Bill Text: TX SB1775 | 2021-2022 | 87th Legislature | Introduced


Bill Title: Relating to criminal justice.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 1-0)

Status: (Introduced - Dead) 2021-03-26 - Referred to Criminal Justice [SB1775 Detail]

Download: Texas-2021-SB1775-Introduced.html
 
 
  By: Whitmire S.B. No. 1775
 
 
 
   
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
  relating to criminal justice.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
  ARTICLE 1. BAIL AND PRETRIAL RELEASE
         SECTION 1.01.  Article 17.03, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by amending Subsections (a) and (c) and adding Subsection
  (b-2) to read as follows:
         (a)  Except as provided by Subsection (b), [or] (b-1), or
  (b-2), a magistrate may, in the magistrate's discretion, release
  the defendant on personal bond without sureties or other security.
         (b-2)  Notwithstanding any other law, a magistrate shall
  release on personal bond a defendant who is not charged with and has
  not been previously convicted of a violent offense unless the
  magistrate finds good cause to justify not releasing the defendant
  on personal bond.
         (c)  When setting a personal bond under this chapter, on
  reasonable belief by the investigating or arresting law enforcement
  agent or magistrate of the presence of a controlled substance in the
  defendant's body or on the finding of drug or alcohol abuse related
  to the offense for which the defendant is charged, the court or a
  magistrate may [shall] require as a condition of personal bond that
  the defendant submit to testing for alcohol or a controlled
  substance in the defendant's body and participate in an alcohol or
  drug abuse treatment or education program if such a condition will
  serve to reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant for
  trial.
         SECTION 1.02.  Articles 17.033(a), (b), and (c), Code of
  Criminal Procedure, are amended to read as follows:
         (a)  Except as provided by Subsection (c), a person who is
  arrested without a warrant and who is detained in jail must be
  released on personal bond[, in an amount not to exceed $5,000,] not
  later than the 24th hour after the person's arrest if the person was
  arrested for a misdemeanor and a magistrate has not determined
  whether probable cause exists to believe that the person committed
  the offense. [If the person is unable to obtain a surety for the
  bond or unable to deposit money in the amount of the bond, the
  person must be released on personal bond.]
         (b)  Except as provided by Subsection (c), a person who is
  arrested without a warrant and who is detained in jail must be
  released on bond, in an amount not to exceed $5,000 [$10,000], not
  later than the 24th [48th] hour after the person's arrest if the
  person was arrested for a felony and a magistrate has not determined
  whether probable cause exists to believe that the person committed
  the offense. If the person is unable to obtain a surety for the bond
  or unable to deposit money in the amount of the bond, the person
  must be released on personal bond.
         (c)  On the filing of an application by the attorney
  representing the state, a magistrate may postpone the release of a
  person under Subsection (a) or (b) for not more than 48 [72] hours
  after the person's arrest. An application filed under this
  subsection must state the reason a magistrate has not determined
  whether probable cause exists to believe that the person committed
  the offense for which the person was arrested.
         SECTION 1.03.  The change in law made by this article to
  Article 17.03, Code of Criminal Procedure, applies only to a
  personal bond that is executed on or after the effective date of
  this Act. A personal bond executed before the effective date of this
  Act is governed by the law in effect when the personal bond was
  executed, and the former law is continued in effect for that
  purpose.
         SECTION 1.04.  The change in law made by this article to
  Article 17.033, Code of Criminal Procedure, applies only to a
  person who is arrested on or after the effective date of this Act. A
  person arrested before the effective date of this Act is governed by
  the law in effect on the date the person was arrested, and the
  former law is continued in effect for that purpose.
  ARTICLE 2. JAIL STANDARDS
         SECTION 2.01.  Section 511.009(a), Government Code, is
  amended by adding subsection (25) and (26) to read as follows:
               (25)  adopt reasonable rules and procedures
  establishing minimum standards regarding the management of an
  intoxicated prisoner in county jails; and
               (26)  adopt reasonable rules and procedures
  establishing minimum standards regarding the prevention of sexual
  assault, use of force, and intoxicated inmates in county jails.
         SECTION 2.02.  Section 511.020(e), Government Code, is added
  to read as follows:
         (e)  the reports described in this section ought to be broken
