Bill Text: FL S1218 | 2019 | Regular Session | Comm Sub

Bill Title: Homelessness

Spectrum: Slight Partisan Bill (Democrat 2-1)

Status: (Failed) 2019-05-03 - Died in Appropriations [S1218 Detail]

Download: Florida-2019-S1218-Comm_Sub.html
       Florida Senate - 2019                             CS for SB 1218
       By the Committee on Children, Families, and Elder Affairs; and
       Senator Book
       586-03487-19                                          20191218c1
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to homelessness; amending s. 201.15,
    3         F.S.; requiring that certain taxes of a specified
    4         amount be transferred annually to the Grants and
    5         Donations Trust Fund within the Department of Children
    6         and Families for the purpose of funding challenge
    7         grants; amending s. 420.621, F.S.; revising, adding,
    8         and deleting defined terms; amending s. 420.622, F.S.;
    9         increasing the number of members on the Council on
   10         Homelessness to include a representative of the
   11         Florida Housing Coalition and the Secretary of the
   12         Department of Elder Affairs or his or her designee;
   13         providing that appointed council members are
   14         encouraged to have certain experience; revising the
   15         duties of the State Office on Homelessness; revising
   16         requirements for the state’s system of homeless
   17         programs; requiring entities that receive state
   18         funding to provide summary aggregated data to assist
   19         the council in providing certain information; removing
   20         the requirement that the office have the concurrence
   21         of the council to accept and administer moneys
   22         appropriated to it to provide certain annual challenge
   23         grants to continuums of care lead agencies; clarifying
   24         the source of such appropriation; increasing the
   25         maximum amount of grant awards per continuum of care
   26         lead agency; conforming provisions to changes made by
   27         the act; revising requirements for use of grant funds
   28         by continuum of care lead agencies; revising
   29         preference criteria for certain grants; increasing the
   30         maximum percentage of its funding which a continuum of
   31         care lead agency may spend on administrative costs;
   32         requiring such agencies to submit a final report to
   33         the Department of Children and Families documenting
   34         certain outcomes achieved by grant-funded programs;
   35         removing the requirement that the office have the
   36         concurrence of the council to administer moneys given
   37         to it to provide homeless housing assistance grants
   38         annually to certain continuum of care lead agencies to
   39         acquire, construct, or rehabilitate permanent housing
   40         units for homeless persons; conforming a provision to
   41         changes made by the act; requiring grant applicants to
   42         be ranked competitively based on criteria determined
   43         by the office; deleting preference requirements;
   44         increasing the minimum number of years for which
   45         projects must reserve certain units acquired,
   46         constructed, or rehabilitated; increasing the maximum
   47         percentage of funds the office and each applicant may
   48         spend on administrative costs; revising certain
   49         performance measure requirements; authorizing, instead
   50         of requiring, the Department of Children and Families,
   51         with input from the council, to adopt rules relating
   52         to certain grants and related issues; revising
   53         requirements for an annual report the council must
   54         submit to the Governor, Legislature, and Secretary of
   55         Children and Families; authorizing the office to
   56         administer moneys appropriated to it for distribution
   57         among certain designated continuum of care lead
   58         agencies and entities; creating s. 420.6225, F.S.;
   59         specifying the purpose of a continuum of care;
   60         requiring each continuum of care, pursuant to federal
   61         law, to designate a collaborative applicant that is
   62         responsible for submitting the continuum of care
   63         funding application for the designated catchment area
   64         to the United States Department of Housing and Urban
   65         Development; providing requirements for such
   66         designated collaborative applicants; authorizing the
   67         applicant to be referred to as the continuum of care
   68         lead agency; providing requirements for continuum of
   69         care catchment areas and lead agencies; requiring that
   70         each continuum of care create a continuum of care plan
   71         for specified purposes; specifying requirements for
   72         such plans; requiring continuums of care to promote
   73         participation by all interested individuals and
   74         organizations, subject to certain requirements;
   75         creating s. 420.6227, F.S.; providing legislative
   76         findings and program purpose; establishing a grant-in
   77         aid program to help continuums of care prevent and end
   78         homelessness, which may include any aspect of the
   79         local continuum of care plan; requiring continuums of
   80         care to submit an application for grant-in-aid funds
   81         to the office for review; requiring the office to
   82         develop guidelines for the development, evaluation,
   83         and approval of spending plans; requiring grant-in-aid
   84         funds for continuums of care to be administered by the
   85         office and awarded on a competitive basis; requiring
   86         the office to distribute such funds to local agencies
   87         to fund programs that are required by the local
   88         continuum of care plan, based on certain
   89         recommendations; limiting the percentage of the total
   90         state funds awarded under a spending plan which may be
   91         used by the continuum of care lead agency for staffing
   92         and administrative expenditures; requiring entities
   93         contracting with local agencies to provide services
   94         through certain financial assistance programs to
   95         provide a specified minimum percentage of the funding
   96         necessary for the support of project operations;
   97         authorizing in-kind contributions to be evaluated and
   98         counted as part or all of the required local funding,
   99         at the discretion of the office; repealing s. 420.623,
  100         F.S., relating to local coalitions for the homeless;
  101         repealing s. 420.624, F.S., relating to local homeless
  102         assistance continuums of care; repealing s. 420.625,
  103         F.S., relating to a grant-in-aid program; amending s.
  104         420.626, F.S.; revising procedures that certain
  105         facilities and institutions are encouraged to develop
  106         and implement to reduce the discharge of persons into
  107         homelessness when such persons are admitted or housed
  108         for a specified period at such facilities or
  109         institutions; amending s. 420.6265, F.S.; revising
  110         legislative findings and intent for Rapid ReHousing;
  111         revising the Rapid ReHousing methodology; amending s.
