Bill Text: AZ SB1460 | 2019 | Fifty-fourth Legislature 1st Regular | Introduced


Bill Title: TPT; digital goods and services

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 1-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2019-03-12 - Senate minority caucus: Do pass [SB1460 Detail]

Download: Arizona-2019-SB1460-Introduced.html

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE TITLE: TPT; digital goods and services

 

 

 

 

State of Arizona

Senate

Fifty-fourth Legislature

First Regular Session

2019

 

 

 

SB 1460

 

Introduced by

Senator Ugenti-Rita

 

 

AN ACT

 

amending sections 42‑5002, 42‑5010 and 42‑5040, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending section 42‑5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2018, chapter 104, section 15 and chapter 249, section 1; amending Section 42‑5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2018, chapter 104, section 15, chapter 249, section 1 and chapter 263, section 1; amending sections 42‑5071 and 42‑5075, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending title 42, chapter 5, article 2, Arizona Revised Statutes, by adding section 42‑5077; amending section 42‑5151, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending title 42, chapter 5, article 4, Arizona Revised Statutes, by adding section 42‑5155.01; amending section 42‑5167, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending title 42, chapter 6, article 1, Arizona Revised Statutes, by ADDING SECTION 42‑6017; relating to state and local transaction privilege tax.

 

 

 (TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)

 


Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:

Section 1.  Section 42-5002, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5002.  Exclusions from gross income, receipts or proceeds

A.  For the purpose purposes of this article, the total amount of gross income, gross receipts or gross proceeds of sales shall be is deemed to be the amount received, exclusive of:

1.  The taxes imposed by this chapter and chapter 6, article 3 of this title, sales or transaction privilege taxes imposed by municipalities in this state and sales or transaction privilege taxes imposed in this state by Indian tribes, if the Indian tribal tax is imposed with respect to sales by non‑Indian or nonaffiliated Indian vendors to nonmembers of the tribe.  A person who imposes an added charge to cover that covers the tax levied by this article or which that is identified as being imposed to cover transaction privilege tax shall not remit less than the amount so collected to the department.

2.  Freight costs billed to and collected from a purchaser by a retailer for tangible personal property which that, upon on the order of the retailer, is shipped directly from a manufacturer or wholesaler to the purchaser.

B.  For the purposes of this article, the total amount of gross income, gross receipts or gross proceeds of sales for nuclear fuel shall be is deemed to be the value of the purchase price of uranium oxide used in producing the fuel.  The tax imposed by this article may be imposed only once for any one quantity or batch of nuclear fuel regardless of the number of transactions or financing arrangements which that may occur with respect to that nuclear fuel.

C.  For the purposes of articles 2 and 4 of this chapter and chapter 6 of this title:

1.  The gross income, gross receipts, gross proceeds, purchase price or sales price from selling, leasing, licensing, purchasing or using digital services, as defined in section 42-5077, is excluded from tax.  The following do not change the characterization of any digital service as being excluded from tax:

(a)  The ability to receive, view, save, listen to or print the output of a digital service.

(b)  The transfer of any transitory or temporary downloaded files such as cache files or user guides.

(c)  The transfer of any transitory or auxiliary application, including applets, cookies or plug‑ins.

2.  Specified digital goods and prewritten computer software may be taxed only as provided by sections 42‑5077, 42‑5155.01 and 42‑6017.

3.  Paragraph 1 of this subsection does not apply to services Provided by a person that is subject to tax under the online lodging Marketplace classification pursuant to sections 42‑5076 and 42‑6009. END_STATUTE

Sec. 2.  Section 42-5010, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5010.  Rates; distribution base

A.  The tax imposed by this article is levied and shall be collected at the following rates:

1.  Five percent of the tax base as computed for the business of every person engaging or continuing in this state in the following business classifications described in article 2 of this chapter:

(a)  Transporting classification.

(b)  Utilities classification.

(c)  Telecommunications classification.

(d)  Pipeline classification.

(e)  Private car line classification.

(f)  Publication classification.

(g)  Job printing classification.

(h)  Prime contracting classification.

(i)  Amusement classification.

(j)  Restaurant classification.

(k)  Personal property rental classification.

(l)  Retail classification and amounts equal to retail transaction privilege tax due pursuant to section 42‑5008.01.

(m)  digital goods classification.

2.  Five and one‑half percent of the tax base as computed for the business of every person engaging or continuing in this state in:

(a)  The transient lodging classification described in section 42‑5070.

(b)  The online lodging marketplace classification described in section 42‑5076 who has entered into an agreement with the department to register for, or has otherwise obtained from the department, a license to collect tax pursuant to section 42‑5005, subsection L.

3.  Three and one‑eighth percent of the tax base as computed for the business of every person engaging or continuing in this state in the mining classification described in section 42‑5072.

4.  Zero percent of the tax base as computed for the business of every person engaging or continuing in this state in the commercial lease classification described in section 42‑5069.

B.  Except as provided by subsection J of this section, twenty percent of the tax revenues collected at the rate prescribed by subsection A, paragraph 1 of this section from persons on account of engaging in business under the business classifications listed in subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivisions (a) through (h) of this section is designated as distribution base for purposes of section 42‑5029.

C.  Forty percent of the tax revenues collected at the rate prescribed by subsection A, paragraph 1 of this section from persons on account of engaging in business under the business classifications listed in subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivisions (i) through (l) of this section is designated as distribution base for purposes of section 42‑5029.

D.  Thirty‑two percent of the tax revenues collected from persons on account of engaging in business under the business classification listed in subsection A, paragraph 3 of this section is designated as distribution base for purposes of section 42‑5029.

E.  Fifty‑three and one‑third percent of the tax revenues collected from persons on account of engaging in business under the business classification listed in subsection A, paragraph 4 of this section is designated as distribution base for purposes of section 42‑5029.

F.  Fifty percent of the tax revenues collected from persons on account of engaging in business under the business classification listed in subsection A, paragraph 2 of this section is designated as distribution base for purposes of section 42‑5029.

G.  In addition to the rates prescribed by subsection A of this section, if approved by the qualified electors voting at a statewide general election, an additional rate increment is imposed and shall be collected through June 30, 2021.  The taxpayer shall pay taxes pursuant to this subsection at the same time and in the same manner as under subsection A of this section.  The department shall separately account for the revenues collected with respect to the rates imposed pursuant to this subsection and the state treasurer shall distribute all of those revenues in the manner prescribed by section 42‑5029, subsection E.  The rates imposed pursuant to this subsection shall not be considered local revenues for purposes of article IX, section 21, Constitution of Arizona.  The additional tax rate increment is levied at the rate of six‑tenths of one per cent of the tax base of every person engaging or continuing in this state in a business classification listed in subsection A, paragraph 1 of this section.

H.  Any increase in the rate of tax that is imposed by this chapter and that is enacted by the legislature or by a vote of the people does not apply with respect to contracts entered into by prime contractors or pursuant to written bids made by prime contractors on or before the effective date of the legislation or the date of the election enacting the increase.  To qualify for the exemption under this subsection, the prime contractor must maintain sufficient documentation, in a manner and form prescribed by the department, to verify the date of the contract or written bid.

I.  For taxpayers taxable under this chapter other than prime contractors taxable pursuant to section 42‑5075:

1.  Any increase in the rate of tax that is levied by this article or article 2 of this chapter enacted by the legislature or by a vote of the people does not apply for a period of one hundred twenty days from the date of the tax rate increase to the gross proceeds of sales or gross income from the business of the taxpayer with respect to written contracts entered into before the effective date of the tax rate increase unless the taxpayer has entered into a contract that contains a provision that entitles the taxpayer to recover from the purchaser the amount of the additional tax levied.

2.  The provisions of this subsection apply without regard to the accounting method used by the taxpayer to report the taxes imposed under article 2 of this chapter.

3.  The provisions of this subsection shall not be considered in determining the rate of tax imposed under chapter 6, article 3 of this title.

J.  Zero percent of the tax revenues that are collected at the rate prescribed by subsection A, paragraph 1 of this section from persons on account of engaging in business under the business classification listed in subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivision (h) of this section, and that are subject to any distribution required by section 42‑5032.02, is designated as distribution base for the purposes of section 42‑5029 until the total amount subject to distribution pursuant to section 42‑5032.02 has reached the maximum amount prescribed by section 42‑5032.02, subsection C.  Thereafter, twenty percent of the remaining tax revenues is designated as distribution base for the purposes of section 42‑5029 as provided by subsection B of this section. END_STATUTE

Sec. 3.  Section 42-5040, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5040.  Sourcing of certain transactions involving tangible personal property, prewritten computer software and specified digital goods; definitions

A.  Except as provided in section 42‑5075, retail sales of tangible personal property shall be sourced as follows:

1.  To the seller's business location if the seller receives the order at a business location in this state.

2.  Except as provided in section 42‑5008.01, to the purchaser's location in this state if the seller receives the order at a business location outside this state.

B.  For the purposes of this section, an order is received when all of the information necessary to accept the order has been received by or on behalf of the seller, regardless of where the order is accepted or approved. The place of business or residence of the purchaser does not determine where the order is received.

C.  The gross receipts from leasing or renting tangible personal property shall be sourced as follows:

1.  To the lessor's business location if the lessor has a business location in this state.

2.  To the lessee's address if the lessor does not have a business location in this state.  The gross receipts are taxable when the property is shipped, delivered or otherwise brought into this state for use in this state.

D.  Prewritten computer software and specified digital goods shall Be sourced as follows:

1.  To the seller's business location if the seller receives the Order at a business location in this state and the items are to be used in this state.

2.  To the purchaser's location in this state if the seller receives

The order at a business location outside this state but the items are to be used in this state. In the absence of a delivery address, the purchaser's billing address may be used for the purposes of this paragraph.

D.  E.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Lessee's address" means the residential address of an individual lessee and the primary business address of any other lessee.

2.  "Lessor's business location" means the business address that appears on the lessor's transaction privilege tax license. END_STATUTE

Sec. 4.  Section 42-5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2018, chapter 104, section 15 and chapter 249, section 1, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5061.  Retail classification; definitions

A.  The retail classification is comprised of the business of selling tangible personal property at retail.  The tax base for the retail classification is the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business.  The tax imposed on the retail classification does not apply to the gross proceeds of sales or gross income from:

1.  Professional or personal service occupations or businesses that involve sales or transfers of tangible personal property only as inconsequential elements.

2.  Services rendered in addition to selling tangible personal property at retail.

3.  Sales of warranty or service contracts.  The storage, use or consumption of tangible personal property provided under the conditions of such contracts is subject to tax under section 42‑5156.

4.  Sales of tangible personal property by any nonprofit organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes and recognized by the United States internal revenue service under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

5.  Sales to persons engaged in business classified under the restaurant classification of articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, whether simple, mixed or compounded.

6.  Business activity that is properly included in any other business classification that is taxable under this article.

7.  The sale of stocks and bonds.

8.  Drugs and medical oxygen, including delivery hose, mask or tent, regulator and tank, on the prescription of a member of the medical, dental or veterinarian profession who is licensed by law to administer such substances.

9.  Prosthetic appliances as defined in section 23‑501 and as prescribed or recommended by a health professional who is licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 7, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 or 29.

10.  Insulin, insulin syringes and glucose test strips.

11.  Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses.

12.  Hearing aids as defined in section 36‑1901.

13.  Durable medical equipment that has a centers for medicare and medicaid services common procedure code, is designated reimbursable by medicare, is prescribed by a person who is licensed under title 32, chapter 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 17 or 29, can withstand repeated use, is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose, is generally not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury and is appropriate for use in the home.

14.  Sales of motor vehicles to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the motor vehicle dealer ships or delivers the motor vehicle to a destination out of this state.

15.  Food, as provided in and subject to the conditions of article 3 of this chapter and section 42‑5074.

16.  Items purchased with United States department of agriculture coupons issued under the supplemental nutrition assistance program pursuant to the food and nutrition act of 2008 (P.L. 88-525; 78 Stat. 703; 7 United States Code sections 2011 through 2036b) by the United States department of agriculture food and nutrition service or food instruments issued under section 17 of the child nutrition act (P.L. 95‑627; 92 Stat. 3603; P.L. 99‑661, section 4302; P.L. 111-296; 42 United States Code section 1786).

17.  Textbooks by any bookstore that are required by any state university or community college.

18.  Food and drink to a person that is engaged in a business that is classified under the restaurant classification and that provides such food and drink without monetary charge to its employees for their own consumption on the premises during the employees' hours of employment.

19.  Articles of food, drink or condiment and accessory tangible personal property to a school district or charter school if such articles and accessory tangible personal property are to be prepared and served to persons for consumption on the premises of a public school within the district or on the premises of the charter school during school hours.

20.  Lottery tickets or shares pursuant to title 5, chapter 5.1, article 1.

21.  The sale of cash equivalents and the sale of precious metal bullion and monetized bullion to the ultimate consumer, but the sale of coins or other forms of money for manufacture into jewelry or works of art is subject to the tax and the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the redemption of any cash equivalent by the holder as a means of payment for goods or services that are taxable under this article is subject to the tax.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Cash equivalents" means items or intangibles, whether or not negotiable, that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value denominated in money is purchased in advance and may be redeemed in full or in part for tangible personal property, intangibles or services.  Cash equivalents include gift cards, stored value cards, gift certificates, vouchers, traveler's checks, money orders or other instruments, orders or electronic mechanisms, such as an electronic code, personal identification number or digital payment mechanism, or any other prepaid intangible right to acquire tangible personal property, intangibles or services in the future, whether from the seller of the cash equivalent or from another person.  Cash equivalents do not include either of the following:

(i)  Items or intangibles that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value is not denominated in money.

(ii)  Prepaid calling cards or prepaid authorization numbers for telecommunications services made taxable by subsection P of this section.

(b)  "Monetized bullion" means coins and other forms of money that are manufactured from gold, silver or other metals and that have been or are used as a medium of exchange in this or another state, the United States or a foreign nation.

(c)  "Precious metal bullion" means precious metal, including gold, silver, platinum, rhodium and palladium, that has been smelted or refined so that its value depends on its contents and not on its form.

22.  Motor vehicle fuel and use fuel that are subject to a tax imposed under title 28, chapter 16, article 1, sales of use fuel to a holder of a valid single trip use fuel tax permit issued under section 28‑5739, sales of aviation fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under section 28‑8344 and sales of jet fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under article 8 of this chapter.

23.  Tangible personal property sold to a person engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property under the personal property rental classification if such property is to be leased or rented by such person.

24.  Tangible personal property sold in interstate or foreign commerce if prohibited from being so taxed by the constitution of the United States or the constitution of this state.

25.  Tangible personal property sold to:

(a)  A qualifying hospital as defined in section 42‑5001.

(b)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide health and medical related educational and charitable services.

(c)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the organization is dedicated to providing educational, therapeutic, rehabilitative and family medical education training for blind and visually impaired children and children with multiple disabilities from the time of birth to age twenty‑one.

(d)  A qualifying community health center as defined in section 42‑5001.

(e)  A nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that regularly serves meals to the needy and indigent on a continuing basis at no cost.

(f)  For taxable periods beginning from and after June 30, 2001, a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that provides residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy, if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy.

(g)  A qualifying health sciences educational institution as defined in section 42‑5001.

