Bill Text: IL HB0185 | 2017-2018 | 100th General Assembly | Chaptered


Bill Title: Amends the Criminal Code of 2012. Makes a technical change in a Section concerning the short title.

Spectrum: Bipartisan Bill

Status: (Passed) 2017-12-29 - Public Act . . . . . . . . . 100-0572 [HB0185 Detail]

Download: Illinois-2017-HB0185-Chaptered.html



Public Act 100-0572
HB0185 EnrolledLRB100 03278 RLC 13283 b
AN ACT concerning criminal law.
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
Section 5. The Criminal Code of 2012 is amended by changing
Section 14-3 as follows:
(720 ILCS 5/14-3)
Sec. 14-3. Exemptions. The following activities shall be
exempt from the provisions of this Article:
(a) Listening to radio, wireless electronic
communications, and television communications of any sort
where the same are publicly made;
(b) Hearing conversation when heard by employees of any
common carrier by wire incidental to the normal course of their
employment in the operation, maintenance or repair of the
equipment of such common carrier by wire so long as no
information obtained thereby is used or divulged by the hearer;
(c) Any broadcast by radio, television or otherwise whether
it be a broadcast or recorded for the purpose of later
broadcasts of any function where the public is in attendance
and the conversations are overheard incidental to the main
purpose for which such broadcasts are then being made;
(d) Recording or listening with the aid of any device to
any emergency communication made in the normal course of
operations by any federal, state or local law enforcement
agency or institutions dealing in emergency services,
including, but not limited to, hospitals, clinics, ambulance
services, fire fighting agencies, any public utility,
emergency repair facility, civilian defense establishment or
military installation;
(e) Recording the proceedings of any meeting required to be
open by the Open Meetings Act, as amended;
(f) Recording or listening with the aid of any device to
incoming telephone calls of phone lines publicly listed or
advertised as consumer "hotlines" by manufacturers or
retailers of food and drug products. Such recordings must be
destroyed, erased or turned over to local law enforcement
authorities within 24 hours from the time of such recording and
shall not be otherwise disseminated. Failure on the part of the
individual or business operating any such recording or
listening device to comply with the requirements of this
subsection shall eliminate any civil or criminal immunity
conferred upon that individual or business by the operation of
this Section;
(g) With prior notification to the State's Attorney of the
county in which it is to occur, recording or listening with the
aid of any device to any conversation where a law enforcement
officer, or any person acting at the direction of law
enforcement, is a party to the conversation and has consented
to it being intercepted or recorded under circumstances where
the use of the device is necessary for the protection of the
law enforcement officer or any person acting at the direction
of law enforcement, in the course of an investigation of a
forcible felony, a felony offense of involuntary servitude,
involuntary sexual servitude of a minor, or trafficking in
persons under Section 10-9 of this Code, an offense involving
prostitution, solicitation of a sexual act, or pandering, a
felony violation of the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, a
felony violation of the Cannabis Control Act, a felony
violation of the Methamphetamine Control and Community
Protection Act, any "streetgang related" or "gang-related"
felony as those terms are defined in the Illinois Streetgang
Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act, or any felony offense
involving any weapon listed in paragraphs (1) through (11) of
subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of this Code. Any recording or
evidence derived as the result of this exemption shall be
inadmissible in any proceeding, criminal, civil or
administrative, except (i) where a party to the conversation
suffers great bodily injury or is killed during such
conversation, or (ii) when used as direct impeachment of a
witness concerning matters contained in the interception or
recording. The Director of the Department of State Police shall
issue regulations as are necessary concerning the use of
devices, retention of tape recordings, and reports regarding
their use;
(g-5) (Blank);
(g-6) With approval of the State's Attorney of the county
in which it is to occur, recording or listening with the aid of
any device to any conversation where a law enforcement officer,
or any person acting at the direction of law enforcement, is a
party to the conversation and has consented to it being
intercepted or recorded in the course of an investigation of
child pornography, aggravated child pornography, indecent
solicitation of a child, luring of a minor, sexual exploitation
of a child, aggravated criminal sexual abuse in which the
victim of the offense was at the time of the commission of the
offense under 18 years of age, or criminal sexual abuse by
force or threat of force in which the victim of the offense was
at the time of the commission of the offense under 18 years of
age. In all such cases, an application for an order approving