  112         420.6275, F.S.; revising legislative findings relating
  113         to Housing First; revising the Housing First
  114         methodology to reflect current practice; amending s.
  115         420.507, F.S.; conforming cross-references; providing
  116         an effective date.
  118  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
  120         Section 1. Paragraph (c) of subsection (4) of section
  121  201.15, Florida Statutes, is amended, and subsection (5) of that
  122  section is republished, to read:
  123         201.15 Distribution of taxes collected.—All taxes collected
  124  under this chapter are hereby pledged and shall be first made
  125  available to make payments when due on bonds issued pursuant to
  126  s. 215.618 or s. 215.619, or any other bonds authorized to be
  127  issued on a parity basis with such bonds. Such pledge and
  128  availability for the payment of these bonds shall have priority
  129  over any requirement for the payment of service charges or costs
  130  of collection and enforcement under this section. All taxes
  131  collected under this chapter, except taxes distributed to the
  132  Land Acquisition Trust Fund pursuant to subsections (1) and (2),
  133  are subject to the service charge imposed in s. 215.20(1).
  134  Before distribution pursuant to this section, the Department of
  135  Revenue shall deduct amounts necessary to pay the costs of the
  136  collection and enforcement of the tax levied by this chapter.
  137  The costs and service charge may not be levied against any
  138  portion of taxes pledged to debt service on bonds to the extent
  139  that the costs and service charge are required to pay any
  140  amounts relating to the bonds. All of the costs of the
  141  collection and enforcement of the tax levied by this chapter and
  142  the service charge shall be available and transferred to the
  143  extent necessary to pay debt service and any other amounts
  144  payable with respect to bonds authorized before January 1, 2017,
  145  secured by revenues distributed pursuant to this section. All
  146  taxes remaining after deduction of costs shall be distributed as
  147  follows:
  148         (4) After the required distributions to the Land
  149  Acquisition Trust Fund pursuant to subsections (1) and (2) and
  150  deduction of the service charge imposed pursuant to s.
  151  215.20(1), the remainder shall be distributed as follows:
  152         (c) Eleven and twenty-four hundredths percent of the
  153  remainder in each fiscal year shall be paid into the State
  154  Treasury to the credit of the State Housing Trust Fund. Of such
  155  funds, the first $35 million shall be transferred annually,
  156  subject to any distribution required under subsection (5), to
  157  the State Economic Enhancement and Development Trust Fund within
  158  the Department of Economic Opportunity. The next $10 million
  159  shall be transferred annually, subject to any distribution
  160  required under subsection (5), to the Grants and Donations Trust
  161  Fund within the Department of Children and Families for the
  162  purpose of funding the challenge grants established in s.
  163  420.622(4). The remainder shall be used as follows:
  164         1. Half of that amount shall be used for the purposes for
  165  which the State Housing Trust Fund was created and exists by
  166  law.
  167         2. Half of that amount shall be paid into the State
  168  Treasury to the credit of the Local Government Housing Trust
  169  Fund and used for the purposes for which the Local Government
  170  Housing Trust Fund was created and exists by law.
  171         (5) Distributions to the State Housing Trust Fund pursuant
  172  to paragraphs (4)(c) and (d) must be sufficient to cover amounts
  173  required to be transferred to the Florida Affordable Housing
  174  Guarantee Program’s annual debt service reserve and guarantee
  175  fund pursuant to s. 420.5092(6)(a) and (b) up to the amount
  176  required to be transferred to such reserve and fund based on the
  177  percentage distribution of documentary stamp tax revenues to the
  178  State Housing Trust Fund which is in effect in the 2004-2005
  179  fiscal year.
  180         Section 2. Section 420.621, Florida Statutes, is amended to
  181  read:
  182         420.621 Definitions.—As used in ss. 420.621-420.628, the
  183  term:
  184         (1) “Continuum of care” means the group organized to carry
  185  out the responsibilities imposed under ss. 420.621-420.628 to
  186  coordinate, plan, and pursue ending homelessness in a designated
  187  catchment area. The group is composed of representatives from
  188  certain organizations, including, but not limited to, nonprofit
  189  homeless providers, victim service providers, faith-based
  190  organizations, governments, businesses, advocates, public
  191  housing agencies, school districts, social service providers,
  192  mental health agencies, hospitals, universities, affordable
  193  housing developers, law enforcement, organizations that serve
  194  homeless and formerly homeless veterans, and organizations that
  195  serve homeless and formerly homeless persons, to the extent that
  196  these organizations are represented within the designated
  197  catchment area and are available to participate the community
  198  components needed to organize and deliver housing and services
  199  to meet the specific needs of people who are homeless as they
  200  move to stable housing and maximum self-sufficiency. It includes
  201  action steps to end homelessness and prevent a return to
  202  homelessness.
