Bill Text: IL SB1591 | 2019-2020 | 101st General Assembly | Chaptered


Bill Title: Amends the Use Tax Act, the Service Use Tax Act, the Service Occupation Tax Act, and the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act. Creates an exemption for qualified tangible personal property used in the construction or operation of a data center that has been granted a certificate of exemption by the Department of Revenue. Amends the Department of Revenue Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois to add provisions concerning those certificates of exemption. Effective immediately.

Spectrum: Slight Partisan Bill (Democrat 23-13)

Status: (Passed) 2019-08-02 - Public Act . . . . . . . . . 101-0207 [SB1591 Detail]

Download: Illinois-2019-SB1591-Chaptered.html



Public Act 101-0207
SB1591 EnrolledLRB101 08762 HLH 53849 b
AN ACT concerning revenue.
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
Section 5. The Illinois Income Tax Act is amended by adding
Sections 201 and 229 as follows:
(35 ILCS 5/201) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-201)
Sec. 201. Tax imposed.
(a) In general. A tax measured by net income is hereby
imposed on every individual, corporation, trust and estate for
each taxable year ending after July 31, 1969 on the privilege
of earning or receiving income in or as a resident of this
State. Such tax shall be in addition to all other occupation or
privilege taxes imposed by this State or by any municipal
corporation or political subdivision thereof.
(b) Rates. The tax imposed by subsection (a) of this
Section shall be determined as follows, except as adjusted by
subsection (d-1):
(1) In the case of an individual, trust or estate, for
taxable years ending prior to July 1, 1989, an amount equal
to 2 1/2% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable
year.
(2) In the case of an individual, trust or estate, for
taxable years beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending
after June 30, 1989, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 2
1/2% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to
July 1, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3, and (ii)
3% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after June
30, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3.
(3) In the case of an individual, trust or estate, for
taxable years beginning after June 30, 1989, and ending
prior to January 1, 2011, an amount equal to 3% of the
taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(4) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate, for
taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2011, and
ending after December 31, 2010, an amount equal to the sum
of (i) 3% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior
to January 1, 2011, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after
December 31, 2010, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(5) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate, for
taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2011, and
ending prior to January 1, 2015, an amount equal to 5% of
the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(5.1) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2015, and
ending after December 31, 2014, an amount equal to the sum
of (i) 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior
to January 1, 2015, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the period
after December 31, 2014, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(5.2) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015,
and ending prior to July 1, 2017, an amount equal to 3.75%
of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(5.3) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning prior to July 1, 2017, and
ending after June 30, 2017, an amount equal to the sum of
(i) 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior
to July 1, 2017, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 4.95% of the taxpayer's net income for the period
after June 30, 2017, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(5.4) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning on or after July 1, 2017, an
amount equal to 4.95% of the taxpayer's net income for the
taxable year.
(6) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
ending prior to July 1, 1989, an amount equal to 4% of the
taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(7) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending after June 30,
1989, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 4% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period prior to July 1, 1989,
as calculated under Section 202.3, and (ii) 4.8% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period after June 30, 1989,
as calculated under Section 202.3.
(8) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning after June 30, 1989, and ending prior to January
1, 2011, an amount equal to 4.8% of the taxpayer's net
income for the taxable year.
(9) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to January 1, 2011, and ending after
December 31, 2010, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 4.8%
of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to
January 1, 2011, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 7% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after
December 31, 2010, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(10) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after January 1, 2011, and ending prior to
January 1, 2015, an amount equal to 7% of the taxpayer's
net income for the taxable year.
(11) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to January 1, 2015, and ending after
December 31, 2014, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 7% of
the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January
1, 2015, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 5.25%
of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December
31, 2014, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(12) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after January 1, 2015, and ending prior to
July 1, 2017, an amount equal to 5.25% of the taxpayer's
net income for the taxable year.
(13) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to July 1, 2017, and ending after June 30,
2017, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 5.25% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period prior to July 1, 2017,
as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 7% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period after June 30, 2017,
as calculated under Section 202.5.
(14) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after July 1, 2017, an amount equal to 7%
of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
The rates under this subsection (b) are subject to the
provisions of Section 201.5.
(c) Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax.
Beginning on July 1, 1979 and thereafter, in addition to such
income tax, there is also hereby imposed the Personal Property
Tax Replacement Income Tax measured by net income on every
corporation (including Subchapter S corporations), partnership
and trust, for each taxable year ending after June 30, 1979.
Such taxes are imposed on the privilege of earning or receiving
income in or as a resident of this State. The Personal Property
Tax Replacement Income Tax shall be in addition to the income
tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section and in
addition to all other occupation or privilege taxes imposed by
this State or by any municipal corporation or political
subdivision thereof.
(d) Additional Personal Property Tax Replacement Income
Tax Rates. The personal property tax replacement income tax
imposed by this subsection and subsection (c) of this Section
in the case of a corporation, other than a Subchapter S
corporation and except as adjusted by subsection (d-1), shall
be an additional amount equal to 2.85% of such taxpayer's net
income for the taxable year, except that beginning on January
1, 1981, and thereafter, the rate of 2.85% specified in this
subsection shall be reduced to 2.5%, and in the case of a
partnership, trust or a Subchapter S corporation shall be an
additional amount equal to 1.5% of such taxpayer's net income
for the taxable year.
