Bill Text: CA SB1255 | 2013-2014 | Regular Session | Amended

NOTE: There are more recent revisions of this legislation. Read Latest Draft
Bill Title: Disorderly conduct: unlawful distribution of image.

Status: (Enrolled) 2014-08-28 - Enrolled and presented to the Governor at 4:30 p.m. [SB1255 Detail]

Download: California-2013-SB1255-Amended.html
BILL NUMBER: SB 1255	AMENDED
	BILL TEXT

	AMENDED IN SENATE  MAY 6, 2014

INTRODUCED BY   Senator Cannella
    (   Coauthor:   Senator   Huff
  ) 
    (   Coauthors:   Assembly Members 
 Garcia,   Gonzalez,   Jones,   and
Wieckowski   ) 

                        FEBRUARY 20, 2014

   An act to amend Sections 312.3, 502.01, 647, 786, and 1524 of the
Penal Code, relating to disorderly conduct.


	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   SB 1255, as amended, Cannella. Disorderly conduct: unlawful
distribution of image.
   Existing law provides that any person who photographs or records
by any means the image of the intimate body part or parts of another
identifiable person, under circumstances where the parties agree or
understand that the image shall remain private, and the person
subsequently distributes the image taken, with the intent to cause
serious emotional distress, and the depicted person suffers serious
emotional distress, is guilty of disorderly conduct.
   This bill would instead provide that a person who intentionally
distributes  by any means an image  , as
described,  of the  uncovered, or visible through less
than fully opaque clothing,   intimate  body part
or parts  , as defined,  of another identifiable person
 or an image of another identifiable person engaged in a
sexual act, knowing that the depicted person does not consent to the
distribution of the image  ,  or an image of the person
depicted engaging in specified sexual acts, under circumstances in
which the persons agree or understand that the image remain private,
the person distributing the image knows or should know that
distribution of the image will cause serious emotional distress, and
the person depicted suffers that distress,  is guilty of
disorderly conduct. The bill would also provide that it is not a
violation of this provision to distribute the image under certain
circumstances, including where the distribution is made in the course
of reporting an unlawful activity. The bill makes other technical
and clarifying changes.
   Under existing law, matter that depicts a person under 18 years of
age personally engaging in or personally simulating sexual conduct,
as defined, and that is in the possession of any city, county, city
and county, or state official or agency is subject to forfeiture
pursuant to a petition for forfeiture brought in the county in which
the matter is located. Existing law provides for forfeiture by a
defendant of illegal telecommunications equipment, or a computer,
computer system, or computer network, and any software or data that
was used in committing specified crimes, including depiction of a
person under 18 years of age personally engaging in or personally
simulating sexual conduct.
   Existing law establishes the proper jurisdictions of a criminal
action for unauthorized use, retention, or transfer of personal
identifying information to include the county where the theft
occurred, the county in which the victim resided at the time of the
offense, or the county where the information was used for an illegal
purpose. Existing law authorizes issuance of a search warrant on
various grounds, including when the property or things to be seized
consist of evidence that tends to show possession of matter depicting
sexual conduct of a person under 18 years of age.
   This bill would apply those provisions to the disorderly conduct
described above.
   Because this bill would broaden the scope of a crime, it would
impose a state-mandated local program.
   The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local
agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the
state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that
reimbursement.
   This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this
act for a specified reason.
   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes.
State-mandated local program: yes.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  Section 312.3 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   312.3.  (a) Matter that depicts (1) a person under 18 years of age
personally engaging in or personally simulating sexual conduct as
defined in Section 311.4, or (2) an image  used in the commission
of a crime  described in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of
subdivision (j) of Section 647, and that is in the possession of any
city, county, city and county, or state official or agency is subject
to forfeiture pursuant to this section.
   (b) An action to forfeit matter described in subdivision (a) may
be brought by the Attorney General, the district attorney, county
counsel, or the city attorney. Proceedings shall be initiated by a
petition of forfeiture filed in the superior court of the county in
which the matter is located.
   (c) The prosecuting agency shall make service of process of a
notice regarding that petition upon every individual who may have a
property interest in the alleged proceeds. The notice shall state
that any interested party may file a verified claim with the superior
court stating the amount of their claimed interest and an
affirmation or denial of the prosecuting agency's allegation. If the
notice cannot be given by registered mail or personal delivery, the
notice shall be published for at least three successive weeks in a
newspaper of general circulation in the county where the property is
located. All notices shall set forth the time within which a claim of
interest in the property seized is required to be filed.
   (d) (1) Any person claiming an interest in the property or
proceeds may, at any time within 30 days from the date of the first
publication of the notice of seizure, or within 30 days after receipt
of actual notice, file with the superior court of the county in
which the action is pending a verified claim stating his or her
interest in the property or proceeds. A verified copy of the claim
shall be given by the claimant to the Attorney General or district
attorney, county counsel, or city attorney, as appropriate.
