Bill Text: NJ S84 | 2020-2021 | Regular Session | Chaptered


Bill Title: Requires institutions of higher education and public and nonpublic high schools and middle schools to adopt anti-hazing policies; expands activities encompassing criminal hazing and upgrades penalties for engaging in these activities.

Spectrum: Bipartisan Bill

Status: (Passed) 2021-08-24 - Approved P.L.2021, c.208. [S84 Detail]

Download: New_Jersey-2020-S84-Chaptered.html

1-4 -

C.18A:3-27.1 to

18A:3-27.4

5&6 -

C.18A:37-32.2 &

18A:37-32.3

9 - Note

 


P.L. 2021, CHAPTER 208, approved August 24, 2021

Senate Committee Substitute (Second Reprint) for

Senate, Nos. 84 and 2093

 

 


An Act concerning hazing 1[and designated as Timothy J. Piazza's Law]1, amending P.L.1980, c.169, and supplementing chapters 3 and 37 of Title 18A of the New Jersey Statutes.

 

     Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:

 

     1[1.  Section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3) is amended to read as follows:

     1.    Hazing.  a.  A person is guilty of hazing, a disorderly persons offense, or a crime of the fourth degree if the act of hazing results in bodily injury, if, in connection with initiation of applicants to or members of a student or fraternal organization, whose membership is primarily students or alumni of the organization or an institution of higher education, [he] the person knowingly or recklessly [organizes, promotes, facilitates or engages in any conduct, other than competitive athletic events, which places or may place another person in danger of bodily injury] causes, coerces, or forces another person to do any of the following:

     (1)   violate federal or state criminal law;

     (2)   consume any food, liquid, alcoholic liquid, drug or other substance which subjects the other person to a risk of emotional or physical harm;

     (3)   endure brutality of a physical nature, including whipping, beating, branding, calisthenics, or exposure to the elements;

     (4)   endure brutality of a mental nature, including activity adversely affecting the mental health or dignity of the individual, sleep deprivation, exclusion from social contact, or conduct that could result in extreme embarrassment;

     (5)   endure brutality of a sexual nature; or

     (6)   endure any other activity that creates a reasonable likelihood of bodily injury to the person.

     Hazing shall not include any reasonable and customary athletic, law enforcement, or military training, contests, competitions, or events.

     b.    A person is guilty of aggravated hazing, a crime of the [fourth] third degree, if [he] the person commits an act prohibited in subsection a. of this section which results in serious bodily injury to another person.

     c.     A student or fraternal organization, or an institution of higher education, that knowingly or recklessly promotes or facilitates a person to commit an act of hazing or aggravated hazing prohibited in this section is subject to a fine of not more than $5,000 for each violation of subsection a. of this section, and a fine of not more than $15,000 for each violation of subsection b. of this section.

     d.    Any property which has been, or is intended to be, utilized in furtherance of any unlawful hazing activity set forth in this section by a person, student or fraternal organization, or institution of higher education, as well as any proceeds derived from the unlawful activity, shall be subject to forfeiture pursuant to chapter 64 of Title 2C of the New Jersey Statutes.

     e.     (1)  A person, student or fraternal organization, or institution of higher education, and another person acting in concert with the person, organization, or institution, shall be immune from prosecution under this section if the person, or employee, officer, or other agent for the organization or institution:

     (a)   called 9-1-1, or otherwise contacted campus security, police, or emergency services, and reported that a person was in need of medical assistance due to an act of hazing as described in this section;

     (b)   the caller provided the caller's name and, if applicable, the name of the person acting in concert with the caller to the 9-1-1 operator or other recipient of the emergency contact;

     (c)   the caller was the first to make the 9-1-1 report or other emergency report; and

     (d)   the caller and, if applicable, the person acting in concert with the caller remained on the scene with the person in need of medical assistance until assistance arrived and cooperated with the emergency services on the scene.

     (2)   The person who received medical assistance as a result of the call placed pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection shall also be immune from prosecution under this section.

     (3)   In addition to any other applicable immunity or limitation on civil liability, a law enforcement officer or other official empowered to act as an officer for the arrest of offenders against the laws of this State, or a prosecutor, who, acting in good faith, arrested or charged a person who is thereafter determined to be entitled to immunity from prosecution under this subsection, shall
not be subject to any civil liability for the wrongful arrest or charge.

(cf: P.L.1980, c.169, s.1)]1

 

     1[2.  Section 2 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-4) is amended to read as follows:

     2.    Notwithstanding any other provision of Title 2C of the New Jersey Statutes to the contrary, consent, or the fact that the act of hazing as described in section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3) was sanctioned or approved by a student or fraternal organization or an institution of higher education, shall not be available as a defense to a prosecution under this Act.