(h)  Any person representing or working on behalf of another person described in subdivisions (a) through (g) of this paragraph if the tangible personal property is incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

26.  Magazines or other periodicals or other publications by this state to encourage tourist travel.

27.  Tangible personal property sold to:

(a)  A person that is subject to tax under this article by reason of being engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075 or to a subcontractor working under the control of a person engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075, if the property so sold is any of the following:

(i)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any real property, structure, project, development or improvement as part of the business.

(ii)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

(iii)  Used in environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

(b)  A person that is not subject to tax under section 42‑5075 and that has been provided a copy of a certificate under section 42‑5009, subsection L, if the property so sold is incorporated or fabricated by the person into the real property, structure, project, development or improvement described in the certificate.

28.  The sale of a motor vehicle to:

(a)  A nonresident of this state if the purchaser's state of residence does not allow a corresponding use tax exemption to the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter and if the nonresident has secured a special ninety day nonresident registration permit for the vehicle as prescribed by sections 28‑2154 and 28‑2154.01.

(b)  An enrolled member of an Indian tribe who resides on the Indian reservation established for that tribe.

29.  Tangible personal property purchased in this state by a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the United States internal revenue code and that engages in and uses such property exclusively in programs for persons with mental or physical disabilities if the programs are exclusively for training, job placement, rehabilitation or testing.

30.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4) or 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization is associated with a major league baseball team or a national touring professional golfing association and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.  This paragraph does not apply to an organization that is owned, managed or controlled, in whole or in part, by a major league baseball team, or its owners, officers, employees or agents, or by a major league baseball association or professional golfing association, or its owners, officers, employees or agents, unless the organization conducted or operated exhibition events in this state before January 1, 2018 that were exempt from taxation under section 42‑5073.

31.  Sales of commodities, as defined by title 7 United States Code section 2, that are consigned for resale in a warehouse in this state in or from which the commodity is deliverable on a contract for future delivery subject to the rules of a commodity market regulated by the United States commodity futures trading commission.

32.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4), 501(c)(6), 501(c)(7) or 501(c)(8) of the internal revenue code if the organization sponsors or operates a rodeo featuring primarily farm and ranch animals and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

33.  Sales of seeds, seedlings, roots, bulbs, cuttings and other propagative material to persons who use those items to commercially produce agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops in this state.

34.  Machinery, equipment, technology or related supplies that are only useful to assist a person with a physical disability as defined in section 46‑191 or a person who has a developmental disability as defined in section 36‑551 or has a head injury as defined in section 41‑3201 to be more independent and functional.

35.  Sales of natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas used to propel a motor vehicle.

36.  Paper machine clothing, such as forming fabrics and dryer felts, sold to a paper manufacturer and directly used or consumed in paper manufacturing.

37.  Coal, petroleum, coke, natural gas, virgin fuel oil and electricity sold to a qualified environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor as defined in section 41‑1514.02 and directly used or consumed in the generation or provision of on-site power or energy solely for environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing or environmental protection.  This paragraph shall apply for twenty full consecutive calendar or fiscal years from the date the first paper manufacturing machine is placed in service.  In the case of an environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor who does not manufacture paper, the time period shall begin with the date the first manufacturing, processing or production equipment is placed in service.

38.  Sales of liquid, solid or gaseous chemicals used in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, mining, refining, metallurgical operations, research and development and, beginning on January 1, 1999, printing, if using or consuming the chemicals, alone or as part of an integrated system of chemicals, involves direct contact with the materials from which the product is produced for the purpose of causing or permitting a chemical or physical change to occur in the materials as part of the production process.  This paragraph does not include chemicals that are used or consumed in activities such as packaging, storage or transportation but does not affect any deduction for such chemicals that is otherwise provided by this section.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "printing" means a commercial printing operation and includes job printing, engraving, embossing, copying and bookbinding.

39.  Through December 31, 1994, personal property liquidation transactions, conducted by a personal property liquidator.  From and after December 31, 1994, personal property liquidation transactions shall be taxable under this section provided that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the taxation of casual activities or transactions under this chapter.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Personal property liquidation transaction" means a sale of personal property made by a personal property liquidator acting solely on behalf of the owner of the personal property sold at the dwelling of the owner or on the death of any owner, on behalf of the surviving spouse, if any, any devisee or heir or the personal representative of the estate of the deceased, if one has been appointed.

(b)  "Personal property liquidator" means a person who is retained to conduct a sale in a personal property liquidation transaction.

40.  Sales of food, drink and condiment for consumption within the premises of any prison, jail or other institution under the jurisdiction of the state department of corrections, the department of public safety, the department of juvenile corrections or a county sheriff.

41.  A motor vehicle and any repair and replacement parts and tangible personal property becoming a part of such motor vehicle sold to a motor carrier who is subject to a fee prescribed in title 28, chapter 16, article 4 and who is engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property.

42.  Sales of:

(a)  Livestock and poultry to persons engaging in the businesses of farming, ranching or producing livestock or poultry.

(b)  Livestock and poultry feed, salts, vitamins and other additives for livestock or poultry consumption that are sold to persons for use or consumption by their own livestock or poultry, for use or consumption in the businesses of farming, ranching and producing or feeding livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products or for use or consumption in noncommercial boarding of livestock.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

43.  Sales of implants used as growth promotants and injectable medicines, not already exempt under paragraph 8 of this subsection, for livestock or poultry owned by or in possession of persons who are engaged in producing livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products or who are engaged in feeding livestock or poultry commercially.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

44.  Sales of motor vehicles at auction to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the vehicles are shipped or delivered out of this state, regardless of where title to the motor vehicles passes or its free on board point.

45.  Tangible personal property sold to a person engaged in business and subject to tax under the transient lodging classification if the tangible personal property is a personal hygiene item or articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, except alcoholic beverages, that are furnished without additional charge to and intended to be consumed by the transient during the transient's occupancy.

46.  Sales of alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215, to a used oil fuel burner who has received a permit to burn used oil or used oil fuel under section 49‑426 or 49‑480.

47.  Sales of materials that are purchased by or for publicly funded libraries including school district libraries, charter school libraries, community college libraries, state university libraries or federal, state, county or municipal libraries for use by the public as follows:

(a)  Printed or photographic materials, beginning August 7, 1985.

(b)  Electronic or digital media materials, beginning July 17, 1994.

48.  Tangible personal property sold to a commercial airline and consisting of food, beverages and condiments and accessories used for serving the food and beverages, if those items are to be provided without additional charge to passengers for consumption in flight.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "commercial airline" means a person holding a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity or foreign air carrier permit for air transportation to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

49.  Sales of alternative fuel vehicles if the vehicle was manufactured as a diesel fuel vehicle and converted to operate on alternative fuel and equipment that is installed in a conventional diesel fuel motor vehicle to convert the vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215.

50.  Sales of any spirituous, vinous or malt liquor by a person that is licensed in this state as a wholesaler by the department of liquor licenses and control pursuant to title 4, chapter 2, article 1.

51.  Sales of tangible personal property to be incorporated or installed as part of environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

52.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization produces, organizes or promotes cultural or civic related festivals or events and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

53.  Application services that are designed to assess or test student learning or to promote curriculum design or enhancement purchased by or for any school district, charter school, community college or state university.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Application services" means software applications provided remotely using hypertext transfer protocol or another network protocol.

(b)  "Curriculum design or enhancement" means planning, implementing or reporting on courses of study, lessons, assignments or other learning activities.

54.  53.  Sales of motor vehicle fuel and use fuel to a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for off-road use in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

55.  54.  Sales of repair parts installed in equipment used directly by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

56.  55.  Sales or other transfers of renewable energy credits or any other unit created to track energy derived from renewable energy resources.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "renewable energy credit" means a unit created administratively by the corporation commission or governing body of a public power utility to track kilowatt hours of electricity derived from a renewable energy resource or the kilowatt hour equivalent of conventional energy resources displaced by distributed renewable energy resources.

57.  56.  Computer data center equipment sold to the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant of a computer data center that is certified by the Arizona commerce authority under section 41‑1519 or an authorized agent of the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant during the qualification period for use in the qualified computer data center.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "computer data center", "computer data center equipment", "qualification period" and "qualified colocation tenant" have the same meanings prescribed in section 41‑1519.

58.  57.  Orthodontic devices dispensed by a dental professional who is licensed under title 32, chapter 11 to a patient as part of the practice of dentistry.

59.  58.  Sales of tangible personal property incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, that is located within the exterior boundaries of an Indian reservation for which the owner, as defined in section 42‑5075, of the project is an Indian tribe or an affiliated Indian.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Affiliated Indian" means an individual native American Indian who is duly registered on the tribal rolls of the Indian tribe for whose benefit the Indian reservation was established.

(b)  "Indian reservation" means all lands that are within the limits of areas set aside by the United States for the exclusive use and occupancy of an Indian tribe by treaty, law or executive order and that are recognized as Indian reservations by the United States department of the interior.

(c)  "Indian tribe" means any organized nation, tribe, band or community that is recognized as an Indian tribe by the United States department of the interior and includes any entity formed under the laws of the Indian tribe.

60.  59.  Sales of works of fine art, as defined in section 44‑1771, at an art auction or gallery in this state to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the vendor ships or delivers the work of fine art to a destination outside this state.

B.  In addition to the deductions from the tax base prescribed by subsection A of this section, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from sales of the following categories of tangible personal property shall be deducted from the tax base:

1.  Machinery, or equipment, used directly in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining or metallurgical operations.  The terms "manufacturing", "processing", "fabricating", "job printing", "refining" and "metallurgical" as used in this paragraph refer to and include those operations commonly understood within their ordinary meaning.  "Metallurgical operations" includes leaching, milling, precipitating, smelting and refining.

2.  Mining machinery, or equipment, used directly in the process of extracting ores or minerals from the earth for commercial purposes, including equipment required to prepare the materials for extraction and handling, loading or transporting such extracted material to the surface.  "Mining" includes underground, surface and open pit operations for extracting ores and minerals.

3.  Tangible personal property sold to persons engaged in business classified under the telecommunications classification, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, and consisting of central office switching equipment, switchboards, private branch exchange equipment, microwave radio equipment and carrier equipment including optical fiber, coaxial cable and other transmission media that are components of carrier systems.

4.  Machinery, equipment or transmission lines used directly in producing or transmitting electrical power, but not including distribution.  Transformers and control equipment used at transmission substation sites constitute equipment used in producing or transmitting electrical power.

5.  Neat animals, horses, asses, sheep, ratites, swine or goats used or to be used as breeding or production stock, including sales of breedings or ownership shares in such animals used for breeding or production.

6.  Pipes or valves four inches in diameter or larger used to transport oil, natural gas, artificial gas, water or coal slurry, including compressor units, regulators, machinery and equipment, fittings, seals and any other part that is used in operating the pipes or valves.

7.  Aircraft, navigational and communication instruments and other accessories and related equipment sold to:

(a)  A person:

(i)  Holding, or exempted by federal law from obtaining, a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity for use as, in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(ii)  That is certificated or licensed under federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121 or 135) as a scheduled or unscheduled carrier of persons for hire for use as or in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iii)  Holding a foreign air carrier permit for air transportation for use as or in conjunction with or becoming a part of aircraft to be used to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iv)  Operating an aircraft to transport persons in any manner for compensation or hire, or for use in a fractional ownership program that meets the requirements of federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 91, subpart K), including as an air carrier, a foreign air carrier or a commercial operator or under a restricted category, within the meaning of 14 Code of Federal Regulations, regardless of whether the operation or aircraft is regulated or certified under part 91, 119, 121, 133, 135, 136 or 137, or another part of 14 Code of Federal Regulations.

(v)  That will lease or otherwise transfer operational control, within the meaning of federal aviation administration operations specification A008, or its successor, of the aircraft, instruments or accessories to one or more persons described in item (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) of this subdivision, subject to section 42‑5009, subsection Q.

(b)  Any foreign government.

(c)  Persons who are not residents of this state and who will not use such property in this state other than in removing such property from this state.  This subdivision also applies to corporations that are not incorporated in this state, regardless of maintaining a place of business in this state, if the principal corporate office is located outside this state and the property will not be used in this state other than in removing the property from this state.

8.  Machinery, tools, equipment and related supplies used or consumed directly in repairing, remodeling or maintaining aircraft, aircraft engines or aircraft component parts by or on behalf of a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

9.  Railroad rolling stock, rails, ties and signal control equipment used directly to transport persons or property.

10.  Machinery or equipment used directly to drill for oil or gas or used directly in the process of extracting oil or gas from the earth for commercial purposes.

11.  Buses or other urban mass transit vehicles that are used directly to transport persons or property for hire or pursuant to a governmentally adopted and controlled urban mass transportation program and that are sold to bus companies holding a federal certificate of convenience and necessity or operated by any city, town or other governmental entity or by any person contracting with such governmental entity as part of a governmentally adopted and controlled program to provide urban mass transportation.

12.  Groundwater measuring devices required under section 45‑604.

13.  New machinery and equipment consisting of agricultural aircraft, tractors, tractor‑drawn implements, self‑powered implements, machinery and equipment necessary for extracting milk, and machinery and equipment necessary for cooling milk and livestock, and drip irrigation lines not already exempt under paragraph 6 of this subsection and that are used for commercial production of agricultural, horticultural, viticultural and floricultural crops and products in this state.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "New machinery and equipment" means machinery and equipment that have never been sold at retail except pursuant to leases or rentals that do not total two years or more.

(b)  "Self‑powered implements" includes machinery and equipment that are electric‑powered.

14.  Machinery or equipment used in research and development.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "research and development" means basic and applied research in the sciences and engineering, and designing, developing or testing prototypes, processes or new products, including research and development of computer software that is embedded in or an integral part of the prototype or new product or that is required for machinery or equipment otherwise exempt under this section to function effectively.  Research and development do not include manufacturing quality control, routine consumer product testing, market research, sales promotion, sales service, research in social sciences or psychology, computer software research that is not included in the definition of research and development, or other nontechnological activities or technical services.

15.  Tangible personal property that is used by either of the following to receive, store, convert, produce, generate, decode, encode, control or transmit telecommunications information:

(a)  Any direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service that operates pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(b)  Any satellite television or data transmission facility, if both of the following conditions are met:

(i)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by the facility during the test period were transmitted to or on behalf of one or more direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission services that operate pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(ii)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by or on behalf of those direct broadcast television or data transmission services during the test period were transmitted by the facility to or on behalf of those services.

For the purposes of subdivision (b) of this paragraph, "test period" means the three hundred sixty‑five day period beginning on the later of the date on which the tangible personal property is purchased or the date on which the direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service first transmits information to its customers.

16.  Clean rooms that are used for manufacturing, processing, fabrication or research and development, as defined in paragraph 14 of this subsection, of semiconductor products.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "clean room" means all property that comprises or creates an environment where humidity, temperature, particulate matter and contamination are precisely controlled within specified parameters, without regard to whether the property is actually contained within that environment or whether any of the property is affixed to or incorporated into real property.  Clean room:

(a)  Includes the integrated systems, fixtures, piping, movable partitions, lighting and all property that is necessary or adapted to reduce contamination or to control airflow, temperature, humidity, chemical purity or other environmental conditions or manufacturing tolerances, as well as the production machinery and equipment operating in conjunction with the clean room environment.

(b)  Does not include the building or other permanent, nonremovable component of the building that houses the clean room environment.

17.  Machinery and equipment used directly in the feeding of poultry, the environmental control of housing for poultry, the movement of eggs within a production and packaging facility or the sorting or cooling of eggs.  This exemption does not apply to vehicles used for transporting eggs.