(d-1) Rate reduction for certain foreign insurers. In the
case of a foreign insurer, as defined by Section 35A-5 of the
Illinois Insurance Code, whose state or country of domicile
imposes on insurers domiciled in Illinois a retaliatory tax
(excluding any insurer whose premiums from reinsurance assumed
are 50% or more of its total insurance premiums as determined
under paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 304, except
that for purposes of this determination premiums from
reinsurance do not include premiums from inter-affiliate
reinsurance arrangements), beginning with taxable years ending
on or after December 31, 1999, the sum of the rates of tax
imposed by subsections (b) and (d) shall be reduced (but not
increased) to the rate at which the total amount of tax imposed
under this Act, net of all credits allowed under this Act,
shall equal (i) the total amount of tax that would be imposed
on the foreign insurer's net income allocable to Illinois for
the taxable year by such foreign insurer's state or country of
domicile if that net income were subject to all income taxes
and taxes measured by net income imposed by such foreign
insurer's state or country of domicile, net of all credits
allowed or (ii) a rate of zero if no such tax is imposed on such
income by the foreign insurer's state of domicile. For the
purposes of this subsection (d-1), an inter-affiliate includes
a mutual insurer under common management.
(1) For the purposes of subsection (d-1), in no event
shall the sum of the rates of tax imposed by subsections
(b) and (d) be reduced below the rate at which the sum of:
(A) the total amount of tax imposed on such foreign
insurer under this Act for a taxable year, net of all
credits allowed under this Act, plus
(B) the privilege tax imposed by Section 409 of the
Illinois Insurance Code, the fire insurance company
tax imposed by Section 12 of the Fire Investigation
Act, and the fire department taxes imposed under
Section 11-10-1 of the Illinois Municipal Code,
equals 1.25% for taxable years ending prior to December 31,
2003, or 1.75% for taxable years ending on or after
December 31, 2003, of the net taxable premiums written for
the taxable year, as described by subsection (1) of Section
409 of the Illinois Insurance Code. This paragraph will in
no event increase the rates imposed under subsections (b)
and (d).
(2) Any reduction in the rates of tax imposed by this
subsection shall be applied first against the rates imposed
by subsection (b) and only after the tax imposed by
subsection (a) net of all credits allowed under this
Section other than the credit allowed under subsection (i)
has been reduced to zero, against the rates imposed by
subsection (d).
This subsection (d-1) is exempt from the provisions of
Section 250.
(e) Investment credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit
against the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax for
investment in qualified property.
(1) A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit equal to .5%
of the basis of qualified property placed in service during
the taxable year, provided such property is placed in
service on or after July 1, 1984. There shall be allowed an
additional credit equal to .5% of the basis of qualified
property placed in service during the taxable year,
provided such property is placed in service on or after
July 1, 1986, and the taxpayer's base employment within
Illinois has increased by 1% or more over the preceding
year as determined by the taxpayer's employment records
filed with the Illinois Department of Employment Security.
Taxpayers who are new to Illinois shall be deemed to have
met the 1% growth in base employment for the first year in
which they file employment records with the Illinois
Department of Employment Security. The provisions added to
this Section by Public Act 85-1200 (and restored by Public
Act 87-895) shall be construed as declaratory of existing
law and not as a new enactment. If, in any year, the
increase in base employment within Illinois over the
preceding year is less than 1%, the additional credit shall
be limited to that percentage times a fraction, the
numerator of which is .5% and the denominator of which is
1%, but shall not exceed .5%. The investment credit shall
not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a
taxpayer's liability in any tax year below zero, nor may
any credit for qualified property be allowed for any year
other than the year in which the property was placed in
service in Illinois. For tax years ending on or after
December 31, 1987, and on or before December 31, 1988, the
credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the
property is placed in service, or, if the amount of the
credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it
exceeds the original liability or the liability as later
amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to
the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the
excess credit years if the taxpayer (i) makes investments
which cause the creation of a minimum of 2,000 full-time
equivalent jobs in Illinois, (ii) is located in an
enterprise zone established pursuant to the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act and (iii) is certified by the
Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now
Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity) as
complying with the requirements specified in clause (i) and
(ii) by July 1, 1986. The Department of Commerce and
Community Affairs (now Department of Commerce and Economic
Opportunity) shall notify the Department of Revenue of all
such certifications immediately. For tax years ending
after December 31, 1988, the credit shall be allowed for
the tax year in which the property is placed in service,
or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability
for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or
the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried
forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable
years following the excess credit years. The credit shall
be applied to the earliest year for which there is a
liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year
that is available to offset a liability, earlier credit
shall be applied first.
