Bill Text: AZ SB1305 | 2022 | Fifty-fifth Legislature 2nd Regular | Introduced


Bill Title: Juvenile court jurisdiction; classification; age

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 4-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2022-01-25 - Senate read second time [SB1305 Detail]

Download: Arizona-2022-SB1305-Introduced.html

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE TITLE: juvenile court jurisdiction; classification; age

 

 

 

 

State of Arizona

Senate

Fifty-fifth Legislature

Second Regular Session

2022

 

 

 

SB 1305

 

Introduced by

Senators Quezada: Terán; Representatives Andrade, Hernandez M

 

 

AN ACT

 

amending section 8-201, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending section 8-202, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by laws 2021, chapter 222, section 1 and chapter 240, section 1; repealing section 8-202, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended laws 2021, chapter 435, section 1; amending sections 8-208, 8-246, 8-272, 8-273, 8-291, 8-291.09, 8-302, 8-323, 8-341, 8-341.01, 8-342, 8-344, 8-348, 8-349, 8-371, 13-501, 13-921, 41-2801 and 41-2820, Arizona Revised Statutes; relating to the juvenile court.

 

 

(TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)

 


Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:

Section 1. Section 8-201, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-201. Definitions

In this title, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. "Abandoned" means the failure of the parent to provide reasonable support and to maintain regular contact with the child, including providing normal supervision. Abandoned includes a judicial finding that a parent has made only minimal efforts to support and communicate with the child. Failure to maintain a normal parental relationship with the child without just cause for a period of six months constitutes prima facie evidence of abandonment.

2. "Abuse" means the infliction or allowing of physical injury, impairment of bodily function or disfigurement or the infliction of or allowing another person to cause serious emotional damage as evidenced by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal or untoward aggressive behavior and which emotional damage is diagnosed by a medical doctor or psychologist and is caused by the acts or omissions of an individual who has the care, custody and control of a child. Abuse includes:

(a) Inflicting or allowing sexual abuse pursuant to section 13-1404, sexual conduct with a minor pursuant to section 13-1405, sexual assault pursuant to section 13-1406, molestation of a child pursuant to section 13-1410, commercial sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to section 13-3552, sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to section 13-3553, incest pursuant to section 13-3608 or child sex trafficking pursuant to section 13-3212.

(b) Physical injury that results from permitting allowing a child to enter or remain in any structure or vehicle in which volatile, toxic or flammable chemicals are found or equipment is possessed by any person for the purpose of manufacturing a dangerous drug as defined in section 13-3401.

(c) Unreasonable confinement of a child.

3. "Adult" means a person who is eighteen years of age or older or twenty-one years of age or older if the person is accused of or adjudicated delinquent for a misdemeanor offense.

4. "Adult court" means the appropriate justice court, municipal court or criminal division of the superior court that has jurisdiction to hear proceedings concerning offenses committed by juveniles as provided in sections 8-327 and 13-501.

5. "Award" or "commit" means to assign legal custody.

6. "Child", "youth" or "juvenile" means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the individual is accused of or adjudicated delinquent for a misdemeanor offense.

7. "Complaint" means a written statement of the essential facts constituting a public offense that is any of the following:

(a) Made on an oath before a judge or commissioner of the superior court or an authorized juvenile hearing officer.

(b) Made pursuant to section 13-3903.

(c) Accompanied by an affidavit of a law enforcement officer or employee that swears on information and belief to the accuracy of the complaint pursuant to section 13-4261.

8. "Criminal conduct allegation" means an allegation of conduct by a parent, guardian or custodian of a child or an adult member of the victim's household that, if true, would constitute any of the following:

(a) A violation of section 13-3623 involving child abuse.

(b) A felony offense that constitutes domestic violence as defined in section 13-3601.

(c) A violation of section 13-1404 or 13-1406 involving a minor.

(d) A violation of section 13-1405, 13-1410 or 13-1417.

(e) Any other act of abuse that is classified as a felony.

(f) An offense that constitutes domestic violence as defined in section 13-3601 and that involves a minor who is a victim of or was in imminent danger during the domestic violence.

9. "Custodian" means a person, other than a parent or legal guardian, who stands in loco parentis to the child or a person to whom legal custody of the child has been given by order of the juvenile court.

10. "DCS report" means a communication received by the centralized intake hotline that alleges child abuse or neglect and that meets the criteria for a report as prescribed in section 8-455.

11. "Delinquency hearing" means a proceeding in the juvenile court to determine whether a juvenile has committed a specific delinquent act as set forth in a petition.

12. "Delinquent act" means an act by a juvenile that if committed by an adult would be a criminal offense or a petty offense, a violation of any law of this state, or of another state if the act occurred in that state, or a law of the United States, or a violation of any law that can only be violated by a minor and that has been designated as a delinquent offense, or any ordinance of a city, county or political subdivision of this state defining crime. Delinquent act does not include an offense under section 13-501, subsection A or B if the offense is filed in adult court. Any juvenile who is prosecuted as an adult or who is remanded for prosecution as an adult shall not be adjudicated as a delinquent juvenile for the same offense.

13. "Delinquent juvenile" means a child who is adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act.

14. "Department" means the department of child safety.

15. "Dependent child":

(a) Means a child who is adjudicated to be:

(i) In need of proper and effective parental care and control and who has no parent or guardian, or one who has no parent or guardian willing to exercise or capable of exercising such care and control.

(ii) Destitute or who is not provided with the necessities of life, including adequate food, clothing, shelter or medical care.

(iii) A child whose home is unfit by reason of abuse, neglect, cruelty or depravity by a parent, a guardian or any other person having custody or care of the child.

(iv) Under eight years of age and who is found to have committed an act that would result in adjudication as a delinquent juvenile or incorrigible child if committed by an older juvenile or child.

(v) Incompetent or not restorable to competency and who is alleged to have committed a serious offense as defined in section 13-706.

(b) Does not include a child who in good faith is being furnished Christian Science treatment by a duly accredited practitioner if none of the circumstances described in subdivision (a) of this paragraph exists.

16. "Detention" means the temporary confinement of a juvenile who requires secure care in a physically restricting facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress for the protection of the juvenile or the community pending court disposition or as a condition of probation.

17. "Director" means the director of the department.

18. "Health professional" has the same meaning prescribed in section 32-3201.

19. "Incorrigible child" means a child who:

(a) Is adjudicated as a child who refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of a parent, guardian or custodian and who is beyond the control of that person.

(b) Is habitually truant from school as defined in section 15-803, subsection C.

(c) Is a runaway from the child's home or parent, guardian or custodian.

(d) Habitually behaves in such a manner as to injure or endanger the morals or health of self or others.

(e) Commits any act constituting an offense that can only be committed by a minor and that is not designated as a delinquent act.

(f) Fails to obey any lawful order of a court of competent jurisdiction given in a noncriminal action.

20. "Independent living program" includes a residential program with supervision of less than twenty-four hours a day.

21. "Juvenile court" means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency, dependency or incorrigibility.

22. "Law enforcement officer" means a peace officer, sheriff, deputy sheriff, municipal police officer or constable.

23. "Medical director of a mental health agency":

(a) Means a psychiatrist, or licensed physician experienced in psychiatric matters, who is designated in writing by the governing body of the agency as the person in charge of the medical services of the agency, or a psychiatrist designated by the governing body to act for the director.  The term

(b) Includes the superintendent of the state hospital.

24. "Mental health agency" means any private or public facility that is licensed by this state as a mental health treatment agency, a psychiatric hospital, a psychiatric unit of a general hospital or a residential treatment center for emotionally disturbed children and that uses secure settings or mechanical restraints.

25. "Neglect" or "neglected" means:

(a) The inability or unwillingness of a parent, guardian or custodian of a child to provide that child with supervision, food, clothing, shelter or medical care if that inability or unwillingness causes unreasonable risk of harm to the child's health or welfare, except if the inability of a parent, guardian or custodian to provide services to meet the needs of a child with a disability or chronic illness is solely the result of the unavailability of reasonable services.

(b) Permitting Allowing a child to enter or remain in any structure or vehicle in which volatile, toxic or flammable chemicals are found or equipment is possessed by any person for the purposes of manufacturing a dangerous drug as defined in section 13-3401.

(c) A determination by a health professional that a newborn infant was exposed prenatally to a drug or substance listed in section 13-3401 and that this exposure was not the result of a medical treatment administered to the mother or the newborn infant by a health professional. This subdivision does not expand a health professional's duty to report neglect based on prenatal exposure to a drug or substance listed in section 13-3401 beyond the requirements prescribed pursuant to section 13-3620, subsection E. The determination by the health professional shall be based on one or more of the following:

(i) Clinical indicators in the prenatal period including maternal and newborn presentation.

(ii) History of substance use or abuse.

(iii) Medical history.

(iv) Results of a toxicology or other laboratory test on the mother or the newborn infant.

(d) Diagnosis by a health professional of an infant under one year of age with clinical findings consistent with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects.

(e) Deliberate exposure of a child by a parent, guardian or custodian to sexual conduct as defined in section 13-3551 or to sexual contact, oral sexual contact or sexual intercourse as defined in section 13-1401, bestiality as prescribed in section 13-1411 or explicit sexual materials as defined in section 13-3507.

(f) Any of the following acts committed by the child's parent, guardian or custodian with reckless disregard as to whether the child is physically present:

(i) Sexual contact as defined in section 13-1401.

(ii) Oral sexual contact as defined in section 13-1401.

(iii) Sexual intercourse as defined in section 13-1401.

(iv) Bestiality as prescribed in section 13-1411.

26. "Newborn infant" means a child who is under thirty days of age.

27. "Petition" means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency.

28. "Prevention" means the creation of conditions, opportunities and experiences that encourage and develop healthy, self-sufficient children and that occur before the onset of problems.

29. "Protective supervision" means supervision that is ordered by the juvenile court of children who are found to be dependent or incorrigible.

