Bill Text: TX HB365 | 2021-2022 | 87th Legislature | Enrolled


Bill Title: Relating to liability arising from farm animals.

Spectrum: Moderate Partisan Bill (Republican 11-3)

Status: (Passed) 2021-06-04 - Effective on 9/1/21 [HB365 Detail]

Download: Texas-2021-HB365-Enrolled.html
 
 
  H.B. No. 365
 
 
 
 
AN ACT
  relating to liability arising from farm animals.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  The heading to Chapter 87, Civil Practice and
  Remedies Code, is amended to read as follows:
  CHAPTER 87. LIABILITY ARISING FROM FARM ANIMALS [ANIMAL ACTIVITIES
  OR LIVESTOCK SHOWS]
         SECTION 2.  Section 87.001, Civil Practice and Remedies
  Code, is amended by amending Subdivisions (1), (2-a), (3), (4),
  (5), (6-a), and (9) and adding Subdivision (2-b) to read as follows:
               (1)  "Engages in a farm animal activity" means riding,
  handling, training, driving, loading, unloading, feeding,
  vaccinating, exercising, weaning, transporting, producing,
  herding, corralling, branding, or dehorning of, assisting in or
  providing health management activities for, assisting in the
  medical treatment of, being a passenger on, or assisting a
  participant or sponsor with a farm animal. The term includes
  management of a show involving farm animals and engagement in
  routine or customary activities on a farm to handle and manage farm
  animals. The term does not include being a spectator at a farm
  animal activity unless the spectator is in an unauthorized area and
  in immediate proximity to the farm animal activity.
               (2-a)  "Farm" means any real estate, land area,
  facility, or ranch used wholly or partly for raising, cultivating,
  propagating, fattening, grazing, or any other farming, livestock,
  agricultural, apicultural, or aquacultural operation.
               (2-b)  "Farm animal" means:
                     (A)  an equine animal;
                     (B)  a bovine animal;
                     (C)  a sheep or goat;
                     (D)  a pig or hog;
                     (E)  a ratite, including an ostrich, rhea, or emu;
  [or]
                     (F)  a chicken or other fowl; or
                     (G)  a honeybee kept in a managed colony.
               (3)  "Farm animal activity" means:
                     (A)  a farm animal show, fair, competition,
  performance, rodeo, event, or parade that involves any farm animal;
                     (B)  training or teaching activities involving a
  farm animal;
                     (C)  owning, raising, boarding, or pasturing a
  farm animal, including daily care;
                     (D)  riding, inspecting, evaluating, handling,
  transporting, loading, or unloading a farm animal belonging to
  another, without regard to whether the owner receives monetary
  consideration or other thing of value for the use of the farm animal
  or permits a prospective purchaser of the farm animal to ride,
  inspect, evaluate, handle, load, or unload the farm animal;
                     (E)  informal farm animal activity, including a
  ride, trip, or hunt that is sponsored by a farm animal activity
  sponsor or a farm owner or lessee;
                     (F)  placing or replacing horseshoes on an equine
  animal;
                     (G)  examining or administering medical treatment
  to a farm animal by a veterinarian; [or]
                     (H)  assisting in or providing animal health
  management activities, including vaccination; 
                     (I)  assisting in or conducting customary tasks on
  a farm concerning farm animals;
                     (J)  transporting or moving a farm animal; or
                     (K)  without regard to whether the participants
  are compensated, rodeos and single event competitions, including
  team roping, calf roping, and single steer roping.
               (4)  "Farm animal activity sponsor" means:
                     (A)  a person or group who sponsors, owns,
  organizes, or provides the facilities for a farm animal activity,
  including facilities for a pony club, 4-H club, hunt club, riding
  club, therapeutic riding program, or high school or college class,
  program, or activity, without regard to whether the person operates
  for profit; or
                     (B)  an owner or operator of, instructor at, or
  promoter for facilities, including a stable, clubhouse, pony ride
  string, fair, or arena at which a farm animal activity is held.
               (5)  "Farm animal professional" means a person engaged
  for compensation:
                     (A)  to instruct a participant or rent to a
  participant a farm animal for the purpose of riding, driving, or
  being a passenger on the farm animal;
                     (B)  to rent equipment or tack to a participant;
                     (C)  to examine or administer medical treatment to
  a farm animal as a veterinarian or to provide nonmedical care or
  treatment to a farm animal, including vaccination; [or]
                     (D)  to provide veterinarian or farrier services;
                     (E)  to assist in or provide animal health
  management activities, including vaccination;
                     (F)  to provide other care, feeding, and husbandry
  of farm animals;
                     (G)  to assist in or conduct customary tasks on a
  farm concerning farm animals; or
                     (H)  to transport or move a farm animal.
               (6-a) "Livestock producer" means a person who owns,
  handles, breeds, raises, buys, sells, or feeds livestock animals.
               (9)  "Participant" means:
                     (A)  with respect to a farm animal activity, a
  person who engages in the activity, without regard to whether the
  person:
                           (i)  is an amateur or professional;
                           (ii) [or whether the person] pays for the
  activity or participates in the activity for free; or
                           (iii)  is an independent contractor or
  employee; and
                     (B)  with respect to a livestock show, a person
  who registers for and is allowed by a livestock show sponsor to
  compete in a livestock show by showing an animal on a competitive
  basis, or a person who assists that person.
         SECTION 3.  Chapter 87, Civil Practice and Remedies Code, is
  amended by adding Section 87.0021 to read as follows:
         Sec. 87.0021.  CERTAIN LABOR LAWS NOT AFFECTED. Nothing in
  this chapter affects the applicability of Chapter 406, Labor Code,
  or an employer's ability to refuse to subscribe to the workers'
  compensation system.
         SECTION 4.  Sections 87.003 and 87.004, Civil Practice and
