Bill Text: DE HB13 | 2017-2018 | 149th General Assembly | Draft
Bill Title: An Act To Amend Titles 11, 16, And 22 Of The Delaware Code Relating To Dogs.
Spectrum: Moderate Partisan Bill (Democrat 6-1)
Status: (Engrossed) 2016-12-15 - Introduced and Assigned to Health & Human Development Committee in House [HB13 Detail]
Rep. Potter & Sen. Sokola
Reps. Baumbach, Bolden, Briggs King, K. Williams; Sen. Henry
DELAWARE STATE HOUSE
149th GENERAL ASSEMBLY
HOUSE BILL NO. 13
AN ACT TO AMEND TITLES 11, 16, AND 22 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO DOGS.
WHEREAS, the Delaware Code provides a uniform definition for determining whether a dog should be considered a “dangerous animal” based on behavior; and
WHEREAS, the public welfare is best served by consistent application of the law throughout the State of Delaware;
BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE (Two-thirds of all members elected to each house thereof concurring therein):
§ 1327. Maintaining a dangerous animal; class E felony; class F felony; class A misdemeanor.
(a) A person is guilty of maintaining a dangerous animal when such person knowingly or recklessly owns, controls or has custody over any dangerous animal which causes death, serious physical injury or physical injury to another person or which causes death or serious injury to another animal.
(b) For the purposes of this section, "dangerous animal" means any dog or other animal which:
(1) Had been declared dangerous or potentially dangerous
by the Dog Control Panel pursuant to subchapter III of Chapter 17 of Title 7
by a Justice of the Peace Court pursuant to subchapter V of Chapter 30F of Title 16
(2) Had been trained for animal fighting, or that has been used primarily or occasionally for animal fighting;
(3) Had been intentionally trained so as to increase its viciousness, dangerousness or potential for unprovoked attacks upon human beings or other animals; or
(4) Has an individualized and known propensity, tendency or disposition, specific to the individual dog, for viciousness, dangerousness or unprovoked attacks upon human beings or other animals.
(c) No dog shall be considered dangerous or potentially dangerous solely because of the dog’s breed or perceived breed.
In any prosecution under this section it shall be an affirmative defense that at the time of the attack during which physical injury or death was inflicted upon an animal:
(1) The animal which was injured or killed had entered onto the real property of the owner or custodian of the dangerous animal without permission;
(2) The animal which was injured or killed had provoked the attack by menacing, biting or attacking the dangerous animal or its owner or custodian; or
(3) The owner or custodian of the dangerous animal was in full compliance with the applicable provisions of
subchapter III of Chapter 17 of Title 7
subchapter V of Chapter 30F of Title 16
, including the requirements pertaining to confinement, restraint and muzzling.
§ 3077F. Finding to declare a dog potentially dangerous; duties of owner.
(a) The Justice of the Peace Court may declare a dog to be potentially dangerous if it finds by clear and convincing evidence that the dog has done any of the following:
(1) Attacked or inflicted physical injury upon a human being.
(2) Attacked or inflicted serious physical injury upon a domestic animal, provided the domestic animal was on the property of its owner or under the immediate control of its owner.
(3) Chased or pursued a person, including a person on a bicycle, upon the streets, sidewalks, or any public or private property, other than the dog owner's property, in an apparent attitude of attack on 2 separate occasions within a 12-month period.
(b) No dog may be declared potentially dangerous based solely on the dog’s breed or perceived breed.
§ 116. Dogs.
The municipal governments shall enact no law, ordinance, or regulation relating to dogs, or restrictions on dogs, based on a dog’s breed or perceived breed.
This bill provides Statewide consistency in the law that protects the public from dangerous dogs and clarifies that dogs may not be held potentially dangerous or dangerous for animal control enforcement or for purposes of criminal liability based solely on breed-specific criteria. Findings to deem a dog dangerous will be based on actions of the dog, or an individualized demonstration of vicious behavior. It also prohibits municipalities from enacting breed-specific ordinances or regulations. The bill deletes outdated references to the now-defunct Dog Control Panel and replaces them with reference to the Justice of the Peace Court procedure laid out in Chapter 30F of Title 16.