Bill Text: TX SB4 | 2017-2018 | 85th Legislature | Comm Sub


Bill Title: Relating to the enforcement by campus police departments and certain local governmental entities of state and federal laws governing immigration and to related duties and liability of certain persons in the criminal justice system; providing a civil penalty; creating a criminal offense.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 114-0)

Status: (Engrossed) 2017-04-27 - Record vote [SB4 Detail]

Download: Texas-2017-SB4-Comm_Sub.html
  85R21913 SCL/ADM-D
 
  By: Perry, et al. S.B. No. 4
 
  (Geren, Workman)
 
  Substitute the following for S.B. No. 4:  No.
 
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
  relating to the enforcement by campus police departments and
  certain local governmental entities of state and federal laws
  governing immigration and to related duties and liability of
  certain persons in the criminal justice system; providing a civil
  penalty; creating a criminal offense.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
  ARTICLE 1. POLICIES OF  AND GRANT PROGRAMS FOR LOCAL ENTITIES AND
  CAMPUS POLICE DEPARTMENTS
         SECTION 1.01.  Chapter 752, Government Code, is amended by
  adding Subchapter C to read as follows:
  SUBCHAPTER C. ENFORCEMENT OF STATE AND FEDERAL IMMIGRATION LAWS BY
  LOCAL ENTITIES AND CAMPUS POLICE DEPARTMENTS
         Sec. 752.051.  DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:
               (1)  "Campus police department" means a law enforcement
  agency of an institution of higher education.
               (2)  "Immigration laws" means the laws of this state or
  federal law relating to aliens, immigrants, or immigration,
  including the federal Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
  Section 1101 et seq.).
               (3)  "Institution of higher education" means:
                     (A)  an institution of higher education as defined
  by Section 61.003, Education Code; or
                     (B)  a private or independent institution of
  higher education as defined by Section 61.003, Education Code.
               (4)  "Local entity" means:
                     (A)  the governing body of a municipality, county,
  or special district or authority, subject to Section 752.052;
                     (B)  a division, department, or other body,
  including a municipal police department or a sheriff's department,
  that is part of a municipality, county, or special district or
  authority, subject to Section 752.052; and
                     (C)  an officer or employee, including a sheriff,
  municipal attorney, or county attorney, of a division, department,
  or other body described by Paragraph (B) whose primary duties
  involve the oversight or management of, or controlling the
  direction of, other officers or employees of the division,
  department, or other body.
         Sec. 752.052.  APPLICABILITY OF SUBCHAPTER. (a) This
  subchapter does not apply to a hospital or hospital district
  created under Subtitle C or D, Title 4, Health and Safety Code, a
  hospital owned or operated by an institution of higher education,
  or a hospital district created under a general or special law
  authorized by Article IX, Texas Constitution, to the extent that
  the hospital or hospital district is providing access to or
  delivering medical or health care services as required under the
  following applicable federal or state laws:
               (1)  42 U.S.C. Section 1395dd;
               (2)  42 U.S.C. Section 1396b(v);
               (3)  Subchapter C, Chapter 61, Health and Safety Code;
               (4)  Chapter 81, Health and Safety Code; and
               (5)  Section 311.022, Health and Safety Code.
         (b)  Subsection (a) excludes the application of this
  subchapter to a commissioned peace officer:
               (1)  employed by a hospital or hospital district during
  the officer's employment; or
               (2)  commissioned by a hospital or hospital district.
         (c)  This subchapter does not apply to a commissioned peace
  officer employed or contracted by a religious organization during
  the officer's employment with the organization or while the officer
  is performing the contract.
         (d)  This subchapter does not apply to a school district or
  open-enrollment charter school. This subchapter does not apply to
  the release of information contained in educational records of an
  educational agency or institution, except in conformity with the
  Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (20 U.S.C.
  Section 1232g).
         (e)  This subchapter does not apply to the public health
  department of a local entity.
         Sec. 752.053.  POLICY REGARDING IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT.
  (a) A local entity or campus police department may not:
               (1)  adopt or enforce an ordinance, order, rule,
  policy, or other measure under which the entity or department
  prohibits the enforcement of immigration laws; or
               (2)  as demonstrated by pattern or practice, prohibit
  the enforcement of immigration laws.
         (b)  In compliance with Subsection (a), a local entity or
  campus police department may not have a pattern or practice of
  prohibiting persons who are employed by or otherwise under the
