Bill Text: CA SCA20 | 2017-2018 | Regular Session | Amended


Bill Title: Local sales taxes: online sales.

Spectrum: Slight Partisan Bill (Democrat 3-1)

Status: (Introduced) 2018-05-24 - May 25 hearing postponed by committee. [SCA20 Detail]

Download: California-2017-SCA20-Amended.html

Amended  IN  Senate  April 23, 2018

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Constitutional Amendment No. 20


Introduced by Senator Glazer
(Coauthors: Senators Allen, Moorlach, and Wiener)

March 22, 2018


A resolution to propose to the people of the State of California an amendment to the Constitution of the State, by amending Section 25.5 of Article XIII thereof, relating to taxation.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SCA 20, as amended, Glazer. Local sales taxes: online sales.
The Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law authorizes counties and cities to impose a local sales and use tax in accordance with that law for tangible personal property sold at retail in the county or city, or purchased for storage, use, or other consumption in the county or city. Existing law requires the city tax rate to be credited against the county rate so that the combined rate does not exceed 1.25%. Existing law requires the county or city to contract with the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration for the administration of the taxes and requires the department to transmit those taxes to the city or county.
The Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law provides that for the purpose of a local sales tax adopted pursuant to that law, all retail sales are consummated at the place of business of the retailer, unless otherwise specified. Existing law provides that these local sales taxes are allocated to the place where the sale is deemed to take place.
The California Constitution prohibits the Legislature from enacting a statute that would change the method of distributing revenues derived under the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law, as that law read on November 3, 2004, except the Legislature may change that law by statute to allow the state to participate in an interstate compact or to comply with federal law.
This measure would provide that, on and after January 1, 2020, for the purpose of distributing the revenues derived under a sales tax imposed pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law, the retail sale of tangible personal property by a qualified retailer, as defined, that is transacted online is instead consummated at the point of the delivery of that tangible personal property to the purchaser’s address or to any other delivery address designated by the purchaser.

This bill, on and after January 1, 2020, would allow the Legislature to change by statute the method of distributing the revenues derived under a sales tax imposed pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law for the sale of tangible personal property by a qualified retailer that is transacted online.

Vote: 2/3   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NOYES   Local Program: NO  

Resolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring, That the Legislature of the State of California at its 2017–18 Regular Session commencing on the fifth day of December 2016, two-thirds of the membership of each house concurring, hereby proposes to the people of the State of California, that the Constitution of the State be amended as follows:

 That Section 25.5 of Article XIII thereof is amended to read:

SEC. 25.5.
 (a) On or after November 3, 2004, the Legislature shall not enact a statute to do any of the following:
(1) (A) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (B), modify the manner in which ad valorem property tax revenues are allocated in accordance with subdivision (a) of Section 1 of Article XIII A so as to reduce for any fiscal year the percentage of the total amount of ad valorem property tax revenues in a county that is allocated among all of the local agencies in that county below the percentage of the total amount of those revenues that would be allocated among those agencies for the same fiscal year under the statutes in effect on November 3, 2004. For purposes of this subparagraph, “percentage” does not include any property tax revenues referenced in paragraph (2).
(B) In the 2009–10 fiscal year only, and except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (C), subparagraph (A) may be suspended for that fiscal year if all of the following conditions are met:
(i) The Governor issues a proclamation that declares that, due to a severe state fiscal hardship, the suspension of subparagraph (A) is necessary.
(ii) The Legislature enacts an urgency statute, pursuant to a bill passed in each house of the Legislature by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two-thirds of the membership concurring, that contains a suspension of subparagraph (A) for that fiscal year and does not contain any other provision.
(iii) No later than the effective date of the statute described in clause (ii), a statute is enacted that provides for the full repayment to local agencies of the total amount of revenue losses, including interest as provided by law, resulting from the modification of ad valorem property tax revenue allocations to local agencies. This full repayment shall be made not later than the end of the third fiscal year immediately following the fiscal year to which the modification applies.
(C) A suspension of subparagraph (A) shall not result in a total ad valorem property tax revenue loss to all local agencies within a county that exceeds 8 percent of the total amount of ad valorem property tax revenues that were allocated among all local agencies within that county for the fiscal year immediately preceding the fiscal year for which subparagraph (A) is suspended.
(2) (A) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C) and in subdivision (b), restrict the authority of a city, county, or city and county to impose a tax rate under, or change the method of distributing revenues derived under, the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law set forth in Part 1.5 (commencing with Section 7200) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, as that law read on November 3, 2004. The restriction imposed by this subparagraph also applies to the entitlement of a city, county, or city and county to the change in tax rate resulting from the end of the revenue exchange period, as defined in Section 7203.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code as that section read on November 3, 2004.
(B) The Legislature may change by statute the method of distributing the revenues derived under a use tax imposed pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law to allow the State to participate in an interstate compact or to comply with federal law.
(C) The Legislature may authorize by statute two or more specifically identified local agencies within a county, with the approval of the governing body of each of those agencies, to enter into a contract to exchange allocations of ad valorem property tax revenues for revenues derived from a tax rate imposed under the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law. The exchange under this subparagraph of revenues derived from a tax rate imposed under that law shall not require voter approval for the continued imposition of any portion of an existing tax rate from which those revenues are derived.
(3) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2), change for any fiscal year the pro rata shares in which ad valorem property tax revenues are allocated among local agencies in a county other than pursuant to a bill passed in each house of the Legislature by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two-thirds of the membership concurring. The Legislature shall not change the pro rata shares of ad valorem property tax pursuant to this paragraph, nor change the allocation of the revenues described in Section 15 of Article XI, to reimburse a local government when the Legislature or any state agency mandates a new program or higher level of service on that local government.
(4) Extend beyond the revenue exchange period, as defined in Section 7203.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code as that section read on November 3, 2004, the suspension of the authority, set forth in that section on that date, of a city, county, or city and county to impose a sales and use tax rate under the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law.
(5) Reduce, during any period in which the rate authority suspension described in paragraph (4) is operative, the payments to a city, county, or city and county that are required by Section 97.68 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, as that section read on November 3, 2004.
(6) Restrict the authority of a local entity to impose a transactions and use tax rate in accordance with the Transactions and Use Tax Law (Part 1.6 (commencing with Section 7251) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code), or change the method for distributing revenues derived under a transaction and use tax rate imposed under that law, as it read on November 3, 2004.
(7) Require a community redevelopment agency (A) to pay, remit, loan, or otherwise transfer, directly or indirectly, taxes on ad valorem real property and tangible personal property allocated to the agency pursuant to Section 16 of Article XVI to or for the benefit of the State, any agency of the State, or any jurisdiction; or (B) to use, restrict, or assign a particular purpose for such taxes for the benefit of the State, any agency of the State, or any jurisdiction, other than (i) for making payments to affected taxing agencies pursuant to Sections 33607.5 and 33607.7 of the Health and Safety Code or similar statutes requiring such payments, as those statutes read on January 1, 2008, or (ii) for the purpose of increasing, improving, and preserving the supply of low and moderate income housing available at affordable housing cost.

(b)(1)On and after January 1, 2020, the Legislature may change by statute the method of distributing the revenues derived under a sales tax imposed pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law for the sale of tangible personal property by a qualified retailer that is transacted online.

(b) (1) On and after January 1, 2020, for the purpose of distributing the revenues derived under a sales tax imposed pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law, the retail sale of tangible personal property by a qualified retailer that is transacted online is consummated at the point of the delivery of that tangible personal property to the purchaser’s address or to any other delivery address designated by the purchaser.
(2) A sale is “transacted online” if all of the following conditions are met:
(A) The purchaser’s order and payment for the sale and purchase of tangible personal property is transacted and completed on an Internet Web site or web-based application.
(B) The purchaser’s order and payment for the sale and purchase of tangible personal property is not initiated by the qualified retailer using the qualified retailer’s equipment at the qualified retailer’s place of business.
(C) The purchaser does not receive the tangible personal property at the qualified retailer’s place of business or at another location designated by the qualified retailer.
(3) “Qualified retailer” means a retailer whose total cumulative gross receipts from all of the retailer’s sales, within the preceding 12 months, of tangible personal property to purchasers in this state transacted online exceeds one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000).
(4) This subdivision shall not be interpreted to prevent a city, county, or city and county from entering into a contract pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 29 to apportion between them the revenue derived from any sales tax or use tax imposed by them pursuant to the Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Sales and Use Tax Law.
(c) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) “Ad valorem property tax revenues” means all revenues derived from the tax collected by a county under subdivision (a) of Section 1 of Article XIII A, regardless of any of this revenue being otherwise classified by statute.
(2) “Local agency” has the same meaning as specified in Section 95 of the Revenue and Taxation Code as that section read on November 3, 2004.
(3) “Jurisdiction” has the same meaning as specified in Section 95 of the Revenue and Taxation Code as that section read on November 3, 2004.

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