Bill Text: IL HB1784 | 2017-2018 | 100th General Assembly | Enrolled

Bill Title: Amends the Illinois Vehicle Code. Provides that a driver of a motor vehicle may, subject to certain requirements, overtake and pass to the left of a bicycle proceeding in the same direction on a portion of a highway designated as a no-passing zone. Provides that provisions concerning driving on the shoulder of a roadway shall not apply to any bicycle and a person operating a bicycle or motorized pedal cycle shall not be required to use the shoulder of a roadway when operating the bicycle or motorized pedal cycle. Provides that the rear of a bicycle may be equipped with a lamp emitting a steady or flashing red light (rather than solely a red light) visible from a distance of 500 feet in addition to or instead of a red reflector (rather than in addition to a red reflector).

Spectrum: Bipartisan Bill

Status: (Enrolled) 2017-06-27 - Sent to the Governor [HB1784 Detail]

Download: Illinois-2017-HB1784-Enrolled.html

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1 AN ACT concerning transportation.
2 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
3represented in the General Assembly:
4 Section 5. The Illinois Vehicle Code is amended by changing
5Sections 11-703, 11-707, 11-709.1, and 11-1507 as follows:
6 (625 ILCS 5/11-703) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-703)
7 Sec. 11-703. Overtaking a vehicle on the left. The
8following rules govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles
9proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations,
10exceptions, and special rules otherwise stated in this Chapter:
11 (a) The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle
12 proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left
13 thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the
14 right side of the roadway until safely clear of the
15 overtaken vehicle. In no event shall such movement be made
16 by driving off the pavement or the main traveled portion of
17 the roadway.
18 (b) Except when overtaking and passing on the right is
19 permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give
20 way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on
21 audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his
22 vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
23 (c) The driver of a 2 wheeled vehicle may not, in

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1 passing upon the left of any vehicle proceeding in the same
2 direction, pass upon the right of any vehicle proceeding in
3 the same direction unless there is an unobstructed lane of
4 traffic available to permit such passing maneuver safely.
5 (d) The operator of a motor vehicle overtaking a
6 bicycle or individual proceeding in the same direction on a
7 highway shall leave a safe distance, but not less than 3
8 feet, when passing the bicycle or individual and shall
9 maintain that distance until safely past the overtaken
10 bicycle or individual.
11 (d-5) A driver of a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle
12 proceeding in the same direction on a highway may, subject
13 to the provisions in paragraph (d) of this Section and
14 Section 11-706 of this Code, pass to the left of the
15 bicycle on a portion of the highway designated as a
16 no-passing zone under Section 11-707 of this Code if the
17 driver is able to overtake and pass the bicycle when:
18 (1) the bicycle is traveling at a speed of less
19 than half of the posted speed limit of the highway;
20 (2) the driver is able to overtake and pass the
21 bicycle without exceeding the posted speed limit of the
22 highway; and
23 (3) there is sufficient distance to the left of the
24 centerline of the highway for the motor vehicle to meet
25 the overtaking and passing requirements under this
26 Section.

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1 (e) A person driving a motor vehicle shall not, in a
2 reckless manner, drive the motor vehicle unnecessarily
3 close to, toward, or near a bicyclist, pedestrian, or a
4 person riding a horse or driving an animal drawn vehicle.
5 (f) Every person convicted of paragraph (e) of this
6 Section shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor if the
7 violation does not result in great bodily harm or permanent
8 disability or disfigurement to another. If the violation
9 results in great bodily harm or permanent disability or
10 disfigurement to another, the person shall be guilty of a
11 Class 3 felony.
12(Source: P.A. 95-231, eff. 1-1-08; 96-1007, eff. 1-1-11.)
13 (625 ILCS 5/11-707) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-707)
14 Sec. 11-707. No-passing zones.
15 (a) The Department and local authorities are authorized to
16determine those portions of any highway under their respective
17jurisdictions where overtaking and passing or driving on the
18left of the roadway would be especially hazardous and may by
19appropriate signs or markings on the roadway indicate the
20beginning and end of such zones. Upon request of a local school
21board, the Department or local authority which has jurisdiction
22over the roadway in question, shall determine whether a
23hazardous situation exists at a particular location and
24warrants a no-passing zone. If the Department or local
25authority determines that a no-passing zone is warranted, the

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1school board and the Department or local authority shall share
2equally the cost of designating the no-passing zone by signs
3and markings. When such signs or markings are in place and
4clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person every driver
5of a vehicle shall obey the directions thereof.
6 (b) Where signs or markings are in place to define a
7no-passing zone as set forth in paragraph (a) no driver may at
8any time drive on the left side of the roadway within the
9no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping
10designed to mark such no-passing zone throughout its length.
11 (c) This Section does not apply under the conditions
12described in Section 11-701 (a) 2, subsection (d-5) of Section
1311-703, nor to the driver of a vehicle turning left into or
14from an alley, private road or driveway. The pavement striping
15designed to mark the no-passing zone may be crossed from the
16left hand lane for the purpose of completing a pass that was
17begun prior to the beginning of the zone in the driver's
18direction of travel.
19 (d) Special speed limit areas required under Section 11-605
20of this Code in unincorporated areas only shall also be
21no-passing zones.
22(Source: P.A. 86-471.)
23 (625 ILCS 5/11-709.1) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-709.1)
24 Sec. 11-709.1. Driving on the shoulder.
25 (a) Vehicles shall be driven on a roadway, and shall only

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1be driven on the shoulder for the purpose of stopping or
2accelerating from a stop while merging into traffic. It shall
3be a violation of this Section if while merging into traffic
4and while on the shoulder, the vehicle passes any other vehicle
5on the roadway adjacent to it.
6 (b) This Section shall not apply to any authorized
7emergency vehicle, to any authorized transit bus, to any
8bicycle, to any farm tractor or implement of husbandry, to any
9service vehicle while engaged in maintenance of the highway or
10related work, or to any authorized vehicle within a designated
11construction zone.
12(Source: P.A. 97-292, eff. 8-11-11.)
13 (625 ILCS 5/11-1507) (from Ch. 95 1/2, par. 11-1507)
14 Sec. 11-1507. Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
15 (a) Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be
16equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white
17light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front
18and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the
19Department which shall be visible from all distances from 100
20feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful
21lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle, except that a . A
22lamp emitting a steady or flashing red light visible from a
23distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to or
24instead of the red reflector.
25 (b) A bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any

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1person use upon a bicycle any siren. This subsection (b) does
2not apply to a bicycle that is a police vehicle or fire
3department vehicle.
4 (c) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will
5adequately control movement of and stop and hold such bicycle.
6 (d) No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on
7a bicycle that is not equipped with a reflex reflector
8conforming to specifications prescribed by the Department, on
9each pedal, visible from the front and rear of the bicycle
10during darkness from a distance of 200 feet.
11 (e) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle
12that is not equipped with side reflectors. Such reflectors
13shall be visible from each side of the bicycle from a distance
14of 500 feet and shall be essentially colorless or red to the
15rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or
16amber to the front of the center of the bicycle provided. The
17requirements of this paragraph may be met by reflective
18materials which shall be at least 3/16 of an inch wide on each
19side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible the
20continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of such
21bicycle and which reflective materials may be of the same color
22on both the front and rear tire or rim. Such reflectors shall
23conform to specifications prescribed by the Department.
24 (f) No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle
25that is not equipped with an essentially colorless front-facing

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1(Source: P.A. 95-28, eff. 8-7-07.)