   (2) If, at the end of the time set forth in paragraph (1), an
interested person has not filed a claim, the court, upon motion,
shall declare that the person has defaulted upon his or her alleged
interest, and it shall be subject to forfeiture upon proof of
compliance with subdivision (c).
   (e) The burden is on the petitioner to prove beyond a reasonable
doubt that matter is subject to forfeiture pursuant to this section.
   (f) It is not necessary to seek or obtain a criminal conviction
prior to the entry of an order for the destruction of matter pursuant
to this section. Any matter described in subdivision (a) that is in
the possession of any city, county, city and county, or state
official or agency, including found property, or property obtained as
the result of a case in which no trial was had or that has been
disposed of by way of dismissal or otherwise than by way of
conviction may be ordered destroyed.
   (g) A court order for destruction of matter described in
subdivision (a) may be carried out by a police or sheriff's
department or by the Department of Justice. The court order shall
specify the agency responsible for the destruction.
   (h) As used in this section, "matter" means any book, magazine,
newspaper, or other printed or written material or any picture,
drawing, photograph, motion picture, or other pictorial
representation, or any  statute   statue 
or other figure, or any recording, transcription or mechanical,
chemical or electrical reproduction, or any other articles,
equipment, machines, or materials. "Matter" also means any
representation of information, data, or image, including, but not
limited to, any film, filmstrip, photograph, negative, slide,
photocopy, videotape, video laser disc, computer hardware, computer
software, computer floppy disc, data storage media, CD-ROM, or
computer-generated equipment or any other computer-generated image
that contains or incorporates in any manner any film or filmstrip.
   (i) This section does not apply to a depiction of a legally
emancipated minor or to lawful conduct between spouses if one or both
are under  the age of  18  years of age  .

   (j) It is a defense in any forfeiture proceeding that the matter
seized was lawfully possessed in aid of legitimate scientific or
educational purposes.
  SEC. 2.  Section 502.01 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   502.01.  (a) As used in this section:
   (1) "Property subject to forfeiture" means any property of the
defendant that is illegal telecommunications equipment as defined in
subdivision (g) of Section 502.8, or a computer, computer system, or
computer network, and any software or data residing thereon, if the
telecommunications device, computer, computer system, or computer
network was used in committing a violation of, or conspiracy to
commit a violation of, subdivision (b) of Section 272, Section 288,
288.2, 311.1, 311.2, 311.3, 311.4, 311.5, 311.10, 311.11, 422, 470,
470a, 472, 475, 476, 480, 483.5, 484g, or subdivision (a), (b), or
(d) of Section 484e, subdivision (a) of Section 484f, subdivision (b)
or (c) of Section 484i, subdivision (c) of Section 502, or Section
502.7, 502.8, 529, 529a, or 530.5, 537e, 593d, 593e, 646.9, or
subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (j) of Section 647,
or was used as a repository for the storage of software or data
obtained in violation of those provisions. Forfeiture shall not be
available for any property used solely in the commission of an
infraction. If the defendant is a minor, it also includes property of
the parent or guardian of the defendant.
   (2) "Sentencing court" means the court sentencing a person found
guilty of violating or conspiring to commit a violation of
subdivision (b) of Section 272, Section 288, 288.2, 311.1, 311.2,
311.3, 311.4, 311.5, 311.10, 311.11, 422, 470, 470a, 472, 475, 476,
480, 483.5, 484g, or subdivision (a), (b), or (d) of Section 484e,
subdivision (d) of Section 484e, subdivision (a) of Section 484f,
subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 484i, subdivision (c) of Section
502, or Section 502.7, 502.8, 529, 529a, 530.5, 537e, 593d, 593e, or
646.9, or, in the case of a minor, found to be a person described in
Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code because of a
violation of those provisions, the juvenile court.
   (3) "Interest" means any property interest in the property subject
to forfeiture.
   (4) "Security interest" means an interest that is a lien,
mortgage, security interest, or interest under a conditional sales
contract.
   (5) "Value" has the following meanings:
   (A) When counterfeit items of computer software are manufactured
or possessed for sale, the "value" of those items shall be equivalent
to the retail price or fair market price of the true items that are
counterfeited.
   (B) When counterfeited but unassembled components of computer
software packages are recovered, including, but not limited to,
counterfeited computer diskettes, instruction manuals, or licensing
envelopes, the "value" of those components of computer software
packages shall be equivalent to the retail price or fair market price
of the number of completed computer software packages that could
have been made from those components.
   (b) The sentencing court shall, upon petition by the prosecuting
attorney, at any time following sentencing, or by agreement of all
parties, at the time of sentencing, conduct a hearing to determine
whether any property or property interest is subject to forfeiture
under this section. At the forfeiture hearing, the prosecuting
attorney shall have the burden of establishing, by a preponderance of
the evidence, that the property or property interests are subject to
forfeiture. The prosecuting attorney may retain seized property that
may be subject to forfeiture until the sentencing hearing.
