Bill Text: VA HB1290 | 2020 | Regular Session | Enrolled


Bill Title: Pharmacy benefits managers; licensure and regulation.

Spectrum: Bipartisan Bill

Status: (Passed) 2020-03-10 - Governor: Approved by Governor-Chapter 219 (effective - see bill) [HB1290 Detail]

Download: Virginia-2020-HB1290-Enrolled.html

VIRGINIA ACTS OF ASSEMBLY -- CHAPTER
An Act to amend and reenact §§38.2-4214 and 38.2-4319 of the Code of Virginia and to amend the Code of Virginia by adding in Chapter 34 of Title 38.2 an article numbered 9, consisting of sections numbered 38.2-3465 through 38.2-3470, relating to licensure of pharmacy benefits managers.
[H 1290]
Approved

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:

1. That §§38.2-4214 and 38.2-4319 of the Code of Virginal are amended and reenacted and the Code of Virginia is amended by adding in Chapter 34 of Title 38.2 an article numbered 9, consisting of sections numbered 38.2-3465 through 38.2-3470, as follows:

Article 9.
Pharmacy Benefits Managers.

§38.2-3465. Definitions.

A. As used in this article, unless the context requires a different meaning:

"Carrier" has the same meaning ascribed thereto in subsection A of §38.2-3407.15. However, "carrier" does not include a nonprofit health maintenance organization that operates as a group model whose internal pharmacy operation exclusively serves the members or patients of the nonprofit health maintenance organization.

"Claim" means a request from a pharmacy or pharmacist to be reimbursed for the cost of administering, filling, or refilling a prescription for a drug or for providing a medical supply or device.

"Claims processing services" means the administrative services performed in connection with the processing and adjudicating of claims relating to pharmacist services that include (i) receiving payments for pharmacist services, (ii) making payments to pharmacists or pharmacies for pharmacist services, or (iii) both receiving and making payments.

"Covered individual" means an individual receiving prescription medication coverage or reimbursement provided by a pharmacy benefits manager or a carrier under a health benefit plan.

"Health benefit plan" has the same meaning ascribed thereto in §38.2-3438.

"Mail order pharmacy" means a pharmacy whose primary business is to receive prescriptions by mail or through electronic submissions and to dispense medication to covered individuals through the use of the United States mail or other common or contract carrier services and that provides any consultation with covered individuals electronically rather than face-to-face.

"Pharmacy benefits management" means the administration or management of prescription drug benefits provided by a carrier for the benefit of covered individuals. "Pharmacy benefits management" does not include any service provided by a nonprofit health maintenance organization that operates as a group model provided that the service is furnished through the internal pharmacy operation exclusively serves the members or patients of the nonprofit health maintenance organization.

"Pharmacy benefits manager" or "PBM" means an entity that performs pharmacy benefits management. "Pharmacy benefits manager" includes an entity acting for a PBM in a contractual relationship in the performance of pharmacy benefits management for a carrier, nonprofit hospital, or third-party payor under a health program administered by the Commonwealth.

"Pharmacy benefits manager affiliate" means a business, pharmacy, or pharmacist that directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, owns or controls, is owned or controlled by, or is under common ownership interest or control with a pharmacy benefits manager.

"Rebate" means a discount or other price concession, including without limitation incentives, disbursements, and reasonable estimates of a volume-based discount, or a payment that is (i) based on utilization of a prescription drug and (ii) paid by a manufacturer or third party, directly or indirectly, to a pharmacy benefits manager, pharmacy services administrative organization, or pharmacy after a claim has been processed and paid at a pharmacy.

"Retail community pharmacy" means a pharmacy that is open to the public, serves walk-in customers, and makes available face-to-face consultations between licensed pharmacists and persons to whom medications are dispensed.

"Spread pricing" means the model of prescription drug pricing in which the pharmacy benefits manager charges a health benefit plan a contracted price for prescription drugs, and the contracted price for the prescription drugs differs from the amount the pharmacy benefits manager directly or indirectly pays the pharmacist or pharmacy for pharmacist services.

§38.2-3466. License required to provide pharmacy benefits management services; requirements for a license, renewal, and revocation or suspension.

