Bill Text: IL SB0687 | 2019-2020 | 101st General Assembly | Chaptered


Bill Title: Amends the Small Business Job Creation Tax Credit Act. Makes a technical change in a Section concerning the short title.

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Democrat 5-0)

Status: (Passed) 2019-06-05 - Public Act . . . . . . . . . 101-0008 [SB0687 Detail]

Download: Illinois-2019-SB0687-Chaptered.html



Public Act 101-0008
SB0687 EnrolledLRB101 04448 HLH 49456 b
AN ACT concerning revenue.
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
represented in the General Assembly:
Section 5. The Illinois Income Tax Act is amended by
changing Sections 201, 208, 502, and 901 and by adding Sections
201.1 and 229 as follows:
(35 ILCS 5/201) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-201)
Sec. 201. Tax imposed.
(a) In general. A tax measured by net income is hereby
imposed on every individual, corporation, trust and estate for
each taxable year ending after July 31, 1969 on the privilege
of earning or receiving income in or as a resident of this
State. Such tax shall be in addition to all other occupation or
privilege taxes imposed by this State or by any municipal
corporation or political subdivision thereof.
(b) Rates. The tax imposed by subsection (a) of this
Section shall be determined as follows, except as adjusted by
subsection (d-1):
(1) In the case of an individual, trust or estate, for
taxable years ending prior to July 1, 1989, an amount equal
to 2 1/2% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable
year.
(2) In the case of an individual, trust or estate, for
taxable years beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending
after June 30, 1989, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 2
1/2% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to
July 1, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3, and (ii)
3% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after June
30, 1989, as calculated under Section 202.3.
(3) In the case of an individual, trust or estate, for
taxable years beginning after June 30, 1989, and ending
prior to January 1, 2011, an amount equal to 3% of the
taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(4) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate, for
taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2011, and
ending after December 31, 2010, an amount equal to the sum
of (i) 3% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior
to January 1, 2011, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after
December 31, 2010, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(5) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate, for
taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2011, and
ending prior to January 1, 2015, an amount equal to 5% of
the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(5.1) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2015, and
ending after December 31, 2014, an amount equal to the sum
of (i) 5% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior
to January 1, 2015, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the period
after December 31, 2014, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(5.2) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015,
and ending prior to July 1, 2017, an amount equal to 3.75%
of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(5.3) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning prior to July 1, 2017, and
ending after June 30, 2017, an amount equal to the sum of
(i) 3.75% of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior
to July 1, 2017, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 4.95% of the taxpayer's net income for the period
after June 30, 2017, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(5.4) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning on or after July 1, 2017 and
beginning prior to January 1, 2021, an amount equal to
4.95% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(5.5) In the case of an individual, trust, or estate,
for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2021, an
amount calculated under the rate structure set forth in
Section 201.1.
(6) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
ending prior to July 1, 1989, an amount equal to 4% of the
taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
(7) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to July 1, 1989 and ending after June 30,
1989, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 4% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period prior to July 1, 1989,
as calculated under Section 202.3, and (ii) 4.8% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period after June 30, 1989,
as calculated under Section 202.3.
(8) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning after June 30, 1989, and ending prior to January
1, 2011, an amount equal to 4.8% of the taxpayer's net
income for the taxable year.
(9) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to January 1, 2011, and ending after
December 31, 2010, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 4.8%
of the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to
January 1, 2011, as calculated under Section 202.5, and
(ii) 7% of the taxpayer's net income for the period after
December 31, 2010, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(10) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after January 1, 2011, and ending prior to
January 1, 2015, an amount equal to 7% of the taxpayer's
net income for the taxable year.
(11) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to January 1, 2015, and ending after
December 31, 2014, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 7% of
the taxpayer's net income for the period prior to January
1, 2015, as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 5.25%
of the taxpayer's net income for the period after December
31, 2014, as calculated under Section 202.5.
(12) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after January 1, 2015, and ending prior to
July 1, 2017, an amount equal to 5.25% of the taxpayer's
net income for the taxable year.
(13) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning prior to July 1, 2017, and ending after June 30,
2017, an amount equal to the sum of (i) 5.25% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period prior to July 1, 2017,
as calculated under Section 202.5, and (ii) 7% of the
taxpayer's net income for the period after June 30, 2017,
as calculated under Section 202.5.
(14) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after July 1, 2017 and beginning prior to
January 1, 2021, an amount equal to 7% of the taxpayer's
net income for the taxable year.
(15) In the case of a corporation, for taxable years
beginning on or after January 1, 2021, an amount equal to
7.99% of the taxpayer's net income for the taxable year.
The rates under this subsection (b) are subject to the
provisions of Section 201.5.
(c) Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax.
Beginning on July 1, 1979 and thereafter, in addition to such
income tax, there is also hereby imposed the Personal Property
Tax Replacement Income Tax measured by net income on every
corporation (including Subchapter S corporations), partnership
and trust, for each taxable year ending after June 30, 1979.
Such taxes are imposed on the privilege of earning or receiving
income in or as a resident of this State. The Personal Property
Tax Replacement Income Tax shall be in addition to the income
tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section and in
addition to all other occupation or privilege taxes imposed by
this State or by any municipal corporation or political
subdivision thereof.
(d) Additional Personal Property Tax Replacement Income
Tax Rates. The personal property tax replacement income tax
imposed by this subsection and subsection (c) of this Section
in the case of a corporation, other than a Subchapter S
corporation and except as adjusted by subsection (d-1), shall
be an additional amount equal to 2.85% of such taxpayer's net
income for the taxable year, except that beginning on January
1, 1981, and thereafter, the rate of 2.85% specified in this
subsection shall be reduced to 2.5%, and in the case of a
partnership, trust or a Subchapter S corporation shall be an
additional amount equal to 1.5% of such taxpayer's net income
for the taxable year.
(d-1) Rate reduction for certain foreign insurers. In the
case of a foreign insurer, as defined by Section 35A-5 of the
Illinois Insurance Code, whose state or country of domicile
imposes on insurers domiciled in Illinois a retaliatory tax
(excluding any insurer whose premiums from reinsurance assumed
are 50% or more of its total insurance premiums as determined
under paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 304, except
that for purposes of this determination premiums from
reinsurance do not include premiums from inter-affiliate
reinsurance arrangements), beginning with taxable years ending
on or after December 31, 1999, the sum of the rates of tax
imposed by subsections (b) and (d) shall be reduced (but not
increased) to the rate at which the total amount of tax imposed
under this Act, net of all credits allowed under this Act,
shall equal (i) the total amount of tax that would be imposed
on the foreign insurer's net income allocable to Illinois for
the taxable year by such foreign insurer's state or country of
domicile if that net income were subject to all income taxes
and taxes measured by net income imposed by such foreign
insurer's state or country of domicile, net of all credits
allowed or (ii) a rate of zero if no such tax is imposed on such
income by the foreign insurer's state of domicile. For the
purposes of this subsection (d-1), an inter-affiliate includes
a mutual insurer under common management.
(1) For the purposes of subsection (d-1), in no event
shall the sum of the rates of tax imposed by subsections
(b) and (d) be reduced below the rate at which the sum of:
(A) the total amount of tax imposed on such foreign
insurer under this Act for a taxable year, net of all
credits allowed under this Act, plus
(B) the privilege tax imposed by Section 409 of the
Illinois Insurance Code, the fire insurance company
tax imposed by Section 12 of the Fire Investigation
Act, and the fire department taxes imposed under
Section 11-10-1 of the Illinois Municipal Code,
equals 1.25% for taxable years ending prior to December 31,
2003, or 1.75% for taxable years ending on or after
December 31, 2003, of the net taxable premiums written for
the taxable year, as described by subsection (1) of Section
409 of the Illinois Insurance Code. This paragraph will in
no event increase the rates imposed under subsections (b)
and (d).
(2) Any reduction in the rates of tax imposed by this
subsection shall be applied first against the rates imposed
by subsection (b) and only after the tax imposed by
subsection (a) net of all credits allowed under this
Section other than the credit allowed under subsection (i)
has been reduced to zero, against the rates imposed by
subsection (d).
This subsection (d-1) is exempt from the provisions of
Section 250.
