Bill Text: TX HB1280 | 2021-2022 | 87th Legislature | Comm Sub

NOTE: There are more recent revisions of this legislation. Read Latest Draft
Bill Title: Relating to prohibition of abortion; providing a civil penalty; creating a criminal offense.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 69-0)

Status: (Passed) 2021-06-16 - See remarks for effective date [HB1280 Detail]

Download: Texas-2021-HB1280-Comm_Sub.html
 
 
  By: Capriglione, et al. H.B. No. 1280
        (Senate Sponsor - Paxton, Hall)
         (In the Senate - Received from the House May 10, 2021;
  May 11, 2021, read first time and referred to Committee on State
  Affairs; May 21, 2021, reported favorably by the following vote:  
  Yeas 7, Nays 2; May 21, 2021, sent to printer.)
Click here to see the committee vote
 
 
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
 
AN ACT
 
  relating to prohibition of abortion; providing a civil penalty;
  creating a criminal offense.
         BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS:
         SECTION 1.  This Act may be cited as the Human Life
  Protection Act of 2021.
         SECTION 2.  Subtitle H, Title 2, Health and Safety Code, is
  amended by adding Chapter 170A to read as follows:
  CHAPTER 170A. PERFORMANCE OF ABORTION
         Sec. 170A.001.  DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
               (1)  "Abortion" has the meaning assigned by Section
  245.002.
               (2)  "Fertilization" means the point in time when a
  male human sperm penetrates the zona pellucida of a female human
  ovum.
               (3)  "Pregnant" means the female human reproductive
  condition of having a living unborn child within the female's body
  during the entire embryonic and fetal stages of the unborn child's
  development from fertilization until birth.
               (4)  "Reasonable medical judgment" means a medical
  judgment made by a reasonably prudent physician, knowledgeable
  about a case and the treatment possibilities for the medical
  conditions involved.
               (5)  "Unborn child" means an individual living member
  of the homo sapiens species from fertilization until birth,
  including the entire embryonic and fetal stages of development.
         Sec. 170A.002.  PROHIBITED ABORTION; EXCEPTIONS. (a) A
  person may not knowingly perform, induce, or attempt an abortion.
         (b)  The prohibition under Subsection (a) does not apply if:
               (1)  the person performing, inducing, or attempting the
  abortion is a licensed physician;
               (2)  in the exercise of reasonable medical judgment,
  the pregnant female on whom the abortion is performed, induced, or
  attempted has a life-threatening physical condition aggravated by,
  caused by, or arising from a pregnancy that places the female at
  risk of death or poses a serious risk of substantial impairment of a
  major bodily function unless the abortion is performed or induced;
  and
               (3)  the person performs, induces, or attempts the
  abortion in a manner that, in the exercise of reasonable medical
  judgment, provides the best opportunity for the unborn child to
  survive unless, in the reasonable medical judgment, that manner
  would create:
                     (A)  a greater risk of the pregnant female's
  death; or
                     (B)  a serious risk of substantial impairment of a
  major bodily function of the pregnant female.
         (c)  A physician may not take an action authorized under
  Subsection (b) if, at the time the abortion was performed, induced,
  or attempted, the person knew the risk of death or a substantial
  impairment of a major bodily function described by Subsection
  (b)(2) arose from a claim or diagnosis that the female would engage
  in conduct that might result in the female's death or in substantial
  impairment of a major bodily function.
         (d)  Medical treatment provided to the pregnant female by a
  licensed physician that results in the accidental or unintentional
  injury or death of the unborn child does not constitute a violation
  of this section.
         Sec. 170A.003.  CONSTRUCTION OF CHAPTER. This chapter may
  not be construed to authorize the imposition of criminal, civil, or
  administrative liability or penalties on a pregnant female on whom
  an abortion is performed, induced, or attempted.
         Sec. 170A.004.  CRIMINAL OFFENSE. (a)  A person who
  violates Section 170A.002 commits an offense.
         (b)  An offense under this section is a felony of the second
  degree, except that the offense is a felony of the first degree if
  an unborn child dies as a result of the offense.
         Sec. 170A.005.  CIVIL PENALTY. A person who violates
  Section 170A.002 is subject to a civil penalty of not less than
  $100,000 for each violation. The attorney general shall file an
  action to recover a civil penalty assessed under this section and
  may recover attorney's fees and costs incurred in bringing the
  action.
         Sec. 170A.006.  CIVIL REMEDIES UNAFFECTED. The fact that
  conduct is subject to a civil or criminal penalty under this chapter
  does not abolish or impair any remedy for the conduct that is
  available in a civil suit.
         Sec. 170A.007.  DISCIPLINARY ACTION. In addition to any
  other penalty that may be imposed under this chapter, the
  appropriate licensing authority shall revoke the license, permit,
  registration, certificate, or other authority of a physician or
  other health care professional who performs, induces, or attempts
  an abortion in violation of Section 170A.002.
         SECTION 3.  Section 2 of this Act takes effect, to the extent
  permitted, on the 30th day after:
               (1)  the issuance of a United States Supreme Court
  judgment in a decision overruling, wholly or partly, Roe v. Wade,
  410 U.S. 113 (1973), as modified by Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505
  U.S. 833 (1992), thereby allowing the states of the United States to
  prohibit abortion;
               (2)  the issuance of any other United States Supreme
  Court judgment in a decision that recognizes, wholly or partly, the
  authority of the states to prohibit abortion; or
               (3)  adoption of an amendment to the United States
  Constitution that, wholly or partly, restores to the states the
  authority to prohibit abortion.
         SECTION 4.  The legislature finds that the State of Texas
  never repealed, either expressly or by implication, the state
  statutes enacted before the ruling in Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113
  (1973), that prohibit and criminalize abortion unless the mother's
  life is in danger.
         SECTION 5.  The provisions of this Act are hereby declared
  severable, and if any provision of this Act or the application of
  such provision to any person or circumstance is declared invalid
  for any reason, such declaration shall not affect the validity of
  the remaining portions of this Act.
         SECTION 6.  This Act takes effect September 1, 2021.
 
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