Bill Text: TX SB109 | 2021-2022 | 87th Legislature | Introduced


Bill Title: Relating to the criminal offense of fraudulent securing of document execution.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 1-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2021-03-03 - Referred to Criminal Justice [SB109 Detail]

Download: Texas-2021-SB109-Introduced.html
  87R1209 TSS-F
 
  By: West S.B. No. 109
 
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
  relating to the criminal offense of fraudulent securing of document
  execution.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  The heading to Section 32.46, Penal Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Sec. 32.46.  FRAUDULENT SECURING OF DOCUMENT EXECUTION [OF
  DOCUMENT BY DECEPTION].
         SECTION 2.  Section 32.46(a), Penal Code, is amended to read
  as follows:
         (a)  A person commits an offense if the person, with the
  intent to defraud or harm any person[, he, by deception]:
               (1)  causes another person, without that person's
  effective consent, to sign or execute any document affecting
  property or service or the pecuniary interest of any person; or
               (2)  causes [or induces] a public servant, without the
  public servant's effective consent, to file or record any purported
  judgment or other document purporting to memorialize or evidence an
  act, an order, a directive, or process of:
                     (A)  a purported court that is not expressly
  created or established under the constitution or the laws of this
  state or of the United States;
                     (B)  a purported judicial entity that is not
  expressly created or established under the constitution or laws of
  this state or of the United States; or
                     (C)  a purported judicial officer of a purported
  court or purported judicial entity described by Paragraph (A) or
  (B).
         SECTION 3.  Section 32.46(d), Penal Code, is amended by
  adding Subdivision (3) to read as follows:
               (3)  "Effective consent" includes consent by a person
  legally authorized to act for the owner. Consent is not effective
  if:
                     (A)  induced by deception or coercion;
                     (B)  given by a person who by reason of youth,
  mental disease or defect, or intoxication is known by the actor to
  be unable to make reasonable property dispositions; or
                     (C)  given by a person who by reason of advanced
  age is known by the actor to have a diminished capacity to make
  informed and rational decisions about the reasonable disposition of
  property.
         SECTION 4.  Section 33.013(b), Civil Practice and Remedies
  Code, is amended to read as follows:
         (b)  Notwithstanding Subsection (a), each liable defendant
  is, in addition to the defendant's [his] liability under Subsection
  (a), jointly and severally liable for the damages recoverable by
  the claimant under Section 33.012 with respect to a cause of action
  if:
               (1)  the percentage of responsibility attributed to the
  defendant with respect to a cause of action is greater than 50
  percent; or
               (2)  the defendant, with the specific intent to do harm
  to others, acted in concert with another person to engage in the
  conduct described in the following provisions of the Penal Code and
  in so doing proximately caused the damages legally recoverable by
  the claimant:
                     (A)  Section 19.02 (murder);
                     (B)  Section 19.03 (capital murder);
                     (C)  Section 20.04 (aggravated kidnapping);
                     (D)  Section 22.02 (aggravated assault);
                     (E)  Section 22.011 (sexual assault);
                     (F)  Section 22.021 (aggravated sexual assault);
                     (G)  Section 22.04 (injury to a child, elderly
  individual, or disabled individual);
                     (H)  Section 32.21 (forgery);
                     (I)  Section 32.43 (commercial bribery);
                     (J)  Section 32.45 (misapplication of fiduciary
  property or property of financial institution);
                     (K)  Section 32.46 (fraudulent securing of
  document execution [of document by deception]);
                     (L)  Section 32.47 (fraudulent destruction,
  removal, or concealment of writing);
                     (M)  conduct described in Chapter 31 the
  punishment level for which is a felony of the third degree or
  higher; or
                     (N)  Section 21.02 (continuous sexual abuse of
  young child or children).
