Bill Text: MI SB0845 | 2011-2012 | 96th Legislature | Engrossed
Bill Title: Criminal procedure; sentencing; penalties for domestic violence with prior conviction; allow to be enhanced with a deferred and dismissed conviction. Amends sec. 4a, ch. IX of 1927 PA 175 (MCL 769.4a). [Track Bill]
Status: 2012-12-27 - Assigned Pa 364'12 [SB0845 Detail]
SB-0845, As Passed Senate, February 7, 2012
SENATE BILL NO. 845
A bill to amend 1927 PA 175, entitled
"The code of criminal procedure,"
by amending section 4a of chapter IX (MCL 769.4a), as amended by
2006 PA 663.
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:
Sec. 4a. (1) When an individual who has not been convicted
previously of an assaultive crime pleads guilty to, or is found
guilty of, a violation of section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal
code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and 750.81a, and the victim of the
assault is the offender's spouse or former spouse, an individual
who has had a child in common with the offender, an individual who
has or has had a dating relationship with the offender, or an
individual residing or having resided in the same household as the
offender, the court, without entering a judgment of guilt and with
the consent of the accused and of the prosecuting attorney in
consultation with the victim, may defer further proceedings and
place the accused on probation as provided in this section.
However, before deferring proceedings under this subsection, the
court shall contact the department of state police and determine
whether, according to the records of the department of state
police, the accused has previously been convicted of an assaultive
crime or has previously availed himself or herself of this section.
If the search of the records reveals an arrest for an assaultive
crime but no disposition, the court shall contact the arresting
agency and the court that had jurisdiction over the violation to
determine the disposition of that arrest for purposes of this
(2) Upon a violation of a term or condition of probation, the
court may enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise
provided in this chapter.
(3) An order of probation entered under subsection (1) may
include any condition of probation authorized under section 3 of
of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 771.3,
including, but not limited to,
requiring the accused to
participate in a mandatory counseling program. The court may order
the accused to pay the reasonable costs of the mandatory counseling
program. The court also may order the accused to participate in a
drug treatment court under chapter 10A of the revised judicature
of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1060 to
600.1082. 600.1084. The
court may order the defendant to be imprisoned for not more than 12
months at the time or intervals, which may be consecutive or
nonconsecutive and within the period of probation, as the court
determines. However, the period of imprisonment shall not exceed
the maximum period of imprisonment authorized for the offense if
the maximum period is less than 12 months. The court may permit day
parole as authorized under 1962 PA 60, MCL 801.251 to 801.258. The
court may permit a work or school release from jail.
(4) The court shall enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed
as otherwise provided in this chapter if any of the following
(a) The accused commits an assaultive crime during the period
(b) The accused violates an order of the court that he or she
receive counseling regarding his or her violent behavior.
(c) The accused violates an order of the court that he or she
have no contact with a named individual.
(5) Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court
shall discharge the person and dismiss the proceedings against the
person. Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without
adjudication of guilt and is not a conviction for purposes of this
section or for purposes of disqualifications or disabilities
imposed by law upon conviction of a crime, but it is a prior
conviction in a prosecution under sections 81(3) and (4) and 81a(3)
of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.81 and 750.81a.
may shall be only 1 discharge and dismissal under
this section with respect to any individual. The department of
state police shall retain a nonpublic record of an arrest and
discharge and dismissal under this section. This record shall be
to a court or police agency upon request
under subsection (1) or to an office of prosecuting attorney for
the purpose of showing that a defendant in a criminal action under
section 81 or 81a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL
750.81 and 750.81a, or a local ordinance substantially
corresponding to section 81 of that act has already once availed
himself or herself of this section or for the purpose of
determining whether the defendant in a criminal action is eligible
for discharge and dismissal of proceedings by a drug treatment
court under section 1076(5) of the revised judicature act of 1961,
1961 PA 236, MCL 600.1076.
(7) As used in this section:
(a) "Assaultive crime" means 1 or more of the following:
(i) That term as defined in section 9a of chapter X.
(ii) A violation of chapter XI of the Michigan penal code, 1931
328, MCL 750.81 to
(iii) A violation of a law of another state or of a local
ordinance of a political subdivision of this state or of another
state substantially corresponding to a violation described in
subparagraph (i) or (ii).
(b) "Dating relationship" means frequent, intimate
associations primarily characterized by the expectation of
affectional involvement. This term does not include a casual
relationship or an ordinary fraternization between 2 individuals in
a business or social context.
Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect July 1,