30. "Qualified young adult" means a former dependent child who is at least eighteen years of age and not over twenty-one years of age, who meets the criteria for an extended foster care program pursuant to section 8-521.02 and who signs a voluntary agreement to participate in the program.

31. "Referral" means a report that is submitted to the juvenile court and that alleges that a child is dependent or incorrigible or that a juvenile has committed a delinquent or criminal act.

32. "Secure care" means confinement in a facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress.

33. "Serious emotional injury" means an injury that is diagnosed by a medical doctor or a psychologist and that does any one or a combination of the following:

(a) Seriously impairs mental faculties.

(b) Causes serious anxiety, depression, withdrawal or social dysfunction behavior to the extent that the child suffers dysfunction that requires treatment.

(c) Is the result of sexual abuse pursuant to section 13-1404, sexual conduct with a minor pursuant to section 13-1405, sexual assault pursuant to section 13-1406, molestation of a child pursuant to section 13-1410, child sex trafficking pursuant to section 13-3212, commercial sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to section 13-3552, sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to section 13-3553 or incest pursuant to section 13-3608.

34. "Serious physical injury" means an injury that is diagnosed by a medical doctor and that does any one or a combination of the following:

(a) Creates a reasonable risk of death.

(b) Causes serious or permanent disfigurement.

(c) Causes significant physical pain.

(d) Causes serious impairment of health.

(e) Causes the loss or protracted impairment of an organ or limb.

(f) Is the result of sexual abuse pursuant to section 13-1404, sexual conduct with a minor pursuant to section 13-1405, sexual assault pursuant to section 13-1406, molestation of a child pursuant to section 13-1410, child sex trafficking pursuant to section 13-3212, commercial sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to section 13-3552, sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to section 13-3553 or incest pursuant to section 13-3608.

35. "Shelter care" means the temporary care of a child in any public or private facility or home that is licensed by this state and that offers a physically nonsecure environment that is characterized by the absence of physically restricting construction or hardware and that provides the child access to the surrounding community.

36. "Young adult administrative review" means an administrative review of a voluntary extended foster care case plan with the qualified young adult, the department's case specialist or designee, an independent party who is not responsible for the case management of or the delivery of services to the qualified young adult and any other individual the young adult invites. END_STATUTE

Sec. 2. Section 8-202, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2021, chapter 222, section 1 and chapter 240, section 1, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-202. Jurisdiction of juvenile court

A. The juvenile court has original jurisdiction over all delinquency proceedings brought under the authority of this title.

B. The juvenile court has exclusive original jurisdiction over all proceedings brought under the authority of this title except for delinquency proceedings.

C. The juvenile court may consolidate any matter, except that the juvenile court shall not consolidate any of the following:

1. A criminal proceeding that is filed in another division of superior court and that involves a child who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.

2. A delinquency proceeding with any other proceeding that does not involve delinquency, unless the juvenile delinquency adjudication proceeding is not heard at the same time or in the same hearing as a nondelinquency proceeding.

D. The juvenile court has jurisdiction of proceedings to:

1. Obtain judicial consent to the marriage, employment or enlistment in the armed services of a child, if consent is required by law.

2. In an action in which parental rights are terminated pursuant to chapter 4, article 5 or 11 of this title, change the name of a minor child who is the subject of the action.  If the minor child who is the subject of the action is twelve years of age or older, the court shall consider the wishes of the child with respect to the name change.

E. The juvenile court has jurisdiction over civil traffic violations, civil marijuana violations and offenses listed in section 8-323, subsection B that are committed within the county by persons who are under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor unless the presiding judge of the county declines jurisdiction of these cases. The presiding judge of the county may decline jurisdiction of civil traffic violations and civil marijuana violations committed within the county by juveniles if the presiding judge finds that the declination would promote the more efficient use of limited judicial and law enforcement resources located within the county. If the presiding judge declines jurisdiction, juvenile civil traffic violations and civil marijuana violations shall be processed, heard and disposed of in the same manner and with the same penalties as adult civil traffic violations.

F. The orders of the juvenile court under the authority of this chapter or chapter 3 or 4 of this title take precedence over any order of any other court of this state except the court of appeals and the supreme court to the extent that they are inconsistent with orders of other courts. for the following:

1. An order entered in the criminal court concerning an ongoing case that governs a criminal defendant's ability to contact the victim, the family of the victim or other minor children if the criminal court makes a finding that contact with other minor children would pose a risk of harm to those children.

2. orders by the court of appeals and the supreme court to the extent they are inconsistent with orders of other courts.

G. Except as provided in subsection H of this section, jurisdiction of a child that is obtained by the juvenile court in a proceeding under this chapter or chapter 3 or 4 of this title shall be retained by it, for the purposes of implementing the orders made and filed in that proceeding, until the child becomes eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, unless terminated by order of the court before the child's eighteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

H. At any time before an adjudication hearing or a proceeding in which a juvenile is admitting to an allegation in a petition that alleges the juvenile is delinquent, the state may file a notice of intent to retain jurisdiction over a juvenile who is seventeen years of age.  If the state files a notice of intent to retain jurisdiction, the juvenile court's jurisdiction over a juvenile is retained on the filing of the notice and the court shall retain jurisdiction over the juvenile until the juvenile reaches nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, unless before the juvenile's nineteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor either:

1. Jurisdiction is terminated by order of the court.

2. The juvenile is discharged from the jurisdiction of the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to section 41-2820.

I. Persons who are under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor shall be prosecuted in the same manner as adults if either:

1. The juvenile court transfers jurisdiction pursuant to section 8-327.

2. The juvenile is charged as an adult with an offense listed in section 13-501.

J. The juvenile court shall retain jurisdiction after a juvenile's eighteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor for the purpose of:

1. Designating an undesignated felony offense as a misdemeanor or felony, including after an adjudication is set aside pursuant to section 8-348.

2. Modifying an outstanding monetary obligation imposed by the court except for victim restitution.

3. Implementing section 36-2862.

K. The juvenile court has jurisdiction to make the initial determination prescribed in section 8-829 whether the voluntary participation of a qualified young adult in an extended foster care program pursuant to section 8-521.02 is in the young adult's best interests. END_STATUTE

Sec. 3. Repeal

Section 8-202, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2021, chapter 435, section 1, is repealed.

Sec. 4. Section 8-208, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-208. Juvenile court records; public inspection; exceptions

A. The following records relating to a juvenile who is referred to juvenile court are open to public inspection:

1. Referrals involving delinquent acts, after the referrals have been made to the juvenile court or the county attorney has diverted the matter according to section 8-321.

2. Arrest records, after the juvenile is an accused as defined by section 13-501.

3. Delinquency hearings.

4. Disposition hearings.

5. A summary of delinquency, disposition and transfer hearings.

6. Revocation of probation hearings.

7. Appellate review.

8. Diversion proceedings involving delinquent acts.

B. On the request of an adult probation officer or state or local prosecutor, the juvenile court shall release to an adult probation department or prosecutor all information in its possession concerning a person who is charged with a criminal offense.

C. The juvenile court shall release all information in its possession concerning a person who is arrested for a criminal offense to superior court programs or departments, other court divisions or judges or as authorized by the superior court for the purpose of assisting in the determination of release from custody, bond and pretrial supervision.

D. On request by the appropriate jail authorities for the purpose of determining classification, treatment and security, the juvenile court shall release all information in its possession concerning persons who are under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, who have been transferred from juvenile court for criminal prosecution and who are being held in a county jail pending trial.

E. The court shall edit the records to protect the identity of the victim or the immediate family of the victim if the victim has died as a result of the alleged offense.

F. Except as otherwise provided by law, the records of an adoption, severance or dependency proceeding shall not be open to public inspection.

G. The court may order that the records be kept confidential and withheld from public inspection if the court determines that the subject matter of any record involves a clear public interest in confidentiality.

H. The disclosure of educational records received pursuant to section 15-141 shall comply with the family educational rights and privacy rights act of 1974 (20 United States Code section 1232g). END_STATUTE

Sec. 5. Section 8-246, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-246. Jurisdiction; length of commitment; placement; assessment

A. When jurisdiction of a juvenile has been acquired by the juvenile court, the juvenile shall continue under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court until the juvenile attains eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, unless sooner discharged pursuant to law. From the time of commitment to the department of juvenile corrections, a juvenile shall be subject to the control of the department of juvenile corrections until the juvenile's discharge pursuant to section 41-2820.

B. Except pursuant to section 8-341, subsection N and section 8-344, and unless the court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H:

1. The awarding of a juvenile shall not extend beyond the juvenile's eighteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

2. Commitment to the department of juvenile corrections shall be until the juvenile attains eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor unless sooner discharged by the department of juvenile corrections.

C. The supreme court in cooperation with the department of juvenile corrections and other state agencies shall develop a common risk needs assessment instrument to be used for each juvenile who is referred to the juvenile court.  The juvenile court shall update the risk needs assessment on each subsequent referral of the juvenile to the juvenile court, and the court shall use the risk needs assessment to determine the appropriate disposition of the juvenile. The supreme court in cooperation with the department of juvenile corrections shall develop guidelines to be used by juvenile court judges in determining those juveniles who should be committed to the department of juvenile corrections.

D. For the purposes of this section, "juvenile" includes a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, under nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor. END_STATUTE

Sec. 6. Section 8-272, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-272. Psychiatric acute care services; outpatient and inpatient assessments; definition

A. If a child exhibits behavior that indicates the child may suffer from a mental disorder or is a danger to self or others, an entity may request that the child receive an outpatient assessment or inpatient assessment.