A. Unless otherwise covered by a license as a carrier, no person shall provide pharmacy benefits management services or otherwise act as a pharmacy benefits manager in the Commonwealth without first obtaining a license in a manner and in a form prescribed by the Commission.

B. Each applicant for a license as a pharmacy benefits manager shall make application to the Commission, in the form and containing the information listed in subsection C and any other information the Commission prescribes. The Commission may require any documents reasonably necessary to verify the information contained in an application. Each applicant shall, at the time of applying for a license, pay a nonrefundable application processing fee in an amount and in a manner prescribed by the Commission. The fee shall be collected by the Commission and paid directly into the state treasury and credited to the "Bureau of Insurance Special Fund - State Corporation Commission" for the maintenance of the Bureau of Insurance as provided in subsection B of §38.2-400.

C. An applicant for a license as a pharmacy benefits manager shall provide the Commission the following information:

1. The name, address, and telephone contact number of the pharmacy benefits manager;

2. The name and address of each person with management or control over the pharmacy benefits manager;

3. The name and address of each person with a beneficial ownership interest in the pharmacy benefits manager; and

4. If the pharmacy benefits manager registrant (i) is a partnership or other unincorporated association, a limited liability company, or a corporation and (ii) has five or more partners, members, or stockholders, the registrant shall specify its legal structure and the total number of its partners, members, or stockholders who, directly or indirectly, own, control, hold with the power to vote, or hold proxies representing 10 percent or more of the voting securities of any other person.

D. An applicant shall provide the Commissioner with a signed statement indicating that, to the best of its knowledge, no officer with management or control of the pharmacy benefits manager has been convicted of a felony or has violated any of the requirements of state law applicable to pharmacy benefits managers, or, if the applicant cannot provide such a statement, a signed statement describing the relevant conviction or violation.

E. Except where prohibited by state or federal law, by submitting an application for a license, the applicant shall be deemed to have appointed the clerk of the Commission as the agent for service of process on the applicant in any action or proceeding arising in the Commonwealth out of or in connection with the exercise of the license. Such appointment of the clerk of the Commission as agent for service of process shall be irrevocable during the period within which a cause of action against the applicant may arise out of transactions with respect to subjects of pharmacy benefits management in the Commonwealth. Service of process on the clerk of the Commission shall conform to the provisions of Chapter 8 (§38.2-800 et seq.).

F. Each applicant that has complied with the provisions of this article and Commission regulations is entitled to and shall receive a license in the form the Commission prescribes.

G. Each pharmacy benefits manager shall renew its license annually and shall, at the time of renewal, pay a renewal fee in an amount and in a manner prescribed by the Commission. The fee shall be collected by the Commission and paid directly into the state treasury and credited to the "Bureau of Insurance Special Fund - State Corporation Commission" for the maintenance of the Bureau of Insurance as provided in subsection B of § 38.2-400.

H. The Commission may refuse to issue or renew a license or may revoke or suspend a license if it finds that the applicant or license holder has not complied with the provisions of this article or Commission regulations.

§38.2-3467. Prohibited conduct by carriers and pharmacy benefits managers.

A. No carrier on its own or through its contracted pharmacy benefits manager or representative of a pharmacy benefits manager shall:

1. Cause or knowingly permit the use of any advertisement, promotion, solicitation, representation, proposal, or offer that is untrue;

2. Charge a pharmacist or pharmacy a fee related to the adjudication of a claim other than a reasonable fee for an initial claim submission;

3. Reimburse a pharmacy or pharmacist an amount less than the amount that the pharmacy benefits manager reimburses a pharmacy benefits manager affiliate for providing the same pharmacist services, calculated on a per-unit basis using the same generic product identifier or generic code number and reflecting all drug manufacturer's rebates, direct and indirect administrative fees, and costs and any remuneration; or

4. Penalize or retaliate against a pharmacist or pharmacy for exercising rights provided pursuant to the provisions of this article.

B. No carrier, on its own or through its contracted pharmacy benefits manager or representative of a pharmacy benefits manager, shall restrict participation of a pharmacy in a pharmacy network for provider accreditation standards or certification requirements if a pharmacist meets such accreditation standards or certification standards.

