Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That §§2.2-5211 and 2.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia are amended and reenacted as follows:
§2.2-5211. State pool of funds for community policy and management teams.
A. There is established a state pool of funds to be allocated to community policy and management teams in accordance with the appropriation act and appropriate state regulations. These funds, as made available by the General Assembly, shall be expended for public or private nonresidential or residential services for troubled youths and families.
The purposes of this system of funding are to:
1. Place authority for making program and funding decisions at the community level;
2. Consolidate categorical agency funding and institute community responsibility for the provision of services;
3. Provide greater flexibility in the use of funds to purchase services based on the strengths and needs of children, youths, and families; and
4. Reduce disparity in accessing services and
inadvertent fiscal incentives for serving children and youth according to
differing required local match rates for funding streams.
B. The state pool shall consist of funds that serve the target
populations identified in subdivisions 1 through
5 of this subsection
7 in the purchase of residential and nonresidential services for children
and youth. References to funding sources and current placement authority for
the targeted populations of children and youth are for the purpose of
accounting for the funds in the pool. It is not intended that children and
youth be categorized by individual funding streams in order to access services.
The target population shall be the following:
1. Children and youth placed for purposes of special education
in approved private school educational programs
, that are licensed by
the Department of Education or an equivalent out-of-state licensing agency and
previously funded by the Department of Education through private tuition
assistance, or those placed for purposes of special education in approved
public school educational programs;
2. Children and youth with disabilities placed by local social services agencies or the Department of Juvenile Justice in private residential facilities or across jurisdictional lines in private, special education day schools, if the individualized education program indicates such school is the appropriate placement while living in foster homes or child-caring facilities, previously funded by the Department of Education through the Interagency Assistance Fund for Noneducational Placements of Handicapped Children;
3. Children and youth for whom foster care services, as defined by §63.2-905, are being provided;
4. Children and youth placed by a juvenile and domestic
relations district court, in accordance with the provisions of §16.1-286, in a
private or locally operated public facility or nonresidential program, or in a
community or facility-based treatment program in accordance with the provisions
of subsections B or C of §16.1-284.1;
5. Children and youth committed to the Department of Juvenile Justice and placed by it in a private home or in a public or private facility in accordance with §66-14;
6. Children and youth previously placed pursuant to subdivision 1 in approved private school educational programs for at least six months who will receive transition services in a public school setting. State pool funds shall be allocated for no longer than 12 months for transition services. Local agencies may contract with a private school educational program provider to provide transition services in the public school; and
7. Children and youth who have transitioned from a private school educational program to a public school setting, who will receive ongoing services and supports identified during the transitional period as necessary for the child to be successful in the public school. The costs for such services delivered in the public school shall not exceed the cost expended on a placement in a private school educational program.
C. The General Assembly and the governing body of each county
and city shall annually appropriate such sums of money as shall be sufficient
to (i) provide special education services and foster care services for children
and youth identified in subdivisions B 1,
B 2, and B 3, 6, and
7 and (ii) meet relevant federal mandates for the provision of these
services. The community policy and management team shall anticipate to the best
of its ability the number of children and youth for whom such services will be
required and reserve funds from its state pool allocation to meet these needs.
Nothing in this section prohibits local governments from requiring parental or
legal financial contributions, where not specifically prohibited by federal or
state law or regulation, utilizing a standard sliding fee scale based upon
ability to pay, as provided in the appropriation act.
D. When a community services board established pursuant to § 37.2-501, local school division, local social service agency, court service unit, or the Department of Juvenile Justice has referred a child and family to a family assessment and planning team and that team has recommended the proper level of treatment and services needed by that child and family and has determined the child's eligibility for funding for services through the state pool of funds, then the community services board, the local school division, local social services agency, court service unit, or Department of Juvenile Justice has met its fiscal responsibility for that child for the services funded through the pool. However, the community services board, the local school division, local social services agency, court service unit, or Department of Juvenile Justice shall continue to be responsible for providing services identified in individual family service plans that are within the agency's scope of responsibility and that are funded separately from the state pool.
Further, in any instance that an individual 18 through 21 years of age, inclusive, who is eligible for funding from the state pool and is properly defined as a school-aged child with disabilities pursuant to § 22.1-213 is placed by a local social services agency that has custody across jurisdictional lines in a group home in the Commonwealth and the individual's individualized education program (IEP), as prepared by the placing jurisdiction, indicates that a private day school placement is the appropriate educational program for such individual, the financial and legal responsibility for the individual's special education services and IEP shall remain, in compliance with the provisions of federal law, Article 2 (§22.1-213) of Chapter 13 of Title 22.1, and Board of Education regulations, the responsibility of the placing jurisdiction until the individual reaches the age of 21, inclusive, or is no longer eligible for special education services. The financial and legal responsibility for such special education services shall remain with the placing jurisdiction, unless the placing jurisdiction has transitioned all appropriate services with the individual.