B. A psychologist, psychiatrist or physician shall conduct an outpatient assessment at a time and place that is convenient for the psychologist, psychiatrist or physician and the child.  At the conclusion of the outpatient assessment, the psychologist, psychiatrist or physician shall recommend that the child be either:

1. Provided with outpatient treatment services.

2. Admitted to a psychiatric acute care facility for inpatient assessment or inpatient psychiatric acute care services.

3. Provided with residential treatment services.

4. Discharged to the entity without further psychological or psychiatric services because the child does not suffer from a mental disorder, is not a danger to self or others or is not a child with a persistent or acute disability or grave disability.

C. A psychologist, psychiatrist or physician shall conduct an inpatient assessment within seventy-two hours after a child is admitted to an inpatient assessment facility, excluding weekends and holidays.  At the conclusion of the inpatient assessment, the psychologist, psychiatrist or physician shall recommend that the child be either:

1. Admitted to a psychiatric acute care facility for inpatient psychiatric acute care services.

2. Discharged to an entity and provided with outpatient treatment services.

3. Provided with residential treatment services.

4. Discharged to the entity without further psychological or psychiatric services because the child does not suffer from a mental disorder, is not a danger to self or others or is not a child with a persistent or acute disability or grave disability.

D. Within twenty-four hours after a child is admitted for an inpatient assessment, excluding weekends and holidays, the entity shall file a motion for approval of admission for inpatient assessment with the juvenile court.  The motion shall include all of the following:

1. The name and address of the inpatient assessment facility.

2. The name of the psychologist, psychiatrist or physician who is likely to perform the inpatient assessment.

3. The date and time the child was admitted to the inpatient assessment facility.

4. A short statement explaining why the child needs an inpatient assessment.

E. An entity that files a motion under subsection D of this section shall provide a copy of the motion to all of the parties and their attorneys. The court shall rule on the motion without response from any party, except that any party may request a hearing to review the child's admission for an inpatient assessment.  If the court grants a hearing, the court shall set the hearing on an accelerated basis.

F. If the psychologist, psychiatrist or physician who performed the outpatient assessment or inpatient assessment of the child recommends that the child receive inpatient acute care psychiatric services, the entity may file a motion for inpatient psychiatric acute care services with the juvenile court. If the psychologist, psychiatrist or physician makes this recommendation after conducting an inpatient assessment, the entity shall file the motion for inpatient psychiatric acute care services within twenty-four hours after the completion of the inpatient assessment, excluding weekends and holidays. The motion shall include all of the following:

1. A copy of the written report of the results of the inpatient assessment or outpatient assessment, including:

(a) The reason why inpatient psychiatric acute care services are in the child's best interests.

(b) The reason why inpatient psychiatric acute care services are the least restrictive available treatment.

(c) A diagnosis of the child's condition that requires inpatient psychiatric acute care services.

(d) The estimated length of time that the child will require inpatient psychiatric acute care services.

2. A written statement from the medical director of the proposed inpatient psychiatric acute care facility or the medical director's designee that the facility's services are appropriate to meet the child's mental health needs.

G. As soon as practicable after the filing of a motion under subsection D or F of this section, the court shall appoint an attorney for the child if an attorney has not been previously appointed.  The court may also appoint a guardian ad litem for the child.

H. If a motion is filed pursuant to subsection F of this section, the court shall hold a hearing on the motion within seventy-two hours after the motion is filed, excluding weekends and holidays.  If the child has been admitted for an inpatient assessment, the child may remain at the inpatient assessment facility until the court rules on the motion.

I. If a child is admitted for an inpatient assessment and an entity fails to file a motion pursuant to and within the time limit prescribed in subsection F of this section, the child shall be discharged from the inpatient assessment facility.

J. If the court approves the admission of the child for inpatient psychiatric acute care services, the court shall find by clear and convincing evidence that both:

1. The child is suffering from a mental disorder or is a danger to self or others and requires inpatient psychiatric acute care services.

2. Available alternatives to inpatient psychiatric acute care services were considered, but that inpatient psychiatric acute care services are the least restrictive available alternative.

K. The court shall review the child's continuing need for inpatient psychiatric acute care services at least every sixty days after the date of the treatment order. The inpatient psychiatric acute care facility shall submit a progress report to the court at least five days before the review and shall provide copies of the progress report to all of the parties, including the child's attorney and guardian ad litem.  On its own motion or on the motion of a party, the court may hold a hearing on the child's continuing need for inpatient psychiatric acute care services. If requested by the child, the court shall hold a hearing unless the court has held a review hearing within sixty days before the child's request.  If requested by the child, the court may hold a hearing at any time for good cause shown. The progress report shall make recommendations and shall include at least the following:

1. The nature of the treatment provided, including any medications and the child's current diagnosis.

2. The child's need for continued inpatient psychiatric acute care services, including the estimated length of the services.

3. A projected discharge date.

4. The level of care required by the child and the potential placement options that are available to the child on discharge.

5. A statement from the medical director of the inpatient psychiatric acute care facility or the medical director's designee as to whether inpatient psychiatric acute care services are necessary to meet the child's mental health needs and whether the facility that is providing the inpatient psychiatric acute care services to the child is the least restrictive available alternative.

L. If a child is transferred from an inpatient psychiatric acute care facility to another inpatient psychiatric acute care facility, no new inpatient assessment or outpatient assessment is required.  Unless the court orders otherwise due to an emergency, an entity shall file a notice of transfer with the juvenile court at least five days before the transfer of the child.  The notice shall include all of the following:

1. The name and address of the facility to which the child is being transferred and the date of the transfer.

2. A statement from the medical director of the receiving inpatient psychiatric acute care facility or the medical director's designee that the receiving facility is an appropriate facility to meet the child's mental health needs and that it is the least restrictive available alternative.

3. A statement that the entity has contacted the child's attorney or guardian ad litem and whether the child or the child's attorney or guardian ad litem opposes the transfer.

M. Any party may request a hearing to review the transfer of a child to another inpatient psychiatric acute care facility pursuant to subsection L of this section.

N. Within fifteen days after a child is discharged, the inpatient psychiatric acute care facility shall prepare a discharge summary.  Within twenty days after a child is discharged, an entity shall file a notice of discharge with the juvenile court.  The notice shall include:

1. A statement of the child's current placement.

2. A statement of the mental health services that are being provided to the child and the child's family.

3. A copy of the discharge summary that is prepared by a mental health professional.

O. When possible, the child's attorney shall communicate with the child within twenty-four hours after a motion is filed pursuant to subsection D or F of this section, excluding weekends and holidays. The child's attorney shall discuss treatment recommendations and shall advise the child of the child's right to request a hearing.  The child's attorney or designee shall attend all court hearings related to the child's inpatient assessment or inpatient psychiatric acute care services and shall be prepared to report to the court the child's position on any recommended assessments or treatment.  The child may attend any hearing unless the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that allowing the child to attend would not be in the child's best interests.

P. If the child is a dually adjudicated child, the entity that requests an order for inpatient psychiatric acute care services shall notify any other entity of all notices, motions, hearings or other proceedings related to the provision of inpatient psychiatric acute care services.  Any entity may attend and participate in all hearings or other proceedings relating to the provision of inpatient psychiatric acute care services to a dually adjudicated child.

Q. Section 8-273 applies if residential treatment services are recommended after an inpatient assessment or outpatient assessment or any inpatient psychiatric acute care treatment.  Section 8-341.01 applies if a child who is adjudicated delinquent or incorrigible and who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court requires residential treatment services. Section 41-2815 applies if a child who is committed to the department of juvenile corrections requires residential treatment services.

R. Information and records that are obtained or created in the course of any assessment, examination or treatment are subject to the confidentiality requirements of section 36-509, except that information and records may be provided to the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to section 8-341.

S. For the purposes of this section, "child" means a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, under nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor and who is either:

1. Found to be dependent or temporarily subject to court jurisdiction pending an adjudication of a dependency petition.

2. In the temporary custody of the department pursuant to section 8-821.

3. Detained in a juvenile court detention facility.

4. Committed to the department of juvenile corrections.

5. Found to be delinquent and subject to probation supervision. END_STATUTE

Sec. 7. Section 8-273, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-273. Residential treatment services; definition

A. If a child exhibits behavior that indicates the child may suffer from a mental disorder or if it is recommended as a result of an outpatient assessment or inpatient assessment pursuant to section 8-272 that a child receive residential treatment services, an entity may file a motion requesting that the juvenile court order a child to receive residential treatment services. If the motion states that all parties, including counsel for the child, have been contacted and are in agreement, the court is not required to set a hearing on the motion.

B. A motion for residential treatment services shall be supported by a written psychological, psychiatric or medical assessment recommending residential treatment services. The court may waive the written assessment on a finding of good cause. The written assessment shall include at least the following:

1. The reason why residential treatment services are in the child's best interests.

2. The reason why residential treatment services are the least restrictive treatment available.

3. The reason why the child's behavioral, psychological, social or mental health needs require residential treatment services.

4. The estimated length of time that the child will require residential treatment services.

C. A motion for residential treatment services shall be supported by a written statement from the medical or clinical director of the residential treatment facility or the director's designee that the facility's services are appropriate to meet the child's needs.

D. As soon as practicable after an entity files a motion under subsection A of this section, the court shall appoint an attorney for the child if an attorney has not been previously appointed. The court may also appoint a guardian ad litem for the child.

E. The child's attorney shall discuss the treatment recommendations with the child. The child's attorney or designee shall attend all court hearings related to the child's placement in a residential treatment facility and shall be prepared to report to the court on the child's position regarding any recommendations or requests related to the provision of residential treatment services. The child may appear at any hearing, unless the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that allowing the child to attend the hearing would not be in the child's best interests.

F. If the court orders a child to receive residential treatment services, the court shall find by clear and convincing evidence that both:

1. The child requires residential treatment services to address the child's behavioral, psychological, social or mental health needs.

2. Available alternatives to residential treatment services were considered, but that residential treatment services are the least restrictive available alternative.