18.  Machinery or equipment, including related structural components, that is employed in connection with manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining, mining, natural gas pipelines, metallurgical operations, telecommunications, producing or transmitting electricity or research and development and that is used directly to meet or exceed rules or regulations adopted by the federal energy regulatory commission, the United States environmental protection agency, the United States nuclear regulatory commission, the Arizona department of environmental quality or a political subdivision of this state to prevent, monitor, control or reduce land, water or air pollution.

19.  Machinery and equipment that are sold to a person engaged in the commercial production of livestock, livestock products or agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops or products in this state, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, if the machinery and equipment are used directly and primarily to prevent, monitor, control or reduce air, water or land pollution.

20.  Machinery or equipment that enables a television station to originate and broadcast or to receive and broadcast digital television signals and that was purchased to facilitate compliance with the telecommunications act of 1996 (P.L. 104‑104; 110 Stat. 56; 47 United States Code section 336) and the federal communications commission order issued April 21, 1997 (47 Code of Federal Regulations part 73).  This paragraph does not exempt any of the following:

(a)  Repair or replacement parts purchased for the machinery or equipment described in this paragraph.

(b)  Machinery or equipment purchased to replace machinery or equipment for which an exemption was previously claimed and taken under this paragraph.

(c)  Any machinery or equipment purchased after the television station has ceased analog broadcasting, or purchased after November 1, 2009, whichever occurs first.

21.  Qualifying equipment that is purchased from and after June 30, 2004 through June 30, 2024 by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for harvesting or processing qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.  To qualify for this deduction, the qualified business at the time of purchase must present its certification approved by the department.

C.  The deductions provided by subsection B of this section do not include sales of:

1.  Expendable materials.  For the purposes of this paragraph, expendable materials do not include any of the categories of tangible personal property specified in subsection B of this section regardless of the cost or useful life of that property.

2.  Janitorial equipment and hand tools.

3.  Office equipment, furniture and supplies.

4.  Tangible personal property used in selling or distributing activities, other than the telecommunications transmissions described in subsection B, paragraph 15 of this section.

5.  Motor vehicles required to be licensed by this state, except buses or other urban mass transit vehicles specifically exempted pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 11 of this section, without regard to the use of such motor vehicles.

6.  Shops, buildings, docks, depots and all other materials of whatever kind or character not specifically included as exempt.

7.  Motors and pumps used in drip irrigation systems.

8.  Machinery and equipment or other tangible personal property used by a contractor in the performance of a contract.

D.  In addition to the deductions from the tax base prescribed by subsection A of this section, there shall be deducted from the tax base the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from sales of machinery, equipment, materials and other tangible personal property used directly and predominantly to construct a qualified environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing facility as described in section 41‑1514.02.  This subsection applies for ten full consecutive calendar or fiscal years after the start of initial construction.

E.  In computing the tax base, gross proceeds of sales or gross income from retail sales of heavy trucks and trailers does not include any amount attributable to federal excise taxes imposed by 26 United States Code section 4051.

F.  If a person is engaged in an occupation or business to which subsection A of this section applies, the person's books shall be kept so as to show separately the gross proceeds of sales of tangible personal property and the gross income from sales of services, and if not so kept the tax shall be imposed on the total of the person's gross proceeds of sales of tangible personal property and gross income from services.

G.  If a person is engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property at both wholesale and retail, the tax under this section applies only to the gross proceeds of the sales made other than at wholesale if the person's books are kept so as to show separately the gross proceeds of sales of each class, and if the books are not so kept, the tax under this section applies to the gross proceeds of every sale so made.

H.  A person who engages in manufacturing, baling, crating, boxing, barreling, canning, bottling, sacking, preserving, processing or otherwise preparing for sale or commercial use any livestock, agricultural or horticultural product or any other product, article, substance or commodity and who sells the product of such business at retail in this state is deemed, as to such sales, to be engaged in business classified under the retail classification.  This subsection does not apply to:

1.  Agricultural producers who are owners, proprietors or tenants of agricultural lands, orchards, farms or gardens where agricultural products are grown, raised or prepared for market and who are marketing their own agricultural products.

2.  Businesses classified under the:

(a)  Transporting classification.

(b)  Utilities classification.

(c)  Telecommunications classification.

(d)  Pipeline classification.

(e)  Private car line classification.

(f)  Publication classification.

(g)  Job printing classification.

(h)  Prime contracting classification.

(i)  Restaurant classification.

I.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the following shall be deducted from the tax base for the retail classification:

1.  Sales made directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies by a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer.

2.  Sales made directly to a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer if such sales are of any ingredient or component part of products sold directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies by the manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer.

3.  Overhead materials or other tangible personal property that is used in performing a contract between the United States government and a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, including property used in performing a subcontract with a government contractor who is a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, to which title passes to the government under the terms of the contract or subcontract.

4.  Sales of overhead materials or other tangible personal property to a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer if the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the property by the manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer will be exempt under paragraph 3 of this subsection.

J.  There shall be deducted from the tax base fifty percent of the gross proceeds or gross income from any sale of tangible personal property made directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies that is not deducted under subsection I of this section.

K.  The department shall require every person claiming a deduction provided by subsection I or J of this section to file on forms prescribed by the department at such times as the department directs a sworn statement disclosing the name of the purchaser and the exact amount of sales on which the exclusion or deduction is claimed.

L.  In computing the tax base, gross proceeds of sales or gross income does not include:

1.  A manufacturer's cash rebate on the sales price of a motor vehicle if the buyer assigns the buyer's right in the rebate to the retailer.

2.  The waste tire disposal fee imposed pursuant to section 44‑1302.

M.  There shall be deducted from the tax base the amount received from sales of solar energy devices.  The retailer shall register with the department as a solar energy retailer.  By registering, the retailer acknowledges that it will make its books and records relating to sales of solar energy devices available to the department for examination.

N.  In computing the tax base in the case of the sale or transfer of wireless telecommunications equipment as an inducement to a customer to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064, gross proceeds of sales or gross income does not include any sales commissions or other compensation received by the retailer as a result of the customer entering into or continuing a contract for the telecommunications services.

O.  For the purposes of this section, a sale of wireless telecommunications equipment to a person who holds the equipment for sale or transfer to a customer as an inducement to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064 is considered to be a sale for resale in the regular course of business.

P.  Retail sales of prepaid calling cards or prepaid authorization numbers for telecommunications services, including sales of reauthorization of a prepaid card or authorization number, are subject to tax under this section.

Q.  For the purposes of this section, the diversion of gas from a pipeline by a person engaged in the business of:

1.  Operating a natural or artificial gas pipeline, for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment to pressurize the pipeline, is not a sale of the gas to the operator of the pipeline.

2.  Converting natural gas into liquefied natural gas, for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment used in the conversion process, is not a sale of gas to the operator of the compressor equipment.

R.  For the purposes of this section, the transfer of title or possession of coal from an owner or operator of a power plant to a person in the business of refining coal is not a sale of coal if both of the following apply:

1.  The transfer of title or possession of the coal is for the purpose of refining the coal.

2.  The title or possession of the coal is transferred back to the owner or operator of the power plant after completion of the coal refining process.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "coal refining process" means the application of a coal additive system that aids in the reduction of power plant emissions during the combustion of coal and the treatment of flue gas.

S.  If a seller is entitled to a deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section, the department may require the purchaser to establish that the requirements of subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section have been satisfied.  If the purchaser cannot establish that the requirements of subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section have been satisfied, the purchaser is liable in an amount equal to any tax, penalty and interest that the seller would have been required to pay under article 1 of this chapter if the seller had not made a deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section.  Payment of the amount under this subsection exempts the purchaser from liability for any tax imposed under article 4 of this chapter and related to the tangible personal property purchased.  The amount shall be treated as transaction privilege tax to the purchaser and as tax revenues collected from the seller to designate the distribution base pursuant to section 42‑5029.

T.  For the purposes of section 42‑5032.01, the department shall separately account for revenues collected under the retail classification from businesses selling tangible personal property at retail:

1.  On the premises of a multipurpose facility that is owned, leased or operated by the tourism and sports authority pursuant to title 5, chapter 8.

2.  At professional football contests that are held in a stadium located on the campus of an institution under the jurisdiction of the Arizona board of regents.

U.  In computing the tax base for the sale of a motor vehicle to a nonresident of this state, if the purchaser's state of residence allows a corresponding use tax exemption to the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter and the rate of the tax in the purchaser's state of residence is lower than the rate prescribed in article 1 of this chapter or if the purchaser's state of residence does not impose an excise tax, and the nonresident has secured a special ninety day nonresident registration permit for the vehicle as prescribed by sections 28‑2154 and 28‑2154.01, there shall be deducted from the tax base a portion of the gross proceeds or gross income from the sale so that the amount of transaction privilege tax that is paid in this state is equal to the excise tax that is imposed by the purchaser's state of residence on the nonexempt sale or use of the motor vehicle.

V.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Agricultural aircraft" means an aircraft that is built for agricultural use for the aerial application of pesticides or fertilizer or for aerial seeding.

2.  "Aircraft" includes:

(a)  An airplane flight simulator that is approved by the federal aviation administration for use as a phase II or higher flight simulator under appendix H, 14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121.

(b)  Tangible personal property that is permanently affixed or attached as a component part of an aircraft that is owned or operated by a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

3.  "Other accessories and related equipment" includes aircraft accessories and equipment such as ground service equipment that physically contact aircraft at some point during the overall carrier operation.

4.  "Selling at retail" means a sale for any purpose other than for resale in the regular course of business in the form of tangible personal property, but transfer of possession, lease and rental as used in the definition of sale mean only such transactions as are found on investigation to be in lieu of sales as defined without the words lease or rental.

W.  For the purposes of subsection I of this section:

1.  "Assembler" means a person who unites or combines products, wares or articles of manufacture so as to produce a change in form or substance without changing or altering the component parts.

2.  "Manufacturer" means a person who is principally engaged in the fabrication, production or manufacture of products, wares or articles for use from raw or prepared materials, imparting to those materials new forms, qualities, properties and combinations.

3.  "Modifier" means a person who reworks, changes or adds to products, wares or articles of manufacture.

4.  "Overhead materials" means tangible personal property, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from that would otherwise be included in the retail classification, and that are used or consumed in the performance of a contract, the cost of which is charged to an overhead expense account and allocated to various contracts based on generally accepted accounting principles and consistent with government contract accounting standards.

5.  "Repairer" means a person who restores or renews products, wares or articles of manufacture.

6.  "Subcontract" means an agreement between a contractor and any person who is not an employee of the contractor for furnishing of supplies or services that, in whole or in part, are necessary to the performance of one or more government contracts, or under which any portion of the contractor's obligation under one or more government contracts is performed, undertaken or assumed and that includes provisions causing title to overhead materials or other tangible personal property used in the performance of the subcontract to pass to the government or that includes provisions incorporating such title passing clauses in a government contract into the subcontract. END_STATUTE

Sec. 5.  Section 42-5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2018, chapter 104, section 15, chapter 249, section 1 and chapter 263, section 1, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5061.  Retail classification; definitions

A.  The retail classification is comprised of the business of selling tangible personal property at retail.  The tax base for the retail classification is the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business.  The tax imposed on the retail classification does not apply to the gross proceeds of sales or gross income from:

1.  Professional or personal service occupations or businesses that involve sales or transfers of tangible personal property only as inconsequential elements.

2.  Services rendered in addition to selling tangible personal property at retail.

3.  Sales of warranty or service contracts.  The storage, use or consumption of tangible personal property provided under the conditions of such contracts is subject to tax under section 42‑5156.

4.  Sales of tangible personal property by any nonprofit organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes and recognized by the United States internal revenue service under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

5.  Sales to persons engaged in business classified under the restaurant classification of articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, whether simple, mixed or compounded.

6.  Business activity that is properly included in any other business classification that is taxable under this article.

7.  The sale of stocks and bonds.

8.  Drugs and medical oxygen, including delivery hose, mask or tent, regulator and tank, on the prescription of a member of the medical, dental or veterinarian profession who is licensed by law to administer such substances.

9.  Prosthetic appliances as defined in section 23‑501 and as prescribed or recommended by a health professional who is licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 7, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 or 29.

10.  Insulin, insulin syringes and glucose test strips.

11.  Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses.

12.  Hearing aids as defined in section 36‑1901.

13.  Durable medical equipment that has a centers for medicare and medicaid services common procedure code, is designated reimbursable by medicare, is prescribed by a person who is licensed under title 32, chapter 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 17 or 29, can withstand repeated use, is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose, is generally not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury and is appropriate for use in the home.

14.  Sales of motor vehicles to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the motor vehicle dealer ships or delivers the motor vehicle to a destination out of this state.

15.  Food, as provided in and subject to the conditions of article 3 of this chapter and section 42‑5074.

16.  Items purchased with United States department of agriculture coupons issued under the supplemental nutrition assistance program pursuant to the food and nutrition act of 2008 (P.L. 88-525; 78 Stat. 703; 7 United States Code sections 2011 through 2036b) by the United States department of agriculture food and nutrition service or food instruments issued under section 17 of the child nutrition act (P.L. 95‑627; 92 Stat. 3603; P.L. 99‑661, section 4302; P.L. 111-296; 42 United States Code section 1786).

17.  Textbooks by any bookstore that are required by any state university or community college.

18.  Food and drink to a person that is engaged in a business that is classified under the restaurant classification and that provides such food and drink without monetary charge to its employees for their own consumption on the premises during the employees' hours of employment.

19.  Articles of food, drink or condiment and accessory tangible personal property to a school district or charter school if such articles and accessory tangible personal property are to be prepared and served to persons for consumption on the premises of a public school within the district or on the premises of the charter school during school hours.

20.  Lottery tickets or shares pursuant to title 5, chapter 5.1, article 1.

21.  The sale of cash equivalents and the sale of precious metal bullion and monetized bullion to the ultimate consumer, but the sale of coins or other forms of money for manufacture into jewelry or works of art is subject to the tax and the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the redemption of any cash equivalent by the holder as a means of payment for goods or services that are taxable under this article is subject to the tax.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Cash equivalents" means items or intangibles, whether or not negotiable, that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value denominated in money is purchased in advance and may be redeemed in full or in part for tangible personal property, intangibles or services.  Cash equivalents include gift cards, stored value cards, gift certificates, vouchers, traveler's checks, money orders or other instruments, orders or electronic mechanisms, such as an electronic code, personal identification number or digital payment mechanism, or any other prepaid intangible right to acquire tangible personal property, intangibles or services in the future, whether from the seller of the cash equivalent or from another person.  Cash equivalents do not include either of the following:

(i)  Items or intangibles that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value is not denominated in money.

(ii)  Prepaid calling cards or prepaid authorization numbers for telecommunications services made taxable by subsection P of this section.

(b)  "Monetized bullion" means coins and other forms of money that are manufactured from gold, silver or other metals and that have been or are used as a medium of exchange in this or another state, the United States or a foreign nation.

(c)  "Precious metal bullion" means precious metal, including gold, silver, platinum, rhodium and palladium, that has been smelted or refined so that its value depends on its contents and not on its form.

22.  Motor vehicle fuel and use fuel that are subject to a tax imposed under title 28, chapter 16, article 1, sales of use fuel to a holder of a valid single trip use fuel tax permit issued under section 28‑5739, sales of aviation fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under section 28‑8344 and sales of jet fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under article 8 of this chapter.

23.  Tangible personal property sold to a person engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property under the personal property rental classification if such property is to be leased or rented by such person.

