Bill Text: AZ SCR1013 | 2024 | Fifty-sixth Legislature 2nd Regular | Engrossed


Bill Title: Schools; biological sex; requirements

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 1-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2024-02-26 - Senate third reading FAILED voting: (15-14-1-0) [SCR1013 Detail]

Download: Arizona-2024-SCR1013-Engrossed.html

 

 

 

Senate Engrossed

 

schools; biological sex; requirements

 

 

 

 

State of Arizona

Senate

Fifty-sixth Legislature

Second Regular Session

2024

 

 

SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION 1013

 

 

 

 

A Concurrent Resolution

 

enacting and ordering the submission to the people of a measure relating to public schools.

 

 

(TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)

 


Be it resolved by the Senate of the State of Arizona, the House of Representatives concurring:

1. Under the power of the referendum, as vested in the Legislature, the following measure, relating to public schools, is enacted to become valid as a law if approved by the voters and on proclamation of the Governor:

AN ACT

AMENDING TITLE 15, CHAPTER 1, ARTICLE 1, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES, BY ADDING SECTION 15-120.05; AMENDING TITLE 15, CHAPTER 5, ARTICLE 1, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES, BY ADDING SECTION 15-509; RELATING TO PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:

Section 1. Title 15, chapter 1, article 1, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding section 15-120.05, to read:

START_STATUTE15-120.05. Public schools; reasonable accommodations; restrooms; changing facilities; sleeping quarters; cause of action; definitions

A. A public school shall provide a reasonable accommodation to any person if all of the following apply:

1. The person, for any reason, is unwilling or unable to use a multioccupancy restroom or changing facility that is designated for the person's sex and that is located in a public school building or in multioccupancy sleeping quarters while the person attends a public school-sponsored activity.

2. The person Requests in writing a reasonable accommodation from the public school.

3. the person submits satisfactory evidence of the person's sex to the public school.

B. A reasonable accommodation may include either of the following:

1. Access to a single-occupancy restroom or changing facility.

2. Use of an employee restroom or changing facility.

C. A reasonable accommodation does not include access to a restroom or changing facility that is designated for use by persons of the opposite sex while persons of the opposite sex are present.

D. Public schools may adopt policies to implement this section, which may include:

1. Provisions necessary to accommodate persons protected under the Americans with disabilities act of 1990 (P.L. 101-336; 104 Stat. 327) or young children who need physical assistance when using restrooms or changing facilities that are located in public schools.

2. provisions authorizing a person to enter a multioccupancy restroom, a MULTIOCCUPANCY changing facility or MULTIOCCUPANCY sleeping quarters that are designated for use by persons of the opposite sex if the person enters the multioccupancy restroom, changing facility or sleeping quarters for one of the following purposes:

(a) To perform custodial or maintenance services while the multioccupancy restroom, changing facility or sleeping quarters are unoccupied.

(b) To provide emergency medical assistance.

(c) To maintain order or address a serious threat to student safety during an emergency situation, including a natural disaster.

E. Any person whose written request for a reasonable accommodation under this section is denied by a public school, an administrator of a public school or an employee of a public school has a private cause of action against the public school unless the public school can demonstrate that the accommodation would cause an undue hardship.

F. Except as provided in subsection G of this section, a person has a private cause of action against the public school if both of the following are met:

1. The person either:

(a) While in a multioccupancy restroom or changing facility that is designated for the person's sex and located in a public school building, encounters someone of the opposite sex.

(b) Is required by the public school to share sleeping quarters with someone of the opposite sex who is not a member of the person's family. For the purposes of this subdivision, "family" means a person's spouse, parent or guardian, child, sibling or grandparent.

2. the public school, an administrator of the public school or an employee of the public school gave the person of the opposite sex permission to use the restroom, changing facility or sleeping quarters.

G. A person does not have a private cause of action under subsection F of this section if either of the following applies:

1. The person of the opposite sex is a young child who is accompanied by an adult who is not a person of the opposite sex.

2. The person of the opposite sex is present in the multioccupancy restroom, multioccupancy changing facility or multioccupancy sleeping quarters consistent with the policies adopted pursuant to subsection D of this section.

h. Any claims arising under this section must be brought in superior court in the county where either the aggrieved person resides or the public school is located at the time of filing.

I. All civil actions brought pursuant to this section must be initiated within two years after the alleged violation occurred.

J. Any person who prevails on a claim brought pursuant to this section:

1. May recover monetary damages for all psychological, emotional and physical harm suffered.

2. Is entitled to recover reasonable attorney fees and costs.

K. This section does not limit other remedies at law or equity that are available to the aggrieved person against the public school.

L. For the purposes of this section:

1. "Changing Facility":

(a) Means a facility in which a person may be in a state of undress in the presence of others.

(b) Includes a locker room, changing room or shower room.

2. "Restroom" means a facility that includes one or more toilets or urinals.

3. "Satisfactory evidence" means either:

(a) A person's original birth certificate.

(b) A person's amended, corrected or otherwise modified birth certificate with a written statement by a physician attesting that the biological sex registered on the birth certificate is consistent with the person's chromosomal count.

4. "Sex" means a person's immutable biological sex as determined by anatomy, physiology, genetics and hormones existing at the time of the person's birth. END_STATUTE

Sec. 2. Title 15, chapter 5, article 1, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding section 15-509, to read:

START_STATUTE15-509. Pronouns; biological sex; parental permission; prohibition; policies; definition

a. An employee or independent contractor of a school district or charter school may not knowingly address, identify or refer to a student who is under eighteen years of age by either of the following unless the school district or charter school receives written permission from the student's parent:

1. A pronoun that differs from the pronoun that aligns with the student's biological sex.

2. A first name other than the first or middle name that is listed on the student's official school records, except that an employee or independent contractor may address, identify or refer to a student by a nickname that is commonly associated with the student's name of record.

B. A school district or charter school may not require an employee or independent contractor to address, identify or refer to a person by a pronoun that differs from the pronoun that aligns with the person's biological sex if doing so is contrary to the employee's or independent contractor's religious or moral convictions.

C. Each school district governing board and charter school governing body shall adopt policies to implement this section.

D. This section does not prohibit any person described in subsection A of this section from discussing matters of public concern outside the context of the person's official duties.

E. For the purposes of this section, "biological sex" means a person's immutable biological sex as determined by anatomy, physiology, genetics and hormones existing at the time of the person's birth. END_STATUTE

Sec. 3. Severability

If a provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of the act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are severable.

2. The Secretary of State shall submit this proposition to the voters at the next general election as provided by article IV, part 1, section 1, Constitution of Arizona.

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