   (c) Prior to the commencement of a forfeiture proceeding, the law
enforcement agency seizing the property subject to forfeiture shall
make an investigation as to any person other than the defendant who
may have an interest in it. At least 30 days before the hearing to
determine whether the property should be forfeited, the prosecuting
agency shall send notice of the hearing to any person who may have an
interest in the property that arose before the seizure.
   A person claiming an interest in the property shall file a motion
for the redemption of that interest at least 10 days before the
hearing on forfeiture, and shall send a copy of the motion to the
prosecuting agency and to the probation department.
   If a motion to redeem an interest has been filed, the sentencing
court shall hold a hearing to identify all persons who possess valid
interests in the property. No person shall hold a valid interest in
the property if, by a preponderance of the evidence, the prosecuting
agency shows that the person knew or should have known that the
property was being used in violation of, or conspiracy to commit a
violation of, subdivision (b) of Section 272, Section 288, 288.2,
311.1, 311.2, 311.3, 311.4, 311.5, 311.10, 311.11, 470, 470a, 472,
475, 476, 480, 483.5, 484g, or subdivision (a), (b), or (d) of
Section 484e, subdivision (a) of Section 484f, subdivision (b) or (c)
of Section 484i, subdivision (c) of Section 502, or Section 502.7,
502.8, 529, 529a, 530.5, 537e, 593d, 593e, or 646.9, and that the
person did not take reasonable steps to prevent that use, or if the
interest is a security interest, the person knew or should have known
at the time that the security interest was created that the property
would be used for a violation.
   (d) If the sentencing court finds that a person holds a valid
interest in the property, the following provisions shall apply:
   (1) The court shall determine the value of the property.
   (2) The court shall determine the value of each valid interest in
the property.
   (3) If the value of the property is greater than the value of the
interest, the holder of the interest shall be entitled to ownership
of the property upon paying the court the difference between the
value of the property and the value of the valid interest.
   If the holder of the interest declines to pay the amount
determined under paragraph (2), the court may order the property sold
and designate the prosecutor or any other agency to sell the
property. The designated agency shall be entitled to seize the
property and the holder of the interest shall forward any
documentation underlying the interest, including any ownership
certificates for that property, to the designated agency. The
designated agency shall sell the property and pay the owner of the
interest the proceeds, up to the value of that interest.
   (4) If the value of the property is less than the value of the
interest, the designated agency shall sell the property and pay the
owner of the interest the proceeds, up to the value of that interest.

   (e) If the defendant was a minor at the time of the offense, this
subdivision shall apply to property subject to forfeiture that is the
property of the parent or guardian of the minor.
   (1) The prosecuting agency shall notify the parent or guardian of
the forfeiture hearing at least 30 days before the date set for the
hearing.
   (2) The computer or telecommunications device shall not be subject
to forfeiture if the parent or guardian files a signed statement
with the court at least 10 days before the date set for the hearing
that the minor shall not have access to any computer or
telecommunications device owned by the parent or guardian for two
years after the date on which the minor is sentenced.
   (3) If the minor is convicted of a violation of Section 288,
288.2, 311.1, 311.2, 311.3, 311.4, 311.5, 311.10, 311.11, 470, 470a,
472, 476, 480, or subdivision (b) of Section 484e, subdivision (d) of
Section 484e, subdivision (a) of Section 484f, subdivision (b) of
Section 484i, subdivision (c) of Section 502, or Section 502.7,
502.8, 529, 529a, or 530.5, within two years after the date on which
the minor is sentenced, and the violation involves a computer or
telecommunications device owned by the parent or guardian, the
original property subject to forfeiture, and the property involved in
the new offense, shall be subject to forfeiture notwithstanding
paragraph (2).
   (4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), (2), or (3), or any other
provision of this chapter, if a minor's parent or guardian makes full
restitution to the victim of a crime enumerated in this chapter in
an amount or manner determined by the court, the forfeiture
provisions of this chapter do not apply to the property of that
parent or guardian if the property was located in the family's
primary residence during the commission of the crime.
   (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the court
may exercise its discretion to deny forfeiture where the court finds
that the convicted defendant, or minor adjudicated to come within
the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, is not likely to use the
property otherwise subject to forfeiture for future illegal acts.
   (g) If the defendant is found to have the only valid interest in
the property subject to forfeiture, it shall be distributed as
follows:
   (1) First, to the victim, if the victim elects to take the
property as full or partial restitution for injury, victim
expenditures, or compensatory damages, as defined in paragraph (1) of
subdivision (e) of Section 502. If the victim elects to receive the
property under this paragraph, the value of the property shall be
determined by the court and that amount shall be credited against the
restitution owed by the defendant. The victim shall not be penalized
for electing not to accept the forfeited property in lieu of full or
partial restitution.
