Bill Text: AZ SB1416 | 2017 | Fifty-third Legislature 1st Regular | Chaptered


Bill Title: Quality jobs incentives; tax credits

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 1-0)

Status: (Passed) 2017-05-22 - Chapter 340 [SB1416 Detail]

Download: Arizona-2017-SB1416-Chaptered.html

 

 

 

House Engrossed Senate Bill

 

 

 

 

State of Arizona

Senate

Fifty-third Legislature

First Regular Session

2017

 

 

 

CHAPTER 340

 

SENATE BILL 1416

 

 

AN ACT

 

amending sections 41-1525, 42‑2003 and 42‑5032.02, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending section 42-5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2017, chapter 76, section 11; amending section 42-5159, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2017, chapter 76, section 13; amending section 42-13054, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending section 43‑1074.01, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2014, chapter 168, section 6; amending sections 43‑1083.03 and 43‑1164.04, Arizona Revised Statutes; amending section 43‑1168, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2014, chapter 168, section 10; relating to Arizona quality jobs incentives.

 

 

(TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)

 


Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:

Section 1.  Section 41-1525, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE41-1525.  Arizona quality jobs incentives; tax credits for new employment; qualifications; definitions

A.  The owner of a business that is located in this state before July 2017 2025 is eligible for income tax credits under section 43‑1074 or 43‑1161 or an insurance premium tax credit under section 20‑224.03 for net increases in full-time employees residing in this state and hired in qualified employment positions in this state.

B.  To qualify under this section, and subject to preapproval by the authority, the business must meet either at least one of the following requirements for each location of the business before it claims a first year tax credit for the location:

1.  Invest at least five million dollars of capital investment and create at least twenty-five net new qualified employment positions at a location within the exterior boundaries of a city or town that has a population of fifty thousand persons or more and that is located in a county that has a population of eight hundred thousand persons or more that pay compensation at least equal to one hundred percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in an urban location.

2.  Invest at least two million five hundred thousand dollars of capital investment and create at least twenty-five net new qualified employment positions that pay compensation at least equal to one hundred twenty-five percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in an urban location.

3.  Invest at least one million dollars of capital investment and create at least twenty-five net new qualified employment positions that pay compensation at least equal to one hundred fifty percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in an urban location.

4.  INVEST AT LEAST FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS OF CAPITAL INVESTMENT AND Create at least twenty-five net new qualified employment positions that pay compensation at least equal to two hundred percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in an urban location.

2.  5.  Invest at least one million dollars of capital investment and create at least five net new qualified employment positions that pay compensation at least equal to one hundred percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in any other a rural location.

6.  Invest at least five hundred thousand dollars of capital investment and create at least five net new qualified positions that pay compensation at least equal to one hundred twenty-five percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in a rural location.

7.  Invest at least one hundred thousand dollars of capital investment and create at least five net new qualified positions that pay compensation at least equal to one hundred fifty percent of the county median wage as computed annually by the authority in a rural location.

C.  The capital investment and the new qualified employment positions requirements of subsection B of this section must be accomplished within twelve months after the start of the required capital investment.  No credit may be claimed until both requirements are met.  A business that meets the requirements of subsection B of this section for a location is eligible to claim first year credits for three years beginning with the taxable year in which those requirements are completed. Employees hired at the location before the beginning of the taxable year but during the twelve-month period allowed in this subsection are considered to be new employees for the taxable year in which all of those requirements are completed.  The employees that are considered to be new employees for the taxable year under this subsection shall not be included in the average number of full-time employees during the immediately preceding taxable year until the taxable year in which all of the requirements of subsection B of this section are completed.  An employee working at a temporary work site worksite in this state while the designated location is under construction is considered to be working at the designated location if all of the following occur:

1.  The employee is hired after the start of the required investment at the designated location.

2.  The employee is hired to work at the designated location after it is completed.

3.  The payroll for the employees destined for the designated location is segregated from other employees.

4.  The employee is moved to the designated location within thirty days after its completion.

D.  No more than ten thousand new jobs for all employers qualify for first year credits each year.

E.  To claim a tax credit, the business must:

1.  Obtain preapproval from the authority at a time, on a form and in a manner prescribed by the authority.  Preapproval shall cover all first year credits intended to be claimed for the designated location and all second and third year credits associated with those first year credits.

2.  Certify to the department of revenue or the department of insurance, as applicable, on or before the due date of the tax return, including any extensions for the year for which the credit is claimed, in a form prescribed by the department, including electronic media, information that the department may require, including the ownership interests of co‑owners of the business if the business is a partnership, limited liability company or an S corporation, and the following information for each employee in the designated location:

(a)  The date of initial employment.

(b)  The number of hours worked during the year.

(c)  Whether the position was full‑time.

(d)  The employee's annual compensation.

(e)  The total cost of health insurance for the employee and the cost paid by the employer.

(f)  Other information required by the department.

3.  Report and certify to the authority the following information, and provide supporting documentation, on a form and in a manner approved by the authority, and as specified in subsection F of this section, for each year in which the taxpayer earned and claimed or used credits or is carrying forward amounts from previously earned and claimed credits:

(a)  The business name and mailing address and any other contact information requested by the authority.

(b)  The physical address of the business location or locations and the number of employees qualified for the credit at each location.

(c)  The average hourly wage and the total amount of compensation paid to employees qualified for the credit and for all employees.

(d)  The total number of qualified employment positions and the amount of income tax or premium tax credits qualified for in the taxable year.

(e)  The estimated amount of tax credits to be used in the taxable year to offset tax liability.

(f)  The estimated amount of tax credits to be available for carryforward in the taxable year and the year in which the credits expire.

(g)  The number of jobs and the amount of credits earned and claimed on the prior year's tax return.

(h)  The amount of credits used to offset tax liabilities on the prior year's tax return.

(i)  The amount of credits available for carryforward as reported on the prior year's tax return and the year the credits expire.

(j)  Capital investment made during the taxable year and the preceding taxable year.

(k)  Other information necessary for the management and reporting of the incentives under this section.

4.  For any year in which the taxpayer is claiming first year credits, report and certify the following additional information and provide supporting documentation to the authority on a form and in a manner approved by the authority, and as specified in subsection F of this section:

(a)  That the net increase in the number of qualified employment positions for which credit is sought is the least of:

(i)  The total number of filled qualified employment positions created at the designated location or locations during the taxable year.

(ii)  The difference between the average number of full‑time employees in this state in the current taxable year and the average number of full‑time employees in this state during the immediately preceding taxable year.

(b)  That all employees filling a qualified employment position were employed for at least ninety days during the first taxable year. Employees hired in the last ninety days of the taxable year are excluded for that taxable year and are considered to be new employees in the following taxable year.

(c)  That none of the employees filling qualified employment positions were employed by the taxpayer during the twelve months before the current date of hire except for those relocating to this state.

(d)  That all employees for whom second and third year credits are claimed are in qualified employment positions for which first year credits were allowed and claimed by the taxpayer on the original first and second year tax returns.

(e)  That all employees for whom credits are taken performed their job duties primarily at the designated locations of the business.

F.  To qualify for first year credits, the report and certification prescribed by subsection E, paragraphs 3 and 4 of this section must be filed with the authority by the earlier of six months after the end of the taxable year in which the qualified employment positions were created or by the date the tax return is filed for the taxable year in which the qualified employment positions were created.  To qualify for second year credits, the report and certification prescribed by subsection E, paragraph 3 of this section must be filed with the authority by the earlier of six months after the end of the taxable year or the date the tax return is filed for the taxable year in which the second year credits are allowable. To qualify for third year credits, the report and certification prescribed by subsection E, paragraph 3 of this section must be filed with the authority by the earlier of six months after the end of the taxable year or the date the tax return is filed for the taxable year in which the third year credits are allowable.

G.  Any information submitted to the authority under subsection E, paragraph 3, subdivisions (e) through (j) of this section is exempt from title 39, chapter 1, article 2 and considered to be confidential and is not subject to disclosure except:

1.  To the extent that the person or organization that provided the information consents to the disclosure.

2.  To the department of revenue for use in tax administration.

H.  Documents filed with the authority, the department of insurance and the department of revenue under subsection E of this section shall contain either a sworn statement or certification, signed by an officer of the company under penalty of perjury, that the information contained is true and correct according to the best belief and knowledge of the person submitting the information after a reasonable investigation of the facts. If the document contains information that is materially false, the taxpayer is ineligible for the tax credits described under subsection A of this section and is subject to recovery of the amount of tax credits allowed in preceding taxable years based on the false information, plus penalties and interest.

I.  The authority may make site visits to a taxpayer's facilities if it is necessary to further document or clarify reported information.  The taxpayer must freely provide the access.

J.  The authority by rule shall prescribe preapproval requirements and additional reporting requirements for taxpayers who claim tax credits pursuant to this section.

K.  On or before September 30 of each year, the authority shall transmit a report to the governor, the president of the senate, the speaker of the house of representatives and the chairpersons of the senate finance committee and the house of representatives ways and means committee and provide a copy of the report to the secretary of state. The report shall include the following information:

1.  The business names, locations, number of employees and amount of compensation paid to employees qualifying for income tax credits as reported to the authority.

2.  The amount of capital investment, made during the preceding fiscal year and cumulatively.

3.  The total amount of income tax credits allowed for the preceding taxable year and the number of qualified employment positions for which credits were claimed pursuant to sections 43‑1074 and 43‑1161.

L.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Capital investment" means an expenditure to acquire, lease or improve property that is used in operating a business, including:

(a)  Land, buildings, machinery and fixtures.

(b)  For taxable years beginning from and after June 30, 2011, equipment.

2.  "Designated location" means the location at which the required capital investment is made under subsection B of this section.

3.  "Location" means a single parcel or contiguous parcels of owned or leased land in this state, the structures and personal property contained on the land or any part of the structures occupied by the owner. Parcels that are separated only by a public thoroughfare or right-of-way are considered to be contiguous but parcels that are in locations respectively described by subsection B, paragraphs 1 and 2 of this section are not considered to be contiguous a single contiguous parcel that is located in both an urban location and a rural location is considered to be a contiguous urban location.

4.  "Qualified employment position" means employment that meets the following requirements:

(a)  The position consists of at least one thousand seven hundred fifty hours per year of full-time permanent employment.

(b)  The job duties are performed primarily at the location or locations of the business in this state.

(c)  The employment provides health insurance coverage for the employee for which the employer pays at least sixty-five per cent percent of the premium or membership cost.  If the business is self-insured, the employer pays at least sixty-five per cent percent of a predetermined fixed cost per employee for an insurance program that is payable whether or not the employee has filed claims.

(d)  The employer pays compensation at least equal to the median wage by county as computed annually by the authority wage threshold as described in subsection B of this section.

5.  "Rural location" means a location that is within the boundaries of tribal lands or a city or town with a population of less than fifty thousand persons or a county with a population of less than eight hundred thousand persons.

6.  "Urban location" means a location that is within the exterior boundaries of a city or town that has a population of fifty thousand persons or more and that is located in a county that has a population of eight hundred thousand persons or more. END_STATUTE

Sec. 2.  Section 42-2003, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-2003.  Authorized disclosure of confidential information

A.  Confidential information relating to:

1.  A taxpayer may be disclosed to the taxpayer, its successor in interest or a designee of the taxpayer who is authorized in writing by the taxpayer.  A principal corporate officer of a parent corporation may execute a written authorization for a controlled subsidiary.

2.  A corporate taxpayer may be disclosed to any principal officer, any person designated by a principal officer or any person designated in a resolution by the corporate board of directors or other similar governing body.

3.  A partnership may be disclosed to any partner of the partnership. This exception does not include disclosure of confidential information of a particular partner unless otherwise authorized.

4.  An estate may be disclosed to the personal representative of the estate and to any heir, next of kin or beneficiary under the will of the decedent if the department finds that the heir, next of kin or beneficiary has a material interest that will be affected by the confidential information.

5.  A trust may be disclosed to the trustee or trustees, jointly or separately, and to the grantor or any beneficiary of the trust if the department finds that the grantor or beneficiary has a material interest that will be affected by the confidential information.

6.  Any taxpayer may be disclosed if the taxpayer has waived any rights to confidentiality either in writing or on the record in any administrative or judicial proceeding.

7.  The name and taxpayer identification numbers of persons issued direct payment permits may be publicly disclosed.

B.  Confidential information may be disclosed to:

1.  Any employee of the department whose official duties involve tax administration.

2.  The office of the attorney general solely for its use in preparation for, or in an investigation that may result in, any proceeding involving tax administration before the department or any other agency or board of this state, or before any grand jury or any state or federal court.

3.  The department of liquor licenses and control for its use in determining whether a spirituous liquor licensee has paid all transaction privilege taxes and affiliated excise taxes incurred as a result of the sale of spirituous liquor, as defined in section 4‑101, at the licensed establishment and imposed on the licensed establishments by this state and its political subdivisions.

4.  Other state tax officials whose official duties require the disclosure for proper tax administration purposes if the information is sought in connection with an investigation or any other proceeding conducted by the official. Any disclosure is limited to information of a taxpayer who is being investigated or who is a party to a proceeding conducted by the official.

5.  The following agencies, officials and organizations, if they grant substantially similar privileges to the department for the type of information being sought, pursuant to statute and a written agreement between the department and the foreign country, agency, state, Indian tribe or organization:

(a)  The United States internal revenue service, alcohol and tobacco tax and trade bureau of the United States treasury, United States bureau of alcohol, tobacco, firearms and explosives of the United States department of justice, United States drug enforcement agency and federal bureau of investigation.

(b)  A state tax official of another state.

(c)  An organization of states, federation of tax administrators or multistate tax commission that operates an information exchange for tax administration purposes.

(d)  An agency, official or organization of a foreign country with responsibilities that are comparable to those listed in subdivision (a), (b) or (c) of this paragraph.

(e)  An agency, official or organization of an Indian tribal government with responsibilities comparable to the responsibilities of the agencies, officials or organizations identified in subdivision (a), (b) or (c) of this paragraph.

6.  The auditor general, in connection with any audit of the department subject to the restrictions in section 42‑2002, subsection D.

7.  Any person to the extent necessary for effective tax administration in connection with:

(a)  The processing, storage, transmission, destruction and reproduction of the information.

(b)  The programming, maintenance, repair, testing and procurement of equipment for purposes of tax administration.

(c)  The collection of the taxpayer's civil liability.

8.  The office of administrative hearings relating to taxes administered by the department pursuant to section 42‑1101, but the department shall not disclose any confidential information:

(a)  Regarding income tax or withholding tax.