(2) The term "qualified property" means property
which:
(A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
buildings and structural components of buildings and
signs that are real property, but not including land or
improvements to real property that are not a structural
component of a building such as landscaping, sewer
lines, local access roads, fencing, parking lots, and
other appurtenances;
(B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property"
as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not
eligible for the credit provided by this subsection
(e);
(C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(D) is used in Illinois by a taxpayer who is
primarily engaged in manufacturing, or in mining coal
or fluorite, or in retailing, or was placed in service
on or after July 1, 2006 in a River Edge Redevelopment
Zone established pursuant to the River Edge
Redevelopment Zone Act; and
(E) has not previously been used in Illinois in
such a manner and by such a person as would qualify for
the credit provided by this subsection (e) or
subsection (f).
(3) For purposes of this subsection (e),
"manufacturing" means the material staging and production
of tangible personal property by procedures commonly
regarded as manufacturing, processing, fabrication, or
assembling which changes some existing material into new
shapes, new qualities, or new combinations. For purposes of
this subsection (e) the term "mining" shall have the same
meaning as the term "mining" in Section 613(c) of the
Internal Revenue Code. For purposes of this subsection (e),
the term "retailing" means the sale of tangible personal
property for use or consumption and not for resale, or
services rendered in conjunction with the sale of tangible
personal property for use or consumption and not for
resale. For purposes of this subsection (e), "tangible
personal property" has the same meaning as when that term
is used in the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act, and, for
taxable years ending after December 31, 2008, does not
include the generation, transmission, or distribution of
electricity.
(4) The basis of qualified property shall be the basis
used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal
income tax purposes.
(5) If the basis of the property for federal income tax
depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed
in service in Illinois by the taxpayer, the amount of such
increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the
date of such increase in basis.
(6) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(7) If during any taxable year, any property ceases to
be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within
48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of
any qualified property is moved outside Illinois within 48
months after being placed in service, the Personal Property
Tax Replacement Income Tax for such taxable year shall be
increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i)
recomputing the investment credit which would have been
allowed for the year in which credit for such property was
originally allowed by eliminating such property from such
computation and, (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit
from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the
purposes of this paragraph (7), a reduction of the basis of
qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the
purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified
property to the extent of such reduction.
(8) Unless the investment credit is extended by law,
the basis of qualified property shall not include costs
incurred after December 31, 2018, except for costs incurred
pursuant to a binding contract entered into on or before
December 31, 2018.
(9) Each taxable year ending before December 31, 2000,
a partnership may elect to pass through to its partners the
credits to which the partnership is entitled under this
subsection (e) for the taxable year. A partner may use the
credit allocated to him or her under this paragraph only
against the tax imposed in subsections (c) and (d) of this
Section. If the partnership makes that election, those
credits shall be allocated among the partners in the
partnership in accordance with the rules set forth in
Section 704(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the rules
promulgated under that Section, and the allocated amount of
the credits shall be allowed to the partners for that
taxable year. The partnership shall make this election on
its Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax return for
that taxable year. The election to pass through the credits
shall be irrevocable.
For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2000,
a partner that qualifies its partnership for a subtraction
under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (2) of subsection (d)
of Section 203 or a shareholder that qualifies a Subchapter
S corporation for a subtraction under subparagraph (S) of
paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 203 shall be
allowed a credit under this subsection (e) equal to its
share of the credit earned under this subsection (e) during
the taxable year by the partnership or Subchapter S
corporation, determined in accordance with the
determination of income and distributive share of income
under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal
Revenue Code. This paragraph is exempt from the provisions
of Section 250.
(f) Investment credit; Enterprise Zone; River Edge
Redevelopment Zone.
(1) A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the
tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for
investment in qualified property which is placed in service
in an Enterprise Zone created pursuant to the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act or, for property placed in service on
or after July 1, 2006, a River Edge Redevelopment Zone
established pursuant to the River Edge Redevelopment Zone
Act. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S
corporations, and owners of limited liability companies,
if the liability company is treated as a partnership for
purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall
be allowed a credit under this subsection (f) to be
determined in accordance with the determination of income
and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704
and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. The credit
shall be .5% of the basis for such property. The credit
shall be available only in the taxable year in which the
property is placed in service in the Enterprise Zone or
River Edge Redevelopment Zone and shall not be allowed to
the extent that it would reduce a taxpayer's liability for
the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section
to below zero. For tax years ending on or after December
31, 1985, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in
which the property is placed in service, or, if the amount
of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year,
whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability
as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and
applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years
following the excess credit year. The credit shall be
applied to the earliest year for which there is a
liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year
that is available to offset a liability, the credit
accruing first in time shall be applied first.
(2) The term qualified property means property which:
(A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
buildings and structural components of buildings;
(B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property"
as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not
eligible for the credit provided by this subsection
(f);
(C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(D) is used in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge
Redevelopment Zone by the taxpayer; and
(E) has not been previously used in Illinois in
such a manner and by such a person as would qualify for
the credit provided by this subsection (f) or
subsection (e).
(3) The basis of qualified property shall be the basis
used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal
income tax purposes.
(4) If the basis of the property for federal income tax
depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed
in service in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge
Redevelopment Zone by the taxpayer, the amount of such
increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the
date of such increase in basis.