         SECTION 5.  Section 41.008(c), Civil Practice and Remedies
  Code, is amended to read as follows:
         (c)  This section does not apply to a cause of action against
  a defendant from whom a plaintiff seeks recovery of exemplary
  damages based on conduct described as a felony in the following
  sections of the Penal Code if, except for Sections 49.07 and 49.08,
  the conduct was committed knowingly or intentionally:
               (1)  Section 19.02 (murder);
               (2)  Section 19.03 (capital murder);
               (3)  Section 20.04 (aggravated kidnapping);
               (4)  Section 22.02 (aggravated assault);
               (5)  Section 22.011 (sexual assault);
               (6)  Section 22.021 (aggravated sexual assault);
               (7)  Section 22.04 (injury to a child, elderly
  individual, or disabled individual, but not if the conduct occurred
  while providing health care as defined by Section 74.001 of this
  code);
               (8)  Section 32.21 (forgery);
               (9)  Section 32.43 (commercial bribery);
               (10)  Section 32.45 (misapplication of fiduciary
  property or property of financial institution);
               (11)  Section 32.46 (fraudulent securing of document 
  execution [of document by deception]);
               (12)  Section 32.47 (fraudulent destruction, removal,
  or concealment of writing);
               (13)  Chapter 31 (theft) the punishment level for which
  is a felony of the third degree or higher;
               (14)  Section 49.07 (intoxication assault);
               (15)  Section 49.08 (intoxication manslaughter);
               (16)  Section 21.02 (continuous sexual abuse of young
  child or children); or
               (17)  Chapter 20A (trafficking of persons).
         SECTION 6.  Article 12.01, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 12.01.  FELONIES. Except as provided in Article 12.03,
  felony indictments may be presented within these limits, and not
  afterward:
               (1)  no limitation:
                     (A)  murder and manslaughter;
                     (B)  sexual assault under Section 22.011(a)(2),
  Penal Code, or aggravated sexual assault under Section
  22.021(a)(1)(B), Penal Code;
                     (C)  sexual assault, if:
                           (i)  during the investigation of the offense
  biological matter is collected and the matter:
                                 (a)  has not yet been subjected to
  forensic DNA testing; or
                                 (b)  has been subjected to forensic DNA
  testing and the testing results show that the matter does not match
  the victim or any other person whose identity is readily
  ascertained; or
                           (ii)  probable cause exists to believe that
  the defendant has committed the same or a similar sex offense
  against five or more victims;
                     (D)  continuous sexual abuse of young child or
  children under Section 21.02, Penal Code;
                     (E)  indecency with a child under Section 21.11,
  Penal Code;
                     (F)  an offense involving leaving the scene of an
  accident under Section 550.021, Transportation Code, if the
  accident resulted in the death of a person;
                     (G)  trafficking of persons under Section
  20A.02(a)(7) or (8), Penal Code;
                     (H)  continuous trafficking of persons under
  Section 20A.03, Penal Code; or
                     (I)  compelling prostitution under Section
  43.05(a)(2), Penal Code;
               (2)  ten years from the date of the commission of the
  offense:
                     (A)  theft of any estate, real, personal or mixed,
  by an executor, administrator, guardian or trustee, with intent to
  defraud any creditor, heir, legatee, ward, distributee,
  beneficiary or settlor of a trust interested in such estate;
                     (B)  theft by a public servant of government
  property over which the public servant exercises control in the
  public servant's official capacity;
                     (C)  forgery or the uttering, using or passing of
  forged instruments;
                     (D)  injury to an elderly or disabled individual
  punishable as a felony of the first degree under Section 22.04,
  Penal Code;
                     (E)  sexual assault, except as provided by
  Subdivision (1) or (7);
                     (F)  arson;
                     (G)  trafficking of persons under Section
  20A.02(a)(1), (2), (3), or (4), Penal Code; or
                     (H)  compelling prostitution under Section
  43.05(a)(1), Penal Code;
               (3)  seven years from the date of the commission of the
  offense:
                     (A)  misapplication of fiduciary property or
  property of a financial institution;
                     (B)  fraudulent securing of document execution
  [of document by deception];
