Bill Text: MS HB1377 | 2020 | Regular Session | Engrossed


Bill Title: Corrections omnibus bill; enact.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 5-0)

Status: (Failed) 2020-06-17 - Died On Calendar [HB1377 Detail]

Download: Mississippi-2020-HB1377-Engrossed.html

MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE

2020 Regular Session

To: Corrections; Appropriations

By: Representatives Horan, Mickens, Porter, Karriem, Faulkner

House Bill 1377

(As Passed the House)

AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-3, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PRESCRIBE CONDITIONS FOR PAROLE ELIGIBILITY AND TO PROVIDE LIMITATIONS ON INMATE ELIGIBILITY TO PETITION THE SENTENCING COURT FOR PAROLE ELIGIBILITY IF THE INMATE IS SERVING A SENTENCE FOR A CRIME OF VIOLENCE OR NONVIOLENCE; TO PROVIDE THAT ANY PERSON WHO WAS UNDER AGE EIGHTEEN WHEN HE OR SHE COMMITTED A CRIME AND IS NOT OTHERWISE ELIGIBLE FOR PAROLE, SHALL BE ELIGIBLE FOR PAROLE UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES; TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-3.1, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PRESCRIBE DATES FOR THE MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS TO COMPLETE CASE PLANS FOR PAROLE-ELIGIBLE INMATES TO ENSURE THAT THE PLAN IS ACHIEVABLE; TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-5, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO REQUIRE AN AFFIRMATIVE VOTE OF AT LEAST THREE MEMBERS OF THE MISSISSIPPI PAROLE BOARD TO GRANT PAROLE TO AN INMATE CONVICTED OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE AFTER JUNE 30 1995; TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-13, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO REQUIRE AN AFFIRMATIVE VOTE OF AT LEAST FOUR MEMBERS OF THE MISSISSIPPI PAROLE BOARD TO GRANT PAROLE TO A SEX OFFENDER; TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-15, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, IN CONFORMITY; TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-17, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO PROVIDE THAT THE VICTIM OR DESIGNATED FAMILY MEMBER SHALL BE PROVIDED AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE HEARD BY THE PAROLE BOARD PRIOR TO A PAROLE DECISION; TO AMEND SECTION 47-7-18, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO REQUIRE CERTAIN PAROLE HEARINGS FOR SEX OFFENDERS; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-33.1, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, REGARDING DEPARTMENT DISCHARGE PLANS FOR RELEASED INMATES; TO REPEAL SECTION 47-7-3.2, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH PROVIDES A MINIMUM TIME OFFENDERS CONVICTED OF A CRIME OF VIOLENCE MUST SERVE BEFORE RELEASE AND A MINIMUM PERCENTAGE OF OTHER SENTENCES OTHER OFFENDERS MUST SERVE BEFORE RELEASE; TO AMEND SECTION 47-5-28, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF TRANSITIONAL REENTRY CENTER BEDS; TO BRING FORWARD SECTIONS 47-5-931, 47-5-933 AND 47-5-938, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATE TO THE INCARCERATION OF STATE OFFENDERS IN CERTAIN FACILITIES, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-4, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO CONDITIONAL MEDICAL RELEASE, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-27, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE RETURN OF A VIOLATOR OF PAROLE OR EARNED RELEASE SUPERVISION, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-33, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE POWER OF THE COURT TO PLACE DEFENDANTS ON PROBATION, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-34, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE POST-RELEASE SUPERVISION PROGRAM, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-35, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF PROBATION, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-36, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO PERSONS WHO SUPERVISE THOSE ON PROBATION OR PAROLE, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-37, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE PERIOD OF PROBATION THAT IS SET BY A COURT, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-37.1, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE REVOCATION OF PROBATION OR POST-RELEASE SUPERVISION, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 47-7-49, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES  TO THE COMMUNITY SERVICE REVOLVING FUND, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 45-1-3, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE RULE MAKING POWER OF THE COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC SAFETY, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTION 9-23-11, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATES TO THE UNIFORM CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOR INTERVENTION AND CERTAIN OTHER COURTS, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; TO BRING FORWARD SECTIONS 99-39-5 AND 99-39-27, MISSISSIPPI CODE OF 1972, WHICH RELATE TO CERTAIN POST-CONVICTION PROCEEDINGS, FOR PURPOSES OF POSSIBLE AMENDMENT; AND FOR RELATED PURPOSES.

     BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI:

     SECTION 1.  Section 47-7-3, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-3.  (1)  Every prisoner who has been convicted of any offense against the State of Mississippi, and is confined in the execution of a judgment of such conviction in the Mississippi Department of Corrections for a definite term or terms of one (1) year or over, or for the term of his or her natural life, whose record of conduct shows that such prisoner has observed the rules of the department, and who has served not less than one-fourth (1/4) of the total of such term or terms for which such prisoner was sentenced, or, * * * if sentenced to serve a term or terms of thirty (30) years or more, or, if sentenced for the term of the natural life of such prisoner * * *, and has served not less than ten (10) years of such life sentence, may be released on parole as * * * hereinafter provided, except that set forth herein:

          (a)  Habitual offenders.  No prisoner * * * convicted sentenced as a confirmed and habitual criminal under the provisions of Sections 99-19-81 through 99-19-87 shall be eligible for parole;

          (b)  Sex offenders.  Any person who shall have been convicted of a sex crime shall not be released on parole except for a person under the age of nineteen (19) who has been convicted under Section 97-3-67;

 * * *  (c)  (i)  No person shall be eligible for parole who shall, on or after January 1, 1977, be convicted of robbery or attempted robbery through the display of a firearm until he shall have served ten (10) years if sentenced to a term or terms of more than ten (10) years or if sentenced for the term of the natural life of such person.  If such person is sentenced to a term or terms of ten (10) years or less, then such person shall not be eligible for parole.  The provisions of this paragraph (c)(i) shall also apply to any person who shall commit robbery or attempted robbery on or after July 1, 1982, through the display of a deadly weapon.  This paragraph (c)(i) shall not apply to persons convicted after September 30, 1994;

   (ii)  No person shall be eligible for parole who shall, on or after October 1, 1994, be convicted of robbery, attempted robbery or carjacking as provided in Section 97‑3‑115 et seq., through the display of a firearm or drive‑by shooting as provided in Section 97‑3‑109.  The provisions of this paragraph (c)(ii) shall also apply to any person who shall commit robbery, attempted robbery, carjacking or a drive‑by shooting on or after October 1, 1994, through the display of a deadly weapon.  This paragraph (c)(ii) shall not apply to persons convicted after July 1, 2014;

          ( * * *dc)  No person shall be eligible for parole who, on or after July 1, 1994, is * * * charged, tried, convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment without eligibility for parole under the provisions of Section 99-19-101;

          ( * * *ed)  No person shall be eligible for parole who is * * * charged, tried, convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment under the provisions of Section 99‑19‑101 convicted of an offense that specifically prohibits parole release;

 * * *  (f)  No person shall be eligible for parole who is convicted or whose suspended sentence is revoked after June 30, 1995, except that an offender convicted of only nonviolent crimes after June 30, 1995, may be eligible for parole if the offender meets the requirements in this subsection (1) and this paragraph.  In addition to other requirements, if an offender is convicted of a drug or driving under the influence felony, the offender must complete a drug and alcohol rehabilitation program prior to parole or the offender may be required to complete a post‑release drug and alcohol program as a condition of parole.  For purposes of this paragraph, "nonviolent crime" means a felony other than homicide, robbery, manslaughter, sex crimes, arson, burglary of an occupied dwelling, aggravated assault, kidnapping, felonious abuse of vulnerable adults, felonies with enhanced penalties, except enhanced penalties for the crime of possession of a controlled substance under Section 41‑29‑147, the sale or manufacture of a controlled substance under the Uniform Controlled Substances Law, felony child abuse, or exploitation or any crime under Section 97‑5‑33 or Section 97‑5‑39(2) or 97‑5‑39(1)(b), 97‑5‑39(1)(c) or a violation of Section 63‑11‑30(5).  In addition, an offender incarcerated for committing the crime of possession of a controlled substance under the Uniform Controlled Substances Law after July 1, 1995, including an offender who receives an enhanced penalty under the provisions of Section 41‑29‑147 for such possession, shall be eligible for parole.  An offender incarcerated for committing the crime of sale or manufacture of a controlled substance shall be eligible for parole after serving one‑fourth (1/4) of the sentence imposed by the trial court.  This paragraph (f) shall not apply to persons convicted on or after July 1, 2014;

          ( * * *geParole for violent, nonviolent offenses.  (i) * * *  No person who, on or after July 1, 2014, is convicted of a crime of violence pursuant to Section 97‑3‑2, a sex crime or an offense that specifically prohibits parole release, shall be eligible for parole.  Except as provided in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this subsection, all persons who are convicted after June 30, 1995, of a violent crime, as defined by Section 97-3-2, shall be eligible for parole after they have served fifty percent (50%) of the sentence or sentences imposed by the trial court or twenty (20) years, whichever is less.  All persons convicted of any other offense * * * on or after * * * July 1, 2014 June 30, 1995, * * * are shall be eligible for parole after they have served * * * one‑fourth (1/4) twenty-five percent (25%) of the sentence or sentences imposed by the trial court or ten (10) years, whichever is lessAll persons eligible for parole under this subsection who are serving a sentence or sentences pursuant to Section 97-3-2 shall be required to have a parole hearing before the board, pursuant to Section 47-7-17, prior to parole release.