(5) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) If during any taxable year, any property ceases to
be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within
48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of
any qualified property is moved outside the Enterprise Zone
or River Edge Redevelopment Zone within 48 months after
being placed in service, the tax imposed under subsections
(a) and (b) of this Section for such taxable year shall be
increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i)
recomputing the investment credit which would have been
allowed for the year in which credit for such property was
originally allowed by eliminating such property from such
computation, and (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit
from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the
purposes of this paragraph (6), a reduction of the basis of
qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the
purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified
property to the extent of such reduction.
(7) There shall be allowed an additional credit equal
to 0.5% of the basis of qualified property placed in
service during the taxable year in a River Edge
Redevelopment Zone, provided such property is placed in
service on or after July 1, 2006, and the taxpayer's base
employment within Illinois has increased by 1% or more over
the preceding year as determined by the taxpayer's
employment records filed with the Illinois Department of
Employment Security. Taxpayers who are new to Illinois
shall be deemed to have met the 1% growth in base
employment for the first year in which they file employment
records with the Illinois Department of Employment
Security. If, in any year, the increase in base employment
within Illinois over the preceding year is less than 1%,
the additional credit shall be limited to that percentage
times a fraction, the numerator of which is 0.5% and the
denominator of which is 1%, but shall not exceed 0.5%.
(g) (Blank).
(h) Investment credit; High Impact Business.
(1) Subject to subsections (b) and (b-5) of Section 5.5
of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act, a taxpayer shall be
allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) of this Section for investment in qualified
property which is placed in service by a Department of
Commerce and Economic Opportunity designated High Impact
Business. The credit shall be .5% of the basis for such
property. The credit shall not be available (i) until the
minimum investments in qualified property set forth in
subdivision (a)(3)(A) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act have been satisfied or (ii) until the
time authorized in subsection (b-5) of the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act for entities designated as High Impact
Businesses under subdivisions (a)(3)(B), (a)(3)(C), and
(a)(3)(D) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone
Act, and shall not be allowed to the extent that it would
reduce a taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section to below zero. The
credit applicable to such investments shall be taken in the
taxable year in which such investments have been completed.
The credit for additional investments beyond the minimum
investment by a designated high impact business authorized
under subdivision (a)(3)(A) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act shall be available only in the taxable
year in which the property is placed in service and shall
not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a
taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) of this Section to below zero. For tax years ending
on or after December 31, 1987, the credit shall be allowed
for the tax year in which the property is placed in
service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax
liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original
liability or the liability as later amended, such excess
may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of
the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The
credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which
there is a liability. If there is credit from more than one
tax year that is available to offset a liability, the
credit accruing first in time shall be applied first.
Changes made in this subdivision (h)(1) by Public Act
88-670 restore changes made by Public Act 85-1182 and
reflect existing law.
(2) The term qualified property means property which:
(A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
buildings and structural components of buildings;
(B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property"
as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not
eligible for the credit provided by this subsection
(h);
(C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code; and
(D) is not eligible for the Enterprise Zone
Investment Credit provided by subsection (f) of this
Section.
(3) The basis of qualified property shall be the basis
used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal
income tax purposes.
(4) If the basis of the property for federal income tax
depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed
in service in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or
Sub-Zone located in Illinois by the taxpayer, the amount of
such increase shall be deemed property placed in service on
the date of such increase in basis.
(5) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) If during any taxable year ending on or before
December 31, 1996, any property ceases to be qualified
property in the hands of the taxpayer within 48 months
after being placed in service, or the situs of any
qualified property is moved outside Illinois within 48
months after being placed in service, the tax imposed under
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for such taxable
year shall be increased. Such increase shall be determined
by (i) recomputing the investment credit which would have
been allowed for the year in which credit for such property
was originally allowed by eliminating such property from
such computation, and (ii) subtracting such recomputed
credit from the amount of credit previously allowed. For
the purposes of this paragraph (6), a reduction of the
basis of qualified property resulting from a
redetermination of the purchase price shall be deemed a
disposition of qualified property to the extent of such
reduction.
(7) Beginning with tax years ending after December 31,
1996, if a taxpayer qualifies for the credit under this
subsection (h) and thereby is granted a tax abatement and
the taxpayer relocates its entire facility in violation of
the explicit terms and length of the contract under Section
18-183 of the Property Tax Code, the tax imposed under
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section shall be increased
for the taxable year in which the taxpayer relocated its
facility by an amount equal to the amount of credit
received by the taxpayer under this subsection (h).
(i) Credit for Personal Property Tax Replacement Income
Tax. For tax years ending prior to December 31, 2003, a credit
shall be allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and
(b) of this Section for the tax imposed by subsections (c) and
(d) of this Section. This credit shall be computed by
multiplying the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this
Section by a fraction, the numerator of which is base income
allocable to Illinois and the denominator of which is Illinois
base income, and further multiplying the product by the tax
rate imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section.