(b)  On any tax issue relating to information associated with the reporting of income tax or withholding tax.

9.  The United States treasury inspector general for tax administration for the purpose of reporting a violation of internal revenue code section 7213A (26 United States Code section 7213A), unauthorized inspection of returns or return information.

10.  The financial management service of the United States treasury department for use in the treasury offset program.

11.  The United States treasury department or its authorized agent for use in the state income tax levy program and in the electronic federal tax payment system.

12.  The Arizona commerce authority for its use in:

(a)  Qualifying renewable energy operations for the tax incentives under sections 42‑12006, 43‑1083.01 and 43‑1164.01.

(b)  Qualifying businesses with a qualified facility for income tax credits under sections 43‑1083.03 and 43‑1164.04.

(c)  Fulfilling its annual reporting responsibility pursuant to section 41‑1511, subsections U and V and section 41‑1512, subsections U and V.

(d)  Certifying computer data centers for tax relief under section 41‑1519.

13.  A prosecutor for purposes of section 32‑1164, subsection C.

14.  The state fire marshal for use in determining compliance with and enforcing title 37, chapter 9, article 5.

15.  The department of transportation for its use in administering taxes, surcharges and penalties prescribed by title 28.

16.  The Arizona health care cost containment system administration for its use in administering nursing facility provider assessments.

C.  Confidential information may be disclosed in any state or federal judicial or administrative proceeding pertaining to tax administration pursuant to the following conditions:

1.  One or more of the following circumstances must apply:

(a)  The taxpayer is a party to the proceeding.

(b)  The proceeding arose out of, or in connection with, determining the taxpayer's civil or criminal liability, or the collection of the taxpayer's civil liability, with respect to any tax imposed under this title or title 43.

(c)  The treatment of an item reflected on the taxpayer's return is directly related to the resolution of an issue in the proceeding.

(d)  Return information directly relates to a transactional relationship between a person who is a party to the proceeding and the taxpayer and directly affects the resolution of an issue in the proceeding.

2.  Confidential information may not be disclosed under this subsection if the disclosure is prohibited by section 42‑2002, subsection C or D.

D.  Identity information may be disclosed for purposes of notifying persons entitled to tax refunds if the department is unable to locate the persons after reasonable effort.

E.  The department, on the request of any person, shall provide the names and addresses of bingo licensees as defined in section 5‑401, verify whether or not a person has a privilege license and number, a tobacco product distributor's license and number or a withholding license and number or disclose the information to be posted on the department's website or otherwise publicly accessible pursuant to section 42‑1124, subsection F and section 42‑3401.

F.  A department employee, in connection with the official duties relating to any audit, collection activity or civil or criminal investigation, may disclose return information to the extent that disclosure is necessary to obtain information that is not otherwise reasonably available.  These official duties include the correct determination of and liability for tax, the amount to be collected or the enforcement of other state tax revenue laws.

G.  If an organization is exempt from this state's income tax as provided in section 43‑1201 for any taxable year, the name and address of the organization and the application filed by the organization on which the department made its determination for exemption together with any papers submitted in support of the application and any letter or document issued by the department concerning the application are open to public inspection.

H.  Confidential information relating to transaction privilege tax, use tax, severance tax, jet fuel excise and use tax and any other tax collected by the department on behalf of any jurisdiction may be disclosed to any county, city or town tax official if the information relates to a taxpayer who is or may be taxable by a county, city or town or who may be subject to audit by the department pursuant to section 42‑6002.  Any taxpayer information released by the department to the county, city or town:

1.  May only be used for internal purposes, including audits.

2.  May not be disclosed to the public in any manner that does not comply with confidentiality standards established by the department.  The county, city or town shall agree in writing with the department that any release of confidential information that violates the confidentiality standards adopted by the department will result in the immediate suspension of any rights of the county, city or town to receive taxpayer information under this subsection.

I.  The department may disclose statistical information gathered from confidential information if it does not disclose confidential information attributable to any one taxpayer. The department may disclose statistical information gathered from confidential information, even if it discloses confidential information attributable to a taxpayer, to:

1.  The state treasurer in order to comply with the requirements of section 42‑5029, subsection A, paragraph 3.

2.  The joint legislative income tax credit review committee, the joint legislative budget committee staff and the legislative staff in order to comply with the requirements of section 43‑221.

J.  The department may disclose the aggregate amounts of any tax credit, tax deduction or tax exemption enacted after January 1, 1994. Information subject to disclosure under this subsection shall not be disclosed if a taxpayer demonstrates to the department that such information would give an unfair advantage to competitors.

K.  Except as provided in section 42‑2002, subsection C, confidential information, described in section 42‑2001, paragraph 1, subdivision (a), item (ii), may be disclosed to law enforcement agencies for law enforcement purposes.

L.  The department may provide transaction privilege tax license information to property tax officials in a county for the purpose of identification and verification of the tax status of commercial property.

M.  The department may provide transaction privilege tax, luxury tax, use tax, property tax and severance tax information to the ombudsman‑citizens aide pursuant to title 41, chapter 8, article 5.

N.  Except as provided in section 42‑2002, subsection D, a court may order the department to disclose confidential information pertaining to a party to an action. An order shall be made only on a showing of good cause and that the party seeking the information has made demand on the taxpayer for the information.

O.  This section does not prohibit the disclosure by the department of any information or documents submitted to the department by a bingo licensee. Before disclosing the information the department shall obtain the name and address of the person requesting the information.

P.  If the department is required or permitted to disclose confidential information, it may charge the person or agency requesting the information for the reasonable cost of its services.

Q.  Except as provided in section 42‑2002, subsection D, the department of revenue shall release confidential information as requested by the department of economic security pursuant to section 42‑1122 or 46‑291. Information disclosed under this subsection is limited to the same type of information that the United States internal revenue service is authorized to disclose under section 6103(l)(6) of the internal revenue code.

R.  Except as provided in section 42‑2002, subsection D, the department of revenue shall release confidential information as requested by the courts and clerks of the court pursuant to section 42‑1122.

S.  To comply with the requirements of section 42‑5031, the department may disclose to the state treasurer, to the county stadium district board of directors and to any city or town tax official that is part of the county stadium district confidential information attributable to a taxpayer's business activity conducted in the county stadium district.

T.  The department shall release to the attorney general confidential information as requested by the attorney general for purposes of determining compliance with or enforcing any of the following:

1.  Any public health control law relating to tobacco sales as provided under title 36, chapter 6, article 14.

2.  Any law relating to reduced cigarette ignition propensity standards as provided under title 37, chapter 9, article 5.

3.  Sections 44‑7101 and 44‑7111, the master settlement agreement referred to in those sections and all agreements regarding disputes under the master settlement agreement.

U.  For proceedings before the department, the office of administrative hearings, the board of tax appeals or any state or federal court involving penalties that were assessed against a return preparer, an electronic return preparer or a payroll service company pursuant to section 42‑1103.02, 42‑1125.01 or 43‑419, confidential information may be disclosed only before the judge or administrative law judge adjudicating the proceeding, the parties to the proceeding and the parties' representatives in the proceeding prior to its introduction into evidence in the proceeding. The confidential information may be introduced as evidence in the proceeding only if the taxpayer's name, the names of any dependents listed on the return, all social security numbers, the taxpayer's address, the taxpayer's signature and any attachments containing any of the foregoing information are redacted and if either:

1.  The treatment of an item reflected on such return is or may be related to the resolution of an issue in the proceeding.

2.  Such a return or the return information relates or may relate to a transactional relationship between a person who is a party to the proceeding and the taxpayer that directly affects the resolution of an issue in the proceeding.

3.  The method of payment of the taxpayer's withholding tax liability or the method of filing the taxpayer's withholding tax return is an issue for the period.

V.  The department and attorney general may share the information specified in subsection T of this section with any of the following:

1.  Federal, state or local agencies for the purposes of enforcement of corresponding laws of other states.

2.  A court, arbitrator, data clearinghouse or similar entity for the purpose of assessing compliance with or making calculations required by the master settlement agreement or agreements regarding disputes under the master settlement agreement, and with counsel for the parties or expert witnesses in any such proceeding, if the information otherwise remains confidential.

W.  The department may provide the name and address of qualifying hospitals and qualifying health care organizations, as defined in section 42‑5001, to a business classified and reporting transaction privilege tax under the utilities classification.

X.  The department may disclose to an official of any city, town or county in a current agreement or considering a prospective agreement with the department as described in section 42‑5032.02, subsection G any information relating to amounts subject to distribution required by section 42‑5032.02. Information disclosed by the department under this subsection:

1.  May only be used by the city, town or county for internal purposes.

2.  May not be disclosed to the public in any manner that does not comply with confidentiality standards established by the department.  The city, town or county must agree with the department in writing that any release of confidential information that violates the confidentiality standards will result in the immediate suspension of any rights of the city, town or county to receive information under this subsection.

Y.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the department may not disclose information provided by an online lodging marketplace, as defined in section 42‑5076, without the written consent of the online lodging marketplace, and the information may be disclosed only pursuant to subsection A, paragraphs 1 through 6, subsection B, paragraphs 1, 2, 7 and 8 and subsections C and D of this section. Such information:

1.  Is not subject to disclosure pursuant to title 39, relating to public records.

2.  May not be disclosed to any agency of this state or of any county, city, town or other political subdivision of this state. END_STATUTE

Sec. 3.  Section 42-5032.02, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5032.02.  Distribution of revenues for city, town or county infrastructure improvements related to manufacturing facilities; definitions

A.  Subject to subsection B of this section, from and after September 30, 2013 through September 30, 2023, each month the state treasurer shall pay a city, town or county the amount determined under subsection C of this section for the purpose of funding up to eighty per cent percent of the cost of public infrastructure improvements for the benefit of a manufacturing facility.

B.  The state treasurer shall not make any payments under subsection C of this section until both of the following apply:

1.  Twenty‑five per cent Ten percent of the qualifying capital investment that is certified under subsection D of this section and that constitutes construction phase services, as defined in section 42‑5075, has been made by the manufacturing facility.

2.  From and after June 30, 2014.

C.  The amount to be paid to a city, town or county under subsection A of this section is the total amount of state transaction privilege tax revenues collected under section 42‑5010, subsection A from persons conducting business under section 42‑5075 derived from contracts to construct buildings and associated improvements for the benefit of a manufacturing facility. The total amount paid to all cities, towns and counties under this subsection shall not exceed a maximum of fifty million dollars.

D.  Before Within one hundred eighty days after the commencement of the construction of buildings and associated improvements for the benefit of a manufacturing facility that will require a city, town or county to make infrastructure improvements, the manufacturing facility shall file a sworn certification with the Arizona commerce authority and submit a copy of this sworn certification to the applicable city, town or county that the manufacturing facility agrees to either:

1.  Make at least five hundred million dollars in capital investment if the manufacturing facility is located in a county that has a population of eight hundred thousand persons or more.

2.  Make at least fifty million dollars in capital investment if the manufacturing facility is located in a county that has a population of less than eight hundred thousand persons.

E.  The certification under subsection D of this section shall contain a sworn statement or certification, signed by an officer of the manufacturing facility under penalty of perjury, that the information contained is true and correct according to the best belief and knowledge of the person submitting the information to the department after a reasonable investigation of the facts.

F.  Before submitting the certification to the Arizona commerce authority, the manufacturing facility and the city, town or county must enter into a written agreement that:

1.  Identifies and states the cost of the public infrastructure improvements that will be constructed.

2.  Identifies the sources of monies, including monies received pursuant to this section, that will be used to pay for the public infrastructure improvements.

F.  G.  On receipt of the sworn certification from a manufacturing facility pursuant to subsection D of this section and before the commencement of the construction of buildings and associated improvements for the benefit of a manufacturing facility that will require a city, town or county to make infrastructure improvements, the city, town or county shall enter into a written agreement with the department.  This agreement and any amendments or changes to the agreement shall:

1.  State the cost of the public infrastructure improvements and separately identify the particular improvements that will be made.

2.  State that the monies received under this section will be used exclusively to pay for public infrastructure improvements that are necessary to support the activities of the manufacturing facility.

3.  State that the city, town or county will pay a minimum of twenty per cent of the cost of the public infrastructure improvements with its own monies or with monies from the manufacturing facility.

3.  State that the city, town or county will commit all of its portion of the revenue received pursuant to section 42-5029, subsection D derived from contracts subject to section 42-5075 for the construction of buildings and associated improvements for the benefit of the manufacturing facility for public infrastructure improvements that benefit the manufacturing facility.

4.  State that the city, town or county will immediately notify the department when monies received under this section exceed eighty per cent percent of the cost of the infrastructure improvements and will return the amount of the excess to the state treasurer for deposit to in the state general fund.

5.  Stipulate the actual amount of the construction funding that will be derived from sources other than the state.

6.  Identify the persons who will be prime contractors on the construction of buildings and associated improvements for the benefit of a manufacturing facility and state that each prime contractor has been notified as to which portion of the contractor's income shall be separately identified to the department pursuant to section 42‑5075, subsection H.

7.  State that the city, town or county agrees that any amounts paid by the department to a prime contractor as identified under paragraph 6 of this subsection resulting from an audit adjustment or claim for credit or refund of taxes described in subsection C of this section shall be recovered by the department from the city, town or county by reducing the amount paid to the city, town or county under section 42‑5029 from monies designated as distribution base in the month next succeeding the month in which the adjustment or claim is paid.

8.  State that the city, town or county agrees that the department will use the amounts subject to any distribution required under subsection A of this section in calculating the maximum amount set by subsection C of this section.

9.  State that the city, town or county agrees that if, on notification by the department, the state treasurer ceases payments because of the condition described in subsection H of this section, the city, town or county has no claim to additional payments if the department subsequently pays amounts to a prime contractor identified in an agreement with any city, town or county, as described in paragraph 6 of this subsection, due to an audit adjustment or claim for credit or refund of taxes described in subsection C of this section.

10.  Provide any other information deemed necessary by the department.

G.  H.  On notification by the department, the state treasurer shall cease payments under subsection A of this section if either of the following occurs:

1.   The city, town or county has received monies that meet or exceed eighty per cent percent of the cost of the public infrastructure improvements that are necessary to support the activities related to the manufacturing facility as described in the written agreement pursuant to subsection G of this section.

2.  The total amount subject to any distribution required under subsection A of this section has met the maximum amount set by subsection C of this section.

H.  I.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Associated improvement" includes any public infrastructure improvement that is made for the benefit of the manufacturing facility outside of the parcel or parcels of real property where the manufacturing facility is located.

