Bill Text: NY A07745 | 2019-2020 | General Assembly | Introduced

Bill Title: Enacts provisions authorizing retail clinics to provide certain services and directs the commissioner of health to enact regulations imposing certain standards and restrictions.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 2-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2019-06-13 - reported referred to rules [A07745 Detail]

Download: New_York-2019-A07745-Introduced.html

                STATE OF NEW YORK


                               2019-2020 Regular Sessions

                   IN ASSEMBLY

                                      May 17, 2019

        Introduced  by  M.  of A. GOTTFRIED, PAULIN -- read once and referred to
          the Committee on Health

        AN ACT to amend the public health law, in relation to retail clinics

          The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and  Assem-
        bly, do enact as follows:

     1    Section  1.  The  public health law is amended by adding a new section
     2  230-e to read as follows:
     3    § 230-e. Retail clinics. 1. As used in this section,  "retail  clinic"
     4  means a facility or portion of a facility that is operated by any entity
     5  that  is authorized under the laws of this state to provide professional
     6  services to the public and that provides health care services or  treat-
     7  ment  provided by a health care practitioner licensed, certified, regis-
     8  tered or authorized to practice under title eight of the education  law,
     9  acting  within  his or her lawful scope of practice, that:  (a) operates
    10  within the space of a retail business operation, such as a pharmacy or a
    11  store open to the general public; (b) is labeled, branded, advertised or
    12  marketed with the name or symbol of a retail business entity; or (c)  is
    13  labeled,  branded,  advertised  or marketed with the name or symbol of a
    14  business entity, other than a business entity that provides health  care
    15  services  or  treatment provided at the facility. However, a facility or
    16  portion of a facility shall not be deemed to be a retail  clinic  if  it
    17  ordinarily  is used only for providing health care services to employees
    18  of the retail business operation.  A facility shall not be deemed to  be
    19  a  retail  clinic  if  the  health care service under title eight of the
    20  education law it provides is limited to pharmacy or ophthalmic  dispens-
    21  ing  and  ophthalmologic  or  optometric services provided in connection
    22  with ophthalmic dispensing.
    23    2. The treatments and services that may be provided by a retail clinic
    24  shall be limited to the provision of treatment and services to  patients
    25  for  acute  episodic illness or condition; episodic preventive treatment
    26  and services such as immunizations; ophthalmic dispensing and ophthalmo-

         EXPLANATION--Matter in italics (underscored) is new; matter in brackets
                              [ ] is old law to be omitted.

        A. 7745                             2

     1  logic or optometric services  provided  in  connection  with  ophthalmic
     2  dispensing;  or  treatment  and services for minor injuries that are not
     3  reasonably likely to be life-threatening  or  potentially  disabling  or
     4  have  complications if ambulatory care within the capacity of the retail
     5  clinic is provided; but the treatments and services provided by a retail
     6  clinic shall not include  monitoring  or  treatment  and  services  over
     7  multiple visits over prolonged periods.
     8    3.  A retail clinic shall be deemed to be a "health care provider" for
     9  the purposes of title two-D of this article. A prescriber practicing  in
    10  a retail clinic shall not be deemed to be in the employ of a pharmacy or
    11  practicing  in  a  hospital  for  purposes of subdivision two of section
    12  sixty-eight hundred seven of the education law.
    13    4. (a) The commissioner shall make regulations  setting  forth  opera-
    14  tional  and  physical  plant  standards for retail clinics, which may be
    15  different from the regulations otherwise applicable  to  diagnostic  and
    16  treatment centers, including, but not limited to:
    17    (i) requiring that retail clinics attain and maintain accreditation by
    18  an  appropriate  accrediting  entity  approved  by  the commissioner and
    19  requiring timely reporting to the department if a  retail  clinic  loses
    20  its accreditation;
    21    (ii)  designating  or limiting the treatments and services that may be
    22  provided, including limiting the scope of  services  to  the  following,
    23  provided  that  such  services shall not include monitoring or treatment
    24  and services over multiple visits or prolonged periods:
    25    (A) the provision of treatment and  services  to  patients  for  minor
    26  acute episodic illnesses or conditions;
    27    (B)  episodic  prevention and wellness treatments and services such as
    28  immunizations;
    29    (C) ophthalmic dispensing and ophthalmologic  or  optometric  services
    30  provided in connection with ophthalmic dispensing;
    31    (D)  treatment and services for minor injuries that are not reasonably
    32  likely to be life threatening or potentially disabling or  have  compli-
    33  cations  if  ambulatory care within the capacity of the retail clinic is
    34  provided;
    35    (E) prohibiting the provision  of  services  to  patients  twenty-four
    36  months of age or younger;
    37    (iii)  requiring  retail clinics to accept walk-ins and offer extended
    38  business hours;
    39    (iv) setting forth guidelines for advertising and signage, which shall
    40  include  signage  indicating  that  prescriptions  and  over-the-counter
    41  supplies may be purchased by a patient from any business and do not need
    42  to be purchased on-site;
    43    (v)  setting  forth  guidelines  for informed consent, record keeping,
    44  referral for treatment and continuity of care,  case  reporting  to  the
    45  patient's   primary   care  or  other  health  care  providers,  design,
    46  construction, fixtures, and equipment.
    47    (b) Such regulations also shall promote and strengthen primary care by
    48  requiring retail clinics to:
    49    (i) inquire of each patient whether he  or  she  has  a  primary  care
    50  provider;
    51    (ii)  maintain  and  regularly  update  a  list  of local primary care
    52  providers and provide such list to each patient who indicates that he or
    53  she does not have a primary care provider.  Such  roster  (A)  shall  be
    54  drawn  from a list of primary care providers maintained and periodically
    55  updated by the department on its website (in searchable form)  including
    56  the  information  required  in clauses (B) and (C) of this subparagraph,