Any credit earned on or after December 31, 1986 under this
subsection which is unused in the year the credit is computed
because it exceeds the tax liability imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) for that year (whether it exceeds the original
liability or the liability as later amended) may be carried
forward and applied to the tax liability imposed by subsections
(a) and (b) of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit
year, provided that no credit may be carried forward to any
year ending on or after December 31, 2003. This credit shall be
applied first to the earliest year for which there is a
liability. If there is a credit under this subsection from more
than one tax year that is available to offset a liability the
earliest credit arising under this subsection shall be applied
first.
If, during any taxable year ending on or after December 31,
1986, the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this
Section for which a taxpayer has claimed a credit under this
subsection (i) is reduced, the amount of credit for such tax
shall also be reduced. Such reduction shall be determined by
recomputing the credit to take into account the reduced tax
imposed by subsections (c) and (d). If any portion of the
reduced amount of credit has been carried to a different
taxable year, an amended return shall be filed for such taxable
year to reduce the amount of credit claimed.
(j) Training expense credit. Beginning with tax years
ending on or after December 31, 1986 and prior to December 31,
2003, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) under this Section for all
amounts paid or accrued, on behalf of all persons employed by
the taxpayer in Illinois or Illinois residents employed outside
of Illinois by a taxpayer, for educational or vocational
training in semi-technical or technical fields or semi-skilled
or skilled fields, which were deducted from gross income in the
computation of taxable income. The credit against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be 1.6% of such
training expenses. For partners, shareholders of subchapter S
corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the
liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of
federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a
credit under this subsection (j) to be determined in accordance
with the determination of income and distributive share of
income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the
Internal Revenue Code.
Any credit allowed under this subsection which is unused in
the year the credit is earned may be carried forward to each of
the 5 taxable years following the year for which the credit is
first computed until it is used. This credit shall be applied
first to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If
there is a credit under this subsection from more than one tax
year that is available to offset a liability the earliest
credit arising under this subsection shall be applied first. No
carryforward credit may be claimed in any tax year ending on or
after December 31, 2003.
(k) Research and development credit. For tax years ending
after July 1, 1990 and prior to December 31, 2003, and
beginning again for tax years ending on or after December 31,
2004, and ending prior to January 1, 2027 January 1, 2022, a
taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax imposed by
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for increasing research
activities in this State. The credit allowed against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 6 1/2% of
the qualifying expenditures for increasing research activities
in this State. For partners, shareholders of subchapter S
corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the
liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of
federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a
credit under this subsection to be determined in accordance
with the determination of income and distributive share of
income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the
Internal Revenue Code.
For purposes of this subsection, "qualifying expenditures"
means the qualifying expenditures as defined for the federal
credit for increasing research activities which would be
allowable under Section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code and
which are conducted in this State, "qualifying expenditures for
increasing research activities in this State" means the excess
of qualifying expenditures for the taxable year in which
incurred over qualifying expenditures for the base period,
"qualifying expenditures for the base period" means the average
of the qualifying expenditures for each year in the base
period, and "base period" means the 3 taxable years immediately
preceding the taxable year for which the determination is being
made.
Any credit in excess of the tax liability for the taxable
year may be carried forward. A taxpayer may elect to have the
unused credit shown on its final completed return carried over
as a credit against the tax liability for the following 5
taxable years or until it has been fully used, whichever occurs
first; provided that no credit earned in a tax year ending
prior to December 31, 2003 may be carried forward to any year
ending on or after December 31, 2003.
If an unused credit is carried forward to a given year from
2 or more earlier years, that credit arising in the earliest
year will be applied first against the tax liability for the
given year. If a tax liability for the given year still
remains, the credit from the next earliest year will then be
applied, and so on, until all credits have been used or no tax
liability for the given year remains. Any remaining unused
credit or credits then will be carried forward to the next
following year in which a tax liability is incurred, except
that no credit can be carried forward to a year which is more
than 5 years after the year in which the expense for which the
credit is given was incurred.
No inference shall be drawn from this amendatory Act of the
91st General Assembly in construing this Section for taxable
years beginning before January 1, 1999.
It is the intent of the General Assembly that the research
and development credit under this subsection (k) shall apply
continuously for all tax years ending on or after December 31,
2004 and ending prior to January 1, 2027 January 1, 2022,
including, but not limited to, the period beginning on January
1, 2016 and ending on the effective date of this amendatory Act
of the 100th General Assembly. All actions taken in reliance on
the continuation of the credit under this subsection (k) by any
taxpayer are hereby validated.
(l) Environmental Remediation Tax Credit.