2.  "Capital investment" means an expenditure to acquire, lease or improve property that is used for the benefit of a manufacturing facility, including land, buildings, machinery and fixtures.

3.  "Manufacturing facility":

(a)  Means an establishment that is engaged in the mechanical, physical or chemical transformation or fabrication of materials, substances or components into new products in this state, that is classified within sections 31 through 33 inclusive of the 2007 edition of the north American industry classification system as published by the national technical information service of the United States department of commerce and that agrees to either:

(i)  Make at least five hundred million dollars in capital investment if the manufacturing facility is located in a county that has a population of eight hundred thousand persons or more.

(ii)  Make at least fifty million dollars in capital investment if the manufacturing facility is located in a county that has a population of less than eight hundred thousand persons.

(b)  Does not include mining, milling or smelting mineral ore or generating electricity.

4.  "Population" means the population determined in the most recent United States decennial census or the most recent special census as provided in section 28‑6532.

5.  "Public infrastructure" means water production, delivery and disposal facilities, wastewater production, delivery and disposal facilities and roads that are necessary to support the activities of the manufacturing facility. END_STATUTE

Sec. 4.  Section 42-5061, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2017, chapter 76, section 11, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5061.  Retail classification; definitions

A.  The retail classification is comprised of the business of selling tangible personal property at retail.  The tax base for the retail classification is the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the business. The tax imposed on the retail classification does not apply to the gross proceeds of sales or gross income from:

1.  Professional or personal service occupations or businesses that involve sales or transfers of tangible personal property only as inconsequential elements.

2.  Services rendered in addition to selling tangible personal property at retail.

3.  Sales of warranty or service contracts.  The storage, use or consumption of tangible personal property provided under the conditions of such contracts is subject to tax under section 42‑5156.

4.  Sales of tangible personal property by any nonprofit organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes and recognized by the United States internal revenue service under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

5.  Sales to persons engaged in business classified under the restaurant classification of articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, whether simple, mixed or compounded.

6.  Business activity that is properly included in any other business classification that is taxable under this article.

7.  The sale of stocks and bonds.

8.  Drugs and medical oxygen, including delivery hose, mask or tent, regulator and tank, on the prescription of a member of the medical, dental or veterinarian profession who is licensed by law to administer such substances.

9.  Prosthetic appliances as defined in section 23‑501 and as prescribed or recommended by a health professional who is licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 7, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 or 29.

10.  Insulin, insulin syringes and glucose test strips.

11.  Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses.

12.  Hearing aids as defined in section 36‑1901.

13.  Durable medical equipment that has a centers for medicare and medicaid services common procedure code, is designated reimbursable by medicare, is prescribed by a person who is licensed under title 32, chapter 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 17 or 29, can withstand repeated use, is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose, is generally not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury and is appropriate for use in the home.

14.  Sales of motor vehicles to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the motor vehicle dealer ships or delivers the motor vehicle to a destination out of this state.

15.  Food, as provided in and subject to the conditions of article 3 of this chapter and section 42‑5074.

16.  Items purchased with United States department of agriculture food stamp coupons issued under the food stamp act of 1977 (P.L. 95‑113; 91 Stat. 958) or food instruments issued under section 17 of the child nutrition act (P.L. 95‑627; 92 Stat. 3603; P.L. 99‑661, section 4302; 42 United States Code section 1786).

17.  Textbooks by any bookstore that are required by any state university or community college.

18.  Food and drink to a person that is engaged in a business that is classified under the restaurant classification and that provides such food and drink without monetary charge to its employees for their own consumption on the premises during the employees' hours of employment.

19.  Articles of food, drink or condiment and accessory tangible personal property to a school district or charter school if such articles and accessory tangible personal property are to be prepared and served to persons for consumption on the premises of a public school within the district or on the premises of the charter school during school hours.

20.  Lottery tickets or shares pursuant to title 5, chapter 5.1, article 1.

21.  The sale of cash equivalents and the sale of precious metal bullion and monetized bullion to the ultimate consumer, but the sale of coins or other forms of money for manufacture into jewelry or works of art is subject to the tax and the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the redemption of any cash equivalent by the holder as a means of payment for goods or services that are taxable under this article is subject to the tax. For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Cash equivalents" means items or intangibles, whether or not negotiable, that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value denominated in money is purchased in advance and may be redeemed in full or in part for tangible personal property, intangibles or services.  Cash equivalents include gift cards, stored value cards, gift certificates, vouchers, traveler's checks, money orders or other instruments, orders or electronic mechanisms, such as an electronic code, personal identification number or digital payment mechanism, or any other prepaid intangible right to acquire tangible personal property, intangibles or services in the future, whether from the seller of the cash equivalent or from another person. Cash equivalents do not include either of the following:

(i)  Items or intangibles that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value is not denominated in money.

(ii)  Prepaid calling cards or prepaid authorization numbers for telecommunications services made taxable by subsection P of this section.

(b)  "Monetized bullion" means coins and other forms of money that are manufactured from gold, silver or other metals and that have been or are used as a medium of exchange in this or another state, the United States or a foreign nation.

(c)  "Precious metal bullion" means precious metal, including gold, silver, platinum, rhodium and palladium, that has been smelted or refined so that its value depends on its contents and not on its form.

22.  Motor vehicle fuel and use fuel that are subject to a tax imposed under title 28, chapter 16, article 1, sales of use fuel to a holder of a valid single trip use fuel tax permit issued under section 28‑5739, sales of aviation fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under section 28‑8344 and sales of jet fuel that are subject to the tax imposed under article 8 of this chapter.

23.  Tangible personal property sold to a person engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property under the personal property rental classification if such property is to be leased or rented by such person.

24.  Tangible personal property sold in interstate or foreign commerce if prohibited from being so taxed by the constitution of the United States or the constitution of this state.

25.  Tangible personal property sold to:

(a)  A qualifying hospital as defined in section 42‑5001.

(b)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide health and medical related educational and charitable services.

(c)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the organization is dedicated to providing educational, therapeutic, rehabilitative and family medical education training for blind and visually impaired children and children with multiple disabilities from the time of birth to age twenty‑one.

(d)  A qualifying community health center as defined in section 42‑5001.

(e)  A nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that regularly serves meals to the needy and indigent on a continuing basis at no cost.

(f)  For taxable periods beginning from and after June 30, 2001, a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that provides residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy, if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy.

(g)  A qualifying health sciences educational institution as defined in section 42‑5001.

(h)  Any person representing or working on behalf of another person described in subdivisions (a) through (g) of this paragraph if the tangible personal property is incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

26.  Magazines or other periodicals or other publications by this state to encourage tourist travel.

27.  Tangible personal property sold to:

(a)  A person that is subject to tax under this article by reason of being engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075 or to a subcontractor working under the control of a person engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075, if the property so sold is any of the following:

(i)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any real property, structure, project, development or improvement as part of the business.

(ii)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

(iii)  Used in environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

(b)  A person that is not subject to tax under section 42‑5075 and that has been provided a copy of a certificate under section 42‑5009, subsection L, if the property so sold is incorporated or fabricated by the person into the real property, structure, project, development or improvement described in the certificate.

28.  The sale of a motor vehicle to:

(a)  A nonresident of this state if the purchaser's state of residence does not allow a corresponding use tax exemption to the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter and if the nonresident has secured a special ninety day nonresident registration permit for the vehicle as prescribed by sections 28‑2154 and 28‑2154.01.

(b)  An enrolled member of an Indian tribe who resides on the Indian reservation established for that tribe.

29.  Tangible personal property purchased in this state by a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the United States internal revenue code and that engages in and uses such property exclusively in programs for persons with mental or physical disabilities if the programs are exclusively for training, job placement, rehabilitation or testing.

30.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4) or 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization is associated with a major league baseball team or a national touring professional golfing association and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

31.  Sales of commodities, as defined by title 7 United States Code section 2, that are consigned for resale in a warehouse in this state in or from which the commodity is deliverable on a contract for future delivery subject to the rules of a commodity market regulated by the United States commodity futures trading commission.

32.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4), 501(c)(6), 501(c)(7) or 501(c)(8) of the internal revenue code if the organization sponsors or operates a rodeo featuring primarily farm and ranch animals and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

33.  Sales of seeds, seedlings, roots, bulbs, cuttings and other propagative material to persons who use those items to commercially produce agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops in this state.

34.  Machinery, equipment, technology or related supplies that are only useful to assist a person with a physical disability as defined in section 46‑191 or a person who has a developmental disability as defined in section 36‑551 or has a head injury as defined in section 41‑3201 to be more independent and functional.

35.  Sales of natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas used to propel a motor vehicle.

36.  Paper machine clothing, such as forming fabrics and dryer felts, sold to a paper manufacturer and directly used or consumed in paper manufacturing.

37.  Coal, petroleum, coke, natural gas, virgin fuel oil and electricity sold to a qualified environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor as defined in section 41‑1514.02 and directly used or consumed in the generation or provision of on-site power or energy solely for environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing or environmental protection.  This paragraph shall apply for twenty full consecutive calendar or fiscal years from the date the first paper manufacturing machine is placed in service.  In the case of an environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor who does not manufacture paper, the time period shall begin with the date the first manufacturing, processing or production equipment is placed in service.

38.  Sales of liquid, solid or gaseous chemicals used in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, mining, refining, metallurgical operations, research and development and, beginning on January 1, 1999, printing, if using or consuming the chemicals, alone or as part of an integrated system of chemicals, involves direct contact with the materials from which the product is produced for the purpose of causing or permitting a chemical or physical change to occur in the materials as part of the production process. This paragraph does not include chemicals that are used or consumed in activities such as packaging, storage or transportation but does not affect any deduction for such chemicals that is otherwise provided by this section.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "printing" means a commercial printing operation and includes job printing, engraving, embossing, copying and bookbinding.

39.  Through December 31, 1994, personal property liquidation transactions, conducted by a personal property liquidator.  From and after December 31, 1994, personal property liquidation transactions shall be taxable under this section provided that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the taxation of casual activities or transactions under this chapter.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Personal property liquidation transaction" means a sale of personal property made by a personal property liquidator acting solely on behalf of the owner of the personal property sold at the dwelling of the owner or on the death of any owner, on behalf of the surviving spouse, if any, any devisee or heir or the personal representative of the estate of the deceased, if one has been appointed.

(b)  "Personal property liquidator" means a person who is retained to conduct a sale in a personal property liquidation transaction.

40.  Sales of food, drink and condiment for consumption within the premises of any prison, jail or other institution under the jurisdiction of the state department of corrections, the department of public safety, the department of juvenile corrections or a county sheriff.

41.  A motor vehicle and any repair and replacement parts and tangible personal property becoming a part of such motor vehicle sold to a motor carrier who is subject to a fee prescribed in title 28, chapter 16, article 4 and who is engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property.

42.  Sales of:

(a)  Livestock and poultry to persons engaging in the businesses of farming, ranching or producing livestock or poultry.

(b)  Livestock and poultry feed, salts, vitamins and other additives for livestock or poultry consumption that are sold to persons for use or consumption by their own livestock or poultry, for use or consumption in the businesses of farming, ranching and producing or feeding livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products or for use or consumption in noncommercial boarding of livestock.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

43.  Sales of implants used as growth promotants and injectable medicines, not already exempt under paragraph 8 of this subsection, for livestock or poultry owned by or in possession of persons who are engaged in producing livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products or who are engaged in feeding livestock or poultry commercially.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

44.  Sales of motor vehicles at auction to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the vehicles are shipped or delivered out of this state, regardless of where title to the motor vehicles passes or its free on board point.

45.  Tangible personal property sold to a person engaged in business and subject to tax under the transient lodging classification if the tangible personal property is a personal hygiene item or articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, except alcoholic beverages, that are furnished without additional charge to and intended to be consumed by the transient during the transient's occupancy.

46.  Sales of alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215, to a used oil fuel burner who has received a permit to burn used oil or used oil fuel under section 49‑426 or 49‑480.

47.  Sales of materials that are purchased by or for publicly funded libraries including school district libraries, charter school libraries, community college libraries, state university libraries or federal, state, county or municipal libraries for use by the public as follows:

(a)  Printed or photographic materials, beginning August 7, 1985.

(b)  Electronic or digital media materials, beginning July 17, 1994.

48.  Tangible personal property sold to a commercial airline and consisting of food, beverages and condiments and accessories used for serving the food and beverages, if those items are to be provided without additional charge to passengers for consumption in flight.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "commercial airline" means a person holding a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity or foreign air carrier permit for air transportation to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

49.  Sales of alternative fuel vehicles if the vehicle was manufactured as a diesel fuel vehicle and converted to operate on alternative fuel and equipment that is installed in a conventional diesel fuel motor vehicle to convert the vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215.

50.  Sales of any spirituous, vinous or malt liquor by a person that is licensed in this state as a wholesaler by the department of liquor licenses and control pursuant to title 4, chapter 2, article 1.

51.  Sales of tangible personal property to be incorporated or installed as part of environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

52.  Sales of tangible personal property by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization produces, organizes or promotes cultural or civic related festivals or events and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

53.  Application services that are designed to assess or test student learning or to promote curriculum design or enhancement purchased by or for any school district, charter school, community college or state university. For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Application services" means software applications provided remotely using hypertext transfer protocol or another network protocol.

(b)  "Curriculum design or enhancement" means planning, implementing or reporting on courses of study, lessons, assignments or other learning activities.

54.  Sales of motor vehicle fuel and use fuel to a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for off-road use in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

55.  Sales of repair parts installed in equipment used directly by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

56.  Sales or other transfers of renewable energy credits or any other unit created to track energy derived from renewable energy resources. For the purposes of this paragraph, "renewable energy credit" means a unit created administratively by the corporation commission or governing body of a public power utility to track kilowatt hours of electricity derived from a renewable energy resource or the kilowatt hour equivalent of conventional energy resources displaced by distributed renewable energy resources.

57.  Computer data center equipment sold to the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant of a computer data center that is certified by the Arizona commerce authority under section 41‑1519 or an authorized agent of the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant during the qualification period for use in the qualified computer data center.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "computer data center", "computer data center equipment", "qualification period" and "qualified colocation tenant" have the same meanings prescribed in section 41‑1519.

58.  Orthodontic devices dispensed by a dental professional who is licensed under title 32, chapter 11 to a patient as part of the practice of dentistry.

59.  Sales of tangible personal property incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, that is located within the exterior boundaries of an Indian reservation for which the owner, as defined in section 42‑5075, of the project is an Indian tribe or an affiliated Indian.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Affiliated Indian" means an individual native American Indian who is duly registered on the tribal rolls of the Indian tribe for whose benefit the Indian reservation was established.