        A. 7745                             3

     1  located in the zip code area and adjacent zip code areas of  the  retail
     2  clinic,  and  may include additional primary care providers added by the
     3  retail clinic; (B) shall identify preferred providers who have  achieved
     4  recognition  as  a patient centered medical home (pcmh) or other similar
     5  designation and a description of what such designation  means;  and  (C)
     6  shall include federally qualified health centers and other providers who
     7  serve medicaid, low-income and uninsured patients, and people with disa-
     8  bilities  and  shall  identify cultural and linguistic capabilities when
     9  available;
    10    (iii) refer patients to their primary care providers or  other  health
    11  care providers where appropriate;
    12    (iv)  transmit  by  electronic  means  whenever  possible,  records of
    13  services to patients' primary care providers;
    14    (v) decline to treat any patient for the  same  condition  or  illness
    15  more than three times in a year; and
    16    (vi)  report  to the department relevant data, as may be deemed neces-
    17  sary by the  department,  related  to  services  provided  and  patients
    18  served,  provided that such reporting shall comply with all privacy laws
    19  related to patient data.
    20    (c) Retail clinics already in operation at the time this section takes
    21  effect must comply with accreditation requirements under  this  subdivi-
    22  sion within one year after the effective date of this section.
    23    (d)  The  department  shall  routinely review the compliance by retail
    24  clinics with the provisions of this section and if a retail clinic fails
    25  to comply with the provisions of this section,  or  regulations  adopted
    26  pursuant  to  this  section,  the department shall have the authority to
    27  take enforcement actions under title two of article one of this chapter.
    28    (e) In making regulations under this  section,  the  commissioner  may
    29  consult  with a workgroup including, but not limited to, representatives
    30  of health care consumers and representatives of  professional  societies
    31  of  appropriate  health  care  professionals, including those in primary
    32  care and other specialties.
    33    5. A retail clinic shall provide treatment without  discrimination  as
    34  to source of payment.
    35    6.  The  department shall provide an annual report which it shall make
    36  available on its website; the report shall include locations  of  retail
    37  clinics  in  the  state  and shall indicate which clinics are located in
    38  medically underserved areas; such report shall also include an  analysis
    39  as  to  whether  retail  clinics  have improved access to health care in
    40  underserved areas, recommendations related thereto and any other  infor-
    41  mation the department may deem necessary.
    42    7.  This section does not authorize any form of ownership or organiza-
    43  tion of a retail clinic or practice of any  profession  that  would  not
    44  otherwise  be  legal,  and  does not expand the scope of practice of any
    45  health care practitioner. Where any regulation under this section  would
    46  affect  the  scope of practice that may be provided in a retail clinic a
    47  health care practitioner licensed, registered, certified  or  authorized
    48  to practice under title eight of the education law, the regulation shall
    49  be made in consultation with the commissioner of education.
    50    8.  The host business entity of a retail clinic shall not, directly or
    51  indirectly, by contract, policy, communication, incentive or  otherwise,
    52  influence or seek to influence any clinical decision, policy or practice
    53  of any health care practitioner providing any health care service in the
    54  retail  clinic,  including prescribing or recommending drugs, devices or
    55  supplies. This subdivision shall not preclude the host  business  entity
    56  from  establishing,  consistent  with  this  section and applicable law,

        A. 7745                             4

     1  limitations on or requirements as to the scope of health  care  services
     2  to  be provided in the retail clinic or activities to assure maintaining
     3  quality standards of health care services.  As  used  in  this  section,
     4  "host  business  entity"  means any retail business organization, retail
     5  business entity or business entity within whose space the retail  clinic
     6  is  located  or  with whose name or symbol the retail clinic is labeled,
     7  branded, advertised or marketed.
     8    § 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after
     9  it shall have because a law. Effective immediately, the commissioner  of
    10  health  shall  make regulations and take other actions reasonably neces-
    11  sary to implement this act on that date.