(e) Investment credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit
against the Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax for
investment in qualified property.
(1) A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit equal to .5%
of the basis of qualified property placed in service during
the taxable year, provided such property is placed in
service on or after July 1, 1984. There shall be allowed an
additional credit equal to .5% of the basis of qualified
property placed in service during the taxable year,
provided such property is placed in service on or after
July 1, 1986, and the taxpayer's base employment within
Illinois has increased by 1% or more over the preceding
year as determined by the taxpayer's employment records
filed with the Illinois Department of Employment Security.
Taxpayers who are new to Illinois shall be deemed to have
met the 1% growth in base employment for the first year in
which they file employment records with the Illinois
Department of Employment Security. The provisions added to
this Section by Public Act 85-1200 (and restored by Public
Act 87-895) shall be construed as declaratory of existing
law and not as a new enactment. If, in any year, the
increase in base employment within Illinois over the
preceding year is less than 1%, the additional credit shall
be limited to that percentage times a fraction, the
numerator of which is .5% and the denominator of which is
1%, but shall not exceed .5%. The investment credit shall
not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a
taxpayer's liability in any tax year below zero, nor may
any credit for qualified property be allowed for any year
other than the year in which the property was placed in
service in Illinois. For tax years ending on or after
December 31, 1987, and on or before December 31, 1988, the
credit shall be allowed for the tax year in which the
property is placed in service, or, if the amount of the
credit exceeds the tax liability for that year, whether it
exceeds the original liability or the liability as later
amended, such excess may be carried forward and applied to
the tax liability of the 5 taxable years following the
excess credit years if the taxpayer (i) makes investments
which cause the creation of a minimum of 2,000 full-time
equivalent jobs in Illinois, (ii) is located in an
enterprise zone established pursuant to the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act and (iii) is certified by the
Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now
Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity) as
complying with the requirements specified in clause (i) and
(ii) by July 1, 1986. The Department of Commerce and
Community Affairs (now Department of Commerce and Economic
Opportunity) shall notify the Department of Revenue of all
such certifications immediately. For tax years ending
after December 31, 1988, the credit shall be allowed for
the tax year in which the property is placed in service,
or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax liability
for that year, whether it exceeds the original liability or
the liability as later amended, such excess may be carried
forward and applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable
years following the excess credit years. The credit shall
be applied to the earliest year for which there is a
liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year
that is available to offset a liability, earlier credit
shall be applied first.
(2) The term "qualified property" means property
which:
(A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
buildings and structural components of buildings and
signs that are real property, but not including land or
improvements to real property that are not a structural
component of a building such as landscaping, sewer
lines, local access roads, fencing, parking lots, and
other appurtenances;
(B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property"
as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not
eligible for the credit provided by this subsection
(e);
(C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(D) is used in Illinois by a taxpayer who is
primarily engaged in manufacturing, or in mining coal
or fluorite, or in retailing, or was placed in service
on or after July 1, 2006 in a River Edge Redevelopment
Zone established pursuant to the River Edge
Redevelopment Zone Act; and
(E) has not previously been used in Illinois in
such a manner and by such a person as would qualify for
the credit provided by this subsection (e) or
subsection (f).
(3) For purposes of this subsection (e),
"manufacturing" means the material staging and production
of tangible personal property by procedures commonly
regarded as manufacturing, processing, fabrication, or
assembling which changes some existing material into new
shapes, new qualities, or new combinations. For purposes of
this subsection (e) the term "mining" shall have the same
meaning as the term "mining" in Section 613(c) of the
Internal Revenue Code. For purposes of this subsection (e),
the term "retailing" means the sale of tangible personal
property for use or consumption and not for resale, or
services rendered in conjunction with the sale of tangible
personal property for use or consumption and not for
resale. For purposes of this subsection (e), "tangible
personal property" has the same meaning as when that term
is used in the Retailers' Occupation Tax Act, and, for
taxable years ending after December 31, 2008, does not
include the generation, transmission, or distribution of
electricity.
(4) The basis of qualified property shall be the basis
used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal
income tax purposes.
(5) If the basis of the property for federal income tax
depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed
in service in Illinois by the taxpayer, the amount of such
increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the
date of such increase in basis.
(6) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(7) If during any taxable year, any property ceases to
be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within
48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of
any qualified property is moved outside Illinois within 48
months after being placed in service, the Personal Property
Tax Replacement Income Tax for such taxable year shall be
increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i)
recomputing the investment credit which would have been
allowed for the year in which credit for such property was
originally allowed by eliminating such property from such
computation and, (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit
from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the
purposes of this paragraph (7), a reduction of the basis of
qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the
purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified
property to the extent of such reduction.
(8) Unless the investment credit is extended by law,
the basis of qualified property shall not include costs
incurred after December 31, 2018, except for costs incurred
pursuant to a binding contract entered into on or before
December 31, 2018.
(9) Each taxable year ending before December 31, 2000,
a partnership may elect to pass through to its partners the
credits to which the partnership is entitled under this
subsection (e) for the taxable year. A partner may use the
credit allocated to him or her under this paragraph only
against the tax imposed in subsections (c) and (d) of this
Section. If the partnership makes that election, those
credits shall be allocated among the partners in the
partnership in accordance with the rules set forth in
Section 704(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the rules
promulgated under that Section, and the allocated amount of
the credits shall be allowed to the partners for that
taxable year. The partnership shall make this election on
its Personal Property Tax Replacement Income Tax return for
that taxable year. The election to pass through the credits
shall be irrevocable.
For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2000,
a partner that qualifies its partnership for a subtraction
under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (2) of subsection (d)
of Section 203 or a shareholder that qualifies a Subchapter
S corporation for a subtraction under subparagraph (S) of
paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 203 shall be
allowed a credit under this subsection (e) equal to its
share of the credit earned under this subsection (e) during
the taxable year by the partnership or Subchapter S
corporation, determined in accordance with the
determination of income and distributive share of income
under Sections 702 and 704 and Subchapter S of the Internal
Revenue Code. This paragraph is exempt from the provisions
of Section 250.
(f) Investment credit; Enterprise Zone; River Edge
Redevelopment Zone.
(1) A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the
tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for
investment in qualified property which is placed in service
in an Enterprise Zone created pursuant to the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act or, for property placed in service on
or after July 1, 2006, a River Edge Redevelopment Zone
established pursuant to the River Edge Redevelopment Zone
Act. For partners, shareholders of Subchapter S
corporations, and owners of limited liability companies,
if the liability company is treated as a partnership for
purposes of federal and State income taxation, there shall
be allowed a credit under this subsection (f) to be
determined in accordance with the determination of income
and distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704
and Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code. The credit
shall be .5% of the basis for such property. The credit
shall be available only in the taxable year in which the
property is placed in service in the Enterprise Zone or
River Edge Redevelopment Zone and shall not be allowed to
the extent that it would reduce a taxpayer's liability for
the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section
to below zero. For tax years ending on or after December
31, 1985, the credit shall be allowed for the tax year in
which the property is placed in service, or, if the amount
of the credit exceeds the tax liability for that year,
whether it exceeds the original liability or the liability
as later amended, such excess may be carried forward and
applied to the tax liability of the 5 taxable years
following the excess credit year. The credit shall be
applied to the earliest year for which there is a
liability. If there is credit from more than one tax year
that is available to offset a liability, the credit
accruing first in time shall be applied first.
(2) The term qualified property means property which:
(A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
buildings and structural components of buildings;
(B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property"
as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not
eligible for the credit provided by this subsection
(f);
(C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(D) is used in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge
Redevelopment Zone by the taxpayer; and
(E) has not been previously used in Illinois in
such a manner and by such a person as would qualify for
the credit provided by this subsection (f) or
subsection (e).
(3) The basis of qualified property shall be the basis
used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal
income tax purposes.
(4) If the basis of the property for federal income tax
depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed
in service in the Enterprise Zone or River Edge
Redevelopment Zone by the taxpayer, the amount of such
increase shall be deemed property placed in service on the
date of such increase in basis.