              (ii)  Geriatric parole. * * *  Notwithstanding the provisions in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph (g),  A person serving a sentence who has reached the age of sixty (60) or older and who has served no less than ten (10) years of the sentence or sentences imposed by the trial court shall be eligible for parole.  Any person eligible for parole under this subsection shall be required to have a parole hearing before the board, pursuant to Section 47-7-17, prior to parole release.  No inmate shall be eligible for parole under this subparagraph (ii) * * * of this subsection if:

 * * *    1.  The inmate is sentenced as a habitual offender under Sections 99‑19‑81 through 99‑19‑87;

                    * * *21.  The inmate is sentenced * * * for a crime of violence under Section 97‑3‑2 to life imprisonment without eligibility for parole under the provisions of Section 99-19-101;

                    * * *32.  The inmate is sentenced for an offense that specifically prohibits parole release;

 * * *    4.  The inmate is sentenced for trafficking in controlled substances under Section 41‑29‑139(f);

                    * * *53.  The inmate is sentenced for a sex crime; or

                    * * *64.  The inmate has not served * * * one‑fourth (1/4) twenty-five percent (25%) of the sentence imposed by the court.

              (iii)  Notwithstanding * * * the provisions of paragraph (a) of this subsection, any other provision of law any offender who * * * has not committed a crime of violence under Section 97‑3‑2 and has served twenty-five percent (25%) or more of * * * his the sentence or sentences imposed by the trial court or ten (10) years, whichever is less, may be paroled by the parole board if * * *, after the sentencing judge or if the sentencing judge is retired, disabled or incapacitated, the senior circuit judge, authorizes the offender to be eligible for parole consideration * * *.  No inmate shall be eligible to petition the sentencing court for parole eligibility under this paragraph of this subsection if the inmate is serving a sentence for a crime of violence, as defined by Section 97-3-2, except an inmate serving a sentence for burglary of a dwelling as provided in Section 97-17-23;;

 * * *

          (f)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all persons who were under the age of eighteen (18) at the time of their crimes, and who are not otherwise eligible for parole at an earlier date, shall be eligible for parole after they have served twenty (20) years of the sentence or sentences imposed by the trial court.  All persons eligible for parole under this subsection shall be required to have a parole hearing before the board, pursuant to Section 47-7-17, prior to parole release.  (h)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an inmate who has not been convicted as a habitual offender under Sections 99‑19‑81 through 99‑19‑87, has not been convicted of committing a crime of violence, as defined under Section 97‑3‑2, has not been convicted of a sex crime or any other crime that specifically prohibits parole release, and has not been convicted of drug trafficking under Section 41‑29‑139 is eligible for parole if the inmate has served twenty‑five percent (25%) or more of his or her sentence, but is otherwise ineligible for parole.

     (2)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an inmate shall not be eligible to receive earned time, good time or any other administrative reduction of time which shall reduce the time necessary to be served for parole eligibility as provided in subsection (1) of this section.

     (3)  The State Parole Board shall, by rules and regulations, establish a method of determining a tentative parole hearing date for each eligible offender taken into the custody of the Department of Corrections.  The tentative parole hearing date shall be determined within ninety (90) days after the department has assumed custody of the offender.  Except as provided in Section 47-7-18, the parole hearing date shall occur when the offender is within thirty (30) days of the month of his parole eligibility date.  The parole eligibility date shall not be earlier than one-fourth (1/4) of the prison sentence or sentences imposed by the court.

     (4)  Any inmate within twenty-four (24) months of his parole eligibility date and who meets the criteria established by the classification board shall receive priority for placement in any educational development and job training programs that are part of his or her parole case plan.  Any inmate refusing to participate in an educational development or job training program that is part of the case plan may be in jeopardy of noncompliance with the case plan and may be denied parole.

     SECTION 2.  Section 47-7-3.1, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-3.1.  (1)  In consultation with the Parole Board, the department shall develop a case plan for all parole-eligible inmates to guide an inmate's rehabilitation while in the department's custody and to reduce the likelihood of recidivism after release. 

     (2) * * *  Within ninety (90) days of admission, the department shall complete a case plan on all inmates which  The case plan shall include, but not be limited to:

          (a)  Programming and treatment requirements based on the results of a risk and needs assessment;

          (b)  Any programming or treatment requirements contained in the sentencing order; and

          (c)  General behavior requirements in accordance with the rules and policies of the department.

     (3)  With respect to parole-eligible inmates admitted to the department's custody on or after July 1, 2020, the department shall complete the case plan within ninety (90) days of admission.  With respect to parole-eligible inmates admitted to the department's custody prior to July 1, 2020, the department shall complete the case plan by January 1, 2021.

     ( * * *34)  The department shall provide the inmate with a written copy of the case plan and the inmate's caseworker shall explain the conditions set forth in the case plan.

          (a)  Within ninety (90) days of admission, the caseworker shall notify the inmate of their parole eligibility date as calculated in accordance with Section 47-7-3(3);

          (b)  At the time a parole-eligible inmate receives the case plan, the department shall send the case plan to the Parole Board for approval.

     ( * * *45With respect to parole-eligible inmates admitted to the department's custody after July 1, 2020, the department shall ensure that the case plan is achievable prior to the inmate's parole eligibility date.  With respect to parole-eligible inmates admitted to the department's custody prior to July 1, 2020, the department shall, to the extent possible, ensure that the case plan is achievable prior to the inmate's parole eligibility date or next parole hearing date.

     ( * * *56)  The caseworker shall meet with the inmate every eight (8) weeks from the date the offender received the case plan to review the inmate's case plan progress.

     ( * * *67)  Every four (4) months the department shall electronically submit a progress report on each parole-eligible inmate's case plan to the Parole Board.  The board may meet to review an inmate's case plan and may provide written input to the caseworker on the inmate's progress toward completion of the case plan.

     ( * * *78)  The Parole Board shall provide semiannually to the Oversight Task Force the number of parole hearings held, the number of prisoners released to parole without a hearing and the number of parolees released after a hearing.

     SECTION 3.  Section 47-7-5, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-5.  (1)  The State Parole Board, created under former Section 47-7-5, is hereby created, continued and reconstituted and shall be composed of five (5) members.  The Governor shall appoint the members with the advice and consent of the Senate.  All terms shall be at the will and pleasure of the Governor.  Any vacancy shall be filled by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate.  The Governor shall appoint a chairman of the board.

     (2)  Any person who is appointed to serve on the board shall possess at least a bachelor's degree or a high school diploma and four (4) years' work experience.  Each member shall devote his full time to the duties of his office and shall not engage in any other business or profession or hold any other public office.  A member shall not receive compensation or per diem in addition to his salary as prohibited under Section 25-3-38.  Each member shall keep such hours and workdays as required of full-time state employees under Section 25-1-98.  Individuals shall be appointed to serve on the board without reference to their political affiliations.  Each board member, including the chairman, may be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses as authorized by Section 25-3-41.  Each member of the board shall complete annual training developed based on guidance from the National Institute of Corrections, the Association of Paroling Authorities International, or the American Probation and Parole Association.  Each first-time appointee of the board shall, within sixty (60) days of appointment, or as soon as practical, complete training for first-time Parole Board members developed in consideration of information from the National Institute of Corrections, the Association of Paroling Authorities International, or the American Probation and Parole Association.

     (3)  The board shall have exclusive responsibility for the granting of parole as provided by Sections 47-7-3 and 47-7-17 and shall have exclusive authority for revocation of the same.  The board shall have exclusive responsibility for investigating clemency recommendations upon request of the Governor.