  203         (2) “Continuum of care lead agency” or “continuum of care
  204  collaborative applicant” means the organization designated by a
  205  continuum of care pursuant to s. 420.6225.
  206         (3)(2) “Council on Homelessness” means the council created
  207  in s. 420.622.
  208         (4)(3) “Department” means the Department of Children and
  209  Families.
  210         (4) “District” means a service district of the department,
  211  as set forth in s. 20.19.
  212         (5) “Homeless,means any of the following:
  213         (a) An individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and
  214  adequate nighttime residence as defined under “homeless” in 24
  215  C.F.R. 578.3.
  216         (b) An individual or family who will imminently lose their
  217  primary nighttime residence as defined under “homeless” in 24
  218  C.F.R. 578.3 applied to an individual, or “individual
  219  experiencing homelessness” means an individual who lacks a
  220  fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes an
  221  individual who:
  222         (a) Is sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of
  223  housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason;
  224         (b) Is living in a motel, hotel, travel trailer park, or
  225  camping ground due to a lack of alternative adequate
  226  accommodations;
  227         (c) Is living in an emergency or transitional shelter;
  228         (d) Has a primary nighttime residence that is a public or
  229  private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular
  230  sleeping accommodation for human beings;
  231         (e) Is living in a car, park, public space, abandoned
  232  building, bus or train station, or similar setting; or
  233         (f) Is a migratory individual who qualifies as homeless
  234  because he or she is living in circumstances described in
  235  paragraphs (a)-(e).
  237  The terms do not refer to an individual imprisoned pursuant to
  238  state or federal law or to individuals or families who are
  239  sharing housing due to cultural preferences, voluntary
  240  arrangements, or traditional networks of support. The terms
  241  include an individual who has been released from jail, prison,
  242  the juvenile justice system, the child welfare system, a mental
  243  health and developmental disability facility, a residential
  244  addiction treatment program, or a hospital, for whom no
  245  subsequent residence has been identified, and who lacks the
  246  resources and support network to obtain housing.
  247         (6) “Local coalition for the homeless” means a coalition
  248  established pursuant to s. 420.623.
  249         (7) “New and temporary homeless” means individuals or
  250  families who are homeless due to societal factors.
  251         (6)(8) “State Office on Homelessness” means the state
  252  office created in s. 420.622.
  253         Section 3. Section 420.622, Florida Statutes, is amended to
  254  read:
  255         420.622 State Office on Homelessness; Council on
  256  Homelessness.—
  257         (1) The State Office on Homelessness is created within the
  258  Department of Children and Families to provide interagency,
  259  council, and other related coordination on issues relating to
  260  homelessness.
  261         (2) The Council on Homelessness is created to consist of 19
  262  17 representatives of public and private agencies who shall
  263  develop policy and advise the State Office on Homelessness. The
  264  council members shall be: the Secretary of Children and
  265  Families, or his or her designee; the executive director of the
  266  Department of Economic Opportunity, or his or her designee, who
  267  shall advise the council on issues related to rural development;
  268  the State Surgeon General, or his or her designee; the Executive
  269  Director of Veterans’ Affairs, or his or her designee; the
  270  Secretary of Corrections, or his or her designee; the Secretary
  271  of Health Care Administration, or his or her designee; the
  272  Commissioner of Education, or his or her designee; the Director
  273  of CareerSource Florida, Inc., or his or her designee; one
  274  representative of the Florida Association of Counties; one
  275  representative of the Florida League of Cities; one
  276  representative of the Florida Supportive Housing Coalition; one
  277  representative of the Florida Housing Coalition; the Executive
  278  Director of the Florida Housing Finance Corporation, or his or
  279  her designee; one representative of the Florida Coalition for
  280  the Homeless; the Secretary of the Department of Elder Affairs,
  281  or his or her designee; and four members appointed by the
  282  Governor. The council members shall be nonpaid volunteers and
  283  shall be reimbursed only for travel expenses. The appointed
  284  members of the council shall be appointed to staggered 2-year
  285  terms, and are encouraged to have experience in the
  286  administration or provision of resources, services, or housing
  287  that addresses the needs of persons experiencing homelessness.
  288  The council shall meet at least four times per year. The
  289  importance of minority, gender, and geographic representation
  290  shall be considered in appointing members to the council.
  291         (3) The State Office on Homelessness, pursuant to the
  292  policies set by the council and subject to the availability of
  293  funding, shall:
  294         (a) Coordinate among state, local, and private agencies and
  295  providers to produce a statewide consolidated inventory for the
  296  state’s entire system of homeless programs which incorporates
  297  local continuum of care plans regionally developed plans. Such
  298  programs include, but are not limited to:
  299         1. Programs authorized under the McKinney-Vento Homeless
  300  Assistance Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987,
  301  as amended by the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid
  302  Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act of 2009, 42 U.S.C. ss. 11302
  303  ss. 11371 et seq., and carried out under funds awarded to this
  304  state; and
  305         2. Programs, components thereof, or activities that assist
  306  persons who are homeless or at risk for homelessness.