24.  Tangible personal property sold in interstate or foreign commerce if prohibited from being so taxed by the constitution of the United States or the constitution of this state.

25.  Tangible personal property sold to:

(a)  A qualifying hospital as defined in section 42‑5001.

(b)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide health and medical related educational and charitable services.

(c)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the organization is dedicated to providing educational, therapeutic, rehabilitative and family medical education training for blind and visually impaired children and children with multiple disabilities from the time of birth to age twenty‑one.

(d)  A qualifying community health center as defined in section 42‑5001.

(e)  A nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that regularly serves meals to the needy and indigent on a continuing basis at no cost.

(f)  For taxable periods beginning from and after June 30, 2001, a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that provides residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy, if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy.

(g)  A qualifying health sciences educational institution as defined in section 42‑5001.

(h)  Any person representing or working on behalf of another person described in subdivisions (a) through (g) of this paragraph if the tangible personal property is incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

26.  Magazines or other periodicals or other publications by this state to encourage tourist travel.

27.  Tangible personal property sold to:

(a)  A person that is subject to tax under this article by reason of being engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075 or to a subcontractor working under the control of a person engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075, if the property so sold is any of the following:

(i)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any real property, structure, project, development or improvement as part of the business.

(ii)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

(iii)  Used in environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

(b)  A person that is not subject to tax under section 42‑5075 and that has been provided a copy of a certificate under section 42‑5009, subsection L, if the property so sold is incorporated or fabricated by the person into the real property, structure, project, development or improvement described in the certificate.

28.  The sale of a motor vehicle to:

(a)  A nonresident of this state if the purchaser's state of residence does not allow a corresponding use tax exemption to the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter and if the nonresident has secured a special ninety day nonresident registration permit for the vehicle as prescribed by sections 28‑2154 and 28‑2154.01.

(b)  An enrolled member of an Indian tribe who resides on the Indian reservation established for that tribe.

29.  Tangible personal property purchased in this state by a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the United States internal revenue code and that engages in and uses such property exclusively in programs for persons with mental or physical disabilities if the programs are exclusively for training, job placement, rehabilitation or testing.

30.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4) or 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization is associated with a major league baseball team or a national touring professional golfing association and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.  This paragraph does not apply to an organization that is owned, managed or controlled, in whole or in part, by a major league baseball team, or its owners, officers, employees or agents, or by a major league baseball association or professional golfing association, or its owners, officers, employees or agents, unless the organization conducted or operated exhibition events in this state before January 1, 2018 that were exempt from taxation under section 42‑5073.

31.  Sales of commodities, as defined by title 7 United States Code section 2, that are consigned for resale in a warehouse in this state in or from which the commodity is deliverable on a contract for future delivery subject to the rules of a commodity market regulated by the United States commodity futures trading commission.

32.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4), 501(c)(6), 501(c)(7) or 501(c)(8) of the internal revenue code if the organization sponsors or operates a rodeo featuring primarily farm and ranch animals and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

33.  Sales of seeds, seedlings, roots, bulbs, cuttings and other propagative material to persons who use those items to commercially produce agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops in this state.

34.  Machinery, equipment, technology or related supplies that are only useful to assist a person with a physical disability as defined in section 46‑191 or a person who has a developmental disability as defined in section 36‑551 or has a head injury as defined in section 41‑3201 to be more independent and functional.

35.  Sales of natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas used to propel a motor vehicle.

36.  Paper machine clothing, such as forming fabrics and dryer felts, sold to a paper manufacturer and directly used or consumed in paper manufacturing.

37.  Petroleum, coke, natural gas, virgin fuel oil and electricity sold to a qualified environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor as defined in section 41‑1514.02 and directly used or consumed in the generation or provision of on-site power or energy solely for environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing or environmental protection.  This paragraph shall apply for twenty full consecutive calendar or fiscal years from the date the first paper manufacturing machine is placed in service.  In the case of an environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor who does not manufacture paper, the time period shall begin with the date the first manufacturing, processing or production equipment is placed in service.

38.  Sales of liquid, solid or gaseous chemicals used in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, mining, refining, metallurgical operations, research and development and, beginning on January 1, 1999, printing, if using or consuming the chemicals, alone or as part of an integrated system of chemicals, involves direct contact with the materials from which the product is produced for the purpose of causing or permitting a chemical or physical change to occur in the materials as part of the production process.  This paragraph does not include chemicals that are used or consumed in activities such as packaging, storage or transportation but does not affect any deduction for such chemicals that is otherwise provided by this section.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "printing" means a commercial printing operation and includes job printing, engraving, embossing, copying and bookbinding.

39.  Through December 31, 1994, personal property liquidation transactions, conducted by a personal property liquidator.  From and after December 31, 1994, personal property liquidation transactions shall be taxable under this section provided that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the taxation of casual activities or transactions under this chapter.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Personal property liquidation transaction" means a sale of personal property made by a personal property liquidator acting solely on behalf of the owner of the personal property sold at the dwelling of the owner or on the death of any owner, on behalf of the surviving spouse, if any, any devisee or heir or the personal representative of the estate of the deceased, if one has been appointed.

(b)  "Personal property liquidator" means a person who is retained to conduct a sale in a personal property liquidation transaction.

40.  Sales of food, drink and condiment for consumption within the premises of any prison, jail or other institution under the jurisdiction of the state department of corrections, the department of public safety, the department of juvenile corrections or a county sheriff.

41.  A motor vehicle and any repair and replacement parts and tangible personal property becoming a part of such motor vehicle sold to a motor carrier who is subject to a fee prescribed in title 28, chapter 16, article 4 and who is engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property.

42.  Sales of:

(a)  Livestock and poultry to persons engaging in the businesses of farming, ranching or producing livestock or poultry.

(b)  Livestock and poultry feed, salts, vitamins and other additives for livestock or poultry consumption that are sold to persons for use or consumption by their own livestock or poultry, for use or consumption in the businesses of farming, ranching and producing or feeding livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products or for use or consumption in noncommercial boarding of livestock.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

43.  Sales of implants used as growth promotants and injectable medicines, not already exempt under paragraph 8 of this subsection, for livestock or poultry owned by or in possession of persons who are engaged in producing livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products or who are engaged in feeding livestock or poultry commercially.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

44.  Sales of motor vehicles at auction to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the vehicles are shipped or delivered out of this state, regardless of where title to the motor vehicles passes or its free on board point.

45.  Tangible personal property sold to a person engaged in business and subject to tax under the transient lodging classification if the tangible personal property is a personal hygiene item or articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, except alcoholic beverages, that are furnished without additional charge to and intended to be consumed by the transient during the transient's occupancy.

46.  Sales of alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215, to a used oil fuel burner who has received a permit to burn used oil or used oil fuel under section 49‑426 or 49‑480.

47.  Sales of materials that are purchased by or for publicly funded libraries including school district libraries, charter school libraries, community college libraries, state university libraries or federal, state, county or municipal libraries for use by the public as follows:

(a)  Printed or photographic materials, beginning August 7, 1985.

(b)  Electronic or digital media materials, beginning July 17, 1994.

48.  Tangible personal property sold to a commercial airline and consisting of food, beverages and condiments and accessories used for serving the food and beverages, if those items are to be provided without additional charge to passengers for consumption in flight.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "commercial airline" means a person holding a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity or foreign air carrier permit for air transportation to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

49.  Sales of alternative fuel vehicles if the vehicle was manufactured as a diesel fuel vehicle and converted to operate on alternative fuel and equipment that is installed in a conventional diesel fuel motor vehicle to convert the vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215.

50.  Sales of any spirituous, vinous or malt liquor by a person that is licensed in this state as a wholesaler by the department of liquor licenses and control pursuant to title 4, chapter 2, article 1.

51.  Sales of tangible personal property to be incorporated or installed as part of environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

52.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization produces, organizes or promotes cultural or civic related festivals or events and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

53.  Application services that are designed to assess or test student learning or to promote curriculum design or enhancement purchased by or for any school district, charter school, community college or state university.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Application services" means software applications provided remotely using hypertext transfer protocol or another network protocol.

(b)  "Curriculum design or enhancement" means planning, implementing or reporting on courses of study, lessons, assignments or other learning activities.

54.  53.  Sales of motor vehicle fuel and use fuel to a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for off-road use in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

55.  54.  Sales of repair parts installed in equipment used directly by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

56.  55.  Sales or other transfers of renewable energy credits or any other unit created to track energy derived from renewable energy resources.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "renewable energy credit" means a unit created administratively by the corporation commission or governing body of a public power utility to track kilowatt hours of electricity derived from a renewable energy resource or the kilowatt hour equivalent of conventional energy resources displaced by distributed renewable energy resources.

57.  56.  Computer data center equipment sold to the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant of a computer data center that is certified by the Arizona commerce authority under section 41‑1519 or an authorized agent of the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant during the qualification period for use in the qualified computer data center.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "computer data center", "computer data center equipment", "qualification period" and "qualified colocation tenant" have the same meanings prescribed in section 41‑1519.

58.  57.  Orthodontic devices dispensed by a dental professional who is licensed under title 32, chapter 11 to a patient as part of the practice of dentistry.

59.  58.  Sales of tangible personal property incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, that is located within the exterior boundaries of an Indian reservation for which the owner, as defined in section 42‑5075, of the project is an Indian tribe or an affiliated Indian.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Affiliated Indian" means an individual native American Indian who is duly registered on the tribal rolls of the Indian tribe for whose benefit the Indian reservation was established.

(b)  "Indian reservation" means all lands that are within the limits of areas set aside by the United States for the exclusive use and occupancy of an Indian tribe by treaty, law or executive order and that are recognized as Indian reservations by the United States department of the interior.

(c)  "Indian tribe" means any organized nation, tribe, band or community that is recognized as an Indian tribe by the United States department of the interior and includes any entity formed under the laws of the Indian tribe.

60.  59.  Sales of works of fine art, as defined in section 44‑1771, at an art auction or gallery in this state to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the vendor ships or delivers the work of fine art to a destination outside this state.

61.  60.  Sales of coal.

B.  In addition to the deductions from the tax base prescribed by subsection A of this section, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from sales of the following categories of tangible personal property shall be deducted from the tax base:

1.  Machinery, or equipment, used directly in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining or metallurgical operations.  The terms "manufacturing", "processing", "fabricating", "job printing", "refining" and "metallurgical" as used in this paragraph refer to and include those operations commonly understood within their ordinary meaning.  "Metallurgical operations" includes leaching, milling, precipitating, smelting and refining.

2.  Mining machinery, or equipment, used directly in the process of extracting ores or minerals from the earth for commercial purposes, including equipment required to prepare the materials for extraction and handling, loading or transporting such extracted material to the surface.  "Mining" includes underground, surface and open pit operations for extracting ores and minerals.

3.  Tangible personal property sold to persons engaged in business classified under the telecommunications classification, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, and consisting of central office switching equipment, switchboards, private branch exchange equipment, microwave radio equipment and carrier equipment including optical fiber, coaxial cable and other transmission media that are components of carrier systems.

4.  Machinery, equipment or transmission lines used directly in producing or transmitting electrical power, but not including distribution.  Transformers and control equipment used at transmission substation sites constitute equipment used in producing or transmitting electrical power.

5.  Neat animals, horses, asses, sheep, ratites, swine or goats used or to be used as breeding or production stock, including sales of breedings or ownership shares in such animals used for breeding or production.

6.  Pipes or valves four inches in diameter or larger used to transport oil, natural gas, artificial gas, water or coal slurry, including compressor units, regulators, machinery and equipment, fittings, seals and any other part that is used in operating the pipes or valves.

7.  Aircraft, navigational and communication instruments and other accessories and related equipment sold to:

(a)  A person:

(i)  Holding, or exempted by federal law from obtaining, a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity for use as, in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(ii)  That is certificated or licensed under federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121 or 135) as a scheduled or unscheduled carrier of persons for hire for use as or in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iii)  Holding a foreign air carrier permit for air transportation for use as or in conjunction with or becoming a part of aircraft to be used to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iv)  Operating an aircraft to transport persons in any manner for compensation or hire, or for use in a fractional ownership program that meets the requirements of federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 91, subpart K), including as an air carrier, a foreign air carrier or a commercial operator or under a restricted category, within the meaning of 14 Code of Federal Regulations, regardless of whether the operation or aircraft is regulated or certified under part 91, 119, 121, 133, 135, 136 or 137, or another part of 14 Code of Federal Regulations.

(v)  That will lease or otherwise transfer operational control, within the meaning of federal aviation administration operations specification A008, or its successor, of the aircraft, instruments or accessories to one or more persons described in item (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) of this subdivision, subject to section 42‑5009, subsection Q.

(b)  Any foreign government.

(c)  Persons who are not residents of this state and who will not use such property in this state other than in removing such property from this state.  This subdivision also applies to corporations that are not incorporated in this state, regardless of maintaining a place of business in this state, if the principal corporate office is located outside this state and the property will not be used in this state other than in removing the property from this state.

8.  Machinery, tools, equipment and related supplies used or consumed directly in repairing, remodeling or maintaining aircraft, aircraft engines or aircraft component parts by or on behalf of a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

9.  Railroad rolling stock, rails, ties and signal control equipment used directly to transport persons or property.

10.  Machinery or equipment used directly to drill for oil or gas or used directly in the process of extracting oil or gas from the earth for commercial purposes.

11.  Buses or other urban mass transit vehicles that are used directly to transport persons or property for hire or pursuant to a governmentally adopted and controlled urban mass transportation program and that are sold to bus companies holding a federal certificate of convenience and necessity or operated by any city, town or other governmental entity or by any person contracting with such governmental entity as part of a governmentally adopted and controlled program to provide urban mass transportation.

12.  Groundwater measuring devices required under section 45‑604.

13.  New machinery and equipment consisting of agricultural aircraft, tractors, tractor‑drawn implements, self‑powered implements, machinery and equipment necessary for extracting milk, and machinery and equipment necessary for cooling milk and livestock, and drip irrigation lines not already exempt under paragraph 6 of this subsection and that are used for commercial production of agricultural, horticultural, viticultural and floricultural crops and products in this state.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "New machinery and equipment" means machinery and equipment that have never been sold at retail except pursuant to leases or rentals that do not total two years or more.

(b)  "Self‑powered implements" includes machinery and equipment that are electric‑powered.

14.  Machinery or equipment used in research and development.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "research and development" means basic and applied research in the sciences and engineering, and designing, developing or testing prototypes, processes or new products, including research and development of computer software that is embedded in or an integral part of the prototype or new product or that is required for machinery or equipment otherwise exempt under this section to function effectively.  Research and development do not include manufacturing quality control, routine consumer product testing, market research, sales promotion, sales service, research in social sciences or psychology, computer software research that is not included in the definition of research and development, or other nontechnological activities or technical services.

15.  Tangible personal property that is used by either of the following to receive, store, convert, produce, generate, decode, encode, control or transmit telecommunications information:

(a)  Any direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service that operates pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(b)  Any satellite television or data transmission facility, if both of the following conditions are met:

(i)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by the facility during the test period were transmitted to or on behalf of one or more direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission services that operate pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(ii)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by or on behalf of those direct broadcast television or data transmission services during the test period were transmitted by the facility to or on behalf of those services.

For the purposes of subdivision (b) of this paragraph, "test period" means the three hundred sixty‑five day period beginning on the later of the date on which the tangible personal property is purchased or the date on which the direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service first transmits information to its customers.