  direction or control of the entity or department from doing any of
  the following:
               (1)  inquiring into the immigration status of an
  arrested person;
               (2)  with respect to information, including
  information regarding a person's place of birth, relating to the
  immigration status, lawful or unlawful, of any arrested person:
                     (A)  sending the information to or requesting or
  receiving the information from United States Citizenship and
  Immigration Services or United States Immigration and Customs
  Enforcement;
                     (B)  maintaining the information; or
                     (C)  exchanging the information with another
  local entity or campus police department or a federal or state
  governmental entity;
               (3)  if requested by a federal immigration officer,
  assisting or cooperating with a federal immigration officer as
  reasonable and necessary, including providing enforcement
  assistance; or
               (4)  permitting a federal immigration officer to enter
  and conduct enforcement activities at a jail to enforce federal
  immigration laws.
         Sec. 752.054.  DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITED. A local entity,
  campus police department, or a person employed by or otherwise
  under the direction or control of the entity or department may not
  consider race, color, religion, language, or national origin while
  enforcing immigration laws except to the extent permitted by the
  United States Constitution or Texas Constitution.
         Sec. 752.055.  COMPLAINT; EQUITABLE RELIEF. (a) Any
  citizen residing in the jurisdiction of a local entity or any
  citizen enrolled at or employed by an institution of higher
  education may file a complaint with the attorney general if the
  person asserts facts supporting an allegation that the entity or
  the institution's campus police department has violated Section
  752.053. The citizen must include a sworn statement with the
  complaint stating that to the best of the citizen's knowledge, all
  of the facts asserted in the complaint are true and correct.
         (b)  If the attorney general determines that a complaint
  filed under Subsection (a) against a local entity or campus police
  department is valid, the attorney general may file a petition for a
  writ of mandamus or apply for other appropriate equitable relief in
  a district court in Travis County or in a county in which the
  principal office of the entity or department is located to compel
  the entity or department that is suspected of violating Section
  752.053 to comply with that section.  The attorney general may
  recover reasonable expenses incurred in obtaining relief under this
  subsection, including court costs, reasonable attorney's fees,
  investigative costs, witness fees, and deposition costs.
         (c)  An appeal of a suit brought under Subsection (b) is
  governed by the procedures for accelerated appeals in civil cases
  under the Texas Rules of Appellate Procedure.  The appellate court
  shall render its final order or judgment with the least possible
  delay.
         Sec. 752.056.  CIVIL PENALTY. (a) A local entity or campus
  police department that intentionally violates Section 752.053 is
  subject to a civil penalty in an amount:
               (1)  not less than $1,000 and not more than $1,500 for
  the first violation; and
               (2)  not less than $25,000 and not more than $25,500 for
  each subsequent violation.
         (b)  Each day of a continuing violation of Section 752.053
  constitutes a separate violation for the civil penalty under this
  section.
         (c)  The court that hears an action brought under Section
  752.055 against the local entity or campus police department shall
  determine the amount of the civil penalty under this section.
         (d)  A civil penalty collected under this section shall be
  deposited to the credit of the compensation to victims of crime fund
  established under Subchapter B, Chapter 56, Code of Criminal
  Procedure.
         (e)  Sovereign immunity of this state and governmental
  immunity of a county and municipality to suit is waived and
  abolished to the extent of liability created by this section.
         Sec. 752.057.  COMMUNITY OUTREACH POLICY. (a)  Each law
  enforcement agency that is subject to the requirements of this
  subchapter may adopt a written policy requiring the agency to
  perform community outreach activities to educate the public that a
  peace officer may not inquire into the immigration status of a
  victim of or witness to an alleged criminal offense unless, as
  provided by Article 2.13, Code of Criminal Procedure, the officer
  determines that the inquiry is necessary to:
               (1)  investigate the offense; or
               (2)  provide the victim or witness with information
  about federal visas designed to protect individuals providing
  assistance to law enforcement.
         (b)  A policy adopted under this section must include
  outreach to victims of:
               (1)  family violence, as that term is defined by
  Section 71.004, Family Code, including those receiving services at
  family violence centers under Chapter 51, Human Resources Code; and
               (2)  sexual assault, including those receiving