   (2) Second, at the discretion of the court, to one or more of the
following agencies or entities:
   (A) The prosecuting agency.
   (B) The public entity of which the prosecuting agency is a part.
   (C) The public entity whose officers or employees conducted the
investigation resulting in forfeiture.
   (D) Other state and local public entities, including school
districts.
   (E) Nonprofit charitable organizations.
   (h) If the property is to be sold, the court may designate the
prosecuting agency or any other agency to sell the property at
auction. The proceeds of the sale shall be distributed by the court
as follows:
   (1) To the bona fide or innocent purchaser or encumbrancer,
conditional sales vendor, or mortgagee of the property up to the
amount of his or her interest in the property, if the court orders a
distribution to that person.
   (2) The balance, if any, to be retained by the court, subject to
the provisions for distribution under subdivision (g).
  SEC. 3.  Section 647 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   647.  Except as provided in subdivision (l), every person who
commits any of the following acts is guilty of disorderly conduct, a
misdemeanor:
   (a) Who solicits anyone to engage in or who engages in lewd or
dissolute conduct in any public place or in any place open to the
public or exposed to public view.
   (b) Who solicits or who agrees to engage in or who engages in any
act of prostitution. A person agrees to engage in an act of
prostitution when, with specific intent to so engage, he or she
manifests an acceptance of an offer or solicitation to so engage,
regardless of whether the offer or solicitation was made by a person
who also possessed the specific intent to engage in prostitution. No
agreement to engage in an act of prostitution shall constitute a
violation of this subdivision unless some act, in addition to the
agreement, is done within this state in furtherance of the commission
of an act of prostitution by the person agreeing to engage in that
act. As used in this subdivision, "prostitution" includes any lewd
act between persons for money or other consideration.
   (c) Who accosts other persons in any public place or in any place
open to the public for the purpose of begging or soliciting alms.
   (d) Who loiters in or about any toilet open to the public for the
purpose of engaging in or soliciting any lewd or lascivious or any
unlawful act.
   (e) Who lodges in any building, structure, vehicle, or place,
whether public or private, without the permission of the owner or
person entitled to the possession or in control of it.
   (f) Who is found in any public place under the influence of
intoxicating liquor, any drug, controlled substance, toluene, or any
combination of any intoxicating liquor, drug, controlled substance,
or toluene, in a condition that he or she is unable to exercise care
for his or her own safety or the safety of others, or by reason of
his or her being under the influence of intoxicating liquor, any
drug, controlled substance, toluene, or any combination of any
intoxicating liquor, drug, or toluene, interferes with or obstructs
or prevents the free use of any street, sidewalk, or other public
way.
   (g) When a person has violated subdivision (f), a peace officer,
if he or she is reasonably able to do so, shall place the person, or
cause him or her to be placed, in civil protective custody. The
person shall be taken to a facility, designated pursuant to Section
5170 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, for the 72-hour treatment
and evaluation of inebriates. A peace officer may place a person in
civil protective custody with that kind and degree of force which
would be lawful were he or she effecting an arrest for a misdemeanor
without a warrant. A person who has been placed in civil protective
custody shall not thereafter be subject to any criminal prosecution
or juvenile court proceeding based on the facts giving rise to this
placement. This subdivision shall not apply to the following persons:

   (1) Any person who is under the influence of any drug, or under
the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and any drug.
   (2) Any person who a peace officer has probable cause to believe
has committed any felony, or who has committed any misdemeanor in
addition to subdivision (f).
   (3) Any person who a peace officer in good faith believes will
attempt escape or will be unreasonably difficult for medical
personnel to control.
   (h) Who loiters, prowls, or wanders upon the private property of
another, at any time, without visible or lawful business with the
owner or occupant. As used in this subdivision, "loiter" means to
delay or linger without a lawful purpose for being on the property
and for the purpose of committing a crime as opportunity may be
discovered.
   (i) Who, while loitering, prowling, or wandering upon the private
property of another, at any time, peeks in the door or window of any
inhabited building or structure, without visible or lawful business
with the owner or occupant.
   (j) (1) Any person who looks through a hole or opening, into, or
otherwise views, by means of any instrumentality, including, but not
limited to, a periscope, telescope, binoculars, camera, motion
picture camera, camcorder, or mobile phone, the interior of a
bedroom, bathroom, changing room, fitting room, dressing room, or
tanning booth, or the interior of any other area in which the
occupant has a reasonable expectation of privacy, with the intent to
invade the privacy of a person or persons inside. This subdivision
shall not apply to those areas of a private business used to count
currency or other negotiable instruments.