(i) For tax years ending after December 31, 1997 and on
or before December 31, 2001, a taxpayer shall be allowed a
credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b)
of this Section for certain amounts paid for unreimbursed
eligible remediation costs, as specified in this
subsection. For purposes of this Section, "unreimbursed
eligible remediation costs" means costs approved by the
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency ("Agency") under
Section 58.14 of the Environmental Protection Act that were
paid in performing environmental remediation at a site for
which a No Further Remediation Letter was issued by the
Agency and recorded under Section 58.10 of the
Environmental Protection Act. The credit must be claimed
for the taxable year in which Agency approval of the
eligible remediation costs is granted. The credit is not
available to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or any related
party caused or contributed to, in any material respect, a
release of regulated substances on, in, or under the site
that was identified and addressed by the remedial action
pursuant to the Site Remediation Program of the
Environmental Protection Act. After the Pollution Control
Board rules are adopted pursuant to the Illinois
Administrative Procedure Act for the administration and
enforcement of Section 58.9 of the Environmental
Protection Act, determinations as to credit availability
for purposes of this Section shall be made consistent with
those rules. For purposes of this Section, "taxpayer"
includes a person whose tax attributes the taxpayer has
succeeded to under Section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code
and "related party" includes the persons disallowed a
deduction for losses by paragraphs (b), (c), and (f)(1) of
Section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code by virtue of being
a related taxpayer, as well as any of its partners. The
credit allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) shall be equal to 25% of the unreimbursed eligible
remediation costs in excess of $100,000 per site, except
that the $100,000 threshold shall not apply to any site
contained in an enterprise zone as determined by the
Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now
Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity). The
total credit allowed shall not exceed $40,000 per year with
a maximum total of $150,000 per site. For partners and
shareholders of subchapter S corporations, there shall be
allowed a credit under this subsection to be determined in
accordance with the determination of income and
distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and
subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
(ii) A credit allowed under this subsection that is
unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried
forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year
for which the credit is first earned until it is used. The
term "unused credit" does not include any amounts of
unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of the
maximum credit per site authorized under paragraph (i).
This credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for
which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this
subsection from more than one tax year that is available to
offset a liability, the earliest credit arising under this
subsection shall be applied first. A credit allowed under
this subsection may be sold to a buyer as part of a sale of
all or part of the remediation site for which the credit
was granted. The purchaser of a remediation site and the
tax credit shall succeed to the unused credit and remaining
carry-forward period of the seller. To perfect the
transfer, the assignor shall record the transfer in the
chain of title for the site and provide written notice to
the Director of the Illinois Department of Revenue of the
assignor's intent to sell the remediation site and the
amount of the tax credit to be transferred as a portion of
the sale. In no event may a credit be transferred to any
taxpayer if the taxpayer or a related party would not be
eligible under the provisions of subsection (i).
(iii) For purposes of this Section, the term "site"
shall have the same meaning as under Section 58.2 of the
Environmental Protection Act.
(m) Education expense credit. Beginning with tax years
ending after December 31, 1999, a taxpayer who is the custodian
of one or more qualifying pupils shall be allowed a credit
against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this
Section for qualified education expenses incurred on behalf of
the qualifying pupils. The credit shall be equal to 25% of
qualified education expenses, but in no event may the total
credit under this subsection claimed by a family that is the
custodian of qualifying pupils exceed (i) $500 for tax years
ending prior to December 31, 2017, and (ii) $750 for tax years
ending on or after December 31, 2017. In no event shall a
credit under this subsection reduce the taxpayer's liability
under this Act to less than zero. Notwithstanding any other
provision of law, for taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 2017, no taxpayer may claim a credit under this
subsection (m) if the taxpayer's adjusted gross income for the
taxable year exceeds (i) $500,000, in the case of spouses
filing a joint federal tax return or (ii) $250,000, in the case
of all other taxpayers. This subsection is exempt from the
provisions of Section 250 of this Act.
For purposes of this subsection:
"Qualifying pupils" means individuals who (i) are
residents of the State of Illinois, (ii) are under the age of
21 at the close of the school year for which a credit is
sought, and (iii) during the school year for which a credit is
sought were full-time pupils enrolled in a kindergarten through
twelfth grade education program at any school, as defined in
this subsection.
"Qualified education expense" means the amount incurred on
behalf of a qualifying pupil in excess of $250 for tuition,
book fees, and lab fees at the school in which the pupil is
enrolled during the regular school year.
"School" means any public or nonpublic elementary or
secondary school in Illinois that is in compliance with Title
VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and attendance at which
satisfies the requirements of Section 26-1 of the School Code,
except that nothing shall be construed to require a child to
attend any particular public or nonpublic school to qualify for
the credit under this Section.
"Custodian" means, with respect to qualifying pupils, an
Illinois resident who is a parent, the parents, a legal
guardian, or the legal guardians of the qualifying pupils.
(n) River Edge Redevelopment Zone site remediation tax
credit.
(i) For tax years ending on or after December 31, 2006,
a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for
certain amounts paid for unreimbursed eligible remediation
costs, as specified in this subsection. For purposes of
this Section, "unreimbursed eligible remediation costs"
means costs approved by the Illinois Environmental
Protection Agency ("Agency") under Section 58.14a of the
Environmental Protection Act that were paid in performing
environmental remediation at a site within a River Edge
Redevelopment Zone for which a No Further Remediation
Letter was issued by the Agency and recorded under Section
58.10 of the Environmental Protection Act. The credit must
be claimed for the taxable year in which Agency approval of
the eligible remediation costs is granted. The credit is
not available to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or any
related party caused or contributed to, in any material
respect, a release of regulated substances on, in, or under
the site that was identified and addressed by the remedial
action pursuant to the Site Remediation Program of the
Environmental Protection Act. Determinations as to credit
availability for purposes of this Section shall be made
consistent with rules adopted by the Pollution Control
Board pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure
Act for the administration and enforcement of Section 58.9
of the Environmental Protection Act. For purposes of this
Section, "taxpayer" includes a person whose tax attributes
the taxpayer has succeeded to under Section 381 of the
Internal Revenue Code and "related party" includes the
persons disallowed a deduction for losses by paragraphs
(b), (c), and (f)(1) of Section 267 of the Internal Revenue
Code by virtue of being a related taxpayer, as well as any
of its partners. The credit allowed against the tax imposed
by subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 25% of the
unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of
$100,000 per site.