  services under a sexual assault program, as those terms are defined
  by Section 420.003.
         SECTION 1.02.  Subchapter A, Chapter 772, Government Code,
  is amended by adding Section 772.0073 to read as follows:
         Sec. 772.0073.  ENFORCEMENT OF IMMIGRATION LAW GRANT
  PROGRAM. (a) In this section:
               (1)  "Criminal justice division" means the criminal
  justice division established under Section 772.006.
               (2)  "Immigration detainer request" means a federal
  government request to a local entity to maintain temporary custody
  of an alien, including a United States Department of Homeland
  Security Form I-247 document or a similar or successor form.
               (3)  "Immigration laws" means the laws of this state or
  federal law relating to aliens, immigrants, or immigration,
  including the federal Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C.
  Section 1101 et seq.).
               (4)  "Local entity" means a municipality or county.
         (b)  The criminal justice division shall establish and
  administer a competitive grant program to provide financial
  assistance to local entities to offset costs related to:
               (1)  enforcing immigration laws; or
               (2)  complying with, honoring, or fulfilling
  immigration detainer requests.
         (c)  The criminal justice division shall establish:
               (1)  eligibility criteria for grant applicants;
               (2)  grant application procedures;
               (3)  criteria for evaluating grant applications and
  awarding grants;
               (4)  guidelines related to grant amounts; and
               (5)  procedures for monitoring the use of a grant
  awarded under this section and ensuring compliance with any
  conditions of the grant.
         (d)  The criminal justice division may use any revenue
  available for purposes of this section.
  ARTICLE 2.  DUTIES OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES AND JUDGES
         SECTION 2.01.  Chapter 2, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by adding Article 2.251 to read as follows:
         Art. 2.251.  DUTIES RELATED TO IMMIGRATION DETAINER
  REQUESTS. (a)  A law enforcement agency that has custody of a
  person subject to an immigration detainer request issued by United
  States Immigration and Customs Enforcement shall:
               (1)  comply with, honor, and fulfill any request made
  in the detainer request provided by the federal government; and
               (2)  inform the person that the person is being held
  pursuant to an immigration detainer request issued by United States
  Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
         (b)  A law enforcement agency is not required to perform a
  duty imposed by Subsection (a) with respect to a person who has
  provided proof that the person is a citizen of the United States.
         SECTION 2.02.  Chapter 42, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by adding Article 42.039 to read as follows:
         Art. 42.039.  COMPLETION OF SENTENCE IN FEDERAL CUSTODY.
  (a) This article applies only to a criminal case in which:
               (1)  the judgment requires the defendant to be confined
  in a secure correctional facility; and
               (2)  the defendant is subject to an immigration
  detainer request.
         (b)  In a criminal case described by Subsection (a), the
  judge shall, at the time of pronouncement of a sentence of
  confinement, issue an order requiring the secure correctional
  facility in which the defendant is to be confined and all
  appropriate government officers, including a sheriff, a warden, or
  members of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, as appropriate, to
  require the defendant to serve in federal custody the final portion
  of the defendant's sentence, not to exceed a period of seven days,
  following the facility's or officer's determination that the change
  in the place of confinement will facilitate the seamless transfer
  of the defendant into federal custody. In the absence of an order
  issued under this subsection, a facility or officer acting under
  exigent circumstances may perform the transfer after making the
  determination described by this subsection. This subsection
  applies only if appropriate officers of the federal government
  consent to the transfer of the defendant into federal custody under
  the circumstances described by this subsection.
         (c)  If the applicable information described by Subsection
  (a)(2) is not available at the time sentence is pronounced in the
  case, the judge shall issue the order described by Subsection (b) as
  soon as the information becomes available. The judge retains
  jurisdiction for the purpose of issuing an order under this
  article.
         (d)  For purposes of this article, "secure correctional
  facility" has the meaning assigned by Section 1.07, Penal Code.
  ARTICLE 3. DEFENSE OF LOCAL ENTITIES BY ATTORNEY GENERAL
         SECTION 3.01.  Subchapter B, Chapter 402, Government Code,
  is amended by adding Section 402.0241 to read as follows:
         Sec. 402.0241.  DEFENSE OF LOCAL ENTITIES IN SUITS RELATED
  TO IMMIGRATION DETAINER REQUESTS. (a) In this section, "local
  entity" has the meaning assigned by Section 752.051.
         (b)  The attorney general shall defend a local entity in any
