Bill Text: TX HB1755 | 2019-2020 | 86th Legislature | Comm Sub


Bill Title: Relating to assembled vehicles and former military vehicles, including the titling and registration of those vehicles.

Spectrum: Moderate Partisan Bill (Republican 10-2)

Status: (Engrossed) 2019-05-19 - Committee report printed and distributed [HB1755 Detail]

Download: Texas-2019-HB1755-Comm_Sub.html
 
 
  By: Thompson of Brazoria, et al. H.B. No. 1755
        (Senate Sponsor - Hughes)
         (In the Senate - Received from the House April 15, 2019;
  April 16, 2019, read first time and referred to Committee on
  Transportation; May 19, 2019, reported adversely, with favorable
  Committee Substitute by the following vote:  Yeas 9, Nays 0;
  May 19, 2019, sent to printer.)
Click here to see the committee vote
 
  COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR H.B. No. 1755 By:  Hancock
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
 
  relating to assembled vehicles and former military vehicles,
  including the titling and registration of those vehicles.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  Subchapter A, Chapter 2301, Occupations Code, is
  amended by adding Section 2301.0045 to read as follows:
         Sec. 2301.0045.  NONAPPLICABILITY OF CHAPTER TO ASSEMBLED
  VEHICLES AND HOBBYIST. This chapter does not apply to an assembled
  vehicle or a hobbyist, as those terms are defined by Section
  731.001, Transportation Code.
         SECTION 2.  Subchapter A, Chapter 2302, Occupations Code, is
  amended by adding Section 2302.009 to read as follows:
         Sec. 2302.009.  REBUILDING OF ASSEMBLED VEHICLE PROHIBITED.
  A salvage vehicle dealer may not, as part of engaging in a business
  or activity regulated under this chapter, rebuild an assembled
  vehicle, as defined by Section 731.001, Transportation Code.
         SECTION 3.  Subtitle J, Title 7, Transportation Code, is
  amended by adding Chapter 731 to read as follows:
  CHAPTER 731. ASSEMBLED VEHICLES
  SUBCHAPTER A. GENERAL PROVISIONS
         Sec. 731.001.  DEFINITIONS. (a) In this chapter:
               (1)  "Assembled motorcycle" means a motorcycle, as
  defined by Section 541.201, that is built or assembled by a
  hobbyist.
               (2)  "Assembled motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle,
  as defined by Section 501.002(17)(A), that:
                     (A)  has a motor, body, and frame; and
                     (B)  is built or assembled by a hobbyist.
               (3)  "Assembled trailer" means a trailer, semitrailer,
  or travel trailer, as those terms are defined by Section 501.002,
  that is built or assembled by a hobbyist.
               (4)  "Assembled vehicle" means:
                     (A)  an assembled motor vehicle;
                     (B)  an assembled motorcycle;
                     (C)  an assembled trailer;
                     (D)  a custom vehicle;
                     (E)  a street rod;
                     (F)  a replica; or
                     (G)  a glider kit.
               (5)  "Board" means the board of the Texas Department of
  Motor Vehicles.
               (6)  "Custom vehicle" and "street rod" have the
  meanings assigned by Section 504.501.
               (7)  "Glider kit" means a truck tractor, as defined by
  Section 541.201, that is built or assembled using:
                     (A)  a kit that typically consists of a new cab,
  frame, and front axle and new accessories; and
                     (B)  a used powertrain.
               (8)  "Hobbyist" means a person who:
                     (A)  builds or assembles an assembled vehicle for
  personal use;
                     (B)  does not engage in the continuous sale of
  vehicles, as defined by the department; and
                     (C)  is not the maker of a kit or a manufacturer,
  as defined by Section 2301.002, Occupations Code.
               (9)  "Master technician" means a person who holds a
  master technician certification issued by the National Institute
  for Automotive Service Excellence.
               (10)  "Owner" has the meaning assigned by Section
  541.001.
               (11)  "Replica" means a vehicle that uses a
  manufactured prefabricated body or a body constructed from
  materials not original to the vehicle and that resembles an
  established make of a previous year vehicle model. The term may
  include a custom vehicle or street rod.
               (12)  "Title" and "vehicle identification number" have
  the meanings assigned by Section 501.002.
               (13)  "Vehicle" has the meaning assigned by Section