   (2) Any person who uses a concealed camcorder, motion picture
camera, or photographic camera of any type, to secretly videotape,
film, photograph, or record by electronic means, another,
identifiable person under or through the clothing being worn by that
other person, for the purpose of viewing the body of, or the
undergarments worn by, that other person, without the consent or
knowledge of that other person, with the intent to arouse, appeal to,
or gratify the lust, passions, or sexual desires of that person and
invade the privacy of that other person, under circumstances in which
the other person has a reasonable expectation of privacy.
   (3) (A) Any person who uses a concealed camcorder, motion picture
camera, or photographic camera of any type, to secretly videotape,
film, photograph, or record by electronic means, another,
identifiable person who may be in a state of full or partial undress,
for the purpose of viewing the body of, or the undergarments worn
by, that other person, without the consent or knowledge of that other
person, in the interior of a bedroom, bathroom, changing room,
fitting room, dressing room, or tanning booth, or the interior of any
other area in which that other person has a reasonable expectation
of privacy, with the intent to invade the privacy of that other
person.
   (B) Neither of the following is a defense to the crime specified
in this paragraph:
   (i) The defendant was a cohabitant, landlord, tenant, cotenant,
employer, employee, or business partner or associate of the victim,
or an agent of any of these.
   (ii) The victim was not in a state of full or partial undress.
   (4) (A) Any person who intentionally distributes  by any
means  the image of  the intimate body part or parts
  of  another identifiable person  whose
intimate body part or parts are either uncovered or visible through
less than fully opaque clothing or who is engaged in a sexual act,
without the consent of the depicted   ,   or an
image of the person depicted engaged in an act of sexual
intercourse, sodomy, oral copulation, sexual penetration, or an image
of masturbation by the person depicted or in which the person
depicted participates, under circumstances in which the persons agree
or understand that the image shall remain private, the person
distributing the image knows or should know that distribution of the
image will cause serious emotional distress, and the person depicted
suffers that distress  . 
   (B) For purposes of this paragraph, the following definitions
apply:  
   (B) A person intentionally distributes an image described in
subparagraph (A) when he or she personally distributes the image, or
arranges, specifically requests, or intentionally causes another
person to distribute that image.  
   (i) "Intimate 
    (C)     As used in this paragraph,
"intimate  body part" means any portion of the genitals, 
the anus,  and in the case of a female, also includes any
portion of the breasts below the top of the areola  ,  
that is either uncovered or clearly visible through clothing .

   (ii) "Sexual act" means sexual intercourse, including genital,
anal, or oral sex, or physical contact with another person's intimate
body part or parts.  
   (D) Nothing in this subdivision precludes punishment under any law
providing for greater punishment.  
   (E) When a person is granted probation for a conviction under this
paragraph, it shall be a condition of probation that the person
destroy any physical image and permanently delete any digital image
involved in the offense or that could be the basis of a prosecution
under this paragraph, if distributed.  
   (F) A court may impose any reasonable condition of probation
limiting or restricting the person's use of any device for the
creation, storage, or distribution of digital images.  
   (C) 
    (G)  It shall not be a violation of this paragraph to
distribute an image described in subparagraph (A) if any of the
following applies:
   (i) The distribution is made in the course of reporting an
unlawful activity.
   (ii) The distribution is made in compliance with a subpoena or
other court order for use in a legal proceeding. 
   (iii) The image was captured in a public or commercial setting and
the person depicted in the image voluntarily exposed his or her
intimate body part or parts or voluntarily engaged in a sexual act.
 
   (iv) 
    (iii)  The distribution is made in the course of a
lawful public proceeding.
   (5) Nothing in this subdivision precludes punishment under any
section of law providing for greater punishment.
   (k) In any accusatory pleading charging a violation of subdivision
(b), if the defendant has been once previously convicted of a
violation of that subdivision, the previous conviction shall be
charged in the accusatory pleading. If the previous conviction is
found to be true by the jury, upon a jury trial, or by the court,
upon a court trial, or is admitted by the defendant, the defendant
shall be imprisoned in a county jail for a period of not less than 45
days and shall not be eligible for release upon completion of
sentence, on probation, on parole, on work furlough or work release,
or on any other basis until he or she has served a period of not less
than 45 days in a county jail. In all cases in which probation is
granted, the court shall require as a condition thereof that the
person be confined in a county jail for at least 45 days. In no event
does the court have the power to absolve a person who violates this
subdivision from the obligation of spending at least 45 days in
confinement in a county jail.
   In any accusatory pleading charging a violation of subdivision
(b), if the defendant has been previously convicted two or more times
of a violation of that subdivision, each of these previous
convictions shall be charged in the accusatory pleading. If two or
more of these previous convictions are found to be true by the jury,
upon a jury trial, or by the court, upon a court trial, or are
admitted by the defendant, the defendant shall be imprisoned in a
county jail for a period of not less than 90 days and shall not be
eligible for release upon completion of sentence, on probation, on
parole, on work furlough or work release, or on any other basis until
he or she has served a period of not less than 90 days in a county
jail. In all cases in which probation is granted, the court shall
require as a condition thereof that the person be confined in a
county jail for at least 90 days. In no event does the court have the
power to absolve a person who violates this subdivision from the
obligation of spending at least 90 days in confinement in a county
jail.
