Bill Text: TX HB1927 | 2021-2022 | 87th Legislature | Introduced

NOTE: There are more recent revisions of this legislation. Read Latest Draft
Bill Title: Relating to provisions governing the carrying of a firearm by a person who is 21 years of age or older and not otherwise prohibited by state or federal law from possessing the firearm and to other provisions related to the carrying, possessing, transporting, or storing of a firearm or other weapon; creating criminal offenses.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 70-2)

Status: (Passed) 2021-06-16 - Effective on 9/1/21 [HB1927 Detail]

Download: Texas-2021-HB1927-Introduced.html
 
 
  By: Schaefer H.B. No. 1927
 
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
  relating to the carrying of a firearm by a person 21 years of age or
  older and who is not otherwise prohibited from possessing the
  firearm and to criminal offenses otherwise related to the carrying
  of a firearm; creating criminal offenses.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  This Act Shall be known as the Firearm Carry Act
  of 2021.
         SECTION 2.  Article 14.02, Code of Criminal Procedure, is
  amended by adding Subsections (h), (h-1), and (h-2) to read as
  follows:
         (h)  A peace officer who is acting in the lawful discharge of
  the officer's official duties may temporarily disarm a person at
  any time the officer reasonably believes it is necessary for the
  protection of the person, officer, or another individual. The
  peace officer shall return the weapon to the person before
  discharging the person from the scene if the officer determines
  that the person is not a threat to the officer, person, or another
  individual and if the person has not committed a violation that
  results in the arrest of the person.
         (h-1)  A peace officer who is acting in the lawful discharge
  of the officer's official duties may temporarily disarm a person
  when the person enters a nonpublic, secure portion of a law
  enforcement facility, if the law enforcement agency provides a gun
  locker where the peace officer can secure the weapon. The peace
  officer shall secure the weapon in the locker and shall return the
  weapon to the person immediately after the person leaves the
  nonpublic, secure portion of the law enforcement facility.
         (h-2)  In this section "law enforcement facility" and
  "nonpublic, secure portion of a law enforcement facility" have the
  meanings assigned by Section 411.207(d), Government Code.
         SECTION 3.  Section 37.0815(b), Education Code, is amended
  to read as follows:
         (b)  This section does not authorize a person to possess,
  transport, or store a handgun, a firearm, or ammunition in
  violation of Section 37.125 of this code, Section 46.03 [or
  46.035], Penal Code, or other law.
         SECTION 4.  Section 411.186(a), Government Code, is amended
  to read as follows:
         (a)  The department shall revoke a license under this section
  if the license holder:
               (1)  was not entitled to the license at the time it was
  issued;
               (2)  made a material misrepresentation or failed to
  disclose a material fact in an application submitted under this
  subchapter;
               (3)  subsequently becomes ineligible for a license
  under Section 411.172, unless the sole basis for the ineligibility
  is that the license holder is charged with the commission of a Class
  A or Class B misdemeanor or equivalent offense, or of an offense
  under Section 42.01, Penal Code, or equivalent offense, or of a
  felony under an information or indictment;
               (4)  [is convicted of an offense under Section 46.035,
  Penal Code;
               (5)]  is determined by the department to have engaged
  in conduct constituting a reason to suspend a license listed in
  Section 411.187(a) after the person's license has been previously
  suspended twice for the same reason; or
               (5) [(6)]  submits an application fee that is
  dishonored or reversed if the applicant fails to submit a cashier's
  check or money order made payable to the "Department of Public
  Safety of the State of Texas" in the amount of the dishonored or
  reversed fee, plus $25, within 30 days of being notified by the
  department that the fee was dishonored or reversed.
         SECTION 5.  Section 411.2031(a), Government Code, is amended
  to read as follows:
         (a)  For purposes of this section:
               (1)  "Campus" means all land and buildings owned or
  leased by an institution of higher education or private or
  independent institution of higher education.
               (2)  "Institution of higher education" and "private or
  independent institution of higher education" have the meanings
  assigned by Section 61.003, Education Code.
