Bill Text: HI HB2062 | 2020 | Regular Session | Amended


Bill Title: Relating To The Sexual Exploitation Of Children.

Spectrum: Strong Partisan Bill (Democrat 21-2)

Status: (Engrossed) 2020-03-16 - The hearing on this measure has been cancelled until further notice. [HB2062 Detail]

Download: Hawaii-2020-HB2062-Amended.html

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

H.B. NO.

2062

THIRTIETH LEGISLATURE, 2020

H.D. 2

STATE OF HAWAII

 

 

 

 

 

 

A BILL FOR AN ACT

 

 

RELATING TO THE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN.

 

 

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII:

 


     SECTION 1.  The legislature finds that children in the State are vulnerable to sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation.  Foster children and runaways with histories of abuse and neglect are at particularly high risk.  LGBTQ+ youth, immigrants, undocumented workers, and youth suffering from mental illnesses and substance abuse issues are also highly vulnerable.  Victims are often lured into sex trafficking through emotional manipulation and control, force, fraud, or threats.  Children may not have the ability or resources to escape and start a new life.

     The legislature recognizes that in the last decade, the commercial sexual exploitation of children has garnered greater attention in Hawaii and throughout the United States.  The department of human services has received an increasing number of calls on its hotline for witnesses or victims of child sex trafficking.  However, because child sex trafficking is covert, it is difficult to accurately measure the scope of the problem, and exploited youth may not identify themselves as victims.

     The legislature finds that in order to adequately serve children who have been sexually exploited, a statewide coordinator and steering committee are needed to develop and utilize comprehensive interagency case management strategies, protocols, and a multi-disciplinary system response to cases that are both victim-centered and offender-focused.

     Accordingly, the purpose of this Act is to:

     (1)  Establish a statewide coordinator and program within the department of human services to address the needs of sexually exploited children;

     (2)  Establish a statewide commercial sexual exploitation of children steering committee;

     (3)  Establish a multidisciplinary team in each county to immediately respond to cases of sexually exploited children; and

     (4)  Appropriate moneys for this purpose.

     SECTION 2.  Chapter 346, Hawaii Revised Statutes, is amended by adding a new part to be appropriately designated and to read as follows:

"PART    .  SEXUALLY EXPLOITED CHILDREN STATEWIDE COORDINATOR AND PROGRAM

     §346-A  Definitions.  As used in this part:

     "Child" means a person under eighteen years of age.

     "Commercial sexual exploitation of children" means any sexual activity involving a child for the exchange or promise of anything of value by any person.

     "Statewide coordinator" means the statewide coordinator on commercial sexual exploitation of children established pursuant to section 346-B.

     "Steering committee" means the commercial sexual exploitation of children steering committee established pursuant to section 346-C.

     §346-B  Sexually exploited children statewide coordinator and program.  (a)  The director shall appoint a statewide coordinator on commercial sexual exploitation of children for the proper administration and enforcement of this chapter without regard to chapter 76.

     (b)  The department shall develop and implement a program to prevent the commercial sexual exploitation of children and assist child victims of commercial sexual exploitation.  The program shall:

     (1)  Support the operations of the steering committee;

     (2)  Promote public awareness of the commercial sexual exploitation of children, available services for victims, and state and national hotlines for victims and witnesses;

     (3)  Produce and maintain informational materials, including a website, on the prevention of the commercial sexual exploitation of children and public resources available to victims and witnesses;

     (4)  Develop and provide comprehensive training on how to prevent, identify, and address the commercial sexual exploitation of children;

     (5)  Apply for and monitor federal funding for anti‑trafficking efforts; and

     (6)  Submit a report on the commercial sexual exploitation of children for the prior fiscal year to the legislature no later than twenty days prior to the convening of each regular session, including:

          (A)  The number of annual reports to state hotline numbers alleging the sexual trafficking of a minor;

          (B)  The total number of children suspected to be victims of sex trafficking, including demographic information and information on whether each child was previously served by the department;

          (C)  The total number of children confirmed to be victims of sex trafficking, including demographic information and information on whether each child was previously served by the department;

          (D)  By state-contracted providers:

               (i)  The types and aggregate costs of services provided to children who are suspected or confirmed victims of sex trafficking and the number of children receiving each type of service;

             (ii)  The total number of new children and families served through these providers; and

            (iii)  The total number of children and families served through these providers; and

          (E)  Delineated by county, the number of prosecutions and convictions in the State for crimes related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children, including but not limited to promoting child abuse under part VI of chapter 707, electronic enticement of a child in the first or second degree under sections 707-756 and 707‑757, sex trafficking under section 712-1202, solicitation of a minor for prostitution under section 712‑1209.1, promoting pornography for minors under section 712-1215, and promoting minor-produced sexual images in the first or second degree under sections 712-1215.5 and 712‑1215.6.

     §346-C  Commercial sexual exploitation of children steering committee; established.  (a)  There is administratively attached to the department the commercial sexual exploitation of children steering committee, which shall be an advisory body exempt from section 26-34.  The steering committee shall comprise the following members or their designees:

     (1)  The director of human services;

     (2)  The director of health;

     (3)  The superintendent of education;

     (4)  The attorney general;

     (5)  The public defender;

     (6)  The senior family court judge for the first circuit;

     (7)  The senior family court judge for the second circuit;

     (8)  The senior family court judge for the third circuit;

     (9)  The senior family court judge for the fifth circuit;

    (10)  The prosecuting attorney for the city and county of Honolulu;

    (11)  The prosecuting attorney for the county of Maui;

    (12)  The prosecuting attorney for the county of Hawaii;

    (13)  The prosecuting attorney for the county of Kauai;

    (14)  The chief of the Honolulu police department;

    (15)  The chief of the Maui police department;

    (16)  The chief of the Hawaii police department;

    (17)  The chief of the Kauai police department;

    (18)  A representative of the children's justice centers; and

    (19)  A representative of the Hawaii state commission on the status of women.