(cf: P.L.1980, c.169, s.2)]1

 

      1[3.  (New section) As used in sections 4 through 6 of P.L.    , c.   (C.        ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill):

     "Organization" means a fraternity, sorority, association, corporation, order, society, corps, club or service, social or similar group, whose members are primarily minors, students, or alumni of the organization or an institution of higher education; or a national or international organization with which such a group is affiliated.

     "Student" means an individual who attends or has applied to attend or has been admitted to an institution of higher education.]1

 

     1[4.  (New section)  Each public and independent institution of higher education shall adopt a written policy against hazing and, pursuant to that policy, adopt rules prohibiting students or other persons associated with an organization operating under the sanction of, or recognized as, an organization by the institution from engaging in hazing.  The institution of higher education shall post the policy at a publicly accessible location on the institution's Internet website and shall provide a copy of the policy, including the institution's rules, penalties, and program of enforcement, to each organization within the institution.]1

 

     1[5.  (New section)  a.  Each public and independent institution of higher education shall provide a program for the enforcement of the policy against hazing required under section 4 of P.L.    , c.   (C.     ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) and shall adopt appropriate penalties for violations of the policy to be administered by the individual or agency at the institution responsible for the sanctioning or recognition of the organization covered by the policy or by such other individual or agency deemed appropriate by the institution.

     b.    The penalties for violations of the policy may include:

     (1)   imposition of fines;

     (2)   the withholding of diplomas or transcripts pending compliance with the rules or payment of fines;

     (3)   the rescission of permission for the organization to operate on campus or to otherwise operate under the sanction or recognition of the institution; and

     (4)   the imposition of probation, suspension, dismissal, or expulsion.

     c.     A penalty imposed under this section shall be in addition to a penalty imposed for a violation of any other institutional rule to which the violator may be subject.

     d.    A policy adopted under section 4 of P.L.    , c.   (C.        ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) shall apply to each act conducted on or off campus if the acts are deemed to constitute hazing.]1

 

     1[6.  (New section)  a.  Each public and independent institution of higher education shall maintain a report which shall include information on all violations of the institution's anti-hazing policy and federal and State laws related to hazing that are reported to the institution.  Information on a reported violation shall be retained by the institution for five years.

     b.    The report shall include:

     (1)   the date when the subject was charged with a violation of the institution's anti-hazing policy or a federal or State law related to hazing;

     (2)   a general description of the violation, any investigation and findings by the institution and, if applicable, penalties imposed; and

     (3)   the date on which the matter was resolved.

      c.    An institution shall post the initial report at a publicly accessible location on the institution's Internet website by January 15, 2021. The initial report shall include information concerning violations that have been reported to the institution for the five consecutive years prior to the effective date of P.L.    , c.   (C.        ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill), to the extent the institution has retained information concerning those violations.  An institution shall post an updated report annually on January 1.

      d.   The report shall not include the personal identifying information of an individual.]1

 

     1[7.  (New section)  a.  Each board of education of a school district with a high school or middle school and the governing board or chief school administrator of a nonpublic high school or middle school shall adopt a written policy against hazing.

      b.   The board of education and governing board or chief school administrator shall ensure that students are informed of the anti-hazing policy, including the rules, penalties, and program of enforcement under the policy.

      c.    The board of education and governing board or chief school administrator shall post the policy on the district's or nonpublic school's publicly accessible Internet website.]1

 

     1[8.  (New section)  a.  Each board of education of a school district with a high school or middle school and the governing board or chief school administrator of a nonpublic high school or middle school shall provide a program for the enforcement of the policy against hazing required under section 7 of P.L.    , c.   (C.        ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) and shall adopt appropriate penalties for violations of the policy.

     b.    The penalties for violations of the policy may include:

     (1)   the withholding of diplomas or transcripts pending compliance with the rules;

     (2)   the rescission of permission for the organization or group, whose student members are being penalized under the policy against hazing, to operate on campus or school property or to otherwise operate under the sanction or recognition of the school district or nonpublic school; and

     (3)   the imposition of probation, suspension, dismissal or expulsion.

     c.     A penalty imposed under this section shall be in addition to a penalty imposed for a violation of any other school district or nonpublic school rule to which the violator may be subject.

     d.    A policy adopted under section 7 of P.L.    , c.   (C.        ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) shall apply to each act conducted on or off campus if the acts are deemed to constitute hazing.]1

 

      1[9.      Sections 1 and 2 of this act shall take effect immediately, and the remaining sections shall take effect on the first day of the seventh month next following the date of enactment, except the Secretary of Higher Education, Commissioner of Education, and the Attorney General may take such anticipatory administrative action in advance as shall be necessary for the implementation of those sections.]1

 

     11.   (New section)  As used in sections 2 through 4 of P.L.   , c.   (C.    ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill):

     "Hazing" means conduct in connection with an initiation of applicants to or members of a student or fraternal organization as described in section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3).