               (3)  "Premises" has the meaning assigned by Section
  46.03(c) [46.035], Penal Code.
         SECTION 6.  Section 411.209, Government Code, is amended by
  amending Subsections (a) and (j) to read as follows:
         (a)  Except as provided by Subsection (i), a state agency or
  a political subdivision of the state may not take any action,
  including an action consisting of the provision of notice by a
  communication described by Section 30.06 or 30.07, Penal Code, that
  states or implies that a license holder who is carrying a handgun
  under the authority of this subchapter is prohibited from entering
  or remaining on a premises or other place owned or leased by the
  governmental entity unless license holders are prohibited from
  carrying a handgun on the premises or other place by Section 46.03
  [or 46.035], Penal Code, or other law.
         (j)  In this section, "premises" has the meaning assigned by
  Section 46.03(c) [46.035], Penal Code.
         SECTION 7.  Section 552.002(a), Health and Safety Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (a)  In this section:
               (1)  "License holder" has the meaning assigned by
  Section 30.06(c) [46.035(f)], Penal Code.
               (2)  "State hospital" means the following facilities:
                     (A)  the Austin State Hospital;
                     (B)  the Big Spring State Hospital;
                     (C)  the El Paso Psychiatric Center;
                     (D)  the Kerrville State Hospital;
                     (E)  the North Texas State Hospital;
                     (F)  the Rio Grande State Center;
                     (G)  the Rusk State Hospital;
                     (H)  the San Antonio State Hospital;
                     (I)  the Terrell State Hospital; and
                     (J)  the Waco Center for Youth.
               (3)  "Written notice" means a sign that is posted on
  property and that:
                     (A)  includes in both English and Spanish written
  language identical to the following: "Pursuant to Section 552.002,
  Health and Safety Code (carrying of handgun by license holder in
  state hospital), a person licensed under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
  Government Code (handgun licensing law), may not enter this
  property with a handgun";
                     (B)  appears in contrasting colors with block
  letters at least one inch in height; and
                     (C)  is displayed in a conspicuous manner clearly
  visible to the public at each entrance to the property.
         SECTION 8.  Section 773.0145(a), Health and Safety Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (a)  This section applies to:
               (1)  an amusement park, as defined by Section 46.03
  [46.035], Penal Code;
               (2)  a child-care facility, as defined by Section
  42.002, Human Resources Code;
               (3)  a day camp or youth camp, as defined by Section
  141.002;
               (4)  a private or independent institution of higher
  education, as defined by Section 61.003, Education Code;
               (5)  a restaurant, as defined by Section 17.821,
  Business & Commerce Code;
               (6)  a sports venue, as defined by Section 504.151,
  Local Government Code;
               (7)  a youth center, as defined by Section 481.134; or
               (8)  subject to Subsection (b), any other entity that
  the executive commissioner by rule designates as an entity that
  would benefit from the possession and administration of epinephrine
  auto-injectors.
         SECTION 9.  Section 52.062(b), Labor Code, is amended to
  read as follows:
         (b)  Section 52.061 does not prohibit an employer from
  prohibiting an employee who holds a license to carry a handgun under
  Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, or who otherwise
  lawfully possesses a firearm, from possessing a firearm the
  employee is otherwise authorized by law to possess on the premises
  of the employer's business. In this subsection, "premises" has the
  meaning assigned by Section 46.03(c) [46.035(f)(3)], Penal Code.