the previous or continuing use of an eavesdropping device must
be made within 48 hours of the commencement of such use. In the
absence of such an order, or upon its denial, any continuing
use shall immediately terminate. The Director of State Police
shall issue rules as are necessary concerning the use of
devices, retention of recordings, and reports regarding their
use. Any recording or evidence obtained or derived in the
course of an investigation of child pornography, aggravated
child pornography, indecent solicitation of a child, luring of
a minor, sexual exploitation of a child, aggravated criminal
sexual abuse in which the victim of the offense was at the time
of the commission of the offense under 18 years of age, or
criminal sexual abuse by force or threat of force in which the
victim of the offense was at the time of the commission of the
offense under 18 years of age shall, upon motion of the State's
Attorney or Attorney General prosecuting any case involving
child pornography, aggravated child pornography, indecent
solicitation of a child, luring of a minor, sexual exploitation
of a child, aggravated criminal sexual abuse in which the
victim of the offense was at the time of the commission of the
offense under 18 years of age, or criminal sexual abuse by
force or threat of force in which the victim of the offense was
at the time of the commission of the offense under 18 years of
age be reviewed in camera with notice to all parties present by
the court presiding over the criminal case, and, if ruled by
the court to be relevant and otherwise admissible, it shall be
admissible at the trial of the criminal case. Absent such a
ruling, any such recording or evidence shall not be admissible
at the trial of the criminal case;
(h) Recordings made simultaneously with the use of an
in-car video camera recording of an oral conversation between a
uniformed peace officer, who has identified his or her office,
and a person in the presence of the peace officer whenever (i)
an officer assigned a patrol vehicle is conducting an
enforcement stop; or (ii) patrol vehicle emergency lights are
activated or would otherwise be activated if not for the need
to conceal the presence of law enforcement.
For the purposes of this subsection (h), "enforcement stop"
means an action by a law enforcement officer in relation to
enforcement and investigation duties, including but not
limited to, traffic stops, pedestrian stops, abandoned vehicle
contacts, motorist assists, commercial motor vehicle stops,
roadside safety checks, requests for identification, or
responses to requests for emergency assistance;
(h-5) Recordings of utterances made by a person while in
the presence of a uniformed peace officer and while an occupant
of a police vehicle including, but not limited to, (i)
recordings made simultaneously with the use of an in-car video
camera and (ii) recordings made in the presence of the peace
officer utilizing video or audio systems, or both, authorized
by the law enforcement agency;
(h-10) Recordings made simultaneously with a video camera
recording during the use of a taser or similar weapon or device
by a peace officer if the weapon or device is equipped with
such camera;
(h-15) Recordings made under subsection (h), (h-5), or
(h-10) shall be retained by the law enforcement agency that
employs the peace officer who made the recordings for a storage
period of 90 days, unless the recordings are made as a part of
an arrest or the recordings are deemed evidence in any
criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding and then the
recordings must only be destroyed upon a final disposition and
an order from the court. Under no circumstances shall any
recording be altered or erased prior to the expiration of the
designated storage period. Upon completion of the storage
period, the recording medium may be erased and reissued for
operational use;
(i) Recording of a conversation made by or at the request
of a person, not a law enforcement officer or agent of a law
enforcement officer, who is a party to the conversation, under
reasonable suspicion that another party to the conversation is
committing, is about to commit, or has committed a criminal
offense against the person or a member of his or her immediate
household, and there is reason to believe that evidence of the
criminal offense may be obtained by the recording;
(j) The use of a telephone monitoring device by either (1)
a corporation or other business entity engaged in marketing or
opinion research or (2) a corporation or other business entity
engaged in telephone solicitation, as defined in this
subsection, to record or listen to oral telephone solicitation
conversations or marketing or opinion research conversations
by an employee of the corporation or other business entity
when:
(i) the monitoring is used for the purpose of service
quality control of marketing or opinion research or
telephone solicitation, the education or training of
employees or contractors engaged in marketing or opinion
research or telephone solicitation, or internal research
related to marketing or opinion research or telephone
solicitation; and
(ii) the monitoring is used with the consent of at
least one person who is an active party to the marketing or
opinion research conversation or telephone solicitation
conversation being monitored.
