Bill Text: NJ A4048 | 2018-2019 | Regular Session | Introduced


Bill Title: Requires certain licensed health care professionals and health care facilities to screen adolescents and young adults for symptoms of depression.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 5-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2018-05-24 - Introduced, Referred to Assembly Health and Senior Services Committee [A4048 Detail]

Download: New_Jersey-2018-A4048-Introduced.html

ASSEMBLY, No. 4048

STATE OF NEW JERSEY

218th LEGISLATURE

 

INTRODUCED MAY 24, 2018

 


 

Sponsored by:

Assemblywoman  YVONNE LOPEZ

District 19 (Middlesex)

 

 

 

 

SYNOPSIS

     Requires certain licensed health care professionals and health care facilities to screen adolescents and young adults for symptoms of depression.

 

CURRENT VERSION OF TEXT

     As introduced.

  


An Act concerning licensed health care professionals and health care facilities and supplementing Title 26 of the Revised Statutes.

 

     Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:

 

     1.    a.  A pediatrician, family practice physician, other health care professional licensed pursuant to Title 45 of the Revised Statues, or a health care facility that serves children and is licensed pursuant to P.L.1971, c.136 (C.26:2H-1 et seq.), as appropriate, shall screen each patient who is between the ages of 10 and 21 to whom the pediatrician, family practice physician, licensed health care professional, or facility provides health care services, for symptoms of depression and other depressive disorders.

     b.    The Commissioner of Health shall develop standards for the screening of patients pursuant to subsection a. of this section, in accordance with the Guidelines for the Management of Adolescent Depression in Primary Care developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

     The standards developed by the commissioner shall, at a minimum, provide for the:

     (1)   evaluation, identification, assessment, and diagnosis of patients at high risk for depression and other depressive disorders;

     (2)   education of, and advocacy for, families and patients about depression and other depressive disorders and treatment options for the management of such disorders;

     (3)   establishment of collaborative linkages between State, local, and community-based mental health agencies, peer support and advocacy groups, hospital-based mental health services, and pediatricians, family practice physicians, other licensed health care professionals, and health care facilities to ensure timely and effective access to needed services; and

     (4)   development of a safety plan, including an emergency communication mechanism for handling acute crises, to ensure that safety measures are in place for patients during the period of initial treatment when safety concerns are highest.

 

     2.    The Commissioner of Health shall adopt, pursuant to the "Administrative Procedure Act," P.L.1968, c.410 (C.52:14B-1 et seq.), rules and regulations necessary for the implementation of this act. 

 

     3.    This act shall take effect on the first day of the sixth month next following enactment.

STATEMENT

 

      This bill requires a pediatrician, family practice physician, other health care professional licensed pursuant to Title 45 of the Revised Statues, or a health care facility that serves children and is licensed pursuant to P.L.1971, c.136 (C.26:2H-1 et seq.), as appropriate, to screen each patient between the ages of 10 and 21 to whom the pediatrician, family practice physician, licensed health care professional, or facility provides health care services for symptoms of depression and other depressive disorders.

     The Commissioner of Health would be required to develop standards for the screening of such patients in accordance with the Guidelines for the Management of Adolescent Depression in Primary Care developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

     The standards developed by the commissioner would, at a minimum, provide for the: evaluation, identification, assessment, and diagnosis of patients at high risk for depression and other depressive disorders; education of, and advocacy for, families and patients about depression and other depressive disorders and treatment options for the management of such disorders; establishment of collaborative linkages between State, local, and community-based mental health agencies, peer support and advocacy groups, hospital-based mental health services and pediatricians, family practice physicians, other licensed health care professionals, and health care facilities to ensure timely and effective access to needed services; and development of a safety plan, including an emergency communication mechanism for handling acute crises, to ensure that safety measures are in place for patients during the period of initial treatment when safety concerns are highest.

     Major depression in adolescents and young adults is recognized as a serious psychiatric illness.  Research shows that only 50 percent of adolescents with depression are diagnosed before they reach adulthood, and even when diagnosed by a health care professional, a large number of depressed adolescents are not treated appropriately.

     The Guidelines for the Management of Adolescent Depression in Primary Care were developed by the American Academy of Pediatrics to assist health care professionals in the identification and management of depressed adolescents and young adults, and to develop a multi-faceted approach in providing treatment to those suffering from depression and other depressive disorders.

     This bill would require pediatricians, family practice physicians, other licensed health care professionals, and health care facilities to screen adolescents and young adults for symptoms of depression and other depressive disorders in a manner consistent with the guidelines established by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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