   In addition to any punishment prescribed by this section, a court
may suspend, for not more than 30 days, the privilege of the person
to operate a motor vehicle pursuant to Section 13201.5 of the Vehicle
Code for any violation of subdivision (b) that was committed within
1,000 feet of a private residence and with the use of a vehicle. In
lieu of the suspension, the court may order a person's privilege
                                               to operate a motor
vehicle restricted, for not more than six months, to necessary travel
to and from the person's place of employment or education. If
driving a motor vehicle is necessary to perform the duties of the
person's employment, the court may also allow the person to drive in
that person's scope of employment.
   (l) (1) A second or subsequent violation of subdivision (j) is
punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year,
or by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by both
that fine and imprisonment.
   (2) If the victim of a violation of subdivision (j) was a minor at
the time of the offense, the violation is punishable by imprisonment
in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding
two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment.

  SEC. 4.  Section 786 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   786.  (a) When property taken in one jurisdictional territory by
burglary, carjacking, robbery, theft, or embezzlement has been
brought into another, or when property is received in one
jurisdictional territory with the knowledge that it has been stolen
or embezzled and the property was stolen or embezzled in another
jurisdictional territory, the jurisdiction of the offense is in any
competent court within either jurisdictional territory, or any
contiguous jurisdictional territory if the arrest is made within the
contiguous territory, the prosecution secures on the record the
defendant's knowing, voluntary, and intelligent waiver of the right
of vicinage, and the defendant is charged with one or more property
crimes in the arresting territory.
   (b) (1) The jurisdiction of a criminal action for unauthorized
use, retention, or transfer of personal identifying information, as
defined in subdivision (b) of Section 530.55, shall also include the
county where the theft of the personal identifying information
occurred, the county in which the victim resided at the time the
offense was committed, or the county where the information was used
for an illegal purpose. If multiple offenses of unauthorized use of
personal identifying information, either all involving the same
defendant or defendants and the same personal identifying information
belonging to the one person, or all involving the same defendant or
defendants and the same scheme or substantially similar activity,
occur in multiple jurisdictions, then any of those jurisdictions is a
proper jurisdiction for all of the offenses. Jurisdiction also
extends to all associated offenses connected together in their
commission to the underlying identity theft offense or identity theft
offenses.
   (2) When charges alleging multiple offenses of unauthorized use of
personal identifying information occurring in multiple territorial
jurisdictions are filed in one county pursuant to this section, the
court shall hold a hearing to consider whether the matter should
proceed in the county of filing, or whether one or more counts should
be severed. The district attorney filing the complaint shall present
evidence to the court that the district attorney in each county
where any of the charges could have been filed has agreed that the
matter should proceed in the county of filing. In determining whether
all counts in the complaint should be joined in one county for
prosecution, the court shall consider the location and complexity of
the likely evidence, where the majority of the offenses occurred,
whether or not the offenses involved substantially similar activity
or the same scheme, the rights of the defendant and the people, and
the convenience of, or hardship to, the victim and witnesses.
   (3) When an action for unauthorized use, retention, or transfer of
personal identifying information is filed in the county in which the
victim resided at the time the offense was committed, and no other
basis for the jurisdiction applies, the court, upon its own motion or
the motion of the defendant, shall hold a hearing to determine
whether the county of the victim's residence is the proper venue for
trial of the case. In ruling on the matter, the court shall consider
the rights of the parties, the access of the parties to evidence, the
convenience to witnesses, and the interests of justice.
   (c) (1) The jurisdiction of a criminal action for unauthorized
distribution of an intimate image under paragraph (4) of subdivision
(j) of Section 647 shall also include the county in which the offense
occurred, the county in which the victim resided at the time the
offense was committed, or the county in which the intimate image was
used for an illegal purpose. If multiple offenses of unauthorized
distribution of an intimate image, either all involving the same
defendant or defendants and the same intimate image belonging to the
one person, or all involving the same defendant or defendants and the
same scheme or substantially similar activity, occur in multiple
jurisdictions, then any of those jurisdictions is a proper
jurisdiction for all of the offenses. Jurisdiction also extends to
all associated offenses connected together in their commission to the
underlying unauthorized distribution of an intimate image.
   (2) When charges alleging multiple offenses of unauthorized
distribution of an intimate image occurring in multiple territorial
jurisdictions are filed in one county pursuant to this section, the
court shall hold a hearing to consider whether the matter should
proceed in the county of filing, or whether one or more counts should
be severed. The district attorney filing the complaint shall present
evidence to the court that the district attorney in each county
where any of the charges could have been filed has agreed that the
matter should proceed in the county of filing. In determining whether
all counts in the complaint should be joined in one county for
prosecution, the court shall consider the location and complexity of
the likely evidence, where the majority of the offenses occurred,
whether the offenses involved substantially similar activity or the
same scheme, the rights of the defendant and the people, and the
convenience of, or hardship to, the victim and witnesses.
