Bill Text: HI HB456 | 2019 | Regular Session | Amended


Bill Title: Relating To Public Safety.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 5-0)

Status: (Engrossed) 2019-03-15 - The committee(s) on PSM/JDC has scheduled a public hearing on 03-19-19 10:30AM in conference room 016. [HB456 Detail]

Download: Hawaii-2019-HB456-Amended.html

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

456

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2019

H.D. 2

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO PUBLIC SAFETY.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


     SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that public safety officers, including state deputy sheriffs, provide invaluable societal contributions by risking their lives each day in service to Hawaii's residents.  The legislature also finds that public safety officers are in a position of public trust as the guardians and protectors of the State's communities.  This role requires extending respect and compassion to the people of the State while also holding individuals accountable for criminal conduct.

     The legislature further finds that public safety officers are frequently in harm's way and must quickly make difficult decisions while under stress.  The legislature finds that because of the gravity of these decisions, the people of the State and public safety officers themselves rely on and expect thorough training and accountability.

     The purpose of this Act is to support the role of public safety officers by requiring the department of public safety to require training for its deputy sheriffs in less than lethal use of force and to appropriate funds for training, equipment, and related records management.

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 353C, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

     "§353C-    Less than lethal use of force training and equipment.  (a)  The department shall develop policies and procedures to govern the use of force, including policies related to training and equipment.  The director shall require all deputy sheriffs appointed pursuant to this chapter to complete an initial less than lethal use of force training course and comply with subsequent annual training requirements.

     (b)  The department shall include the following as the core of any less than lethal use of force training curricula developed pursuant to this section:

     (1)  De-escalation in patrol tactics and interpersonal communication training, including tactical methods that use time, distance, cover, and concealment to avoid escalating situations that lead to violence;

     (2)  Alternatives to jail booking, arrest, or citation in situations where appropriate;

     (3)  Information regarding implicit and explicit bias, cultural competency, and the historical intersection of race and policing;

     (4)  Skills, including de-escalation techniques, to effectively, safely, and respectfully interact with people with disabilities or behavioral health issues;

     (5)  "Shoot/don't shoot" scenario training;

     (6)  Alternatives to the use of physical or deadly force so that de-escalation tactics and less than lethal alternatives are part of the decision-making process leading up to the consideration of the use of deadly force;

     (7)  Information regarding mental health and policing, including bias;

     (8)  Community involvement in the delivery of training to give a better understanding of community perspectives;

     (9)  Use of public service, including rendering first aid, to provide a positive point of contact between law enforcement officers and community members; and

    (10)  Use of specialized equipment for the deployment of less than lethal force.

     (c)  The department is encouraged to:

     (1)  Provide training pursuant to this section alone or in partnership with other law enforcement agencies or contracted private parties, or authorize other law enforcement agencies or contracted private parties to provide the training; and

     (2)  Maintain records to monitor and track all training activity pursuant to this section."

     SECTION 3.  There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $         or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019-2020 and the same sum or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2020-2021 for the development and implementation of less than lethal use of force training and related records management for the deputy sheriffs of the department of public safety.

     The sums appropriated shall be expended by the department of public safety for the purposes of this Act.

     SECTION 4.  There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $         or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2019-2020 and the same sum or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2020-2021 for the purchase and maintenance of less than lethal equipment, including weapons, for use by the department of public safety deputy sheriffs certified in the less than lethal use of force.

     The sums appropriated shall be expended by the department of public safety for the purposes of this Act.

SECTION 5.  This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2050.



 

Report Title:

Public Safety; Deputy Sheriffs; Less Than Lethal Weapons; Training; Acquisition; Appropriations

 

Description:

Requires the Director of Public Safety to develop policies and procedures to govern the use of force, including training and equipment, by deputy sheriffs.  Requires the PSD Director to require less than lethal use of force training.  Encourages PSD to maintain training activity records.  Appropriates funds.  (HB456 HD1)

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.

 

 

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