Bill Text: NH SB180 | 2013 | Regular Session | Introduced

NOTE: There are more recent revisions of this legislation. Read Latest Draft
Bill Title: Establishing a recovery fund for victims of the Financial Resources Mortgage (FRM) fraud and continually appropriating a special fund.

Spectrum: Bipartisan Bill

Status: (Engrossed - Dead) 2013-11-26 - Committee Report: Without Recomendation for Jan 8 (RC) [SB180 Detail]

Download: New_Hampshire-2013-SB180-Introduced.html

SB 180-FN-A – AS INTRODUCED

2013 SESSION

13-0916

01/10

SENATE BILL 180-FN-A

AN ACT establishing a restitution fund for victims of financial fraud and continually appropriating a special fund.

SPONSORS: Sen. D'Allesandro, Dist 20; Sen. Bragdon, Dist 11

COMMITTEE: Executive Departments and Administration

ANALYSIS

This bill establishes a process for restitution assistance for victims of financial fraud. Under this bill, the financial fraud restitution committee shall award assistance from the financial fraud restitution fund for such victims.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

13-0916

01/10

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Thirteen

AN ACT establishing a restitution fund for victims of financial fraud and continually appropriating a special fund.

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

1 New Chapter; Restitution Fund for Victims of Financial Fraud. Amend RSA by inserting after chapter 359-L the following new chapter:

CHAPTER 359-M

RESTITUTION FUND FOR VICTIMS OF FINANCIAL FRAUD

359-M:1 Definitions. In this chapter:

I. “Claimant” means a victim filing an application for restitution assistance under this chapter. The term includes:

(a) A named party in an award;

(b) The executor of a named party in an award; or

(c) The heirs and assigns of a named party in an award.

II. “Committee” means the financial fraud restitution committee established in RSA 359-M:4.

III. “Financial fraud” means an act of fraud by any financial institution or other person regulated or subject to regulation under RSA 358-A or by the banking department, the insurance department, or the secretary of state.

IV. “Financial institution” includes but is not limited to any entity that is regulated or subject to regulation by the:

(a) Bank commissioner under title XXXV or XXXVI.

(b) Insurance commissioner under title XXXVII.

(c) Secretary of state under RSA 421-B.

V. “Fund” means the financial fraud restitution fund established in RSA 359-M:2.

VI. “Out-of-pocket loss” means an amount equal to the amount of restitution ordered under any of the following:

(a) A final court order, determination, statement of findings, or similar disposition.

(b) A final administrative order, determination, statement of findings, or similar disposition.

VII. “Person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust where the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by a security, unincorporated organization, a government, political subdivision of a government, or any other entity.

VIII. “Victim” means an individual who suffers monetary injury as a result of financial fraud.

359-M:2 Fund Established.

I. There is hereby established the financial fraud restitution fund. The fund shall be nonlapsing and continually appropriated to the committee.

II. The fund shall consist of the following amounts:

(a) Moneys contributed by the department of justice, banking department, insurance department, and bureau of securities regulation which amount to 20 percent of all fines and penalties for financial fraud violations collected by each agency per annum; and

(b) Moneys appropriated by the general court.

III. The fund shall be used for awarding restitution assistance pursuant to this chapter and any administration costs of this chapter.

IV. If the fund is reduced below $100,000 by payment in full of all awards that become final in a month, payment shall be suspended of the claims that become final during such month and the following 2 months. At the end of the suspension period, the suspended claims shall be paid; provided, that if the fund becomes exhausted, the amount paid to each claimant shall be prorated.

359-M:3 Eligibility for Restitution Assistance.

I. Restitution assistance shall not be awarded under this chapter unless:

(a) The financial fraud was adjudicated or otherwise determined or ordered in a state or federal court or a regulatory agency administrative proceeding;

(b) A final order has been entered ordering restitution to the victim in a proceeding described in subparagraph (a); and

(c) The party ordered to pay restitution has not paid the full amount.

II. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the following persons shall be eligible for restitution assistance under this chapter:

(a) A resident of New Hampshire who is a victim of a financial fraud committed in:

(1) New Hampshire; or

(2) A jurisdiction other than New Hampshire, including a foreign country, if the jurisdiction in which the financial fraud occurred does not offer to New Hampshire residents who are victims of financial fraud in that jurisdiction assistance that is substantially similar to the assistance offered under this chapter.

(b) A nonresident of New Hampshire who is a victim of financial fraud committed in New Hampshire.

(c) A surviving spouse or dependent child of a victim described in subparagraph (a) or (b).

(d) Any other person legally dependent for principal support upon a victim described in subparagraph (a) or (b).

359-M:4 Committee Established.

I. There is established the financial fraud restitution fund committee. The committee shall consist of the following members:

(a) The commissioner of the banking department, or designee.

(b) The commissioner of the insurance department, or designee.

(c) The attorney general, or designee.

(d) The secretary of state, or designee.

II. The first meeting of the committee shall be held within 45 days of the effective date of this section and shall be called by the secretary of state or designee, who shall initially serve as chairperson of the committee. Thereafter, annually the committee chairperson shall be chosen from the department that in the previous fiscal year contributed the most moneys to the fund.

III. The committee shall review applications for assistance submitted pursuant to this chapter and make awards of assistance in accordance with the procedures of this chapter.

IV. In the event of a tie vote on any matter, the chairperson’s vote shall break the tie.

V. The committee shall make an annual report, beginning on November 1, 2012, relative to its work to the governor, president of the senate, and the speaker of the house of representatives.

359-M:5 Restitution Assistance.

I. A person eligible for restitution assistance under RSA 359-M:3 may file an application for restitution assistance with the committee.

II. The application shall be received not more than 180 days after the date of the order. An extension of time may be granted for good cause shown by the claimant. However, an application that is received more than 2 years after the date of the final order shall not be accepted.

III. All applications filed in compliance with this chapter shall be accepted. Processing of an application shall begin upon receipt of a complete application. All applications shall be reviewed by the committee to ensure that the applications are complete. If an application is not complete, it shall be returned to the claimant with a brief statement of the additional information required. The application shall be denied if the applicant does not furnish additional information or additional time is not granted for good cause.

IV. Each claimant shall produce a copy of a court order or an administrative order that demonstrates that restitution has been awarded to the claimant.

V. An award under this chapter shall not exceed the lesser of the following:

(a) $500,000.

(b) 50 percent of the amount of the out-of-pocket loss.

VI. Regardless of the number of claims or claimants involved, payments for claims shall be limited in the aggregate to $5,000,000 against any one financial institution or its representative. If the total claims exceed the aggregate limit of $5,000,000, the payment shall be prorated based upon the ratio that the person’s claim bears to the total claims filed.

VII. Individual claims filed by persons owning the same joint account, or claims stemming from any other type of account maintained by a particular financial company on which more than one name appears, shall be treated as the claims of one eligible claimant with respect to payment from the fund.

VIII. If a claimant who has obtained a judgment which qualifies for disbursement under this chapter has maintained more than one account with the financial institution or its representative that is the subject of the claims, for purposes of disbursements from the fund, all such accounts, whether joint or individual, shall be considered as one account and shall entitle such claimant to only one distribution from the fund not to exceed the amounts prescribed under subparagraph V(a) or (b).

IX. To the extent that a claimant obtains more than one judgment against a financial institution or its representative, arising out of the same transactions, occurrences, or conduct or out of the financial institution’s or representative’s handling of the claimant account, such judgments shall be consolidated for purposes of this chapter and shall entitle the claimant to only one disbursement from the fund not to exceed the amounts prescribed under subparagraph V(a) or (b).

359-M:6 Awards of Restitution Assistance on Appeal.