  down by gender and race or ethnicity of the prisoner.
         SECTION 2.03.  Not later than September 1, 2021, the
  Commission on Jail Standards shall adopt the rules and procedures
  required by Sections 511.009(a)(25) and (26), Government Code, as
  added by this article. On and after January 1, 2022, a county jail
  shall comply with any rule or procedure adopted by the Commission on
  Jail Standards under those subdivisions.
  ARTICLE 3. MOTOR VEHICLE STOPS, SEARCHES, AND ISSUANCE OF CITATIONS
         SECTION 3.01.  Article 2.13, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by adding Subsection (g) and (h) to read as follows:
         (g)  The officer may not conduct a search based solely on a
  person's consent to the search unless:
               (1)  the officer verbally and in writing informs the
  person of the person's right to refuse the search; and
               (2)  the person signs an acknowledgment that the
  person:
                     (A)  received the information described by
  Subdivision (1); and
                     (B)  consents to the search.
         (h)  The officer may not make a stop for an alleged violation
  of a traffic law or ordinance as a pretext for investigating a
  violation of another penal law.
         SECTION 3.02.  Article 2.133, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by amending Subsection (c) and adding (d) to read as
  follows:
         (c)  The chief administrator of a law enforcement agency,
  regardless of whether the administrator is elected, employed, or
  appointed, is responsible for auditing reports under Subsection (b)
  to ensure that they are complete and accuratethe race or ethnicity
  of the person operating the motor vehicle is being reported.
         (d)  The information in the report referenced in subsection
  (b)(2-9) shall be broken down by the categorize in(b)(1).
         SECTION 3.03.  Article 2.134(f), Code of Criminal Procedure,
  is amended to read as follows:
         (f)  The data collected as a result of the reporting
  requirements of this article shall not constitute prima facie
  evidence of racial profiling but is admissible in a court of law.
         SECTION 3.04.  Chapter 2, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by adding Article 2.135 to read as follows:
         Art. 2.135.  MOTOR VEHICLE STOP INVESTIGATIONS. (a) In this
  article, "law enforcement agency" and "motor vehicle stop" have the
  meanings assigned by Article 2.132(a).
         (b)  Each law enforcement agency shall adopt and implement a
  detailed written policy regarding the administration of a motor
  vehicle stop investigation in accordance with this article,
  including the administrative penalties for violations of the
  policy. A law enforcement agency may adopt the model policy
  promulgated by the Texas A&M System's Institute for Predictive
  Analytics in Criminal Justice or the agency's own policy.
         (c)  A peace officer may not:
               (1)  conduct a roadside investigation during a motor
  vehicle stop for an offense other than the traffic violation
  without suspicion based on a preponderance of the evidence that the
  driver has committed the other offense;
               (2)  continue a roadside investigation during a motor
  vehicle stop into an offense other than the traffic violation after
  the driver has refused to consent to be searched unless the peace
  officer has additional suspicion based on a preponderance of the
  evidence that the driver has committed the other offense; or
               (3)  arrest a driver during a motor vehicle stop for a
  traffic violation to conduct a search incident to arrest unless the
  officer has probable cause to believe that the driver has committed
  an offense more serious than a Class C misdemeanor.
         SECTION 3.05.  Article 3.05, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended to read as follows:
         Art. 3.05.  RACIAL PROFILING. (a) In this code, "racial
  profiling" means a law enforcement-initiated action based on an
  individual's race, ethnicity, or national origin rather than on the
  individual's behavior or on information identifying the individual
  as having engaged in criminal activity.
         (b)  Racial profiling may be identified through the
  examination of sufficient and evidence-based data analysis, taking
  into consideration the context and surroundings of an action
  initiated by law enforcement.
         SECTION 3.06.  Article 14.06, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by amending Subsection (b) and adding Subsection (b-1) to
  read as follows:
         (b)  A peace officer who is charging a person, including a
  child, with committing an offense that is a [Class C] misdemeanor
  punishable by a fine only, other than an offense under Section
  49.02, Penal Code, an offense under Chapter 106, Alcoholic Beverage
  Code, or an offense for which the officer reasonably believes it is
  necessary to take the person before a magistrate to prevent a
  foreseeable injury or an altercation, shall [may], instead of
