]Rep. Michael Turner [R-OH]
Rep. Robert Hurt [R-VA]Rep. Justin Amash [R-MI]Rep. Dave Brat [R-VA]Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN]
Rep. Jason Smith [R-MO]Rep. Tom Reed [R-NY]Rep. Tim Murphy [R-PA]Rep. Robert Pittenger [R-NC]
Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA]Rep. Gregg Harper [R-MS]Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX]Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL]
Rep. Mick Mulvaney [R-SC]Rep. Tom Rice [R-SC]Sen. Kevin Cramer [R-ND]Rep. Diane Black [R-TN]
Rep. Alan Nunnelee [R-MS]Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK]Rep. Reid Ribble [R-WI]Sen. Todd Young [R-IN]
Rep. Blaine Luetkemeyer [R-MO]Rep. Rick Allen [R-GA]Rep. Bill Posey [R-FL]Rep. Patrick McHenry [R-NC]
Rep. Billy Long [R-MO]Rep. Alexander Mooney [R-WV]Rep. French Hill [R-AR]Rep. Daniel Webster [R-FL]
Rep. Michael McCaul [R-TX]Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL]Rep. Scott DesJarlais [R-TN]Rep. Robert Wittman [R-VA]
Rep. Jody Hice [R-GA]Rep. Harold Rogers [R-KY]Rep. John Culberson [R-TX]Rep. Lou Barletta [R-PA]
Rep. Charles Fleischmann [R-TN]Rep. Evan Jenkins [R-WV]Rep. John Kline [R-MN]Rep. Virginia Foxx [R-NC]
Rep. Frank Lucas [R-OK]Rep. Doug LaMalfa [R-CA]Rep. John Ratcliffe [R-TX]Rep. Randy Forbes [R-VA]
Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY]Rep. Michael Fitzpatrick [R-PA]Rep. George Holding [R-NC]Rep. Trey Gowdy [R-SC]
Rep. Randy Hultgren [R-IL]Rep. Bill Shuster [R-PA]Rep. Michael Simpson [R-ID]Rep. Randy Weber [R-TX]
Rep. Scott Perry [R-PA]Rep. Garret Graves [R-LA]Rep. John Carter [R-TX]Rep. Jeb Hensarling [R-TX]
Rep. John Mica [R-FL]Rep. Tom McClintock [R-CA]Rep. Jason Chaffetz [R-UT]Rep. Thomas Massie [R-KY]
Rep. Lee Zeldin [R-NY]Rep. Peter King [R-NY]Rep. Tom Price [R-GA]Rep. Mike Bost [R-IL]
Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU]Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA]Rep. Cresent Hardy [R-NV]Rep. Joe Barton [R-TX]
Rep. Austin Scott [R-GA]Rep. John Moolenaar [R-MI]Rep. Ralph Abraham [R-LA]Rep. Mia Love [R-UT]
Rep. Vicky Hartzler [R-MO]Rep. Jackie Walorski [R-IN]Rep. Steve Scalise [R-LA]

Roll Calls

2015-09-22 - Senate - On Cloture on the Motion to Proceed H.R. 36 (Y: 54 N: 42 NV: 4 Abs: 0) [FAIL]
2015-05-13 - House - On Passage (Y: 242 N: 184 NV: 6 Abs: 0) [PASS]
2015-05-13 - House - On Motion to Recommit with Instructions (Y: 181 N: 246 NV: 5 Abs: 0) [FAIL]
House - On Agreeing to the Resolution (Y: 240 N: 186 NV: 6 Abs: 0) [PASS]

History

DateChamberAction
2015-09-22SenateMotion to proceed to consideration of measure withdrawn in Senate. (consideration: CR S6868)
2015-09-22SenateCloture on the motion to proceed to the measure not invoked in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 54 - 42. Record Vote Number: 268. (consideration: CR S6864; text: CR S6864)
2015-09-22SenateMotion to proceed to measure considered in Senate. (consideration: CR S6860-6864, S6868)
2015-09-21SenateMotion to proceed to measure considered in Senate. (consideration: CR S6822-6847)
2015-09-17SenateCloture motion on the motion to proceed to the measure presented in Senate. (consideration: CR S6798; text: CR S6798)
2015-09-17SenateMotion to proceed to consideration of measure made in Senate. (consideration: CR S6798)
2015-09-16SenateRead the second time. Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 230.
2015-09-15SenateRead the first time. Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under Read the First Time.
2015-05-14SenateReceived in the Senate.
2015-05-13HouseOn passage Passed by recorded vote: 242 - 184, 1 Present (Roll no. 223). (text: CR H2924-2926)
2015-05-13HouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
2015-05-13HouseOn motion to recommit with instructions Failed by the Yeas and Nays: 181 - 246 (Roll no. 222). (consideration: CR H2937-2938)
2015-05-13HouseThe previous question on the motion to recommit with instructions was ordered without objection. (consideration: CR H2937)
2015-05-13HouseFloor summary: DEBATE - The House proceeded with ten minutes of debate on the Brownley (CA) motion to recommit with instructions. The instructions contained in the motion seek to require the bill to be reported back to the House with an amendment to stipulate that the underlying bill would protect both the health and life of the mother.
2015-05-13HouseMs. Brownley (CA) moved to recommit with instructions to the Committee on the Judiciary. (consideration: CR H2936; text: CR H2936)
2015-05-13HouseThe previous question was ordered pursuant to the rule. (consideration: CR H2936)
2015-05-13HouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with one hour of debate on H.R. 36.
2015-05-13HouseProviding for consideration of H.R. 1735, H.R. 36, and H.R. 2048
2015-05-13HouseConsidered under the provisions of rule H. Res. 255. (consideration: CR H2923-2939)
2015-05-12HouseRules Committee Resolution H. Res. 255 Reported to House. Providing for consideration of H.R. 1735, H.R. 36, and H.R. 2048
2015-01-22HouseReferred to the Subcommittee on the Constitution and Civil Justice.
2015-01-21HouseRule H. Res. 38 passed House.
2015-01-20HouseRules Committee Resolution H. Res. 38 Reported to House. The rule provides for one hour of debate on each measure. The resolution waives all points of order against consideration of the bills. The resolution provides that the bills shall be considered as read. The resolution waives all points of order against provisions in the bills. The resolution provides one motion to recommit per bill.
2015-01-06HouseReferred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.
2015-01-06HouseIntroduced in House

Same As/Similar To

HR38 (Related) 2015-01-21 - Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
HR255 (Related) 2015-05-13 - On agreeing to the resolution Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: 240 - 186 (Roll no. 221). (text: CR H2892)
SB1553 (Related) 2016-03-15 - Committee on the Judiciary. Hearings held.

Subjects


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Bill Comments

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