(ii) A credit allowed under this subsection that is
unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried
forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year
for which the credit is first earned until it is used. This
credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for
which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this
subsection from more than one tax year that is available to
offset a liability, the earliest credit arising under this
subsection shall be applied first. A credit allowed under
this subsection may be sold to a buyer as part of a sale of
all or part of the remediation site for which the credit
was granted. The purchaser of a remediation site and the
tax credit shall succeed to the unused credit and remaining
carry-forward period of the seller. To perfect the
transfer, the assignor shall record the transfer in the
chain of title for the site and provide written notice to
the Director of the Illinois Department of Revenue of the
assignor's intent to sell the remediation site and the
amount of the tax credit to be transferred as a portion of
the sale. In no event may a credit be transferred to any
taxpayer if the taxpayer or a related party would not be
eligible under the provisions of subsection (i).
(iii) For purposes of this Section, the term "site"
shall have the same meaning as under Section 58.2 of the
Environmental Protection Act.
(o) For each of taxable years during the Compassionate Use
of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program, a surcharge is imposed on
all taxpayers on income arising from the sale or exchange of
capital assets, depreciable business property, real property
used in the trade or business, and Section 197 intangibles of
an organization registrant under the Compassionate Use of
Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act. The amount of the surcharge
is equal to the amount of federal income tax liability for the
taxable year attributable to those sales and exchanges. The
surcharge imposed does not apply if:
(1) the medical cannabis cultivation center
registration, medical cannabis dispensary registration, or
the property of a registration is transferred as a result
of any of the following:
(A) bankruptcy, a receivership, or a debt
adjustment initiated by or against the initial
registration or the substantial owners of the initial
registration;
(B) cancellation, revocation, or termination of
any registration by the Illinois Department of Public
Health;
(C) a determination by the Illinois Department of
Public Health that transfer of the registration is in
the best interests of Illinois qualifying patients as
defined by the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis
Pilot Program Act;
(D) the death of an owner of the equity interest in
a registrant;
(E) the acquisition of a controlling interest in
the stock or substantially all of the assets of a
publicly traded company;
(F) a transfer by a parent company to a wholly
owned subsidiary; or
(G) the transfer or sale to or by one person to
another person where both persons were initial owners
of the registration when the registration was issued;
or
(2) the cannabis cultivation center registration,
medical cannabis dispensary registration, or the
controlling interest in a registrant's property is
transferred in a transaction to lineal descendants in which
no gain or loss is recognized or as a result of a
transaction in accordance with Section 351 of the Internal
Revenue Code in which no gain or loss is recognized.
(Source: P.A. 100-22, eff. 7-6-17.)
(35 ILCS 5/229 new)
Sec. 229. Apprenticeship education expense credit.
(a) As used in this Section:
"Department" means the Department of Commerce and Economic
Opportunity.
"Employer" means an Illinois taxpayer who is the employer
of the qualifying apprentice.
"Qualifying apprentice" means an individual who: (i) is a
resident of the State of Illinois; (ii) is at least 16 years
old at the close of the school year for which a credit is
sought; (iii) during the school year for which a credit is
sought, was a full-time apprentice enrolled in an
apprenticeship program which is registered with the United
States Department of Labor, Office of Apprenticeship; and (iv)
is employed in Illinois by the taxpayer who is the employer.
"Qualified education expense" means the amount incurred on
behalf of a qualifying apprentice not to exceed $3,500 for
tuition, book fees, and lab fees at the school or community
college in which the apprentice is enrolled during the regular
school year.
"School" means any public or nonpublic secondary school in
Illinois that is: (i) an institution of higher education that
provides a program that leads to an industry-recognized
postsecondary credential or degree; (ii) an entity that carries
out programs registered under the federal National
Apprenticeship Act; or (iii) another public or private provider
of a program of training services, which may include a joint
labor-management organization.
(b) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1,
2020, and beginning on or before January 1, 2025, the employer
of one or more qualifying apprentices shall be allowed a credit
against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section
201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act for qualified education
expenses incurred on behalf of a qualifying apprentice. The
credit shall be equal to 100% of the qualified education
expenses, but in no event may the total credit amount awarded
to a single taxpayer in a single taxable year exceed $3,500 per
qualifying apprentice. A taxpayer shall be entitled to an
additional $1,500 credit against the tax imposed by subsections
(a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act if
(i) the qualifying apprentice resides in an underserved area as
defined in Section 5-5 of the Economic Development for a
Growing Economy Tax Credit Act during the school year for which
a credit is sought by an employer or (ii) the employer's
principal place of business is located in an underserved area,
as defined in Section 5-5 of the Economic Development for a
Growing Economy Tax Credit Act. In no event shall a credit
under this Section reduce the taxpayer's liability under this
Act to less than zero. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter
S corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if
the liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes
of federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a
credit under this Section to be determined in accordance with
the determination of income and distributive share of income
under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal
Revenue Code.