C. No carrier, on its own or through its contracted pharmacy benefits manager or representative of a pharmacy benefits manager, shall include any mail order pharmacy or pharmacy benefits manager affiliate in calculating or determining network adequacy under any law or contract in the Commonwealth.

D. No carrier, on its own or through its contracted pharmacy benefits manager or representative of a pharmacy benefits manager, shall conduct spread pricing in the Commonwealth.

E. Each carrier on its own or through its contracted pharmacy benefits manager or representative of a pharmacy benefits manager shall comply with the provisions of this section in addition to complying with the provisions of §38.2-3407.15:1.

§38.2-3468. Examination of books and records; reports; access to records.

A. Each carrier, on its own or through its contract for pharmacy benefits, shall ensure that the Commissioner may examine or audit the books and records of a pharmacy benefits manager providing claims processing services or other prescription drug or device services for a carrier that are relevant to determining if the pharmacy benefits manager is in compliance with this article. The carrier shall be responsible for the charges incurred in the examination, including the expenses of the Commissioner or his designee and the expenses and compensation of his examiners and assistants.

B. Any carrier, on its own or through its contract for pharmacy benefits, shall report to the Commissioner on a quarterly basis for each health benefit plan the following information:

1. The aggregate amount of rebates received by the pharmacy benefits manager;

2. The aggregate amount of rebates distributed to the appropriate health benefit plan;

3. The aggregate amount of rebates passed on to the enrollees of each health benefit plan at the point of sale that reduced the enrollees' applicable deductible, copayment, coinsurance, or other cost-sharing amount;

4. Upon the request of the Commission, the individual and aggregate amount paid by the health benefit plan to the pharmacy benefits manager for services itemized by pharmacy, by product, and by goods and services; and

5. Upon the request of the Commission, the individual and aggregate amount a pharmacy benefits manager paid for services itemized by pharmacy, by product, and by goods and services.

C. All working papers, documents, reports, and copies thereof, produced by, obtained by or disclosed to the Commission or any other person in the course of an examination made under this article and any analysis of such information or documents shall be given confidential treatment, are not subject to subpoena, and may not be made public by the Commission or any other person. Access may also be granted to (i) a regulatory official of any state or country; (ii) the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), its affiliate, or its subsidiary; or (iii) a law-enforcement authority of any state or country, provided that those officials are required under their law to maintain its confidentiality. Any such disclosure by the Commission shall not constitute a waiver of confidentiality of such papers, documents, reports or copies thereof. Any parties receiving such papers must agree in writing prior to receiving the information to provide to it the same confidential treatment as required by this section.

§38.2-3469. Enforcement; regulations.

A. The Commission shall enforce this article.

B. Pursuant to the authority granted by §38.2-223, the Commission may promulgate such rules and regulations as it may deem necessary to implement this article.

§38.2-3470. Scope of article.

This article shall not apply with respect to claims under (i) an employee welfare benefit plan as defined in section 3 (1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. §1002(1), that is self-insured or self-funded; (ii) coverages issued pursuant to Title XIX of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §1396 et seq. (Medicaid); or (iii) prescription drug coverages issued pursuant to Part D of Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §1395 et seq. (Medicare Part D).

§38.2-4214. Application of certain provisions of law.