No communication or conversation or any part, portion, or
aspect of the communication or conversation made, acquired, or
obtained, directly or indirectly, under this exemption (j), may
be, directly or indirectly, furnished to any law enforcement
officer, agency, or official for any purpose or used in any
inquiry or investigation, or used, directly or indirectly, in
any administrative, judicial, or other proceeding, or divulged
to any third party.
When recording or listening authorized by this subsection
(j) on telephone lines used for marketing or opinion research
or telephone solicitation purposes results in recording or
listening to a conversation that does not relate to marketing
or opinion research or telephone solicitation; the person
recording or listening shall, immediately upon determining
that the conversation does not relate to marketing or opinion
research or telephone solicitation, terminate the recording or
listening and destroy any such recording as soon as is
practicable.
Business entities that use a telephone monitoring or
telephone recording system pursuant to this exemption (j) shall
provide current and prospective employees with notice that the
monitoring or recordings may occur during the course of their
employment. The notice shall include prominent signage
notification within the workplace.
Business entities that use a telephone monitoring or
telephone recording system pursuant to this exemption (j) shall
provide their employees or agents with access to personal-only
telephone lines which may be pay telephones, that are not
subject to telephone monitoring or telephone recording.
For the purposes of this subsection (j), "telephone
solicitation" means a communication through the use of a
telephone by live operators:
(i) soliciting the sale of goods or services;
(ii) receiving orders for the sale of goods or
services;
(iii) assisting in the use of goods or services; or
(iv) engaging in the solicitation, administration, or
collection of bank or retail credit accounts.
For the purposes of this subsection (j), "marketing or
opinion research" means a marketing or opinion research
interview conducted by a live telephone interviewer engaged by
a corporation or other business entity whose principal business
is the design, conduct, and analysis of polls and surveys
measuring the opinions, attitudes, and responses of
respondents toward products and services, or social or
political issues, or both;
(k) Electronic recordings, including but not limited to, a
motion picture, videotape, digital, or other visual or audio
recording, made of a custodial interrogation of an individual
at a police station or other place of detention by a law
enforcement officer under Section 5-401.5 of the Juvenile Court
Act of 1987 or Section 103-2.1 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure of 1963;
(l) Recording the interview or statement of any person when
the person knows that the interview is being conducted by a law
enforcement officer or prosecutor and the interview takes place
at a police station that is currently participating in the
Custodial Interview Pilot Program established under the
Illinois Criminal Justice Information Act;
(m) An electronic recording, including but not limited to,
a motion picture, videotape, digital, or other visual or audio
recording, made of the interior of a school bus while the
school bus is being used in the transportation of students to
and from school and school-sponsored activities, when the
school board has adopted a policy authorizing such recording,
notice of such recording policy is included in student
handbooks and other documents including the policies of the
school, notice of the policy regarding recording is provided to
parents of students, and notice of such recording is clearly
posted on the door of and inside the school bus.