16.  Clean rooms that are used for manufacturing, processing, fabrication or research and development, as defined in paragraph 14 of this subsection, of semiconductor products.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "clean room" means all property that comprises or creates an environment where humidity, temperature, particulate matter and contamination are precisely controlled within specified parameters, without regard to whether the property is actually contained within that environment or whether any of the property is affixed to or incorporated into real property.  Clean room:

(a)  Includes the integrated systems, fixtures, piping, movable partitions, lighting and all property that is necessary or adapted to reduce contamination or to control airflow, temperature, humidity, chemical purity or other environmental conditions or manufacturing tolerances, as well as the production machinery and equipment operating in conjunction with the clean room environment.

(b)  Does not include the building or other permanent, nonremovable component of the building that houses the clean room environment.

17.  Machinery and equipment used directly in the feeding of poultry, the environmental control of housing for poultry, the movement of eggs within a production and packaging facility or the sorting or cooling of eggs.  This exemption does not apply to vehicles used for transporting eggs.

18.  Machinery or equipment, including related structural components, that is employed in connection with manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining, mining, natural gas pipelines, metallurgical operations, telecommunications, producing or transmitting electricity or research and development and that is used directly to meet or exceed rules or regulations adopted by the federal energy regulatory commission, the United States environmental protection agency, the United States nuclear regulatory commission, the Arizona department of environmental quality or a political subdivision of this state to prevent, monitor, control or reduce land, water or air pollution.

19.  Machinery and equipment that are sold to a person engaged in the commercial production of livestock, livestock products or agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops or products in this state, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, if the machinery and equipment are used directly and primarily to prevent, monitor, control or reduce air, water or land pollution.

20.  Machinery or equipment that enables a television station to originate and broadcast or to receive and broadcast digital television signals and that was purchased to facilitate compliance with the telecommunications act of 1996 (P.L. 104‑104; 110 Stat. 56; 47 United States Code section 336) and the federal communications commission order issued April 21, 1997 (47 Code of Federal Regulations part 73).  This paragraph does not exempt any of the following:

(a)  Repair or replacement parts purchased for the machinery or equipment described in this paragraph.

(b)  Machinery or equipment purchased to replace machinery or equipment for which an exemption was previously claimed and taken under this paragraph.

(c)  Any machinery or equipment purchased after the television station has ceased analog broadcasting, or purchased after November 1, 2009, whichever occurs first.

21.  Qualifying equipment that is purchased from and after June 30, 2004 through June 30, 2024 by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for harvesting or processing qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.  To qualify for this deduction, the qualified business at the time of purchase must present its certification approved by the department.

C.  The deductions provided by subsection B of this section do not include sales of:

1.  Expendable materials.  For the purposes of this paragraph, expendable materials do not include any of the categories of tangible personal property specified in subsection B of this section regardless of the cost or useful life of that property.

2.  Janitorial equipment and hand tools.

3.  Office equipment, furniture and supplies.

4.  Tangible personal property used in selling or distributing activities, other than the telecommunications transmissions described in subsection B, paragraph 15 of this section.

5.  Motor vehicles required to be licensed by this state, except buses or other urban mass transit vehicles specifically exempted pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 11 of this section, without regard to the use of such motor vehicles.

6.  Shops, buildings, docks, depots and all other materials of whatever kind or character not specifically included as exempt.

7.  Motors and pumps used in drip irrigation systems.

8.  Machinery and equipment or other tangible personal property used by a contractor in the performance of a contract.

D.  In addition to the deductions from the tax base prescribed by subsection A of this section, there shall be deducted from the tax base the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from sales of machinery, equipment, materials and other tangible personal property used directly and predominantly to construct a qualified environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing facility as described in section 41‑1514.02.  This subsection applies for ten full consecutive calendar or fiscal years after the start of initial construction.

E.  In computing the tax base, gross proceeds of sales or gross income from retail sales of heavy trucks and trailers does not include any amount attributable to federal excise taxes imposed by 26 United States Code section 4051.

F.  If a person is engaged in an occupation or business to which subsection A of this section applies, the person's books shall be kept so as to show separately the gross proceeds of sales of tangible personal property and the gross income from sales of services, and if not so kept the tax shall be imposed on the total of the person's gross proceeds of sales of tangible personal property and gross income from services.

G.  If a person is engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property at both wholesale and retail, the tax under this section applies only to the gross proceeds of the sales made other than at wholesale if the person's books are kept so as to show separately the gross proceeds of sales of each class, and if the books are not so kept, the tax under this section applies to the gross proceeds of every sale so made.

H.  A person who engages in manufacturing, baling, crating, boxing, barreling, canning, bottling, sacking, preserving, processing or otherwise preparing for sale or commercial use any livestock, agricultural or horticultural product or any other product, article, substance or commodity and who sells the product of such business at retail in this state is deemed, as to such sales, to be engaged in business classified under the retail classification.  This subsection does not apply to:

1.  Agricultural producers who are owners, proprietors or tenants of agricultural lands, orchards, farms or gardens where agricultural products are grown, raised or prepared for market and who are marketing their own agricultural products.

2.  Businesses classified under the:

(a)  Transporting classification.

(b)  Utilities classification.

(c)  Telecommunications classification.

(d)  Pipeline classification.

(e)  Private car line classification.

(f)  Publication classification.

(g)  Job printing classification.

(h)  Prime contracting classification.

(i)  Restaurant classification.

I.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the following shall be deducted from the tax base for the retail classification:

1.  Sales made directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies by a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer.

2.  Sales made directly to a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer if such sales are of any ingredient or component part of products sold directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies by the manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer.

3.  Overhead materials or other tangible personal property that is used in performing a contract between the United States government and a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, including property used in performing a subcontract with a government contractor who is a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, to which title passes to the government under the terms of the contract or subcontract.

4.  Sales of overhead materials or other tangible personal property to a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer if the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the property by the manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer will be exempt under paragraph 3 of this subsection.

J.  There shall be deducted from the tax base fifty percent of the gross proceeds or gross income from any sale of tangible personal property made directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies that is not deducted under subsection I of this section.

K.  The department shall require every person claiming a deduction provided by subsection I or J of this section to file on forms prescribed by the department at such times as the department directs a sworn statement disclosing the name of the purchaser and the exact amount of sales on which the exclusion or deduction is claimed.

L.  In computing the tax base, gross proceeds of sales or gross income does not include:

1.  A manufacturer's cash rebate on the sales price of a motor vehicle if the buyer assigns the buyer's right in the rebate to the retailer.

2.  The waste tire disposal fee imposed pursuant to section 44‑1302.

M.  There shall be deducted from the tax base the amount received from sales of solar energy devices.  The retailer shall register with the department as a solar energy retailer.  By registering, the retailer acknowledges that it will make its books and records relating to sales of solar energy devices available to the department for examination.

N.  In computing the tax base in the case of the sale or transfer of wireless telecommunications equipment as an inducement to a customer to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064, gross proceeds of sales or gross income does not include any sales commissions or other compensation received by the retailer as a result of the customer entering into or continuing a contract for the telecommunications services.

O.  For the purposes of this section, a sale of wireless telecommunications equipment to a person who holds the equipment for sale or transfer to a customer as an inducement to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064 is considered to be a sale for resale in the regular course of business.

P.  Retail sales of prepaid calling cards or prepaid authorization numbers for telecommunications services, including sales of reauthorization of a prepaid card or authorization number, are subject to tax under this section.

Q.  For the purposes of this section, the diversion of gas from a pipeline by a person engaged in the business of:

1.  Operating a natural or artificial gas pipeline, for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment to pressurize the pipeline, is not a sale of the gas to the operator of the pipeline.

2.  Converting natural gas into liquefied natural gas, for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment used in the conversion process, is not a sale of gas to the operator of the compressor equipment.

R.  If a seller is entitled to a deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section, the department may require the purchaser to establish that the requirements of subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section have been satisfied.  If the purchaser cannot establish that the requirements of subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section have been satisfied, the purchaser is liable in an amount equal to any tax, penalty and interest that the seller would have been required to pay under article 1 of this chapter if the seller had not made a deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section.  Payment of the amount under this subsection exempts the purchaser from liability for any tax imposed under article 4 of this chapter and related to the tangible personal property purchased.  The amount shall be treated as transaction privilege tax to the purchaser and as tax revenues collected from the seller to designate the distribution base pursuant to section 42‑5029.

S.  For the purposes of section 42‑5032.01, the department shall separately account for revenues collected under the retail classification from businesses selling tangible personal property at retail:

1.  On the premises of a multipurpose facility that is owned, leased or operated by the tourism and sports authority pursuant to title 5, chapter 8.

2.  At professional football contests that are held in a stadium located on the campus of an institution under the jurisdiction of the Arizona board of regents.

T.  In computing the tax base for the sale of a motor vehicle to a nonresident of this state, if the purchaser's state of residence allows a corresponding use tax exemption to the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter and the rate of the tax in the purchaser's state of residence is lower than the rate prescribed in article 1 of this chapter or if the purchaser's state of residence does not impose an excise tax, and the nonresident has secured a special ninety day nonresident registration permit for the vehicle as prescribed by sections 28‑2154 and 28‑2154.01, there shall be deducted from the tax base a portion of the gross proceeds or gross income from the sale so that the amount of transaction privilege tax that is paid in this state is equal to the excise tax that is imposed by the purchaser's state of residence on the nonexempt sale or use of the motor vehicle.

U.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Agricultural aircraft" means an aircraft that is built for agricultural use for the aerial application of pesticides or fertilizer or for aerial seeding.

2.  "Aircraft" includes:

(a)  An airplane flight simulator that is approved by the federal aviation administration for use as a phase II or higher flight simulator under appendix H, 14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121.

(b)  Tangible personal property that is permanently affixed or attached as a component part of an aircraft that is owned or operated by a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

3.  "Other accessories and related equipment" includes aircraft accessories and equipment such as ground service equipment that physically contact aircraft at some point during the overall carrier operation.

4.  "Selling at retail" means a sale for any purpose other than for resale in the regular course of business in the form of tangible personal property, but transfer of possession, lease and rental as used in the definition of sale mean only such transactions as are found on investigation to be in lieu of sales as defined without the words lease or rental.

V.  For the purposes of subsection I of this section:

1.  "Assembler" means a person who unites or combines products, wares or articles of manufacture so as to produce a change in form or substance without changing or altering the component parts.

2.  "Manufacturer" means a person who is principally engaged in the fabrication, production or manufacture of products, wares or articles for use from raw or prepared materials, imparting to those materials new forms, qualities, properties and combinations.

3.  "Modifier" means a person who reworks, changes or adds to products, wares or articles of manufacture.

4.  "Overhead materials" means tangible personal property, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from that would otherwise be included in the retail classification, and that are used or consumed in the performance of a contract, the cost of which is charged to an overhead expense account and allocated to various contracts based on generally accepted accounting principles and consistent with government contract accounting standards.

5.  "Repairer" means a person who restores or renews products, wares or articles of manufacture.

6.  "Subcontract" means an agreement between a contractor and any person who is not an employee of the contractor for furnishing of supplies or services that, in whole or in part, are necessary to the performance of one or more government contracts, or under which any portion of the contractor's obligation under one or more government contracts is performed, undertaken or assumed and that includes provisions causing title to overhead materials or other tangible personal property used in the performance of the subcontract to pass to the government or that includes provisions incorporating such title passing clauses in a government contract into the subcontract.END_STATUTE

Sec. 6.  Section 42-5071, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5071.  Personal property rental classification; definitions

A.  The personal property rental classification is comprised of the business of leasing or renting tangible personal property for a consideration.  The tax does not apply to:

1.  Leasing or renting films, tapes or slides used by theaters or movies, which are engaged in business under the amusement classification, or used by television stations or radio stations.

2.  Activities engaged in by the Arizona exposition and state fair board or county fair commissions in connection with events sponsored by such entities.

3.  Leasing or renting tangible personal property by a parent corporation to a subsidiary corporation or by a subsidiary corporation to another subsidiary of the same parent corporation if taxes were paid under this chapter on the gross proceeds or gross income accruing from the initial sale of the tangible personal property.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "subsidiary" means a corporation of which at least eighty percent of the voting shares are owned by the parent corporation.

4.  Operating coin‑operated washing, drying and dry cleaning machines or coin‑operated car washing machines at establishments for the use of such machines.

5.  Leasing or renting tangible personal property for incorporation into or comprising any part of a qualified environmental technology facility as described in section 41‑1514.02.  This paragraph shall apply for ten full consecutive calendar or fiscal years following the initial lease or rental by each qualified environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor.

6.  Leasing or renting aircraft, flight simulators or similar training equipment to students or staff by nonprofit, accredited educational institutions that offer associate or baccalaureate degrees in aviation or aerospace related fields.

7.  Leasing or renting photographs, transparencies or other creative works used by this state on internet websites, in magazines or in other publications that encourage tourism.

8.  Leasing or renting certified ignition interlock devices installed pursuant to the requirements prescribed by section 28‑1461.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "certified ignition interlock device" has the same meaning prescribed in section 28‑1301.

9.  The leasing or renting of space to make attachments to utility poles, as follows:

(a)  By a person that is engaged in business under section 42‑5063 or 42‑5064 or that is a cable operator.

(b)  To a person that is engaged in business under section 42‑5063 or 42‑5064 or that is a cable operator.

10.  Leasing or renting billboards that are designed, intended or used to advertise or inform and that are visible from any street, road or other highway.

B.  The tax base for the personal property rental classification is the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business, but the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the following shall be deducted from the tax base:

1.  Reimbursements by the lessee to the lessor of a motor vehicle for payments by the lessor of the applicable fees and taxes imposed by sections 28‑2003, 28‑2352, 28‑2402, 28‑2481 and 28‑5801, title 28, chapter 15, article 2 and article IX, section 11, Constitution of Arizona, to the extent such amounts are separately identified as such fees and taxes and are billed to the lessee.

2.  Leases or rentals of tangible personal property that, if it had been purchased instead of leased or rented by the lessee, would have been exempt under:

(a)  Section 42‑5061, subsection A, paragraph 8, 9, 12, 13, 25, 29 or 49 or 53.

(b)  Section 42‑5061, subsection B, except that a lease or rental of new machinery or equipment is not exempt pursuant to section 42‑5061, subsection B, paragraph 13 if the lease is for less than two years.

(c)  Section 42‑5061, subsection I, paragraph 1.

(d)  Section 42‑5061, subsection M.

3.  Motor vehicle fuel and use fuel that are subject to a tax imposed under title 28, chapter 16, article 1, sales of use fuel to a holder of a valid single trip use fuel tax permit issued under section 28‑5739 and sales of aviation fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under section 28‑8344.

4.  Leasing or renting a motor vehicle subject to and on which the fee has been paid under title 28, chapter 16, article 4.

5.  Amounts received by a motor vehicle dealer for the first month of a lease payment if the lease and the lease payment for the first month of the lease are transferred to a third‑party leasing company.

C.  Sales of tangible personal property to be leased or rented to a person engaged in a business classified under the personal property rental classification are deemed to be resale sales.

D.  In computing the tax base, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income from the lease or rental of a motor vehicle does not include any amount attributable to the car rental surcharge under section 5‑839, 28‑5810 or 48‑4234.