E. In any matter properly before a court for which state pool funds are to be accessed, the court shall, prior to final disposition, and pursuant to §§2.2-5209 and 2.2-5212, refer the matter to the community policy and management team for assessment by a local family assessment and planning team authorized by policies of the community policy and management team for assessment to determine the recommended level of treatment and services needed by the child and family. The family assessment and planning team making the assessment shall make a report of the case or forward a copy of the individual family services plan to the court within 30 days of the court's written referral to the community policy and management team. The court shall consider the recommendations of the family assessment and planning team and the community policy and management team. If, prior to a final disposition by the court, the court is requested to consider a level of service not identified or recommended in the report submitted by the family assessment and planning team, the court shall request the community policy and management team to submit a second report characterizing comparable levels of service to the requested level of service. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the court may make any disposition as is authorized or required by law. Services ordered pursuant to a disposition rendered by the court pursuant to this section shall qualify for funding as appropriated under this section.
F. As used in this section, "transition services" includes adequate staffing to meet the needs of the children, training or professional development to support students with significant disabilities or intensive support needs, an environment that is specific to the child, and individualized programming for the child, such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, behavioral health services, and applied behavior analysis or other services necessary for such transition over the 12-month period as identified in the child's individualized education program.
§2.2-5212. Eligibility for state pool of funds.
A. In order to be eligible for funding for services through the state pool of funds, a youth, or family with a child, shall meet one or more of the criteria specified in subdivisions 1 through 4 and shall be determined through the use of a uniform assessment instrument and process and by policies of the community policy and management team to have access to these funds.
1. The child or youth has emotional or behavior problems that:
a. Have persisted over a significant period of time or, though only in evidence for a short period of time, are of such a critical nature that intervention is warranted;
b. Are significantly disabling and are present in several community settings, such as at home, in school, or with peers; and
c. Require services or resources that are unavailable or inaccessible, or that are beyond the normal agency services or routine collaborative processes across agencies, or require coordinated interventions by at least two agencies.
2. The child or youth has emotional or behavior problems, or both, and currently is in, or is at imminent risk of entering, purchased residential care. In addition, the child or youth requires services or resources that are beyond normal agency services or routine collaborative processes across agencies, and requires coordinated services by at least two agencies.
3. The child or youth requires placement for purposes of special education in approved private school educational programs, for transition services as set forth in subdivision B 6 of §2.2-5211, or for ongoing services and support identified during the transitional period as necessary for the child to be successful in the public school.
4. The child or youth requires foster care services as defined in §63.2-905.
B. For purposes of determining eligibility for the state pool of funds, "child" or "youth" means (i) a person younger than 18 years of age or (ii) any individual through 21 years of age who is otherwise eligible for mandated services of the participating state agencies including special education and foster care services.
2. That the Secretary of Education, in conjunction with the Office of Children's Services and the Department of Education, shall establish a work group (the Work Group) with appropriate stakeholders to develop a detailed plan to direct the transfer of Children's Services Act funds currently reserved for children requiring an educational placement in a private special education day school or residential facility to the Department of Education. Work Group stakeholders shall include representatives of the Department of Education; the Office of Children's Services; at least three private special education day school service providers, including at least one director of a private special education day school; local school districts, including at least one local Special Education Director; local governments; licensed behavioral analyst service providers; and organizations engaged in advocacy for the autism community. The Work Group shall also include at least one parent of a child with an individualized education program currently enrolled in a private special education day program and may include up to two legislative members, including the legislative members of the Children's Services Act State Executive Council, with such legislative members requesting the Secretary of Education for an opportunity to participate. The Work Group's plan shall include details on how to administer the transferred funding so that it (i) ensures funds for services for students with the most severe disabilities who are at risk of being placed in an out-of-school placement or are in an out-of-school placement, (ii) is equally accessible to all school divisions, and (iii) minimizes the fiscal impact of the new funding policy on localities. This plan shall further include the development of a standardized reporting process, template, and reporting requirement for private special education day school tuition rates to ensure that tuition rates can be accurately compared across schools and over time. Such plan shall also offer a review and analysis of different models of delivering special education and private day school services, including a review of specialty regional schools, in-school delivery of services by private special education program providers, and in-school delivery of services by the school division. This plan and further recommendations shall be submitted to the Chairmen of the House Committee on Appropriations and Senate Committee on Finance and Appropriations by November 1, 2021, and shall include draft legislation and amendments to the general appropriation act that would allow the General Assembly to accomplish the plan's recommendations.
3. That the Department of Education (the Department) and the relevant local school boards shall develop and implement a pilot program for up to four years in two to eight local school divisions in the Commonwealth. In developing the pilot program, the Department shall partner with the appropriate school board employees in each such local school division to (i) identify the resources, services, and supports required by each student who resides in each such local school division and who is educated in a private school setting pursuant to his Individualized Education Program; (ii) study the feasibility of transitioning each such student from his private school setting to the least restrictive public school setting in the local school division as determined by his individualized education program team and providing the identified resources, services, and supports in such public school setting; and (iii) recommend a process for redirecting federal, state, and local funds, including funds provided pursuant to the Children's Services Act (§2.2-5200 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), provided for the education of each such student to the local school division for the purpose of providing the identified resources, services, and supports in the appropriate public school setting. The Department of Education shall report to the Governor, the Senate Committees on Education and Health and Finance and Appropriations, and the House Committees on Education and Appropriations on the findings of each pilot program after two and four years. Each report shall include (a) the number of children enrolled in the pilot program during the period of the report; (b) each school division's costs by year with the sources of funding identified; (c) the aggregate diagnosis of the children enrolled in the pilot program; (d) the successes or failures of the programs to meet the children's Individualized Education Programs; and (e) a description of the challenges encountered during the pilot program, with steps taken to overcome each challenge.