  502.001.
         (b)  For purposes of Subsection (a)(4), the term "assembled
  vehicle" does not include a golf cart, as defined by Section
  551.401, or an off-highway vehicle, as defined by Section 663.001,
  regardless of whether the vehicle is built or assembled by a
  hobbyist.
         Sec. 731.002.  RULES. The board may adopt rules as necessary
  to implement and administer this chapter.
         Sec. 731.003.  CONFLICT OF LAW. To the extent of a conflict
  between this chapter, including a rule adopted under this chapter,
  and another law, this chapter controls.
  SUBCHAPTER B. TITLE AND REGISTRATION
         Sec. 731.051.  ELIGIBILITY FOR TITLE AND REGISTRATION. (a)
  Except as provided by Subsection (b), an owner of an assembled
  vehicle shall apply for a title for the vehicle and register the
  vehicle as provided by Chapters 501 and 502, as applicable, and in
  accordance with rules adopted under this chapter, regardless of
  whether the assembled vehicle was built or assembled using a
  vehicle that was previously titled in this state or another
  jurisdiction.
         (b)  An assembled vehicle may not be titled or registered in
  this state if the vehicle:
               (1)  is built or assembled from the merging of two or
  more vehicle classes, provided that component parts from the
  following vehicle classes may be interchanged:
                     (A)  two-axle, four-tire passenger cars;
                     (B)  two-axle, four-tire pickups, panels, and
  vans; and
                     (C)  six-tire dually pickups, of which the rear
  tires are dual tires;
               (2)  uses the frame or body of a nonrepairable motor
  vehicle, as defined by Section 501.091;
               (3)  contains any electrical or mechanical components
  from a flood-damaged vehicle;
               (4)  is designed for off-highway use only;
               (5)  is designed by the manufacturer for on-track
  racing only;
               (6)  has been stripped to the extent that the vehicle
  loses its original identity; or
               (7)  uses any parts that do not meet federal motor
  vehicle safety standards, if standards have been developed for
  those parts.
         Sec. 731.052.  PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR TITLE AND
  REGISTRATION. (a) The board by rule shall establish procedures and
  requirements for:
               (1)  issuance of a title for an assembled vehicle; and
               (2)  registration of an assembled vehicle.
         (b)  Rules adopted under Subsection (a):
               (1)  may not exclude a type of assembled vehicle, other
  than an assembled vehicle described by Section 731.051(b), from
  eligibility for title and registration;
               (2)  must establish the form of a title issued for an
  assembled vehicle; and
               (3)  must exempt an assembled vehicle or a type of
  assembled vehicle from any provision of Chapter 501 or 502 that an
  assembled vehicle or type of assembled vehicle, by its nature,
  cannot comply with or otherwise meet the requirements of.
         Sec. 731.053.  CERTIFICATE OF TITLE REQUIREMENTS. (a) The
  title for an assembled vehicle that has never been titled in this
  state or any other jurisdiction must:
               (1)  list the owner of the assembled vehicle as the
  purchaser;
               (2)  contain the notation "NONE" in the space for the
  seller's name;
               (3)  list the municipality and state in which the
  vehicle was completed in the space for the seller's municipality
  and state; and
               (4)  contain the odometer reading and the notation "NOT
  ACTUAL MILEAGE".
         (b)  Except as provided by Subsection (a), a title issued for
  an assembled vehicle must contain all of the information required
  under Section 501.021.
         Sec. 731.054.  ASSIGNMENT OF VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER.
  The department shall assign a vehicle identification number under
  Section 501.033 to an assembled vehicle unless the vehicle has a
  discernible vehicle identification number assigned by:
               (1)  the manufacturer of the component part by which
  the vehicle may be identified; or
               (2)  the maker of the kit from which the vehicle is
  built or assembled.
  SUBCHAPTER C. INSPECTION BY MASTER TECHNICIAN
         Sec. 731.101.  INSPECTION REQUIRED FOR ISSUANCE OF TITLE.
  (a) In addition to the inspection required under Chapter 548, an
  assembled vehicle must pass an inspection conducted by a master
  technician for the type of assembled vehicle being inspected. The