(5) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) If during any taxable year, any property ceases to
be qualified property in the hands of the taxpayer within
48 months after being placed in service, or the situs of
any qualified property is moved outside the Enterprise Zone
or River Edge Redevelopment Zone within 48 months after
being placed in service, the tax imposed under subsections
(a) and (b) of this Section for such taxable year shall be
increased. Such increase shall be determined by (i)
recomputing the investment credit which would have been
allowed for the year in which credit for such property was
originally allowed by eliminating such property from such
computation, and (ii) subtracting such recomputed credit
from the amount of credit previously allowed. For the
purposes of this paragraph (6), a reduction of the basis of
qualified property resulting from a redetermination of the
purchase price shall be deemed a disposition of qualified
property to the extent of such reduction.
(7) There shall be allowed an additional credit equal
to 0.5% of the basis of qualified property placed in
service during the taxable year in a River Edge
Redevelopment Zone, provided such property is placed in
service on or after July 1, 2006, and the taxpayer's base
employment within Illinois has increased by 1% or more over
the preceding year as determined by the taxpayer's
employment records filed with the Illinois Department of
Employment Security. Taxpayers who are new to Illinois
shall be deemed to have met the 1% growth in base
employment for the first year in which they file employment
records with the Illinois Department of Employment
Security. If, in any year, the increase in base employment
within Illinois over the preceding year is less than 1%,
the additional credit shall be limited to that percentage
times a fraction, the numerator of which is 0.5% and the
denominator of which is 1%, but shall not exceed 0.5%.
(g) (Blank).
(h) Investment credit; High Impact Business.
(1) Subject to subsections (b) and (b-5) of Section 5.5
of the Illinois Enterprise Zone Act, a taxpayer shall be
allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) of this Section for investment in qualified
property which is placed in service by a Department of
Commerce and Economic Opportunity designated High Impact
Business. The credit shall be .5% of the basis for such
property. The credit shall not be available (i) until the
minimum investments in qualified property set forth in
subdivision (a)(3)(A) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act have been satisfied or (ii) until the
time authorized in subsection (b-5) of the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act for entities designated as High Impact
Businesses under subdivisions (a)(3)(B), (a)(3)(C), and
(a)(3)(D) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois Enterprise Zone
Act, and shall not be allowed to the extent that it would
reduce a taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section to below zero. The
credit applicable to such investments shall be taken in the
taxable year in which such investments have been completed.
The credit for additional investments beyond the minimum
investment by a designated high impact business authorized
under subdivision (a)(3)(A) of Section 5.5 of the Illinois
Enterprise Zone Act shall be available only in the taxable
year in which the property is placed in service and shall
not be allowed to the extent that it would reduce a
taxpayer's liability for the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) of this Section to below zero. For tax years ending
on or after December 31, 1987, the credit shall be allowed
for the tax year in which the property is placed in
service, or, if the amount of the credit exceeds the tax
liability for that year, whether it exceeds the original
liability or the liability as later amended, such excess
may be carried forward and applied to the tax liability of
the 5 taxable years following the excess credit year. The
credit shall be applied to the earliest year for which
there is a liability. If there is credit from more than one
tax year that is available to offset a liability, the
credit accruing first in time shall be applied first.
Changes made in this subdivision (h)(1) by Public Act
88-670 restore changes made by Public Act 85-1182 and
reflect existing law.
(2) The term qualified property means property which:
(A) is tangible, whether new or used, including
buildings and structural components of buildings;
(B) is depreciable pursuant to Section 167 of the
Internal Revenue Code, except that "3-year property"
as defined in Section 168(c)(2)(A) of that Code is not
eligible for the credit provided by this subsection
(h);
(C) is acquired by purchase as defined in Section
179(d) of the Internal Revenue Code; and
(D) is not eligible for the Enterprise Zone
Investment Credit provided by subsection (f) of this
Section.
(3) The basis of qualified property shall be the basis
used to compute the depreciation deduction for federal
income tax purposes.
(4) If the basis of the property for federal income tax
depreciation purposes is increased after it has been placed
in service in a federally designated Foreign Trade Zone or
Sub-Zone located in Illinois by the taxpayer, the amount of
such increase shall be deemed property placed in service on
the date of such increase in basis.
(5) The term "placed in service" shall have the same
meaning as under Section 46 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) If during any taxable year ending on or before
December 31, 1996, any property ceases to be qualified
property in the hands of the taxpayer within 48 months
after being placed in service, or the situs of any
qualified property is moved outside Illinois within 48
months after being placed in service, the tax imposed under
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for such taxable
year shall be increased. Such increase shall be determined
by (i) recomputing the investment credit which would have
been allowed for the year in which credit for such property
was originally allowed by eliminating such property from
such computation, and (ii) subtracting such recomputed
credit from the amount of credit previously allowed. For
the purposes of this paragraph (6), a reduction of the
basis of qualified property resulting from a
redetermination of the purchase price shall be deemed a
disposition of qualified property to the extent of such
reduction.
(7) Beginning with tax years ending after December 31,
1996, if a taxpayer qualifies for the credit under this
subsection (h) and thereby is granted a tax abatement and
the taxpayer relocates its entire facility in violation of
the explicit terms and length of the contract under Section
18-183 of the Property Tax Code, the tax imposed under
subsections (a) and (b) of this Section shall be increased
for the taxable year in which the taxpayer relocated its
facility by an amount equal to the amount of credit
received by the taxpayer under this subsection (h).
(i) Credit for Personal Property Tax Replacement Income
Tax. For tax years ending prior to December 31, 2003, a credit
shall be allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and
(b) of this Section for the tax imposed by subsections (c) and
(d) of this Section. This credit shall be computed by
multiplying the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this
Section by a fraction, the numerator of which is base income
allocable to Illinois and the denominator of which is Illinois
base income, and further multiplying the product by the tax
rate imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section.
Any credit earned on or after December 31, 1986 under this
subsection which is unused in the year the credit is computed
because it exceeds the tax liability imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) for that year (whether it exceeds the original
liability or the liability as later amended) may be carried
forward and applied to the tax liability imposed by subsections
(a) and (b) of the 5 taxable years following the excess credit
year, provided that no credit may be carried forward to any
year ending on or after December 31, 2003. This credit shall be
applied first to the earliest year for which there is a
liability. If there is a credit under this subsection from more
than one tax year that is available to offset a liability the
earliest credit arising under this subsection shall be applied
first.
If, during any taxable year ending on or after December 31,
1986, the tax imposed by subsections (c) and (d) of this
Section for which a taxpayer has claimed a credit under this
subsection (i) is reduced, the amount of credit for such tax
shall also be reduced. Such reduction shall be determined by
recomputing the credit to take into account the reduced tax
imposed by subsections (c) and (d). If any portion of the
reduced amount of credit has been carried to a different
taxable year, an amended return shall be filed for such taxable
year to reduce the amount of credit claimed.
(j) Training expense credit. Beginning with tax years
ending on or after December 31, 1986 and prior to December 31,
2003, a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) under this Section for all
amounts paid or accrued, on behalf of all persons employed by
the taxpayer in Illinois or Illinois residents employed outside
of Illinois by a taxpayer, for educational or vocational
training in semi-technical or technical fields or semi-skilled
or skilled fields, which were deducted from gross income in the
computation of taxable income. The credit against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) shall be 1.6% of such
training expenses. For partners, shareholders of subchapter S
corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the
liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of
federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a
credit under this subsection (j) to be determined in accordance
with the determination of income and distributive share of
income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the
Internal Revenue Code.
Any credit allowed under this subsection which is unused in
the year the credit is earned may be carried forward to each of
the 5 taxable years following the year for which the credit is
first computed until it is used. This credit shall be applied
first to the earliest year for which there is a liability. If
there is a credit under this subsection from more than one tax
year that is available to offset a liability the earliest
credit arising under this subsection shall be applied first. No
carryforward credit may be claimed in any tax year ending on or
after December 31, 2003.
(k) Research and development credit. For tax years ending
after July 1, 1990 and prior to December 31, 2003, and
beginning again for tax years ending on or after December 31,
2004, and ending prior to January 1, 2022, a taxpayer shall be
allowed a credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and
(b) of this Section for increasing research activities in this
State. The credit allowed against the tax imposed by
subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 6 1/2% of the
qualifying expenditures for increasing research activities in
this State. For partners, shareholders of subchapter S
corporations, and owners of limited liability companies, if the
liability company is treated as a partnership for purposes of
federal and State income taxation, there shall be allowed a
credit under this subsection to be determined in accordance
with the determination of income and distributive share of
income under Sections 702 and 704 and subchapter S of the
Internal Revenue Code.