No provision of this title except this chapter and, insofar as they are not inconsistent with this chapter, §§38.2-200, 38.2-203, 38.2-209 through 38.2-213, 38.2-218 through 38.2-225, 38.2-230, 38.2-232, 38.2-305, 38.2-316, 38.2-316.1, 38.2-322, 38.2-325, 38.2-326, 38.2-400, 38.2-402 through 38.2-413, 38.2-500 through 38.2-515, 38.2-600 through 38.2-620, 38.2-700 through 38.2-705, 38.2-900 through 38.2-904, 38.2-1017, 38.2-1018, 38.2-1038, 38.2-1040 through 38.2-1044, Articles 1 (§38.2-1300 et seq.) and 2 (§ 38.2-1306.2 et seq.) of Chapter 13, §§38.2-1312, 38.2-1314, 38.2-1315.1, 38.2-1317 through 38.2-1328, 38.2-1334, 38.2-1340, 38.2-1400 through 38.2-1442, 38.2-1446, 38.2-1447, 38.2-1800 through 38.2-1836, 38.2-3400, 38.2-3401, 38.2-3404, 38.2-3405, 38.2-3405.1, 38.2-3406.1, 38.2-3406.2, 38.2-3407.1 through 38.2-3407.6:1, 38.2-3407.9 through 38.2-3407.20, 38.2-3409, 38.2-3411 through 38.2-3419.1, 38.2-3430.1 through 38.2-3454, Article Articles 8 (§ 38.2-3461 et seq.) and 9 (§38.2-3465 et seq.) of Chapter 34, §§ 38.2-3501, and 38.2-3502, subdivision 13 of §38.2-3503, subdivision 8 of §38.2-3504, §§38.2-3514.1, 38.2-3514.2, §§38.2-3516 through 38.2-3520 as they apply to Medicare supplement policies, §§38.2-3522.1 through 38.2-3523.4, 38.2-3525, 38.2-3540.1, 38.2-3541 through 38.2-3542, 38.2-3543.2, Article 5 (§38.2-3551 et seq.) of Chapter 35, Chapter 35.1 (§38.2-3556 et seq.), §§38.2-3600 through 38.2-3607, Chapter 52 (§38.2-5200 et seq.), Chapter 55 (§38.2-5500 et seq.), and Chapter 58 (§38.2-5800 et seq.) of this title shall apply to the operation of a plan.

§38.2-4319. Statutory construction and relationship to other laws.

A. No provisions of this title except this chapter and, insofar as they are not inconsistent with this chapter, §§38.2-100, 38.2-136, 38.2-200, 38.2-203, 38.2-209 through 38.2-213, 38.2-216, 38.2-218 through 38.2-225, 38.2-229, 38.2-232, 38.2-305, 38.2-316, 38.2-316.1, 38.2-322, 38.2-325, 38.2-326, 38.2-400, 38.2-402 through 38.2-413, 38.2-500 through 38.2-515, 38.2-600 through 38.2-620, Chapter 9 (§38.2-900 et seq.), §§38.2-1016.1 through 38.2-1023, 38.2-1057, 38.2-1306.1, Article 2 (§38.2-1306.2 et seq.), § 38.2-1315.1, Articles 3.1 (§38.2-1316.1 et seq.), 4 (§38.2-1317 et seq.), 5 (§38.2-1322 et seq.), 5.1 (§38.2-1334.3 et seq.), and 5.2 (§38.2-1334.11 et seq.) of Chapter 13, Articles 1 (§38.2-1400 et seq.), 2 (§38.2-1412 et seq.), and 4 (§38.2-1446 et seq. ) of Chapter 14, Chapter 15 (§38.2-1500 et seq.), Chapter 17 (§38.2-1700 et seq.), §§38.2-1800 through 38.2-1836, 38.2-3401, 38.2-3405, 38.2-3405.1, 38.2-3406.1, 38.2-3407.2 through 38.2-3407.6:1, 38.2-3407.9 through 38.2-3407.20, 38.2-3411, 38.2-3411.2, 38.2-3411.3, 38.2-3411.4, 38.2-3412.1, 38.2-3414.1, 38.2-3418.1 through 38.2-3418.17, 38.2-3419.1, 38.2-3430.1 through 38.2-3454, Article Articles 8 (§ 38.2-3461 et seq.) and 9 (§38.2-3465 et seq.) of Chapter 34, § 38.2-3500, subdivision 13 of §38.2-3503, subdivision 8 of §38.2-3504, §§ 38.2-3514.1, 38.2-3514.2, 38.2-3522.1 through 38.2-3523.4, 38.2-3525, 38.2-3540.1, 38.2-3540.2, 38.2-3541.2, 38.2-3542, 38.2-3543.2, Article 5 (§ 38.2-3551 et seq.) of Chapter 35, Chapter 35.1 (§38.2-3556 et seq.), Chapter 52 (§38.2-5200 et seq.), Chapter 55 (§38.2-5500 et seq.), and Chapter 58 (§38.2-5800 et seq.) shall be applicable to any health maintenance organization granted a license under this chapter. This chapter shall not apply to an insurer or health services plan licensed and regulated in conformance with the insurance laws or Chapter 42 (§38.2-4200 et seq.) except with respect to the activities of its health maintenance organization.