  307         (b) Collect, maintain, and make available information
  308  concerning persons who are homeless or at risk for homelessness,
  309  including summary demographics information drawn from the local
  310  continuum of care Homeless Management Information System or the
  311  annual Point-in-Time Count, current services and resources
  312  available and the local continuum of care Housing Inventory
  313  Chart required by the Department of Housing and Urban
  314  Development, the cost and availability of services and programs,
  315  and the met and unmet needs of this population. All entities
  316  that receive state funding must provide summary aggregated
  317  access to all data they maintain in summary form, with no
  318  individual identifying information, to assist the council in
  319  providing this information. The State Office on Homelessness, in
  320  consultation with the designated lead agencies for a local
  321  homeless continuum of care and with the Council on Homelessness,
  322  shall develop a process by which summary data is collected the
  323  system and process of data collection from all lead agencies for
  324  the purpose of analyzing trends and assessing impacts in the
  325  statewide homeless delivery system for delivering services to
  326  the homeless. Any statewide homelessness survey and database
  327  system must comply with all state and federal statutory and
  328  regulatory confidentiality requirements.
  329         (c) Annually evaluate state and continuum of care system
  330  programs local services and resources and develop a consolidated
  331  plan for addressing the needs of the homeless or those at risk
  332  for homelessness.
  333         (d) Explore, compile, and disseminate information regarding
  334  public and private funding sources for state and local programs
  335  serving the homeless and provide technical assistance in
  336  applying for such funding.
  337         (e) Monitor and provide recommendations for coordinating
  338  the activities and programs of local continuums of care
  339  coalitions for the homeless and promote the effectiveness of
  340  programs to prevent and end homelessness in the state addressing
  341  the needs of the homeless.
  342         (f) Provide technical assistance to facilitate efforts to
  343  support and strengthen establish, maintain, and expand local
  344  homeless assistance continuums of care.
  345         (g) Develop and assist in the coordination of policies and
  346  procedures relating to the discharge or transfer from the care
  347  or custody of state-supported or state-regulated entities
  348  persons who are homeless or at risk for homelessness.
  349         (h) Spearhead outreach efforts for maximizing access by
  350  people who are homeless or at risk for homelessness to state and
  351  federal programs and resources.
  352         (i) Promote a federal policy agenda that is responsive to
  353  the needs of those who are homeless or at risk of homelessness
  354  the homeless population in this state.
  355         (j) Review reports on continuum of care system performance
  356  measures and Develop outcome and accountability measures and
  357  promote and use such measures to evaluate program effectiveness
  358  and make recommendations for improving current practices to work
  359  toward ending homelessness in this state in order to best meet
  360  the needs of the homeless.
  361         (k) Formulate policies and legislative proposals aimed at
  362  preventing and ending homelessness in this state to address more
  363  effectively the needs of the homeless and coordinate the
  364  implementation of state and federal legislative policies.
  365         (l) Convene meetings and workshops of state and local
  366  agencies, continuums of care local coalitions and programs, and
  367  other stakeholders for the purpose of developing and reviewing
  368  policies, services, activities, coordination, and funding of
  369  efforts to end homelessness meet the needs of the homeless.
  370         (m) With the input of the continuums of care, conduct or
  371  promote research on the effectiveness of current programs and
  372  propose pilot projects aimed at ending homelessness improving
  373  services.
  374         (n) Serve as an advocate for issues relating to
  375  homelessness.
  376         (o) Investigate ways to improve access to participation in
  377  state funding and other programs for prevention and reduction
  378  alleviation of homelessness to faith-based organizations and
  379  collaborate and coordinate with faith-based organizations.
  380         (4) The State Office on Homelessness, with the concurrence
  381  of the Council on Homelessness, shall accept and administer
  382  moneys appropriated to it pursuant to s. 201.15(4)(c) to provide
  383  annual challenge grants to lead agencies of homeless
  384  assistance continuums of care designated by the State Office on
  385  Homelessness pursuant to s. 420.6225 s. 420.624. The department
  386  shall establish varying levels of grant awards up to $750,000
  387  $500,000 per continuum of care lead agency. The department, in
  388  consultation with the Council on Homelessness, shall specify a
  389  grant award level in the notice of the solicitation of grant
  390  applications.
  391         (a) To qualify for the grant, a continuum of care lead
  392  agency must develop and implement a local homeless assistance
  393  continuum of care plan for its designated catchment area. The
  394  services and housing funded through the grant must be
  395  implemented through the continuum of care’s continuum of care
  396  plan must implement a coordinated assessment or central intake
  397  entry system as provided in s. 420.6225(5)(b) and must be
  398  designed to screen, assess, and refer persons seeking assistance
  399  to the appropriate housing intervention and service provider.
  400  The continuum of care lead agency shall also document the
  401  commitment of local government or private organizations to
  402  provide matching funds or in-kind support in an amount equal to
  403  25 percent of the grant requested. Expenditures of leveraged
  404  funds or resources, including third-party cash or in-kind
  405  contributions, are authorized only for eligible activities
  406  carried out in connection with a committed on one project in
  407  which such funds or resources have not been used as leverage or
  408  match for any other project or program. and The expenditures
  409  must be certified through a written commitment.