For purposes of this subsection, "qualifying expenditures"
means the qualifying expenditures as defined for the federal
credit for increasing research activities which would be
allowable under Section 41 of the Internal Revenue Code and
which are conducted in this State, "qualifying expenditures for
increasing research activities in this State" means the excess
of qualifying expenditures for the taxable year in which
incurred over qualifying expenditures for the base period,
"qualifying expenditures for the base period" means the average
of the qualifying expenditures for each year in the base
period, and "base period" means the 3 taxable years immediately
preceding the taxable year for which the determination is being
made.
Any credit in excess of the tax liability for the taxable
year may be carried forward. A taxpayer may elect to have the
unused credit shown on its final completed return carried over
as a credit against the tax liability for the following 5
taxable years or until it has been fully used, whichever occurs
first; provided that no credit earned in a tax year ending
prior to December 31, 2003 may be carried forward to any year
ending on or after December 31, 2003.
If an unused credit is carried forward to a given year from
2 or more earlier years, that credit arising in the earliest
year will be applied first against the tax liability for the
given year. If a tax liability for the given year still
remains, the credit from the next earliest year will then be
applied, and so on, until all credits have been used or no tax
liability for the given year remains. Any remaining unused
credit or credits then will be carried forward to the next
following year in which a tax liability is incurred, except
that no credit can be carried forward to a year which is more
than 5 years after the year in which the expense for which the
credit is given was incurred.
No inference shall be drawn from this amendatory Act of the
91st General Assembly in construing this Section for taxable
years beginning before January 1, 1999.
It is the intent of the General Assembly that the research
and development credit under this subsection (k) shall apply
continuously for all tax years ending on or after December 31,
2004 and ending prior to January 1, 2022, including, but not
limited to, the period beginning on January 1, 2016 and ending
on the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 100th
General Assembly. All actions taken in reliance on the
continuation of the credit under this subsection (k) by any
taxpayer are hereby validated.
(l) Environmental Remediation Tax Credit.
(i) For tax years ending after December 31, 1997 and on
or before December 31, 2001, a taxpayer shall be allowed a
credit against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b)
of this Section for certain amounts paid for unreimbursed
eligible remediation costs, as specified in this
subsection. For purposes of this Section, "unreimbursed
eligible remediation costs" means costs approved by the
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency ("Agency") under
Section 58.14 of the Environmental Protection Act that were
paid in performing environmental remediation at a site for
which a No Further Remediation Letter was issued by the
Agency and recorded under Section 58.10 of the
Environmental Protection Act. The credit must be claimed
for the taxable year in which Agency approval of the
eligible remediation costs is granted. The credit is not
available to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or any related
party caused or contributed to, in any material respect, a
release of regulated substances on, in, or under the site
that was identified and addressed by the remedial action
pursuant to the Site Remediation Program of the
Environmental Protection Act. After the Pollution Control
Board rules are adopted pursuant to the Illinois
Administrative Procedure Act for the administration and
enforcement of Section 58.9 of the Environmental
Protection Act, determinations as to credit availability
for purposes of this Section shall be made consistent with
those rules. For purposes of this Section, "taxpayer"
includes a person whose tax attributes the taxpayer has
succeeded to under Section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code
and "related party" includes the persons disallowed a
deduction for losses by paragraphs (b), (c), and (f)(1) of
Section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code by virtue of being
a related taxpayer, as well as any of its partners. The
credit allowed against the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) shall be equal to 25% of the unreimbursed eligible
remediation costs in excess of $100,000 per site, except
that the $100,000 threshold shall not apply to any site
contained in an enterprise zone as determined by the
Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (now
Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity). The
total credit allowed shall not exceed $40,000 per year with
a maximum total of $150,000 per site. For partners and
shareholders of subchapter S corporations, there shall be
allowed a credit under this subsection to be determined in
accordance with the determination of income and
distributive share of income under Sections 702 and 704 and
subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code.
(ii) A credit allowed under this subsection that is
unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried
forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year
for which the credit is first earned until it is used. The
term "unused credit" does not include any amounts of
unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of the
maximum credit per site authorized under paragraph (i).
This credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for
which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this
subsection from more than one tax year that is available to
offset a liability, the earliest credit arising under this
subsection shall be applied first. A credit allowed under
this subsection may be sold to a buyer as part of a sale of
all or part of the remediation site for which the credit
was granted. The purchaser of a remediation site and the
tax credit shall succeed to the unused credit and remaining
carry-forward period of the seller. To perfect the
transfer, the assignor shall record the transfer in the
chain of title for the site and provide written notice to
the Director of the Illinois Department of Revenue of the
assignor's intent to sell the remediation site and the
amount of the tax credit to be transferred as a portion of
the sale. In no event may a credit be transferred to any
taxpayer if the taxpayer or a related party would not be
eligible under the provisions of subsection (i).
(iii) For purposes of this Section, the term "site"
shall have the same meaning as under Section 58.2 of the
Environmental Protection Act.
(m) Education expense credit. Beginning with tax years
ending after December 31, 1999, a taxpayer who is the custodian
of one or more qualifying pupils shall be allowed a credit
against the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this
Section for qualified education expenses incurred on behalf of
the qualifying pupils. The credit shall be equal to 25% of
qualified education expenses, but in no event may the total
credit under this subsection claimed by a family that is the
custodian of qualifying pupils exceed (i) $500 for tax years
ending prior to December 31, 2017, and (ii) $750 for tax years
ending on or after December 31, 2017. In no event shall a
credit under this subsection reduce the taxpayer's liability
under this Act to less than zero. Notwithstanding any other
provision of law, for taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 2017, no taxpayer may claim a credit under this
subsection (m) if the taxpayer's adjusted gross income for the
taxable year exceeds (i) $500,000, in the case of spouses
filing a joint federal tax return or (ii) $250,000, in the case
of all other taxpayers. This subsection is exempt from the
provisions of Section 250 of this Act.
For purposes of this subsection:
"Qualifying pupils" means individuals who (i) are
residents of the State of Illinois, (ii) are under the age of
21 at the close of the school year for which a credit is
sought, and (iii) during the school year for which a credit is
sought were full-time pupils enrolled in a kindergarten through
twelfth grade education program at any school, as defined in
this subsection.
"Qualified education expense" means the amount incurred on
behalf of a qualifying pupil in excess of $250 for tuition,
book fees, and lab fees at the school in which the pupil is
enrolled during the regular school year.
"School" means any public or nonpublic elementary or
secondary school in Illinois that is in compliance with Title
VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and attendance at which
satisfies the requirements of Section 26-1 of the School Code,
except that nothing shall be construed to require a child to
attend any particular public or nonpublic school to qualify for
the credit under this Section.
"Custodian" means, with respect to qualifying pupils, an
Illinois resident who is a parent, the parents, a legal
guardian, or the legal guardians of the qualifying pupils.
(n) River Edge Redevelopment Zone site remediation tax
credit.
(i) For tax years ending on or after December 31, 2006,
a taxpayer shall be allowed a credit against the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of this Section for
certain amounts paid for unreimbursed eligible remediation
costs, as specified in this subsection. For purposes of
this Section, "unreimbursed eligible remediation costs"
means costs approved by the Illinois Environmental
Protection Agency ("Agency") under Section 58.14a of the
Environmental Protection Act that were paid in performing
environmental remediation at a site within a River Edge
Redevelopment Zone for which a No Further Remediation
Letter was issued by the Agency and recorded under Section
58.10 of the Environmental Protection Act. The credit must
be claimed for the taxable year in which Agency approval of
the eligible remediation costs is granted. The credit is
not available to any taxpayer if the taxpayer or any
related party caused or contributed to, in any material
respect, a release of regulated substances on, in, or under
the site that was identified and addressed by the remedial
action pursuant to the Site Remediation Program of the
Environmental Protection Act. Determinations as to credit
availability for purposes of this Section shall be made
consistent with rules adopted by the Pollution Control
Board pursuant to the Illinois Administrative Procedure
Act for the administration and enforcement of Section 58.9
of the Environmental Protection Act. For purposes of this
Section, "taxpayer" includes a person whose tax attributes
the taxpayer has succeeded to under Section 381 of the
Internal Revenue Code and "related party" includes the
persons disallowed a deduction for losses by paragraphs
(b), (c), and (f)(1) of Section 267 of the Internal Revenue
Code by virtue of being a related taxpayer, as well as any
of its partners. The credit allowed against the tax imposed
by subsections (a) and (b) shall be equal to 25% of the
unreimbursed eligible remediation costs in excess of
$100,000 per site.