  inspection must be conducted before issuance of a title for the
  assembled vehicle.
         (b)  On application for title for an assembled vehicle, the
  owner of the assembled vehicle must provide:
               (1)  proof acceptable to the department that the
  vehicle passed an inspection conducted under this section; and
               (2)  a copy of the master technician's Automobile and
  Light Truck certification or a successor certification.
         (c)  The board by rule shall establish procedures and
  requirements for the inspection required by this section. Rules
  adopted under this subsection:
               (1)  must establish inspection criteria;
               (2)  may specify additional items of equipment that
  must be inspected by a master technician and may specify different
  items of equipment that must be inspected based on the type of
  assembled vehicle; and
               (3)  must require an owner of an assembled vehicle that
  is being inspected under this section to pay all fees required for
  the inspection, including any reinspection, in addition to all
  applicable fees required under Chapter 548 for an inspection or
  reinspection conducted under that chapter.
         Sec. 731.102.  EQUIPMENT SUBJECT TO INSPECTION. An
  inspection conducted under Section 731.101 must:
               (1)  as applicable, include the following items of an
  assembled vehicle:
                     (A)  frame, chassis, and any structural
  components of the vehicle;
                     (B)  wheel assembly;
                     (C)  brake system, including each brake and power
  brake unit;
                     (D)  steering system, including power steering;
  and
                     (E)  front seat belts in vehicles that contain
  seat belt anchorages; and
               (2)  include an evaluation of the structural integrity
  of the assembled vehicle and, as applicable, the connection points
  of the:
                     (A)  frame, chassis, or body;
                     (B)  steering system;
                     (C)  drive train; and
                     (D)  suspension.
         SECTION 4.  Section 501.002, Transportation Code, is amended
  by amending Subdivisions (1), (8), (24), (31), and (32) and adding
  Subdivision (1-a) to read as follows:
               (1)  "Assembled vehicle" has the meaning assigned by
  Section 731.001.
               (1-a)  "Certificate of title" means a printed record of
  title issued under Section 501.021.
               (8)  "First sale" means:
                     (A)  the bargain, sale, transfer, or delivery of a
  motor vehicle, other than an assembled vehicle, that has not been
  previously registered or titled, with intent to pass an interest in
  the motor vehicle, other than a lien, regardless of where the
  bargain, sale, transfer, or delivery occurred; and
                     (B)  the registration or titling of that vehicle.
               (24)  "Serial number" means a vehicle identification
  number that is affixed to a part of a motor vehicle and that is:
                     (A)  the manufacturer's permanent vehicle
  identification number;
                     (B)  a derivative number of the manufacturer's
  permanent vehicle identification number;
                     (C)  the motor number; [or]
                     (D)  the vehicle identification number assigned
  by the department; or
                     (E)  the vehicle identification number assigned
  by the maker of a kit, if the vehicle is an assembled vehicle that is
  assembled from a kit.
               (31)  "Used motor vehicle" means:
                     (A)  a motor vehicle that has been the subject of a
  first sale; or
                     (B)  an assembled vehicle that has been issued a
  title.
               (32)  "Vehicle identification number" means:
                     (A)  the manufacturer's permanent vehicle
  identification number affixed by the manufacturer to the motor
  vehicle that is easily accessible for physical examination and
  permanently affixed on one or more removable parts of the vehicle;
  or
                     (B)  a serial number affixed to a part of a motor
  vehicle that is:
                           (i)  a derivative number of the
  manufacturer's permanent vehicle identification number;
                           (ii)  the motor number; [or]
                           (iii)  a vehicle identification number
  assigned by the department; or
                           (iv)  the vehicle identification number
  assigned by the maker of a kit, if the vehicle is an assembled