G. The court shall review the child's continuing need for residential treatment services at least every sixty days from the date of the treatment order.  The residential treatment facility shall submit a progress report to the court at least five days before the review and shall provide copies of its report to all of the parties, including the child's attorney and guardian ad litem.  The progress report shall include the recommendations of the child's treatment facility and shall include at least the following:

1. The nature of the treatment provided, including any medications and the child's current diagnosis.

2. The child's need for continued residential treatment services, including the estimated length of the services.

3. A projected discharge date.

4. The level of care required by the child and the potential placement options that are available to the child on discharge.

5. A statement from the medical or clinical director of the residential treatment services facility or the director's designee as to whether residential treatment services are necessary to meet the child's needs and whether the facility that is providing the residential treatment services to the child is the least restrictive available alternative.

H. On its own motion or on the motion of a party, the court may schedule a hearing concerning the child's continuing need for residential treatment services.  If requested by the child, the court shall schedule a hearing unless the court has held a review hearing within sixty days before the child's request. If requested by the child, the court may hold a hearing at any time for good cause shown.

I. If the child is a dually adjudicated child, the entity that requests an order for residential treatment services shall notify any other entity of all notices, motions, hearings or other proceedings related to the provision of residential treatment services. Any entity may attend and participate in all hearings or other proceedings relating to the provision of residential treatment services to a dually adjudicated child.

J. Information or records that are obtained or created pursuant to any assessment, examination or treatment are subject to the confidentiality requirements of section 36-509, except that information and records may be provided to the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to section 8-341.

K. This section does not apply to a child who is either:

1. Committed to the department of juvenile corrections. Section 41-2815 applies if a child who is committed to the department of juvenile corrections requires residential treatment services.

2. Adjudicated delinquent or incorrigible and who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.  Section 8-341.01 applies if a child who is adjudicated delinquent or incorrigible and who is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court requires residential treatment services.

L. For the purposes of this section, "child" means a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, under nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is a misdemeanor and who is either:

1. Found to be dependent or temporarily subject to court jurisdiction pending an adjudication of a dependency petition.

2. In the temporary custody of the department pursuant to section 8-821. END_STATUTE

Sec. 8. Section 8-291, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-291. Definitions

In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. "Clinical liaison" means a mental health expert or another individual who has experience and training in mental health or developmental disabilities and who is qualified and appointed by the court to aid in coordinating the treatment or training of juveniles who are found incompetent to stand trial. If developmental disability is an issue, the clinical liaison shall be an expert in developmental disability.

2. "Incompetent" means a juvenile who does not have sufficient present ability to consult with the juvenile's lawyer with a reasonable degree of rational understanding or who does not have a rational and factual understanding of the proceedings against the juvenile.  Age alone does not render a person incompetent.

3. "Juvenile" means a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor at the time the issue of competency is raised.

4. "Mental health expert" means a physician who is licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 13 or 17 or a psychologist who is licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 19.1 and who is all of the following:

(a) Familiar with this state's competency standards and statutes.

(b) Familiar with the treatment, training and restoration programs that are available in this state.

(c) Certified by the court as meeting court developed guidelines. END_STATUTE

Sec. 9. Section 8-291.09, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-291.09. Restoration order; commitment

A. The court may order a juvenile to participate in an outpatient or inpatient competency restoration program or may commit the juvenile for competency restoration to the state hospital or another facility.  The juvenile court shall approve all competency restoration programs. In determining the type and location of the program, the court shall select the least restrictive alternative after making a finding of probable cause and considering the following:

1. If confinement is necessary for program participation.

2. If the juvenile meets the civil commitment criteria under title 36, chapter 5.

B. The court may appoint a guardian ad litem for a juvenile who is ordered to participate in an inpatient or outpatient program pursuant to this section.  The guardian ad litem shall both:

1. Coordinate the continuity of care following restoration.

2. In cooperation with the restoration program, advise the court on matters relating to the appropriateness of the form and location of the program and, on request of the court, shall submit a written report.  The court shall distribute copies of any report to the prosecutor and the defense attorney. The privilege against self-incrimination applies to all reports and communications with the juvenile.

C. An order entered pursuant to this section shall state if the juvenile is incompetent to refuse treatment pursuant to section 13-4511, including medication.

D. The state shall pay the costs of an inpatient competency restoration program at the state hospital until either:

1. Ten days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays or other legal holidays, after the hospital submits a report to the court stating that the juvenile has regained competence or that there is no substantial probability that the juvenile will regain competency within six months after the date of the original finding of incompetency.

2. The restoration order expires.

3. Seven days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays or other legal holidays, after the charges are dismissed.

E. The state shall pay the costs of a restoration program for a juvenile who is a ward of the court unless the court orders otherwise. If the court orders otherwise, the county shall pay the costs of the restoration program, or if the proceeding arises out of municipal court, the political subdivision shall pay the costs of the restoration program.

F. A restoration order that is issued pursuant to this section is valid for one hundred eighty days from the date of the initial finding of incompetency or until one of the following occurs, whichever occurs first:

1. The restoration program submits a report that the juvenile has regained competency or that there is no substantial probability that the juvenile will regain competency within the period of the order.

2. The charges are dismissed.

3. The juvenile reaches eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor. END_STATUTE

Sec. 10. Section 8-302, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-302. Transfer between juvenile and criminal courts

A. If during the pendency of a criminal charge in any court of this state the court determines that the defendant is a juvenile who is not subject to prosecution as an adult pursuant to section 13-501, the court shall transfer the case to the juvenile court, together with all of the original accusatory pleadings and other papers, documents and transcripts of any testimony relating to the case. On transfer, the court shall order that the defendant be taken to a place of detention designated by the juvenile court or to that court itself or shall release the juvenile to the custody of the juvenile's parent or guardian or any other person legally responsible for the juvenile. If the juvenile is released to the juvenile's parent or guardian or any other person legally responsible for the juvenile, the court shall require that the parent, guardian or other person bring the juvenile to appear before the juvenile court at a designated time. The juvenile court shall then proceed with all further proceedings as if a petition alleging delinquency had been filed with the juvenile court under section 8-301 on the effective date of the transfer. This subsection does not apply to a juvenile who is subject to prosecution pursuant to section 13-501 but who is convicted of an offense not listed in section 13-501.

B. If during the pendency of a criminal charge in any court of this state the court determines that the defendant is a juvenile who is subject to prosecution as an adult pursuant to section 13-501, subsection B, on motion of the prosecutor the court shall transfer the case to the juvenile court, together with all of the original accusatory pleadings and other papers, documents and transcripts of any testimony relating to the case. On transfer, the court shall order that the juvenile be taken to a place of detention designated by the juvenile court or to that court itself or shall release the juvenile to the custody of the juvenile's parent or guardian or any other person legally responsible for the juvenile. If the juvenile is released to the juvenile's parent or guardian or any other person legally responsible for the juvenile, the court shall require that the parent, guardian or other person bring the juvenile to appear before the juvenile court at a designated time. The juvenile court shall then proceed with all further proceedings as if a petition alleging delinquency had been filed with the juvenile court under section 8-301 on the effective date of the transfer.

C. During the pendency of a delinquency action in any court of this state, on the motion of the prosecution and before the adjudication hearing, the court shall dismiss without prejudice any count in the petition charging an offense for which the juvenile is subject to prosecution as an adult pursuant to section 13-501 to allow criminal charges to be filed.

D. If a juvenile reaches eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor during the pendency of a delinquency action or before completion of the sentence in any court in this state for an act that if committed by an adult would be a misdemeanor or petty offense or a civil traffic violation, the court shall transfer the case to the appropriate criminal court, together with all of the original accusatory pleadings and other papers, documents and transcripts of any testimony relating to the case and any sentencing order. The appropriate criminal court shall then proceed with all further proceedings as if a uniform Arizona traffic ticket and complaint form or a complaint alleging a misdemeanor or petty offense or a civil traffic violation had been filed with the appropriate criminal court pursuant to section 13-3903 or the Arizona rules of criminal procedure, the rules of procedure in traffic cases or the rules of procedure in civil traffic violation cases. END_STATUTE

Sec. 11. Section 8-323, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-323. Juvenile hearing officer; appointment; term; compensation; hearings; required attendance; contempt

A. The judge of the juvenile court, or in counties having more than one judge of the juvenile court, the presiding judge of the juvenile court, may appoint one or more persons of suitable experience who may be magistrates or justices of the peace to serve as juvenile hearing officers on a full-time or part-time basis. The county board of supervisors shall approve the appointment of justices of the peace as juvenile hearing officers. The local governing body shall approve the appointment of municipal judges as juvenile hearing officers. The juvenile hearing officer serves at the pleasure of the appointing judge. The appointing judge, with the approval of the board of supervisors, shall determine whether any compensation shall be paid to a juvenile hearing officer who is not otherwise employed by a public agency or holding another public office and shall establish the amounts and rates of the compensation.

B. Subject to the orders of the juvenile court a juvenile hearing officer may hear and determine juvenile pretrial detention hearings and may process, adjudicate and dispose of all cases that are not classified as felonies and in which a juvenile who is under eighteen twenty-one years of age on the date of the alleged offense is charged with violating any law relating to the following:

1. Any provision of title 28 not declared to be a felony.

2. The purchase, possession or consumption of spirituous liquor by a juvenile.

3. Boating or game and fish.

4. Curfew.

5. Truancy.

6. The damage or disfigurement of property by graffiti or the purchase or possession of materials with the intent to use the materials for graffiti.

7. The purchase or possession of tobacco.

8. Any city, town or political subdivision ordinance.

9. Interference with judicial proceedings involving disobeying or resisting the lawful order, process or other mandate of a juvenile hearing officer or failure to appear related to any offense in this section.

10. A civil violation involving the possession and personal use of marijuana, marijuana products and marijuana paraphernalia.