     (4)  The board, its members and staff, shall be immune from civil liability for any official acts taken in good faith and in exercise of the board's legitimate governmental authority.

     (5)  The budget of the board shall be funded through a separate line item within the general appropriation bill for the support and maintenance of the department.  Employees of the department which are employed by or assigned to the board shall work under the guidance and supervision of the board.  There shall be an executive secretary to the board who shall be responsible for all administrative and general accounting duties related to the board.  The executive secretary shall keep and preserve all records and papers pertaining to the board.

     (6)  The board shall have no authority or responsibility for supervision of offenders granted a release for any reason, including, but not limited to, probation, parole or executive clemency or other offenders requiring the same through interstate compact agreements.  The supervision shall be provided exclusively by the staff of the Division of Community Corrections of the department.

     (7)  (a)  The Parole Board is authorized to select and place offenders in an electronic monitoring program under the conditions and criteria imposed by the Parole Board.  The conditions, restrictions and requirements of Section 47-7-17 and Sections 47-5-1001 through 47-5-1015 shall apply to the Parole Board and any offender placed in an electronic monitoring program by the Parole Board.

          (b)  Any offender placed in an electronic monitoring program under this subsection shall pay the program fee provided in Section 47-5-1013.  The program fees shall be deposited in the special fund created in Section 47-5-1007.

          (c)  The department shall have absolute immunity from liability for any injury resulting from a determination by the Parole Board that an offender be placed in an electronic monitoring program.

     (8)  (a)  The Parole Board shall maintain a central registry of paroled inmates.  The Parole Board shall place the following information on the registry:  name, address, photograph, crime for which paroled, the date of the end of parole or flat-time date and other information deemed necessary.  The Parole Board shall immediately remove information on a parolee at the end of his parole or flat-time date.

          (b)  When a person is placed on parole, the Parole Board shall inform the parolee of the duty to report to the parole officer any change in address ten (10) days before changing address.

          (c)  The Parole Board shall utilize an Internet website or other electronic means to release or publish the information.

          (d)  Records maintained on the registry shall be open to law enforcement agencies and the public and shall be available no later than July 1, 2003.

     (9)  An affirmative vote of at least four (4) members of the Parole Board shall be required to grant parole to an inmate convicted of capital murder or a sex * * * crime offense, as defined by Section 45-33-23(h)An affirmative vote of at least three (3) members of the Parole Board shall be required to grant parole to an inmate convicted after June 30, 1995, of a crime of violence, as defined by Section 97-3-2.

     (10)  This section shall stand repealed on July 1, 2022.

     SECTION 4.  Section 47-7-13, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-13.  A majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all business. * * *  A decision to parole an offender convicted of murder or a sex‑related crime shall require the affirmative vote of three (3) members.  An affirmative vote of at least four (4) members of the Parole Board shall be required to grant parole to an inmate convicted of capital murder or a sex offense, as defined by Section 45-33-23(h).  An affirmative vote of at least three (3) members of the Parole Board shall be required to grant parole to an inmate convicted after June 30, 1995, of a crime of violence, as defined by Section 97-3-2.  The board shall maintain, in minute book form, a copy of each of its official actions with the reasons therefor.  Suitable and sufficient office space and support resources and staff necessary to conducting Parole Board business shall be provided by the Department of Corrections. * * *  However, the principal place for conducting parole hearings shall be the State Penitentiary at Parchman.

     SECTION 5.  Section 47-7-15, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-15.  The board shall adopt an official seal of which the courts shall take judicial notice.  Decisions of the board shall be made by majority vote, except as provided in Sections 47-7-5(9) and 47-7-13.

     The board shall keep a record of its acts and shall notify each institution of its decisions relating to the persons who are or have been confined therein.  At the close of each fiscal year the board shall submit to the Governor and to the Legislature a report with statistical and other data of its work.

     SECTION 6.  Section 47-7-17, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-17.  Within one (1) year after his admission and at such intervals thereafter as it may determine, the board shall secure and consider all pertinent information regarding each offender, except any under sentence of death or otherwise ineligible for parole, including the circumstances of his offense, his previous social history, his previous criminal record, including any records of law enforcement agencies or of a youth court regarding that offender's juvenile criminal history, his conduct, employment and attitude while in the custody of the department, the case plan created to prepare the offender for parole, and the reports of such physical and mental examinations as have been made.  The Parole Board may also order a psychiatric or psychological examination when it determines such examination is necessary to making a parole decision.  The board shall furnish at least three (3) months' written notice to each such offender of the date on which he is eligible for parole.

      * * *Before ruling on the application for parole of any offender Except as provided in Section 47-7-18, the board * * * may shall require a parole-eligible offender to have a hearing as required in this chapter before the board and to be interviewed.  The hearing shall be held no later than thirty (30) days prior to the month of eligibility.  No application for parole of a person convicted of a capital offense shall be considered by the board unless and until notice of the filing of such application shall have been published at least once a week for two (2) weeks in a newspaper published in or having general circulation in the county in which the crime was committed.  The board shall, within thirty (30) days prior to the scheduled hearing, also give notice of the filing of the application for parole to the victim of the offense for which the prisoner is incarcerated and being considered for parole or, in case the offense be homicide, a designee of the immediate family of the victim, provided the victim or designated family member has furnished in writing a current address to the board for such purpose.  The victim or designated family member shall be provided an opportunity to be heard by the board before the board makes a decision regarding release on parole.  Parole release shall, at the hearing, be ordered only for the best interest of society, not as an award of clemency; it shall not be considered to be a reduction of sentence or pardon.  An offender shall be placed on parole only when arrangements have been made for his proper employment or for his maintenance and care, and when the board believes that he is able and willing to fulfill the obligations of a law-abiding citizen.  When the board determines that the offender will need transitional housing upon release in order to improve the likelihood of * * * him he or* * * her she becoming a law-abiding citizen, the board may parole the offender with the condition that the inmate spends no more than six (6) months in a transitional reentry center.  At least fifteen (15) days prior to the release of an offender on parole, the director of records of the department shall give the written notice which is required pursuant to Section 47-5-177.  Every offender while on parole shall remain in the legal custody of the department from which he was released and shall be amenable to the orders of the board.  Upon determination by the board that an offender is eligible for release by parole, notice shall also be given within at least fifteen (15) days before release, by the board to the victim of the offense or the victim's family member, as indicated above, regarding the date when the offender's release shall occur, provided a current address of the victim or the victim's family member has been furnished in writing to the board for such purpose.

     Failure to provide notice to the victim or the victim's family member of the filing of the application for parole or of any decision made by the board regarding parole shall not

constitute grounds for vacating an otherwise lawful parole determination nor shall it create any right or liability, civilly or criminally, against the board or any member thereof.

     A letter of protest against granting an offender parole shall not be treated as the conclusive and only reason for not granting parole.

     The board may adopt such other rules not inconsistent with law as it may deem proper or necessary with respect to the eligibility of offenders for parole, the conduct of parole hearings, or conditions to be imposed upon parolees, including a condition that the parolee submit, as provided in Section 47-5-601 to any type of breath, saliva or urine chemical analysis test, the purpose of which is to detect the possible presence of alcohol or a substance prohibited or controlled by any law of the State of Mississippi or the United States.  The board shall have the authority to adopt rules related to the placement of certain offenders on unsupervised parole and for the operation of transitional reentry centers.  However, in no case shall an offender be placed on unsupervised parole before he has served a minimum of fifty percent (50%) of the period of supervised parole.

     SECTION 7.  Section 47-7-18, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-7-18  (1)  No inmate convicted of a sex offense, as defined by Section 45-33-23(h), and/or a crime of violence, as defined by Section 97-3-2, shall be released on parole without a hearing before the Parole Board as required by Section 47-7-17. * * *  Each  All other inmates eligible for parole, pursuant to Section 47-7-3, shall be released from incarceration to parole supervision on the inmate's parole eligibility date, without a hearing before the board, if:

          (a)  The inmate has met the requirements of the parole case plan established pursuant to Section 47-7-3.1;

          (b)  A victim of the offense has not requested the board conduct a hearing;

          (c)  The inmate has not received a serious or major violation report within the past six (6) months;

          (d)  The inmate has agreed to the conditions of supervision; and

          (e)  The inmate has a discharge plan approved by the board. 