B. For plans administered by the Department of Medical Assistance Services that provide benefits pursuant to Title XIX or Title XXI of the Social Security Act, as amended, no provisions of this title except this chapter and, insofar as they are not inconsistent with this chapter, §§ 38.2-100, 38.2-136, 38.2-200, 38.2-203, 38.2-209 through 38.2-213, 38.2-216, 38.2-218 through 38.2-225, 38.2-229, 38.2-232, 38.2-322, 38.2-325, 38.2-400, 38.2-402 through 38.2-413, 38.2-500 through 38.2-515, 38.2-600 through 38.2-620, Chapter 9 (§38.2-900 et seq.), §§38.2-1016.1 through 38.2-1023, 38.2-1057, 38.2-1306.1, Article 2 (§38.2-1306.2 et seq.), §38.2-1315.1, Articles 3.1 (§38.2-1316.1 et seq.), 4 (§38.2-1317 et seq.), 5 (§38.2-1322 et seq.), 5.1 (§38.2-1334.3 et seq.), and 5.2 (§38.2-1334.11 et seq.) of Chapter 13, Articles 1 (§38.2-1400 et seq.), 2 (§38.2-1412 et seq.), and 4 (§ 38.2-1446 et seq.) of Chapter 14, §§38.2-3401, 38.2-3405, 38.2-3407.2 through 38.2-3407.5, 38.2-3407.6, 38.2-3407.6:1, 38.2-3407.9, 38.2-3407.9:01, and 38.2-3407.9:02, subdivisions F 1, F 2, and F 3 of §38.2-3407.10, §§ 38.2-3407.11, 38.2-3407.11:3, 38.2-3407.13, 38.2-3407.13:1, 38.2-3407.14, 38.2-3411.2, 38.2-3418.1, 38.2-3418.2, 38.2-3419.1, 38.2-3430.1 through 38.2-3437, 38.2-3500, subdivision 13 of §38.2-3503, subdivision 8 of § 38.2-3504, §§38.2-3514.1, 38.2-3514.2, 38.2-3522.1 through 38.2-3523.4, 38.2-3525, 38.2-3540.1, 38.2-3540.2, 38.2-3541.2, 38.2-3542, 38.2-3543.2, Chapter 52 (§38.2-5200 et seq.), Chapter 55 (§38.2-5500 et seq.), and Chapter 58 (§38.2-5800 et seq.) shall be applicable to any health maintenance organization granted a license under this chapter. This chapter shall not apply to an insurer or health services plan licensed and regulated in conformance with the insurance laws or Chapter 42 (§38.2-4200 et seq.) except with respect to the activities of its health maintenance organization.

C. Solicitation of enrollees by a licensed health maintenance organization or by its representatives shall not be construed to violate any provisions of law relating to solicitation or advertising by health professionals.

D. A licensed health maintenance organization shall not be deemed to be engaged in the unlawful practice of medicine. All health care providers associated with a health maintenance organization shall be subject to all provisions of law.

E. Notwithstanding the definition of an eligible employee as set forth in §38.2-3431, a health maintenance organization providing health care plans pursuant to §38.2-3431 shall not be required to offer coverage to or accept applications from an employee who does not reside within the health maintenance organization's service area.

F. For purposes of applying this section, "insurer" when used in a section cited in subsections A and B shall be construed to mean and include "health maintenance organizations" unless the section cited clearly applies to health maintenance organizations without such construction.

2. That the provisions of the first enactment of this act shall become effective on October 1, 2020, except that the provisions of the first enactment that apply to contracts between a carrier and a pharmacy benefits manager shall apply to all such contracts delivered, renewed, reissued, or extended on or after October 1, 2020, and to all such contracts to which a term is changed on or after such date.

3. That the State Corporation Commission shall establish a procedure, to be in effect by August 1, 2020, for any pharmacy benefits manager to apply for licensure, prior to October 1, 2020, for a license to be issued on or after October 1, 2020, pursuant to §38.2-3466 of the Code of Virginia, as created by the first enactment of this act.

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