E.  Until December 31, 1988, leasing or renting animals for recreational purposes is exempt from the tax imposed by this section. Beginning January 1, 1989, the gross proceeds or gross income from leasing or renting animals for recreational purposes is subject to taxation under this section.  Tax liabilities, penalties and interest paid for taxable periods before January 1, 1989 shall not be refunded unless the taxpayer requesting the refund provides proof satisfactory to the department that the monies paid as taxes will be returned to the customer.

F.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Cable operator" has the same meaning prescribed by in section 9‑505.

2.  "Utility pole" means any wooden, metal or other pole used for utility purposes and the pole's appurtenances that are attached or authorized for attachment by the person controlling the pole. END_STATUTE

Sec. 7.  Section 42-5075, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5075.  Prime contracting classification; exemptions; definitions

A.  The prime contracting classification is comprised of the business of prime contracting and the business of manufactured building dealer.  Sales for resale to another manufactured building dealer are not subject to tax. Sales for resale do not include sales to a lessor of manufactured buildings.  The sale of a used manufactured building is not taxable under this chapter.  The prime contracting classification does not include any work or operation performed by a person that is not required to be licensed by the registrar of contractors pursuant to section 32‑1121.

B.  The tax base for the prime contracting classification is sixty‑five percent of the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business.  The following amounts shall be deducted from the gross proceeds of sales or gross income before computing the tax base:

1.  The sales price of land, which shall not exceed the fair market value.

2.  Sales and installation of groundwater measuring devices required under section 45‑604 and groundwater monitoring wells required by law, including monitoring wells installed for acquiring information for a permit required by law.

3.  The sales price of furniture, furnishings, fixtures, appliances and attachments that are not incorporated as component parts of or attached to a manufactured building or the setup site.  The sale of such items may be subject to the taxes imposed by article 1 of this chapter separately and distinctly from the sale of the manufactured building.

4.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income received from a contract entered into for the modification of any building, highway, road, railroad, excavation, manufactured building or other structure, project, development or improvement located in a military reuse zone for providing aviation or aerospace services or for a manufacturer, assembler or fabricator of aviation or aerospace products within an active military reuse zone after the zone is initially established or renewed under section 41‑1531.  To be eligible to qualify for this deduction, before beginning work under the contract, the prime contractor must have applied for a letter of qualification from the department of revenue.

5.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract to construct a qualified environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing facility, as described in section 41‑1514.02, and from subsequent construction and installation contracts that begin within ten years after the start of initial construction.  To qualify for this deduction, before beginning work under the contract, the prime contractor must obtain a letter of qualification from the department of revenue.  This paragraph shall apply for ten full consecutive calendar or fiscal years after the start of initial construction.

6.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income from a contract to provide for one or more of the following actions, or a contract for site preparation, constructing, furnishing or installing machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property, including structures necessary to protect exempt incorporated materials or installed machinery or equipment, and tangible personal property incorporated into the project, to perform one or more of the following actions in response to a release or suspected release of a hazardous substance, pollutant or contaminant from a facility to the environment, unless the release was authorized by a permit issued by a governmental authority:

(a)  Actions to monitor, assess and evaluate such a release or a suspected release.

(b)  Excavation, removal and transportation of contaminated soil and its treatment or disposal.

(c)  Treatment of contaminated soil by vapor extraction, chemical or physical stabilization, soil washing or biological treatment to reduce the concentration, toxicity or mobility of a contaminant.

(d)  Pumping and treatment or in situ treatment of contaminated groundwater or surface water to reduce the concentration or toxicity of a contaminant.

(e)  The installation of structures, such as cutoff walls or caps, to contain contaminants present in groundwater or soil and prevent them from reaching a location where they could threaten human health or welfare or the environment.

This paragraph does not include asbestos removal or the construction or use of ancillary structures such as maintenance sheds, offices or storage facilities for unattached equipment, pollution control equipment, facilities or other control items required or to be used by a person to prevent or control contamination before it reaches the environment.

7.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income that is derived from a contract for the installation, assembly, repair or maintenance of machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property that is either deducted from the tax base of the retail classification under section 42‑5061, subsection B or that is exempt from use tax under section 42‑5159, subsection B and that has independent functional utility, pursuant to the following provisions:

(a)  The deduction provided in this paragraph includes the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from all of the following:

(i)  Any activity performed on machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property with independent functional utility.

(ii)  Any activity performed on any tangible personal property relating to machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property with independent functional utility in furtherance of any of the purposes provided for under subdivision (d) of this paragraph.

(iii)  Any activity that is related to the activities described in items (i) and (ii) of this subdivision, including inspecting the installation of or testing the machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property.

(b)  The deduction provided in this paragraph does not include gross proceeds of sales or gross income from the portion of any contracting activity that consists of the development of, or modification to, real property in order to facilitate the installation, assembly, repair, maintenance or removal of machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property that is either deducted from the tax base of the retail classification under section 42‑5061, subsection B or exempt from use tax under section 42‑5159, subsection B.

(c)  The deduction provided in this paragraph shall be determined without regard to the size or useful life of the machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property.

(d)  For the purposes of this paragraph, "independent functional utility" means that the machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property can independently perform its function without attachment to real property, other than attachment for any of the following purposes:

(i)  Assembling the machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property.

(ii)  Connecting items of machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property to each other.

(iii)  Connecting the machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property, whether as an individual item or as a system of items, to water, power, gas, communication or other services.

(iv)  Stabilizing or protecting the machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property during operation by bolting, burying or performing other similar nonpermanent connections to either real property or real property improvements.

8.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income attributable to the purchase of machinery, equipment or other tangible personal property that is exempt from or deductible from transaction privilege and use tax under:

(a)  Section 42‑5061, subsection A, paragraph 25, 29, 57 56 or 59 58.

(b)  Section 42‑5061, subsection B.

(c)  Section 42‑5159, subsection A, paragraph 13, subdivision (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (j), (k), (m) or (n) or paragraph 54 or 56.

(d)  Section 42‑5159, subsection B.

9.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income received from a contract for the construction of an environmentally controlled facility for the raising of poultry for the production of eggs and the sorting, cooling and packaging of eggs.

10.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income that is derived from a contract entered into with a person who is engaged in the commercial production of livestock, livestock products or agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops or products in this state for the modification of any building, highway, road, excavation, manufactured building or other structure, project, development or improvement used directly and primarily to prevent, monitor, control or reduce air, water or land pollution.

11.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income that is derived from the installation, assembly, repair or maintenance of clean rooms that are deducted from the tax base of the retail classification pursuant to section 42‑5061, subsection B, paragraph 16.

12.  For taxable periods beginning from and after June 30, 2001, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract entered into for the construction of a residential apartment housing facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age and that is owned by a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

13.  For taxable periods beginning from and after December 31, 1996 and ending before January 1, 2017, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract to provide and install a solar energy device.  The contractor shall register with the department as a solar energy contractor.  By registering, the contractor acknowledges that it will make its books and records relating to sales of solar energy devices available to the department for examination.

14.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract entered into for the construction of a launch site, as defined in 14 Code of Federal Regulations section 401.5.

15.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract entered into for the construction of a domestic violence shelter that is owned and operated by a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

16.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from contracts to perform postconstruction treatment of real property for termite and general pest control, including wood‑destroying organisms.

17.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income received from contracts entered into before July 1, 2006 for constructing a state university research infrastructure project if the project has been reviewed by the joint committee on capital review before the university enters into the construction contract for the project.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "research infrastructure" has the same meaning prescribed in section 15‑1670.

18.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income received from a contract for the construction of any building, or other structure, project, development or improvement owned by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for harvesting or processing qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516 if actual construction begins before January 1, 2024.  To qualify for this deduction, the prime contractor must obtain a letter of qualification from the Arizona commerce authority before beginning work under the contract.

19.  Any amount of the gross proceeds of sales or gross income attributable to development fees that are incurred in relation to a contract for construction, development or improvement of real property and that are paid by a prime contractor or subcontractor.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  The attributable amount shall not exceed the value of the development fees actually imposed.

(b)  The attributable amount is equal to the total amount of development fees paid by the prime contractor or subcontractor, and the total development fees credited in exchange for the construction of, contribution to or dedication of real property for providing public infrastructure, public safety or other public services necessary to the development.  The real property must be the subject of the development fees.

(c)  "Development fees" means fees imposed to offset capital costs of providing public infrastructure, public safety or other public services to a development and authorized pursuant to section 9‑463.05, section 11‑1102 or title 48 regardless of the jurisdiction to which the fees are paid.

20.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract entered into for the construction of a mixed waste processing facility that is located on a municipal solid waste landfill and that is constructed for the purpose of recycling solid waste or producing renewable energy from landfill waste.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Mixed waste processing facility" means a solid waste facility that is owned, operated or used for the treatment, processing or disposal of solid waste, recyclable solid waste, conditionally exempt small quantity generator waste or household hazardous waste.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "conditionally exempt small quantity generator waste", "household hazardous waste" and "solid waste facility" have the same meanings prescribed in section 49‑701, except that solid waste facility does include a site that stores, treats or processes paper, glass, wood, cardboard, household textiles, scrap metal, plastic, vegetative waste, aluminum, steel or other recyclable material.

(b)  "Municipal solid waste landfill" has the same meaning prescribed in section 49‑701.

(c)  "Recycling" means collecting, separating, cleansing, treating and reconstituting recyclable solid waste that would otherwise become solid waste, but does not include incineration or other similar processes.

(d)  "Renewable energy" has the same meaning prescribed in section 41‑1511.

C.  Entitlement to the deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 7 of this section is subject to the following provisions:

1.  A prime contractor may establish entitlement to the deduction by both:

(a)  Marking the invoice for the transaction to indicate that the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the transaction was deducted from the base.

(b)  Obtaining a certificate executed by the purchaser indicating the name and address of the purchaser, the precise nature of the business of the purchaser, the purpose for which the purchase was made, the necessary facts to establish the deductibility of the property under section 42‑5061, subsection B, and a certification that the person executing the certificate is authorized to do so on behalf of the purchaser.  The certificate may be disregarded if the prime contractor has reason to believe that the information contained in the certificate is not accurate or complete.

2.  A person who does not comply with paragraph 1 of this subsection may establish entitlement to the deduction by presenting facts necessary to support the entitlement, but the burden of proof is on that person.

3.  The department may prescribe a form for the certificate described in paragraph 1, subdivision (b) of this subsection.  The department may also adopt rules that describe the transactions with respect to which a person is not entitled to rely solely on the information contained in the certificate provided in paragraph 1, subdivision (b) of this subsection but must instead obtain such additional information as required in order to be entitled to the deduction.

4.  If a prime contractor is entitled to a deduction by complying with paragraph 1 of this subsection, the department may require the purchaser who caused the execution of the certificate to establish the accuracy and completeness of the information required to be contained in the certificate that would entitle the prime contractor to the deduction. If the purchaser cannot establish the accuracy and completeness of the information, the purchaser is liable in an amount equal to any tax, penalty and interest that the prime contractor would have been required to pay under article 1 of this chapter if the prime contractor had not complied with paragraph 1 of this subsection.  Payment of the amount under this paragraph exempts the purchaser from liability for any tax imposed under article 4 of this chapter.  The amount shall be treated as a transaction privilege tax to the purchaser and as tax revenues collected from the prime contractor in order to designate the distribution base for purposes of section 42‑5029.

D.  Subcontractors or others who perform modification activities are not subject to tax if they can demonstrate that the job was within the control of a prime contractor or contractors or a dealership of manufactured buildings and that the prime contractor or dealership is liable for the tax on the gross income, gross proceeds of sales or gross receipts attributable to the job and from which the subcontractors or others were paid.

E.  Amounts received by a contractor for a project are excluded from the contractor's gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business if the person who hired the contractor executes and provides a certificate to the contractor stating that the person providing the certificate is a prime contractor and is liable for the tax under article 1 of this chapter.  The department shall prescribe the form of the certificate.  If the contractor has reason to believe that the information contained on the certificate is erroneous or incomplete, the department may disregard the certificate.  If the person who provides the certificate is not liable for the tax as a prime contractor, that person is nevertheless deemed to be the prime contractor in lieu of the contractor and is subject to the tax under this section on the gross receipts or gross proceeds received by the contractor.

F.  Every person engaging or continuing in this state in the business of prime contracting or dealership of manufactured buildings shall present to the purchaser of such prime contracting or manufactured building a written receipt of the gross income or gross proceeds of sales from such activity and shall separately state the taxes to be paid pursuant to this section.

G.  For the purposes of section 42‑5032.01, the department shall separately account for revenues collected under the prime contracting classification from any prime contractor engaged in the preparation or construction of a multipurpose facility, and related infrastructure, that is owned, operated or leased by the tourism and sports authority pursuant to title 5, chapter 8.

H.  For the purposes of section 42‑5032.02, from and after September 30, 2013, the department shall separately account for revenues reported and collected under the prime contracting classification from any prime contractor engaged in the construction of any buildings and associated improvements that are for the benefit of a manufacturing facility.  For the purposes of this subsection, "associated improvements" and "manufacturing facility" have the same meanings prescribed in section 42‑5032.02.

I.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract for lawn maintenance services is not subject to tax under this section if the contract does not include landscaping activities.  Lawn maintenance service is a service pursuant to section 42‑5061, subsection A, paragraph 1, and includes lawn mowing and edging, weeding, repairing sprinkler heads or drip irrigation heads, seasonal replacement of flowers, refreshing gravel, lawn dethatching, seeding winter lawns, leaf and debris collection and removal, tree or shrub pruning or clipping, garden and gravel raking and applying pesticides, as defined in section 3‑361, and fertilizer materials, as defined in section 3‑262.

J.  Except as provided in subsection O of this section, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from landscaping activities is subject to tax under this section.  Landscaping includes installing lawns, grading or leveling ground, installing gravel or boulders, planting trees and other plants, felling trees, removing or mulching tree stumps, removing other imbedded plants, building irrigation berms, installing railroad ties and installing underground sprinkler or watering systems.

K.  The portion of gross proceeds of sales or gross income attributable to the actual direct costs of providing architectural or engineering services that are incorporated in a contract is not subject to tax under this section. For the purposes of this subsection, "direct costs" means the portion of the actual costs that are directly expended in providing architectural or engineering services.

L.  Operating a landfill or a solid waste disposal facility is not subject to taxation under this section, including filling, compacting and creating vehicle access to and from cell sites within the landfill. Constructing roads to a landfill or solid waste disposal facility and constructing cells within a landfill or solid waste disposal facility may be deemed prime contracting under this section.

M.  The following apply in determining the taxable situs of sales of manufactured buildings:

1.  For sales in this state where the manufactured building dealer contracts to deliver the building to a setup site or to perform the setup in this state, the taxable situs is the setup site.

2.  For sales in this state where the manufactured building dealer does not contract to deliver the building to a setup site or does not perform the setup, the taxable situs is the location of the dealership where the building is delivered to the buyer.

3.  For sales in this state where the manufactured building dealer contracts to deliver the building to a setup site that is outside this state, the situs is outside this state and the transaction is excluded from tax.

N.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income attributable to a written contract for design phase services or professional services, executed before modification begins and with terms, conditions and pricing of all of these services separately stated in the contract from those for construction phase services, is not subject to tax under this section, regardless of whether the services are provided sequential to or concurrent with prime contracting activities that are subject to tax under this section.  This subsection does not include the gross proceeds of sales or gross income attributable to construction phase services.  For the purposes of this subsection:

1.  "Construction phase services" means services for the execution and completion of any modification, including the following:

(a)  Administration or supervision of any modification performed on the project, including team management and coordination, scheduling, cost controls, submittal process management, field management, safety program, close-out process and warranty period services.