  action in any court if:
               (1)  the executive head or governing body, as
  applicable, of the local entity requests the attorney general's
  assistance in the defense; and
               (2)  the attorney general determines that the cause of
  action arises out of a claim involving the local entity's
  good-faith compliance with an immigration detainer request
  required by Article 2.251, Code of Criminal Procedure.
         (c)  If the attorney general defends a local entity under
  Subsection (b), the state is liable for the expenses, costs,
  judgment, or settlement of the claims arising out of the
  representation. The attorney general may settle or compromise any
  and all claims described by Subsection (b)(2). The state may not be
  liable for any expenses, costs, judgments, or settlements of any
  claims against a local entity not being represented by the attorney
  general under Subsection (b).
  ARTICLE 4.  SURETY BOND
         SECTION 4.01.  Article 17.16, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by amending Subsection (a) and adding Subsection (a-1) to
  read as follows:
         (a)  A surety may before forfeiture relieve the surety of the
  surety's undertaking by:
               (1)  surrendering the accused into the custody of the
  sheriff of the county where the prosecution is pending; or
               (2)  delivering to the sheriff of the county in which
  the prosecution is pending and to the office of the prosecuting
  attorney an affidavit stating that the accused is incarcerated in:
                     (A)  federal custody, subject to Subsection
  (a-1);
                     (B)  [in] the custody of any state;[,] or
                     (C)  [in] any county of this state.
         (a-1)  For purposes of Subsection (a)(2), the surety may not
  be relieved of the surety's undertaking if the accused is in federal
  custody to determine whether the accused is lawfully present in the
  United States.
  ARTICLE 5. PROHIBITED CONDUCT BY SHERIFF OR CONSTABLE
         SECTION 5.01.  Section 87.031, Local Government Code, is
  amended by adding Subsection (c) to read as follows:
         (c)  For purposes of Subsection (a), "a misdemeanor
  involving official misconduct" includes a misdemeanor under
  Section 39.07, Penal Code.
         SECTION 5.02.  Chapter 39, Penal Code, is amended by adding
  Section 39.07 to read as follows:
         Sec. 39.07.  FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH IMMIGRATION DETAINER
  REQUEST. (a) A person who is a sheriff, chief of police, or
  constable or a person who otherwise has primary authority for
  administering a jail commits an offense if the person:
               (1)  has custody of a person subject to an immigration
  detainer request issued by United States Immigration and Customs
  Enforcement; and
               (2)  knowingly fails to comply with the detainer
  request.
         (b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.
         (c)  It is an exception to the application of this section
  that the person who was subject to an immigration detainer request
  described by Subsection (a)(1) had previously provided proof that
  the person was a citizen of the United States.
  ARTICLE 6.  INQUIRY BY PEACE OFFICER REGARDING IMMIGRATION OR
  NATIONALITY OF CRIME VICTIM OR WITNESS
         SECTION 6.01.  Article 2.13, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by adding Subsections (d) and (e) to read as follows:
         (d)  Subject to Subsection (e), in the course of
  investigating an alleged criminal offense, a peace officer may
  inquire as to the nationality or immigration status of a victim of
  or witness to the offense only if the officer determines that the
  inquiry is necessary to:
               (1)  investigate the offense; or
               (2)  provide the victim or witness with information
  about federal visas designed to protect individuals providing
  assistance to law enforcement.
         (e)  Subsection (d) does not prevent a peace officer from:
               (1)  conducting a separate investigation of any other
  alleged criminal offense; or
               (2)  inquiring as to the nationality or immigration
  status of a victim of or witness to a criminal offense if the
  officer has probable cause to believe that the victim or witness has
  engaged in specific conduct constituting a separate criminal
  offense.
  ARTICLE 7.  SEVERABILITY AND EFFECTIVE DATE
         SECTION 7.01.  It is the intent of the legislature that every
  provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word
  in this Act, and every application of the provisions in this Act to
  each person or entity, are severable from each other.  If any
  application of any provision in this Act to any person, group of
  persons, or circumstances is found by a court to be invalid for any
  reason, the remaining applications of that provision to all other
  persons and circumstances shall be severed and may not be affected.
         SECTION 7.02.  This Act takes effect immediately if it
  receives a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each
  house, as provided by Section 39, Article III, Texas Constitution.  
  If this Act does not receive the vote necessary for immediate
  effect, this Act takes effect September 1, 2017.
feedback