US HB4 | 2021-2022 | 117th Congress

Status

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 223-1)
Status: Engrossed on September 14 2021 - 50% progression
Action: 2021-09-14 - Received in the Senate.
Text: Latest bill text (Engrossed) [PDF]

Summary

Establishes new criteria for determining which states and political subdivisions must obtain preclearance before changes to voting practices may take effect. Preclearance is the process of receiving preapproval from the Department of Justice (DOJ) or the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia before making legal changes that would affect voting rights. A state and all of its political subdivisions shall be subject to preclearance of voting practice changes for a 10-year period if 15 or more voting rights violations occurred in the state during the previous 25 years; 10 or more violations occurred during the previous 25 years, at least 1 of which was committed by the state itself; or 3 or more violations occurred during the previous 25 years and the state administers the elections. A political subdivision as a separate unit shall also be subject to preclearance for a 10-year period if three or more voting rights violations occurred there during the previous 25 years. States and political subdivisions that meet certain thresholds regarding minority groups must preclear covered practices before implementation, such as changes to methods of election and redistricting. Further, states and political subdivisions must notify the public of changes to voting practices. Next, the bill authorizes DOJ to require states or political subdivisions to provide certain documents or answers to questions for enforcing voting rights. The bill also outlines factors courts must consider when hearing challenges to voting practices, such as the extent of any history of official voting discrimination in the state or political subdivision.

