Bill Text: CA AB3162 | 2023-2024 | Regular Session | Introduced

NOTE: There are more recent revisions of this legislation. Read Latest Draft
Bill Title: Octopus: aquaculture: sale: prohibition.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 3-0)

Status: (Engrossed) 2024-05-15 - Referred to Com. on N.R. & W. [AB3162 Detail]

Download: California-2023-AB3162-Introduced.html


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2023–2024 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 3162


Introduced by Assembly Members Bennett and Friedman

February 16, 2024


An act to add Section 15007.5 to the Fish and Game Code, relating to fish and wildlife.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 3162, as introduced, Bennett. Octopus: aquaculture: sale: prohibition.
Existing law provides for the regulation and development of aquaculture and requires the owner of each aquaculture facility to register with the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Existing law makes it unlawful to spawn, incubate, or cultivate any transgenic species of finfish belonging to the family Salmonidae anywhere in this state, except as specified. A violation of the Fish and Game Code is a crime.
This bill would prohibit a person from engaging in an aquaculture activity in the state that involves the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, or harvest of any species of octopus for the purpose of human consumption. The bill would prohibit a business owner or operator from knowingly engaging in the sale in the state of octopus that is the result of an aquaculture activity that involves the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, or harvest of any species of octopus. The bill would define “aquaculture activity” as including the use of land-based recirculating aquaculture systems. By creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Octopuses are highly intelligent, curious, problem-solving animals. They are conscious, sentient beings that exhibit cognitive and behavioral complexity, and are capable of experiencing pain, stress, and fear, as well as pleasure, equanimity, and social bonds.
(b) Octopuses have long-term memory and are capable of retaining information and recognizing individual people. The octopus carries out extensive foraging trips and uses landmarks to navigate the course.
(c) Octopuses have a well-developed nervous system, large brains relative to their body size, and a high level of problem-solving ability. They are known for their ability to learn, use tools, and exhibit behaviors that suggest a level of consciousness. Octopuses also display flexibility in their responses to different situations, which is indicative of cognitive complexity.
(d) In a November 2021 London School of Economics analysis of over 300 studies, researchers found that because of the asocial, solitary nature of these creatures, they can become aggressive toward each other when kept in confinement.
(e) Octopuses are carnivores, requiring aquatic animal protein in their diets. Thus, farming them will further deplete fish stocks. An octopus’ feed conversion ratio is approximately 3 to 1, so the weight of feed to sustain an octopus is around three times its weight. Nitrogen and phosphorus waste would be a product of octopus raised in confinement.

SEC. 2.

 Section 15007.5 is added to the Fish and Game Code, to read:

15007.5.
 (a) A person shall not engage in an aquaculture activity in the state that involves the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, or harvest of any species of octopus for the purpose of human consumption.
(b) A business owner or operator shall not knowingly engage in the sale in the state of octopus that is the result of an aquaculture activity that involves the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, or harvest of any species of octopus.
(c) For purposes of this section, “aquaculture activity” includes, but is not limited to, the use of land-based recirculating aquaculture systems.

SEC. 3.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.
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