         SECTION 10.  Section 30.05, Penal Code, is amended by
  amending Subsection (d) and adding Subsection (i-1) to read as
  follows:
         (d)  An offense under this section is:
               (1)  a Class B misdemeanor, except as provided by
  Subdivisions (2), (3), and (4) [(3)];
               (2)  a Class C misdemeanor punishable by a fine not to
  exceed $200, except as provided by Subdivision (4)(D), if the
  offense is committed under Subsection (i-1);
               (3) [(2)]  a Class C misdemeanor, except as provided by
  Subdivision (3), if the offense is committed:
                     (A)  on agricultural land and within 100 feet of
  the boundary of the land; or
                     (B)  on residential land and within 100 feet of a
  protected freshwater area; and
               (4) [(3)]  a Class A misdemeanor if:
                     (A)  the offense is committed:
                           (i)  in a habitation or a shelter center;
                           (ii)  on a Superfund site; or
                           (iii)  on or in a critical infrastructure
  facility;
                     (B)  the offense is committed on or in property of
  an institution of higher education and it is shown on the trial of
  the offense that the person has previously been convicted of:
                           (i)  an offense under this section relating
  to entering or remaining on or in property of an institution of
  higher education; or
                           (ii)  an offense under Section 51.204(b)(1),
  Education Code, relating to trespassing on the grounds of an
  institution of higher education; or
                     (C)  the person carries a deadly weapon during the
  commission of the offense; or
                     (D)  if the offense is committed under Subsection
  (i-1) and it is shown on the trial of the offense that, after
  entering the property, the person personally received notice by
  oral communication from the owner of the property, or from someone
  with apparent authority to act for the owner, and subsequently
  failed to depart.
         (i-1)  If the basis on which entry on the property or land or
  in the building was forbidden is that entry with a firearm or other
  weapon was forbidden it is a defense to prosecution under this
  section that the person personally received notice by oral
  communication from the owner of the property, or from someone with
  apparent authority to act for the owner, and promptly departed from
  the property.
         SECTION 11.  Section 30.06, Penal Code, is amended by
  amending Subsection (c) and Subsection (e) to read as follows:
         (c)  In this section:
               (1)  "Entry" has the meaning assigned by Section
  30.05(b).
               (2)  "License holder" means a person licensed to carry
  a handgun under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code [has the
  meaning assigned by Section 46.035(f)].
               (3)  "Written communication" means:
                     (A)  a card or other document on which is written
  language identical to the following: "Pursuant to Section 30.06,
  Penal Code (trespass by license holder with a concealed handgun), a
  person licensed under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code
  (handgun licensing law), may not enter this property with a
  concealed handgun"; or
                     (B)  a sign posted on the property that:
                           (i)  includes the language described by
  Paragraph (A) in both English and Spanish;
                           (ii)  appears in contrasting colors with
  block letters at least one inch in height; and
                           (iii)  is displayed in a conspicuous manner
  clearly visible to the public.
         (e)  It is an exception to the application of this section
  that the property on which the license holder carries a handgun is
  owned or leased by a governmental entity and is not a premises or
  other place on which the license holder is prohibited from carrying
  the handgun under Section 46.03 [or 46.035].
         SECTION 12.  Section 30.07, Penal Code, is amended by
  amending Subsection (c) and Subsection (e), to read as follows:
         (c)  In this section:
               (1)  "Entry" has the meaning assigned by Section
  30.05(b).
               (2)  "License holder" has the meaning assigned by
  Section 30.06(c) [46.035(f)].
               (3) "Written communication" means:
                     (A)  a card or other document on which is written
  language identical to the following: "Pursuant to Section 30.07,
  Penal Code (trespass by license holder with an openly carried
  handgun), a person licensed under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
  Government Code (handgun licensing law), may not enter this
  property with a handgun that is carried openly"; or
                     (B)  a sign posted on the property that:
                           (i)  includes the language described by
  Paragraph (A) in both English and Spanish;
                           (ii)  appears in contrasting colors with
  block letters at least one inch in height; and
                           (iii)  is displayed in a conspicuous manner
  clearly visible to the public at each entrance to the property.
         (e)  It is an exception to the application of this section
  that the property on which the license holder openly carries the
  handgun is owned or leased by a governmental entity and is not a
  premises or other place on which the license holder is prohibited
  from carrying the handgun under Section 46.03 [or 46.035].