C. A hearing before the juvenile hearing officer or a hearing before a commissioner or a judge of the juvenile court in which the juvenile is charged with any offense set forth in this section may be conducted on an exact legible copy of a written notice to appear, including a uniform Arizona traffic ticket and complaint form, that states, at a minimum, the name and address of the juvenile, the offense charged and the time and place the juvenile shall appear in court.

D. The juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court shall not dispose of a petition or citation for any offense under this section unless the parent, guardian or custodian of the juvenile appears in court with the juvenile at the time of disposition of the charge. On a showing of good cause that the parent, guardian or custodian cannot appear on the date and time set by the court, the court may waive the requirement that the parent, guardian or custodian appear.  The court shall state on the record the reasons for waiving the requirement that the parent, guardian or custodian appear. At the time the court issues an order to appear or other order pursuant to this section, the court shall inform the juvenile that failure to appear or failure to comply with an order will result in suspension of the juvenile's driver license or privilege to drive.  If the juvenile fails to appear pursuant to a citation or an order to appear properly issued under this section or if on disposition fails to comply with any court order, the juvenile hearing officer shall order the department of transportation to suspend the juvenile's driver license or privilege to drive or shall direct the department of transportation to refuse to issue, renew or restore the juvenile's driver license or privilege to drive until the juvenile reaches eighteen twenty-one years of age or appears in court as directed or complies with the court's order.

E. If a parent, guardian or custodian fails to appear with the juvenile, and good cause for the failure to appear is not found as provided in subsection D of this section, the court shall issue an order to show cause to the parent, guardian or custodian as to why that person shall not be held in contempt.

F. Except as otherwise provided by law, on an admission by the juvenile of a violation charged pursuant to this section, or after a hearing, on the finding that the juvenile committed the violation, the juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court may do one or more of the following:

1. Place the juvenile on probation, except that a city magistrate or justice of the peace may only place the juvenile on unsupervised probation.

2. Transfer the citation to the juvenile court for all further proceedings.

3. Suspend the driving privileges of the juvenile, or restrict the juvenile's driving privileges for a period of not to exceed one hundred eighty days.

4. Order the juvenile to attend a traffic school or a counseling or education program approved by the presiding judge of the juvenile court or the supreme court.

5. Order the juvenile to pay the monetary assessment or penalty that is applicable to the offense. Except as provided in section 8-341, subsection S, the monetary assessment or penalty shall not exceed five hundred dollars $500 plus lawful surcharges and assessments payable to the public agency processing the violation. If no monetary assessment or penalty is specified for the offense, the juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court may order the juvenile to pay not more than one hundred fifty dollars $150 plus lawful surcharges and assessments payable to the public agency processing the violation.

6. In lieu of or in addition to a monetary assessment or penalty, order the juvenile to perform a program of work that does not conflict with the juvenile's regular schooling and employment, to repair the victim's property or to provide community restitution.

7. If the juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court determines that the person charged is eighteen or more years of age or twenty-one or more years of age is the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, transfer the matter to the appropriate criminal court having jurisdiction.

8. If the juvenile violated any truancy laws, require the juvenile and the juvenile's parents or guardians to participate in a specialized program consisting of counseling, supervision and education under the terms and conditions the juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court orders.

9. Order the juvenile and one or both of the juvenile's custodial parents to pay restitution to any person who suffered an economic loss as the result of the juvenile's conduct. The juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court shall not consider the ability of the juvenile's parents to pay restitution before making a restitution order. If the juvenile hearing officer, commissioner or judge of the superior court orders one or both of the juvenile's custodial parents to pay restitution, the amount of the order shall not exceed the liability limit established pursuant to section 12-661.

10. Impose sanctions authorized by section 8-343.

11. Reprimand the juvenile and take no further action.

G. A record of the proceedings before a juvenile hearing officer may be made by a court reporter, videotape or audiotape or any other method approved by the supreme court that accurately reproduces what occurred at the proceeding.

H. Within five days after receiving the citation, the juvenile hearing officer shall notify the juvenile court that the juvenile has been charged with an offense by citation and shall indicate the listed charges. The juvenile hearing officer shall retain jurisdiction of the case until all orders made under this section have been fully complied with.  Within five days after disposition, the juvenile hearing officer shall transmit a copy of the citation with the findings and disposition of the court noted on the copy to the juvenile court for record keeping purposes. If appropriate, the juvenile hearing officer shall transmit a copy of the citation to the department of transportation. If on disposition the juvenile fails to comply with any court order, the juvenile hearing officer, in the manner provided by subsection D of this section, may impose any of the sanctions prescribed in subsection F of this section.

I. Subject to an appeal pursuant to section 8-325 all orders of the juvenile hearing officer shall be effective immediately.

J. A city or town attorney or prosecutor shall act on behalf of the state in matters that are heard in a municipal court by a juvenile hearing officer pursuant to this section.  In these matters and on approval of the county attorney, with notice to the presiding judge of the juvenile court, the city or town attorney or the prosecutor may establish diversion programs for offenses other than offenses involving either:

1. A violation of section 28-1381, 28-1382 or 28-1383.

2. The purchase, possession or consumption of spirituous liquor or misdemeanor violations under title 13, chapter 34 if the juvenile has previously participated in a diversion program established pursuant to this subsection at least two times within twenty-four months before the date of the commission of the current offense. END_STATUTE

Sec. 12. Section 8-341, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-341. Disposition and commitment; definitions

A. After receiving and considering the evidence on the proper disposition of the case, the court may enter judgment as follows:

1. It may award a delinquent juvenile:

(a) To the care of the juvenile's parents, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

(b) To a probation department, subject to any conditions the court may impose, including a period of incarceration in a juvenile detention center of not more than one year.

(c) To a reputable citizen of good moral character, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

(d) To a private agency or institution, subject to the supervision of a probation officer.

(e) To the department of juvenile corrections.

(f) To maternal or paternal relatives, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

(g) To an appropriate official of a foreign country of which the juvenile is a foreign national who is unaccompanied by a parent or guardian in this state to remain on unsupervised probation for at least one year on the condition that the juvenile cooperate with that official.

2. It may award an incorrigible child:

(a) To the care of the child's parents, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

(b) To the protective supervision of a probation department, subject to any conditions the court may impose.

(c) To a reputable citizen of good moral character, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

(d) To a public or private agency, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

(e) To maternal or paternal relatives, subject to the supervision of a probation department.

B. If a juvenile is placed on probation pursuant to this section, the period of probation may continue until the juvenile's eighteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or until the juvenile's nineteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor if jurisdiction is retained pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, except that the term of probation shall not exceed one year if all of the following apply:

1. The juvenile is not charged with a subsequent offense.

2. The juvenile has not been found in violation of a condition of probation.

3. The court has not made a determination that it is in the best interests of the juvenile or the public to require continued supervision. The court shall state by minute entry or written order its reasons for finding that continued supervision is required.

4. The offense for which the juvenile is placed on probation does not involve a dangerous offense as defined in section 13-105.

5. The offense for which the juvenile is placed on probation does not involve a violation of title 13, chapter 14 or 35.1.

6. Restitution ordered pursuant to section 8-344 has been made.

C. If a juvenile is adjudicated as a first time felony juvenile offender, the court shall provide the following written notice to the juvenile:

This is your first felony offense. If you commit another felony offense and you are fourteen years of age or older, any of the following could happen to you:

1. You could be tried as an adult in adult criminal court.

2. You could be committed to the department of juvenile corrections.

3. You could be placed on juvenile intensive probation, which could include incarceration in a juvenile detention center.

D. If a juvenile is fourteen years of age or older and is adjudicated as a repeat felony juvenile offender, unless the court determines based on the severity of the offense and a risk assessment that juvenile intensive probation services are not required, the juvenile court shall place the juvenile on juvenile intensive probation, which may include incarceration in a juvenile detention center, or may commit the juvenile to the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivision (e) of this section.

E. If the juvenile is adjudicated as a repeat felony juvenile offender, the court shall provide the following written notice to the juvenile:

You are now a repeat felony offender.  This means:

1. You will be tried as an adult in adult criminal court if you commit another felony offense and you are fifteen years of age or older.

2. You could be tried as an adult in adult criminal court if you commit another felony offense when you are at least fourteen years of age.

3. You could be incarcerated in the state department of corrections if you are convicted as an adult in adult criminal court.

F. The failure or inability of the court to provide the notices required under subsections C and E of this section does not preclude the use of the prior adjudications for any purpose otherwise allowed.

G. Except as provided in subsection S of this section, after considering the nature of the offense and the age, physical and mental condition and earning capacity of the juvenile, the court shall order the juvenile to pay a reasonable monetary assessment if the court determines that an assessment is in aid of rehabilitation. If the director of the department of juvenile corrections determines that enforcement of an order for monetary assessment as a term and condition of conditional liberty is not cost-effective, the director may require the youth to perform an equivalent amount of community restitution in lieu of the payment ordered as a condition of conditional liberty.

H. If a child is adjudicated incorrigible, the court may impose a monetary assessment on the child of not more than $150.

I. A juvenile who is charged with unlawful purchase, possession or consumption of spirituous liquor is subject to section 8-323. The monetary assessment for a conviction of unlawful purchase, possession or consumption of spirituous liquor by a juvenile shall not exceed $500. The court of competent jurisdiction may order a monetary assessment or equivalent community restitution.

J. The court shall require the monetary assessment imposed under subsection G or H of this section on a juvenile who is not committed to the department of juvenile corrections to be satisfied in one or both of the following forms:

1. Monetary reimbursement by the juvenile in a lump sum or installment payments through the clerk of the superior court for appropriate distribution.

2. A program of work, not in conflict with regular schooling, to repair damage to the victim's property, to provide community restitution or to provide the juvenile with a job for wages. The court order for restitution or monetary assessment shall specify, according to the dispositional program, the amount of reimbursement and the portion of wages of either existing or provided work that is to be credited toward satisfaction of the restitution or assessment, or the nature of the work to be performed and the number of hours to be spent working. The number of hours to be spent working shall be set by the court based on the severity of the offense but shall not be less than sixteen hours.