(b)  "Indian reservation" means all lands that are within the limits of areas set aside by the United States for the exclusive use and occupancy of an Indian tribe by treaty, law or executive order and that are recognized as Indian reservations by the United States department of the interior.

(c)  "Indian tribe" means any organized nation, tribe, band or community that is recognized as an Indian tribe by the United States department of the interior and includes any entity formed under the laws of the Indian tribe.

60.  Sales of works of fine art, as defined in section 44‑1771, at an art auction or gallery in this state to nonresidents of this state for use outside this state if the vendor ships or delivers the work of fine art to a destination outside this state.

B.  In addition to the deductions from the tax base prescribed by subsection A of this section, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from sales of the following categories of tangible personal property shall be deducted from the tax base:

1.  Machinery, or equipment, used directly in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining or metallurgical operations.  The terms "manufacturing", "processing", "fabricating", "job printing", "refining" and "metallurgical" as used in this paragraph refer to and include those operations commonly understood within their ordinary meaning.  "Metallurgical operations" includes leaching, milling, precipitating, smelting and refining.

2.  Mining machinery, or equipment, used directly in the process of extracting ores or minerals from the earth for commercial purposes, including equipment required to prepare the materials for extraction and handling, loading or transporting such extracted material to the surface. "Mining" includes underground, surface and open pit operations for extracting ores and minerals.

3.  Tangible personal property sold to persons engaged in business classified under the telecommunications classification, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, and consisting of central office switching equipment, switchboards, private branch exchange equipment, microwave radio equipment and carrier equipment including optical fiber, coaxial cable and other transmission media that are components of carrier systems.

4.  Machinery, equipment or transmission lines used directly in producing or transmitting electrical power, but not including distribution.  Transformers and control equipment used at transmission substation sites constitute equipment used in producing or transmitting electrical power.

5.  Neat animals, horses, asses, sheep, ratites, swine or goats used or to be used as breeding or production stock, including sales of breedings or ownership shares in such animals used for breeding or production.

6.  Pipes or valves four inches in diameter or larger used to transport oil, natural gas, artificial gas, water or coal slurry, including compressor units, regulators, machinery and equipment, fittings, seals and any other part that is used in operating the pipes or valves.

7.  Aircraft, navigational and communication instruments and other accessories and related equipment sold to:

(a)  A person:

(i)  Holding, or exempted by federal law from obtaining, a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity for use as, in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(ii)  That is certificated or licensed under federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121 or 135) as a scheduled or unscheduled carrier of persons for hire for use as or in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iii)  Holding a foreign air carrier permit for air transportation for use as or in conjunction with or becoming a part of aircraft to be used to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iv)  Operating an aircraft to transport persons in any manner for compensation or hire, or for use in a fractional ownership program that meets the requirements of federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 91, subpart K), including as an air carrier, a foreign air carrier or a commercial operator or under a restricted category, within the meaning of 14 Code of Federal Regulations, regardless of whether the operation or aircraft is regulated or certified under part 91, 119, 121, 133, 135, 136 or 137, or another part of 14 Code of Federal Regulations.

(v)  That will lease or otherwise transfer operational control, within the meaning of Federal Aviation Administration Operations Specification A008, or its successor, of the aircraft, instruments or accessories to one or more persons described in item (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) of this subdivision, subject to section 42-5009, subsection Q.

(b)  Any foreign government.

(c)  Persons who are not residents of this state and who will not use such property in this state other than in removing such property from this state.  This subdivision also applies to corporations that are not incorporated in this state, regardless of maintaining a place of business in this state, if the principal corporate office is located outside this state and the property will not be used in this state other than in removing the property from this state.

8.  Machinery, tools, equipment and related supplies used or consumed directly in repairing, remodeling or maintaining aircraft, aircraft engines or aircraft component parts by or on behalf of a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

9.  Railroad rolling stock, rails, ties and signal control equipment used directly to transport persons or property.

10.  Machinery or equipment used directly to drill for oil or gas or used directly in the process of extracting oil or gas from the earth for commercial purposes.

11.  Buses or other urban mass transit vehicles that are used directly to transport persons or property for hire or pursuant to a governmentally adopted and controlled urban mass transportation program and that are sold to bus companies holding a federal certificate of convenience and necessity or operated by any city, town or other governmental entity or by any person contracting with such governmental entity as part of a governmentally adopted and controlled program to provide urban mass transportation.

12.  Groundwater measuring devices required under section 45‑604.

13.  New machinery and equipment consisting of agricultural aircraft, tractors, tractor‑drawn implements, self‑powered implements, machinery and equipment necessary for extracting milk, and machinery and equipment necessary for cooling milk and livestock, and drip irrigation lines not already exempt under paragraph 6 of this subsection and that are used for commercial production of agricultural, horticultural, viticultural and floricultural crops and products in this state.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "New machinery and equipment" means machinery and equipment that have never been sold at retail except pursuant to leases or rentals that do not total two years or more.

(b)  "Self‑powered implements" includes machinery and equipment that are electric‑powered.

14.  Machinery or equipment used in research and development.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "research and development" means basic and applied research in the sciences and engineering, and designing, developing or testing prototypes, processes or new products, including research and development of computer software that is embedded in or an integral part of the prototype or new product or that is required for machinery or equipment otherwise exempt under this section to function effectively.  Research and development do not include manufacturing quality control, routine consumer product testing, market research, sales promotion, sales service, research in social sciences or psychology, computer software research that is not included in the definition of research and development, or other nontechnological activities or technical services.

15.  Tangible personal property that is used by either of the following to receive, store, convert, produce, generate, decode, encode, control or transmit telecommunications information:

(a)  Any direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service that operates pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(b)  Any satellite television or data transmission facility, if both of the following conditions are met:

(i)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by the facility during the test period were transmitted to or on behalf of one or more direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission services that operate pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(ii)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by or on behalf of those direct broadcast television or data transmission services during the test period were transmitted by the facility to or on behalf of those services.

For the purposes of subdivision (b) of this paragraph, "test period" means the three hundred sixty‑five day period beginning on the later of the date on which the tangible personal property is purchased or the date on which the direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service first transmits information to its customers.

16.  Clean rooms that are used for manufacturing, processing, fabrication or research and development, as defined in paragraph 14 of this subsection, of semiconductor products.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "clean room" means all property that comprises or creates an environment where humidity, temperature, particulate matter and contamination are precisely controlled within specified parameters, without regard to whether the property is actually contained within that environment or whether any of the property is affixed to or incorporated into real property. Clean room:

(a)  Includes the integrated systems, fixtures, piping, movable partitions, lighting and all property that is necessary or adapted to reduce contamination or to control airflow, temperature, humidity, chemical purity or other environmental conditions or manufacturing tolerances, as well as the production machinery and equipment operating in conjunction with the clean room environment.

(b)  Does not include the building or other permanent, nonremovable component of the building that houses the clean room environment.

17.  Machinery and equipment used directly in the feeding of poultry, the environmental control of housing for poultry, the movement of eggs within a production and packaging facility or the sorting or cooling of eggs. This exemption does not apply to vehicles used for transporting eggs.

18.  Machinery or equipment, including related structural components, that is employed in connection with manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining, mining, natural gas pipelines, metallurgical operations, telecommunications, producing or transmitting electricity or research and development and that is used directly to meet or exceed rules or regulations adopted by the federal energy regulatory commission, the United States environmental protection agency, the United States nuclear regulatory commission, the Arizona department of environmental quality or a political subdivision of this state to prevent, monitor, control or reduce land, water or air pollution.

19.  Machinery and equipment that are sold to a person engaged in the commercial production of livestock, livestock products or agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops or products in this state, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, if the machinery and equipment are used directly and primarily to prevent, monitor, control or reduce air, water or land pollution.

20.  Machinery or equipment that enables a television station to originate and broadcast or to receive and broadcast digital television signals and that was purchased to facilitate compliance with the telecommunications act of 1996 (P.L. 104‑104; 110 Stat. 56; 47 United States Code section 336) and the federal communications commission order issued April 21, 1997 (47 Code of Federal Regulations part 73).  This paragraph does not exempt any of the following:

(a)  Repair or replacement parts purchased for the machinery or equipment described in this paragraph.

(b)  Machinery or equipment purchased to replace machinery or equipment for which an exemption was previously claimed and taken under this paragraph.

(c)  Any machinery or equipment purchased after the television station has ceased analog broadcasting, or purchased after November 1, 2009, whichever occurs first.

21.  Qualifying equipment that is purchased from and after June 30, 2004 through June 30, 2024 by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for harvesting or processing qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.  To qualify for this deduction, the qualified business at the time of purchase must present its certification approved by the department.

C.  The deductions provided by subsection B of this section do not include sales of:

1.  Expendable materials.  For the purposes of this paragraph, expendable materials do not include any of the categories of tangible personal property specified in subsection B of this section regardless of the cost or useful life of that property.

2.  Janitorial equipment and hand tools.

3.  Office equipment, furniture and supplies.

4.  Tangible personal property used in selling or distributing activities, other than the telecommunications transmissions described in subsection B, paragraph 15 of this section.

5.  Motor vehicles required to be licensed by this state, except buses or other urban mass transit vehicles specifically exempted pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 11 of this section, without regard to the use of such motor vehicles.

6.  Shops, buildings, docks, depots and all other materials of whatever kind or character not specifically included as exempt.

7.  Motors and pumps used in drip irrigation systems.

8.  Machinery and equipment or other tangible personal property used by a contractor in the performance of a contract.

D.  In addition to the deductions from the tax base prescribed by subsection A of this section, there shall be deducted from the tax base the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from sales of machinery, equipment, materials and other tangible personal property used directly and predominantly to construct a qualified environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing facility as described in section 41‑1514.02.  This subsection applies for ten full consecutive calendar or fiscal years after the start of initial construction.

E.  In computing the tax base, gross proceeds of sales or gross income from retail sales of heavy trucks and trailers does not include any amount attributable to federal excise taxes imposed by 26 United States Code section 4051.

F.  If a person is engaged in an occupation or business to which subsection A of this section applies, the person's books shall be kept so as to show separately the gross proceeds of sales of tangible personal property and the gross income from sales of services, and if not so kept the tax shall be imposed on the total of the person's gross proceeds of sales of tangible personal property and gross income from services.

G.  If a person is engaged in the business of selling tangible personal property at both wholesale and retail, the tax under this section applies only to the gross proceeds of the sales made other than at wholesale if the person's books are kept so as to show separately the gross proceeds of sales of each class, and if the books are not so kept, the tax under this section applies to the gross proceeds of every sale so made.

H.  A person who engages in manufacturing, baling, crating, boxing, barreling, canning, bottling, sacking, preserving, processing or otherwise preparing for sale or commercial use any livestock, agricultural or horticultural product or any other product, article, substance or commodity and who sells the product of such business at retail in this state is deemed, as to such sales, to be engaged in business classified under the retail classification.  This subsection does not apply to:

1.  Agricultural producers who are owners, proprietors or tenants of agricultural lands, orchards, farms or gardens where agricultural products are grown, raised or prepared for market and who are marketing their own agricultural products.

2.  Businesses classified under the:

(a)  Transporting classification.

(b)  Utilities classification.

(c)  Telecommunications classification.

(d)  Pipeline classification.

(e)  Private car line classification.

(f)  Publication classification.

(g)  Job printing classification.

(h)  Prime contracting classification.

(i)  Restaurant classification.

I.  The gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the following shall be deducted from the tax base for the retail classification:

1.  Sales made directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies by a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer.

2.  Sales made directly to a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer if such sales are of any ingredient or component part of products sold directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies by the manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer.

3.  Overhead materials or other tangible personal property that is used in performing a contract between the United States government and a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, including property used in performing a subcontract with a government contractor who is a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, to which title passes to the government under the terms of the contract or subcontract.

4.  Sales of overhead materials or other tangible personal property to a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer if the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from the property by the manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer will be exempt under paragraph 3 of this subsection.

J.  There shall be deducted from the tax base fifty percent of the gross proceeds or gross income from any sale of tangible personal property made directly to the United States government or its departments or agencies that is not deducted under subsection I of this section.

K.  The department shall require every person claiming a deduction provided by subsection I or J of this section to file on forms prescribed by the department at such times as the department directs a sworn statement disclosing the name of the purchaser and the exact amount of sales on which the exclusion or deduction is claimed.

L.  In computing the tax base, gross proceeds of sales or gross income does not include:

1.  A manufacturer's cash rebate on the sales price of a motor vehicle if the buyer assigns the buyer's right in the rebate to the retailer.

2.  The waste tire disposal fee imposed pursuant to section 44‑1302.

M.  There shall be deducted from the tax base the amount received from sales of solar energy devices.  The retailer shall register with the department as a solar energy retailer.  By registering, the retailer acknowledges that it will make its books and records relating to sales of solar energy devices available to the department for examination.

N.  In computing the tax base in the case of the sale or transfer of wireless telecommunications equipment as an inducement to a customer to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064, gross proceeds of sales or gross income does not include any sales commissions or other compensation received by the retailer as a result of the customer entering into or continuing a contract for the telecommunications services.

O.  For the purposes of this section, a sale of wireless telecommunications equipment to a person who holds the equipment for sale or transfer to a customer as an inducement to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064 is considered to be a sale for resale in the regular course of business.

P.  Retail sales of prepaid calling cards or prepaid authorization numbers for telecommunications services, including sales of reauthorization of a prepaid card or authorization number, are subject to tax under this section.

Q.  For the purposes of this section, the diversion of gas from a pipeline by a person engaged in the business of:

1.  Operating a natural or artificial gas pipeline, for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment to pressurize the pipeline, is not a sale of the gas to the operator of the pipeline.

2.  Converting natural gas into liquefied natural gas, for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment used in the conversion process, is not a sale of gas to the operator of the compressor equipment.

R.  For the purposes of this section, the transfer of title or possession of coal from an owner or operator of a power plant to a person in the business of refining coal is not a sale of coal if both of the following apply:

1.  The transfer of title or possession of the coal is for the purpose of refining the coal.

2.  The title or possession of the coal is transferred back to the owner or operator of the power plant after completion of the coal refining process.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "coal refining process" means the application of a coal additive system that aids in the reduction of power plant emissions during the combustion of coal and the treatment of flue gas.