Recordings made pursuant to this subsection (m) shall be
confidential records and may only be used by school officials
(or their designees) and law enforcement personnel for
investigations, school disciplinary actions and hearings,
proceedings under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987, and criminal
prosecutions, related to incidents occurring in or around the
school bus;
(n) Recording or listening to an audio transmission from a
microphone placed by a person under the authority of a law
enforcement agency inside a bait car surveillance vehicle while
simultaneously capturing a photographic or video image;
(o) The use of an eavesdropping camera or audio device
during an ongoing hostage or barricade situation by a law
enforcement officer or individual acting on behalf of a law
enforcement officer when the use of such device is necessary to
protect the safety of the general public, hostages, or law
enforcement officers or anyone acting on their behalf;
(p) Recording or listening with the aid of any device to
incoming telephone calls of phone lines publicly listed or
advertised as the "CPS Violence Prevention Hotline", but only
where the notice of recording is given at the beginning of each
call as required by Section 34-21.8 of the School Code. The
recordings may be retained only by the Chicago Police
Department or other law enforcement authorities, and shall not
be otherwise retained or disseminated;
(q)(1) With prior request to and written or verbal approval
of the State's Attorney of the county in which the conversation
is anticipated to occur, recording or listening with the aid of
an eavesdropping device to a conversation in which a law
enforcement officer, or any person acting at the direction of a
law enforcement officer, is a party to the conversation and has
consented to the conversation being intercepted or recorded in
the course of an investigation of a qualified offense. The
State's Attorney may grant this approval only after determining
that reasonable cause exists to believe that inculpatory
conversations concerning a qualified offense will occur with a
specified individual or individuals within a designated period
of time.
(2) Request for approval. To invoke the exception contained
in this subsection (q), a law enforcement officer shall make a
request for approval to the appropriate State's Attorney. The
request may be written or verbal; however, a written
memorialization of the request must be made by the State's
Attorney. This request for approval shall include whatever
information is deemed necessary by the State's Attorney but
shall include, at a minimum, the following information about
each specified individual whom the law enforcement officer
believes will commit a qualified offense:
(A) his or her full or partial name, nickname or alias;
(B) a physical description; or
(C) failing either (A) or (B) of this paragraph (2),
any other supporting information known to the law
enforcement officer at the time of the request that gives
rise to reasonable cause to believe that the specified
individual will participate in an inculpatory conversation
concerning a qualified offense.
(3) Limitations on approval. Each written approval by the
State's Attorney under this subsection (q) shall be limited to:
(A) a recording or interception conducted by a
specified law enforcement officer or person acting at the
direction of a law enforcement officer;
(B) recording or intercepting conversations with the
individuals specified in the request for approval,
provided that the verbal approval shall be deemed to
include the recording or intercepting of conversations
with other individuals, unknown to the law enforcement
officer at the time of the request for approval, who are
acting in conjunction with or as co-conspirators with the
individuals specified in the request for approval in the
commission of a qualified offense;
(C) a reasonable period of time but in no event longer
than 24 consecutive hours;
(D) the written request for approval, if applicable, or
the written memorialization must be filed, along with the
written approval, with the circuit clerk of the
jurisdiction on the next business day following the
expiration of the authorized period of time, and shall be
subject to review by the Chief Judge or his or her designee
as deemed appropriate by the court.
(3.5) The written memorialization of the request for
approval and the written approval by the State's Attorney may
be in any format, including via facsimile, email, or otherwise,
so long as it is capable of being filed with the circuit clerk.
(3.10) Beginning March 1, 2015, each State's Attorney shall
annually submit a report to the General Assembly disclosing:
(A) the number of requests for each qualified offense
for approval under this subsection; and
(B) the number of approvals for each qualified offense
given by the State's Attorney.
(4) Admissibility of evidence. No part of the contents of
any wire, electronic, or oral communication that has been
recorded or intercepted as a result of this exception may be
received in evidence in any trial, hearing, or other proceeding
in or before any court, grand jury, department, officer,
agency, regulatory body, legislative committee, or other
authority of this State, or a political subdivision of the
State, other than in a prosecution of:
(A) the qualified offense for which approval was given
to record or intercept a conversation under this subsection
(q);
(B) a forcible felony committed directly in the course
of the investigation of the qualified offense for which
approval was given to record or intercept a conversation
under this subsection (q); or
(C) any other forcible felony committed while the
recording or interception was approved in accordance with
this subsection (q), but for this specific category of
prosecutions, only if the law enforcement officer or person
acting at the direction of a law enforcement officer who
has consented to the conversation being intercepted or
recorded suffers great bodily injury or is killed during
the commission of the charged forcible felony.