(b)  Administration or supervision of any modification performed pursuant to a punch list.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "punch list" means minor items of modification work performed after substantial completion and before final completion of the project.

(c)  Administration or supervision of any modification performed pursuant to change orders.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "change order" means a written instrument issued after execution of a contract for modification work, providing for all of the following:

(i)  The scope of a change in the modification work, contract for modification work or other contract documents.

(ii)  The amount of an adjustment, if any, to the guaranteed maximum price as set in the contract for modification work.  For the purposes of this item, "guaranteed maximum price" means the amount guaranteed to be the maximum amount due to a prime contractor for the performance of all modification work for the project.

(iii)  The extent of an adjustment, if any, to the contract time of performance set forth in the contract.

(d)  Administration or supervision of any modification performed pursuant to change directives.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "change directive" means a written order directing a change in modification work before agreement on an adjustment of the guaranteed maximum price or contract time.

(e)  Inspection to determine the dates of substantial completion or final completion.

(f)  Preparation of any manuals, warranties, as-built drawings, spares or other items the prime contractor must furnish pursuant to the contract for modification work.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "as-built drawing" means a drawing that indicates field changes made to adapt to field conditions, field changes resulting from change orders or buried and concealed installation of piping, conduit and utility services.

(g)  Preparation of status reports after modification work has begun detailing the progress of work performed, including preparation of any of the following:

(i)  Master schedule updates.

(ii)  Modification work cash flow projection updates.

(iii)  Site reports made on a periodic basis.

(iv)  Identification of discrepancies, conflicts or ambiguities in modification work documents that require resolution.

(v)  Identification of any health and safety issues that have arisen in connection with the modification work.

(h)  Preparation of daily logs of modification work, including documentation of personnel, weather conditions and on-site occurrences.

(i)  Preparation of any submittals or shop drawings used by the prime contractor to illustrate details of the modification work performed.

(j)  Administration or supervision of any other activities for which a prime contractor receives a certificate for payment or certificate for final payment based on the progress of modification work performed on the project.

2.  "Design phase services" means services for developing and completing a design for a project that are not construction phase services, including the following:

(a)  Evaluating surveys, reports, test results or any other information on-site conditions for the project, including physical characteristics, legal limitations and utility locations for the site.

(b)  Evaluating any criteria or programming objectives for the project to ascertain requirements for the project, such as physical requirements affecting cost or projected utilization of the project.

(c)  Preparing drawings and specifications for architectural program documents, schematic design documents, design development documents, modification work documents or documents that identify the scope of or materials for the project.

(d)  Preparing an initial schedule for the project, excluding the preparation of updates to the master schedule after modification work has begun.

(e)  Preparing preliminary estimates of costs of modification work before completion of the final design of the project, including an estimate or schedule of values for any of the following:

(i)  Labor, materials, machinery and equipment, tools, water, heat, utilities, transportation and other facilities and services used in the execution and completion of modification work, regardless of whether they are temporary or permanent or whether they are incorporated in the modifications.

(ii)  The cost of labor and materials to be furnished by the owner of the real property.

(iii)  The cost of any equipment of the owner of the real property to be assigned by the owner to the prime contractor.

(iv)  The cost of any labor for installation of equipment separately provided by the owner of the real property that has been designed, specified, selected or specifically provided for in any design document for the project.

(v)  Any fee paid by the owner of the real property to the prime contractor pursuant to the contract for modification work.

(vi)  Any bond and insurance premiums.

(vii)  Any applicable taxes.

(viii)  Any contingency fees for the prime contractor that may be used before final completion of the project.

(f)  Reviewing and evaluating cost estimates and project documents to prepare recommendations on site use, site improvements, selection of materials, building systems and equipment, modification feasibility, availability of materials and labor, local modification activity as related to schedules and time requirements for modification work.

(g)  Preparing the plan and procedures for selection of subcontractors, including any prequalification of subcontractor candidates.

3.  "Professional services" means architect services, engineer services, geologist services, land surveying services or landscape architect services that are within the scope of those services as provided in title 32, chapter 1 and for which gross proceeds of sales or gross income has not otherwise been deducted under subsection K of this section.

O.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a contract with the owner of real property or improvements to real property for the maintenance, repair, replacement or alteration of existing property is not subject to tax under this section if the contract does not include modification activities, except as specified in this subsection.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from a de minimis amount of modification activity does not subject the contract or any part of the contract to tax under this section.  For the purposes of this subsection:

1.  Tangible personal property that is incorporated or fabricated into a project described in this subsection may be subject to the amount prescribed in section 42‑5008.01.

2.  Each contract is independent of any other contract, except that any change order that directly relates to the scope of work of the original contract shall be treated the same as the original contract under this chapter, regardless of the amount of modification activities included in the change order.  If a change order does not directly relate to the scope of work of the original contract, the change order shall be treated as a new contract, with the tax treatment of any subsequent change order to follow the tax treatment of the contract to which the scope of work of the subsequent change order directly relates.

P.  Notwithstanding subsection O of this section, a contract that primarily involves surface or subsurface improvements to land and that is subject to title 28, chapter 19, 20 or 22 or title 34, chapter 2 or 6 is taxable under this section, even if the contract also includes vertical improvements.  Agencies that are subject to procurement processes under those provisions shall include in the request for proposals a notice to bidders when those projects are subject to this section.  This subsection does not apply to contracts with:

1.  Community facilities districts, fire districts, county television improvement districts, community park maintenance districts, cotton pest control districts, hospital districts, pest abatement districts, health service districts, agricultural improvement districts, county free library districts, county jail districts, county stadium districts, special health care districts, public health services districts, theme park districts or revitalization districts. 

2.  Any special taxing district not specified in paragraph 1 of this subsection if the district does not substantially engage in the modification, maintenance, repair, replacement or alteration of surface or subsurface improvements to land.

Q.  Notwithstanding subsection R, paragraph 10 of this section, a person owning real property who enters into a contract for sale of the real property, who is responsible to the new owner of the property for modifications made to the property in the period subsequent to the transfer of title and who receives a consideration for the modifications is considered a prime contractor solely for purposes of taxing the gross proceeds of sale or gross income received for the modifications made subsequent to the transfer of title.  The original owner's gross proceeds of sale or gross income received for the modifications shall be determined according to the following methodology:

1.  If any part of the contract for sale of the property specifies amounts to be paid to the original owner for the modifications to be made in the period subsequent to the transfer of title, the amounts are included in the original owner's gross proceeds of sale or gross income under this section.  Proceeds from the sale of the property that are received after transfer of title and that are unrelated to the modifications made subsequent to the transfer of title are not considered gross proceeds of sale or gross income from the modifications.

2.  If the original owner enters into an agreement separate from the contract for sale of the real property providing for amounts to be paid to the original owner for the modifications to be made in the period subsequent to the transfer of title to the property, the amounts are included in the original owner's gross proceeds of sale or gross income received for the modifications made subsequent to the transfer of title.

3.  If the original owner is responsible to the new owner for modifications made to the property in the period subsequent to the transfer of title and derives any gross proceeds of sale or gross income from the project subsequent to the transfer of title other than a delayed disbursement from escrow unrelated to the modifications, it is presumed that the amounts are received for the modifications made subsequent to the transfer of title unless the contrary is established by the owner through its books, records and papers kept in the regular course of business.

4.  The tax base of the original owner is computed in the same manner as a prime contractor under this section.

R.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Alteration" means an activity or action that causes a direct physical change to existing property.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  For existing property that is properly classified as class two property under section 42‑12002, paragraph 1, subdivision (c) or paragraph 2, subdivision (c) and that is used for residential purposes, class three property under section 42‑12003 or class four property under section 42‑12004, this paragraph does not apply if the contract amount is more than twenty‑five percent of the most recent full cash value established under chapter 13, article 2 of this title as of the date of any bid for the work or the date of the contract, whichever value is higher.

(b)  For all existing property other than existing property described in subdivision (a) of this paragraph, this paragraph does not apply if the contract amount is more than seven hundred fifty thousand dollars $750,000.

(c)  Project elements may not be artificially separated from a contract to cause a project to qualify as an alteration.  The department has the burden of proof that project elements have been artificially separated from a contract.

(d)  If a project for which the owner and the person performing the work reasonably believed, at the inception of the contract, would be treated as an alteration under this paragraph and, on completion of the project, the project exceeded the applicable threshold described in either subdivision (a) or (b) of this paragraph by no more than twenty-five percent of the applicable threshold for any reason, the work performed under the contract qualifies as an alteration.

(e)  A change order that directly relates to the scope of work of the original contract shall be treated as part of the original contract, and the contract amount shall include any amount attributable to a change order that directly relates to the scope of work of the original contract.

(f)  Alteration does not include maintenance, repair or replacement.

2.  "Contracting" means engaging in business as a contractor.

3.  "Contractor" is synonymous with the term "builder" and means any person or organization that undertakes to or offers to undertake to, or purports to have the capacity to undertake to, or submits a bid to, or does personally or by or through others, modify any building, highway, road, railroad, excavation, manufactured building or other structure, project, development or improvement, or to do any part of such a project, including the erection of scaffolding or other structure or works in connection with such a project, and includes subcontractors and specialty contractors.  For all purposes of taxation or deduction, this definition shall govern without regard to whether or not such a contractor is acting in fulfillment of a contract.

4.  "Manufactured building" means a manufactured home, mobile home or factory‑built building, as defined in section 41‑4001.

5.  "Manufactured building dealer" means a dealer who either:

(a)  Is licensed pursuant to title 41, chapter 37, article 4 and who sells manufactured buildings to the final consumer.

(b)  Supervises, performs or coordinates the excavation and completion of site improvements or the setup of a manufactured building, including the contracting, if any, with any subcontractor or specialty contractor for the completion of the contract.

6.  "Modification" means construction, grading and leveling ground, wreckage or demolition.  Modification does not include:

(a)  Any project described in subsection O of this section.

(b)  Any wreckage or demolition of existing property, or any other activity that is a necessary component of a project described in subsection O of this section.

(c)  Any mobilization or demobilization related to a project described in subsection O of this section, such as the erection or removal of temporary facilities to be used by those persons working on the project.

7.  "Modify" means to make a modification or cause a modification to be made.

8.  "Owner" means the person that holds title to the real property or improvements to real property that is the subject of the work, as well as an agent of the title holder and any person with the authority to perform or authorize work on the real property or improvements, including a tenant and a property manager.  For the purposes of subsection O of this section, a person who is hired by a general contractor that is hired by an owner, or a subcontractor of a general contractor that is hired by an owner, is considered to be hired by the owner.

9.  "Prime contracting" means engaging in business as a prime contractor.

10.  "Prime contractor" means a contractor who supervises, performs or coordinates the modification of any building, highway, road, railroad, excavation, manufactured building or other structure, project, development or improvement, including the contracting, if any, with any subcontractors or specialty contractors and who is responsible for the completion of the contract.  Except as provided in subsections E and Q of this section, a person who owns real property, who engages one or more contractors to modify that real property and who does not itself modify that real property is not a prime contractor within the meaning of this paragraph regardless of the existence of a contract for sale or the subsequent sale of that real property.

11.  "Replacement" means the removal from service of one component or system of existing property or tangible personal property installed in existing property, including machinery or equipment, and the installation of a new component or system or new tangible personal property, including machinery or equipment, that provides the same, a similar or an upgraded design or functionality, regardless of the contract amount and regardless of whether the existing component or system or existing tangible personal property is physically removed from the existing property.

12.  "Sale of a used manufactured building" does not include a lease of a used manufactured building. END_STATUTE

Sec. 8.  Title 42, chapter 5, article 2, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding section 42-5077, to read:

START_STATUTE42-5077.  Digital goods classification; exemptions; definitions

A.  The digital goods classification is comprised of the business of selling, leasing or licensing the use of prewritten computer software or providing specified digital goods.  The tax base for the digital goods classification is the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business.  The tax imposed on the digital goods classification does not apply to proceeds of sales or gross income from:

1.  Providing digital services.

2.  Transactions involving sales, leases or licenses of prewritten computer software or providing specified digital goods to persons engaged in business under the digital goods classification if the person acquires the items to sell, lease, license or provide to another person as part of such a business.

3.  Businesses that provide prewritten computer software or specified digital goods only as inconsequential elements.

4.  Services rendered in addition to providing prewritten computer software or digital goods when the services are optional and could be provided by a third party.

5.  Application services that are designed to assess or test student learning or to promote curriculum design or enhancement purchased by or for any school district, charter school, community college or state university. For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "application services" means software applications provided remotely using hypertext transfer protocol or another network protocol.

(b)  "curriculum design or enhancement" means planning, implementing Or reporting on courses of study, lessons, assignments or other learning Activities.

6.  Transactions involving prewritten software or specified digital goods that, if they had been purchased at retail and classified as tangible personal property, would have been exempt under the following:

(a)  Section 42-5061, subsection A, paragraph 24, 25, 29, 47 or 56.

(b)  Section 42-5061, subsection B, paragraph 1 through 4 or 14.

(c)  Section 42-5061, subsection I.

(d)  Section 42-5061, subsection J, except the proceeds of sales or gross income of such transactions are only fifty percent exempt.

7.  Transactions involving over‑the‑top services consisting of audio or video programming services received by the end‑user customer by means of an internet connection, regardless of the technology used, that include linear or live programming that is generally considered comparable to programming provided by a radio or television broadcast station regardless of whether the services are provided independently or packaged with other audio or video programming.  Over‑the‑top services do not include pay‑per‑view audio and video programming services consisting of a system requiring a customer to pay separately for each program viewed regardless of the manner in which the program may be viewed or whether the program is live, scheduled or available on demand.

B.  If a person is engaged in an occupation or business to which subsection A of this section applies, the person's books shall be kept to show separately the gross proceeds of sales and gross income from prewritten software and specified digital goods and the gross income from sales of services and, if not so kept, the tax shall be imposed on the total of the person's gross proceeds of sales and gross income from prewritten software and specified digital goods and gross income from services.

C.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Computer" means an electronic device that accepts information In a digital or similar form and manipulates it for a result based on a Sequence of instructions.

2.  "Computer software" means a perpetual or subscription license to a set of coded instructions designed to cause a computer or automatic data processing equipment to perform a task.

3.  "Computer software maintenance contract" means a contract that obligates a computer software vendor to provide customers with future updates or upgrades to computer software.

4.  "Digital services" means cloud‑based or remotely accessed software and other services that are provided electronically and that are not specifically identified as taxable transactions in this article.

5.  "Prewritten computer software":

(a)  means computer software that is not designed and developed by The author or other creator to the specifications of a specific purchaser To a sale.

(b)  Includes:

(i)  Related computer software maintenance contracts, whether sold together with or separately from the computer software.

(ii)  Combinations of two or more prewritten computer software programs or prewritten portions of computer software programs.

(iii)  Software designed and developed by the author or other creator to the specifications of a specific purchaser if it is subsequently sold to a person other than the original purchaser.

(iv)  Prewritten computer software, or a portion of prewritten computer software, that is modified or enhanced to any degree, if the modification or enhancement is designed and developed to the specifications of a specific purchaser, but for which the seller's, lessor's or licensor's books are not kept to show separately the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derive from the modification or enhancement.

(c)  Does not include a portion of computer software that is modified or enhanced to any degree, if the modification or enhancement is designed and developed to the specifications of a specific purchaser, and for which the seller's, lessor's or licensor's books are kept to show separately the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the modification or enhancement.