S.  If a seller is entitled to a deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section, the department may require the purchaser to establish that the requirements of subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section have been satisfied.  If the purchaser cannot establish that the requirements of subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section have been satisfied, the purchaser is liable in an amount equal to any tax, penalty and interest that the seller would have been required to pay under article 1 of this chapter if the seller had not made a deduction pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 15, subdivision (b) of this section.  Payment of the amount under this subsection exempts the purchaser from liability for any tax imposed under article 4 of this chapter and related to the tangible personal property purchased.  The amount shall be treated as transaction privilege tax to the purchaser and as tax revenues collected from the seller to designate the distribution base pursuant to section 42‑5029.

T.  For the purposes of section 42‑5032.01, the department shall separately account for revenues collected under the retail classification from businesses selling tangible personal property at retail:

1.  On the premises of a multipurpose facility that is owned, leased or operated by the tourism and sports authority pursuant to title 5, chapter 8.

2.  At professional football contests that are held in a stadium located on the campus of an institution under the jurisdiction of the Arizona board of regents.

U.  In computing the tax base for the sale of a motor vehicle to a nonresident of this state, if the purchaser's state of residence allows a corresponding use tax exemption to the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter and the rate of the tax in the purchaser's state of residence is lower than the rate prescribed in article 1 of this chapter or if the purchaser's state of residence does not impose an excise tax, and the nonresident has secured a special ninety day nonresident registration permit for the vehicle as prescribed by sections 28‑2154 and 28‑2154.01, there shall be deducted from the tax base a portion of the gross proceeds or gross income from the sale so that the amount of transaction privilege tax that is paid in this state is equal to the excise tax that is imposed by the purchaser's state of residence on the nonexempt sale or use of the motor vehicle.

V.  For the purposes of this section:

1.  "Agricultural aircraft" means an aircraft that is built for agricultural use for the aerial application of pesticides or fertilizer or for aerial seeding.

2.  "Aircraft" includes:

(a)  An airplane flight simulator that is approved by the federal aviation administration for use as a phase II or higher flight simulator under appendix H, 14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121.

(b)  Tangible personal property that is permanently affixed or attached as a component part of an aircraft that is owned or operated by a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

3.  "Other accessories and related equipment" includes aircraft accessories and equipment such as ground service equipment that physically contact aircraft at some point during the overall carrier operation.

4.  "Selling at retail" means a sale for any purpose other than for resale in the regular course of business in the form of tangible personal property, but transfer of possession, lease and rental as used in the definition of sale mean only such transactions as are found on investigation to be in lieu of sales as defined without the words lease or rental.

W.  For the purposes of subsection I of this section:

1.  "Assembler" means a person who unites or combines products, wares or articles of manufacture so as to produce a change in form or substance without changing or altering the component parts.

2.  "Manufacturer" means a person who is principally engaged in the fabrication, production or manufacture of products, wares or articles for use from raw or prepared materials, imparting to those materials new forms, qualities, properties and combinations.

3.  "Modifier" means a person who reworks, changes or adds to products, wares or articles of manufacture.

4.  "Overhead materials" means tangible personal property, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from that would otherwise be included in the retail classification, and that are used or consumed in the performance of a contract, the cost of which is charged to an overhead expense account and allocated to various contracts based on generally accepted accounting principles and consistent with government contract accounting standards.

5.  "Repairer" means a person who restores or renews products, wares or articles of manufacture.

6.  "Subcontract" means an agreement between a contractor and any person who is not an employee of the contractor for furnishing of supplies or services that, in whole or in part, are necessary to the performance of one or more government contracts, or under which any portion of the contractor's obligation under one or more government contracts is performed, undertaken or assumed and that includes provisions causing title to overhead materials or other tangible personal property used in the performance of the subcontract to pass to the government or that includes provisions incorporating such title passing clauses in a government contract into the subcontract. END_STATUTE

Sec. 5.  Section 42-5159, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2017, chapter 76, section 13, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-5159.  Exemptions

A.  The tax levied by this article does not apply to the storage, use or consumption in this state of the following described tangible personal property:

1.  Tangible personal property, sold in this state, the gross receipts from the sale of which are included in the measure of the tax imposed by articles 1 and 2 of this chapter.

2.  Tangible personal property, the sale or use of which has already been subjected to an excise tax at a rate equal to or exceeding the tax imposed by this article under the laws of another state of the United States. If the excise tax imposed by the other state is at a rate less than the tax imposed by this article, the tax imposed by this article is reduced by the amount of the tax already imposed by the other state.

3.  Tangible personal property, the storage, use or consumption of which the constitution or laws of the United States prohibit this state from taxing or to the extent that the rate or imposition of tax is unconstitutional under the laws of the United States.

4.  Tangible personal property that directly enters into and becomes an ingredient or component part of any manufactured, fabricated or processed article, substance or commodity for sale in the regular course of business.

5.  Motor vehicle fuel and use fuel, the sales, distribution or use of which in this state is subject to the tax imposed under title 28, chapter 16, article 1, use fuel that is sold to or used by a person holding a valid single trip use fuel tax permit issued under section 28‑5739, aviation fuel, the sales, distribution or use of which in this state is subject to the tax imposed under section 28‑8344, and jet fuel, the sales, distribution or use of which in this state is subject to the tax imposed under article 8 of this chapter.

6.  Tangible personal property brought into this state by an individual who was a nonresident at the time the property was purchased for storage, use or consumption by the individual if the first actual use or consumption of the property was outside this state, unless the property is used in conducting a business in this state.

7.  Purchases of implants used as growth promotants and injectable medicines, not already exempt under paragraph 16 of this subsection, for livestock and poultry owned by, or in possession of, persons who are engaged in producing livestock, poultry, or livestock or poultry products, or who are engaged in feeding livestock or poultry commercially.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

8.  Purchases of:

(a)  Livestock and poultry to persons engaging in the businesses of farming, ranching or producing livestock or poultry.

(b)  Livestock and poultry feed, supplies, salts, vitamins and other additives sold to persons for use or consumption in the businesses of farming, ranching and producing or feeding livestock or poultry or for use or consumption in noncommercial boarding of livestock.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "poultry" includes ratites.

9.  Seeds, seedlings, roots, bulbs, cuttings and other propagative material for use in commercially producing agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops in this state.

10.  Tangible personal property not exceeding two hundred dollars in any one month purchased by an individual at retail outside the continental limits of the United States for the individual's own personal use and enjoyment.

11.  Advertising supplements that are intended for sale with newspapers published in this state and that have already been subjected to an excise tax under the laws of another state in the United States that equals or exceeds the tax imposed by this article.

12.  Materials that are purchased by or for publicly funded libraries including school district libraries, charter school libraries, community college libraries, state university libraries or federal, state, county or municipal libraries for use by the public as follows:

(a)  Printed or photographic materials, beginning August 7, 1985.

(b)  Electronic or digital media materials, beginning July 17, 1994.

13.  Tangible personal property purchased by:

(a)  A hospital organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(b)  A hospital operated by this state or a political subdivision of this state.

(c)  A licensed nursing care institution or a licensed residential care institution or a residential care facility operated in conjunction with a licensed nursing care institution or a licensed kidney dialysis center, which provides medical services, nursing services or health related services and is not used or held for profit.

(d)  A qualifying health care organization, as defined in section 42‑5001, if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide health and medical related educational and charitable services.

(e)  A qualifying health care organization as defined in section 42‑5001 if the organization is dedicated to providing educational, therapeutic, rehabilitative and family medical education training for blind and visually impaired children and children with multiple disabilities from the time of birth to age twenty‑one.

(f)  A nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the United States internal revenue code and that engages in and uses such property exclusively in programs for persons with mental or physical disabilities if the programs are exclusively for training, job placement, rehabilitation or testing.

(g)  A person that is subject to tax under this chapter by reason of being engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075, or a subcontractor working under the control of a person that is engaged in business classified under section 42‑5075, if the tangible personal property is any of the following:

(i)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into a structure, project, development or improvement in fulfillment of a contract.

(ii)  Incorporated or fabricated by the person into any project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

(iii)  Used in environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

(h)  A person that is not subject to tax under section 42‑5075 and that has been provided a copy of a certificate described in section 42‑5009, subsection L, if the property purchased is incorporated or fabricated by the person into the real property, structure, project, development or improvement described in the certificate.

(i)  A nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code if the property is purchased from the parent or an affiliate organization that is located outside this state.

(j)  A qualifying community health center as defined in section 42‑5001.

(k)  A nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that regularly serves meals to the needy and indigent on a continuing basis at no cost.

(l)  A person engaged in business under the transient lodging classification if the property is a personal hygiene item or articles used by human beings for food, drink or condiment, except alcoholic beverages, which are furnished without additional charge to and intended to be consumed by the transient during the transient's occupancy.

(m)  For taxable periods beginning from and after June 30, 2001, a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that provides residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy, if the tangible personal property is used by the organization solely to provide residential apartment housing for low income persons over sixty‑two years of age in a facility that qualifies for a federal housing subsidy.

(n)  A qualifying health sciences educational institution as defined in section 42‑5001.

(o)  A person representing or working on behalf of any person described in subdivision (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (i), (j), (k), (m) or (n) of this paragraph, if the tangible personal property is incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O.

14.  Commodities, as defined by title 7 United States Code section 2, that are consigned for resale in a warehouse in this state in or from which the commodity is deliverable on a contract for future delivery subject to the rules of a commodity market regulated by the United States commodity futures trading commission.

15.  Tangible personal property sold by:

(a)  Any nonprofit organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes and recognized by the United States internal revenue service under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

(b)  A nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4) or 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization is associated with a major league baseball team or a national touring professional golfing association and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(c)  A nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3), 501(c)(4), 501(c)(6), 501(c)(7) or 501(c)(8) of the internal revenue code if the organization sponsors or operates a rodeo featuring primarily farm and ranch animals and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

16.  Drugs and medical oxygen, including delivery hose, mask or tent, regulator and tank, on the prescription of a member of the medical, dental or veterinarian profession who is licensed by law to administer such substances.

17.  Prosthetic appliances, as defined in section 23‑501, prescribed or recommended by a person who is licensed, registered or otherwise professionally credentialed as a physician, dentist, podiatrist, chiropractor, naturopath, homeopath, nurse or optometrist.

18.  Prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses.

19.  Insulin, insulin syringes and glucose test strips.

20.  Hearing aids as defined in section 36‑1901.

21.  Durable medical equipment that has a centers for medicare and medicaid services common procedure code, is designated reimbursable by medicare, is prescribed by a person who is licensed under title 32, chapter 7, 13, 17 or 29, can withstand repeated use, is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose, is generally not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury and is appropriate for use in the home.

22.  Food, as provided in and subject to the conditions of article 3 of this chapter and section 42‑5074.

23.  Items purchased with United States department of agriculture food stamp coupons issued under the food stamp act of 1977 (P.L. 95‑113; 91 Stat. 958) or food instruments issued under section 17 of the child nutrition act (P.L. 95‑627; 92 Stat. 3603; P.L. 99‑661, section 4302; 42 United States Code section 1786).

24.  Food and drink provided without monetary charge by a taxpayer that is subject to section 42‑5074 to its employees for their own consumption on the premises during the employees' hours of employment.

25.  Tangible personal property that is used or consumed in a business subject to section 42‑5074 for human food, drink or condiment, whether simple, mixed or compounded.

26.  Food, drink or condiment and accessory tangible personal property that are acquired for use by or provided to a school district or charter school if they are to be either served or prepared and served to persons for consumption on the premises of a public school in the school district or on the premises of the charter school during school hours.

27.  Lottery tickets or shares purchased pursuant to title 5, chapter 5.1, article 1.

28.  Textbooks, sold by a bookstore, that are required by any state university or community college.

29.  Magazines, other periodicals or other publications produced by this state to encourage tourist travel.

30.  Paper machine clothing, such as forming fabrics and dryer felts, purchased by a paper manufacturer and directly used or consumed in paper manufacturing.

31.  Coal, petroleum, coke, natural gas, virgin fuel oil and electricity purchased by a qualified environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor as defined in section 41‑1514.02 and directly used or consumed in the generation or provision of on‑site power or energy solely for environmental technology manufacturing, producing or processing or environmental protection.  This paragraph shall apply for twenty full consecutive calendar or fiscal years from the date the first paper manufacturing machine is placed in service.  In the case of an environmental technology manufacturer, producer or processor who does not manufacture paper, the time period shall begin with the date the first manufacturing, processing or production equipment is placed in service.

32.  Motor vehicles that are removed from inventory by a motor vehicle dealer as defined in section 28‑4301 and that are provided to:

(a)  Charitable or educational institutions that are exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code.

(b)  Public educational institutions.

(c)  State universities or affiliated organizations of a state university if no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

33.  Natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas used to propel a motor vehicle.

34.  Machinery, equipment, technology or related supplies that are only useful to assist a person with a physical disability as defined in section 46‑191 or a person who has a developmental disability as defined in section 36‑551 or has a head injury as defined in section 41‑3201 to be more independent and functional.

35.  Liquid, solid or gaseous chemicals used in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, mining, refining, metallurgical operations, research and development and, beginning on January 1, 1999, printing, if using or consuming the chemicals, alone or as part of an integrated system of chemicals, involves direct contact with the materials from which the product is produced for the purpose of causing or permitting a chemical or physical change to occur in the materials as part of the production process.  This paragraph does not include chemicals that are used or consumed in activities such as packaging, storage or transportation but does not affect any exemption for such chemicals that is otherwise provided by this section.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "printing" means a commercial printing operation and includes job printing, engraving, embossing, copying and bookbinding.

36.  Food, drink and condiment purchased for consumption within the premises of any prison, jail or other institution under the jurisdiction of the state department of corrections, the department of public safety, the department of juvenile corrections or a county sheriff.

37.  A motor vehicle and any repair and replacement parts and tangible personal property becoming a part of such motor vehicle sold to a motor carrier who is subject to a fee prescribed in title 28, chapter 16, article 4 and who is engaged in the business of leasing or renting such property.

38.  Tangible personal property that is or directly enters into and becomes an ingredient or component part of cards used as prescription plan identification cards.

39.  Overhead materials or other tangible personal property that is used in performing a contract between the United States government and a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, including property used in performing a subcontract with a government contractor who is a manufacturer, modifier, assembler or repairer, to which title passes to the government under the terms of the contract or subcontract.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Overhead materials" means tangible personal property, the gross proceeds of sales or gross income derived from which would otherwise be included in the retail classification, that is used or consumed in the performance of a contract, the cost of which is charged to an overhead expense account and allocated to various contracts based on generally accepted accounting principles and consistent with government contract accounting standards.