Tracking Information

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Title

John R. Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act of 2021

Sponsors

Rep. Terri Sewell [D-AL]Rep. Nancy Pelosi [D-CA]Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD]Rep. James Clyburn [D-SC]
Rep. Jerrold Nadler [D-NY]Rep. Steve Cohen [D-TN]Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA]Rep. G. Butterfield [D-NC]
Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH]Rep. Raul Ruiz [D-CA]Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA]Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee [D-TX]
Rep. Henry Johnson [D-GA]Rep. Theodore Deutch [D-FL]Rep. Karen Bass [D-CA]Rep. Hakeem Jeffries [D-NY]
Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI]Rep. Eric Swalwell [D-CA]Rep. Ted Lieu [D-CA]Rep. Jamie Raskin [D-MD]
Rep. Pramila Jayapal [D-WA]Rep. Val Demings [D-FL]Rep. Luis Correa [D-CA]Rep. Mary Gay Scanlon [D-PA]
Rep. Sylvia Garcia [D-TX]Rep. Joseph Neguse [D-CO]Rep. Lucy McBath [D-GA]Rep. Greg Stanton [D-AZ]
Rep. Madeleine Dean [D-PA]Rep. Veronica Escobar [D-TX]Rep. Mondaire Jones [D-NY]Rep. Deborah Ross [D-NC]
Rep. Cori Bush [D-MO]Rep. Alma Adams [D-NC]Rep. Pete Aguilar [D-CA]Rep. Colin Allred [D-TX]
Rep. Jake Auchincloss [D-MA]Rep. Cindy Axne [D-IA]Rep. Ami Bera [D-CA]Rep. Sanford Bishop [D-GA]
Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR]Rep. Suzanne Bonamici [D-OR]Rep. Carolyn Bourdeaux [D-GA]Rep. Jamaal Bowman [D-NY]
Rep. Brendan Boyle [D-PA]Rep. Anthony Brown [D-MD]Rep. Julia Brownley [D-CA]Rep. Salud Carbajal [D-CA]
Rep. Tony Cardenas [D-CA]Rep. Andre Carson [D-IN]Rep. Troy Carter [D-LA]Rep. Sean Casten [D-IL]
Rep. Kathy Castor [D-FL]Rep. Joaquin Castro [D-TX]Rep. Katherine Clark [D-MA]Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY]
Rep. Emanuel Cleaver [D-MO]Rep. Jim Cooper [D-TN]Rep. Jim Costa [D-CA]Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT]
Rep. Angela Craig [D-MN]Rep. Charlie Crist [D-FL]Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL]Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR]
Rep. Diana DeGette [D-CO]Rep. Suzan DelBene [D-WA]Rep. Antonio Delgado [D-NY]Rep. Mark DeSaulnier [D-CA]
Rep. Debbie Dingell [D-MI]Rep. Anna Eshoo [D-CA]Rep. Adriano Espaillat [D-NY]Rep. Dwight Evans [D-PA]
Rep. Elizabeth Fletcher [D-TX]Rep. Bill Foster [D-IL]Rep. Ruben Gallego [D-AZ]Rep. John Garamendi [D-CA]
Rep. Josh Gottheimer [D-NJ]Rep. Al Green [D-TX]Rep. Raul Grijalva [D-AZ]Rep. Jahana Hayes [D-CT]
Rep. James Himes [D-CT]Rep. Steven Horsford [D-NV]Rep. Chrissy Houlahan [D-PA]Rep. Jared Huffman [D-CA]
Rep. Eddie Johnson [D-TX]Rep. Kaialii Kahele [D-HI]Rep. Daniel Kildee [D-MI]Rep. Derek Kilmer [D-WA]
Rep. Andy Kim [D-NJ]Rep. Ron Kind [D-WI]Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick [D-AZ]Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi [D-IL]
Rep. Ann Kuster [D-NH]Rep. Conor Lamb [D-PA]Rep. James Langevin [D-RI]Rep. Rick Larsen [D-WA]
Rep. John Larson [D-CT]Rep. Brenda Lawrence [D-MI]Rep. Al Lawson [D-FL]Rep. Barbara Lee [D-CA]
Rep. Teresa Fernandez [D-NM]Rep. Mike Levin [D-CA]Rep. Stephen Lynch [D-MA]Rep. Tom Malinowski [D-NJ]
Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY]Rep. Sean Maloney [D-NY]Rep. Kathy Manning [D-NC]Rep. Doris Matsui [D-CA]
Rep. Betty McCollum [D-MN]Rep. Donald McEachin [D-VA]Rep. James McGovern [D-MA]Rep. Jerry McNerney [D-CA]
Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY]Rep. Grace Meng [D-NY]Rep. Kweisi Mfume [D-MD]Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI]
Rep. Joseph Morelle [D-NY]Rep. Seth Moulton [D-MA]Rep. Frank Mrvan [D-IN]Rep. Stephanie Murphy [D-FL]
Rep. Grace Napolitano [D-CA]Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA]Rep. Eleanor Norton [D-DC]Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez [D-NY]
Rep. Ilhan Omar [D-MN]Rep. Frank Pallone [D-NJ]Rep. Jimmy Panetta [D-CA]Rep. Christopher Pappas [D-NH]
Rep. Bill Pascrell [D-NJ]Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ]Rep. Scott Peters [D-CA]Rep. Dean Phillips [D-MN]
Rep. Stacey Plaskett [D-VI]Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI]Rep. Katie Porter [D-CA]Rep. Ayanna Pressley [D-MA]
Rep. David Price [D-NC]Rep. Mike Quigley [D-IL]Rep. Kathleen Rice [D-NY]Rep. Lisa Rochester [D-DE]
Rep. C.A. Ruppersberger [D-MD]Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL]Rep. Linda Sanchez [D-CA]Rep. John Sarbanes [D-MD]
Rep. Janice Schakowsky [D-IL]Rep. Adam Schiff [D-CA]Rep. Bradley Schneider [D-IL]Rep. Kurt Schrader [D-OR]
Rep. Kim Schrier [D-WA]Rep. David Scott [D-GA]Rep. Robert Scott [D-VA]Rep. Brad Sherman [D-CA]
Rep. Rebecca Sherrill [D-NJ]Rep. Albio Sires [D-NJ]Rep. Adam Smith [D-WA]Rep. Abigail Spanberger [D-VA]
Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA]Rep. Melanie Stansbury [D-NM]Rep. Haley Stevens [D-MI]Rep. Marilyn Strickland [D-WA]
Rep. Thomas Suozzi [D-NY]Rep. Mark Takano [D-CA]Rep. Mike Thompson [D-CA]Rep. Dina Titus [D-NV]
Rep. Rashida Tlaib [D-MI]Rep. Norma Torres [D-CA]Rep. Ritchie Torres [D-NY]Rep. David Trone [D-MD]
Rep. Lauren Underwood [D-IL]Rep. Marc Veasey [D-TX]Rep. Filemon Vela [D-TX]Rep. Nydia Velazquez [D-NY]
Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz [D-FL]Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA]Rep. Bonnie Coleman [D-NJ]Rep. Peter Welch [D-VT]
Rep. Susan Wild [D-PA]Rep. Nikema Williams [D-GA]Rep. Frederica Wilson [D-FL]Rep. John Yarmuth [D-KY]
Rep. Ed Case [D-HI]Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH]Rep. Sara Jacobs [D-CA]Rep. Ro Khanna [D-CA]
Rep. Lori Trahan [D-MA]Rep. Juan Vargas [D-CA]Rep. Donald Norcross [D-NJ]Rep. Andy Levin [D-MI]
Rep. Marie Newman [D-IL]Rep. Josh Harder [D-CA]Rep. Jimmy Gomez [D-CA]Rep. Don Beyer [D-VA]
Rep. Cheri Bustos [D-IL]Rep. Matthew Cartwright [D-PA]Rep. Gerald Connolly [D-VA]Rep. Jason Crow [D-CO]
Rep. Henry Cuellar [D-TX]Rep. Sharice Davids [D-KS]Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT]Rep. Michael Doyle [D-PA]
Rep. Lois Frankel [D-FL]Rep. Vicente Gonzalez [D-TX]Rep. William Keating [D-MA]Rep. Robin Kelly [D-IL]
Rep. Suzanne Lee [D-NV]Rep. Elaine Luria [D-VA]Rep. Ed Perlmutter [D-CO]Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME]
Rep. Gregorio Sablan [I-MP]Rep. Michael San Nicolas [D-GU]Rep. Elissa Slotkin [D-MI]Rep. Darren Soto [D-FL]
Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS]Rep. Jennifer Wexton [D-VA]Rep. Paul Tonko [D-NY]Rep. Tom O'Halleran [D-AZ]
Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard [D-CA]Rep. Lloyd Doggett [D-TX]Rep. Nanette Barragan [D-CA]Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH]
Rep. Jesus Garcia [D-IL]Rep. Jared Golden [D-ME]Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY]Rep. Alan Lowenthal [D-CA]