  410         (b) Preference must be given to those continuum of care
  411  lead agencies that have demonstrated the ability of their
  412  continuum of care to help households move out of homelessness
  413  provide quality services to homeless persons and the ability to
  414  leverage federal homeless-assistance funding under the Stewart
  415  B. McKinney Act with local government funding or private funding
  416  for the provision of services to homeless persons.
  417         (c) Preference must be given to lead agencies in catchment
  418  areas with the greatest need for the provision of housing and
  419  services to the homeless, relative to the population of the
  420  catchment area.
  421         (c)(d) The grant may be used to fund any of the housing,
  422  program, or service needs included in the local homeless
  423  assistance continuum of care plan. The continuum of care lead
  424  agency may allocate the grant to programs, services, or housing
  425  providers that implement the local homeless assistance continuum
  426  of care plan. The lead agency may provide subgrants to a local
  427  agency to implement programs or services or provide housing
  428  identified for funding in the lead agency’s application to the
  429  department. A lead agency may spend a maximum of 10 8 percent of
  430  its funding on administrative costs.
  431         (d)(e) The continuum of care lead agency shall submit a
  432  final report to the department documenting the outcomes achieved
  433  by the grant-funded programs grant in enabling persons who are
  434  homeless to return to permanent housing, thereby ending such
  435  person’s episode of homelessness.
  436         (5) The State Office on Homelessness, with the concurrence
  437  of the Council on Homelessness, may administer moneys given
  438  appropriated to it to provide homeless housing assistance grants
  439  annually to continuum of care lead agencies for local homeless
  440  assistance continuum of care, as recognized by the State Office
  441  on Homelessness, to acquire, construct, or rehabilitate
  442  transitional or permanent housing units for homeless persons.
  443  These moneys shall consist of any sums that the state may
  444  appropriate, as well as money received from donations, gifts,
  445  bequests, or otherwise from any public or private source, which
  446  are intended to acquire, construct, or rehabilitate transitional
  447  or permanent housing units for homeless persons.
  448         (a) Grant applicants shall be ranked competitively based on
  449  criteria determined by the State Office on Homelessness.
  450  Preference must be given to applicants who leverage additional
  451  private funds and public funds, particularly federal funds
  452  designated for the acquisition, construction, or rehabilitation
  453  of transitional or permanent housing for homeless persons; who
  454  acquire, build, or rehabilitate the greatest number of units; or
  455  who acquire, build, or rehabilitate in catchment areas having
  456  the greatest need for housing for the homeless relative to the
  457  population of the catchment area.
  458         (b) Funding for any particular project may not exceed
  459  $750,000.
  460         (c) Projects must reserve, for a minimum of 20 10 years,
  461  the number of units acquired, constructed, or rehabilitated
  462  through homeless housing assistance grant funding to serve
  463  persons who are homeless at the time they assume tenancy.
  464         (d) No more than two grants may be awarded annually in any
  465  given local homeless assistance continuum of care catchment
  466  area.
  467         (e) A project may not be funded which is not included in
  468  the local homeless assistance continuum of care plan, as
  469  recognized by the State Office on Homelessness, for the
  470  catchment area in which the project is located.
  471         (f) The maximum percentage of funds that the State Office
  472  on Homelessness and each applicant may spend on administrative
  473  costs is 10 5 percent.
  474         (6) The State Office on Homelessness, in conjunction with
  475  the Council on Homelessness, shall establish performance
  476  measures related to state funding provided through the State
  477  Office on Homelessness and utilize those grant-related measures
  478  to and specific objectives by which it may evaluate the
  479  performance and outcomes of continuum of care lead agencies that
  480  receive state grant funds. Challenge Grants made through the
  481  State Office on Homelessness shall be distributed to lead
  482  agencies based on their overall performance and their
  483  achievement of specified objectives. Each lead agency for which
  484  grants are made under this section shall provide the State
  485  Office on Homelessness a thorough evaluation of the
  486  effectiveness of the program in achieving its stated purpose. In
  487  evaluating the performance of the lead agencies, the State
  488  Office on Homelessness shall base its criteria upon the program
  489  objectives, goals, and priorities that were set forth by the
  490  lead agencies in their proposals for funding. Such criteria may
  491  include, but are not limited to, the number of persons or
  492  households that are no longer homeless, the rate of recidivism
  493  to homelessness, and the number of persons who obtain gainful
  494  employment.
  495         (7) The State Office on Homelessness must monitor the
  496  challenge grants and homeless housing assistance grants to
  497  ensure proper expenditure of funds and compliance with the
  498  conditions of the applicant’s contract.
  499         (8) The Department of Children and Families, with input
  500  from the Council on Homelessness, may must adopt rules relating
  501  to the challenge grants and the homeless housing assistance
  502  grants and related issues consistent with the purposes of this
  503  section.