(b)  "Subcontract" means an agreement between a contractor and any person who is not an employee of the contractor for furnishing of supplies or services that, in whole or in part, are necessary to the performance of one or more government contracts, or under which any portion of the contractor's obligation under one or more government contracts is performed, undertaken or assumed, and that includes provisions causing title to overhead materials or other tangible personal property used in the performance of the subcontract to pass to the government or that includes provisions incorporating such title passing clauses in a government contract into the subcontract.

40.  Through December 31, 1994, tangible personal property sold pursuant to a personal property liquidation transaction, as defined in section 42‑5061.  From and after December 31, 1994, tangible personal property sold pursuant to a personal property liquidation transaction, as defined in section 42‑5061, if the gross proceeds of the sales were included in the measure of the tax imposed by article 1 of this chapter or if the personal property liquidation was a casual activity or transaction.

41.  Wireless telecommunications equipment that is held for sale or transfer to a customer as an inducement to enter into or continue a contract for telecommunications services that are taxable under section 42‑5064.

42.  Alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215, purchased by a used oil fuel burner who has received a permit to burn used oil or used oil fuel under section 49‑426 or 49‑480.

43.  Tangible personal property purchased by a commercial airline and consisting of food, beverages and condiments and accessories used for serving the food and beverages, if those items are to be provided without additional charge to passengers for consumption in flight.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "commercial airline" means a person holding a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity or foreign air carrier permit for air transportation to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

44.  Alternative fuel vehicles if the vehicle was manufactured as a diesel fuel vehicle and converted to operate on alternative fuel and equipment that is installed in a conventional diesel fuel motor vehicle to convert the vehicle to operate on an alternative fuel, as defined in section 1‑215.

45.  Gas diverted from a pipeline, by a person engaged in the business of:

(a)  Operating a natural or artificial gas pipeline, and used or consumed for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment that pressurizes the pipeline.

(b)  Converting natural gas into liquefied natural gas, and used or consumed for the sole purpose of fueling compressor equipment used in the conversion process.

46.  Tangible personal property that is excluded, exempt or deductible from transaction privilege tax pursuant to section 42‑5063.

47.  Tangible personal property purchased to be incorporated or installed as part of environmental response or remediation activities under section 42‑5075, subsection B, paragraph 6.

48.  Tangible personal property sold by a nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(6) of the internal revenue code if the organization produces, organizes or promotes cultural or civic related festivals or events and no part of the organization's net earnings inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

49.  Prepared food, drink or condiment donated by a restaurant as classified in section 42‑5074, subsection A to a nonprofit charitable organization that has qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code and that regularly serves meals to the needy and indigent on a continuing basis at no cost.

50.  Application services that are designed to assess or test student learning or to promote curriculum design or enhancement purchased by or for any school district, charter school, community college or state university.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Application services" means software applications provided remotely using hypertext transfer protocol or another network protocol.

(b)  "Curriculum design or enhancement" means planning, implementing or reporting on courses of study, lessons, assignments or other learning activities.

51.  Motor vehicle fuel and use fuel to a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for off-road use in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

52.  Repair parts installed in equipment used directly by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 in harvesting, processing or transporting qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.

53.  Renewable energy credits or any other unit created to track energy derived from renewable energy resources.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "renewable energy credit" means a unit created administratively by the corporation commission or governing body of a public power entity to track kilowatt hours of electricity derived from a renewable energy resource or the kilowatt hour equivalent of conventional energy resources displaced by distributed renewable energy resources.

54.  Computer data center equipment sold to the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant of a computer data center that is certified by the Arizona commerce authority under section 41‑1519 or an authorized agent of the owner, operator or qualified colocation tenant during the qualification period for use in the qualified computer data center.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "computer data center", "computer data center equipment", "qualification period" and "qualified colocation tenant" have the same meanings prescribed in section 41‑1519.

55.  Coal acquired from an owner or operator of a power plant by a person who is responsible for refining coal if both of the following apply:

(a)  The transfer of title or possession of the coal is for the purpose of refining the coal.

(b)  The title or possession of the coal is transferred back to the owner or operator of the power plant after completion of the coal refining process.  For the purposes of this subdivision, "coal refining process" means the application of a coal additive system that aids the reduction of power plant emissions during the combustion of coal and the treatment of flue gas.

56.  Tangible personal property incorporated or fabricated into a project described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, that is located within the exterior boundaries of an Indian reservation for which the owner, as defined in section 42‑5075, of the project is an Indian tribe or an affiliated Indian.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Affiliated Indian" means an individual native American Indian who is duly registered on the tribal rolls of the Indian tribe for whose benefit the Indian reservation was established.

(b)  "Indian reservation" means all lands that are within the limits of areas set aside by the United States for the exclusive use and occupancy of an Indian tribe by treaty, law or executive order and that are recognized as Indian reservations by the United States department of the interior.

(c)  "Indian tribe" means any organized nation, tribe, band or community that is recognized as an Indian tribe by the United States department of the interior and includes any entity formed under the laws of the Indian tribe.

57.  Cash equivalents, precious metal bullion and monetized bullion purchased by the ultimate consumer, but coins or other forms of money for manufacture into jewelry or works of art are subject to tax, and tangible personal property that is purchased through the redemption of any cash equivalent by the holder as a means of payment for goods that are subject to tax under this article is subject to tax.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Cash equivalents" means items, whether or not negotiable, that are sold to one or more persons, through which a value denominated in money is purchased in advance and that may be redeemed in full or in part for tangible personal property, intangibles or services.  Cash equivalents include gift cards, stored value cards, gift certificates, vouchers, traveler's checks, money orders or other tangible instruments or orders. Cash equivalents do not include either of the following:

(i)  Items that are sold to one or more persons and through which a value is not denominated in money.

(ii)  Prepaid calling cards for telecommunications services.

(b)  "Monetized bullion" means coins and other forms of money that are manufactured from gold, silver or other metals and that have been or are used as a medium of exchange in this or another state, the United States or a foreign nation.

(c)  "Precious metal bullion" means precious metal, including gold, silver, platinum, rhodium and palladium, that has been smelted or refined so that its value depends on its contents and not on its form.

B.  In addition to the exemptions allowed by subsection A of this section, the following categories of tangible personal property are also exempt:

1.  Machinery, or equipment, used directly in manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining or metallurgical operations. The terms "manufacturing", "processing", "fabricating", "job printing", "refining" and "metallurgical" as used in this paragraph refer to and include those operations commonly understood within their ordinary meaning.  "Metallurgical operations" includes leaching, milling, precipitating, smelting and refining.

2.  Machinery, or equipment, used directly in the process of extracting ores or minerals from the earth for commercial purposes, including equipment required to prepare the materials for extraction and handling, loading or transporting such extracted material to the surface. "Mining" includes underground, surface and open pit operations for extracting ores and minerals.

3.  Tangible personal property sold to persons engaged in business classified under the telecommunications classification under section 42‑5064, including a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, and consisting of central office switching equipment, switchboards, private branch exchange equipment, microwave radio equipment and carrier equipment including optical fiber, coaxial cable and other transmission media that are components of carrier systems.

4.  Machinery, equipment or transmission lines used directly in producing or transmitting electrical power, but not including distribution.  Transformers and control equipment used at transmission substation sites constitute equipment used in producing or transmitting electrical power.

5.  Neat animals, horses, asses, sheep, ratites, swine or goats used or to be used as breeding or production stock, including sales of breedings or ownership shares in such animals used for breeding or production.

6.  Pipes or valves four inches in diameter or larger used to transport oil, natural gas, artificial gas, water or coal slurry, including compressor units, regulators, machinery and equipment, fittings, seals and any other part that is used in operating the pipes or valves.

7.  Aircraft, navigational and communication instruments and other accessories and related equipment sold to:

(a)  A person:

(i)  Holding, or exempted by federal law from obtaining, a federal certificate of public convenience and necessity for use as, in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(ii)  That is certificated or licensed under federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121 or 135) as a scheduled or unscheduled carrier of persons for hire for use as or in conjunction with or becoming part of an aircraft to be used to transport persons for hire in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iii)  Holding a foreign air carrier permit for air transportation for use as or in conjunction with or becoming a part of aircraft to be used to transport persons, property or United States mail in intrastate, interstate or foreign commerce.

(iv)  Operating an aircraft to transport persons in any manner for compensation or hire, or for use in a fractional ownership program that meets the requirements of federal aviation administration regulations (14 Code of Federal Regulations part 91, subpart K), including as an air carrier, a foreign air carrier or a commercial operator or under a restricted category, within the meaning of 14 Code of Federal Regulations, regardless of whether the operation or aircraft is regulated or certified under part 91, 119, 121, 133, 135, 136 or 137, or another part of 14 Code of Federal Regulations.

(v)  That will lease or otherwise transfer operational control, within the meaning of Federal Aviation Administration Operations Specification A008, or its successor, of the aircraft, instruments or accessories to one or more persons described in item (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) of this subdivision, subject to section 42-5009, subsection Q.

(b)  Any foreign government.

(c)  Persons who are not residents of this state and who will not use such property in this state other than in removing such property from this state.  This subdivision also applies to corporations that are not incorporated in this state, regardless of maintaining a place of business in this state, if the principal corporate office is located outside this state and the property will not be used in this state other than in removing the property from this state.

8.  Machinery, tools, equipment and related supplies used or consumed directly in repairing, remodeling or maintaining aircraft, aircraft engines or aircraft component parts by or on behalf of a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

9.  Rolling stock, rails, ties and signal control equipment used directly to transport persons or property.

10.  Machinery or equipment used directly to drill for oil or gas or used directly in the process of extracting oil or gas from the earth for commercial purposes.

11.  Buses or other urban mass transit vehicles that are used directly to transport persons or property for hire or pursuant to a governmentally adopted and controlled urban mass transportation program and that are sold to bus companies holding a federal certificate of convenience and necessity or operated by any city, town or other governmental entity or by any person contracting with such governmental entity as part of a governmentally adopted and controlled program to provide urban mass transportation.

12.  Groundwater measuring devices required under section 45‑604.

13.  New machinery and equipment consisting of agricultural aircraft, tractors, tractor‑drawn implements, self‑powered implements, machinery and equipment necessary for extracting milk, and machinery and equipment necessary for cooling milk and livestock, and drip irrigation lines not already exempt under paragraph 6 of this subsection and that are used for commercial production of agricultural, horticultural, viticultural and floricultural crops and products in this state.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "New machinery and equipment" means machinery or equipment that has never been sold at retail except pursuant to leases or rentals that do not total two years or more.

(b)  "Self‑powered implements" includes machinery and equipment that are electric‑powered.

14.  Machinery or equipment used in research and development.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "research and development" means basic and applied research in the sciences and engineering, and designing, developing or testing prototypes, processes or new products, including research and development of computer software that is embedded in or an integral part of the prototype or new product or that is required for machinery or equipment otherwise exempt under this section to function effectively.  Research and development do not include manufacturing quality control, routine consumer product testing, market research, sales promotion, sales service, research in social sciences or psychology, computer software research that is not included in the definition of research and development, or other nontechnological activities or technical services.

15.  Tangible personal property that is used by either of the following to receive, store, convert, produce, generate, decode, encode, control or transmit telecommunications information:

(a)  Any direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service that operates pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(b)  Any satellite television or data transmission facility, if both of the following conditions are met:

(i)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by the facility during the test period were transmitted to or on behalf of one or more direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission services that operate pursuant to 47 Code of Federal Regulations part 25.

(ii)  Over two‑thirds of the transmissions, measured in megabytes, transmitted by or on behalf of those direct broadcast television or data transmission services during the test period were transmitted by the facility to or on behalf of those services.

For the purposes of subdivision (b) of this paragraph, "test period" means the three hundred sixty‑five day period beginning on the later of the date on which the tangible personal property is purchased or the date on which the direct broadcast satellite television or data transmission service first transmits information to its customers.

16.  Clean rooms that are used for manufacturing, processing, fabrication or research and development, as defined in paragraph 14 of this subsection, of semiconductor products.  For the purposes of this paragraph, "clean room" means all property that comprises or creates an environment where humidity, temperature, particulate matter and contamination are precisely controlled within specified parameters, without regard to whether the property is actually contained within that environment or whether any of the property is affixed to or incorporated into real property.  Clean room:

(a)  Includes the integrated systems, fixtures, piping, movable partitions, lighting and all property that is necessary or adapted to reduce contamination or to control airflow, temperature, humidity, chemical purity or other environmental conditions or manufacturing tolerances, as well as the production machinery and equipment operating in conjunction with the clean room environment.

(b)  Does not include the building or other permanent, nonremovable component of the building that houses the clean room environment.

17.  Machinery and equipment that are used directly in the feeding of poultry, the environmental control of housing for poultry, the movement of eggs within a production and packaging facility or the sorting or cooling of eggs.  This exemption does not apply to vehicles used for transporting eggs.

18.  Machinery or equipment, including related structural components, that is employed in connection with manufacturing, processing, fabricating, job printing, refining, mining, natural gas pipelines, metallurgical operations, telecommunications, producing or transmitting electricity or research and development and that is used directly to meet or exceed rules or regulations adopted by the federal energy regulatory commission, the United States environmental protection agency, the United States nuclear regulatory commission, the Arizona department of environmental quality or a political subdivision of this state to prevent, monitor, control or reduce land, water or air pollution.

19.  Machinery and equipment that are used in the commercial production of livestock, livestock products or agricultural, horticultural, viticultural or floricultural crops or products in this state, including production by a person representing or working on behalf of such a person in a manner described in section 42‑5075, subsection O, if the machinery and equipment are used directly and primarily to prevent, monitor, control or reduce air, water or land pollution.

20.  Machinery or equipment that enables a television station to originate and broadcast or to receive and broadcast digital television signals and that was purchased to facilitate compliance with the telecommunications act of 1996 (P.L. 104‑104; 110 Stat. 56; 47 United States Code section 336) and the federal communications commission order issued April 21, 1997 (47 Code of Federal Regulations part 73).  This paragraph does not exempt any of the following:

(a)  Repair or replacement parts purchased for the machinery or equipment described in this paragraph.

(b)  Machinery or equipment purchased to replace machinery or equipment for which an exemption was previously claimed and taken under this paragraph.

(c)  Any machinery or equipment purchased after the television station has ceased analog broadcasting, or purchased after November 1, 2009, whichever occurs first.

21.  Qualifying equipment that is purchased from and after June 30, 2004 through June 30, 2024 by a qualified business under section 41‑1516 for harvesting or processing qualifying forest products removed from qualifying projects as defined in section 41‑1516.  To qualify for this exemption, the qualified business must obtain and present its certification from the Arizona commerce authority at the time of purchase.