         SECTION 13.  Section 46.02, Penal Code, is amended by
  amending Subsections (a) and (a-1), and adding Subsection (a-5) to
  read as follows:
         (a)  A person younger than 21 years of age commits an offense
  if the person:
               (1)  intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly carries
  on or about his or her person a handgun; and
               (2)  is not:
                     (A)  on the person's own premises or premises
  under the person's control; or
                     (B)  inside of or directly en route to a motor
  vehicle or watercraft that is owned by the person or under the
  person's control.
         (a-1)  A person younger than 21 years of age commits an
  offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly
  carries on or about his or her person a handgun in a motor vehicle or
  watercraft that is owned by the person or under the person's control
  at any time in which:
               (1)  the handgun is in plain view, unless the person is
  licensed to carry a handgun under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
  Government Code, and the handgun is carried in a shoulder or belt
  holster; or
               (2)  the person is:
                     (A)  engaged in criminal activity, other than a
  Class C misdemeanor that is a violation of a law or ordinance
  regulating traffic or boating;
                     (B)  prohibited by law from possessing a firearm;
  or
                     (C)  a member of a criminal street gang, as
  defined by Section 71.01.
         (a-5)  A person commits an offense if the person carries a
  handgun on or about their person, and intentionally displays the
  handgun in plain view of another person in a public place. It is an
  exception to the application of this subsection that the handgun
  was partially or wholly visible but was carried in a holster on or
  about the person.
         SECTION 14.  Section 46.03, Penal Code, is amended to read as
  follows:
         (a)  A person commits an offense if the person intentionally,
  knowingly, or recklessly possesses or goes with a firearm,
  location-restricted knife, club, or prohibited weapon listed in
  Section 46.05(a):
               (1)  on the physical premises of a school or
  educational institution, any grounds or building on which an
  activity sponsored by a school or educational institution is being
  conducted, or a passenger transportation vehicle of a school or
  educational institution, whether the school or educational
  institution is public or private, unless:
                     (A)  pursuant to written regulations or written
  authorization of the institution; or
                     (B)  the person possesses or goes with a concealed
  handgun that the person is licensed to carry under Subchapter H,
  Chapter 411, Government Code, and no other weapon to which this
  section applies, on the premises of an institution of higher
  education or private or independent institution of higher
  education, on any grounds or building on which an activity
  sponsored by the institution is being conducted, or in a passenger
  transportation vehicle of the institution;
               (2)  on the premises of a polling place on the day of an
  election or while early voting is in progress;
               (3)  on the premises of any government court or offices
  utilized by the court, unless pursuant to written regulations or
  written authorization of the court;
               (4)  on the premises of a racetrack;
               (5)  in or into a secured area of an airport; [or]
               (6)  within 1,000 feet of premises the location of
  which is designated by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice as a
  place of execution under Article 43.19, Code of Criminal Procedure,
  on a day that a sentence of death is set to be imposed on the
  designated premises and the person received notice that:
                     (A)  going within 1,000 feet of the premises with
  a weapon listed under this subsection was prohibited; or
                     (B)  possessing a weapon listed under this
  subsection within 1,000 feet of the premises was prohibited;[.
         (a-1)  A person commits an offense if the person
  intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly possesses or goes with a
  location-restricted knife:]
               (7) [(1)]  on the premises of a business that has a
  permit or license issued under Chapter 25, 28, 32, 69, or 74,
  Alcoholic Beverage Code, if the business derives 51 percent or more
  of its income from the sale or service of alcoholic beverages for
  on-premises consumption, as determined by the Texas Alcoholic
  Beverage Commission under Section 104.06, Alcoholic Beverage Code;
               (8) [(2)]  on the premises where a high school,
  collegiate, or professional sporting event or interscholastic
  event is taking place, unless the person is a participant in the
  event and a firearm, location-restricted knife, club, or prohibited
  weapon listed in Section 46.05(a) is used in the event;
               (9) [(3)]  on the premises of a correctional facility;
               (10)  on the premises of a civil commitment facility;
               (11) [(4)]  on the premises of a hospital licensed
  under Chapter 241, Health and Safety Code, or on the premises of a
  nursing facility licensed under Chapter 242, Health and Safety
  Code, unless the person has written authorization of the hospital
  or nursing facility administration, as appropriate;
               (12) [(5)]  on the premises of a mental hospital, as
  defined by Section 571.003, Health and Safety Code, unless the
  person has written authorization of the mental hospital
  administration; or
               (13) [(6)]  in an amusement park[;
               (7)  on the premises of a church, synagogue, or other
  established place of religious worship].