I. Restitution assistance shall not be awarded under this chapter on behalf of a victim whose award of restitution under a court or administrative order is pending an appeal or overturned on appeal.

II. If restitution assistance is awarded under this chapter and after such award of restitution assistance, the victim’s award of restitution under a court or administrative order is overturned on appeal, the claimant shall forfeit the restitution assistance received under this chapter.

III. If an award is made under this chapter and a claimant receives a sum required to be deducted under subparagraph V(c) the claimant shall refund to the state the amount of overpayment.

IV. The state is subrogated to the rights of the person awarded restitution under this chapter to the extent of the award. The subrogation rights shall be against the person who committed the financial fraud or a person liable for the pecuniary loss.

V.(a) In addition to the subrogation rights under paragraph IV, the state shall be entitled to a lien in the amount of the award on a recovery made by or on behalf of the victim.

(b) The state may:

(1) Recover the amount under subparagraph (a) in a separate action; or

(2) Intervene in an action brought by or on behalf of the victim.

(c) If a claimant brings an action described in subparagraph (b)(2), the claimant may deduct from the money owed to the state under the lien, the state’s pro rata share of the reasonable expenses for the court suit, including attorney’s fees. The amount the claimant deducts for the state’s pro rata share of the expenses shall not be more than 15 percent of the money owed under the lien.

VI. The amount of any award made under this chapter shall be set off against any other recovery sources, including but not limited to awards from private suits, arbitration, or other sources of recovery.

359-M:7 Restitution Assistance Prohibited.

I.(a) Subject to paragraph II, restitution assistance shall not be awarded if the victim:

(1) Sustained the monetary injury as a result of participating or assisting in or attempting to commit or committing financial fraud; or

(2) Profited or would have profited from the financial fraud.

(b) If the victim is a dependent child or dependent parent of the person who commits financial fraud, restitution assistance may be awarded if justice requires.

II. An award of restitution assistance under this chapter shall be denied if a court or administrative order does not contain an award of restitution to the victim.

III.(a) In determining the amount of restitution assistance to award under this chapter, a determination shall be made of whether a victim contributed to the infliction of the victim’s monetary injury.

(b) If it is found that the victim contributed to the infliction of the victim’s monetary injury, an award of restitution assistance may be denied.

359-M:8 Award Not Subject to Other Processes. An award made under this chapter shall not be subject to execution, attachment, garnishment, or other process. A claimant convicted of forgery, fraud, or deception in connection with a claim under this chapter shall forfeit an award paid to the claimant under this chapter. The attorney general may file a civil action to recover funds against such a claimant.

359-M:9 Rulemaking. The commissioners of the banking department and the insurance department, with input from the attorney general and the secretary of state, shall jointly adopt rules pursuant to RSA 541-A, relative to:

I. The application process for the awards made pursuant to the chapter.

II. Content and format of all forms required under this chapter.

III. The manner in which moneys are distributed from the fund established in RSA 359-M:2.

359-M:10 Liability of State. The state shall not be liable for any written determination made under this chapter except to the extent that money is available in the fund on the date the award is computed.

359-M:11 Claims Prior to January 1, 2006. Claims for restitution assistance shall not be accepted for any losses that occurred prior to January 1, 2006 due to financial fraud.

2 New Subparagraph; Financial Fraud Restitution Fund. Amend RSA 6:12, I(b) by inserting after subparagraph (310) the following new subparagraph:

(311) Moneys deposited under the financial fraud restitution fund, established in RSA 359-M:2.

3 Effective Date. This act shall take effect 60 days after its passage.

LBAO

13-0916

02/04/13

SB 180-FN-A – FISCAL NOTE

AN ACT establishing a restitution fund for victims of financial fraud and continually appropriating a special fund.

FISCAL IMPACT:

The Office of Legislative Budget Assistant is unable to complete a fiscal note for this bill, as introduced, as it is awaiting information from the Department of State. When completed, the fiscal note will be forwarded to the Senate Clerk's Office.

feedback