K. If a juvenile is committed to the department of juvenile corrections, the court shall specify the amount of the monetary assessment imposed pursuant to subsection G or H of this section.

L. After considering the length of stay guidelines developed pursuant to section 41-2816, subsection C, the court may set forth in the order of commitment the minimum period during which the juvenile shall remain in secure care while in the custody of the department of juvenile corrections. When the court awards a juvenile to the department of juvenile corrections or an institution or agency, it shall transmit with the order of commitment copies of a diagnostic psychological evaluation and educational assessment if one has been administered, copies of the case report, all other psychological and medical reports, restitution orders, any request for postadjudication notice that has been submitted by a victim and any other documents or records pertaining to the case requested by the department of juvenile corrections or an institution or agency. The department shall not release a juvenile from secure care before the juvenile completes the length of stay determined by the court in the commitment order unless the county attorney in the county from which the juvenile was committed requests the committing court to reduce the length of stay.  The department may temporarily escort the juvenile from secure care pursuant to section 41-2804, may release the juvenile from secure care without a further court order after the juvenile completes the length of stay determined by the court or may retain the juvenile in secure care for any period subsequent to the completion of the length of stay in accordance with the law.

M. Written notice of the release of any juvenile pursuant to subsection L of this section shall be made to any victim requesting notice, the juvenile court that committed the juvenile and the county attorney of the county from which the juvenile was committed.

N. Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, if a person is under the supervision of the court as an adjudicated delinquent juvenile at the time the person reaches eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, treatment services may be provided until the person reaches twenty-one twenty-four years of age if the court, the person and the state agree to the provision of the treatment and a motion to transfer the person pursuant to section 8-327 has not been filed or has been withdrawn. The court may terminate the provision of treatment services after the person reaches eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor if the court determines that any of the following applies:

1. The person is not progressing toward treatment goals.

2. The person terminates treatment.

3. The person commits a new offense after reaching eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the new offense is a misdemeanor.

4. Continued treatment is not required or is not in the best interests of the state or the person.

O. On the request of a victim of an act that may have involved significant exposure as defined in section 13-1415 or that if committed by an adult would be a sexual offense, the prosecuting attorney shall petition the adjudicating court to require that the juvenile be tested for the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus. If the victim is a minor the prosecuting attorney shall file this petition at the request of the victim's parent or guardian. If the act committed against a victim is an act that if committed by an adult would be a sexual offense or the court determines that sufficient evidence exists to indicate that significant exposure occurred, it shall order the department of juvenile corrections or the department of health services to test the juvenile pursuant to section 13-1415.  Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, the department of juvenile corrections and the department of health services shall release the test results only to the victim, the delinquent juvenile, the delinquent juvenile's parent or guardian and a minor victim's parent or guardian and shall counsel them regarding the meaning and health implications of the results.

P. If a juvenile has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense that if committed by an adult would be an offense listed in section 41-1750, subsection C, the court shall provide the department of public safety Arizona automated fingerprint identification system established in section 41-2411 with the juvenile's ten-print fingerprints, personal identification data and other pertinent information. If a juvenile has been committed to the department of juvenile corrections the department shall provide the fingerprints and information required by this subsection to the Arizona automated fingerprint identification system. If the juvenile's fingerprints and information have been previously submitted to the Arizona automated fingerprint identification system the information is not required to be resubmitted.

Q. Access to fingerprint records submitted pursuant to subsection P of this section shall be limited to the administration of criminal justice as defined in section 41-1750. Dissemination of fingerprint information shall be limited to the name of the juvenile, juvenile case number, date of adjudication and court of adjudication.

R. If a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent for an offense that if committed by an adult would be a misdemeanor, the court may prohibit the juvenile from carrying or possessing a firearm while the juvenile is under the jurisdiction of the department of juvenile corrections or the juvenile court.

S. If a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent for a violation of section 13-1602, subsection A, paragraph 5, the court shall order the juvenile to pay a fine of at least $300 but not more than $1,000.  Any restitution ordered shall be paid in accordance with section 13-809, subsection A. The court may order the juvenile to perform community restitution in lieu of the payment for all or part of the fine if it is in the best interests of the juvenile. The court shall credit community restitution performed at a rate that is equal to the minimum wage prescribed by section 23-363, subsections A and B, rounded up to the nearest dollar. If the juvenile is convicted of a second or subsequent violation of section 13-1602, subsection A, paragraph 5 and is ordered to perform community restitution, the court may order the parent or guardian of the juvenile to assist the juvenile in the performance of the community restitution if both of the following apply:

1. The parent or guardian had knowledge that the juvenile intended to engage in or was engaging in the conduct that gave rise to the violation.

2. The parent or guardian knowingly provided the juvenile with the means to engage in the conduct that gave rise to the violation.

T. If a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent for an offense involving the purchase, possession or consumption of spirituous liquor or a violation of title 13, chapter 34 and is placed on juvenile probation, the court may order the juvenile to submit to random drug and alcohol testing at least two times per week as a condition of probation.

U. If jurisdiction of the juvenile court is retained pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, the court shall order continued probation supervision and treatment services until a child who has been adjudicated a delinquent juvenile reaches nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or until otherwise terminated by the court. The court may terminate continued probation supervision or treatment services before the child's nineteenth birthday or twenty-first birthday if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor if the court determines that continued probation supervision or treatment is not required or is not in the best interests of the juvenile or the state or the juvenile commits a criminal offense after reaching eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the new offense is a misdemeanor.

V. For the purposes of this section:

1. "First time felony juvenile offender" means a juvenile who is adjudicated delinquent for an offense that would be a felony offense if committed by an adult.

2. "Repeat felony juvenile offender" means a juvenile to whom both of the following apply:

(a) Is adjudicated delinquent for an offense that would be a felony offense if committed by an adult.

(b) Previously has been adjudicated a first time felony juvenile offender.

3. "Sexual offense" means oral sexual contact, sexual contact or sexual intercourse as defined in section 13-1401. END_STATUTE

Sec. 13. Section 8-341.01, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-341.01. Residential treatment services; definition

A. If at a disposition hearing or a subsequent hearing the court orders a delinquent juvenile or incorrigible child to receive residential treatment services, other than psychiatric acute care services as defined in section 8-271, the placement must be supported by a written psychological, psychiatric or medical evaluation recommending residential treatment services.  The court may waive the written evaluation for good cause shown.

B. If the court orders a child to receive residential treatment services, the court shall find by clear and convincing evidence that both:

1. The child requires residential treatment services to address the child's behavioral, psychological, social or mental health needs.

2. Available alternatives to residential treatment services were considered, but that residential treatment services are the least restrictive alternative.

C. The court shall review the child's continuing need for residential treatment services at least every sixty days after the date of the treatment order. The residential treatment facility shall submit a progress report to the court at least five days before the review and shall provide copies of its report to all parties, including the child's attorney and guardian ad litem. The progress report shall include the recommendations of the child's treatment facility and shall include at least the following:

1. The nature of the treatment provided, including any medications and the child's current diagnosis.

2. The child's need for continued residential treatment services, including the estimated length of the services.

3. A projected discharge date.

4. The level of care required by the child and the potential placement options that are available to the child on discharge.

5. A statement from the medical or clinical director of the residential treatment services facility or the director's designee as to whether residential treatment services are necessary to meet the child's needs and whether the facility that is providing the residential treatment services to the child is the least restrictive available alternative.

D. On its own motion or the motion of a party, the court may hold an expedited hearing to review the continued placement of the child in residential treatment.

E. If the child is also found to be dependent or is temporarily subject to court jurisdiction pending an adjudication of a dependency petition, the probation department shall notify the department of child safety that placement of the child for residential treatment services is being recommended. The department shall receive copies of any reports relating to the child's placement for residential treatment services.  The department may attend and participate in all hearings and any other proceedings relating to the placement or continued placement for residential treatment services.

F. For the purposes of this section, "child" or "juvenile" includes a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, under nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor. END_STATUTE

Sec. 14. Section 8-342, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-342. Commitment of child; medical examination; definition

A. A child who is any of the following shall not be committed or awarded to the department of juvenile corrections:

1. Adjudicated delinquent for an offense that is not a felony unless the child has been previously adjudicated delinquent for an offense that is a felony or is seriously mentally ill.

2. Under fourteen years of age.

3. A dependent or incorrigible child unless the child is adjudicated delinquent and is not excluded under paragraph 1 or 2 of this subsection.

B. Before commitment to the department of juvenile corrections, every child shall be given a medical examination. If it is determined that any contagious or infectious disease is present, the child shall not be committed to the department of juvenile corrections, but the juvenile court shall order that the child be given the necessary medical treatment at the county hospital or other medical facility. When the child is discharged by competent medical authority, the juvenile court may order the child's commitment to the department of juvenile corrections. In any case copies of records, examinations and evaluations shall be made of the findings of the medical examination and of any subsequent treatment and discharge, which copies shall accompany the child's commitment papers.

C. If the child is a dependent child and is committed or awarded to the department of juvenile corrections, the foster care review board shall review the child's case as required by section 8-515.03.

D. For the purposes of this section, "child" includes a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, under nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor. END_STATUTE

Sec. 15. Section 8-344, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-344. Restitution payments

A. If a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, the court, after considering the nature of the offense and the age, physical and mental condition and earning capacity of the juvenile, shall order the juvenile to make full or partial restitution to the victim of the offense for which the juvenile was adjudicated delinquent or to the estate of the victim if the victim has died.  The juvenile shall make restitution payments to the clerk of the court for disbursement to the victim or estate of the victim.

B. The court shall notify the victim or estate of the victim of the dispositional hearing.  The court may consider a verified statement from the victim or estate of the victim concerning damages for lost wages, reasonable damages for injury to or loss of property and actual expenses of medical treatment for personal injury, excluding pain and suffering.