         (a-1)  A person commits an offense if the person carries a
  partially or wholly visible handgun, regardless of whether the
  handgun is holstered, on or about their person and intentionally
  displays the handgun in plain view of another person:
               (1)  on the premises of an institution of higher
  education or private or independent institution of higher
  education; or
               (2)  on any public or private driveway, street,
  sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other parking
  area of an institution of higher education or private or
  independent institution of higher education.
         (a-2)  Notwithstanding Subsection (a) or Section 46.02(a-5),
  a license holder commits an offense if the license holder carries a
  handgun on the campus of a private or independent institution of
  higher education in this state that has established rules,
  regulations, or other provisions prohibiting license holders from
  carrying handguns pursuant to Section 411.2031(e), Government
  Code, or on the grounds or building on which an activity sponsored
  by such an institution is being conducted, or in a passenger
  transportation vehicle of such an institution, regardless of
  whether the handgun is concealed, provided the institution gives
  effective notice under Section 30.06.
         (a-3)  Notwithstanding Subsection (a) or Section 46.02(a-5),
  a license holder commits an offense if the license holder
  intentionally carries a concealed handgun on a portion of a
  premises located on the campus of an institution of higher
  education in this state on which the carrying of a concealed handgun
  is prohibited by rules, regulations, or other provisions
  established under Section 411.2031(d-1), Government Code, provided
  the institution gives effective notice under Section 30.06 with
  respect to that portion.
         (b)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsections
  (a)(1)-(4) that the actor possessed a firearm while in the actual
  discharge of his official duties as a member of the armed forces or
  national guard or a guard employed by a penal institution, or an
  officer of the court.
         (c)  In this section:
               (1)  "Amusement park" means a permanent indoor or
  outdoor facility or park where amusement rides are available for
  use by the public that is located in a county with a population of
  more than one million, encompasses at least 75 acres in surface
  area, is enclosed with access only through controlled entries, is
  open for operation more than 120 days in each calendar year, and has
  security guards on the premises at all times. The term does not
  include any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or
  walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area.
               (2) [(1)]  "Institution of higher education" and
  "private or independent institution of higher education" have the
  meanings assigned by Section 61.003, Education Code.
               (3)  "Premises" means a building or a portion of a
  building. The term does not include any public or private driveway,
  street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking garage, or other
  parking area. [(2)  "Amusement park" and "premises" have the
  meanings assigned by Section 46.035.]
               (4) [(3)]  "Secured area" means an area of an airport
  terminal building to which access is controlled by the inspection
  of persons and property under federal law.
         (d)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(5)
  that the actor possessed a firearm or club while traveling to or
  from the actor's place of assignment or in the actual discharge of
  duties as:
               (1)  a member of the armed forces or national guard;
               (2)  a guard employed by a penal institution; or
               (3)  a security officer commissioned by the Texas
  Private Security Board if:
                     (A)  the actor is wearing a distinctive uniform;
  and
                     (B)  the firearm or club is in plain view; or
               (4)  a security officer who holds a personal protection
  authorization under Chapter 1702, Occupations Code, provided that
  the officer is either:
                     (A)  wearing the uniform of a security officer,
  including any uniform or apparel described by Section 1702.323(d),
  Occupations Code, and carrying the officer's firearm in plain view;
  or
                     (B)  not wearing the uniform of a security officer
  and carrying the officer's firearm in a concealed manner.
         (e)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(5)
  that the actor checked all firearms as baggage in accordance with
  federal or state law or regulations before entering a secured area.
