Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That §38.2-3407.15:2 of the Code of Virginia is amended and reenacted as follows:
§38.2-3407.15:2. Carrier contracts; required provisions regarding prior authorization.
A. As used in this section, unless the context requires a different meaning:
"Carrier" has the same meaning ascribed thereto in subsection A of §38.2-3407.15.
"Prior authorization" means the approval process used by a carrier before certain drug benefits may be provided.
"Provider contract" has the same meaning ascribed thereto in subsection A of §38.2-3407.15.
"Supplementation" means a request communicated by the carrier to the prescriber or his designee, for additional information, limited to items specifically requested on the applicable prior authorization request, necessary to approve or deny a prior authorization request.
B. Any provider contract between a carrier and a participating health care provider with prescriptive authority, or its contracting agent, shall contain specific provisions that:
1. Require the carrier to, in a method of its choosing, accept telephonic, facsimile, or electronic submission of prior authorization requests that are delivered from e-prescribing systems, electronic health record systems, and health information exchange platforms that utilize the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs' SCRIPT standards;
2. Require that the carrier communicate to the prescriber or his designee within 24 hours, including weekend hours, of submission of an urgent prior authorization request to the carrier, if submitted telephonically or in an alternate method directed by the carrier, that the request is approved, denied, or requires supplementation;
3. Require that the carrier communicate electronically, telephonically, or by facsimile to the prescriber or his designee, within two business days of submission of a fully completed prior authorization request, that the request is approved, denied, or requires supplementation;
4. Require that the carrier communicate electronically, telephonically, or by facsimile to the prescriber or his designee, within two business days of submission of a properly completed supplementation from the prescriber or his designee, that the request is approved or denied;
5. Require that if the prior authorization request is denied, the carrier shall communicate electronically, telephonically, or by facsimile to the prescriber or his designee, within the timeframes established by subdivision 3 or 4, as applicable, the reasons for the denial;
6. Require that prior authorization approved by another carrier be honored, upon the carrier's receipt from the prescriber or his designee of a record demonstrating the previous carrier's prior authorization approval or any written or electronic evidence of the previous carrier's coverage of such drug, at least for the initial 30 days of a member's prescription drug benefit coverage under a new health plan, subject to the provisions of the new carrier's evidence of coverage;
7. Require that a tracking system be used by the carrier for all prior authorization requests and that the identification information be provided electronically, telephonically, or by facsimile to the prescriber or his designee, upon the carrier's response to the prior authorization request;
8. Require that the carrier's prescription drug formularies, all drug benefits subject to prior authorization by the carrier, all of the carrier's prior authorization procedures, and all prior authorization request forms accepted by the carrier be made available through one central location on the carrier's website and that such information be updated by the carrier within seven days of approved changes;
9. Require a carrier to honor a prior authorization issued by
the carrier for a drug, other than an opioid, regardless of changes in dosages
of such drug, provided such drug is prescribed consistent with
U.S. Food and Drug Administration-labeled dosages;
10. Require a carrier to honor a prior authorization issued by the carrier for a drug regardless if the covered person changes plans with the same carrier and the drug is a covered benefit with the current health plan;
11. Require a carrier, when requiring a prescriber to provide
supplemental information that is in the covered individual's health record or
electronic health record, to identify the specific information required;
12. Require that no prior authorization be required for at
least one drug prescribed for substance abuse medication-assisted treatment,
provided that (i) the drug is a covered benefit, (ii) the prescription does not
FDA labeled FDA-labeled dosages, and (iii) the drug is
prescribed consistent with the regulations of the Board of Medicine;
13. Require that when any carrier has previously approved prior authorization for any drug prescribed for the treatment of a mental disorder listed in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association, no additional prior authorization shall be required by the carrier, provided that (i) the drug is a covered benefit; (ii) the prescription does not exceed the FDA-labeled dosages; (iii) the prescription has been continuously issued for no fewer than three months; and (iv) the prescriber performs an annual review of the patient to evaluate the drug's continued efficacy, changes in the patient's health status, and potential contraindications. Nothing in this subdivision shall prohibit a carrier from requiring prior authorization for any drug that is not listed on its prescription drug formulary at the time the initial prescription for the drug is issued; and
14. Require a carrier to honor a prior authorization issued by the carrier for a drug regardless of whether the drug is removed from the carrier's prescription drug formulary after the initial prescription for that drug is issued, provided that the drug and prescription are consistent with the applicable provisions of subdivision 13.
C. The Commission shall have no jurisdiction to adjudicate individual controversies arising out of this section.
D. This section shall apply with respect to any contract between a carrier and a participating health care provider, or its contracting agent, that is entered into, amended, extended, or renewed on or after January 1, 2016.
E. Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, the provisions of this section shall not apply to:
1. Coverages issued pursuant to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §1395 et seq. (Medicare), Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §1396 et seq. (Medicaid), Title XXI of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §1397aa et seq. (CHIP), 5 U.S.C. §8901 et seq. (federal employees), or 10 U.S.C. §1071 et seq. (TRICARE);
2. The state employee health insurance plan established
pursuant to §2.2-2818; 3. 2. Accident only, credit or disability
insurance, long-term care insurance, TRICARE supplement, Medicare supplement,
or workers' compensation coverages; 4. 3. Any dental services plan or optometric
services plan as defined in §38.2-4501; or 5. 4. Any health maintenance organization that
(i) contracts with one multispecialty group of physicians who are employed by
and are shareholders of the multispecialty group, which multispecialty group of
physicians may also contract with health care providers in the community; (ii)
provides and arranges for the provision of physician services by such
multispecialty group physicians or by such contracted health care providers in
the community; and (iii) receives and processes at least 85 percent of
prescription drug prior authorization requests in a manner that is
interoperable with e-prescribing systems, electronic health records, and health
information exchange platforms.