C. In ordering restitution pursuant to subsection A of this section, the court may order one or both of the juvenile's custodial parents to make restitution to the victim of the offense for which the juvenile was adjudicated delinquent or to the estate of the victim if the victim has died. The court shall determine the amount of restitution ordered pursuant to this subsection, except that the amount shall not exceed the liability limit established pursuant to section 12-661.  The court may order a parent or juvenile who is ordered to pay restitution to satisfy the order in a lump sum or installment payments to the clerk of the court for disbursement to the victim or estate of the victim.  If the court orders the juvenile's parents to make restitution pursuant to this subsection, the court shall order the juvenile to make either full or partial restitution, regardless of the juvenile's insufficient earning capacity. The court shall not consider the ability of the juvenile's parents to pay restitution before making a restitution order.

D. The juvenile court shall retain jurisdiction of the case after the juvenile attains eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor for the purpose of modifying the manner in which court ordered payments are to be made. After a juvenile attains eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or if the court retains jurisdiction over the juvenile pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H on termination of the juvenile's probation, the juvenile court shall enter the following:

1. A juvenile restitution order in favor of the state for the unpaid balance, if any, of any costs, fees, surcharges or monetary assessments imposed.

2. A juvenile restitution order in favor of each person entitled to restitution for the unpaid balance of any restitution ordered pursuant to this section.

E. The clerk of the court shall send a copy of the juvenile restitution order to each person who is entitled to restitution.

F. A juvenile restitution order may be recorded and enforced as any civil judgment, except that a juvenile restitution order does not require renewal pursuant to section 12-1611 or 12-1612.  A juvenile restitution order does not expire until paid in full.  Enforcement of a juvenile restitution order by any person who is entitled to restitution or by the state includes the collection of interest, which accrues at a rate of ten percent per annum.

G. A juvenile restitution order is a criminal penalty for the purposes of a federal bankruptcy involving the juvenile. END_STATUTE

Sec. 16. Section 8-348, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-348. Setting aside adjudication; application; release from disabilities; exceptions

A. Except as provided in subsection I of this section, a person who is at least eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, who has been adjudicated delinquent or incorrigible and who has fulfilled the conditions of probation or who is discharged from the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to section 41-2820 on successful completion of the individual treatment plan may apply to the juvenile court to set aside the adjudication.  The court shall inform the person of this right in writing at the time of the disposition of the case.

B. The person or the person's attorney, probation officer or parole officer may apply to set aside the adjudication. The clerk of the court may not charge a filing fee for an application to set aside an adjudication.  The clerk shall transmit a copy of the application to the county attorney in the county where the referral was made.

C. The court may consider the following factors when determining whether to set aside an adjudication:

1. The nature and circumstances of the offense on which the adjudication is based.

2. Whether the person has been convicted of a felony offense.

3. Whether the person has any pending criminal charges.

4. The victim's input.

5. Any other factor that is relevant to the application.

D. Except as provided in subsection F of this section, if the court grants the application, the court shall set aside the adjudication, dismiss the petition and order that the person be released from all penalties and disabilities resulting from the adjudication except those imposed by the department of transportation pursuant to section 28-3304, 28-3306, 28-3307, 28-3308 or 28-3319.

E. On a showing of good cause, the court may modify any monetary obligation that is imposed by the court except for victim restitution.

F. If the court grants an application, any remaining unpaid monetary obligation continues to be owed and is subject to the remedies included in sections 8-344 and 8-345 until the monetary obligation is paid.

G. If the court denies an application, the court shall state its reasons for the denial in writing.

H. If a victim has made a request for postadjudication notice, the victim has the right to be present and heard at any hearing on the application. The state shall provide the victim with notice of the application and of the rights provided to the victim in this section.

I. This section does not apply to a person who was adjudicated delinquent for any of the following:

1. A dangerous offense as defined in section 13-105.

2. An offense for which there has been a finding of sexual motivation pursuant to section 13-118.

3. An offense in violation of title 13, chapter 14.

4. An offense in violation of section 28-1381, 28-1382 or 28-1383 if the offense can be alleged as a prior violation pursuant to title 28, chapter 4.

5. An offense for which the person has not paid in full the victim restitution ordered by the court. END_STATUTE

Sec. 17. Section 8-349, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-349. Destruction of juvenile records; electronic research records; definition

A. A person who is at least eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor and who has been adjudicated delinquent or incorrigible may apply for destruction of the person's juvenile court and department of juvenile corrections records if the records involve an adjudication for an offense other than an offense listed in section 13-501, subsection A or B or title 28, chapter 4.

B. The person shall attest to all of the following in the application:

1. The person is at least eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

2. The person has not been convicted of a felony offense or adjudicated delinquent for an offense that would be an offense listed in section 13-501, subsection A or B or title 28, chapter 4.

3. A criminal charge is not pending.

4. The person has completed all of the terms and conditions of court-ordered probation or been discharged from the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to section 41-2820 on successful completion of the individual treatment plan.

5. All restitution is paid in full.

6. The person is not under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or the department of juvenile corrections.

7. The person is not currently required to register pursuant to section 13-3821.

8. The person has either paid all monetary obligations in full or has requested the court to modify the outstanding monetary obligations pursuant to subsection K of this section.

C. The juvenile court may order the destruction of records under subsection A of this section if the court finds all of the following:

1. The person is at least eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

2. The person has not been convicted of a felony offense.

3. A criminal charge is not pending.

4. The person was not adjudicated for an offense listed in section 13-501, subsection A or B or title 28, chapter 4.

5. The person successfully completed the terms and conditions of probation or was discharged from the department of juvenile corrections pursuant to section 41-2820 on successful completion of the individual treatment plan.

6. All restitution is paid in full.

7. All monetary obligations are either paid in full or have been modified pursuant to subsection K of this section.

8. The person is not under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or the department of juvenile corrections.

9. The person is not currently required to register pursuant to section 13-3821.

D. A person who is not eligible to have the person's records destroyed pursuant to subsection A of this section may apply to have the person's juvenile court and department of juvenile corrections records destroyed pursuant to subsection E of this section. The person shall attest to all of the following in an application:

1. The person is at least twenty-five years of age.

2. The person has not been convicted of a felony offense.

3. A criminal charge is not pending.

4. All restitution is paid in full.

5. The person has either paid all monetary obligations in full or has requested the court to modify the outstanding monetary obligations pursuant to subsection K of this section.

6. The person is not currently required to register pursuant to section 13-3821.

E. The juvenile court may order the destruction of records if the court finds that all of the following apply to a person who files an application pursuant to subsection D of this section:

1. The person is at least twenty-five years of age.

2. The person has not been convicted of a felony offense.

3. A criminal charge is not pending.

4. All restitution is paid in full.

5. All monetary obligations are either paid in full or have been modified pursuant to subsection K of this section.

6. The person is not currently required to register pursuant to section 13-3821.

7. The destruction of the records would further the rehabilitative process of the applicant.

F. The juvenile court and the department of juvenile corrections may store any records for research purposes.

G. At the juvenile's disposition hearing, the court shall inform the juvenile, in writing, of the right to the destruction of the juvenile's court and department of juvenile corrections records.

H. The clerk of the court may not charge a filing fee for the application to destroy juvenile records.

I. The clerk of the court shall transmit a copy of an application submitted pursuant to this section to the county attorney in the county in which the referral was made.

J. The county attorney may file an objection to an application that is submitted pursuant to this section for the destruction of records.

K. On a showing of good cause, the court may modify any monetary obligation imposed by the court except for victim restitution.

L. The juvenile court, the clerk of the superior court and the juvenile probation department, either on order of the juvenile court after the person files an application with the court or on notification by the probation department, shall destroy the records that concern a referral or citation that did not result in further action, that resulted in a successful completion of diversion within ninety days after the person who was the subject of the referral or citation reaches eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or when destruction is ordered by the court. The probation department shall send a copy of the notice to the department of public safety central state repository.

M. Within six months after receiving a notification from the superior court that a person's juvenile delinquency or incorrigibility records were destroyed, the department of child safety shall destroy all court, juvenile probation and department of juvenile corrections records that are in the department of child safety's possession and that were produced in the delinquency or incorrigibility matter.

N. The clerk of the court shall notify the department of public safety if a person's record is destroyed pursuant to this section.

O. For the purposes of this section, "successfully" means, in the discretion of the court, the person satisfied the conditions of probation. END_STATUTE

Sec. 18. Section 8-371, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE8-371. Educational rehabilitation; definition

A. Juveniles who are subject to the supervision of a probation officer pursuant to an order of the juvenile court, or who are otherwise eligible for absolute discharge or conditional liberty from the department of juvenile corrections in accordance with section 41-2816, shall, as a condition of probation or liberty, be required to do one of the following:

1. Attend school in order to obtain vocational training or to achieve an appropriate educational level as prescribed in consultation with the school the juvenile attends by the juvenile's probation officer or by the department of juvenile corrections. If the juvenile fails to attend school regularly, maintain appropriate school behavior, or make satisfactory progress as determined in consultation with the school by the probation officer or department of juvenile corrections as specified in subsection C of this section and the juvenile does not meet the requirements of paragraph 2 of this subsection:

(a) If the juvenile court retains jurisdiction, the juvenile court shall take appropriate action to enforce, modify or revoke its order granting probation.

(b) If the department of juvenile corrections retains jurisdiction, the department shall act to enforce, modify or revoke its order granting conditional liberty.

2. Attend an on-the-job training program or secure and maintain employment. If the juvenile fails to attend the program or maintain employment and does not meet the requirements of paragraph 1 of this subsection:

(a) If the juvenile court retains jurisdiction, the juvenile court shall take appropriate action to enforce, modify or revoke its order granting probation.

(b) If the department of juvenile corrections retains jurisdiction, the department shall act to enforce, modify or revoke its order granting conditional liberty.