(ii) A credit allowed under this subsection that is
unused in the year the credit is earned may be carried
forward to each of the 5 taxable years following the year
for which the credit is first earned until it is used. This
credit shall be applied first to the earliest year for
which there is a liability. If there is a credit under this
subsection from more than one tax year that is available to
offset a liability, the earliest credit arising under this
subsection shall be applied first. A credit allowed under
this subsection may be sold to a buyer as part of a sale of
all or part of the remediation site for which the credit
was granted. The purchaser of a remediation site and the
tax credit shall succeed to the unused credit and remaining
carry-forward period of the seller. To perfect the
transfer, the assignor shall record the transfer in the
chain of title for the site and provide written notice to
the Director of the Illinois Department of Revenue of the
assignor's intent to sell the remediation site and the
amount of the tax credit to be transferred as a portion of
the sale. In no event may a credit be transferred to any
taxpayer if the taxpayer or a related party would not be
eligible under the provisions of subsection (i).
(iii) For purposes of this Section, the term "site"
shall have the same meaning as under Section 58.2 of the
Environmental Protection Act.
(o) For each of taxable years during the Compassionate Use
of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program, a surcharge is imposed on
all taxpayers on income arising from the sale or exchange of
capital assets, depreciable business property, real property
used in the trade or business, and Section 197 intangibles of
an organization registrant under the Compassionate Use of
Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act. The amount of the surcharge
is equal to the amount of federal income tax liability for the
taxable year attributable to those sales and exchanges. The
surcharge imposed does not apply if:
(1) the medical cannabis cultivation center
registration, medical cannabis dispensary registration, or
the property of a registration is transferred as a result
of any of the following:
(A) bankruptcy, a receivership, or a debt
adjustment initiated by or against the initial
registration or the substantial owners of the initial
registration;
(B) cancellation, revocation, or termination of
any registration by the Illinois Department of Public
Health;
(C) a determination by the Illinois Department of
Public Health that transfer of the registration is in
the best interests of Illinois qualifying patients as
defined by the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis
Pilot Program Act;
(D) the death of an owner of the equity interest in
a registrant;
(E) the acquisition of a controlling interest in
the stock or substantially all of the assets of a
publicly traded company;
(F) a transfer by a parent company to a wholly
owned subsidiary; or
(G) the transfer or sale to or by one person to
another person where both persons were initial owners
of the registration when the registration was issued;
or
(2) the cannabis cultivation center registration,
medical cannabis dispensary registration, or the
controlling interest in a registrant's property is
transferred in a transaction to lineal descendants in which
no gain or loss is recognized or as a result of a
transaction in accordance with Section 351 of the Internal
Revenue Code in which no gain or loss is recognized.
(Source: P.A. 100-22, eff. 7-6-17.)
(35 ILCS 5/201.1 new)
Sec. 201.1. Tax rates. In the case of an individual, trust,
or estate, for taxable years beginning on or after January 1,
2021, the amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) of
Section 201 of this Act shall be determined according to the
following tax rate structure:
(1) for taxpayers who do not file a joint return and
have a net income of $750,000 or less:
(A) 4.75% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that does not exceed $10,000;
(B) 4.9% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $10,000 but does not exceed
$100,000;
(C) 4.95% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $100,000 but does not exceed
$250,000;
(D) 7.75% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $250,000 but does not exceed
$350,000; and
(E) 7.85% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $350,000 but does not exceed
$750,000; and
(2) for taxpayers who do not file a joint return and
have a net income that exceeds $750,000, 7.99% of the
taxpayer's net income;
(3) for taxpayers who file a joint return and have a
net income of $1,000,000 or less:
(A) 4.75% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that does not exceed $10,000;
(B) 4.9% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $10,000 but does not exceed
$100,000;
(C) 4.95% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $100,000 but does not exceed
$250,000;
(D) 7.75% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $250,000 but does not exceed
$500,000; and
(E) 7.85% of the portion of the taxpayer's net
income that exceeds $500,000 but does not exceed
$1,000,000; and
(4) for taxpayers who file a joint return and have a
net income of more than $1,000,000, 7.99% of the taxpayer's
net income.
(35 ILCS 5/208) (from Ch. 120, par. 2-208)
Sec. 208. Tax credit for residential real property taxes.
For Beginning with tax years ending on or after December 31,
1991 and ending prior to December 31, 2021, every individual
taxpayer shall be entitled to a tax credit equal to 5% of real
property taxes paid by such taxpayer during the taxable year on
the principal residence of the taxpayer. For tax years ending
on or after December 31, 2021, every individual taxpayer shall
be entitled to a tax credit equal to 6% of real property taxes
paid by such taxpayer during the taxable year on the principal
residence of the taxpayer. In the case of multi-unit or
multi-use structures and farm dwellings, the taxes on the
taxpayer's principal residence shall be that portion of the
total taxes which is attributable to such principal residence.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for taxable years
beginning on or after January 1, 2017, no taxpayer may claim a
credit under this Section if the taxpayer's adjusted gross
income for the taxable year exceeds (i) $500,000, in the case
of spouses filing a joint federal tax return, or (ii) $250,000,
in the case of all other taxpayers. This Section is exempt from
the provisions of Section 250.
(Source: P.A. 100-22, eff. 7-6-17.)
(35 ILCS 5/229 new)
Sec. 229. Child tax credit.
(a) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1,
2021, there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax
imposed by Section 201 for the taxable year with respect to
each child of the taxpayer who is under the age of 17 and for
whom the taxpayer is allowed an additional exemption under
Section 204 an amount equal to $100.
(b) The amount of the credit allowed under subsection (a)
shall be reduced by $5 for each $2,000 by which the taxpayer's
net income exceeds $60,000 in the case of a joint return or
exceeds $40,000 in the case of any other form of return.
(c) In no event shall a credit under this Section reduce
the taxpayer's liability to less than zero.
(d) This Section is exempt from the provisions of Section
250.
(35 ILCS 5/502) (from Ch. 120, par. 5-502)
Sec. 502. Returns and notices.
(a) In general. A return with respect to the taxes imposed
by this Act shall be made by every person for any taxable year:
(1) for which such person is liable for a tax imposed
by this Act, or
(2) in the case of a resident or in the case of a
corporation which is qualified to do business in this
State, for which such person is required to make a federal
income tax return, regardless of whether such person is
liable for a tax imposed by this Act. However, this
paragraph shall not require a resident to make a return if
such person has an Illinois base income of the basic amount
in Section 204(b) or less and is either claimed as a
dependent on another person's tax return under the Internal
Revenue Code, or is claimed as a dependent on another
person's tax return under this Act.
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1), a
nonresident (other than, for taxable years ending on or after
December 31, 2011, a nonresident required to withhold tax under
Section 709.5) whose Illinois income tax liability under
subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) of Section 201 of this Act
is paid in full after taking into account the credits allowed
under subsection (f) of this Section or allowed under Section
709.5 of this Act shall not be required to file a return under
this subsection (a).
(b) Fiduciaries and receivers.
(1) Decedents. If an individual is deceased, any return
or notice required of such individual under this Act shall
be made by his executor, administrator, or other person
charged with the property of such decedent.
(2) Individuals under a disability. If an individual is
unable to make a return or notice required under this Act,
the return or notice required of such individual shall be
made by his duly authorized agent, guardian, fiduciary or
other person charged with the care of the person or
property of such individual.
(3) Estates and trusts. Returns or notices required of
an estate or a trust shall be made by the fiduciary
thereof.
