Bill Text: AZ SB1028 | 2020 | Fifty-fourth Legislature 2nd Regular | Introduced


Bill Title: DHS; enhanced surveillance; public health

Spectrum: Partisan Bill (Republican 1-0)

Status: (Introduced) 2020-01-14 - Senate read second time [SB1028 Detail]

Download: Arizona-2020-SB1028-Introduced.html

 

 

PREFILED    DEC 10 2019

REFERENCE TITLE: DHS; enhanced surveillance; public health

 

 

 

 

State of Arizona

Senate

Fifty-fourth Legislature

Second Regular Session

2020

 

 

SB 1028

 

Introduced by

Senator Carter

 

 

AN ACT

 

Amending sections 36‑782, 36‑783 and 36‑787, Arizona Revised Statutes; relating to public health.

 

 

(TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)

 


Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:

Section 1.  Section 36-782, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE36-782.  Enhanced surveillance advisory

A.  The governor, in consultation with the director, may issue an enhanced surveillance advisory if the governor has reasonable cause to believe that an illness, health condition or clinical syndrome caused by an emerging public health threat, bioterrorism, epidemic or pandemic disease or a highly fatal and highly infectious agent or biological toxin has occurred or may occur or that there is a public event that could reasonably be the object of a bioterrorism event.  The illness or health condition may not include acquired immune deficiency syndrome or any other infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus.

B.  As determined by the governor after considering the least restrictive measures necessary that are consistent with public health and safety, the enhanced surveillance advisory shall direct the following in accordance with this article:

1.  Those persons and entities required to report.

2.  The clinical syndromes, any illness or health condition that may be associated with bioterrorism or a specific illness or health condition to be reported.

3.  Patient tracking.

4.  Information sharing.

5.  Specimen testing coordination.

C.  The director shall notify local health authorities before the governor issues an enhanced surveillance advisory.  The department and local health authorities shall provide the enhanced surveillance advisory to those persons and entities required by the advisory to report pursuant to this article by using any available means of communication.  This article does not alter the department's or a local health authority's ability to monitor community health status or implement control measures for the early detection of communicable and preventable diseases otherwise allowed by law.

D.  Before the governor issues an enhanced surveillance advisory, the department and local health authorities must meet with representatives of persons or institutions who will be affected by the enhanced surveillance advisory pursuant to section 36‑783, subsections A, B and C.  If, because of an immediate threat to the public health or emerging public health threat, the department and local health authorities are not able to hold this meeting before the governor issues the advisory, the meeting must take place within seventy‑two hours after the governor issues the advisory.

E.  To the extent possible, the department and local health authorities shall share department and local health authority personnel, equipment, materials, supplies and other resources to assist persons and institutions affected to implement the terms of the advisory.

F.  At the governor's direction, the department may use reasonable efforts to assist the persons and institutions to receive reimbursement of costs incurred because of the implementation of the advisory.

G.  An enhanced surveillance advisory may be revised or terminated at any time by the director and automatically terminates after sixty days, unless renewed by the governor. END_STATUTE

Sec. 2.  Section 36-783, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE36-783.  Increased reporting during enhanced surveillance advisory

A.  A health care provider or medical examiner shall report to the local health authority all cases of any illness, health condition or clinical syndrome specified in the enhanced surveillance advisory.  The report shall provide additional information designated in the enhanced surveillance advisory.

B.  The state veterinarian, a veterinarian, a veterinarian laboratory professional or a wildlife professional shall report any case of animal illness or death due to the disease or other health condition designated in the enhanced surveillance advisory to the department or local health authority.  The report shall include the species and number of affected animals and the name and address of the reporting veterinarian, veterinarian laboratory professional or wildlife professional.

C.  A pharmacist who identifies any unusual increase in prescriptions for antibiotics or any unusual increase in prescriptions or sales of over‑the‑counter pharmaceuticals to treat the illness, health condition or clinical syndrome identified in the enhanced surveillance advisory shall report this information to the local health authority.  The report shall include the type of pharmaceutical and the name and address of the pharmaceutical provider.