     (b)  The statewide coordinator:

     (1)  Shall serve as chair of the steering committee;

     (2)  Shall invite at least four representatives of nonprofit agencies that provide direct services to sexually exploited children to participate on the steering committee; and

     (3)  May add any additional members to participate on the steering committee as necessary.

     (c)  The steering committee may discuss specific cases, individuals, and other confidential information to the extent permitted by law.  The steering committee shall be exempt from part I of chapter 92.

     (d)  The steering committee shall meet at least quarterly and shall submit to the legislature by July 1, 2021, a preliminary report of its findings and recommendations, including any proposed legislation, to address the commercial sexual exploitation of children.  By July 1, 2022, the steering committee shall submit a final report to the legislature that includes but is not limited to:

     (1)  Plans for local and state agencies to identify and respond to child victims of sex trafficking;

     (2)  Best practices used in other states to identify and serve sexually exploited children;

     (3)  A comprehensive evaluation of existing programs and services offered in the State for sexually exploited children;

     (4)  Strategies for public outreach and education on the commercial sexual exploitation of children;

     (5)  An assessment of whether sexually exploited children should be able to consent to treatment, services, placement, and cooperation with law enforcement without parental consent;

     (6)  A review of criminal statutes under chapter 712 regarding prostitution and sex trafficking;

     (7)  Plans for a training program for educators, community members, law enforcement members, and mandatory reporters of child abuse, including an outline of the content of the training and an assessment of whether mandatory training is required and in what intervals;

     (8)  Statewide assessment tools for first responders, medical professionals, and service providers for use in identifying child victims of commercial sexual exploitation;

     (9)  An evaluation of transitional services available to help child victims who are close to eighteen years of age;

    (10)  Early indicators or high-risk factors for children that may lead to sexual exploitation and a plan to mitigate those risk factors; and

    (11)  Recommendations for formal data sharing between service providers and government agencies, including law enforcement, to facilitate the exchange of information.

     §346-D  Commercial sexual exploitation of children multidisciplinary team; established.  (a)  There is established in every county a commercial sexual exploitation of children multidisciplinary team to immediately respond to cases of the sex trafficking of children.  Members of each multidisciplinary team shall be trained in the prevention, identification, and treatment of child abuse and child neglect and shall be qualified to provide a broad range of services related to child abuse and neglect, including physical and sexual abuse and domestic violence; sexually exploited children; and children at risk of exploitation.

     (b)  Each multidisciplinary team shall utilize a case management approach, which is focused first, on the crisis response and support to sexually exploited children; second, on family members who are supportive of the child and whose interests are consistent with the best interest of the child; and third, on meeting law enforcement and prosecutorial needs.

     Each multidisciplinary team shall facilitate the mutual sharing of information among the team and among relevant agencies and service providers, including information on the victims' physical or mental health, or other information relating to the best interests of the child, unless otherwise prohibited by state or federal law.

     (c)  The following documents and materials shall not be disclosed, except as otherwise provided in subsection (d):

     (1)  Documents and materials that pertain to specifically identified cases or clients, including files, reports, notes, photographs, records, electronic and other communications, working papers, or recordings; and

     (2)  Documents and materials that comprise client interview guidelines and other interview-related materials, as well as all materials used in training forensic interviewers.

     (d)  Confidential documents and materials shall only be disclosed as follows:

     (1)  To persons on the multidisciplinary team or by agencies or providers who are directly involved in the treatment of the child or in the investigation, case management, or legal processing of cases under this chapter, including but not limited to members of law enforcement, child welfare agencies, prosecuting attorneys, and medical and mental health professionals; or

     (2)  Pursuant to any state or federal law that authorizes the disclosure of confidential information.

     (e)  The multidisciplinary team shall not be subject to part I of chapter 92."

     SECTION 3.  The director of human services shall add four full-time equivalent (4.0 FTE) positions as follows:

     (1)  One full-time equivalent (1.0 FTE) statewide coordinator;

     (2)  One full-time equivalent (1.0 FTE) social worker V assistant program administrator;

     (3)  One full-time equivalent (1.0 FTE) social worker IV (child welfare intake); and

     (4)  One full-time equivalent (1.0 FTE) administrative assistant.

     SECTION 4.  There is appropriated out of the general revenues of the State of Hawaii the sum of $           or so much thereof as may be necessary for fiscal year 2020-2021 for the sexually exploited children statewide coordinator and program established pursuant to this Act.

     The sum appropriated shall be expended by the department of human services for the purposes of this Act.

     SECTION 5.  In codifying the new sections added by section 2 of this Act, the revisor of statutes shall substitute appropriate section numbers for the letters used in designating the new sections in this Act.

     SECTION 6.  This Act shall take effect on December 31, 2059.



 

Report Title:

DHS; Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children; Coordinator; Steering Committee; Prevention; Treatment; Appropriation

 

Description:

Establishes a statewide coordinator and program within DHS to address the needs of sexually exploited children.  Establishes the commercial sexual exploitation of children steering committee.  Requires the steering committees to submit reports to the legislature by July 1, 2021, and July 1, 2022.  Appropriates funds.  Takes effect 12/31/2059.  (HD2)

 

 

 

The summary description of legislation appearing on this page is for informational purposes only and is not legislation or evidence of legislative intent.

 

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