S.B. NO.



S.D. 2


H.D. 2














     SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that Hawaii currently has over one million gasoline-powered vehicles on its roads, which emit nearly five million metric tons of climate-changing carbon pollution annually.  Hawaii residents, businesses, and visitors spent over $1,500,000,000 on gasoline in 2018.

     Electric vehicles play an integral role in Hawaii's clean energy future.  Electric vehicles are much less expensive to power per mile than their gasoline counterparts.  By using stored electrical energy, electric vehicles can take advantage of intermittent solar, wind, and other clean energy resources.  With the continued growth of an intelligent electricity grid, electric vehicles become an essential component to electricity load and clean energy resource balancing.  They also provide clean mobility solutions for Hawaii residents and visitors.

     The legislature finds that about one per cent of all registered vehicles in Hawaii are electric.  This number is expected to rise exponentially as more electric vehicles come to market, vehicle ranges increase, and the cost of electric vehicles decreases.  Sales of electric vehicles in Hawaii increased about twenty-five per cent in 2018 from 2017, while sales of gasoline-powered vehicles only increased about one per cent.

     While there is growing interest in electric vehicles among Hawaii residents, the lack of adequate vehicle charging infrastructure presents a key barrier to adoption.  The International Energy Agency has found that "the availability of chargers emerged as one of the key factors for contributing to the market penetration of electric vehicles."  Unlike gasoline car owners, charging behavior for electric vehicle owners indicates that more than eighty per cent of electric vehicle drivers charge their cars at home or work.  In addition, a large share of the Hawaii population lives in high density, multi-family dwellings.  The vast majority of parking facilities are not currently being built to accommodate electric vehicle chargers.

     The legislature finds that requiring that a percentage of parking stalls be electric vehicle ready results in significant long-term savings for residents.  When electric vehicle readiness is considered in the design of a building or parking area, decisions about the lowest cost layout can be made, allowing building owners and operators to reduce the financial burden of modifying or upgrading electrical systems later, as well as avoid the construction costs and means of trenching or boring to lay conduit for electric vehicle charger installation.  To be electric vehicle ready, the parking stall would need to have sufficient wire, conduit, electrical panel service capacity, overcurrent protection devices, and suitable termination points to connect to an electric vehicle charger.

     The purpose of this Act is to prohibit the issuance of building permits pursuant to applications initiated on or after January 1, 2020, for certain new multi-family dwelling and commercial parking areas unless at least       per cent of the parking stalls are electric vehicle charger ready or the permits are in compliance with county building code requirements that are at least as stringent as the statewide requirement.

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 196, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new section to part I to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

     "§196‑    Electric vehicle charging required for new multi-family residential buildings and commercial buildings.  On or after January 1, 2020, no building permit shall be issued for a new multi-family residential building that has ten or more parking stalls, or a new commercial building that has twenty or more parking stalls, unless at least       per cent of the building's parking stalls are electric vehicle charger ready, as defined in this chapter; provided that this section shall not apply to:

     (1)  Any county that adopts a state building code which requires new multi-family residential buildings or new commercial buildings described in this section to make at least       per cent of the building's parking stalls electric vehicle charger ready; and

     (2)  Building permits issued pursuant to applications initiated prior to January 1, 2020."

     SECTION 3.  Section 196-2, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new definition to be appropriately inserted and to read as follows:

     ""Electric vehicle charger ready" means having sufficient wire, conduit, raceway, termination point, and electrical panel capacity, suitable to provide level two charging consistent with an electric vehicle charging system as that term is defined in section 196-7.5."

     SECTION 4.  New statutory material is underscored.

     SECTION 5.  This Act shall take effect on July 1, 2100.


Report Title:

Electric Vehicles; Charger Ready; New Construction; Parking Stalls



Prohibits the issuance of building permits pursuant to an application initiated on or after January 1, 2020, for all new residential multi-family buildings that have ten or more parking stalls and new commercial buildings that have twenty or more parking stalls unless a certain percentage of the parking stalls are electric vehicle charger ready, subject to superseding county ordinances.  (SB1000 HD2)




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