   (3) When an action for unauthorized distribution of an intimate
image is filed in the county in which the victim resided at the time
the offense was committed, and no other basis for the jurisdiction
applies, the court, upon its own motion or the motion of the
defendant, shall hold a hearing to determine whether the county of
the victim's residence is the proper venue for trial of the case. In
ruling on the matter, the court shall consider the rights of the
parties, the access of the parties to evidence, the convenience to
witnesses, and the interests of justice.
   (d) This section shall not be interpreted to alter victims' rights
under Section 530.6.
  SEC. 5.  Section 1524 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   1524.  (a) A search warrant may be issued upon any of the
following grounds:
   (1) When the property was stolen or embezzled.
   (2) When the property or things were used as the means of
committing a felony.
   (3) When the property or things are in the possession of any
person with the intent to use them as a means of committing a public
offense, or in the possession of another to whom he or she may have
delivered them for the purpose of concealing them or preventing them
from being discovered.
   (4) When the property or things to be seized consist of any item
or constitute any evidence that tends to show a felony has been
committed, or tends to show that a particular person has committed a
felony.
   (5) When the property or things to be seized consist of evidence
that tends to show that sexual exploitation of a child, in violation
of Section 311.3, or possession of matter depicting sexual conduct of
a person under 18 years of age, in violation of Section 311.11, or
intentional distribution of an image, in violation of paragraph (4)
of subdivision (j) of Section 647, has occurred or is occurring.
   (6) When there is a warrant to arrest a person.
   (7) When a provider of electronic communication service or remote
computing service has records or evidence, as specified in Section
1524.3, showing that property was stolen or embezzled constituting a
misdemeanor, or that property or things are in the possession of any
person with the intent to use them as a means of committing a
misdemeanor public offense, or in the possession of another to whom
he or she may have delivered them for the purpose of concealing them
or preventing their discovery.
   (8) When the property or things to be seized include an item or
any evidence that tends to show a violation of Section 3700.5 of the
Labor Code, or tends to show that a particular person has violated
Section 3700.5 of the Labor Code.
   (9) When the property or things to be seized include a firearm or
any other deadly weapon at the scene of, or at the premises occupied
or under the control of the person arrested in connection with, a
domestic violence incident involving a threat to human life or a
physical assault as provided in Section 18250. This section does not
affect warrantless seizures otherwise authorized by Section 18250.
   (10) When the property or things to be seized include a firearm or
any other deadly weapon that is owned by, or in the possession of,
or in the custody or control of, a person described in subdivision
(a) of Section 8102 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
   (11) When the property or things to be seized include a firearm
that is owned by, or in the possession of, or in the custody or
control of, a person who is subject to the prohibitions regarding
firearms pursuant to Section 6389 of the Family Code, if a prohibited
firearm is possessed, owned, in the custody of, or controlled by a
person against whom a protective order has been issued pursuant to
Section 6218 of the Family Code, the person has been lawfully served
with that order, and the person has failed to relinquish the firearm
as required by law.
   (12) When the information to be received from the use of a
tracking device constitutes evidence that tends to show that either a
felony, a misdemeanor violation of the Fish and Game Code, or a
misdemeanor violation of the Public Resources Code has been committed
or is being committed, tends to show that a particular person has
committed a felony, a misdemeanor violation of the Fish and Game
Code, or a misdemeanor violation of the Public Resources Code, or is
committing a felony, a misdemeanor violation of the Fish and Game
Code, or a misdemeanor violation of the Public Resources Code, or
will assist in locating an individual who has committed or is
committing a felony, a misdemeanor violation of the Fish and Game
Code, or a misdemeanor violation of the Public Resources Code. A
tracking device search warrant issued pursuant to this paragraph
shall be executed in a manner meeting the requirements specified in
subdivision (b) of Section 1534.
   (13) When a sample of the blood of a person constitutes evidence
that tends to show a violation of Section 23140, 23152, or 23153 of
the Vehicle Code and the person from whom the sample is being sought
has refused an officer's request to submit to, or has failed to
complete, a blood test as required by Section 23612 of the Vehicle
Code, and the sample will be drawn from the person in a reasonable,
medically approved manner. This paragraph is not intended to abrogate
a court's mandate to determine the propriety of the issuance of a
search warrant on a case-by-case basis.
   (b) The property, things, person, or persons described in
subdivision (a) may be taken on the warrant from any place, or from
any person in whose possession the property or things may be.