D.  The reports must be in writing or by any method directed by the department or local public health authority and must be submitted within a time period specified by the department of health services of at least twenty‑four hours after identifying the reportable circumstance.  All persons required to report under this section must cooperate with the department and local health authority in effecting the enhanced surveillance advisory. Failure to report pursuant to this section is an act of unprofessional conduct.

E.  The department and local public health authority shall maintain as confidential:

1.  Any information or a particular part of information provided under this section that, if made public, would divulge the trade secrets of a person or business.

2.  Other information likely to cause substantial harm to the person's or business’ competitive position.

F.  The local health authority shall immediately notify the department of any reports received during the period of an enhanced surveillance advisory. END_STATUTE

Sec. 3.  Section 36-787, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

START_STATUTE36-787.  Public health authority during state of emergency or state of war emergency

A.  During a state of emergency or state of war emergency declared by the governor in which there is an occurrence or imminent threat of an illness or health condition that is caused by bioterrorism, an epidemic or pandemic disease or a highly fatal infectious agent or biological toxin and that poses a substantial risk of a significant number of human fatalities, or incidents of permanent or long‑term disability or an emerging public health threat, the department shall coordinate all matters pertaining to the public health emergency response of the state.  The department has primary jurisdiction, responsibility and authority for:

1.  Planning and executing public health emergency assessment, mitigation, preparedness response and recovery for this state.

2.  Coordinating public health emergency response among state, local and tribal authorities.

3.  Collaborating with relevant federal government authorities, elected officials of other states, private organizations and private sector companies.

4.  Coordinating recovery operations and mitigation initiatives subsequent to public health emergencies.

5.  Organizing public information activities regarding state public health emergency response operations.

6.  Establishing, in conjunction with applicable professional licensing boards, a process for temporary waiver of the professional licensure requirements necessary for the implementation of any measures required to adequately address the state of emergency or state of war emergency.

7.  Granting temporary waivers of health care institution licensure requirements necessary for implementation of any measures required to adequately address the state of emergency or state of war emergency.

B.  In addition to the authority provided in subsection A of this section, during a state of emergency or state of war emergency, the governor, in consultation with the director of the department of health services, may issue orders that:

1.  Mandate medical examinations for exposed persons.

2.  Ration medicine and vaccines.

3.  Provide for transportation of medical support personnel and ill and exposed persons.

4.  Provide for procurement of medicines and vaccines.

C.  In addition to the authority provided in subsections A and B of this section, during a state of emergency or state of war emergency in which there is an occurrence or the imminent threat of smallpox, plague, viral hemorrhagic fevers or a highly contagious and highly fatal disease with transmission characteristics similar to smallpox, the governor, in consultation with the director of the department of health services, may issue orders that:

1.  Mandate treatment or vaccination of persons who are diagnosed with an illness resulting from exposure or who are reasonably believed to have been exposed or who may reasonably be expected to be exposed.

2.  Isolate and quarantine persons.

D.  Law enforcement officials of this state and the national guard shall enforce orders issued by the governor under this section.

E.  Diseases subject to this section do not include acquired immune deficiency syndrome or any other infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus.

F.  If during a state of emergency or state of war emergency the public health is not endangered, nothing in this title shall authorize the department or any of and its officers or representatives to may not impose on any person against the person's will any mode of treatment, provided that if that person complies with sanitary or preventive measures and quarantine laws. are complied with by the person.  Nothing in this title shall authorize The department or any of and its officers or representatives to may not impose on any person contrary to his the person's religious concepts any mode of treatment, provided that if that person complies with sanitary or preventive measures and quarantine laws are complied with by the person.

G.  At the governor's direction, the department may use reasonable efforts to assist the persons and institutions affected by the state of emergency or state of war emergency declared pursuant to this section in seeking reimbursement of costs incurred as a result of providing services related to the implementation of isolation and quarantine under this article to the extent these services are not otherwise subject to reimbursement. END_STATUTE

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