  504         (9) The council shall, by June 30 of each year, provide to
  505  the Governor, the Legislature, and the Secretary of Children and
  506  Families a report summarizing the extent of homelessness in the
  507  state and the council’s recommendations for ending reducing
  508  homelessness in this state.
  509         (10) The State Office on Homelessness may administer moneys
  510  appropriated to it for distribution among the 28 local homeless
  511  continuums of care continuum of care lead agencies and entities
  512  funded in the 2017-2018 state fiscal year which are designated
  513  by the office as local coalitions for the homeless designated by
  514  the Department of Children and Families.
  515         Section 4. Section 420.6225, Florida Statutes, is created
  516  to read:
  517         420.6225 Continuum of care.—
  518         (1) The purpose of a continuum of care, as defined in s.
  519  420.621, is to coordinate community efforts to prevent and end
  520  homelessness in its catchment area designated as provided in
  521  subsection (3) and to fulfill the responsibilities set forth in
  522  this chapter.
  523         (2) Pursuant to the federal HEARTH Act of 2009, each
  524  continuum of care is required to designate a collaborative
  525  applicant that is responsible for submitting the continuum of
  526  care funding application for the designated catchment area to
  527  the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
  528  The continuum of care designated collaborative applicant shall
  529  serve as the point of contact to the State Office on
  530  Homelessness, is accountable for representations made in the
  531  application, and, in carrying out responsibilities under this
  532  chapter, may be referred to as the continuum of care lead
  533  agency.
  534         (3) Continuum of care catchment areas must be designated
  535  and revised as necessary by the State Office on Homelessness and
  536  must be consistent with the continuum of care catchment areas
  537  recognized by the United States Department of Housing and Urban
  538  Development for the purposes of awarding federal homeless
  539  assistance funding for continuum of care programs.
  540         (4) The State Office on Homelessness shall recognize only
  541  one continuum of care lead agency for each designated catchment
  542  area. Such continuum of care lead agency must be consistent with
  543  the continuum of care collaborative applicant designation
  544  recognized by the United States Department of Housing and Urban
  545  Development in the awarding of federal funds to continuums of
  546  care.
  547         (5) Each continuum of care shall create a continuum of care
  548  plan, the purpose of which is to implement an effective and
  549  efficient housing crisis response system to prevent and end
  550  homelessness in the continuum of care catchment area. A
  551  continuum of care plan must include all of the following
  552  components:
  553         (a) Outreach to unsheltered individuals and families to
  554  link them with appropriate housing interventions.
  555         (b) A coordinated entry system, compliant with the
  556  requirements of the federal HEARTH Act of 2009, which is
  557  designed to coordinate intake, utilize common assessment tools,
  558  prioritize households for housing interventions, and refer
  559  households to the appropriate housing intervention.
  560         (c) Emergency shelter, designed to provide safe temporary
  561  shelter while the household is in the process of obtaining
  562  permanent housing.
  563         (d) Supportive services, designed to maximize housing
  564  stability once the household is in permanent housing.
  565         (e) Permanent supportive housing, designed to provide long
  566  term affordable housing and support services to persons with
  567  disabilities who are moving out of homelessness.
  568         (f) Rapid ReHousing, as specified in s. 420.6265.
  569         (g) Permanent housing, including linkages to affordable
  570  housing, subsidized housing, long-term rent assistance, housing
  571  vouchers, and mainstream private sector housing.
  572         (h) An ongoing planning mechanism to end homelessness for
  573  all subpopulations of persons experiencing homelessness.
  574         (6) Continuums of care must promote participation by all
  575  interested individuals and organizations and may not exclude
  576  individuals and organizations on the basis of race, color,
  577  national origin, sex, handicap, familial status, or religion.
  578  Faith-based organizations, local governments, and persons who
  579  have experienced homelessness are encouraged to participate. To
  580  the extent possible, these individuals and organizations must be
  581  coordinated and integrated with other mainstream health, social
  582  services, and employment programs for which homeless populations
  583  may be eligible, including, but not limited to, Medicaid, the
  584  State Children’s Health Insurance Program, the Temporary
  585  Assistance for Needy Families Program, the Food Assistance
  586  Program, and services funded through the Mental Health and
  587  Substance Abuse Block Grant, the Workforce Innovation and
  588  Opportunity Act, and the welfare-to-work grant program.
  589         Section 5. Section 420.6227, Florida Statutes, is created
  590  to read:
  591         420.6227 Grant-in-aid program.—
  592         (1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.—The Legislature hereby finds and
  593  declares that many services for households experiencing
  594  homelessness have been provided by local communities through
  595  voluntary private agencies and religious organizations and that
  596  those resources have not been sufficient to prevent and end
  597  homelessness in Florida. The Legislature recognizes that the
  598  level of need and types of problems associated with homelessness
  599  may vary from community to community, due to the diversity and
  600  geographic distribution of the homeless population and the
  601  resulting differing needs of particular communities.
  602         (2) PURPOSE.—The principal purpose of the grant-in-aid
  603  program is to provide needed assistance to continuums of care to
  604  enable them to do all of the following:
  605         (a) Assist persons in their communities who have become, or
  606  may likely become, homeless.
  607         (b) Help homeless households move to permanent housing as
  608  quickly as possible.