   (c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) or (b), no search warrant
shall issue for any documentary evidence in the possession or under
the control of any person who is a lawyer as defined in Section 950
of the Evidence Code, a physician as defined in Section 990 of the
Evidence Code, a psychotherapist as defined in Section 1010 of the
Evidence Code, or a member of the clergy as defined in Section 1030
of the Evidence Code, and who is not reasonably suspected of engaging
or having engaged in criminal activity related to the documentary
evidence for which a warrant is requested unless the following
procedure has been complied with:
   (1) At the time of the issuance of the warrant, the court shall
appoint a special master in accordance with subdivision (d) to
accompany the person who will serve the warrant. Upon service of the
warrant, the special master shall inform the party served of the
specific items being sought and that the party shall have the
opportunity to provide the items requested. If the party, in the
judgment of the special master, fails to provide the items requested,
the special master shall conduct a search for the items in the areas
indicated in the search warrant.
   (2) (A) If the party who has been served states that an item or
items should not be disclosed, they shall be sealed by the special
master and taken to court for a hearing.
   (B) At the hearing, the party searched shall be entitled to raise
any issues that may be raised pursuant to Section 1538.5 as well as a
claim that the item or items are privileged, as provided by law. The
hearing shall be held in the superior court. The court shall provide
sufficient time for the parties to obtain counsel and make any
motions or present any evidence. The hearing shall be held within
three days of the service of the warrant unless the court makes a
finding that the expedited hearing is impracticable. In that case the
matter shall be heard at the earliest possible time.
   (C) If an item or items are taken to court for a hearing, any
limitations of time prescribed in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section
799) of Title 3 of Part 2 shall be tolled from the time of the
seizure until the final conclusion of the hearing, including any
associated writ or appellate proceedings.
   (3) The warrant shall, whenever practicable, be served during
normal business hours. In addition, the warrant shall be served upon
a party who appears to have possession or control of the items
sought. If, after reasonable efforts, the party serving the warrant
is unable to locate the person, the special master shall seal and
return to the court, for determination by the court, any item that
appears to be privileged as provided by law.
   (d) (1) As used in this section, a "special master" is an attorney
who is a member in good standing of the California State Bar and who
has been selected from a list of qualified attorneys that is
maintained by the State Bar particularly for the purposes of
conducting the searches described in this section. These attorneys
shall serve without compensation. A special master shall be
considered a public employee, and the governmental entity that caused
the search warrant to be issued shall be considered the employer of
the special master and the applicable public entity, for purposes of
Division 3.6 (commencing with Section 810) of Title 1 of the
Government Code, relating to claims and actions against public
entities and public employees. In selecting the special master, the
court shall make every reasonable effort to ensure that the person
selected has no relationship with any of the parties involved in the
pending matter. Any information obtained by the special master shall
be confidential and may not be divulged except in direct response to
inquiry by the court.
   (2) In any case in which the magistrate determines that, after
reasonable efforts have been made to obtain a special master, a
special master is not available and would not be available within a
reasonable period of time, the magistrate may direct the party
seeking the order to conduct the search in the manner described in
this section in lieu of the special master.
   (e) Any search conducted pursuant to this section by a special
master may be conducted in a manner that permits the party serving
the warrant or his or her designee to accompany the special master as
he or she conducts his or her search. However, that party or his or
her designee may not participate in the search nor shall he or she
examine any of the items being searched by the special master except
upon agreement of the party upon whom the warrant has been served.
   (f) As used in this section, "documentary evidence" includes, but
is not limited to, writings, documents, blueprints, drawings,
photographs, computer printouts, microfilms, X-rays, files, diagrams,
ledgers, books, tapes, audio and video recordings, films, and papers
of any type or description.
   (g) No warrant shall issue for any item or items described in
Section 1070 of the Evidence Code.
   (h) Notwithstanding any other law, no claim of attorney work
product as described in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 2018.010)
of Title 4 of Part 4 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall be
sustained where there is probable cause to believe that the lawyer is
engaging or has engaged in criminal activity related to the
documentary evidence for which a warrant is requested unless it is
established at the hearing with respect to the documentary evidence
seized under the warrant that the services of the lawyer were not
sought or obtained to enable or aid anyone to commit or plan to
commit a crime or a fraud.
   (i) Nothing in this section is intended to limit an attorney's
ability to request an in camera hearing pursuant to the holding of
the Supreme Court of California in People v. Superior Court (Laff)
(2001) 25 Cal.4th 703.
   (j) In addition to any other circumstance permitting a magistrate
to issue a warrant for a person or property in another county, when
the property or things to be seized consist of any item or constitute
any evidence that tends to show a violation of Section 530.5, the
magistrate may issue a warrant to search a person or property located
in another county if the person whose identifying information was
taken or used resides in the same county as the issuing court.
   (k) This section shall not be construed to create a cause of
action against any foreign or California corporation, its officers,
employees, agents, or other specified persons for providing location
information.
  SEC. 6.  No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to
Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because
the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school
district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or
infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty
for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the
Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the
meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California
Constitution.                               
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