(5) Compliance with the provisions of this subsection is a
prerequisite to the admissibility in evidence of any part of
the contents of any wire, electronic or oral communication that
has been intercepted as a result of this exception, but nothing
in this subsection shall be deemed to prevent a court from
otherwise excluding the evidence on any other ground recognized
by State or federal law, nor shall anything in this subsection
be deemed to prevent a court from independently reviewing the
admissibility of the evidence for compliance with the Fourth
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution or with Article I, Section 6
of the Illinois Constitution.
(6) Use of recordings or intercepts unrelated to qualified
offenses. Whenever any private conversation or private
electronic communication has been recorded or intercepted as a
result of this exception that is not related to an offense for
which the recording or intercept is admissible under paragraph
(4) of this subsection (q), no part of the contents of the
communication and evidence derived from the communication may
be received in evidence in any trial, hearing, or other
proceeding in or before any court, grand jury, department,
officer, agency, regulatory body, legislative committee, or
other authority of this State, or a political subdivision of
the State, nor may it be publicly disclosed in any way.
(6.5) The Department of State Police shall adopt rules as
are necessary concerning the use of devices, retention of
recordings, and reports regarding their use under this
subsection (q).
(7) Definitions. For the purposes of this subsection (q)
only:
"Forcible felony" includes and is limited to those
offenses contained in Section 2-8 of the Criminal Code of
1961 as of the effective date of this amendatory Act of the
97th General Assembly, and only as those offenses have been
defined by law or judicial interpretation as of that date.
"Qualified offense" means and is limited to:
(A) a felony violation of the Cannabis Control Act,
the Illinois Controlled Substances Act, or the
Methamphetamine Control and Community Protection Act,
except for violations of:
(i) Section 4 of the Cannabis Control Act;
(ii) Section 402 of the Illinois Controlled
Substances Act; and
(iii) Section 60 of the Methamphetamine
Control and Community Protection Act; and
(B) first degree murder, solicitation of murder
for hire, predatory criminal sexual assault of a child,
criminal sexual assault, aggravated criminal sexual
assault, aggravated arson, kidnapping, aggravated
kidnapping, child abduction, trafficking in persons,
involuntary servitude, involuntary sexual servitude of
a minor, or gunrunning.
"State's Attorney" includes and is limited to the
State's Attorney or an assistant State's Attorney
designated by the State's Attorney to provide verbal
approval to record or intercept conversations under this
subsection (q).
(8) Sunset. This subsection (q) is inoperative on and after
January 1, 2020 2018. No conversations intercepted pursuant to
this subsection (q), while operative, shall be inadmissible in
a court of law by virtue of the inoperability of this
subsection (q) on January 1, 2020 2018.
(9) Recordings, records, and custody. Any private
conversation or private electronic communication intercepted
by a law enforcement officer or a person acting at the
direction of law enforcement shall, if practicable, be recorded
in such a way as will protect the recording from editing or
other alteration. Any and all original recordings made under
this subsection (q) shall be inventoried without unnecessary
delay pursuant to the law enforcement agency's policies for
inventorying evidence. The original recordings shall not be
destroyed except upon an order of a court of competent
jurisdiction; and
(r) Electronic recordings, including but not limited to,
motion picture, videotape, digital, or other visual or audio
recording, made of a lineup under Section 107A-2 of the Code of
Criminal Procedure of 1963.
(Source: P.A. 97-333, eff. 8-12-11; 97-846, eff. 1-1-13;
97-897, eff. 1-1-13; 98-463, eff. 8-16-13; 98-1014, eff.
1-1-15; 98-1142, eff. 12-30-14.)
Section 99. Effective date. This Act takes effect upon
becoming law.
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