         (e-1)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(5)
  that the actor:
               (1)  possessed, at the screening checkpoint for the
  secured area, a concealed handgun that the actor was licensed to
  carry under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code; and
               (2)  exited the screening checkpoint for the secured
  area immediately upon completion of the required screening
  processes and notification that the actor possessed the handgun.
         (e-2)  A peace officer investigating conduct that may
  constitute an offense under Subsection (a)(5) and that consists
  only of an actor's possession of a concealed handgun that the actor
  is licensed to carry under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government
  Code, may not arrest the actor for the offense unless:
               (1)  the officer advises the actor of the defense
  available under Subsection (e-1) and gives the actor an opportunity
  to exit the screening checkpoint for the secured area; and
               (2)  the actor does not immediately exit the checkpoint
  upon completion of the required screening processes.
         (f)  Except as provided by Subsection (e-1), it is not a
  defense to prosecution under this section that the actor possessed
  a handgun and was licensed to carry a handgun under Subchapter H,
  Chapter 411, Government Code.
         (g)  Except as provided by Subsection (g-1) and (g-2), an
  offense under this section is a felony of the third degree.
         (g-1)  If the weapon that is the subject of the offense is a
  location-restricted knife, an offense under this section is a Class
  C misdemeanor, except that the offense is a felony of the third
  degree if the offense is committed under Subsection (a)(1).
         (g-2)  An offense committed under Subsections (a)(8),
  (a)(10), (a)(11), (a)(13), (a-1), (a-2), or (a-3) is a Class A
  misdemeanor.
         (h)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(4)
  that the actor possessed a firearm or club while traveling to or
  from the actor's place of assignment or in the actual discharge of
  duties as a security officer commissioned by the Texas Board of
  Private Investigators and Private Security Agencies, if:
               (1)  the actor is wearing a distinctive uniform; and
               (2)  the firearm or club is in plain view.
         (i)  It is an exception to the application of Subsection
  (a)(6) that the actor possessed a firearm or club:
               (1)  while in a vehicle being driven on a public road;
  or
               (2)  at the actor's residence or place of employment.
         SECTION 15.  Section 46.15, Penal Code, is amended by adding
  Subsection (b-1) and amending Subsection (l) to read as follows:
         (b-1)  Section 46.03 does not apply to a person unless the
  person personally received notice by oral communication from the
  owner of the property or from someone with apparent authority to act
  for the owner and subsequently failed to depart.
         (l)  Sections 46.02, 46.03(a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3), and
  (a)(4)[, and 46.035 (a), (a-1), (a-2), (a-3), (b)(1), (b)(5), and
  (b)(6)] do not apply to a person who carries a handgun if:
               (1)  the person carries the handgun on the premises, as
  defined by the statute providing the applicable offense, of a
  location operating as an emergency shelter during a state of
  disaster declared under Section 418.014, Government Code, or a
  local state of disaster declared under Section 418.108, Government
  Code;
               (2)  the owner, controller, or operator of the premises
  or a person acting with the apparent authority of the owner,
  controller, or operator, authorized the carrying of the handgun;
               (3)  the person carrying the handgun complies with any
  rules and regulations of the owner, controller, or operator of the
  premises that govern the carrying of a handgun on the premises; and
               (4)  the person is not prohibited by state or federal
  law from possessing a firearm.
         SECTION 16.  The following provisions are repealed:
               (1)  Section 11.041, 11.61(e), 61.11 and 61.71(f),
  Alcoholic Beverage Code;
               (2)  Sections 411.198(b), 411.204(d), and 411.206(c),
  Government Code; and
               (3)  Sections 46.02(c) and 46.035, Penal Code.
         SECTION 17.  The change in law made by this Act applies only
  to an offense committed on or after the effective date of this Act.
  An offense committed before the effective date of this Act is
  governed by the law in effect on the date the offense was committed,
  and the former law is continued in effect for that purpose. For
  purposes of this section, an offense was committed before the
  effective date of this Act if any element of the offense occurred
  before that date.
         SECTION 18.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2021.
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