C.  The exemptions provided by subsection B of this section do not include:

1.  Expendable materials.  For the purposes of this paragraph, expendable materials do not include any of the categories of tangible personal property specified in subsection B of this section regardless of the cost or useful life of that property.

2.  Janitorial equipment and hand tools.

3.  Office equipment, furniture and supplies.

4.  Tangible personal property used in selling or distributing activities, other than the telecommunications transmissions described in subsection B, paragraph 15 of this section.

5.  Motor vehicles required to be licensed by this state, except buses or other urban mass transit vehicles specifically exempted pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 11 of this section, without regard to the use of such motor vehicles.

6.  Shops, buildings, docks, depots and all other materials of whatever kind or character not specifically included as exempt.

7.  Motors and pumps used in drip irrigation systems.

8.  Machinery and equipment or tangible personal property used by a contractor in the performance of a contract.

D.  The following shall be deducted in computing the purchase price of electricity by a retail electric customer from a utility business:

1.  Revenues received from sales of ancillary services, electric distribution services, electric generation services, electric transmission services and other services related to providing electricity to a retail electric customer who is located outside this state for use outside this state if the electricity is delivered to a point of sale outside this state.

2.  Revenues received from providing electricity, including ancillary services, electric distribution services, electric generation services, electric transmission services and other services related to providing electricity with respect to which the transaction privilege tax imposed under section 42‑5063 has been paid.

E.  The tax levied by this article does not apply to the purchase of solar energy devices from a retailer that is registered with the department as a solar energy retailer or a solar energy contractor.

F.  The following shall be deducted in computing the purchase price of electricity by a retail electric customer from a utility business:

1.  Fees charged by a municipally owned utility to persons constructing residential, commercial or industrial developments or connecting residential, commercial or industrial developments to a municipal utility system or systems if the fees are segregated and used only for capital expansion, system enlargement or debt service of the utility system or systems.

2.  Reimbursement or contribution compensation to any person or persons owning a utility system for property and equipment installed to provide utility access to, on or across the land of an actual utility consumer if the property and equipment become the property of the utility. This deduction shall not exceed the value of such property and equipment.

G.  The tax levied by this article does not apply to the purchase price of electricity, natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas by:

1.  A qualified manufacturing or smelting business.  A utility that claims this deduction shall report each month, on a form prescribed by the department, the name and address of each qualified manufacturing or smelting business for which this deduction is taken.  This paragraph applies to gas transportation services.  For the purposes of this paragraph:

(a)  "Gas transportation services" means the services of transporting natural gas to a natural gas customer or to a natural gas distribution facility if the natural gas was purchased from a supplier other than the utility.

(b)  "Manufacturing" means the performance as a business of an integrated series of operations that places tangible personal property in a form, composition or character different from that in which it was acquired and transforms it into a different product with a distinctive name, character or use.  Manufacturing does not include job printing, publishing, packaging, mining, generating electricity or operating a restaurant.

(c)  "Qualified manufacturing or smelting business" means one of the following:

(i)  A business that manufactures or smelts tangible products in this state, of which at least fifty-one percent of the manufactured or smelted products will be exported out of state for incorporation into another product or sold out of state for a final sale.

(ii)  A business that derives at least fifty‑one percent of its gross income from the sale of manufactured or smelted products manufactured or smelted by the business.

(iii)  A business that uses at least fifty‑one percent of its square footage in this state for manufacturing or smelting and business activities directly related to manufacturing or smelting.

(iv)  A business that employs at least fifty-one percent of its workforce in this state in manufacturing or smelting and business activities directly related to manufacturing or smelting.

(v)  A business that uses at least fifty-one percent of the value of its capitalized assets in this state, as reflected on the business's books and records, for manufacturing or smelting and business activities directly related to manufacturing or smelting.

(d)  "Smelting" means to melt or fuse a metalliferous mineral, often with an accompanying chemical change, usually to separate the metal.

2.  A business that operates an international operations center in this state and that is certified by the Arizona commerce authority pursuant to section 41‑1520.

H.  For the purposes of subsection B of this section:

1.  "Agricultural aircraft" means an aircraft that is built for agricultural use for the aerial application of pesticides or fertilizer or for aerial seeding.

2.  "Aircraft" includes:

(a)  An airplane flight simulator that is approved by the federal aviation administration for use as a phase II or higher flight simulator under appendix H, 14 Code of Federal Regulations part 121.

(b)  Tangible personal property that is permanently affixed or attached as a component part of an aircraft that is owned or operated by a certificated or licensed carrier of persons or property.

3.  "Other accessories and related equipment" includes aircraft accessories and equipment such as ground service equipment that physically contact aircraft at some point during the overall carrier operation.

I.  For the purposes of subsection D of this section, "ancillary services", "electric distribution service", "electric generation service", "electric transmission service" and "other services" have the same meanings prescribed in section 42‑5063. END_STATUTE

Sec. 6.  Section 42-13054, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE42-13054.  Taxable value of personal property; depreciated values of personal property in class one, class two (P) and class six

A.  The taxable value of personal property that is valued by the county assessor is the result of acquisition cost less any appropriate depreciation as prescribed by tables adopted by the department.  The taxable value shall not exceed the market value.

B.  Except as provided in subsection C of this section and notwithstanding any other statute, the assessor shall adjust the depreciation schedules prescribed by the department as follows to determine the valuation of personal property:

1.  For personal property that is initially classified during tax year 1994 through tax year 2007 as class one, paragraph 8, 9, 10 or 13 pursuant to section 42‑12001 and personal property that is initially classified during tax year 1995 through tax year 2007 as class two (P) pursuant to section 42‑12002:

(a)  For the first tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use thirty‑five per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(b)  For the second tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use fifty‑one per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(c)  For the third tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use sixty‑seven per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(d)  For the fourth tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use eighty‑three per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(e)  For the fifth and subsequent tax years of assessment, the assessor shall use the scheduled depreciated value as prescribed in the department's guidelines.

2.  For personal property that is initially classified during tax year 2008 through tax year 2011 as class one, paragraph 8, 9, 10 or 13 pursuant to section 42‑12001 and personal property that is initially classified during tax year 2008 through tax year 2011 as class two (P) pursuant to section 42‑12002:

(a)  For the first tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use thirty per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(b)  For the second tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use forty-six per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(c)  For the third tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use sixty-two per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(d)  For the fourth tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use seventy-eight per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(e)  For the fifth tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use ninety-four per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(f)  For the sixth and subsequent tax years of assessment, the assessor shall use the scheduled depreciated value as prescribed in the department's guidelines.

3.  For personal property that is initially classified during or after tax year 2012 as class one, paragraph 8, 9, 10 or 13 pursuant to section 42‑12001, and personal property that is initially classified during or after tax year 2012 as class two (P) pursuant to section 42‑12002 and PERSONAL PROPERTY THAT IS ACQUIRED DURING OR AFTER TAX YEAR 2017 AND INITIALLY CLASSIFIED DURING OR AFTER TAX YEAR 2018 AS CLASS SIX PURSUANT TO SECTION 42-12006, paragraph 2 or 3:

(a)  For the first tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use twenty-five per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(b)  For the second tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use forty-one per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(c)  For the third tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use fifty-seven per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(d)  For the fourth tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use seventy-three per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(e)  For the fifth tax year of assessment, the assessor shall use eighty-nine per cent percent of the scheduled depreciated value.

(f)  For the sixth and subsequent tax years of assessment, the assessor shall use the scheduled depreciated value as prescribed in the department's guidelines.

C.  The additional depreciation prescribed in subsection B of this section:

1.  Does not apply to any property valued by the department.

2.  Shall not reduce the valuation below the minimum value prescribed by the department for property in use. END_STATUTE

Sec. 7.  Section 43-1074.01, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2014, chapter 168, section 6, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE43-1074.01.  Credit for increased research activities

A.  A credit is allowed against the taxes imposed by this title in an amount determined pursuant to section 41 of the internal revenue code, except that:

1.  The amount of the credit is based on the excess, if any, of the qualified research expenses for the taxable year over the base amount as defined in section 41(c) of the internal revenue code and is computed as follows:

(a)  If the excess is two million five hundred thousand dollars or less :

(i)  For taxable years through December 31, 2017, the credit is equal to twenty percent of that amount.

(ii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2017 through December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to twenty per cent twenty‑four percent of that amount.

(iii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to twenty percent of that amount.

(b)  If the excess is over two million five hundred thousand dollars :

(i)  For taxable years through December 31, 2017, the credit is equal to five hundred thousand dollars plus eleven percent of any amount exceeding two million five hundred thousand dollars.

(ii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2017, through December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to five six hundred thousand dollars plus eleven per cent fifteen percent of any amount exceeding two million five hundred thousand dollars. , except that:

(i)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2000 through December 31, 2001, the credit shall not exceed one million five hundred thousand dollars.

(ii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2001 through December 31, 2002, the credit shall not exceed two million five hundred thousand dollars.

(iii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to five hundred thousand dollars plus eleven percent of any amount exceeding two million five hundred thousand dollars.

(c)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2011, an additional credit amount is allowed if the taxpayer made basic research payments during the taxable year to a university under the jurisdiction of the Arizona board of regents. The additional credit amount is equal to ten per cent percent of the excess, if any, of the basic research payments over the qualified organization base period amount for the taxable year. The department shall not allow credit amounts under this subdivision and section 43‑1168, subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivision (d) that exceed, in the aggregate, a combined total of ten million dollars in any calendar year.  Subject to that limit, on application by the taxpayer, the department shall certify credit amounts under this subdivision and section 43‑1168, subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivision (d) based on priority placement established by the date that the taxpayer filed the application. For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2014, any basic research payments used to determine the additional credit under this subdivision must first receive certification from the Arizona commerce authority pursuant to section 41‑1507.01.  The additional credit amount under this subdivision shall not exceed the amount allowed based on actual basic research payments or the department's certification, whichever is less.  If an application, if certified in full, would exceed the ten million dollar limit, the department shall certify only an amount within that limit. After the limit is attained, the department shall deny any subsequent applications regardless of whether other certified amounts are not actually claimed as a credit or other taxpayers fail to qualify to actually claim certified amounts. Notwithstanding subsections B and C of this section, any amount of the additional credit under this subdivision that exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this title is not refundable, but may be carried forward to the next five consecutive taxable years. For the purposes of this subdivision, "basic research payments" and "qualified organization base period amount" have the same meanings prescribed by section 41(e) of the internal revenue code without regard to whether the taxpayer is or is not a corporation.

2.  Qualified research includes only research conducted in this state, including research conducted at a university in this state and paid for by the taxpayer.

3.  If two or more taxpayers, including partners in a partnership and shareholders of an S corporation, as defined in section 1361 of the internal revenue code, share in the eligible expenses, each taxpayer is eligible to receive a proportionate share of the credit.

4.  The credit under this section applies only to expenses incurred from and after December 31, 2000.

5.  The termination provisions of section 41 of the internal revenue code do not apply.

B.  Except as provided by subsection C of this section, if the allowable credit under this section exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this title on the claimant's income, or if there are no taxes due under this title, the amount of the credit not used to offset taxes may be carried forward to the next fifteen consecutive taxable years. The amount of credit carryforward from taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2000 through December 31, 2002 that may be used in any taxable year may not exceed the taxpayer's tax liability under this title or five hundred thousand dollars, whichever is less, minus the credit under this section for the current taxable year's qualified research expenses.  The amount of credit carryforward from taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2002 that may be used in any taxable year may not exceed the taxpayer's tax liability under this title minus the credit under this section for the current taxable year's qualified research expenses. A taxpayer who carries forward any amount of credit under this subsection may not thereafter claim a refund of any amount of the credit under subsection C of this section.

C.  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2009, if a taxpayer who claims a credit under this section employs fewer than one hundred fifty persons in the taxpayer's trade or business and if the allowable credit under this section exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this title on the claimant's income, or if there are no taxes due under this title, in lieu of carrying the excess amount of credit forward to subsequent taxable years under subsection B of this section, the taxpayer may elect to receive a refund as follows:

1.  The taxpayer must apply to the Arizona commerce authority for qualification for the refund pursuant to section 41‑1507 and submit a copy of the authority's certificate of qualification to the department of revenue with the taxpayer's income tax return.

2.  The amount of the refund is limited to seventy-five per cent percent of the amount by which the allowable credit under this section exceeds the taxpayer's tax liability under this title for the taxable year. The remainder of the excess amount of the credit is waived.

3.  The refund shall be paid in the manner prescribed by section 42‑1118.

4.  The refund is subject to setoff under section 42‑1122.

5.  If the department determines that a credit refunded pursuant to this subsection is incorrect or invalid, the excess credit issued may be treated as a tax deficiency pursuant to section 42‑1108.

D.  A taxpayer that claims a credit for increased research and development activity under this section shall not claim a credit under section 43‑1085.01 for the same expenses. END_STATUTE

Sec. 8.  Section 43-1083.03, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE43-1083.03.  Credit for qualified facilities

A.  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2012 through December 31, 2022, a credit is allowed against the taxes imposed by this title for qualifying investment and employment in expanding or locating a qualified facility in this state. To qualify for the credit, after June 30, 2012 the taxpayer must invest in a new qualified facility or expand an existing qualified facility in this state and produce new full‑time employment positions where the job duties are performed at the location of the qualifying investment.  The taxpayer must meet the employee compensation and employee health benefit requirements prescribed by section 41‑1512.

B.  The amount of the credit is computed as follows:

1.  Ten percent of the lesser of:

(a)  The total qualifying investment in the qualified facility.

(b)  Two hundred thousand dollars for each net new full-time employment position at the qualified facility.

2.  The amount of the credit shall not exceed the postapproval amount determined by the Arizona commerce authority under section 41‑1512, subsection P.

3.  Subject to subsection subsections G and J of this section:

(a)  The credit amount computed under paragraph 1 of this subsection is apportioned, and the taxpayer shall claim the credit in five equal annual installments in each of five consecutive taxable years.

(b)  The taxpayer may claim all five annual installments of a credit that was preapproved before January 1, 2023 by the Arizona commerce authority notwithstanding any intervening repeal or other termination of the credit.

C.  To claim the credit the taxpayer must:

1.  Conduct a business that qualifies under section 41‑1512.

2.  Receive preapproval and postapproval from the Arizona commerce authority pursuant to section 41‑1512.

3.  Submit to the department a copy of a current and valid certification of qualification issued to the taxpayer by the Arizona commerce authority.