Roll Calls

2021-08-24 - House - On passage (Y: 219 N: 212 NV: 0 Abs: 1) [PASS]
2021-08-24 - House - On motion to recommit (Y: 212 N: 218 NV: 0 Abs: 1) [FAIL]

History

DateChamberAction
2021-09-14SenateReceived in the Senate.
2021-08-24HouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
2021-08-24HouseOn passage Passed by the Yeas and Nays: 219 - 212 (Roll no. 260). (text: CR H4384-4391)
2021-08-24HouseOn motion to recommit Failed by the Yeas and Nays: 212 - 218 (Roll no. 259).
2021-08-24HouseThe previous question on the motion to recommit was ordered pursuant to clause 2(b) of rule XIX.
2021-08-24HouseMr. Davis, Rodney moved to recommit to the Committee on the Judiciary. (text: CR H4413)
2021-08-24HouseThe previous question was ordered pursuant to the rule.
2021-08-24HouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with one hour of debate on H.R. 4.
2021-08-24HouseConsidered under the provisions of rule H. Res. 601. (consideration: CR H4384-4415)
2021-08-24HouseSponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR H4369)
2021-08-17HouseReferred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.
2021-08-17HouseIntroduced in House

Same As/Similar To

HR594 (Related) 2021-08-24 - Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 601, H. Res. 594 is laid on the table.
HR601 (Similar To) 2021-08-24 - Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
HR600 (Related) 2021-08-24 - Pursuant to the provisions of H. Res. 601, H. Res. 600 is laid on the table.
SB4 (Related) 2021-11-03 - Motion by Senator Schumer to reconsider the vote by which cloture on the motion to proceed to S. 4 was not invoked (Record Vote No. 459) entered in Senate.

Subjects


US Congress State Sources


Bill Comments

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