     (2)  At least thirty (30) days prior to an inmate's parole eligibility date, the department shall notify the board in writing of the inmate's compliance or noncompliance with the case plan.  If an inmate fails to meet a requirement of the case plan, prior to the parole eligibility date, he or she shall have a hearing before the board to determine if completion of the case plan can occur while in the community.

     (3)  Any inmate for whom there is insufficient information for the department to determine compliance with the case plan shall have a hearing with the board.

     (4)  A hearing shall be held with the board if requested by the victim following notification of the inmate's parole release date pursuant to Section 47-7-17.

     (5)  A hearing shall be held by the board if a law enforcement official from the community to which the inmate will return contacts the board or the department and requests a hearing to consider information relevant to public safety risks posed by the inmate if paroled at the initial parole eligibility date.  The law enforcement official shall submit an explanation documenting these concerns for the board to consider. 

     (6)  If a parole hearing is held, the board may determine the inmate has sufficiently complied with the case plan or that the incomplete case plan is not the fault of the inmate and that granting parole is not incompatible with public safety, the board may then parole the inmate with appropriate conditions.  If the board determines that the inmate has sufficiently complied with the case plan but the discharge plan indicates that the inmate does not have appropriate housing immediately upon release, the board may parole the inmate to a transitional reentry center with the condition that the inmate spends no more than six (6) months in the center.  If the board determines that the inmate has not substantively complied with the requirement(s) of the case plan it may deny parole.  If the board denies parole, the board may schedule a subsequent parole hearing and, if a new date is scheduled, the board shall identify the corrective action the inmate will need to take in order to be granted parole.  Any inmate not released at the time of the inmate's initial parole date shall have a parole hearing at least every year.

     SECTION 8.  Section 47-7-33.1, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-33.1.  (1)  The department shall create a discharge plan for any offender returning to the community, regardless of whether the person will discharge from the custody of the department, or is released on parole, pardon, or otherwise.  At least ninety (90) days prior to an offender's earliest release date, the commissioner shall conduct a pre-release assessment and complete a written discharge plan based on the assessment results.  The discharge plan for parole eligible offenders shall be sent to the Parole Board at least thirty (30) days prior to the offender's parole eligibility date for approval.  The board may suggest changes to the plan that it deems necessary to ensure a successful transition.

     (2)  The pre-release assessment shall identify whether an inmate requires assistance obtaining the following basic needs upon release:  transportation, clothing and food, financial resources, identification documents, housing, employment, education, health care and support systems.  The discharge plan shall include information necessary to address these needs and the steps being taken by the department to assist in this process.  Based on the findings of the assessment, the commissioner shall:

          (a)  Arrange transportation for inmates from the correctional facility to their release destination;

          (b)  Ensure inmates have clean, seasonally appropriate clothing, and provide inmates with a list of food providers and other basic resources immediately accessible upon release;

          (c)  Ensure inmates have a driver's license or a state-issued identification card that is not a Department of Corrections identification card;

          (d)  Assist inmates in identifying safe, affordable housing upon release.  If accommodations are not available, determine whether temporary housing is available for at least ten (10) days after release.  If temporary housing is not available, the discharge plan shall reflect that satisfactory housing has not been established and the person may be a candidate for transitional reentry center placement;

          (e)  Refer inmates without secured employment to employment opportunities;

          (f)  Provide inmates with contact information of a health care facility/provider in the community in which they plan to reside;

          (g)  Notify family members of the release date and release plan, if inmate agrees; and

          (h)  Refer inmates to a community or a faith-based organization that can offer support within the first twenty-four (24) hours of release;

     (3)  A written discharge plan shall be provided to the offender and supervising probation officer or parole officer, if applicable.

     (4)  A discharge plan created for a parole-eligible offender shall also include supervision conditions and the intensity of supervision based on the assessed risk to recidivate and whether there is a need for transitional housing.  The board shall approve discharge plans before an offender is released on parole pursuant to this chapter.

     SECTION 9.  Section 47-7-3.2, Mississippi Code of 1972, which provides a minimum time offenders convicted of a crime of violence must serve before release and a minimum percentage of other sentences other offenders must serve before release, is repealed.

     SECTION 10.  Section 47-5-28, Mississippi Code of 1972, is amended as follows:

     47-5-28.  The commissioner shall have the following powers and duties:

          (a)  To implement and administer laws and policy relating to corrections and coordinate the efforts of the department with those of the federal government and other state departments and agencies, county governments, municipal governments, and private agencies concerned with providing offender services;

          (b)  To establish standards, in cooperation with other state agencies having responsibility as provided by law, provide technical assistance, and exercise the requisite supervision as it relates to correctional programs over all state-supported adult correctional facilities and community-based programs;

          (c)  To promulgate and publish such rules, regulations and policies of the department as are needed for the efficient government and maintenance of all facilities and programs in accord insofar as possible with currently accepted standards of adult offender care and treatment;

          (d)  To provide the Parole Board with suitable and sufficient office space and support resources and staff necessary to conducting Parole Board business under the guidance of the Chairman of the Parole Board;

          (e)  To contract for transitional reentry center beds that will be used as noncorrections housing for offenders released from the department on parole, probation or post-release supervision but do not have appropriate housing available upon release.  At least * * * one hundred (100) eight hundred (800) transitional reentry center beds contracted by the department and chosen by the Parole Board shall be available for the Parole Board to place parolees without appropriate housing;

          (f)  To make an annual report to the Governor and the Legislature reflecting the activities of the department and make recommendations for improvement of the services to be performed by the department;

          (g)  To cooperate fully with periodic independent internal investigations of the department and to file the report with the Governor and the Legislature;

          (h)  To make personnel actions for a period of one (1) year beginning July 1, 2016, that are exempt from State Personnel Board rules, regulations and procedures in order to give the commissioner flexibility in making an orderly, effective and timely reorganization and realignment of the department; and

          (i)  To perform such other duties necessary to effectively and efficiently carry out the purposes of the department as may be directed by the Governor.

     SECTION 11.  Section 47-5-931, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-5-931.  (1)  The Department of Corrections, in its discretion, may contract with the board of supervisors of one or more counties and/or with a regional facility operated by one or more counties, to provide for housing, care and control of offenders who are in the custody of the State of Mississippi.  Any facility owned or leased by a county or counties for this purpose shall be designed, constructed, operated and maintained in accordance with American Correctional Association standards, and shall comply with all constitutional standards of the United States and the State of Mississippi, and with all court orders that may now or hereinafter be applicable to the facility.  If the Department of Corrections contracts with more than one (1) county to house state offenders in county correctional facilities, excluding a regional facility, then the first of such facilities shall be constructed in Sharkey County and the second of such facilities shall be constructed in Jefferson County.

     (2)  The Department of Corrections shall contract with the board of supervisors of the following counties to house state inmates in regional facilities:  (a) Marion and Walthall Counties; (b) Carroll and Montgomery Counties; (c) Stone and Pearl River Counties; (d) Winston and Choctaw Counties; (e) Kemper and Neshoba Counties; (f) Holmes County and any contiguous county in which there is located an unapproved jail; and (g) Bolivar County and any contiguous county in which there is located an unapproved jail.  The Department of Corrections may contract with the board of supervisors of the following counties to house state inmates in regional facilities:  (a) Yazoo County, (b) Chickasaw County, (c) George and Greene Counties, (d) Washington County, (e) Hinds County, and (f) Alcorn County.  The Department of Corrections shall decide the order of priority of the counties listed in this subsection with which it will contract for the housing of state inmates.  For the purposes of this subsection, the term "unapproved jail" means any jail that the local grand jury determines should be condemned or has found to be of substandard condition or in need of substantial repair or reconstruction.

     (3)  In addition to the offenders authorized to be housed under subsection (1) of this section, the Department of Corrections may contract with the Kemper and Neshoba regional facility to provide for housing, care and control of not more than seventy-five (75) additional offenders who are in the custody of the State of Mississippi.

     SECTION 12.  Section 47-5-933, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-5-933.  The Department of Corrections may contract for the purposes set out in Section 47-5-931 for a period of not more than twenty (20) years.  The contract may provide that the Department of Corrections pay a fee of up to Twenty-nine Dollars and Seventy-four Cents ($29.74) per day for each offender that is housed in the facility.  The Department of Corrections may include in the contract, as an inflation factor, a three percent (3%) annual increase in the contract price.  The state shall retain responsibility for medical care for state offenders to the extent that is required by law.