(c) The Department shall implement a program to certify
applicants for an apprenticeship credit under this Section.
Upon satisfactory review, the Department shall issue a tax
credit certificate to an employer incurring costs on behalf of
a qualifying apprentice stating the amount of the tax credit to
which the employer is entitled. If the employer is seeking a
tax credit for multiple qualifying apprentices, the Department
may issue a single tax credit certificate that encompasses the
aggregate total of tax credits for qualifying apprentices for a
single employer.
(d) The Department, in addition to those powers granted
under the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois, is granted and
shall have all the powers necessary or convenient to carry out
and effectuate the purposes and provisions of this Section,
including, but not limited to, power and authority to:
(1) Adopt rules deemed necessary and appropriate for
the administration of this Section; establish forms for
applications, notifications, contracts, or any other
agreements; and accept applications at any time during the
year and require that all applications be submitted via the
Internet. The Department shall require that applications
be submitted in electronic form.
(2) Provide guidance and assistance to applicants
pursuant to the provisions of this Section and cooperate
with applicants to promote, foster, and support job
creation within the State.
(3) Enter into agreements and memoranda of
understanding for participation of and engage in
cooperation with agencies of the federal government, units
of local government, universities, research foundations or
institutions, regional economic development corporations,
or other organizations for the purposes of this Section.
(4) Gather information and conduct inquiries, in the
manner and by the methods it deems desirable, including,
without limitation, gathering information with respect to
applicants for the purpose of making any designations or
certifications necessary or desirable or to gather
information in furtherance of the purposes of this Act.
(5) Establish, negotiate, and effectuate any term,
agreement, or other document with any person necessary or
appropriate to accomplish the purposes of this Section, and
consent, subject to the provisions of any agreement with
another party, to the modification or restructuring of any
agreement to which the Department is a party.
(6) Provide for sufficient personnel to permit
administration, staffing, operation, and related support
required to adequately discharge its duties and
responsibilities described in this Section from funds made
available through charges to applicants or from funds as
may be appropriated by the General Assembly for the
administration of this Section.
(7) Require applicants, upon written request, to issue
any necessary authorization to the appropriate federal,
State, or local authority or any other person for the
release to the Department of information requested by the
Department, including, but not be limited to, financial
reports, returns, or records relating to the applicant or
to the amount of credit allowable under this Section.
(8) Require that an applicant shall, at all times, keep
proper books of record and account in accordance with
generally accepted accounting principles consistently
applied, with the books, records, or papers related to the
agreement in the custody or control of the applicant open
for reasonable Department inspection and audits,
including, without limitation, the making of copies of the
books, records, or papers.
(9) Take whatever actions are necessary or appropriate
to protect the State's interest in the event of bankruptcy,
default, foreclosure, or noncompliance with the terms and
conditions of financial assistance or participation
required under this Section or any agreement entered into
under this Section, including the power to sell, dispose
of, lease, or rent, upon terms and conditions determined by
the Department to be appropriate, real or personal property
that the Department may recover as a result of these
actions.
(e) The Department, in consultation with the Department of
Revenue, shall adopt rules to administer this Section. The
aggregate amount of the tax credits that may be claimed under
this Section for qualified education expenses incurred by an
employer on behalf of a qualifying apprentice shall be limited
to $5,000,000 per calendar year. If applications for a greater
amount are received, credits shall be allowed on a first-come
first-served basis, based on the date on which each properly
completed application for a certificate of eligibility is
received by the Department. If more than one certificate is
received on the same day, the credits will be awarded based on
the time of submission for that particular day.
(f) An employer may not sell or otherwise transfer a credit
awarded under this Section to another person or taxpayer.
(g) The employer shall provide the Department such
information as the Department may require, including but not
limited to: (i) the name, age, and taxpayer identification
number of each qualifying apprentice employed by the taxpayer
during the taxable year; (ii) the amount of qualified education
expenses incurred with respect to each qualifying apprentice;
and (iii) the name of the school at which the qualifying
apprentice is enrolled and the qualified education expenses are
incurred.
(h) On or before July 1 of each year, the Department shall
report to the Governor and the General Assembly on the tax
credit certificates awarded under this Section for the prior
calendar year. The report must include:
(1) the name of each employer awarded or allocated a
credit;
(2) the number of qualifying apprentices for whom the
employer has incurred qualified education expenses;
(3) the North American Industry Classification System
(NAICS) code applicable to each employer awarded or
allocated a credit;
(4) the amount of the credit awarded or allocated to
each employer;
(5) the total number of employers awarded or allocated
a credit;
(6) the total number of qualifying apprentices for whom
employers receiving credits under this Section incurred
qualified education expenses; and
(7) the average cost to the employer of all
apprenticeships receiving credits under this Section.
Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon
becoming law.
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