Bill Sponsors: IN SB0535 | 2019 | Regular Session

Bill Title: Extraterritorial powers of municipalities. Repeals the general authority of a city or town (municipality) to regulate conduct or property use endangering public health, safety, and welfare within four miles outside of its municipal boundaries and provides that the repeal: (1) does not void such an ordinance or resolution adopted before January 1, 2019, or prevent the validity of such an ordinance or resolution from being challenged in a legal proceeding; and (2) voids such an ordinance or resolution adopted after December 31, 2018. Repeals the general authority of a municipality to: (1) impose restrictions upon persons or animals in order to prevent injury or disease; and (2) capture and destroy animals; within four miles outside its boundaries. Voids any such ordinances or resolutions adopted by a municipality before July 1, 2019. Provides that a municipality may only exercise eminent domain within the municipality unless a statute expressly provides otherwise. Eliminates the express authority of a municipal park board to acquire property outside its boundaries by eminent domain. Provides that a municipal airport board may exercise eminent domain: (1) within four miles outside its municipal boundaries; and (2) more than four miles outside its municipal boundaries in order to acquire land contiguous to an airport that existed on January 1, 2019. Repeals the general authority of a municipality to do the following with regard to watercourses located within 10 miles outside the municipal boundaries: (1) Change the channel of, dam, dredge, remove an obstruction in, straighten, and widen a watercourse. (2) Regulate the taking of water, or causing or permitting water to escape, from a watercourse. (3) Regulate conduct that might alter the temperature of water, or affect the flow of water, in a watercourse. (4) Regulate the introduction of any substance into a watercourse or onto its banks. (5) Purify the water in a watercourse. Provides that the repeal of the powers in (1) through (5) regarding watercourses: (1) voids any municipal ordinances or resolutions adopted before July 1, 2019, that exercise those powers; (2) does not affect a municipality's ability to take water from a watercourse within the 10 mile area outside its boundaries; and (3) does not affect a municipality's authority under these sections with regard to a municipal park existing on June 30, 2019, that is located within 10 miles outside the municipal boundaries. Allows a municipality to continue to exercise eminent domain to acquire property outside its boundaries, if it has reached a specified point in the eminent domain proceedings on January 1, 2019. Provides that for comprehensive plans that were initially adopted before July 1, 2019, if the municipal plan commission provided in its comprehensive plan for the development of a contiguous unincorporated area, the municipal plan commission may continue to exercise territorial jurisdiction over that area unless the jurisdiction of the municipal plan commission is terminated as provided by law. Provides that for comprehensive plans that are initially adopted after June 30, 2019: (1) If the municipality is located in a county that has not adopted a comprehensive plan covering the contiguous unincorporated area and the municipality is providing municipal services to the contiguous unincorporated area, the municipal plan commission may exercise territorial jurisdiction over that area by filing certain notices. (2) If the municipality is located in a county that has adopted a comprehensive plan and ordinance covering the contiguous unincorporated area, the municipal plan commission may exercise territorial jurisdiction over that area only if it obtains the approval of the county legislative body of each affected county. Provides that the power to aid, maintain, and operate public parks, playgrounds, and recreation facilities and programs may be exercised by a municipality with regard to a municipal park located within 10 miles outside the boundaries of the municipality that exists on June 30, 2019.

Spectrum: Moderate Partisan Bill (Republican 7-1)

Status: (Passed) 2019-05-06 - Public Law 277 [SB0535 Detail]

Text: Latest bill text (Enrolled) [PDF]

Sponsors

NameTypeSponsorshipDistrictFinancialEncyclopediaBiography
Senator Philip Boots [R]PrimarySponsored BillsSD-023FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Senator James Buck [R]PrimarySponsored BillsSD-021FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Senator Rick Niemeyer [R]PrimarySponsored BillsSD-006FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Representative Steven Davisson [R]PrimarySponsored BillsHD-073FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Representative Doug Gutwein [R]PrimarySponsored BillsHD-016FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Representative Doug Miller [R]PrimarySponsored BillsHD-048FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Representative Christy Stutzman [R]PrimarySponsored BillsHD-049FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart
Representative Terry Goodin [D]PrimarySponsored BillsHD-066FollowTheMoneyBallotpediaVoteSmart

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