     SECTION 13.  Section 47-5-938, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-5-938.  (1)  Offenders are encouraged to participate in work programs.  The chief corrections officer as created in Section 47-5-935, with ratification of the board of supervisors of the county in which a correctional facility established pursuant to Sections 47-5-931 through 47-5-941, is located, may enter into agreements to provide work for any state offender housed in the facility, with the approval of the Commissioner of Corrections, to perform any work:

          (a)  Authorized in the Mississippi Prison Industries Act of 1990 as provided in Sections 47-5-531 through 47-5-575;

          (b)  Authorized in the Prison Agricultural Enterprises Act as provided in Sections 47-5-351 through 47-5-357;

          (c)  Authorized in the Penitentiary-Made Goods Law of 1978 as provided in Sections 47-5-301 through 47-5-331;

          (d)  Authorized in the Public Service Work Programs Act as provided in Sections 47-5-401 through 47-5-421;

          (e)  Authorized in Section 47-5-431, which authorizes the sheriff to use county or state offenders to pick up trash along public roads and state highways.

     (2)  The chief corrections officer shall promulgate rules and regulations as may be necessary to govern the work performance of the offenders for the parties to the agreements.  Political subdivisions of the State of Mississippi including but not limited to counties, municipalities, school districts, drainage districts, water management districts and joint county-municipal endeavors are to have free use of the offender's labor but are responsible for reimbursing the facility for costs of transportation, guards, meals and other necessary costs when the inmates are providing work for that political body.  Offenders may be compensated for work performed if the agreement so provides.

     (3)  There is created a special fund in the county treasury to be known as the "offender's compensation fund." All compensation paid to offenders shall be placed in the special fund for use by the offenders to purchase certain goods and other items of value as authorized in Section 47-5-109, for offenders housed in state correctional facilities.  As provided in Section 47-5-194, no cash is to be paid to offenders.  The agreement shall provide that a certain portion of the compensation shall be used for the welfare of the offenders.  All money collected from the regional jail canteen operations shall be placed in a county special fund.  Expenditures from that fund can be made by the chief corrections officer for any lawful purpose that is in the best interest and welfare of the offenders.  The chief corrections officer, his employees and the county or counties owning the facility are given the authority necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

     (4)  The provisions of this section shall be supplemental to any other provisions of law regarding offender labor and work programs.

     SECTION 14.  Section 47-7-4, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-4.  The commissioner and the medical director of the department may place an offender who has served not less than one (1) year of his or her sentence, except an offender convicted of a sex crime, on conditional medical release.  However, a nonviolent offender who is bedridden may be placed on conditional medical release regardless of the time served on his or her sentence.  Upon the release of a nonviolent offender who is bedridden, the state shall not be responsible or liable for any medical costs that may be incurred if such costs are acquired after the offender is no longer incarcerated due to his or her placement on conditional medical release.  The commissioner shall not place an offender on conditional medical release unless the medical director of the department certifies to the commissioner that (a) the offender is suffering from a significant permanent physical medical condition with no possibility of recovery; (b) that his or her further incarceration will serve no rehabilitative purposes; and (c) that the state would incur unreasonable expenses as a result of his or her continued incarceration.  Any offender placed on conditional medical release shall be supervised by the Division of Community Corrections of the department for the remainder of his or her sentence.  An offender's conditional medical release may be revoked and the offender returned and placed in actual custody of the department if the offender violates an order or condition of his or her conditional medical release.  An offender who is no longer bedridden shall be returned and placed in the actual custody of the department.

     SECTION 15.  Section 47-7-27, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-27.  (1)  The board may, at any time and upon a showing of probable violation of parole, issue a warrant for the return of any paroled offender to the custody of the department.  The warrant shall authorize all persons named therein to return the paroled offender to actual custody of the department from which he was paroled.

     (2)  Any field supervisor may arrest an offender without a warrant or may deputize any other person with power of arrest by giving him a written statement setting forth that the offender has, in the judgment of that field supervisor, violated the conditions of his parole or earned-release supervision.  The written statement delivered with the offender by the arresting officer to the official in charge of the department facility from which the offender was released or other place of detention designated by the department shall be sufficient warrant for the detention of the offender.

     (3)  The field supervisor, after making an arrest, shall present to the detaining authorities a similar statement of the circumstances of violation.  The field supervisor shall at once notify the board or department of the arrest and detention of the offender and shall submit a written report showing in what manner the offender has violated the conditions of parole or earned-release supervision.  An offender for whose return a warrant has been issued by the board shall, after the issuance of the warrant, be deemed a fugitive from justice.

     (4)  Whenever an offender is arrested on a warrant for an alleged violation of parole as herein provided, the board shall hold an informal preliminary hearing within seventy-two (72) hours to determine whether there is reasonable cause to believe the person has violated a condition of parole.  A preliminary hearing shall not be required when the offender is not under arrest on a warrant or the offender signed a waiver of a preliminary hearing. The preliminary hearing may be conducted electronically.

     (5)  The right of the State of Mississippi to extradite persons and return fugitives from justice, from other states to this state, shall not be impaired by this chapter and shall remain in full force and effect.  An offender convicted of a felony committed while on parole, whether in the State of Mississippi or another state, shall immediately have his parole revoked upon presentment of a certified copy of the commitment order to the board.  If an offender is on parole and the offender is convicted of a felony for a crime committed prior to the offender being placed on parole, whether in the State of Mississippi or another state, the offender may have his parole revoked upon presentment of a certified copy of the commitment order to the board.

     (6)  (a)  The board shall hold a hearing for any parolee who is detained as a result of a warrant or a violation report within twenty-one (21) days of the parolee's admission to detention.  The board may, in its discretion, terminate the parole or modify the terms and conditions thereof.  If the board revokes parole for one or more technical violations the board shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in a technical violation center operated by the department not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the board may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in a technical violation center for up to one hundred and eighty (180) days or the board may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the board may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

          (b)  If the board does not hold a hearing or does not take action on the violation within the twenty-one-day time frame in paragraph (a) of this subsection, the parolee shall be released from detention and shall return to parole status.  The board may subsequently hold a hearing and may revoke parole or may continue parole and modify the terms and conditions of parole.  If the board revokes parole for one or more technical violations the board shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in a technical violation center operated by the department not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the board may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in a technical violation center for up to one hundred eighty (180) days or the board may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the board may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

          (c)  For a parolee charged with one or more technical violations who has not been detained awaiting the revocation hearing, the board may hold a hearing within a reasonable time.  The board may revoke parole or may continue parole and modify the terms and conditions of parole.  If the board revokes parole for one or more technical violations the board shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in a technical violation center operated by the department not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the board may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in a technical violation center for up to one hundred eighty (180) days or the board may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the board may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

     (7)  Unless good cause for the delay is established in the record of the proceeding, the parole revocation charge shall be dismissed if the revocation hearing is not held within the thirty (30) days of the issuance of the warrant.

     (8)  The chairman and each member of the board and the designated parole revocation hearing officer may, in the discharge of their duties, administer oaths, summon and examine witnesses, and take other steps as may be necessary to ascertain the truth of any matter about which they have the right to inquire.

     (9)  The board shall provide semiannually to the Oversight Task Force the number of warrants issued for an alleged violation of parole, the average time between detention on a warrant and preliminary hearing, the average time between detention on a warrant and revocation hearing, the number of ninety-day sentences in a technical violation center issued by the board, the number of one-hundred-twenty-day sentences in a technical violation center issued by the board, the number of one-hundred-eighty-day sentences issued by the board, and the number and average length of the suspended sentences imposed by the board in response to a violation.

     SECTION 16.  Section 47-7-33, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-33.  (1)  When it appears to the satisfaction of any circuit court or county court in the State of Mississippi having original jurisdiction over criminal actions, or to the judge thereof, that the ends of justice and the best interest of the public, as well as the defendant, will be served thereby, such court, in termtime or in vacation, shall have the power, after conviction or a plea of guilty, except in a case where a death sentence or life imprisonment is the maximum penalty which may be imposed, to suspend the imposition or execution of sentence, and place the defendant on probation as herein provided, except that the court shall not suspend the execution of a sentence of imprisonment after the defendant shall have begun to serve such sentence.  In placing any defendant on probation, the court, or judge, shall direct that such defendant be under the supervision of the Department of Corrections.

     (2)  When any circuit or county court places an offender on probation, the court shall give notice to the Mississippi Department of Corrections within fifteen (15) days of the court's decision to place the offender on probation.  Notice shall be delivered to the central office of the Mississippi Department of Corrections and to the regional office of the department which will be providing supervision to the offender on probation.