                     (C)  a felony violation under Chapter 162, Tax
  Code;
                     (D)  false statement to obtain property or credit
  under Section 32.32, Penal Code;
                     (E)  money laundering;
                     (F)  credit card or debit card abuse under Section
  32.31, Penal Code;
                     (G)  fraudulent use or possession of identifying
  information under Section 32.51, Penal Code;
                     (H)  exploitation of a child, elderly individual,
  or disabled individual under Section 32.53, Penal Code;
                     (I)  health care fraud under Section 35A.02, Penal
  Code; or
                     (J)  bigamy under Section 25.01, Penal Code,
  except as provided by Subdivision (6);
               (4)  five years from the date of the commission of the
  offense:
                     (A)  theft or robbery;
                     (B)  except as provided by Subdivision (5),
  kidnapping or burglary;
                     (C)  injury to an elderly or disabled individual
  that is not punishable as a felony of the first degree under Section
  22.04, Penal Code;
                     (D)  abandoning or endangering a child; or
                     (E)  insurance fraud;
               (5)  if the investigation of the offense shows that the
  victim is younger than 17 years of age at the time the offense is
  committed, 20 years from the 18th birthday of the victim of one of
  the following offenses:
                     (A)  sexual performance by a child under Section
  43.25, Penal Code;
                     (B)  aggravated kidnapping under Section
  20.04(a)(4), Penal Code, if the defendant committed the offense
  with the intent to violate or abuse the victim sexually; or
                     (C)  burglary under Section 30.02, Penal Code, if
  the offense is punishable under Subsection (d) of that section and
  the defendant committed the offense with the intent to commit an
  offense described by Subdivision (1)(B) or (D) of this article or
  Paragraph (B) of this subdivision;
               (6)  ten years from the 18th birthday of the victim of
  the offense:
                     (A)  trafficking of persons under Section
  20A.02(a)(5) or (6), Penal Code;
                     (B)  injury to a child under Section 22.04, Penal
  Code; or
                     (C)  bigamy under Section 25.01, Penal Code, if
  the investigation of the offense shows that the person, other than
  the legal spouse of the defendant, whom the defendant marries or
  purports to marry or with whom the defendant lives under the
  appearance of being married is younger than 18 years of age at the
  time the offense is committed;
               (7)  two years from the date the offense was
  discovered: sexual assault punishable as a state jail felony under
  Section 22.011(f)(2), Penal Code; or
               (8)  three years from the date of the commission of the
  offense: all other felonies.
         SECTION 7.  Section 250.006(b), Health and Safety Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (b)  A person may not be employed in a position the duties of
  which involve direct contact with a consumer in a facility or may
  not be employed by an individual employer before the fifth
  anniversary of the date the person is convicted of:
               (1)  an offense under Section 22.01, Penal Code
  (assault), that is punishable as a Class A misdemeanor or as a
  felony;
               (2)  an offense under Section 30.02, Penal Code
  (burglary);
               (3)  an offense under Chapter 31, Penal Code (theft),
  that is punishable as a felony;
               (4)  an offense under Section 32.45, Penal Code
  (misapplication of fiduciary property or property of financial
  institution), that is punishable as a Class A misdemeanor or a
  felony;
               (5)  an offense under Section 32.46, Penal Code
  (fraudulent securing of document execution [of document by
  deception]), that is punishable as a Class A misdemeanor or a
  felony;
               (6)  an offense under Section 37.12, Penal Code (false
  identification as peace officer; misrepresentation of property);
  or
               (7)  an offense under Section 42.01(a)(7), (8), or (9),
  Penal Code (disorderly conduct).
         SECTION 8.  The change in law made by this Act applies only
  to an offense committed on or after the effective date of this Act.
  An offense committed before the effective date of this Act is
  governed by the law in effect on the date the offense was committed,
  and the former law is continued in effect for that purpose. For
  purposes of this section, an offense was committed before the
  effective date of this Act if any element of the offense was
  committed before that date.
         SECTION 9.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2021.
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