D.  To be counted for the purposes of the credit, an employee must have been employed at the qualified facility for at least ninety days during the taxable year in a permanent full-time employment position of at least one thousand seven hundred fifty hours per year. An employee who is hired during the last ninety days of the taxable year shall be considered a new employee during the next taxable year. To be counted for the purposes of the credit during the first taxable year of employment, the employee must not have been previously employed by the taxpayer within twelve months before the current date of hire. The terms of employment must comply in all cases with the requirements of section 41‑1512 and be certified by the Arizona commerce authority.

E.  Co‑owners of a business, including partners in a partnership, members of a limited liability company and shareholders of an S corporation, as defined in section 1361 of the internal revenue code, may each claim only the pro rata share of the credit allowed under this section based on the ownership interest.  The total of the credits allowed all owners of the business may not exceed the amount that would have been allowed for a sole owner of the business.

F.  If the allowable tax credit for a taxable year exceeds the income taxes otherwise due on the claimant's income, or if there are no state income taxes due on the claimant's income, the amount of the claim not used as an offset against income taxes shall be paid to the taxpayer in the same manner as a refund under section 42‑1118.  Refunds made pursuant to this subsection are subject to setoff under section 42‑1122. If the department determines that a refund is incorrect or invalid, the excess refund may be treated as a tax deficiency pursuant to section 42‑1108.

G.  Except as provided by subsection H of this section, if, within five taxable years after first receiving a credit pursuant to this section, the certification of qualification of a business is terminated or revoked under section 41‑1512, other than for reasons beyond the control of the business as determined by the Arizona commerce authority, the taxpayer is disqualified from credits under this section in subsequent taxable years. On a determination that the taxpayer has committed fraud or relocated outside of this state within five taxable years after first receiving a credit pursuant to this section, the credits allowed the taxpayer in all taxable years pursuant to this section are subject to recapture pursuant to this subsection.  This subsection applies only in the case of the termination or revocation of a certification of qualification under section 41‑1512.  This subsection does not apply if, in any taxable year, a taxpayer otherwise does not qualify for or fails to claim the credit under this section.  The recapture of credits is computed by increasing the amount of taxes imposed in the year following the year of termination or revocation by the full amount of all credits previously allowed under this section.

H.  A taxpayer who claims a credit under section 43‑1074, 43‑1079 or 43‑1083.01 may not claim a credit under this section with respect to the same full‑time employment positions.

I.  The department of revenue shall adopt rules and prescribe forms and procedures as necessary for the purposes of this section.  The department of revenue and the Arizona commerce authority shall collaborate in adopting rules as necessary to avoid duplication and contradictory requirements while accomplishing the intent and purposes of this section.

J.  Each taxable year after the postapproval of the credit under section 41‑1512, subsection P, when the taxpayer files the taxpayer's income tax return, the taxpayer shall:

1.  Notify the department, on a form prescribed by the department, of any full‑time employment position for which a credit was claimed under this section and that was vacant for more than one hundred fifty days from the date the full‑time employment position was originally filled to the end of that tax taxable year. The period that a full‑time employment position was vacant may not include the period before the full‑time employment position was filled for the first time.

2.  Reduce the portion of the credit claimed for the taxable year pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 3 of this section by four thousand dollars for each full‑time employment position reported pursuant to paragraph 1 of this subsection. END_STATUTE

Sec. 9.  Section 43-1164.04, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE43-1164.04.  Credit for qualified facilities

A.  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2012 through December 31, 2022, a credit is allowed against the taxes imposed by this title for qualifying investment and employment in expanding or locating a qualified facility in this state. To qualify for the credit, after June 30, 2012 the taxpayer must invest in a new qualified facility or expand an existing qualified facility in this state and produce new full‑time employment positions where the job duties are performed at the location of the qualifying investment. The taxpayer must meet the employee compensation and employee health benefit requirements prescribed by section 41‑1512.

B.  The amount of the credit is computed as follows:

1.  Ten percent of the lesser of:

(a)  The total qualifying investment in the qualified facility.

(b)  Two hundred thousand dollars for each net new full-time employment position at the qualified facility.

2.  The amount of the credit shall not exceed the postapproval amount determined by the Arizona commerce authority under section 41‑1512, subsection P.

3.  Subject to subsection subsections G and J of this section:

(a)  The credit amount computed under paragraph 1 of this subsection is apportioned, and the taxpayer shall claim the credit in five equal annual installments in each of five consecutive taxable years.

(b)  The taxpayer may claim all five annual installments of a credit that was preapproved before January 1, 2023 by the Arizona commerce authority notwithstanding any intervening repeal or other termination of the credit.

C.  To claim the credit the taxpayer must:

1.  Conduct a business that qualifies under section 41‑1512.

2.  Receive preapproval and postapproval from the Arizona commerce authority pursuant to section 41‑1512.

3.  Submit to the department a copy of a current and valid certification of qualification issued to the taxpayer by the Arizona commerce authority.

D.  To be counted for the purposes of the credit, an employee must have been employed at the qualified facility for at least ninety days during the taxable year in a permanent full‑time employment position of at least one thousand seven hundred fifty hours per year. An employee who is hired during the last ninety days of the taxable year shall be considered a new employee during the next taxable year.  To be counted for the purposes of the credit during the first taxable year of employment, the employee must not have been previously employed by the taxpayer within twelve months before the current date of hire.  The terms of employment must comply in all cases with the requirements of section 41‑1512 and be certified by the Arizona commerce authority.

E.  Co-owners of a business, including corporate partners in a partnership and members of a limited liability company, may each claim only the pro rata share of the credit allowed under this section based on the ownership interest.  The total of the credits allowed all owners of the business may not exceed the amount that would have been allowed for a sole owner of the business.

F.  If the allowable tax credit for a taxable year exceeds the income taxes otherwise due on the claimant's income, or if there are no state income taxes due on the claimant's income, the amount of the claim not used as an offset against income taxes shall be paid to the taxpayer in the same manner as a refund under section 42‑1118.  Refunds made pursuant to this subsection are subject to setoff under section 42‑1122. If the department determines that a refund is incorrect or invalid, the excess refund may be treated as a tax deficiency pursuant to section 42‑1108.

G.  Except as provided by subsection H of this section, if, within five taxable years after first receiving a credit pursuant to this section, the certification of qualification of a business is terminated or revoked under section 41‑1512, other than for reasons beyond the control of the business as determined by the Arizona commerce authority, the taxpayer is disqualified from credits under this section in subsequent taxable years. On a determination that the taxpayer has committed fraud or relocated outside of this state within five taxable years after first receiving a credit pursuant to this section, the credits allowed the taxpayer in all taxable years pursuant to this section are subject to recapture pursuant to this subsection.  This subsection applies only in the case of the termination or revocation of a certification of qualification under section 41‑1512.  This subsection does not apply if, in any taxable year, a taxpayer otherwise does not qualify for or fails to claim the credit under this section.  The recapture of credits is computed by increasing the amount of taxes imposed in the year following the year of termination or revocation by the full amount of all credits previously allowed under this section.

H.  A taxpayer who claims a credit under section 43‑1161, 43‑1164.01 or 43‑1167 may not claim a credit under this section with respect to the same full‑time employment positions.

I.  The department of revenue shall adopt rules and prescribe forms and procedures as necessary for the purposes of this section.  The department of revenue and the Arizona commerce authority shall collaborate in adopting rules as necessary to avoid duplication and contradictory requirements while accomplishing the intent and purposes of this section.

J.  Each taxable year after the postapproval of the credit under section 41‑1512, subsection P, when the taxpayer files the taxpayer's income tax return, the taxpayer shall:

1.  Notify the department, on a form prescribed by the department, of any full‑time employment position for which a credit was claimed under this section and that was vacant for more than one hundred fifty days from the date the full‑time employment position was originally filled to the end of that tax taxable year. The period that a full‑time employment position was vacant may not include the period before the full‑time employment position was filled for the first time.

2.  Reduce the portion of the credit claimed for the taxable year pursuant to subsection B, paragraph 3 of this section by four thousand dollars for each full‑time employment position reported pursuant to paragraph 1 of this subsection. END_STATUTE

Sec. 10.  Section 43-1168, Arizona Revised Statutes, as amended by Laws 2014, chapter 168, section 10, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE43-1168.  Credit for increased research activity

A.  A credit is allowed against the taxes imposed by this title in an amount determined pursuant to section 41 of the internal revenue code, except that:

1.  The amount of the credit is computed as follows:

(a)  Add:

(i)  The excess, if any, of the qualified research expenses for the taxable year over the base amount as defined in section 41(c) of the internal revenue code.

(ii)  The basic research payments determined under section 41(e)(1)(A) of the internal revenue code.

(b)  If the sum computed under subdivision (a) of this paragraph is two million five hundred thousand dollars or less :

(i)  For taxable years through December 31, 2017, the credit is equal to twenty percent of that amount.

(ii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2017 through December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to twenty per cent twenty‑four percent of that amount.

(iii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to twenty percent of that amount.

(c)  If the sum computed under subdivision (a) of this paragraph is over two million five hundred thousand dollars :

(i)  For taxable years through December 31, 2017, the credit is equal to five hundred thousand dollars plus eleven percent of any amount exceeding two million five hundred thousand dollars.

(ii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2017, through December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to five six hundred thousand dollars plus eleven per cent fifteen percent of any amount exceeding two million five hundred thousand dollars. , except that:

(i)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2000 through December 31, 2001, the credit shall not exceed one million five hundred thousand dollars.

(ii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2001 through December 31, 2002, the credit shall not exceed two million five hundred thousand dollars.

(iii)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2021, the credit is equal to five hundred thousand dollars plus eleven percent of any amount exceeding two million five hundred thousand dollars.

(d)  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2011, an additional credit amount is allowed if the taxpayer made basic research payments during the taxable year to a university under the jurisdiction of the Arizona board of regents. The additional credit amount is equal to ten per cent percent of the excess, if any, of the basic research payments over the qualified organization base period amount for the taxable year. The department shall not allow credit amounts under this subdivision and section 43‑1074.01, subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivision (c) that exceed, in the aggregate, a combined total of ten million dollars in any calendar year.  Subject to that limit, on application by the taxpayer, the department shall certify credit amounts under this subdivision and section 43‑1074.01, subsection A, paragraph 1, subdivision (c) based on priority placement established by the date that the taxpayer filed the application. For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2014, any basic research payments used to determine the additional credit under this subdivision must first receive certification from the Arizona commerce authority pursuant to section 41‑1507.01.  The additional credit amount under this subdivision shall not exceed the amount allowed based on actual basic research payments or the department's certification, whichever is less.  If an application, if certified in full, would exceed the ten million dollar limit, the department shall certify only an amount within that limit.  After the limit is attained, the department shall deny any subsequent applications regardless of whether other certified amounts are not actually claimed as a credit or other taxpayers fail to qualify to actually claim certified amounts. Notwithstanding subsections B and D of this section, any amount of the additional credit under this subdivision that exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this title is not refundable, but may be carried forward to the next five consecutive taxable years. For the purposes of this subdivision, "basic research payments" and "qualified organization base period amount" have the same meanings prescribed by section 41(e) of the internal revenue code.

2.  Qualified research includes only research conducted in this state, including research conducted at a university in this state and paid for by the taxpayer.

3.  If two or more taxpayers, including corporate partners in a partnership, share in the eligible expenses, each taxpayer is eligible to receive a proportionate share of the credit.

4.  The credit under this section applies only to expenses incurred from and after December 31, 1993.

5.  The termination provisions of section 41 of the internal revenue code do not apply.

B.  Except as provided by subsection D of this section, if the allowable credit under this section exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this title on the claimant's income, or if there are no taxes due under this title, the amount of the credit not used to offset taxes may be carried forward to the next fifteen consecutive taxable years.  The amount of credit carryforward from taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2000 through December 31, 2002 that may be used under this subsection in any taxable year may not exceed the taxpayer's tax liability under this title or five hundred thousand dollars, whichever is less, minus the credit under this section for the current taxable year's qualified research expenses.  The amount of credit carryforward from taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2002 that may be used under this subsection in any taxable year may not exceed the taxpayer's tax liability under this title minus the credit under this section for the current taxable year's qualified research expenses.  A taxpayer that carries forward any amount of credit under this subsection may not thereafter claim a refund of any amount of the credit under subsection D of this section.

C.  If a taxpayer has qualified research expenses that are carried forward from taxable years beginning before January 1, 2001, the amount of the expenses carried forward shall be converted to a credit carryforward by multiplying the amount of the qualified expenses carried forward by twenty per cent percent.  A credit carryforward determined under this subsection may be carried forward to not more than fifteen years from the year in which the expenses were incurred.  The amount of credit carryforward from taxable years beginning before January 1, 2001 that may be used under this subsection in any taxable year may not exceed the taxpayer's tax liability under this title or five hundred thousand dollars, whichever is less, minus the credit under this section for the current taxable year's qualified research expenses. The total amount of credit carryforward from taxable years beginning before January 1, 2003 that may be used in any taxable year under subsection B and this subsection may not exceed the taxpayer's tax liability under this title or five hundred thousand dollars, whichever is less, minus the credit under this section for the current taxable year's qualified research expenses.

D.  For taxable years beginning from and after December 31, 2009, if a taxpayer who that claims a credit under this section employs fewer than one hundred fifty persons in the taxpayer's trade or business and if the allowable credit under this section exceeds the taxes otherwise due under this title on the claimant's income, or if there are no taxes due under this title, in lieu of carrying the excess amount of credit forward to subsequent taxable years under subsection B of this section, the taxpayer may elect to receive a refund as follows:

1.  The taxpayer must apply to the Arizona commerce authority for qualification for the refund pursuant to section 41‑1507 and submit a copy of the authority's certificate of qualification to the department of revenue with the taxpayer's income tax return.

2.  The amount of the refund is limited to seventy-five per cent percent of the amount by which the allowable credit under this section exceeds the taxpayer's tax liability under this title for the taxable year.  The remainder of the excess amount of the credit is waived.

3.  The refund shall be paid in the manner prescribed by section 42‑1118.

4.  The refund is subject to setoff under section 42‑1122.

5.  If the department determines that a credit refunded pursuant to this subsection is incorrect or invalid, the excess credit issued may be treated as a tax deficiency pursuant to section 42‑1108.

E.  A taxpayer that claims a credit for increased research and development activity under this section shall not claim a credit under section 43‑1164.02 for the same expenses. END_STATUTE

Sec. 11.  Effective date

This act is effective from and after December 31, 2017.


 

 

 

APPROVED BY THE GOVERNOR MAY 22, 2017.

 

FILED IN THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE MAY 22, 2017.

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