     (3)  When any circuit court or county court places a person on probation in accordance with the provisions of this section and that person is ordered to make any payments to his family, if any member of his family whom he is ordered to support is receiving public assistance through the State Department of Human Services, the court shall order him to make such payments to the county welfare officer of the county rendering public assistance to his family, for the sole use and benefit of said family.

     SECTION 17.  Section 47-7-34, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-34.  (1)  When a court imposes a sentence upon a conviction for any felony committed after June 30, 1995, the court, in addition to any other punishment imposed if the other punishment includes a term of incarceration in a state or local correctional facility, may impose a term of post-release supervision.  However, the total number of years of incarceration plus the total number of years of post-release supervision shall not exceed the maximum sentence authorized to be imposed by law for the felony committed.  The defendant shall be placed under post-release supervision upon release from the term of incarceration.  The period of supervision shall be established by the court.

     (2)  The period of post-release supervision shall be conducted in the same manner as a like period of supervised probation, including a requirement that the defendant shall abide by any terms and conditions as the court may establish.  Failure to successfully abide by the terms and conditions shall be grounds to terminate the period of post-release supervision and to recommit the defendant to the correctional facility from which he was previously released.  Procedures for termination and recommitment shall be conducted in the same manner as procedures for the revocation of probation and imposition of a suspended sentence as required pursuant to Section 47-7-37.

     (3)  Post-release supervision programs shall be operated through the probation and parole unit of the Division of Community Corrections of the department.  The maximum amount of time that the Mississippi Department of Corrections may supervise an offender on the post-release supervision program is five (5) years.

     SECTION 18.  Section 47-7-35, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-35.  (1)  The courts referred to in Section 47-7-33 or 47-7-34 shall determine the terms and conditions of probation or post-release supervision and may alter or modify, at any time during the period of probation or post-release supervision, the conditions and may include among them the following or any other:

     That the offender shall:

          (a)  Commit no offense against the laws of this or any other state of the United States, or of any federal, territorial or tribal jurisdiction of the United States;

          (b)  Avoid injurious or vicious habits;

          (c)  Avoid persons or places of disreputable or harmful character;

          (d)  Report to the probation and parole officer as directed;

          (e)  Permit the probation and parole officer to visit him at home or elsewhere;

          (f)  Work faithfully at suitable employment so far as possible;

          (g)  Remain within a specified area;

          (h)  Pay his fine in one (1) or several sums;

          (i)  Support his dependents;

          (j)  Submit, as provided in Section 47-5-601, to any type of breath, saliva or urine chemical analysis test, the purpose of which is to detect the possible presence of alcohol or a substance prohibited or controlled by any law of the State of Mississippi or the United States;

          (k)  Register as a sex offender if so required under Title 45, Chapter 33.

     (2)  When any court places a defendant on misdemeanor probation, the court must cause to be conducted a search of the probationer's name or other identifying information against the registration information regarding sex offenders maintained under Title 45, Chapter 33.  The search may be conducted using the Internet site maintained by the Department of Public Safety Sex Offender Registry.

     SECTION 19.  Section 47-7-36, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-36.  Any person who supervises an individual placed on parole by the Parole Board or placed on probation by the court shall set the times and locations for meetings that are required for parole or probation at such times and locations that are reasonably designed to accommodate the work schedule of an individual on parole or probation who is employed by another person or entity.  To effectuate the provisions of this section, the parole officer or probation officer may utilize technology portals such as Skype, FaceTime or Google video chat, or any other technology portal that allows communication between the individual on parole or probation and the parole or probation officer, as applicable, to occur simultaneously in real time by voice and video in lieu of requiring a face-to-face in person meeting of such individual and the parole or probation officer, as applicable.  For individuals who are self-employed, the provisions of this section shall only apply with the agreement of their supervising parole or probation officer.

     SECTION 20.  Section 47-7-37, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-37.  (1)  The period of probation shall be fixed by the court, and may at any time be extended or terminated by the court, or judge in vacation.  Such period with any extension thereof shall not exceed five (5) years, except that in cases of desertion and/or failure to support minor children, the period of probation may be fixed and/or extended by the court for so long as the duty to support such minor children exists.  The time served on probation or post-release supervision may be reduced pursuant to Section 47-7-40.

     (2)  At any time during the period of probation, the court, or judge in vacation, may issue a warrant for violating any of the conditions of probation or suspension of sentence and cause the probationer to be arrested.  Any probation and parole officer may arrest a probationer without a warrant, or may deputize any other officer with power of arrest to do so by giving him a written statement setting forth that the probationer has, in the judgment of the probation and parole officer, violated the conditions of probation.  Such written statement delivered with the probationer by the arresting officer to the official in charge of a county jail or other place of detention shall be sufficient warrant for the detention of the probationer.

     (3)  Whenever an offender is arrested on a warrant for an alleged violation of probation as herein provided, the department shall hold an informal preliminary hearing within seventy-two (72) hours of the arrest to determine whether there is reasonable cause to believe the person has violated a condition of probation.  A preliminary hearing shall not be required when the offender is not under arrest on a warrant or the offender signed a waiver of a preliminary hearing.  The preliminary hearing may be conducted electronically.  If reasonable cause is found, the offender may be confined no more than twenty-one (21) days from the admission to detention until a revocation hearing is held.  If the revocation hearing is not held within twenty-one (21) days, the probationer shall be released from custody and returned to probation status.

     (4)  If a probationer or offender is subject to registration as a sex offender, the court must make a finding that the probationer or offender is not a danger to the public prior to release with or without bail.  In determining the danger posed by the release of the offender or probationer, the court may consider the nature and circumstances of the violation and any new offenses charged; the offender or probationer's past and present conduct, including convictions of crimes and any record of arrests without conviction for crimes involving violence or sex crimes; any other evidence of allegations of unlawful sexual conduct or the use of violence by the offender or probationer; the offender or probationer's family ties, length of residence in the community, employment history and mental condition; the offender or probationer's history and conduct during the probation or other supervised release and any other previous supervisions, including disciplinary records of previous incarcerations; the likelihood that the offender or probationer will engage again in a criminal course of conduct; the weight of the evidence against the offender or probationer; and any other facts the court considers relevant.

     (5)  (a)  The probation and parole officer after making an arrest shall present to the detaining authorities a similar statement of the circumstances of violation.  The probation and parole officer shall at once notify the court of the arrest and detention of the probationer and shall submit a report in writing showing in what manner the probationer has violated the conditions of probation.  Within twenty-one (21) days of arrest and detention by warrant as herein provided, the court shall cause the probationer to be brought before it and may continue or revoke all or any part of the probation or the suspension of sentence.  If the court revokes probation for one or more technical violations, the court shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center or a restitution center not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the court may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center or a restitution center for up to one hundred eighty (180) days or the court may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the court may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

          (b)  If the offender is not detained as a result of the warrant, the court shall cause the probationer to be brought before it within a reasonable time and may continue or revoke all or any part of the probation or the suspension of sentence, and may cause the sentence imposed to be executed or may impose any part of the sentence which might have been imposed at the time of conviction.  If the court revokes probation for one or more technical violations, the court shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center or a restitution center not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the court may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center or a restitution center for up to one hundred eighty (180) days or the court may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the court may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

          (c)  If the court does not hold a hearing or does not take action on the violation within the twenty-one-day period, the offender shall be released from detention and shall return to probation status.  The court may subsequently hold a hearing and may revoke probation or may continue probation and modify the terms and conditions of probation.  If the court revokes probation for one or more technical violations, the court shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center operated by the department or a restitution center not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the court may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center or a restitution center for up to one hundred eighty (180) days or the court may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the court may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

          (d)  For an offender charged with a technical violation who has not been detained awaiting the revocation hearing, the court may hold a hearing within a reasonable time.  The court may revoke probation or may continue probation and modify the terms and conditions of probation.  If the court revokes probation for one or more technical violations the court shall impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center operated by the department or a restitution center not to exceed ninety (90) days for the first revocation and not to exceed one hundred twenty (120) days for the second revocation.  For the third revocation, the court may impose a period of imprisonment to be served in either a technical violation center or a restitution center for up to one hundred eighty (180) days or the court may impose the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  For the fourth and any subsequent revocation, the court may impose up to the remainder of the suspended portion of the sentence.  The period of imprisonment in a technical violation center imposed under this section shall not be reduced in any manner.