     "Organization" means a fraternity, sorority, association, corporation, order, society, corps, club or service, social or similar group, whose members are primarily minors, students, or alumni of the organization or an institution of higher education; or a national or international organization with which such a group is affiliated.

     "Student" means an individual who attends or has applied to attend or has been admitted to an institution of higher education.1

 

     12.   (New section)  Each public and independent institution of higher education shall adopt a written policy against hazing and, pursuant to that policy, adopt rules prohibiting students or other persons associated with an organization operating under the sanction of, or recognized as, an organization by the institution from engaging in hazing.  The institution of higher education shall post the policy at a publicly accessible location on the institution's Internet website and shall provide a copy of the policy, including the institution's rules, penalties, and program of enforcement, to each organization within the institution.1

 

     13.   (New section)  a.  Each public and independent institution of higher education shall provide a program for the enforcement of the policy against hazing required under section 2 of P.L.   , c.   (C.   ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) and shall adopt appropriate penalties for violations of the policy to be administered by the individual or agency at the institution responsible for the sanctioning or recognition of the organization covered by the policy or by such other individual or agency deemed appropriate by the institution.

     b.    The penalties for violations of the policy may include:

     (1)   imposition of fines;

     (2)   the withholding of diplomas or transcripts pending compliance with the rules or payment of fines;

     (3)   the rescission of permission for the organization to operate on campus or to otherwise operate under the sanction or recognition of the institution; and

     (4)   the imposition of probation, suspension, dismissal, or expulsion.

     c.     A penalty imposed under this section shall be in addition to a penalty imposed for a violation of any other institutional rule to which the violator may be subject.

     d.    A policy adopted under section 2 of P.L.  , c.   (C.   ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) shall apply to each act conducted on or off campus if the acts are deemed to constitute hazing.1

 

     14.   (New section)  a.  Each public and independent institution of higher education shall maintain a report which shall include information on all violations of the institution's anti-hazing policy and federal and State laws related to hazing that are reported to the institution.  Information on a reported violation shall be retained by the institution for five years.

     b.    The report shall include:

     (1)   the date when the subject was charged with a violation of the institution's anti-hazing policy or a federal or State law related to hazing;

     (2)   a general description of the violation, any investigation and findings by the institution and, if applicable, penalties imposed; and

     (3)   the date the matter was resolved.

     c.     An institution shall post the initial report at a publicly accessible location on the institution's Internet website by January 15, 2022.  The initial report shall include information concerning violations that have been reported to the institution for the five consecutive years prior to the effective date of this act, to the extent the institution has retained information concerning the violations.  An institution shall post an updated report biannually on January 1 and August 1.

     d.    The report shall not include the personal identifying information of an individual.1

 

     15.   (New section)  a.  Each board of education of a school district with a high school or middle school and the governing board or chief school administrator of a nonpublic high school or middle school shall adopt a written policy against hazing.

     b.    The board of education and governing board or chief school administrator shall ensure that students are informed of the anti-hazing policy, including the rules, penalties, and program of enforcement under the policy.

     c.     The board of education and governing board or chief school administrator shall post the policy on the district's or nonpublic school's publicly accessible Internet website.1

 

     16.   (New section)  a.  Each board of education of a school district with a high school or middle school and the governing board or chief school administrator of a nonpublic high school or middle school shall provide a program for the enforcement of the policy against hazing required under section 5 of P.L.   , c.   (C.   ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) and shall adopt appropriate penalties for violation of the policy.

     b.    The penalties for violations of the policy may include:

     (1)   the withholding of diplomas or transcripts pending compliance with the rules;

     (2)   the rescission of permission for the organization or group, whose student members are being penalized under the anti-hazing policy, to operate on campus or school property or to otherwise operate under the sanction or recognition of the school district or nonpublic school; and

     (3)   the imposition of probation, suspension, dismissal, or expulsion.

     c.     A penalty imposed under this section shall be in addition to a penalty imposed for violation of any other school district or nonpublic school rule to which the violator may be subject.

     d.    A policy adopted under section 5 of P.L.   , c.    (C.   ) (pending before the Legislature as this bill) shall apply to each act conducted on or off campus if the acts are deemed to constitute hazing.1

 

      17.  Section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3) is amended to read as follows:

      1.   a.  A person is guilty of hazing, 2[a]2 [disorderly persons offense] 2[crime of the fourth degree,]2 if, in connection with initiation of applicants to or members of a student or fraternal organization, whose membership is primarily students or alumni of the organization or an institution of higher education, 2[he] the person2 knowingly or recklessly [organizes, promotes, facilitates or engages in any conduct, other than competitive athletic events, which places or may place another person in danger of bodily injury] 2[causes, coerces, or forces another person to do any of the following]2 :