(4) Receivers, trustees and assignees for
corporations. In a case where a receiver, trustee in
bankruptcy, or assignee, by order of a court of competent
jurisdiction, by operation of law, or otherwise, has
possession of or holds title to all or substantially all
the property or business of a corporation, whether or not
such property or business is being operated, such receiver,
trustee, or assignee shall make the returns and notices
required of such corporation in the same manner and form as
corporations are required to make such returns and notices.
(c) Joint returns by spouses husband and wife.
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3):
(A) if spouses a husband and wife file a joint
federal income tax return for a taxable year ending
before December 31, 2009 or ending on or after December
31, 2021, they shall file a joint return under this Act
for such taxable year and their liabilities shall be
joint and several;
(B) if spouses a husband and wife file a joint
federal income tax return for a taxable year ending on
or after December 31, 2009 and ending prior to December
31, 2021, they may elect to file separate returns under
this Act for such taxable year. The election under this
paragraph must be made on or before the due date
(including extensions) of the return and, once made,
shall be irrevocable. If no election is timely made
under this paragraph for a taxable year:
(i) the couple must file a joint return under
this Act for such taxable year,
(ii) their liabilities shall be joint and
several, and
(iii) any overpayment for that taxable year
may be withheld under Section 909 of this Act or
under Section 2505-275 of the Civil Administrative
Code of Illinois and applied against a debt of
either spouse without regard to the amount of the
overpayment attributable to the other spouse; and
(C) if the federal income tax liability of either
spouse is determined on a separate federal income tax
return, they shall file separate returns under this
Act.
(2) If neither spouse is required to file a federal
income tax return and either or both are required to file a
return under this Act, they may elect to file separate or
joint returns and pursuant to such election their
liabilities shall be separate or joint and several.
(3) If either spouse husband or wife is a resident and
the other is a nonresident, they shall file separate
returns in this State on such forms as may be required by
the Department in which event their tax liabilities shall
be separate; but if they file a joint federal income tax
return for a taxable year, they may elect to determine
their joint net income and file a joint return for that
taxable year under the provisions of paragraph (1) of this
subsection as if both were residents and in such case,
their liabilities shall be joint and several.
(4) Innocent spouses.
(A) However, for tax liabilities arising and paid
prior to August 13, 1999, an innocent spouse shall be
relieved of liability for tax (including interest and
penalties) for any taxable year for which a joint
return has been made, upon submission of proof that the
Internal Revenue Service has made a determination
under Section 6013(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, for
the same taxable year, which determination relieved
the spouse from liability for federal income taxes. If
there is no federal income tax liability at issue for
the same taxable year, the Department shall rely on the
provisions of Section 6013(e) to determine whether the
person requesting innocent spouse abatement of tax,
penalty, and interest is entitled to that relief.
(B) For tax liabilities arising on and after August
13, 1999 or which arose prior to that date, but remain
unpaid as of that date, if an individual who filed a
joint return for any taxable year has made an election
under this paragraph, the individual's liability for
any tax shown on the joint return shall not exceed the
individual's separate return amount and the
individual's liability for any deficiency assessed for
that taxable year shall not exceed the portion of the
deficiency properly allocable to the individual. For
purposes of this paragraph:
(i) An election properly made pursuant to
Section 6015 of the Internal Revenue Code shall
constitute an election under this paragraph,
provided that the election shall not be effective
until the individual has notified the Department
of the election in the form and manner prescribed
by the Department.
(ii) If no election has been made under Section
6015, the individual may make an election under
this paragraph in the form and manner prescribed by
the Department, provided that no election may be
made if the Department finds that assets were
transferred between individuals filing a joint
return as part of a scheme by such individuals to
avoid payment of Illinois income tax and the
election shall not eliminate the individual's
liability for any portion of a deficiency
attributable to an error on the return of which the
individual had actual knowledge as of the date of
filing.
(iii) In determining the separate return
amount or portion of any deficiency attributable
to an individual, the Department shall follow the
provisions in subsections (c) and (d) of Section
6015 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(iv) In determining the validity of an
individual's election under subparagraph (ii) and
in determining an electing individual's separate
return amount or portion of any deficiency under
subparagraph (iii), any determination made by the
Secretary of the Treasury, by the United States Tax
Court on petition for review of a determination by
the Secretary of the Treasury, or on appeal from
the United States Tax Court under Section 6015 of
the Internal Revenue Code regarding criteria for
eligibility or under subsection (d) of Section
6015 of the Internal Revenue Code regarding the
allocation of any item of income, deduction,
payment, or credit between an individual making
the federal election and that individual's spouse
shall be conclusively presumed to be correct. With
respect to any item that is not the subject of a
determination by the Secretary of the Treasury or
the federal courts, in any proceeding involving
this subsection, the individual making the
election shall have the burden of proof with
respect to any item except that the Department
shall have the burden of proof with respect to
items in subdivision (ii).
(v) Any election made by an individual under
this subsection shall apply to all years for which
that individual and the spouse named in the
election have filed a joint return.
(vi) After receiving a notice that the federal
election has been made or after receiving an
election under subdivision (ii), the Department
shall take no collection action against the
electing individual for any liability arising from
a joint return covered by the election until the
Department has notified the electing individual in
writing that the election is invalid or of the
portion of the liability the Department has
allocated to the electing individual. Within 60
days (150 days if the individual is outside the
United States) after the issuance of such
notification, the individual may file a written
protest of the denial of the election or of the
Department's determination of the liability
allocated to him or her and shall be granted a
hearing within the Department under the provisions
of Section 908. If a protest is filed, the
Department shall take no collection action against
the electing individual until the decision
regarding the protest has become final under
subsection (d) of Section 908 or, if
administrative review of the Department's decision
is requested under Section 1201, until the
decision of the court becomes final.
(d) Partnerships. Every partnership having any base income
allocable to this State in accordance with section 305(c) shall
retain information concerning all items of income, gain, loss
and deduction; the names and addresses of all of the partners,
or names and addresses of members of a limited liability
company, or other persons who would be entitled to share in the
base income of the partnership if distributed; the amount of
the distributive share of each; and such other pertinent
information as the Department may by forms or regulations
prescribe. The partnership shall make that information
available to the Department when requested by the Department.
(e) For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1985,
and before December 31, 1993, taxpayers that are corporations
(other than Subchapter S corporations) having the same taxable
year and that are members of the same unitary business group
may elect to be treated as one taxpayer for purposes of any
original return, amended return which includes the same
taxpayers of the unitary group which joined in the election to
file the original return, extension, claim for refund,
assessment, collection and payment and determination of the
group's tax liability under this Act. This subsection (e) does
not permit the election to be made for some, but not all, of
the purposes enumerated above. For taxable years ending on or
after December 31, 1987, corporate members (other than
Subchapter S corporations) of the same unitary business group
making this subsection (e) election are not required to have
the same taxable year.
For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1993,
taxpayers that are corporations (other than Subchapter S
corporations) and that are members of the same unitary business
group shall be treated as one taxpayer for purposes of any
original return, amended return which includes the same
taxpayers of the unitary group which joined in filing the
original return, extension, claim for refund, assessment,
collection and payment and determination of the group's tax
liability under this Act.
(f) For taxable years ending prior to December 31, 2014,
the Department may promulgate regulations to permit
nonresident individual partners of the same partnership,
nonresident Subchapter S corporation shareholders of the same
Subchapter S corporation, and nonresident individuals
transacting an insurance business in Illinois under a Lloyds
plan of operation, and nonresident individual members of the
same limited liability company that is treated as a partnership
under Section 1501 (a)(16) of this Act, to file composite
individual income tax returns reflecting the composite income
of such individuals allocable to Illinois and to make composite
individual income tax payments. For taxable years ending prior
to December 31, 2014, the Department may by regulation also
permit such composite returns to include the income tax owed by
Illinois residents attributable to their income from
partnerships, Subchapter S corporations, insurance businesses
organized under a Lloyds plan of operation, or limited
liability companies that are treated as partnership under
Section 1501(a)(16) of this Act, in which case such Illinois
residents will be permitted to claim credits on their
individual returns for their shares of the composite tax
payments. This paragraph of subsection (f) applies to taxable
years ending on or after December 31, 1987 and ending prior to
December 31, 2014.