     (6)  If the probationer is arrested in a circuit court district in the State of Mississippi other than that in which he was convicted, the probation and parole officer, upon the written request of the sentencing judge, shall furnish to the circuit court or the county court of the county in which the arrest is made, or to the judge of such court, a report concerning the probationer, and such court or the judge in vacation shall have authority, after a hearing, to continue or revoke all or any part of probation or all or any part of the suspension of sentence, and may in case of revocation proceed to deal with the case as if there had been no probation.  In such case, the clerk of the court in which the order of revocation is issued shall forward a transcript of such order to the clerk of the court of original jurisdiction, and the clerk of that court shall proceed as if the order of revocation had been issued by the court of original jurisdiction.  Upon the revocation of probation or suspension of sentence of any offender, such offender shall be placed in the legal custody of the State Department of Corrections and shall be subject to the requirements thereof.

     (7)  Any probationer who removes himself from the State of Mississippi without permission of the court placing him on probation, or the court to which jurisdiction has been transferred, shall be deemed and considered a fugitive from justice and shall be subject to extradition as now provided by law.  No part of the time that one is on probation shall be considered as any part of the time that he shall be sentenced to serve.

     (8)  The arresting officer, except when a probation and parole officer, shall be allowed the same fees as now provided by law for arrest on warrant, and such fees shall be taxed against the probationer and paid as now provided by law.

     (9)  The arrest, revocation and recommitment procedures of this section also apply to persons who are serving a period of post-release supervision imposed by the court.

     (10)  Unless good cause for the delay is established in the record of the proceeding, the probation revocation charge shall be dismissed if the revocation hearing is not held within thirty (30) days of the warrant being issued.

     (11)  The Department of Corrections shall provide semiannually to the Oversight Task Force the number of warrants issued for an alleged violation of probation or post-release supervision, the average time between detention on a warrant and preliminary hearing, the average time between detention on a warrant and revocation hearing, the number of ninety-day sentences in a technical violation center issued by the court, the number of one-hundred-twenty-day sentences in a technical violation center issued by the court, the number of one-hundred-eighty-day sentences issued by the court, and the number and average length of the suspended sentences imposed by the court in response to a violation.

     SECTION 21.  Section 47-7-37.1, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-37.1.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, if a court finds by a preponderance of the evidence, that a probationer or a person under post-release supervision has committed a felony or absconded, the court may revoke his probation and impose any or all of the sentence.  For purposes of this section, "absconding from supervision" means the failure of a probationer to report to his supervising officer for six (6) or more consecutive months.

     SECTION 22.  Section 47-7-49, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     47-7-49.  (1)  Any offender on probation, parole, earned-release supervision, post-release supervision, earned probation or any other offender under the field supervision of the Community Services Division of the department shall pay to the department the sum of Fifty-five Dollars ($55.00) per month by certified check or money order unless a hardship waiver is granted.  An offender shall make the initial payment within sixty (60) days after being released from imprisonment unless a hardship waiver is granted.  A hardship waiver may be granted by the sentencing court or the Department of Corrections.  A hardship waiver may not be granted for a period of time exceeding ninety (90) days.  The commissioner or his designee shall deposit Fifty Dollars ($50.00) of each payment received into a special fund in the State Treasury, which is hereby created, to be known as the Community Service Revolving Fund.  Expenditures from this fund shall be made for:  (a) the establishment of restitution and satellite centers; and (b) the establishment, administration and operation of the department's Drug Identification Program and the intensive and field supervision program.  The Fifty Dollars ($50.00) may be used for salaries and to purchase equipment, supplies and vehicles to be used by the Community Services Division in the performance of its duties.  Expenditures for the purposes established in this section may be made from the fund upon requisition by the commissioner, or his designee.

     Of the remaining amount, Three Dollars ($3.00) of each payment shall be deposited into the Crime Victims' Compensation Fund created in Section 99-41-29, and Two Dollars ($2.00) shall be deposited into the Training Revolving Fund created pursuant to Section 47-7-51.  When a person is convicted of a felony in this state, in addition to any other sentence it may impose, the court may, in its discretion, order the offender to pay a state assessment not to exceed the greater of One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00) or the maximum fine that may be imposed for the offense, into the Crime Victims' Compensation Fund created pursuant to Section 99-41-29.

     Any federal funds made available to the department for training or for training facilities, equipment or services shall be deposited into the Correctional Training Revolving Fund created in Section 47-7-51.  The funds deposited in this account shall be used to support an expansion of the department's training program to include the renovation of facilities for training purposes, purchase of equipment and contracting of training services with community colleges in the state.

     No offender shall be required to make this payment for a period of time longer than ten (10) years.

     (2)  The offender may be imprisoned until the payments are made if the offender is financially able to make the payments and the court in the county where the offender resides so finds, subject to the limitations hereinafter set out.  The offender shall not be imprisoned if the offender is financially unable to make the payments and so states to the court in writing, under oath, and the court so finds.

     (3)  This section shall stand repealed from and after June 30, 2022.

     SECTION 23.  Section 45-1-3, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     45-1-3.  When not otherwise specifically provided, the commissioner is authorized to make and promulgate reasonable rules and regulations to be coordinated, and carry out the general provisions of the Highway Safety Patrol and Driver's License Law of 1938.

     SECTION 24.  Section 9-23-11, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     9-23-11.  (1)  The Administrative Office of Courts shall establish, implement and operate a uniform certification process for all intervention courts and other problem-solving courts including juvenile courts, veterans courts or any other court designed to adjudicate criminal actions involving an identified classification of criminal defendant to ensure funding for intervention courts supports effective and proven practices that reduce recidivism and substance dependency among their participants.

     (2)  The Administrative Office of Courts shall establish a certification process that ensures any new or existing intervention court meets minimum standards for intervention court operation.

          (a)  These standards shall include, but are not limited to:

              (i)  The use of evidence-based practices including, but not limited to, the use of a valid and reliable risk and needs assessment tool to identify participants and deliver appropriate interventions;

              (ii)  Targeting medium to high-risk offenders for participation;

              (iii)  The use of current, evidence-based interventions proven to reduce dependency on drugs or alcohol, or both;

              (iv)  Frequent testing for alcohol or drugs;

               (v)  Coordinated strategy between all intervention court program personnel involving the use of graduated clinical interventions;

              (vi)  Ongoing judicial interaction with each participant; and

              (vii)  Monitoring and evaluation of intervention court program implementation and outcomes through data collection and reporting.

          (b)  Intervention court certification applications shall include:

              (i)  A description of the need for the intervention court;

              (ii)  The targeted population for the intervention court;

              (iii)  The eligibility criteria for intervention court participants;

              (iv)  A description of the process for identifying appropriate participants including the use of a risk and needs assessment and a clinical assessment;

              (v)  A description of the intervention court intervention components, including anticipated budget and implementation plan;

              (vi)  The data collection plan which shall include collecting the following data:

                   1.  Total number of participants;

                   2.  Total number of successful participants;

                   3.  Total number of unsuccessful participants and the reason why each participant did not complete the program;

                   4.  Total number of participants who were arrested for a new criminal offense while in the intervention court program;

                   5.  Total number of participants who were convicted of a new felony or misdemeanor offense while in the intervention court program;

                   6.  Total number of participants who committed at least one (1) violation while in the intervention court program and the resulting sanction(s);

                   7.  Results of the initial risk and needs assessment or other clinical assessment conducted on each participant; and

                   8.  Total number of applications for screening by race, gender, offenses charged, indigence and, if not accepted, the reason for nonacceptance; and

                    9.  Any other data or information as required by the Administrative Office of Courts.

          (c)  Every intervention court shall be certified under the following schedule:

              (i)  An intervention court application submitted after July 1, 2014, shall require certification of the intervention court based on the proposed drug court plan.

              (ii)  An intervention court initially established and certified after July 1, 2014, shall be recertified after its second year of funded operation on a time frame consistent with the other certified courts of its type.

              (iii)  A certified adult felony intervention court in existence on December 31, 2018, must submit a recertification petition by July 1, 2019, and be recertified under the requirements of this section on or before December 31, 2019; after the recertification, all certified adult felony intervention courts must submit a recertification petition every two (2) years to the Administrative Office of Courts.  The recertification process must be completed by December 31st of every odd calendar year.

              (iv)  A certified youth, family, misdemeanor or chancery intervention court in existence on December 31, 2018, must submit a recertification petition by July 31, 2020, and be recertified under the requirements of this section by December 31, 2020.  After the recertification, all certified youth, family, misdemeanor and chancery intervention courts must submit a recertification petition every two (2) years to the Administrative Office of Courts.  The recertification process must be completed by December 31st of every even calendar year.