  609         (3) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is hereby established a state
  610  grant-in-aid program to help continuums of care prevent and end
  611  homelessness, which may include any aspect of the local
  612  continuum of care plan, as described in s. 420.6225.
  613         (4) APPLICATION PROCEDURE.—Continuums of care that intend
  614  to apply for the grant-in-aid program must submit an application
  615  for grant-in-aid funds to the State Office on Homelessness for
  616  review.
  617         (5) SPENDING PLANS.—The State Office on Homelessness shall
  618  develop guidelines for the development, evaluation, and approval
  619  of spending plans that are created by local continuum of care
  620  lead agencies.
  621         (6) ALLOCATION OF GRANT FUNDS.—The State Office on
  622  Homelessness shall administer state grant-in-aid funds for
  623  continuums of care, which must be awarded on a competitive
  624  basis.
  625         (7) DISTRIBUTION TO LOCAL AGENCIES.—The State Office on
  626  Homelessness shall distribute funds awarded under subsection (6)
  627  to local agencies to fund programs that are required by the
  628  local continuum of care plan, as described in s. 420.6225 and
  629  provided in subsection (3), based upon the recommendations of
  630  the local continuum of care lead agencies, in accordance with
  631  spending plans that are developed by the lead agencies and
  632  approved by the office. Not more than 10 percent of the total
  633  state funds awarded under a spending plan may be used by the
  634  continuum of care lead agency for staffing and administrative
  635  expenditures.
  636         (8) LOCAL MATCHING FUNDS.—If an entity contracts with local
  637  agencies to provide services and receives financial assistance
  638  obtained under this section, the entity must provide a minimum
  639  of 25 percent of the funding necessary for the support of
  640  project operations. In-kind contributions, including, but not
  641  limited to, materials, commodities, transportation, office
  642  space, other types of facilities, or personal services may be
  643  evaluated and counted as part or all of the required local
  644  funding, at the discretion of the State Office on Homelessness.
  645         Section 6. Section 420.623, Florida Statutes, is repealed.
  646         Section 7. Section 420.624, Florida Statutes, is repealed.
  647         Section 8. Section 420.625, Florida Statutes, is repealed.
  648         Section 9. Subsection (3) of section 420.626, Florida
  649  Statutes, is amended, and subsection (2) of that section is
  650  republished, to read:
  651         420.626 Homelessness; discharge guidelines.—
  652         (2) The following facilities and institutions are
  653  encouraged to develop and implement procedures designed to
  654  reduce the discharge of persons into homelessness when such
  655  persons are admitted or housed for more than 24 hours at such
  656  facilities or institutions: hospitals and inpatient medical
  657  facilities; crisis stabilization units; residential treatment
  658  facilities; assisted living facilities; and detoxification
  659  centers.
  660         (3) The procedures should include all of the following:
  661         (a) Development and implementation of a screening process
  662  or other mechanism for identifying persons to be discharged from
  663  the facility or institution who are at considerable risk for
  664  homelessness or face some imminent threat to health and safety
  665  upon discharge.;
  666         (b) Development and implementation of a discharge plan
  667  addressing how identified persons will secure housing and other
  668  needed care and support upon discharge.;
  669         (c) Communication with Assessment of the capabilities of
  670  the entities to whom identified persons may potentially be
  671  discharged to determine their capability to serve such persons
  672  and their acceptance of such discharge into their programs, and
  673  selection of the entity determined to be best equipped to
  674  provide or facilitate the provision of suitable care and
  675  support.;
  676         (d) Coordination of effort and sharing of information with
  677  entities that are expected to bear the responsibility for
  678  providing care or support to identified persons upon discharge.;
  679  and
  680         (e) Provision of sufficient medication, medical equipment
  681  and supplies, clothing, transportation, and other basic
  682  resources necessary to assure that the health and well-being of
  683  identified persons are not jeopardized upon their discharge.
  684         Section 10. Section 420.6265, Florida Statutes, is amended
  685  to read:
  686         420.6265 Rapid ReHousing.—
  688         (a) The Legislature finds that Rapid ReHousing is a
  689  strategy of using temporary financial assistance and case
  690  management to quickly move an individual or family out of
  691  homelessness and into permanent housing, and using housing
  692  stabilization support services to help them remain stably
  693  housed.
  694         (b) The Legislature also finds that public and private
  695  solutions to homelessness in the past have focused on providing
  696  individuals and families who are experiencing homelessness with
  697  emergency shelter, transitional housing, or a combination of
  698  both. While emergency shelter and transitional housing programs
  699  may provide critical access to services for individuals and
  700  families in crisis, the programs often fail to address permanent
  701  housing their long-term needs and may unnecessarily extend their
  702  episodes of homelessness.
  703         (c) The Legislature further finds that most households
  704  become homeless as a result of a financial crisis that prevents
  705  individuals and families from paying rent or a domestic conflict
  706  that results in one member being ejected or leaving without
  707  resources or a plan for housing.
  708         (d) The Legislature further finds that Rapid ReHousing has
  709  proven to be a cost-effective is an alternative approach to
  710  ending homelessness which reduces to the current system of
  711  emergency shelter or transitional housing which tends to reduce
  712  the length of time that a person is homeless and is demonstrably
  713  has proven to be more cost effective than alternative
  714  approaches.
