Bill Text: MI SB0436 | 2021-2022 | 101st Legislature | Introduced


Bill Title: Health: controlled substances; drug fatality review teams; allow county medical examiners and county health officers to establish. Amends title & secs. 1c & 3 of 1953 PA 181 (MCL 52.201c & 52.203).

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 8-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2021-05-12 - Referred To Committee On Health Policy And Human Services [SB0436 Detail]

Download: Michigan-2021-SB0436-Introduced.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SENATE BILL NO. 436

May 12, 2021, Introduced by Senators MCCANN, BAYER, WOJNO, GEISS, CHANG, POLEHANKI, BULLOCK and BRINKS and referred to the Committee on Health Policy and Human Services.

A bill to amend 1953 PA 181, entitled

"An act relative to investigations in certain instances of the causes of death within this state due to violence, negligence or other act or omission of a criminal nature or to protect public health; to provide for the taking of statements from injured persons under certain circumstances; to abolish the office of coroner and to create the office of county medical examiner in certain counties; to prescribe the powers and duties of county medical examiners; to prescribe penalties for violations of the provisions of this act; and to prescribe a referendum thereon,"

by amending the title and sections 1c and 3 (MCL 52.201c and 52.203), sections 1c and 3 as amended by 2012 PA 171.

the people of the state of michigan enact:

TITLE

An act relative to investigations in certain instances of the causes of death within this state due to violence, negligence or other act or omission of a criminal nature or to protect public health; to provide for the taking of statements from injured persons under certain circumstances; to abolish the office of coroner and to create the office of county medical examiner in certain counties; to prescribe the powers and duties of county medical examiners and other state and local governmental officers and entities; to prescribe penalties for violations of the provisions of this act; and to prescribe a referendum thereon.

Sec. 1c. (1) The county medical examiner is in charge of the office of the county medical examiner and may promulgate rules relative to the conduct of that office. The county medical examiner may delegate any functions of that office to a duly appointed deputy county medical examiner if the deputy county medical examiner is a licensed physician. If the deputy county medical examiner is not a licensed physician, his or her functions are limited as provided by law.

(2) The county medical examiner may establish an elderly and vulnerable adult death review team. The county medical examiner may develop protocols to be used by the elderly and vulnerable adult death review team in conducting a review of the matter. If established, the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner, physicians and other health care professionals specializing in geriatric medicine, physicians and other health care professionals employed by long-term care facilities, members of relevant state and local law enforcement agencies, the county prosecutor's office, and members representing the department of health and human services who are involved with issues regarding adult protective services, adult foster care homes, and homes for the aged shall be are allowed to participate on the elderly and vulnerable adult death review team. The elderly and vulnerable adult death review team may allow participation by others as designated by the team, including, but not limited to, members representing the long-term care ombudsman program, community mental health, and the department of licensing and regulatory affairs who are involved with the licensing and regulation of long-term care facilities.

(3) The county medical examiner or county health officer may establish a drug-fatality review team. The county medical examiner or county health officer may develop protocols to be used by the drug-fatality review team in conducting a review of the matter. If established, the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner, medical examiner investigators, county health officer, physicians and other health care professionals specializing in forensic pathology and forensic toxicology, emergency medical services personnel, members of relevant state and local law enforcement agencies, the county prosecutor's office, and members representing substance use disorder services programs and mental health providers are allowed to participate on the drug-fatality review team. The drug-fatality review team may allow participation by others as designated by the team. As used in this subsection, "county health officer" means a local health officer as that term is defined in section 1105 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.1105.

Sec. 3. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a physician, an individual in charge of any hospital or institution, or any other individual who has first knowledge of any of the following shall immediately notify the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner of that fact:

(a) An individual who died suddenly, unexpectedly, accidentally, violently, or as the result of any suspicious circumstances.

(b) An individual who died without medical attendance during the 48 hours prior to before the hour of death unless the attending physician, if any, is able to determine accurately the cause of death.

(c) An individual who died as the result of what is commonly known as an abortion, whether self-induced or otherwise.

(2) If the physician, individual in charge of any hospital or institution, or other individual who has first knowledge of the death of an individual as described under subsection (1) has knowledge that there were 2 or more individuals involved in the same incident who were approximately the same age, sex, height, weight, hair color, eye color, and race, then he or she shall make the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner aware of that fact and whether or not any of those individuals survived that incident when notifying the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner of the death as required under subsection (1). If any of those individuals survived, the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner shall must also be informed which hospital or institution those individuals were taken to and the hospital or institution shall must also be made aware that the incident involved 2 or more individuals with similar attributes.

(3) If a physician, an individual in charge of any hospital or institution, or other individual with knowledge of the death of an individual as described under subsection (1) has knowledge that the death has already been reported to the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner under subsection (1), the physician, individual in charge of any hospital or institution, or other individual is not required to notify the county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner of the death under subsection (1).

(4) If an elderly and vulnerable adult death review team is established under section 1c, a county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner who receives notice of a death of an elderly or vulnerable adult who died unexpectedly or under suspicious circumstances may refer the case to the elderly and vulnerable adult death review team. Upon On receipt of a referral under this subsection, the elderly and vulnerable adult death review team shall conduct a review of this matter. Information obtained under this subsection by an elderly and vulnerable adult death review team established under section 1c is confidential and may be disclosed by the elderly and vulnerable adult death review team only to the county medical examiner, the county prosecutor's office, local law enforcement, or another elder death review team, as appropriate. The information obtained under this subsection by an elderly and vulnerable adult death review team established under section 1c is exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(5) If a drug-fatality review team is established under section 1c, a county medical examiner or deputy county medical examiner who receives notice of a death of an individual who died as a result of a drug overdose or suspected drug overdose may refer the case to the drug-fatality review team. On receipt of a referral under this subsection, the drug-fatality review team shall conduct a review of this matter. Information obtained under this subsection by the drug-fatality review team established under section 1c is confidential and may be disclosed by the drug-fatality review team only to the county medical examiner or another drug-fatality review team, as appropriate. The information obtained under this subsection by a drug-fatality review team established under section 1c is exempt from disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

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