For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 1999, the
Department may, by regulation, permit any persons transacting
an insurance business organized under a Lloyds plan of
operation to file composite returns reflecting the income of
such persons allocable to Illinois and the tax rates applicable
to such persons under Section 201 and to make composite tax
payments and shall, by regulation, also provide that the income
and apportionment factors attributable to the transaction of an
insurance business organized under a Lloyds plan of operation
by any person joining in the filing of a composite return
shall, for purposes of allocating and apportioning income under
Article 3 of this Act and computing net income under Section
202 of this Act, be excluded from any other income and
apportionment factors of that person or of any unitary business
group, as defined in subdivision (a)(27) of Section 1501, to
which that person may belong.
For taxable years ending on or after December 31, 2008,
every nonresident shall be allowed a credit against his or her
liability under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 for any
amount of tax reported on a composite return and paid on his or
her behalf under this subsection (f). Residents (other than
persons transacting an insurance business organized under a
Lloyds plan of operation) may claim a credit for taxes reported
on a composite return and paid on their behalf under this
subsection (f) only as permitted by the Department by rule.
(f-5) For taxable years ending on or after December 31,
2008, the Department may adopt rules to provide that, when a
partnership or Subchapter S corporation has made an error in
determining the amount of any item of income, deduction,
addition, subtraction, or credit required to be reported on its
return that affects the liability imposed under this Act on a
partner or shareholder, the partnership or Subchapter S
corporation may report the changes in liabilities of its
partners or shareholders and claim a refund of the resulting
overpayments, or pay the resulting underpayments, on behalf of
its partners and shareholders.
(g) The Department may adopt rules to authorize the
electronic filing of any return required to be filed under this
Section.
(Source: P.A. 97-507, eff. 8-23-11; 98-478, eff. 1-1-14.)
(35 ILCS 5/901) (from Ch. 120, par. 9-901)
Sec. 901. Collection authority.
(a) In general. The Department shall collect the taxes
imposed by this Act. The Department shall collect certified
past due child support amounts under Section 2505-650 of the
Department of Revenue Law of the Civil Administrative Code of
Illinois. Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), (e), (f),
(g), and (h) of this Section, money collected pursuant to
subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act shall be
paid into the General Revenue Fund in the State treasury; money
collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of
this Act shall be paid into the Personal Property Tax
Replacement Fund, a special fund in the State Treasury; and
money collected under Section 2505-650 of the Department of
Revenue Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois shall
be paid into the Child Support Enforcement Trust Fund, a
special fund outside the State Treasury, or to the State
Disbursement Unit established under Section 10-26 of the
Illinois Public Aid Code, as directed by the Department of
Healthcare and Family Services.
(b) Local Government Distributive Fund. Beginning August
1, 1969, and continuing through June 30, 1994, the Treasurer
shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to a
special fund in the State treasury, to be known as the "Local
Government Distributive Fund", an amount equal to 1/12 of the
net revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a)
and (b) of Section 201 of this Act during the preceding month.
Beginning July 1, 1994, and continuing through June 30, 1995,
the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the General
Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund an
amount equal to 1/11 of the net revenue realized from the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act
during the preceding month. Beginning July 1, 1995 and
continuing through January 31, 2011, the Treasurer shall
transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local
Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the net of (i)
1/10 of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by
subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income
Tax Act during the preceding month (ii) minus, beginning July
1, 2003 and ending June 30, 2004, $6,666,666, and beginning
July 1, 2004, zero. Beginning February 1, 2011, and continuing
through January 31, 2015, the Treasurer shall transfer each
month from the General Revenue Fund to the Local Government
Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum of (i) 6% (10% of
the ratio of the 3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to
the 5% individual income tax rate after 2010) of the net
revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and
(b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and
estates during the preceding month and (ii) 6.86% (10% of the
ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to
the 7% corporate income tax rate after 2010) of the net revenue
realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of
Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding
month. Beginning February 1, 2015 and continuing through July
31, 2017, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the
General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund
an amount equal to the sum of (i) 8% (10% of the ratio of the 3%
individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 3.75%
individual income tax rate after 2014) of the net revenue
realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of
Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and estates
during the preceding month and (ii) 9.14% (10% of the ratio of
the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 5.25%
corporate income tax rate after 2014) of the net revenue
realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of
Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the preceding
month. Beginning August 1, 2017 and continuing through January
31, 2021, the Treasurer shall transfer each month from the
General Revenue Fund to the Local Government Distributive Fund
an amount equal to the sum of (i) 6.06% (10% of the ratio of the
3% individual income tax rate prior to 2011 to the 4.95%
individual income tax rate after July 1, 2017) of the net
revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and
(b) of Section 201 of this Act upon individuals, trusts, and
estates during the preceding month and (ii) 6.85% (10% of the
ratio of the 4.8% corporate income tax rate prior to 2011 to
the 7% corporate income tax rate after July 1, 2017) of the net
revenue realized from the tax imposed by subsections (a) and
(b) of Section 201 of this Act upon corporations during the
preceding month. Beginning February 1, 2021, the Treasurer
shall transfer each month from the General Revenue Fund to the
Local Government Distributive Fund an amount equal to the sum
of (i) 5.32% of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed
by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon
individuals, trusts, and estates during the preceding month and
(ii) 6.16% of the net revenue realized from the tax imposed by
subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act upon
corporations during the preceding month. Net revenue realized
for a month shall be defined as the revenue from the tax
imposed by subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act
which is deposited in the General Revenue Fund, the Education
Assistance Fund, the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government
Distributive Fund, the Fund for the Advancement of Education,
and the Commitment to Human Services Fund during the month
minus the amount paid out of the General Revenue Fund in State
warrants during that same month as refunds to taxpayers for
overpayment of liability under the tax imposed by subsections
(a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act.
Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary,
beginning on July 6, 2017 (the effective date of Public Act
100-23), those amounts required under this subsection (b) to be
transferred by the Treasurer into the Local Government
Distributive Fund from the General Revenue Fund shall be
directly deposited into the Local Government Distributive Fund
as the revenue is realized from the tax imposed by subsections
(a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act.
For State fiscal year 2018 only, notwithstanding any
provision of law to the contrary, the total amount of revenue
and deposits under this Section attributable to revenues
realized during State fiscal year 2018 shall be reduced by 10%.
For State fiscal year 2019 only, notwithstanding any
provision of law to the contrary, the total amount of revenue
and deposits under this Section attributable to revenues
realized during State fiscal year 2019 shall be reduced by 5%.
(c) Deposits Into Income Tax Refund Fund.
(1) Beginning on January 1, 1989 and thereafter, the
Department shall deposit a percentage of the amounts
collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and
(3) of Section 201 of this Act into a fund in the State
treasury known as the Income Tax Refund Fund. The
Department shall deposit 6% of such amounts during the
period beginning January 1, 1989 and ending on June 30,
1989. Beginning with State fiscal year 1990 and for each
fiscal year thereafter, the percentage deposited into the
Income Tax Refund Fund during a fiscal year shall be the
Annual Percentage. For fiscal years 1999 through 2001, the
Annual Percentage shall be 7.1%. For fiscal year 2003, the
Annual Percentage shall be 8%. For fiscal year 2004, the
Annual Percentage shall be 11.7%. Upon the effective date
of Public Act 93-839 (July 30, 2004), the Annual Percentage
shall be 10% for fiscal year 2005. For fiscal year 2006,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2007,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2008,
the Annual Percentage shall be 7.75%. For fiscal year 2009,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2010,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2011,
the Annual Percentage shall be 8.75%. For fiscal year 2012,
the Annual Percentage shall be 8.75%. For fiscal year 2013,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.75%. For fiscal year 2014,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.5%. For fiscal year 2015,
the Annual Percentage shall be 10%. For fiscal year 2018,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.8%. For fiscal year 2019,
the Annual Percentage shall be 9.7%. For all other fiscal
years, the Annual Percentage shall be calculated as a
fraction, the numerator of which shall be the amount of
refunds approved for payment by the Department during the
preceding fiscal year as a result of overpayment of tax
liability under subsections (a) and (b)(1), (2), and (3) of
Section 201 of this Act plus the amount of such refunds
remaining approved but unpaid at the end of the preceding
fiscal year, minus the amounts transferred into the Income
Tax Refund Fund from the Tobacco Settlement Recovery Fund,
and the denominator of which shall be the amounts which
will be collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(1),
(2), and (3) of Section 201 of this Act during the
preceding fiscal year; except that in State fiscal year
2002, the Annual Percentage shall in no event exceed 7.6%.
