Bill Text: TX HB3135 | 2023-2024 | 88th Legislature | Introduced

NOTE: There are more recent revisions of this legislation. Read Latest Draft
Bill Title: Relating to the review, adoption, and modification of land development regulations by certain municipalities, counties, and special districts.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 2-0)

Status: (Engrossed - Dead) 2023-05-21 - Left pending in committee [HB3135 Detail]

Download: Texas-2023-HB3135-Introduced.html
  88R2887 MP-D
 
  By: Stucky H.B. No. 3135
 
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
  relating to the review and adoption of land development regulations
  by municipalities, counties, and certain special districts.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  Subtitle C, Title 7, Local Government Code, is
  amended by adding Chapter 247 to read as follows:
  CHAPTER 247.  REVIEW AND ADOPTION OF LAND DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS
         Sec. 247.001.  DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
               (1)  "Land development regulation" means an ordinance,
  order, rule, or other regulation of a political subdivision that
  regulates:
                     (A)  zoning;
                     (B)  subdivision requirements;
                     (C)  development requirements;
                     (D)  building codes; and
                     (E)  fire codes.
               (2)  "Political subdivision" means a:
                     (A)  county;
                     (B)  municipality; or
                     (C)  special purpose district that has authority
  over building codes, development, or land use in the district.
         Sec. 247.002.  REVIEW OF EXISTING LAND DEVELOPMENT
  REGULATIONS. (a)  The governing body of a political subdivision
  shall review the costs, benefits, and risks of the existing land
  development regulations of the political subdivision.
         (b)  The governing body shall review each existing land
  development regulation at least once every 10 years.
         (c)  A review of a land development regulation under this
  section must consider:
               (1)  the regulation's impact on housing development;
               (2)  whether the regulation benefits landowners or the
  public;
               (3)  the benefits of the regulation for affected
  parties;
               (4)  the extent to which landowners or the public incur
  costs as a result of the regulation;
               (5)  the effect on persons regulated under the
  regulation; and
               (6)  the administrative or enforcement costs for the
  regulation that are paid by taxpayers.
         (d)  In reviewing a land development regulation under this
  section, the governing body of the political subdivision shall hold
  a public hearing and provide an opportunity for public comment.
         (e)  On completing a review of a land development regulation
  under this section, the governing body of the political subdivision
  shall repeal, amend, or readopt the regulation.  The governing body
  shall repeal or amend a regulation that interferes with the
  production of new housing or development related to existing
  housing.
         Sec. 247.003.  IMPACT STATEMENT FOR AND AUTHORITY TO ADOPT
  PROPOSED LAND DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS. (a)  Before the governing
  body of a political subdivision may adopt a land development
  regulation, the governing body shall analyze the costs, benefits,
  and risks of the proposed regulation and issue an impact statement.
         (b)  An impact statement required by Subsection (a) must
  include:
               (1)  an analysis of the fiscal impact of the proposed
  land development regulation;
               (2)  a determination of whether the proposed land
  development regulation provides benefits to the health and welfare
  of the residents of the political subdivision that adopted the
  regulation that outweigh any costs found by the analysis required
  by Subdivision (1); and
               (3)  the proposed land development regulation's impact
  on housing costs in the political subdivision.
         (c)  A political subdivision may adopt a proposed land
  development regulation only if the political subdivision
  determines that the regulation:
               (1)  is consistent with the political subdivision's
  public health and safety priorities;
               (2)  has a minimal fiscal impact; and
               (3)  mitigates housing costs for residents of the
  political subdivision.
         (d)  A political subdivision shall make an impact statement
  required by Subsection (a) available for review by the public.
         SECTION 2.  Not later than September 1, 2028, the governing
  body of each municipality, county, and special purpose district
  shall conduct an initial review of each land development regulation
  under Section 247.002, Local Government Code, as added by this Act.
         SECTION 3.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2023.
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