  taking the person before a magistrate, issue a citation to the
  person that contains:
               (1)  written notice of the time and place the person
  must appear before a magistrate;
               (2)  the name and address of the person charged;
               (3)  the offense charged;
               (4)  information regarding the alternatives to the full
  payment of any fine or costs assessed against the person, if the
  person is convicted of the offense and is unable to pay that amount;
  and
               (5)  the following admonishment, in boldfaced or
  underlined type or in capital letters:
         "If you are convicted of a misdemeanor offense involving
  violence where you are or were a spouse, intimate partner, parent,
  or guardian of the victim or are or were involved in another,
  similar relationship with the victim, it may be unlawful for you to
  possess or purchase a firearm, including a handgun or long gun, or
  ammunition, pursuant to federal law under 18 U.S.C. Section
  922(g)(9) or Section 46.04(b), Texas Penal Code. If you have any
  questions whether these laws make it illegal for you to possess or
  purchase a firearm, you should consult an attorney."
         (b-1)  A peace officer who is charging a person, including a
  child, with committing an offense that is a misdemeanor punishable
  by a fine only under Chapter 106, Alcoholic Beverage Code, may,
  instead of taking the person before a magistrate, issue to the
  person a citation that contains written notice of the time and place
  the person must appear before a magistrate, the name and address of
  the person charged, and the offense charged.
         SECTION 3.07.  Section 543.004(a), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (a)  An officer shall issue a written notice to appear if:
               (1)  the offense charged is[:
                     [(A)  speeding;
                     [(B)  the use of a wireless communication device
  under Section 545.4251; or
                     [(C)]  a misdemeanor under this subtitle that is
  punishable by a fine only [violation of the open container law,
  Section 49.031, Penal Code]; and
               (2)  the person makes a written promise to appear in
  court as provided by Section 543.005.
         SECTION 3.08.  Article 2.13(g), Code of Criminal Procedure,
  as added by this article, applies only to a motor vehicle stop or
  search that occurs on or after the effective date of this Act.
         SECTION 3.09.  The changes in law made by this article apply
  only to an offense committed on or after the effective date of this
  Act. An offense committed before the effective date of this Act is
  governed by the law in effect on the date the offense was committed,
  and the former law is continued in effect for that purpose. For
  purposes of this section, an offense was committed before the
  effective date of this article if any element of the offense
  occurred before that date.
  ARTICLE 4. CITIZEN OVERSIGHT BOARDS
         SECTION 4.01.  Section 143.009, Local Government Code, is
  amended by amending subsection 143.009(b) to read as follows:
         (b)  During an investigation, the commission or the
  commission member may:
               (1)  administer oaths;
               (2)  issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of any
  relevant person or party to the investigation including but not
  limited to the officer or party being investigated witnesses and
  the production of books, papers, documents, and accounts relating
  to the investigation; and
               (3)  cause the deposition of witnesses residing inside
  or outside the state.
         (c)  A deposition taken in connection with an investigation
  under this section must be taken in the manner prescribed by law for
  taking a similar deposition in a civil action in federal district
  court.
         (d)  An oath administered or a subpoena issued under this
  section has the same force and effect as an oath administered by a
  magistrate in the magistrate's judicial capacity.
         (e)  A person who fails to respond to a subpoena issued under
  this section commits an offense punishable as prescribed by Section
  143.016.
  ARTICLE 5. POLICE TRAINING
         SECTION 5.01.  Section 1701.253, Occupations Code, is
  amended by adding Subsection (q) to read as follows:
         (q)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the
  commission shall require an officer to complete a statewide
  education and training program on tactical communication, and
  implicit bias training.
         SECTION 5.02.  Section 1701.402, Occupations Code, is
  amended by adding Subsection (p) to read as follows:
         As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency
  certificate, an officer must complete an education and training
  program on tactical communication, and implicit bias training
  established by the commission under Section 1701.253(q).
  ARTICLE 6. EFFECTIVE DATE
         SECTION 6.01.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2021.
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