6.  "Specified digital goods":

(a)  Means:

(i)  digital audiovisual works, which mean a series of related digital images that, when shown in succession, impart an impression of motion, together with accompanying sounds, if any.

(ii)  digital audio works, which mean works that result from the fixation of a series of musical, spoken or other digital sounds, including ringtones.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "ringtones" means digitized sound files that are downloaded onto a device and that may be used to alert the customer with respect to a communication.

(iii)  Digital books, articles, periodicals and other prewritten works, which mean digital works that are generally recognized in the ordinary and usual sense as books, articles or periodicals.

(iv)  Digital visual works, which mean digital images that can be viewed as still images.

(b)  Does not include:

(i)   video service as prescribed in section 9‑1401, provided by a cable operator. For the purposes of this item, "Cable operator" has the same meaning prescribed in section 9‑505 and includes a video service provider as prescribed in section 9‑1401.

(ii)  Digital services. END_STATUTE

Sec. 9.  Section 42-5151, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5151.  Definitions

In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

1.  "Ancillary services" means those services so designated in federal energy regulatory commission order 888 adopted in 1996 that include the services necessary to support the transmission of electricity from resources to loads while maintaining reliable operation of the transmission system according to good utility practice.

2.  "Digital services" has the same meaning prescribed in section 42‑5077.

2.  3.  "Electric distribution service" means distributing electricity to retail electric customers through the use of electric distribution facilities.

3.  4.  "Electric generation service" means providing electricity for sale to retail electric customers but excluding electric distribution or transmission services.

6.  5.  "Electricity" means electric energy, electric capacity or electric capacity and energy.

7.  6.   "Electricity supplier" means a person, whether acting in a principal, agent or other capacity, that offers to sell electricity to a retail electric customer in this state.

4.  7.  "Electric transmission service" means transmitting electricity to retail electric customers or to electric distribution facilities so classified by the federal energy regulatory commission or, to the extent permitted by law, so classified by the Arizona corporation commission.

5.  8.  "Electric utility services" means the business of providing electric ancillary services, electric distribution services, electric generation services, electric transmission services and other services related to providing electricity.

8.  9.  "Natural gas" means natural or artificial gas, and includes methane and propane gas, the natural gas commodity, natural gas pipeline capacity or natural gas commodity and pipeline capacity.

9.  10.  "Natural gas utility services" means the business of selling natural gas or providing natural gas transportation services or other services related to providing natural gas.

10.  11.  "Notice" means written notice served personally or by certified mail and addressed to the last known address of the person to whom such notice is given.

11.  12.  "Other services" includes metering, meter reading services, billing and collecting services.

12.  13.  "Person" means an individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, estate, trust, receiver or syndicate, this state or a county, city, municipality, district or other political subdivision or agency thereof.

14.  "Prewritten computer software" has the same meaning prescribed in section 42‑5077.

13.  15.  "Purchase" means any transfer, exchange or barter, conditional or otherwise, in any manner or by any means, of tangible personal property for a consideration, including transactions by which the possession of property is transferred but the seller retains the title as security for payment.

14.  16.  "Purchase price" or "sales price" means the total amount for which tangible personal property is sold, including any services that are a part of the sale, valued in money, whether paid in money or otherwise, and any amount for which credit is given to the purchaser by the seller without any deduction on account of the cost of the property sold, materials used, labor or services performed, interest charged, losses or other expenses, but does not include:

(a)  Discounts allowed and taken.

(b)  Charges for labor or services in installing, remodeling or repairing.

(c)  Freight costs billed to and collected from a purchaser by a retailer for tangible personal property which that, on the order of the retailer, is shipped directly from a manufacturer or wholesaler to the purchaser.

(d)  Amounts attributable to federal excise taxes imposed by 26 United States Code section 4001, 4051 or 4081 on sales of heavy trucks and trailers and automobiles or on sales of use fuel, as defined in section 28‑5601.

(e)  The value of merchandise that is traded in on the purchase of new or pre‑owned merchandise when the trade‑in allowance is deducted from the sales price of the new or pre‑owned merchandise before the completion of the sale.

15.  17.  "Retail electric customer" means a person who purchases electricity for that person's own use, including use in that person's trade or business, and not for resale, redistribution or retransmission.

17.  18.  "Retailer" includes:

(a)  Every person engaged in the business of making sales of tangible personal property for storage, use or other consumption or in the business of making sales at auction of tangible personal property owned by that person or others for storage, use or other consumption.  If in the opinion of the department it is necessary for the efficient administration of this article to regard any salesmen, representatives, peddlers or canvassers as the agents of the dealers, distributors, supervisors or employers under whom they operate or from whom they obtain the tangible personal property sold by them, regardless of whether they are making sales on their own behalf or on behalf of such dealers, distributors, supervisors or employers, the department may so regard them and may regard the dealers, distributors, supervisors or employers as retailers for purposes of this article.

(b)  A person who solicits orders for tangible personal property by mail if the solicitations are substantial and recurring or if the retailer benefits from any banking, financing, debt collection, telecommunication, television shopping system, cable, optic, microwave or other communication system or marketing activities occurring in this state or benefits from the location in this state of authorized installation, servicing or repair facilities.

16.  19.  "Retail natural gas customer" means a person who purchases natural gas for that person's own use, including use in that person's trade or business, and not for resale, redistribution or retransmission.

18.  20.  "Solar daylighting" means a device that is specifically designed to capture and redirect the visible portion of the solar beam, while controlling the infrared portion, for use in illuminating interior building spaces in lieu of artificial lighting.

19.  21.  "Solar energy device" means a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating, to provide cooling, to produce electrical power, to produce mechanical power, to provide solar daylighting or to provide any combination of the foregoing by means of collecting and transferring solar generated energy into such uses by either active or passive means, including wind generator systems that produce electricity. Solar energy systems may also have the capability of storing solar energy for future use.  Passive systems shall clearly be designed as a solar energy device, such as a trombe wall, and not merely as a part of a normal structure, such as a window.

22.  "Specified digital goods" has the same meaning prescribed in section 42‑5077.

20.  23.  "Storage" means keeping or retaining tangible personal property purchased from a retailer for any purpose except sale in the regular course of business or subsequent use solely outside this state.  For the purposes of this paragraph, sale in the regular course of business does not include the transfer of title or possession of coal back and forth between an owner or operator of a power plant and a person who is responsible for refining coal if both of the following apply:

(a)  The transfer of title or possession of the coal is for the purpose of refining the coal.

(b)  The title or possession of the coal is transferred back to the owner or operator of the power plant after completion of the coal refining process.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "coal refining process" means the application of a coal additive system that aids the reduction of power plant emissions during the combustion of coal and the treatment of flue gas.

21.  24.  "Taxpayer" means:

(a)  Any retailer or person storing, using or consuming tangible personal property of which the storage, use or consumption of which is subject to the tax imposed by this article when such if the tax was not paid to a retailer.

(b)  Any vendor of prewritten computer software or specified digital goods or person using such items of which the use is subject to the tax imposed by this article if the tax was not paid to a vendor.

22.  25.  "Use or consumption" means the exercise of any right or power over tangible personal property, prewritten computer software or specified digital goods, incidental to owning the property except holding for sale or selling the property in the regular course of business.  For the purposes of this paragraph, selling the property in the regular course of business does not include the transfer of title or possession of coal back and forth between an owner or operator of a power plant and a person who is responsible for refining coal if both of the following apply:

(a)  The transfer of title or possession of the coal is for the purpose of refining the coal.

(b)  The title or possession of the coal is transferred back to the owner or operator of the power plant after completion of the coal refining process.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "coal refining process" means the application of a coal additive system that aids the reduction of power plant emissions during the combustion of coal and the treatment of flue gas.

23.  26.  "Utility business" means a person that is engaged in the business of providing electric utility services to retail electric customers or natural gas utility services to retail natural gas customers. END_STATUTE

Sec. 10.  Title 42, chapter 5, article 4, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding section 42-5155.01, to read:

START_STATUTE42-5155.01.  Levy of tax; prewritten computer software and specified digital goods; rate; purchaser's liability

A.  An excise tax is levied and imposed on using or consuming prewritten computer software and specified digital goods in this state as a percentage of the acquisition price.

B.  The tax imposed by this section applies to any purchaser that purchases prewritten computer software or specified digital goods for resale but that subsequently uses or consumes the items.  This section does not apply to any purchase of prewritten computer software or specified digital goods if the vendor is subject to transaction privilege tax under articles 1 and 2 of this chapter on the gross receipts from the sale, lease or licensing for use.

C.  The tax rate is the rate of tax prescribed pursuant to section 42-5010, subsection A as applied to the digital goods classification.

D.  In addition to the rate prescribed by subsection C of this section, an additional rate increment of six-tenths of one percent is imposed and shall be collected through June 30, 2041. The taxpayer shall pay taxes pursuant to this subsection at the same time and in the same Manner as under subsection C of this section.  The department shall separately account for the revenues collected with respect to the rate imposed pursuant to this subsection, and the state treasurer shall pay all of those revenues in the manner prescribed by section 42-5029, subsection E.

E.  Each person using or consuming prewritten computer software or specified digital goods in this state is liable for the tax.  The person's liability is not extinguished until the tax has been paid to this state.

F.  A receipt given to the purchaser from a vendor that maintains a place of business in this state or from a vendor that is authorized by the department to collect the tax, under rules adopted by the department, and that for the purposes of this article is regarded as a vendor maintaining a place of business in this state is sufficient to relieve the purchaser from further liability for the tax to which the receipt refers.

G.  All exemptions under section 42-5077 apply to the tax under this section.

H.  A person who uses or consumes prewritten computer software or specified digital goods on which a tax is imposed by this article and on which the tax has not been collected by a registered vendor shall pay the tax as provided by this article, but each vendor maintaining a place of business in this state and making sales of prewritten computer software or specified digital goods for use or consumption in this state shall collect the tax from the purchaser or user unless the property is exempt under this article or the purchaser or user pays the tax directly to the department as provided by section 42-5167.

I.  Each vendor engaged in the business of selling, leasing or licensing the use of prewritten computer software or specified digital goods of which the use or consumption is subject to the tax imposed by this article, and each person who acquires any such property for use or consumption in this state, and for which the tax is not paid to the vendor, shall file a return with the department on or before the twentieth day of the month next succeeding the month in which the property is brought into this state for use or consumption.  The return shall be on a form prescribed by the department and shall show the amount of property sold, leased or licensed for use or consumption or acquired for use or consumption in this state during the preceding month. The return shall be verified by oath or affirmation of the vendor or person making the report, or the person's agent, and shall be accompanied by payment of the tax shown to be due.  The return and tax are delinquent if not received by the department on or before the business day preceding the last business day of the month when due.

J.  Notwithstanding subsection i of this section, a person who is required to file a return under article 1 of this chapter may report and pay the tax liability under this article on the same return and filing basis as the taxes reported under article 1 of this chapter.

K.  For good cause the department may extend the time for making a return and paying the tax, but the time for filing the return may not be extended beyond the first day of the third month next succeeding the regular due date of the return. END_STATUTE

Sec. 11.  Section 42-5167, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5167.  Use tax; direct payments; application; permits; certificates

A.  A person may elect to pay use taxes directly to the department under this article if the person:

1.  Applies to the department for a use tax direct payment permit.  The application must be on a form prescribed by the department setting forth the name under which the applicant transacts or intends to transact business, the location of the place or places of business where the applicant intends to make direct payment of use taxes and any other information that the department may require.  The application must be signed, in the case of:

(a)  A natural person, by the owner.

(b)  An association or partnership, by a member or partner.

(c)  A corporation, by an executive officer or another person specifically authorized by the corporation to sign the application.

2.  Agrees to self‑assess and pay directly to the department any use tax liability incurred under this article.

3.  Certifies to the department that the person purchased for the person's own use any combination of tangible personal property, prewritten computer software or specified digital goods at a cost of five hundred thousand dollars $500,000 or more, in the aggregate, during the immediately preceding calendar year.

B.  The department shall issue a use tax direct payment permit to any applicant that meets the requirements of subsection A of this section.

C.  If the department deems it necessary to protect the revenues to be collected under this section, it may require a person to file a bond to secure the payment of such amounts pursuant to section 42‑1102.

D.  A person who that holds a valid use tax direct payment permit shall:

1.  Self‑assess and pay directly to the department use taxes due under this article for all tangible personal property, prewritten computer software and specified digital goods that are subject to use tax.

2.  Report the tax on a tax return prescribed by the department.

E.  A holder of a use tax direct payment certificate permit may issue a use tax direct payment certificate to any retailer or seller, subject to all of the following:

1.  The certificate shall be in a form prescribed by the department and must be signed by and bear the name, address and permit number of the holder of the use tax direct payment permit.

2.  The certificate is effective until the permit holder revises or withdraws the certificate or until the retailer or seller receives actual notice that the department has revoked the permit.

3.  The certificate relieves the retailer or seller of the duty to collect use tax only if taken in good faith from a person who that holds a use tax direct payment permit.  The department may periodically publish on its web site website a list of taxpayers by name with tax identification numbers who that have been issued direct payment permits.  A purchaser holding a direct payment permit who that issues a use tax direct payment certificate that is accepted in good faith by a retailer or seller of tangible personal property shall be or a vendor of prewritten computer software or specified digital goods is liable for use tax and related interest and penalties with respect to any transaction that the department subsequently determines properly subjects the vendor to the transaction privilege tax and not use tax.  The vendor shall be is relieved of the duty to pay transaction privilege tax on such transactions.

4.  In addition to any use tax liabilities, a holder of a use tax direct payment permit that gives a use tax direct payment certificate to a retailer or seller is subject to the same penalty provisions that apply to a retailer or seller. END_STATUTE

Sec. 12.  Title 42, chapter 6, article 1, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by adding section 42-6017, to read:

START_STATUTE42-6017.  Municipal tax on prewritten computer software, specified digital goods and digital services; definitions

A.  A city or town that imposes a transaction privilege tax shall impose the tax on proceeds from selling, leasing or licensing the use of prewritten computer software and providing specified digital goods but only by adopting the same terms and conditions provided in section 42‑5077.  All taxes on prewritten computer software and specified digital goods shall be sourced as provided in section 42-5040.

B.  A city, town or other taxing jurisdiction may not levy a transaction privilege, sales, use or other similar tax, however denominated, on digital services or specified digital goods that are expressly excluded from taxation under section 42‑5002, subsection C.

C.  This section does not apply with respect to services provided by a person that is subject to tax under the online lodging marketplace classification pursuant to sections 42-5076 and 42-6009.

D.  For the purposes of this section, "digital services", "prewritten computer software" and "specified digital goods" have the same meanings prescribed in section 42-5077. END_STATUTE

Sec. 13.  Legislative intent

The legislature intends that:

1.  Proceeds from sales, leases and licenses for using prewritten computer software and providing specified digital goods be subject to transaction privilege and use tax as provided by law from and after the effective date of this act.

2.  Proceeds from providing digital services not be subject to state and local transaction privilege and use taxes.

Sec. 14.  Applicability

This act applies to taxable periods beginning on or after the first day of the month following the general effective date.

Sec. 15.  Conditional enactment

Section 42‑5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2018, chapter 104, section 15, chapter 249, section 1 and chapter 263, section 1 and this act, becomes effective on the date prescribed by Laws 2018, chapter 263, section 5 but only on the occurrence of the condition prescribed by Laws 2018, chapter 263, section 5.

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