      (1) 2[violate] causes, coerces, or otherwise induces another person to commit an act that violates2 federal or State criminal law;

      (2) 2causes, coerces, or otherwise induces another person to2   consume any food, liquid, alcoholic liquid, drug or other substance which subjects the 2[other]2 person to a risk of emotional or physical harm 2or is otherwise deleterious to the person's health2 ;

      (3) 2[endure brutality] subjects another person to abuse, mistreatment, harassment, or degradation2 of a physical nature, including 2, but not limited to,2 whipping, beating, branding, 2excessive2 calisthenics, or exposure to the elements;

      (4) 2[endure brutality] subjects another person to abuse, mistreatment, harassment, or degradation2 of a mental 2or emotional2 nature, including 2, but not limited to,2 activity adversely affecting the mental 2or emotional2 health or dignity of the individual, sleep deprivation, exclusion from social contact, or conduct that could result in extreme embarrassment;

      (5) 2[endure brutality] subjects another person to abuse, mistreatment, harassment, or degradation2 of a sexual nature; or

      (6) 2[endure] subjects another person to2 any other activity that creates a reasonable likelihood of bodily injury to the person.

      2[If an act of hazing prohibited in this subsection results in bodily injury, it is a crime of the third degree.]2

      Hazing shall not include any reasonable and customary athletic, law enforcement, or military training; contests; competitions; or events.

      b.   2[A person is guilty of aggravated hazing,] Hazing is2 a crime of the [fourth] third degree 2[,]2 if 2[he] an actor2 commits an act prohibited in subsection a. of this section which results in 2death or2 serious bodily injury to another person 2and is a crime of the fourth degree if the actor commits an act prohibited in subsection a. of this section which results in bodily injury to another person.  Otherwise, hazing is a disorderly persons offense2 .

      c.   2[A] In addition to any other sanctions or penalties that may be imposed, a2 student or fraternal organization described in subsection a. of this section, or an institution of higher education, that knowingly or recklessly promotes or facilitates a person to commit an act of hazing 2[or aggravated hazing]2 prohibited in this section 2[is] shall be2 subject to a fine of not 2less than $1,000 or2 more than $5,000 for 2[each] an initial2 violation of subsection a. of this section, and a fine of not 2less than $5,000 or2 more than $15,000 for each 2subsequent2 violation 2[of subsection b. of this section]2 .

      d.   (1)  A person, student or fraternal organization, or institution of higher education, and another person acting in concert with the person, organization, or institution, shall be immune from prosecution under this section if the person, or 2an2 employee, officer, or other agent 2[for] acting on behalf of2 the organization or institution 2, as the case may be2 :

      (a)  called 9-1-1, or otherwise contacted campus security, police, or emergency services, and reported that a person was in need of medical assistance due to an act of hazing as described in this section;

      (b)  the caller provided the caller's name and, if applicable, the name of the person acting in concert with the caller to the 9-1-1 operator or other recipient of the emergency contact;

      (c)  the caller was the first to make the 9-1-1 report or other emergency report; and

      (d) the caller and, if applicable, the person acting in concert with the caller remained on the scene with the person in need of medical assistance until assistance arrived and cooperated with the emergency services on the scene.

      (2) 2[The person who received medical assistance as a result of the call placed pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection shall also be immune from prosecution under this section.

      (3)]2 In addition to any other applicable immunity or limitation on civil liability, a law enforcement officer or other official empowered to act as an officer for the arrest of offenders against the laws of this State, or a prosecutor, who, acting in good faith, arrested or charged a person who is thereafter determined to be entitled to immunity from prosecution under this subsection shall not be subject to any civil liability for the wrongful arrest or charge.1

(cf: P.L.1980, c.169, s.1)

      18.  Section 2 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-4) is amended to read as follows:

      2.   2a.2  Notwithstanding any other provision of Title 2C of the New Jersey Statutes to the contrary, consent 2[or the fact that the act of hazing as described in section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3) was sanctioned or approved by the student or fraternal organization or the institution of higher education]2 shall not be available as a defense to a prosecution under [this Act] section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3).1

      2b.  It shall not be an affirmative defense to a prosecution under section 1 of P.L.1980, c.169 (C.2C:40-3) that the conduct in which the actor engaged was sanctioned or approved by a student or fraternal organization or an institution of higher education.2

(cf: P.L.1980, c.169, s.2)

 

     19.   This act shall take effect on the first day of the seventh month next following the date of enactment, except the Commissioner of Education and the Attorney General may take such anticipatory administrative action in advance as shall be necessary for the implementation of this act.1

 

 

                                

 

     Requires institutions of higher education and public and nonpublic high schools and middle schools to adopt anti-hazing policies; expands activities encompassing criminal hazing and upgrades penalties for engaging in these activities.

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