The Director of Revenue shall certify the Annual Percentage
to the Comptroller on the last business day of the fiscal
year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which it is
to be effective.
(2) Beginning on January 1, 1989 and thereafter, the
Department shall deposit a percentage of the amounts
collected pursuant to subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and
(8), (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act into a fund in
the State treasury known as the Income Tax Refund Fund. The
Department shall deposit 18% of such amounts during the
period beginning January 1, 1989 and ending on June 30,
1989. Beginning with State fiscal year 1990 and for each
fiscal year thereafter, the percentage deposited into the
Income Tax Refund Fund during a fiscal year shall be the
Annual Percentage. For fiscal years 1999, 2000, and 2001,
the Annual Percentage shall be 19%. For fiscal year 2003,
the Annual Percentage shall be 27%. For fiscal year 2004,
the Annual Percentage shall be 32%. Upon the effective date
of Public Act 93-839 (July 30, 2004), the Annual Percentage
shall be 24% for fiscal year 2005. For fiscal year 2006,
the Annual Percentage shall be 20%. For fiscal year 2007,
the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2008,
the Annual Percentage shall be 15.5%. For fiscal year 2009,
the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2010,
the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2011,
the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2012,
the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2013,
the Annual Percentage shall be 14%. For fiscal year 2014,
the Annual Percentage shall be 13.4%. For fiscal year 2015,
the Annual Percentage shall be 14%. For fiscal year 2018,
the Annual Percentage shall be 17.5%. For fiscal year 2019,
the Annual Percentage shall be 15.5%. For all other fiscal
years, the Annual Percentage shall be calculated as a
fraction, the numerator of which shall be the amount of
refunds approved for payment by the Department during the
preceding fiscal year as a result of overpayment of tax
liability under subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8),
(c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act plus the amount of
such refunds remaining approved but unpaid at the end of
the preceding fiscal year, and the denominator of which
shall be the amounts which will be collected pursuant to
subsections (a) and (b)(6), (7), and (8), (c) and (d) of
Section 201 of this Act during the preceding fiscal year;
except that in State fiscal year 2002, the Annual
Percentage shall in no event exceed 23%. The Director of
Revenue shall certify the Annual Percentage to the
Comptroller on the last business day of the fiscal year
immediately preceding the fiscal year for which it is to be
effective.
(3) The Comptroller shall order transferred and the
Treasurer shall transfer from the Tobacco Settlement
Recovery Fund to the Income Tax Refund Fund (i) $35,000,000
in January, 2001, (ii) $35,000,000 in January, 2002, and
(iii) $35,000,000 in January, 2003.
(d) Expenditures from Income Tax Refund Fund.
(1) Beginning January 1, 1989, money in the Income Tax
Refund Fund shall be expended exclusively for the purpose
of paying refunds resulting from overpayment of tax
liability under Section 201 of this Act and for making
transfers pursuant to this subsection (d).
(2) The Director shall order payment of refunds
resulting from overpayment of tax liability under Section
201 of this Act from the Income Tax Refund Fund only to the
extent that amounts collected pursuant to Section 201 of
this Act and transfers pursuant to this subsection (d) and
item (3) of subsection (c) have been deposited and retained
in the Fund.
(3) As soon as possible after the end of each fiscal
year, the Director shall order transferred and the State
Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the
Income Tax Refund Fund to the Personal Property Tax
Replacement Fund an amount, certified by the Director to
the Comptroller, equal to the excess of the amount
collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of Section
201 of this Act deposited into the Income Tax Refund Fund
during the fiscal year over the amount of refunds resulting
from overpayment of tax liability under subsections (c) and
(d) of Section 201 of this Act paid from the Income Tax
Refund Fund during the fiscal year.
(4) As soon as possible after the end of each fiscal
year, the Director shall order transferred and the State
Treasurer and State Comptroller shall transfer from the
Personal Property Tax Replacement Fund to the Income Tax
Refund Fund an amount, certified by the Director to the
Comptroller, equal to the excess of the amount of refunds
resulting from overpayment of tax liability under
subsections (c) and (d) of Section 201 of this Act paid
from the Income Tax Refund Fund during the fiscal year over
the amount collected pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of
Section 201 of this Act deposited into the Income Tax
Refund Fund during the fiscal year.
(4.5) As soon as possible after the end of fiscal year
1999 and of each fiscal year thereafter, the Director shall
order transferred and the State Treasurer and State
Comptroller shall transfer from the Income Tax Refund Fund
to the General Revenue Fund any surplus remaining in the
Income Tax Refund Fund as of the end of such fiscal year;
excluding for fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002 amounts
attributable to transfers under item (3) of subsection (c)
less refunds resulting from the earned income tax credit.
(5) This Act shall constitute an irrevocable and
continuing appropriation from the Income Tax Refund Fund
for the purpose of paying refunds upon the order of the
Director in accordance with the provisions of this Section.
(e) Deposits into the Education Assistance Fund and the
Income Tax Surcharge Local Government Distributive Fund. On
July 1, 1991, and thereafter, of the amounts collected pursuant
to subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus
deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall
deposit 7.3% into the Education Assistance Fund in the State
Treasury. Beginning July 1, 1991, and continuing through
January 31, 1993, of the amounts collected pursuant to
subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income
Tax Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the
Department shall deposit 3.0% into the Income Tax Surcharge
Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury.
Beginning February 1, 1993 and continuing through June 30,
1993, of the amounts collected pursuant to subsections (a) and
(b) of Section 201 of the Illinois Income Tax Act, minus
deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the Department shall
deposit 4.4% into the Income Tax Surcharge Local Government
Distributive Fund in the State Treasury. Beginning July 1,
1993, and continuing through June 30, 1994, of the amounts
collected under subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this
Act, minus deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, the
Department shall deposit 1.475% into the Income Tax Surcharge
Local Government Distributive Fund in the State Treasury.
(f) Deposits into the Fund for the Advancement of
Education. Beginning February 1, 2015, the Department shall
deposit the following portions of the revenue realized from the
tax imposed upon individuals, trusts, and estates by
subsections (a) and (b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus
deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund, into the Fund for the
Advancement of Education:
(1) beginning February 1, 2015, and prior to February
1, 2025, 1/30; and
(2) beginning February 1, 2025, 1/26.
If the rate of tax imposed by subsection (a) and (b) of
Section 201 is reduced pursuant to Section 201.5 of this Act,
the Department shall not make the deposits required by this
subsection (f) on or after the effective date of the reduction.
(g) Deposits into the Commitment to Human Services Fund.
Beginning February 1, 2015, the Department shall deposit the
following portions of the revenue realized from the tax imposed
upon individuals, trusts, and estates by subsections (a) and
(b) of Section 201 of this Act, minus deposits into the Income
Tax Refund Fund, into the Commitment to Human Services Fund:
(1) beginning February 1, 2015, and prior to February
1, 2025, 1/30; and
(2) beginning February 1, 2025, 1/26.
If the rate of tax imposed by subsection (a) and (b) of
Section 201 is reduced pursuant to Section 201.5 of this Act,
the Department shall not make the deposits required by this
subsection (g) on or after the effective date of the reduction.
(h) Deposits into the Tax Compliance and Administration
Fund. Beginning on the first day of the first calendar month to
occur on or after August 26, 2014 (the effective date of Public
Act 98-1098), each month the Department shall pay into the Tax
Compliance and Administration Fund, to be used, subject to
appropriation, to fund additional auditors and compliance
personnel at the Department, an amount equal to 1/12 of 5% of
the cash receipts collected during the preceding fiscal year by
the Audit Bureau of the Department from the tax imposed by
subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) of Section 201 of this Act,
net of deposits into the Income Tax Refund Fund made from those
cash receipts.
(Source: P.A. 99-78, eff. 7-20-15; 100-22, eff. 7-6-17; 100-23,
eff. 7-6-17; 100-587, eff. 6-4-18; 100-621, eff. 7-20-18;
100-863, eff. 8-14-18; 100-1171, eff. 1-4-19; revised 1-8-19.)
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