     (3)  All certified intervention courts shall measure successful completion of the drug court based on those participants who complete the program without a new criminal conviction.

     (4)  (a)  All certified drug courts must collect and submit to the Administrative Office of Courts each month, the following data:

              (i)  Total number of participants at the beginning of the month;

              (ii)  Total number of participants at the end of the month;

              (iii)  Total number of participants who began the program in the month;

              (iv)  Total number of participants who successfully completed the intervention court in the month;

              (v)  Total number of participants who left the program in the month;

              (vi)  Total number of participants who were arrested for a new criminal offense while in the intervention court program in the month;

              (vii)  Total number of participants who were convicted for a new criminal arrest while in the intervention court program in the month; and

              (viii)  Total number of participants who committed at least one (1) violation while in the intervention court program and any resulting sanction(s).

          (b)  By August 1, 2015, and each year thereafter, the Administrative Office of Courts shall report to the PEER Committee the information in subsection (4)(a) of this section in a sortable, electronic format.

     (5)  All certified intervention courts may individually establish rules and may make special orders and rules as necessary that do not conflict with the rules promulgated by the Supreme Court or the Administrative Office of Courts.

     (6)  A certified intervention court may appoint the full- or part-time employees it deems necessary for the work of the intervention court and shall fix the compensation of those employees.  Such employees shall serve at the will and pleasure of the judge or the judge's designee.

     (7)  The Administrative Office of Courts shall promulgate rules and regulations to carry out the certification and re-certification process and make any other policies not inconsistent with this section to carry out this process.

     (8)  A certified intervention court established under this chapter is subject to the regulatory powers of the Administrative Office of Courts as set forth in Section 9-23-17.

     SECTION 25.  Section 99-39-5, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     99-39-5.  (1)  Any person sentenced by a court of record of the State of Mississippi, including a person currently incarcerated, civilly committed, on parole or probation or subject to sex offender registration for the period of the registration or for the first five (5) years of the registration, whichever is the shorter period, may file a motion to vacate, set aside or correct the judgment or sentence, a motion to request forensic DNA testing of biological evidence, or a motion for an out-of-time appeal if the person claims:

          (a)  That the conviction or the sentence was imposed in violation of the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution or laws of Mississippi;

          (b)  That the trial court was without jurisdiction to impose sentence;

          (c)  That the statute under which the conviction and/or sentence was obtained is unconstitutional;

          (d)  That the sentence exceeds the maximum authorized by law;

          (e)  That there exists evidence of material facts, not previously presented and heard, that requires vacation of the conviction or sentence in the interest of justice;

          (f)  That there exists biological evidence secured in relation to the investigation or prosecution attendant to the petitioner's conviction not tested, or, if previously tested, that can be subjected to additional DNA testing, that would provide a reasonable likelihood of more probative results, and that testing would demonstrate by reasonable probability that the petitioner would not have been convicted or would have received a lesser sentence if favorable results had been obtained through such forensic DNA testing at the time of the original prosecution.

          (g)  That his plea was made involuntarily;

          (h)  That his sentence has expired; his probation, parole or conditional release unlawfully revoked; or he is otherwise unlawfully held in custody;

          (i)  That he is entitled to an out-of-time appeal; or

          (j)  That the conviction or sentence is otherwise subject to collateral attack upon any grounds of alleged error heretofore available under any common law, statutory or other writ, motion, petition, proceeding or remedy.

     (2)  A motion for relief under this article shall be made within three (3) years after the time in which the petitioner's direct appeal is ruled upon by the Supreme Court of Mississippi or, in case no appeal is taken, within three (3) years after the time for taking an appeal from the judgment of conviction or sentence has expired, or in case of a guilty plea, within three (3) years after entry of the judgment of conviction.  Excepted from this three-year statute of limitations are those cases in which the petitioner can demonstrate either:

          (a)  (i)  That there has been an intervening decision of the Supreme Court of either the State of Mississippi or the United States which would have actually adversely affected the outcome of his conviction or sentence or that he has evidence, not reasonably discoverable at the time of trial, which is of such nature that it would be practically conclusive that had such been introduced at trial it would have caused a different result in the conviction or sentence; or

              (ii)  That, even if the petitioner pled guilty or nolo contendere, or confessed or admitted to a crime, there exists biological evidence not tested, or, if previously tested, that can be subjected to additional DNA testing that would provide a reasonable likelihood of more probative results, and that testing would demonstrate by reasonable probability that the petitioner would not have been convicted or would have received a lesser sentence if favorable results had been obtained through such forensic DNA testing at the time of the original prosecution.

          (b)  Likewise excepted are those cases in which the petitioner claims that his sentence has expired or his probation, parole or conditional release has been unlawfully revoked.  Likewise excepted are filings for post-conviction relief in capital cases which shall be made within one (1) year after conviction.

     (3)  This motion is not a substitute for, nor does it affect, any remedy incident to the proceeding in the trial court, or direct review of the conviction or sentence.

     (4)  Proceedings under this article shall be subject to the provisions of Section 99-19-42.

     (5)  For the purposes of this article:

          (a)  "Biological evidence" means the contents of a sexual assault examination kit and any item that contains blood, semen, hair, saliva, skin tissue, fingernail scrapings, bone, bodily fluids or other identifiable biological material that was collected as part of the criminal investigation or may reasonably be used to incriminate or exculpate any person for the offense.  This definition applies whether that material is catalogued separately, such as on a slide, swab or in a test tube, or is present on other evidence, including, but not limited to, clothing, ligatures, bedding or other household material, drinking cups, cigarettes or other items;

          (b)  "DNA" means deoxyribonucleic acid.

     SECTION 26.  Section 99-39-27, Mississippi Code of 1972, is brought forward as follows:

     99-39-27.  (1)  The application for leave to proceed in the trial court filed with the Supreme Court under Section 99-39-7 shall name the State of Mississippi as the respondent.

     (2)  The application shall contain the original and two (2) executed copies of the motion proposed to be filed in the trial court together with such other supporting pleadings and documentation as the Supreme Court by rule may require.

     (3)  The prisoner shall serve an executed copy of the application upon the Attorney General simultaneously with the filing of the application with the court.

     (4)  The original motion, together with all files, records, transcripts and correspondence relating to the judgment under attack, shall promptly be examined by the court.

     (5)  Unless it appears from the face of the application, motion, exhibits and the prior record that the claims presented by  those documents are not procedurally barred under Section 99-39-21 and that they further present a substantial showing of the denial of a state or federal right, the court shall by appropriate order deny the application.  The court may, in its discretion, require the Attorney General upon sufficient notice to respond to the application.

     (6)  The court, upon satisfaction of the standards set forth in this article, is empowered to grant the application.

     (7)  In granting the application the court, in its discretion, may:

          (a)  Where sufficient facts exist from the face of the application, motion, exhibits, the prior record and the state's response, together with any exhibits submitted with those documents, or upon stipulation of the parties, grant or deny any or all relief requested in the attached motion.

          (b)  Allow the filing of the motion in the trial court for further proceedings under Sections 99-39-13 through 99-39-23.

     (8)  No application or relief shall be granted without the Attorney General being given at least five (5) days to respond.

     (9)  The dismissal or denial of an application under this section is a final judgment and shall be a bar to a second or successive application under this article.  Excepted from this prohibition is an application filed under Section 99-19-57(2),  raising the issue of the offender's supervening mental illness before the execution of a sentence of death.  A dismissal or denial of an application relating to mental illness under Section 99-19-57(2) shall be res judicata on the issue and shall likewise bar any second or successive applications on the issue.  Likewise excepted from this prohibition are those cases in which the prisoner can demonstrate either that there has been an intervening decision of the Supreme Court of either the State of Mississippi or the United States that would have actually adversely affected the outcome of his conviction or sentence or that he has evidence, not reasonably discoverable at the time of trial, that is of such nature that it would be practically conclusive that, if it had been introduced at trial, it would have caused a different result in the conviction or sentence.  Likewise exempted are those cases in which the prisoner claims that his sentence has expired or his probation, parole or conditional release has been unlawfully revoked.

     (10)  Proceedings under this section shall be subject to the provisions of Section 99-19-42.

     (11)  Post-conviction proceedings in which the defendant is under sentence of death shall be governed by rules established by the Supreme Court as well as the provisions of this section.

     SECTION 27.  This act shall take effect and be in force from and after July 1, 2020, and shall stand repealed from and after June 30, 2020.


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