  Remedies Code, are amended to read as follows:
         Sec. 87.003.  LIMITATION ON LIABILITY. Except as provided
  by Section 87.004, all persons [any person], including a farm
  animal activity sponsor, farm animal professional, farm owner or
  lessee, livestock producer, livestock show participant, or
  livestock show sponsor, are [is] not liable for property damage or
  damages arising from the personal injury or death of a participant
  in a farm animal activity or livestock show if the property damage,
  injury, or death results from the dangers or conditions that are an
  inherent risk of a farm animal, a farm animal activity, [or] the
  showing of an animal on a competitive basis in a livestock show, or
  the raising or handling of livestock on a farm, including:
               (1)  the propensity of a farm animal or livestock
  animal to behave in ways that may result in personal injury or death
  to a person on the animal, handling the animal, or otherwise around
  the animal [it];
               (2)  the unpredictability of a farm animal's or
  livestock animal's reaction to sound, a sudden movement, or an
  unfamiliar object, person, or other animal;
               (3)  with respect to farm animal activities involving
  equine animals, certain land conditions and hazards, including
  surface and subsurface conditions;
               (4)  a collision with another animal or an object; or
               (5)  the potential of a participant to act in a
  negligent manner that may contribute to injury to the participant
  or another, including failing to maintain control over a farm
  animal or livestock animal or not acting within the participant's
  ability.
         Sec. 87.004.  EXCEPTIONS TO LIMITATION ON LIABILITY. A
  person, including a farm animal activity sponsor, farm animal
  professional, farm owner or lessee, livestock show participant, or
  livestock show sponsor, may be [is] liable for property damage or
  damages arising from the personal injury or death caused by a
  participant in a farm animal activity or livestock show if:
               (1)  the injury or death was caused by faulty equipment
  or tack used in the farm animal activity or livestock show, the
  person provided the equipment or tack, and the person knew or should
  have known that the equipment or tack was faulty;
               (2)  the person provided the farm animal or livestock
  animal and the person did not make a reasonable and prudent effort
  to determine the ability of the participant to engage safely in the
  farm animal activity, including a work activity, or livestock show
  and determine the ability of the participant to safely manage the
  farm animal or livestock animal, taking into account the
  participant's representations of ability;
               (3)  the injury or death was caused by a dangerous
  latent condition of land for which warning signs, written notices,
  or verbal warnings were not conspicuously posted or provided to the
  participant, and the land was owned, leased, or otherwise under the
  control of the person at the time of the injury or death and the
  person knew of the dangerous latent condition;
               (4)  the person committed an act or omission with
  wilful or wanton disregard for the safety of the participant and
  that act or omission caused the injury;
               (5)  the person intentionally caused the property
  damage, injury, or death; or
               (6)  with respect to a livestock show, the injury or
  death occurred as a result of an activity connected with the
  livestock show and the person invited or otherwise allowed the
  injured or deceased person to participate in the activity and the
  injured or deceased person was not a participant as defined by
  Section 87.001(9)(B).
         SECTION 5.  Sections 87.005(a), (b), and (c), Civil Practice
  and Remedies Code, are amended to read as follows:
         (a)  A farm animal professional or a farm owner or lessee
  shall post and maintain a sign that contains the warning contained
  in Subsection (c) if the professional, owner, or lessee manages or
  controls a farm, stable, corral, or arena where the professional,
  owner, or lessee conducts a farm animal activity. The professional,
  owner, or lessee must post the sign in a clearly visible location on
  or near the stable, corral, or arena.
         (b)  A farm animal professional or a farm owner or lessee
  shall include the warning contained in Subsection (c) in every
  written contract that the professional, owner, or lessee enters
  into with a participant, including an employee or independent
  contractor, for professional services, instruction, or the rental
  of equipment or tack or a farm animal. The warning must be included
  without regard to whether the contract involves farm animal
  activities on or off the location or site of the business of the
  farm animal professional or farm owner or lessee. The warning must
  be clearly readable.
         (c)  The warning posted by a farm animal professional or a
  farm owner or lessee under this section must be as follows:
  WARNING
  UNDER TEXAS LAW (CHAPTER 87, CIVIL PRACTICE AND REMEDIES CODE), A
  FARM ANIMAL PROFESSIONAL OR FARM OWNER OR LESSEE IS NOT LIABLE FOR
  AN INJURY TO OR THE DEATH OF A PARTICIPANT IN FARM ANIMAL
  ACTIVITIES, INCLUDING AN EMPLOYEE OR INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR,
  RESULTING FROM THE INHERENT RISKS OF FARM ANIMAL ACTIVITIES.
         SECTION 6.  The change in law made by this Act applies only
  to a cause of action that accrues on or after the effective date of
  this Act. A cause of action that accrued before the effective date
  of this Act is governed by the law as it existed immediately before
  the effective date of this Act, and that law is continued in effect
  for that purpose.
         SECTION 7.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2021.
 
 
  ______________________________ ______________________________
     President of the Senate Speaker of the House     
 
 
         I certify that H.B. No. 365 was passed by the House on April
  1, 2021, by the following vote:  Yeas 147, Nays 0, 1 present, not
  voting.
 
  ______________________________
  Chief Clerk of the House   
 
 
         I certify that H.B. No. 365 was passed by the Senate on May
  19, 2021, by the following vote:  Yeas 31, Nays 0.
 
  ______________________________
  Secretary of the Senate    
  APPROVED:  _____________________
                     Date          
   
            _____________________
                   Governor       
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