  vehicle that is assembled from a kit.
         SECTION 5.  Section 501.035(b), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (b)  In this section, "former military vehicle" has the
  meaning assigned by Section 502.001 [504.502(i)].
         SECTION 6.  Section 502.001, Transportation Code, is amended
  by adding Subdivision (17-a) to read as follows:
               (17-a)  "Former military vehicle" means a vehicle,
  including a trailer, that:
                     (A)  was manufactured for use in any country's
  military forces; and
                     (B)  is not operated on continuous tracks.
         SECTION 7.  Subchapter D, Chapter 502, Transportation Code,
  is amended by adding Section 502.141 to read as follows:
         Sec. 502.141.  OFF-HIGHWAY FORMER MILITARY VEHICLES. (a)
  Except as provided by Subsections (b) and (c), a person may not
  register a former military vehicle designated for off-highway use,
  with or without design alterations, for operation on a public
  highway.
         (b)  A former military vehicle may be registered for on-road
  use if the vehicle:
               (1)  is a high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle
  designated for off-highway use; and
               (2)  has a gross vehicle weight rating of less than
  10,000 pounds.
         (c)  A former military vehicle issued specialty license
  plates under Section 504.502 may be operated on a public highway in
  accordance with that section.
         SECTION 8.  Subchapter A, Chapter 503, Transportation Code,
  is amended by adding Section 503.013 to read as follows:
         Sec. 503.013.  DEALER TRANSFER OF CERTAIN ASSEMBLED VEHICLES
  PROHIBITED. (a) In this section, "assembled vehicle" and
  "replica" have the meanings assigned by Section 731.001.
         (b)  Ownership of an assembled vehicle, other than a replica,
  may not be transferred to or by a dealer under this chapter.
         SECTION 9.  Section 504.502(i), Transportation Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
         (i)  In this section, "former military vehicle" means a
  vehicle, including a trailer, regardless of the vehicle's size,
  weight, or year of manufacture, that:
               (1)  was manufactured for use in any country's military
  forces; [and]
               (2)  is maintained to represent its military design and
  markings accurately; and
               (3)  is not operated on continuous tracks.
         SECTION 10.  Subchapter A, Chapter 548, Transportation Code,
  is amended by adding Section 548.009 to read as follows:
         Sec. 548.009.  ASSEMBLED VEHICLES. (a) In this section,
  "assembled vehicle" has the meaning assigned by Section 731.001.
         (b)  A provision of this chapter does not apply to an
  assembled vehicle if the provision:
               (1)  conflicts with Chapter 731 or a rule adopted under
  that chapter; or
               (2)  is a provision that an assembled vehicle, by its
  nature, cannot comply with or otherwise meet.
         SECTION 11.  Section 663.001, Transportation Code, is
  amended by amending Subdivision (1-b) and adding Subdivision (3) to
  read as follows:
               (1-b)  "Off-highway vehicle" means:
                     (A)  an all-terrain vehicle or recreational
  off-highway vehicle, as those terms are defined by Section 502.001;
  [or]
                     (B)  a sand rail; or
                     (C)  a utility vehicle.
               (3)  "Sand rail" means a vehicle, as defined by Section
  502.001, that:
                     (A)  is designed or built primarily for
  off-highway use in sandy terrains, including for use on sand dunes;
                     (B)  has a tubular frame, an integrated roll cage,
  and an engine that is rear-mounted or placed midway between the
  front and rear axles of the vehicle; and
                     (C)  has a gross vehicle weight, as defined by
  Section 541.401, of:
                           (i)  not less than 700 pounds; and
                           (ii)  not more than 2,000 pounds.
         SECTION 12.  As soon as practicable after the effective date
  of this Act, the board of the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles
  shall:
               (1)  adopt the rules required by Chapter 731,
  Transportation Code, as added by this Act; and
               (2)  adopt or modify any rules necessary to implement
  the changes in law made by this Act.
         SECTION 13.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2019.
 
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