  715         (e) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to
  716  encourage homeless continuums of care to adopt the Rapid
  717  ReHousing approach to ending preventing homelessness for
  718  individuals and families who do not require the intensive
  719  intense level of supports provided in the permanent supportive
  720  housing model.
  722         (a) The Rapid ReHousing response to homelessness differs
  723  from traditional approaches to addressing homelessness by
  724  focusing on each individual’s or family’s barriers to housing.
  725  By using this approach, communities can significantly reduce the
  726  amount of time that individuals and families are homeless and
  727  prevent further episodes of homelessness.
  728         (b) In Rapid ReHousing, when an individual or a family is
  729  identified as being homeless, the individual or family is
  730  assessed and prioritized for housing through the continuum of
  731  care’s coordinated entry system, temporary assistance is
  732  provided to allow the individual or family to obtain permanent
  733  housing as quickly as possible, and necessary, if needed,
  734  assistance is provided to allow the individual or family to
  735  retain housing.
  736         (c) The objective of Rapid ReHousing is to provide
  737  assistance for as short a term as possible so that the
  738  individual or family receiving assistance attains stability and
  739  integration into the community as quickly as possible does not
  740  develop a dependency on the assistance.
  741         Section 11. Section 420.6275, Florida Statutes, is amended
  742  to read:
  743         420.6275 Housing First.—
  745         (a) The Legislature finds that many communities plan to
  746  manage homelessness rather than plan to end it.
  747         (b) The Legislature also finds that for nearly most of the
  748  past two decades, public and private solutions to homelessness
  749  have focused on providing individuals and families who were are
  750  experiencing homelessness with emergency shelter, transitional
  751  housing, or a combination of both. This strategy failed to
  752  recognize that, while emergency shelter programs may provide
  753  critical access to services for individuals and families in
  754  crisis, they often fail to address their long-term needs.
  755         (c) The Legislature further finds that Housing First is a
  756  cost-effective an alternative approach to the current system of
  757  emergency shelter or transitional housing which tends to ending
  758  homelessness and reducing reduce the length of time of
  759  homelessness for many individuals and families and has proven to
  760  be cost-effective.
  761         (d) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to
  762  encourage homeless continuums of care to adopt the Housing First
  763  approach to ending homelessness for individuals and families.
  765         (a) The Housing First approach to homelessness provides
  766  permanent differs from traditional approaches by providing
  767  housing assistance, followed by case management, and support
  768  services responsive to individual or family needs once after
  769  housing is obtained. By using this approach when appropriate,
  770  communities can significantly reduce the amount of time that
  771  individuals and families are homeless and prevent further
  772  episodes of homelessness. Housing First emphasizes that social
  773  services provided to enhance individual and family well-being
  774  can be more effective when people are in their own home, and:
  775         1. The housing is not time-limited.
  776         2. The housing is not contingent on compliance with
  777  services. Instead, participants must comply with a standard
  778  lease agreement.
  779         3. Individuals and families and are provided with
  780  individualized the services and support that are necessary to
  781  help them maintain stable housing do so successfully.
  782         3. A background check and any rehabilitation necessary to
  783  combat an addiction related to alcoholism or substance abuse has
  784  been completed by the individual for whom assistance or support
  785  services are provided.
  786         (b) The Housing First approach addresses the societal
  787  causes of homelessness and advocates for the immediate return of
  788  individuals and families into housing and communities. Housing
  789  First links affordable housing with community-based social
  790  service and health care organizations Housing First provides a
  791  critical link between the emergency and transitional housing
  792  system and community-based social service, educational, and
  793  health care organizations and consists of four components:
  794         1. Crisis intervention and short-term stabilization.
  795         2. Screening, intake, and needs assessment.
  796         3. Provision of housing resources.
  797         4. Provision of case management.
  798         Section 12. Paragraph (d) of subsection (22) of section
  799  420.507, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
  800         420.507 Powers of the corporation.—The corporation shall
  801  have all the powers necessary or convenient to carry out and
  802  effectuate the purposes and provisions of this part, including
  803  the following powers which are in addition to all other powers
  804  granted by other provisions of this part:
  805         (22) To develop and administer the State Apartment
  806  Incentive Loan Program. In developing and administering that
  807  program, the corporation may:
  808         (d) In counties or rural areas of counties that do not have
  809  existing units set aside for homeless persons, forgive
  810  indebtedness for loans provided to create permanent rental
  811  housing units for persons who are homeless, as defined in s.
  812  420.621 s. 420.621(5), or for persons residing in time-limited
  813  transitional housing or institutions as a result of a lack of
  814  permanent, affordable housing. Such developments must be
  815  supported by a local homeless assistance continuum of care
  816  developed under s. 420.6225 s. 420.624, be developed by
  817  nonprofit applicants, be small properties as defined by
  818  corporation rule, and be a project in the local housing
  819  assistance continuum of care plan recognized by the State Office
  820  on Homelessness.
  821         Section 13. This act shall take effect July 1, 2019.