B. Subsection A of this section does not apply to juveniles who pass the general educational development test or earn a high school diploma. Subsection A, paragraph 2 of this section does not apply to a juvenile required to attend school under section 15-802.

C. If the juvenile chooses to meet the requirements of subsection A of this section by attending a public school:

1. If the juvenile had previously been expelled from school, prior to readmission of that juvenile to the school, school officials shall meet with the appropriate juvenile court probation officer or department of juvenile corrections case manager and assist in developing conditions of probation or conditional liberty that will provide specific guidelines for behavior and consequences for misbehavior at school as well as educational objectives that must be achieved. If the juvenile is under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, the court shall review the conditions of probation for the juvenile and may continue the expulsion or return the child to school under the agreed conditions. If the juvenile is under the jurisdiction of the department of juvenile corrections, the department shall review the terms of conditional liberty for the juvenile and may continue the expulsion or return the child to school under the agreed conditions. The governing board may expel the juvenile for subsequent actions as provided in title 15, chapter 8, article 3.

2. The juvenile shall on release be screened by the school to which the juvenile is admitted for possible disabilities as provided in section 15-761, paragraph 2 and, if the screening so indicates, be referred for evaluation for possible placement in a special education program.

D. The school district of residence and the juvenile court or the department of juvenile corrections may establish education, counseling or other programs in order to improve the behavior and educational performance of juveniles covered by this section.

E. For the purposes of this section, "child" or "juvenile" includes a person who is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor or, if the juvenile court has retained jurisdiction over the person pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, under nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor. END_STATUTE

Sec. 19. Section 13-501, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE13-501. Persons under eighteen years of age; felony charging; definitions

A. The county attorney shall bring a criminal prosecution against a juvenile in the same manner as an adult if the juvenile is fifteen, sixteen or seventeen years of age at the time the alleged offense is committed and the juvenile is accused of any of the following offenses:

1. First degree murder in violation of section 13-1105.

2. Second degree murder in violation of section 13-1104.

3. Forcible sexual assault in violation of section 13-1406.

4. Armed robbery in violation of section 13-1904.

5. Any other violent felony offense.

6. Any felony offense committed by a chronic felony offender.

7. Any offense that is properly joined to an offense listed in this subsection.

B. Except as provided in subsection A of this section, the county attorney may bring a criminal prosecution against a juvenile in the same manner as an adult if the juvenile is at least fourteen years of age at the time the alleged offense is committed and the juvenile is accused of any of the following offenses:

1. A class 1 felony.

2. A class 2 felony.

3. A class 3 felony in violation of any offense in chapters 10 through 17 or chapter 19 or 23 of this title.

4. A class 3, 4, 5 or 6 felony involving a dangerous offense.

5. Any felony offense committed by a chronic felony offender.

6. Any offense that is properly joined to an offense listed in this subsection.

C. A criminal prosecution shall be brought against a juvenile in the same manner as an adult if the juvenile has been accused of a criminal offense and has a historical prior felony conviction.

D. At the time the county attorney files a complaint or indictment the county attorney shall file a notice stating that the juvenile is a chronic felony offender.  Subject to subsection E of this section, the notice shall establish and confer jurisdiction over the juvenile as a chronic felony offender.

E. On motion of the juvenile the court shall hold a hearing after arraignment and before trial to determine if a juvenile is a chronic felony offender.  At the hearing the state shall prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the juvenile is a chronic felony offender.  If the court does not find that the juvenile is a chronic felony offender, the court shall transfer the juvenile to the juvenile court pursuant to section 8-302. If the court finds that the juvenile is a chronic felony offender or if the juvenile does not file a motion to determine if the juvenile is a chronic felony offender, the criminal prosecution shall continue.

F. Except as provided in section 13-921, a person who is charged pursuant to this section shall be sentenced in the criminal court in the same manner as an adult for any offense for which the person is convicted.

G. Unless otherwise provided by law, nothing in this section shall be construed as to does not confer jurisdiction in the juvenile court over any person who is eighteen years of age or older or twenty-one years of age or older if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

H. For the purposes of this section:

1. "Accused" means a juvenile against whom a complaint, information or indictment is filed.

2. "Chronic felony offender" means a juvenile who has had two prior and separate adjudications and dispositions for conduct that would constitute a historical prior felony conviction if the juvenile had been tried as an adult.

3. "Forcible sexual assault" means sexual assault pursuant to section 13-1406 that is committed without consent as defined in section 13-1401, subsection A, paragraph 7, subdivision (a).

4. "Other violent felony offense" means:

(a) Aggravated assault pursuant to section 13-1204, subsection A, paragraph 1.

(b) Aggravated assault pursuant to section 13-1204, subsection A, paragraph 2 involving the use of a deadly weapon.

(c) Drive by shooting pursuant to section 13-1209.

(d) Discharging a firearm at a structure pursuant to section 13-1211. END_STATUTE

Sec. 20. Section 13-921, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE13-921. Probation for defendants under twenty-two years of age; dual adult juvenile probation

A. The court may enter a judgment of guilt and place the defendant on probation pursuant to this section if all of the following apply:

1. The defendant is under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor at the time the offense is committed.

2. The defendant is convicted of a felony offense.

3. The defendant is not sentenced to a term of imprisonment.

4. The defendant does not have a historical prior felony conviction.

B. If the court places a defendant on probation pursuant to this section, all of the following apply:

1. Except as provided in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this subsection, if the defendant successfully completes the terms and conditions of probation, the court may set aside the judgment of guilt, dismiss the information or indictment, expunge the defendant's record and order the person to be released from all penalties and disabilities resulting from the conviction. The clerk of the court in which the conviction occurred shall notify each agency to which the original conviction was reported that all penalties and disabilities have been discharged and that the defendant's record has been expunged.

2. The conviction may be used as a conviction if it would be admissible pursuant to section 13-703 or 13-704 as if it had not been set aside and the conviction may be pleaded and proved as a prior conviction in any subsequent prosecution of the defendant.

3. The conviction is deemed to be a conviction for the purposes of sections 28-3304, 28-3305, 28-3306 and 28-3320.

4. The defendant shall comply with sections 13-3821 and 13-3822.

C. A defendant who is placed on probation pursuant to this section is deemed to be on adult probation.

D. If a defendant is placed on probation pursuant to this section, the court as a condition of probation may order the defendant to participate in services that are available to the juvenile court.

E. The court may order that a defendant who is placed on probation pursuant to this section be incarcerated in a county jail at whatever time or intervals, consecutive or nonconsecutive, that the court determines. The incarceration shall not extend beyond the period of court ordered probation, and the length of time the defendant actually spends in a county jail shall not exceed one year.

F. In addition to the provisions of this section, the court may apply any of the provisions of section 13-901. END_STATUTE

Sec. 21. Section 41-2801, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE41-2801. Definitions

In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

1. "Committed youth" or "youth" means a person who has been committed according to law to the department of juvenile corrections for supervision, rehabilitation, treatment and education and who is either:

(a) At least fourteen years of age and under eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

(b) Subject to retained jurisdiction pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H.

2. "Department" means the department of juvenile corrections.

3. "Director" means the director of the department of juvenile corrections.

4. "Educational system" means the state educational system for committed youth.

5. "Secure care" means confinement in a facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress. END_STATUTE

Sec. 22. Section 41-2820, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE41-2820. Discharge

A. Each youth shall be discharged from the jurisdiction of the department on attaining eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, except that if the juvenile court retained jurisdiction over the youth pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H, the youth shall be discharged from the jurisdiction of the department on or before attaining nineteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor.

B. If the department determines that the youth's treatment, rehabilitation and education pursuant to the individual treatment plan have been successfully completed and that there is a reasonable probability that the youth will observe the law and will not be a threat to the public's safety if at liberty, the youth may be granted a discharge. On the discharge of a youth pursuant to this subsection, the department shall promptly notify the committing court, the county attorney in the county in which the youth was committed and the victim or the victim's representative of the discharge.

C. Except as provided in subsection D of this section, a youth shall be discharged from the jurisdiction of the department of juvenile corrections if the youth is convicted of a felony offense.

D. A youth who is convicted of a felony offense and who committed the offense while residing in a secure care facility operated by the department of juvenile corrections either:

1. Shall be discharged from the department of juvenile corrections if the youth is sentenced to the state department of corrections.

2. May be discharged from the department of juvenile corrections if the youth is placed on adult probation and all the following apply:

(a) The youth has completed the minimum length of stay in secure care, if any, that was assigned by the committing juvenile court pursuant to section 8-341.

(b) The youth would have been eligible to be placed on conditional liberty pursuant to section 41-2818.

(c) The youth is subject to the jurisdiction of an adult probation department.

E. A youth may be discharged from the jurisdiction of the department if the youth is placed by civil commitment under the jurisdiction of another agency.

F. A youth shall be conditionally discharged from the jurisdiction of the department if all of the following requirements are satisfied:

1. The youth has completed the minimum length of stay in a secure care facility, if any, that was assigned by the committing juvenile court pursuant to section 8-341.

2. The United States immigration and customs enforcement enforces a detainer by taking custody of the youth for immigration proceedings.

3. The youth signs a condition that the youth's discharge will be vacated if the youth returns to the United States without legal authorization.

G. If the department receives actual notice that a youth who received a discharge pursuant to this section has returned to the United States without legal authorization prior to before the youth's attaining eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor, the department shall:

1. Vacate the discharge.

2. Place the youth on conditional liberty status.

3. Issue a warrant for the apprehension of the youth.

4. Notify the United States immigration and customs enforcement.

5. Take the youth into custody.

H. Notwithstanding subsection A of this section, a youth who is at least eighteen years of age or twenty-one years of age if the offense is classified as a misdemeanor shall be discharged from the jurisdiction of the department if the jurisdiction over the youth has been retained pursuant to section 8-202, subsection H and the youth is charged with a criminal offense.  END_STATUTE

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